Nature Contact and Human Health: A Research Agenda

Conclusions: Nature contact may offer a range of human health benefits. Although much evidence is already available, much remains unknown. A robust research effort, guided by a focus on key unanswered questions, has the potential to yield high-impact, consequential public health insights. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1663 Received: 26 January 2017 Revised: 12 May 2017 Accepted: 25 May 2017 Published: 31 July 2017 Address correspondence to H. Frumkin, Dept. of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington School of Public Health, Box 354695, Seattle, WA 98195-4695 USA; Telephone: 206-897-1723; Email: frumkin@uw.edu H.F. served on the Boards of the Children and Nature Network and the Seattle Parks Foundation (uncompensated). P.H.K. Jr. serves as Editor-in-Chief of the journal Ecopsychology and receives some financial compensation for this work from the publisher. J.J.L. serves on the Board of The Nature Conservancy, Washington chapter (uncompensated). P.S.L. has grants from Pew Charitable Trusts, the David and Lucille Packard foundation, the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, and the Lenfest Foundation. P.S.T. serves on the Board of Islandwood, a nature education center (uncompensated). All other authors declare they have no actual or potential competing financial interests. Note to readers with disabilities: EHP strives to ensure that all journal content is accessible to all readers. However, some figures and Supplemental Material publ...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

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Authors: Pennisi PA, Fernández MC, Martin A Abstract Pheochromocytomas/paragangliomas (PCCs/PGLs) are rare neuroendocrine tumors, developed from chromaffin cells derived from the neural crest. From a genetic point of view PCCs/PGLs are divided as sporadic cases, and inherited cases as part of hereditary (familial) syndromes. While the majority is benign, up to 26% of PCCs/PGLs will undergo malignant transformation. Validated prognostic pathological parameters for malignant PCCs/PGLs are still lacking. Signaling that follows the interactions between IGFs and their receptor/s in tumor cells received extensive ...
Source: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Pediatr Endocrinol Rev Source Type: research
Authors: Silva MAFS, Dechichi P, Limirio PHJO Abstract Childhood obesity is a considerable worldwide health problem and a major risk factor for several chronic diseases. Fat rich diets result in altered serum levels of lipids, cytokines and hormonal factors, which influence skeletal acquisition and promote microstructural and mechanical behavior changes in bone, especially to bone quality and quantity. However, the possible longterm implications of high-fat diets in childhood are controversial. Despite not fully understood, multiple signaling pathways which support bone tissue homeostasis are altered under hyperlip...
Source: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Pediatr Endocrinol Rev Source Type: research
Authors: Scheffer-Rath ME, Boot AM Abstract Vitamin D is important for skeletal growth, bone mineralization and dental health. Vitamin D deficiency is reported in many countries, may have several causes and can cause rickets in children. A guideline with recommendations of vitamin D supplementation to prevent nutritional rickets was published recently. The vitamin D receptor is present in many cells of the body including cells of the immune system. Many studies have been published on associations between vitamin D deficiency and extra skeletal effects, mainly without proof of causality in intervention studies. This...
Source: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Pediatr Endocrinol Rev Source Type: research
Authors: Henry RK Abstract Glucose dysregulation (GD), a feature of growth hormone excess, in the setting of acromegaly is well known by clinicians. However, less well known is that GD may be a feature of growth hormone deficiency. The fact that either ends of the spectrum of growth hormone (excess or deficiency) can be associated with diabetes mellitus is unique and clinicians should especially recognize that impaired glucose tolerance and even diabetes mellitus may develop in individuals predisposed to having growth hormone deficiency. PMID: 32780951 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Pediatr Endocrinol Rev Source Type: research
Authors: Blumenfeld O, Hampe CS, Shulman L, Chen R, Laron Z Abstract Recent epidemiological surveys performed in Australia, USA and Israel demonstrate that Rotavirus vaccination correlates with an attenuated prevalence and/or incidence of early childhood diabetes (T1D). Other studies failed to confirm the above. PMID: 32780950 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Pediatr Endocrinol Rev Source Type: research
Publication date: 5 December 2020Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 263Author(s): Xiaoning Chen, Ravindran Kalathil Veena, Haridas Ramya, Kainoor Krishnankutty Janardhanan, Varughese George
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
The turmoil and devastating destruction of World War II had also ruined dermatology across Europe. In contrast, the Society of Investigative Dermatology (SID; founded in 1937) in the United States functioned successfully and soon became a role model for the leaders of dermatology departments in  various European countries. Our former teachers in dermatology succeeded in overcoming the prejudice and animosity in the western world. This outcome was the conception of the founding fathers (there was no founding lady in the initial group) of the European Society for Dermatological Research (ES DR).
Source: Journal of Investigative Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Personal Views & Reflections Source Type: research
Prof Sam Shuster (born on 24 August 1927, London) was a founding board member and then the President of the European Society for Dermatological Research (ESDR). He is a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, member of various dermatological and science associations, and an honorary member of many foreign academy societies. He is an emeritus professor of dermatology from the University of Newcastle Upon Tyne, United Kingdom.
Source: Journal of Investigative Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Personal Views & Reflections Source Type: research
To better understand and interpret the trends in cutaneous research, we carried out a network analysis of all the titles of the submitted abstracts of the annual meetings of the European Society of Dermatological Research (ESDR), including the International Investigative Dermatology (IID) meetings between 2010 and 2019. Network analysis is a data science tool to process, analyze, and visualize big sets of data. As expected, psoriasis was the frontrunner in each of the annual meetings, followed by dermatitis and melanoma.
Source: Journal of Investigative Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: The ESDR in Numbers Source Type: research
Conclusions: There were significant differences with respect to clinical characteristics and comorbidity prevalence according to metformin use among Korean type 2 diabetes patients. Long-term follow-up of these patients is necessary to observe how this difference will affect clinical outcomes for these patients. PMID: 32774367 [PubMed]
Source: International Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Int J Endocrinol Source Type: research
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