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Occupational stress and mental health symptoms: examining the moderating effect of work recovery strategies in firefighters - Sawhney G, Jennings KS, Britt TW, Sliter MT.
The goal of this research was to examine the moderating effect of work recovery strategies on the relationship between occupational stress experienced by firefighters and mental health symptoms. Work recovery strategies were identified through semistructur... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Would you think about doing sex for money? Structure and agency in deciding to sell sex in Canada - Benoit C, Ouellet N, Jansson M, Magnus S, Smith M.
Entry into sex work is not typically considered as an occupational choice comparable to entry into other jobs. In the sex work literature, initiation is often thought to occur through predisposing factors deep in the structure of society, including childho... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

A before-after study of the impact of a road safety training program on professional drivers - Adamos G, Nathanail E.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

An assessment of the relationship between private security companies and the police in crime prevention in Lagos Metropolis, Nigeria - Chinwokwu EC.
This study examined the relationship between private security companies (PSCs) and the police during crime prevention in Lagos Metropolis, Nigeria. The study elicited data from 1500 randomly selected respondents to a self-administered survey. Data were fur... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Hospital security director background, opinions, and the implementation of security programs - Blando JD, Ridenour ML, Hartley D, Nocera M.
Effective security is crucial to the functioning of a hospital because it impacts patient care, employee satisfaction and turnover, and patient confidence in the healthcare facility to provide a safe environment for medical care. A survey was conducted of ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Pointless diversity training: unconscious bias, new racism and agency - Noon M.
The latest fashion of 'unconscious bias training' is a diversity intervention based on unproven suppositions and is unlikely to help eliminate racism in the workplace. Knowing about bias does not automatically result in changes in behaviour by managers and... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

The police patrol rifle: training standards in American law enforcement agencies - Phillips SW, Jarvis JP.
This work focuses upon the training associated with patrol rifles in American police agencies. Patrol rifles are the firearms most commonly employed by tactical units, but are now often carried by police officers in their patrol cars. The inevitability the... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Throwing a chair could save officers' lives during room entries - Blair JP, Martaindale MH.
Law enforcement officers are sometimes required to perform building searches and room entries to search for, or apprehend, suspects. There have been several instances where officers have been shot while performing a room entry. To date, no research has sou... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Trends in measurement models and methods in understanding occupational health psychology - Tetrick LE.
Measurement of occupational health psychology constructs is the cornerstone to developing our understanding of occupational health and safety. It also is critical in the design, evaluation, and implementation of interventions to improve employees and organ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Secondary traumatic stress and burnout among refugee resettlement workers: the role of coping and emotional intelligence - Akinsulure-Smith AM, Espinosa A, Chu T, Hallock R.
To promote a better understanding of the impact of refugee resettlement work on refugee resettlement workers, this study examined the prevalence rates of deleterious mental health and occupational outcomes, such as secondary traumatic stress and burnout, a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Simulation of noise exposure level of fire-fighters in emergency response services in Malaysia - Zainal Abidin AN, Jusoh M, Zakaria ZY.
Excessive exposure to noise may lead to noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). NIHL has emerged as the biggest cause of world occupational disease in recent years. Occupational hearing loss is among the common work related diseases in Malaysia. It has been pro... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Postural control in workplace safety: role of occupational footwear and workload - Chander H, Garner JC, Wade C, Knight AC.
Maintaining postural stability is crucial, especially in hazardous occupational environments. The purpose of the study was to assess the role of three occupational footwear (low top shoe (LT); tactical work boot (TB) and steel-toed work boot (WB)) on postu... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Contractors' strategic responses to voluntary OHS programmes: an institutional perspective - Ju C, Rowlinson S, Ning Y.
Industry-level voluntary programmes are widely practiced as a complementary approach to government law and enforcement in addressing occupational health and safety (OHS) issues. Drawing on insights from institutional theory, this study seeks to explore how... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

A cross-sectional view of fear of death and dying among skydivers - Griffith JD, Gassem M, Hart CL, Adams LT, Sargent R.
The literature lacks a consistent pattern on the relationship between attitudes toward death and dying across occupations and recreational pursuits. The present cross-sectional study categorized a group of individuals engaging in a high-risk recreational a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

A survey of atmospheric monitoring systems in U.S. underground coal mines - Rowland JH, Harteis SP, Yuan L.
In 1995 and 2003, the U.S. Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) conducted surveys to determine the number of atmospheric monitoring systems (AMS) that were being used in underground coal mines in the United States. The survey reports gave data for ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Assessing and facilitating warehouse safety - Hofstra N, Petkova B, Dullaert W, Reniers G, de Leeuw S.
PURPOSE The purpose of this paper is to investigate how warehouse safety can be assessed and facilitated. Methodology Through a literature study, we build a theoretical framework to provide insights in how safety in Logistics Service Providers (LSPs) c... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Association of risk exposure, organizational identification, and empowerment, with safety participation, intention to quit, and absenteeism - Thurston E, Glendon AI.
Occupational safety is an important topic within organizational psychology research, with exposure to a variety of risks likely to influence a number of psychosocial and physical outcomes. Research has addressed the relationship that organizational safety ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Autoethnography and cognitive adaptation: two powerful buffers against the negative consequences of workplace bullying and academic mobbing - Pheko MM.
Work is undoubtedly fundamental to human life, social development and the economic development of individuals, organizations and nations. However, the experience of working is not always pleasant as there are many instances where relationships between work... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Case control study of impulsivity, aggression, pesticide exposure and suicide attempts using pesticides among farmers - Lyu CP, Pei JR, Beseler LC, Li YL, Li JH, Ren M, Stallones L, Ren SP.
A case-control study was conducted to investigate associations between organophosphate pesticide (OP) exposure, aggression, impulsivity, and attempted suicide. Questionnaires were used to collect information; impulsivity and aggression were measured by the... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Development of a preliminary model for evaluating occupational health and safety risk management maturity in small and medium-sized enterprises - Kaassis B, Badri A.
Management of occupational health and safety (OHS) risks is a crucial component of any business. Numerous investigations have shown that work-related injuries and deaths occur disproportionately in small-to-medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and that this is ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Dynamic system safety analysis in HiP-HOPS with Petri Nets and Bayesian Networks - Kabir S, Walker M, Papadopoulos Y.
Dynamic systems exhibit time-dependent behaviours and complex functional dependencies amongst their components. Therefore, to capture the full system failure behaviour, it is not enough to simply determine the consequences of different combinations of fail... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Influence of staffing levels on conflicts in inpatient psychiatric care - Nienaber A, Heinz A, Rapp MA, Bermpohl F, Schulz M, Behrens J, Lohr M.
Acute psychiatric wards are an important element in the mental healthcare of people at risk for acute harm to others or self-harm. Unfortunately, aggression, violence (conflict) and the use of coercion (containment) are still part of psychiatric care. The ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Maturity models and safety culture: a critical review - Goncalves Filho AP, Waterson P.
The available evidence suggests that maturity models are a popular means of assessing safety culture in organisations. The aim of the present study was to review their conceptual underpinnings and roots, as well as provide details of how they have been use... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Measuring the cognitive loads of construction safety sign designs during selective and sustained attention - Chen J, Wang RQ, Lin Z, Guo X.
Many unsafe behaviors in construction are associated with workers' insufficient vigilance and misperception of risks. Safety signs are designed to provide warning and raise worker's attention in hazardous environments. Many researchers conducted interviews... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Mobile Link - a theory-based messaging intervention for improving sexual and reproductive health of female entertainment workers in Cambodia: study protocol of a randomized controlled trial - Brody C, Tuot S, Chhoun P, Swendenman D, Kaplan KC, Yi S.
BACKGROUND: In Cambodia, HIV prevalence is concentrated in key populations including among female entertainment workers (FEWs) who may engage in direct or indirect sex work. Reaching FEWs with sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services has been difficul... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Opportunities for using building information modeling to improve worker safety performance - Alomari K, Gambatese J, Anderson J.
Building information modelling (BIM) enables the creation of a digital representation of a designed facility combined with additional information about the project attributes, performance criteria, and construction process. Users of BIM tools point to the ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Psychosomatic symptoms among Palestinian nurses exposed to workplace aggression - Jaradat Y, Nielsen MB, Bast-Pettersen R.
BACKGROUND: The study examined associations between workplace aggression (WPA) and psychosomatic symptoms in Palestinian nurses. METHODS: The 341 nurses, (62% females and 38% males), answered a WHO questionnaire and a psychosomatic symptoms checkli... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Safety challenges and improvement strategies of ethnic minority construction workers: a case study in Hong Kong - Wu C, Luo X, Wang T, Wang Y, Sapkota B.
This study aims to identify the major barriers faced by ethnic minority workers from their own perspectives and determine poten... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Sustainability of a person-centered ward atmosphere and possibility to provide person-centered forensic psychiatric care after facility relocation - Alexiou E, Wijk H, Ahlquist G, Kullgren A, Degl' Innocenti A.
OBJECTIVE: This longitudinal study aims to assess the sustainability of staff perceptions of ward atmosphere and their possibility to provide person-centered forensic psychiatric care after relocation to new hospitals that aimed to provide supportive work ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

The HERrespect intervention to address violence against female garment workers in Bangladesh: study protocol for a quasi-experimental trial - Al Mamun M, Parvin K, Yu M, Wan J, Willan S, Gibbs A, Jewkes R, Naved RT.
BACKGROUND: Women in Bangladesh experience high rates of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV). IPV is more prevalent against income earning women compared to their non-earning counterparts, and Workplace Violence (WPV) is also common. Such violence is a violati... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

The impact of coworkers' safety violations on an individual worker: a social contagion effect within the construction crew - Liang H, Lin KY, Zhang S, Su Y.
This research developed and tested a model of the social contagion effect of coworkers ’ safety violations on individual workers within construction crews. Both situational and routine safety violations were considered in this model. Empirical data were c... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Understanding health exposures and vulnerabilities of women workers and their work changes - Mohanty S.
The paper looks at employment shifts of women construction and domestic workers and explores whether social and economic factors as well as processes are adequate in explaining and understanding the reason of health for work changes. It uses the gender mod... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Addressing differences in safety influencing factors--a comparison of offshore and onshore helicopter operations - Bye RJ, Johnsen SO, Lillehammer G.
The accident levels in helicopter transportation vary between geographical regions and types of operations. In this paper, we develop some hypotheses regarding the factors that may explain this variation. The aim of this paper is to improve safety in helic... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Blog: The Windrush generation served us all and made our country a better place
This year our country celebrates two 70th anniversaries – the creation of the NHS and the arrival of SS Windrush at Tilbury Port. The two are intertwined and inseparable, with so many of the Windrush generation helping to build the health service that we all rely on. I am proud that Unison backed the Windrush campaign when many, including the Prime Minister, seemed unaware of the lives blighted and families placed under intolerable pressure. The Windrush generation served us all and made our country a better place. Many of them were members of Unison – working for the benefit of all of us in our town halls, sch...
Source: UNISON Health and safety news - April 18, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Dave Prentis Tags: General secretary's blog News immig Windrush Source Type: news

UNISON vows to step up fight against wholly owned subsidiaries
Health members in Brighton today voiced their anger at the increasing practice of NHS trusts in England to set up wholly owned subsidiary companies to provide support services, and voted to fight their spread. The practice is widely regarded as backdoor privatisation of health services – putting at risk the pay and conditions of thousands of NHS staff, particularly low-paid women, Black and disabled workers. The importance of the issue was reflected in the fact that nine bodies contributed to the the composite motion being debated. One delegate argued that wholly owned subsidiary companies represented “the bigg...
Source: UNISON Health and safety news - April 18, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Demetrios Matheou Tags: Article News 2018 Health Conference fighting cuts and privatisation in the NHS health care wholly owned subsidiaries Source Type: news

South Africa:Inter-Ministerial Committee On Payment of Ex-Mineworkers for Occupational Lung Diseases
[Govt of SA] The highest number of payments in a single month since the commencement of tracking and tracing project to compensate ex-mineworkers for occupational lung diseases (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 17, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Rapid access to treatment and rehabilitation for NHS staff.
Rapid access, often referred to as fast tracking, is a system which secures rehabilitation and occupational health treatment for NHS staff. This enables staff to remain in the workplace or enable a return to work which is, fast, practical, and reasonable. Our new and improved guidance provides advice and good practice examples for HR and occupational health professionals to design and manage rapid access services for staff in their organisation (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - April 17, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Back to Work After Esophagectomy?
(MedPage Today) -- Only 40% had full occupational recovery by 1 year (Source: MedPage Today Gastroenterology)
Source: MedPage Today Gastroenterology - April 16, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: news

Reflections on Big Data in Healthcare: Exploring Emerging Roles
In the NNLM Big Data in Healthcare: Exploring Emerging Roles course, we asked participants, as they progressed through the course to consider the following questions: Do you think health sciences librarians should get involved with big data in healthcare? Where should librarians get involved, if you think they should? If you think they should not, explain why. You may also combine a “should/should not” approach if you would like to argue both sides. NNLM will feature responses from different participants over the coming weeks. Written by: Nicole Montgomery, MISLT, AHIP, Librarian, Assistant Professor, CoxHealt...
Source: The Cornflower - April 16, 2018 Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Derek Johnson Tags: Data Science Big Data Source Type: news

Acute metam sodium poisoning caused by occupational exposure at a flower farm - Uganda, October 2016 - Nakubulwa S, Kusiima J, Kadobera D, Mutyoba JN, Ario AR, Zhu BP.
On October 25, 2016, media reports alerted the Uganda Ministry of Health to an outbreak of>80 cases of vomiting, syncope, and acute diarrhea among workers at a flower farm in central Uganda; 27 workers were hospitalized. On November 1, an investigation wa... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Hoarseness and vocal tract discomfort and associated risk factors in air traffic controllers - Korn GP, Villar AC, Azevedo RR.
INTRODUCTION: An air traffic controller is a professional who performs air traffic control functions in air traffic control units and is responsible for controlling the various stages of a flight. OBJECTIVE: To compare hoarseness and vocal tract di... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

How to act in case of a homicidal patient; a literature review and a practice guideline - Frelier BS, Holwerda TJ.
BACKGROUND: Death threats are common in the therapist's office. Many therapists don't know how to handle these. AIM: To provide background information and tools for the practitioner who receives a homicidal threat from a patient. METHOD: A system... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Implementation of safety management systems in Hong Kong construction industry - a safety practitioner's perspective - Yiu NSN, Sze NN, Chan DWM.
INTRODUCTION: In the 1980s, the safety management system (SMS) was introduced in the construction industry to mitigate against workplaces hazards, reduce the risk of injuries, and minimize property damage. Also, the Factories and Industrial Undertakings (S... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Narcissistic leaders and their victims: followers low on self-esteem and low on core self-evaluations suffer most - Nevicka B, De Hoogh AHB, Den Hartog DN, Belschak FD.
Narcissistic leaders are self-absorbed and hold beliefs of entitlement and superiority. Their aggressive tendencies in the face of criticism and inclinations to validate their self-worth by derogating others may lead others to perceive them as being abusiv... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Risperidone for psychosis-induced aggression or agitation (rapid tranquillisation) - Ostinelli EG, Hussein M, Ahmed U, Rehman FU, Miramontes K, Adams CE.
BACKGROUND: Aggressive, agitated or violent behaviour due to psychosis constitutes an emergency psychiatric treatment where fast-acting interventions are required. Risperidone is a widely accessible antipsychotic that can be used to manage psychosis-induce... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Safety climate and mindful safety practices in the oil and gas industry - Dahl Ø, Kongsvik T.
INTRODUCTION: The existence of a positive association between safety climate and the safety behavior of sharp-end workers in high-risk organizations is supported by a considerable body of research. Previous research has primarily analyzed two components of... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Workplace bullying in risk and safety professionals - Brewer G, Holt B, Malik S.
INTRODUCTION: Previous research demonstrates that workplace bullying impacts the welfare of victimized employees, with further consequences for the organization and profession. There is, however, a paucity of information relating to the bullying directed a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Workplace violence against nurses in Indonesian emergency departments - Noorana Zahra A, Feng JY.
The objective of this study was to examine the experiences of violent incidents by nurses in Indonesian emergency departments. METHOD: The World Health Organization's structured questionnaire on workplace violence in the health sector wa... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Information presentation through a head-worn display ("smart glasses") has a smaller influence on the temporal structure of gait variability during dual-task gait compared to handheld displays (paper-based system and smartphone) - Sedighi A, Ulman SM, Nussbaum MA.
The need to complete multiple tasks concurrently is a common occurrence both daily life and in occupational activities, which can often include simultaneous cognitive and physical demands. As one example, there is increasing availability of head-worn displ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Burnout among pilots: psychosocial factors related to happiness and score on simulator training - Demerouti E, Veldhuis W, Coombes C, Hunter R.
In this study among airline pilots, we aim to uncover the work characteristics (job demands and resources) and the outcomes (job crafting, happiness and simulator training performance) that are related to burnout for this occupational group. Using a large ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news