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Theories, methods and practices - a longitudinal spatial analysis of the (de)securitization of the insurgency threat in Russia - Snetkov A.
How do securitizing actors go about desecuritizing policy issues that have been securitized across multiple spatially bounded referent objects? Do such desecuritizations develop as a single or manifold process and with what political effect? And critically... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Violence and Weapons Issues Source Type: news

The role of genes and environments in linking the need to evaluate with political ideology and political extremity - Ksiazkiewicz A, Krueger RF.
Understanding the origins of political ideology and political extremity at the individual level is becoming increasingly pressing in the face of polarization in the political domain. Building upon the motivated social cognition model of political ideology,... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Violence and Weapons Issues Source Type: news

Terrorist group types and tactic choice - Ahmed R.
Using a new dataset, this study examines the role of ideology on specific operational decisions within terrorist groups, namely choice of tactic. Five groups are considered: nationalist/separatist, left wing, right wing, and environmental groups. This stud... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Violence and Weapons Issues Source Type: news

Targeting environmental infrastructures, international law, and civilians in the new Middle Eastern wars - Sowers JL, Weinthal E, Zawahri N.
Research in conflict studies and environmental security has largely focused on the mechanisms through which the environment and natural resources foster conflict or contribute to peacebuilding. An understudied area of research, however, concerns the ways i... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Violence and Weapons Issues Source Type: news

Trend of declining suicide mortality rate in Paran á, Brazil: contribution to public mental health policies - Rosa NM, Agnolo CMD, Oliveira RR, Mathias TAF.
OBJECTIVE To analyze the trend of suicide mortality in Paraná State, Brazil. Methods Ecological, time series study, with analysis of trend of suicide mortality in Paraná State, Brazil, using data of the Mortality Information System from 1996 to... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Suicide mortality according to methods used in Paran á State: an epidemiological analysis - Rosa NM, Oliveira RR, Arruda GO, Mathias TAF.
OBJECTIVE To analyze the epidemiological distribution of suicide mortality, according to the methods used in the state of Paraná. Methods This is a descriptive study of suicide mortality and methods used in Health Macro-regional of residence lis... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Suicide in Portugal: image of the country - Nunes AM.
OBJECTIVE To identify patterns of suicide trends registered in Portugal, taking into account a set of socio-economic and demographic variables between the years 2007 and 2014 in order to obtain an overview of this scourge in Portugal. Methods Usi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Mortality trend due to intentionally self-inflicted injuries in Brazil from 2004 to 2014 - Pinto LLT, Meira SS, Ribeiro JS, Nery AA, Casotti CA.
OBJECTIVE To analyze mortality trends by intentionally self-inflicted injuries according to the age groups and regions of Brazil. Methods This is an epidemiological study, ecological type of temporal series, using data from the Mortality Informat... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Does prior contact with police reduce the likelihood of suicide? Examining the predictive ability of different incident types and the interaction effects - Walton D, Li J, Barnes S, Newcombe R.
This study explores the relationship between prior contact with the police as a victim or person at risk and death by suicide. FINDINGS from this study will improve our understanding of the role the police can have in preventing suicide. The sample... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Airport environment and passengers' satisfaction with safety - Ceccato V, Masci S.
The objective of this article is to report patterns of passenger's satisfaction with their safety at an international European airport.1 The study is based on an analysis of a 2014-2015 passenger safety survey with particular focus on the impact of the air... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Risk Perception and Communication, Warnings, Operating Instructions Source Type: news

Suicide among physicians and methodological similarities of MEDLINE/PubMED and BVS/BIREME open access bibliographic databases: a systematic review with metanalysis - Damasceno KS, de Sousa Barbosa, Pimentel JVC, J únior AGT, de Meneses ACP, Júnior JG, de Sousa DF, da Costa Lima PS, Sales IB, Gouveia AS, Biruel EP, Neto MLR, do Nascimento VB.
BACKGROUND: Suicide among physicians is a serious public health issue, with an extremely complex and multifactorial behavior. AIM: The aim of this study was to use the theme "Suicide among Physicians" to exemplify the analysis of methodological sim... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Race counts: racial and ethnic data on the U.S. census and the implications for tracking inequality - Strmic-Pawl HV, Jackson BA, Garner S.
This article is a critical review of racial and ethnic categories on the U.S. Census with a focus on how the census categories affect opportunities to track racial and ethnic inequality. The authors summarize how motivations behind the census categories ch... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Identification of aspects associated with attempted suicide by poisoning - Santos MSP, Silva TPS, Pires CMC, Ramos PGX, Sougey EB.
OBJECTIVE To identify psychiatric conditions and socio-bio-demographic aspects associated with attempted suicide. Methods The sample consisted of 240 patients of both sexes, aged 18 to 68 years, 120 patients comprised the control group and the ex... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Poisoning Source Type: news

Open minds, open spaces: mind-set changes during urban walking - Salin O, Pesso K.
Our interest in this article is to explore how people reshape their mind-sets during walking in different urban places and spaces in the city. We argue that mind-set changes are socially mediated in relation to specific environments. Mentally closed enviro... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Pedestrians and Bicycles Source Type: news

Contemporary meanings of the 'sustainable city': a comparative review of the French- and English-language literature - Hamman P, Anquetin V, Monicolle C.
This paper analyses the repertoire of the 'sustainable city' by conducting a comparative review of the French- and English-language literature. Some use this language for its practical impact regarding urban policies; others criticize it as a tool for legi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Pedestrians and Bicycles Source Type: news

Trends in measurement models and methods in understanding occupational health psychology - Tetrick LE.
Measurement of occupational health psychology constructs is the cornerstone to developing our understanding of occupational health and safety. It also is critical in the design, evaluation, and implementation of interventions to improve employees and organ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Throwing a chair could save officers' lives during room entries - Blair JP, Martaindale MH.
Law enforcement officers are sometimes required to perform building searches and room entries to search for, or apprehend, suspects. There have been several instances where officers have been shot while performing a room entry. To date, no research has sou... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

The police patrol rifle: training standards in American law enforcement agencies - Phillips SW, Jarvis JP.
This work focuses upon the training associated with patrol rifles in American police agencies. Patrol rifles are the firearms most commonly employed by tactical units, but are now often carried by police officers in their patrol cars. The inevitability the... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Pointless diversity training: unconscious bias, new racism and agency - Noon M.
The latest fashion of 'unconscious bias training' is a diversity intervention based on unproven suppositions and is unlikely to help eliminate racism in the workplace. Knowing about bias does not automatically result in changes in behaviour by managers and... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Hospital security director background, opinions, and the implementation of security programs - Blando JD, Ridenour ML, Hartley D, Nocera M.
Effective security is crucial to the functioning of a hospital because it impacts patient care, employee satisfaction and turnover, and patient confidence in the healthcare facility to provide a safe environment for medical care. A survey was conducted of ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

An assessment of the relationship between private security companies and the police in crime prevention in Lagos Metropolis, Nigeria - Chinwokwu EC.
This study examined the relationship between private security companies (PSCs) and the police during crime prevention in Lagos Metropolis, Nigeria. The study elicited data from 1500 randomly selected respondents to a self-administered survey. Data were fur... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

A before-after study of the impact of a road safety training program on professional drivers - Adamos G, Nathanail E.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

The role of evaluation mode on the unit effect - Schley DR, Lembregts C, Peters E.
Recent research on the unit effect has suggested that consumers tend to ignore relevant unit information and over-rely on numeric magnitudes in judgments (e.g., perceiving the difference between 700 and 900 on a 1000-point quality scale to be larger than t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Media, Marketing, and Internet Issues Source Type: news

"Breaking bad" contracts: bargaining for masculinity in popular culture - Ledwon L.
This Article examines the award-winning television show, Breaking Bad, to illustrate how the idea of a contract in popular culture can become inflected with a style of retrograde masculinity. Deals in Breaking Bad take place in the classic contract imagina... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Media, Marketing, and Internet Issues Source Type: news

You can't fix what you don't look at: acknowledging race in addressing racial discipline disparities - Carter PL, Skiba R, Arredondo MI, Pollock M.
Racial/ethnic stereotypes are deep rooted in our history; among these, the dangerous Black male stereotype is especially relevant to issues of differential school discipline today. Although integration in the wake of Brown v. Board of Education was intende... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Wicked overseers: American policing and colonialism - Steinmetz KF, Schaefer BP, Henderson H.
In recent times, several tragic events have brought attention to the relationship between policing and racial/ethnic minorities in the United States. Scholars, activists, and pundits have clamored to explain tensions that have arisen from these police-rela... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Why punishment pleases: punitive feelings in a world of hostile solidarity - Carvalho H, Chamberlen A.
The argument advanced in this paper is that the motivation to punish relies on punishment producing a kind of solidarity that allows individuals to pursue emotional release together with a sense of belonging, without having to question or address why it is... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

The rhetoric of abolition: continuity and change in the struggle against America's death penalty, 1900-2010 - Sarat A, Kermes R, Cambra H, Curran A, Kiley M, Pant K.
This article seeks to understand when, how, and where the framing of arguments against capital punishment has changed. While others have focused exclusively on the national level, we studied the framing of abolitionist arguments in three American states: C... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

The American death penalty decline - Garrett BL, Jakubow A, Desai A.
American death sentences have both declined and become concentrated in a small group of counties. In his dissenting opinion in Glossip v. Gross in 2014, Justice Stephen Breyer highlighted how from 2004 to 2006, "just 29 counties (fewer than 1% of counties ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Survey the concepts of virginity and its pathology - Mehri R, Masoumeh S, Fatemeh N, Jaber G, Abooali V, Ali EM, Asieh J.
This study is aimed to investigate the co... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Revisiting the public safety exception to Miranda for suspected terrorists: Dzhokhar Tsarnaev and the bombing of the 2013 Boston Marathon - Lonky H.
This Comment examines the application of the public safety exception to Miranda to cases of domestic terrorism, looking particularly at the case of Dzhokhar Tsarnaev and the 2013 Boston Marathon bombing. By comparing the Department of Justice's War on Terr... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Revisiting broken windows: the role of neighborhood and individual characteristics in reaction to disorder cues - V ölker B.
The influential 'broken windows' theory proposes that disorder cues in neighborhoods trigger littering and other antisocial behavior. Until now, the theory has been empirically tested only on a small scale and restricted to just one specific area. In this ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Responding to globalization and urban conflict: human rights city initiatives - Smith J.
Expanding globalization and urbanization have intensified the threats to human rights for many vulnerable groups and have restricted resources available to the primary guarantors of these rights--local authorities. Human rights cities initiatives are botto... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

On the recent attacks and violence toward progressive scholars - Embrick DG, Brunsma DL.
The past few years have seen a remarkable rise in the volume and intensity of attacks on progressive scholars, in particular scholars of color, and even more particularly progressive scholars of color whose work critically investigate extant intersectional... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

On demons and dreamers: violence, silence and the politics of impunity in the Brazilian Truth Commission - Furtado H.
Measures towards post-conflict or post-authoritarian justice have historically relied on the merging of the concepts of silence, violence and impunity in order to create a single promise of justice. Scholars and practitioners in the field usually defend a ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Militarism and security: dialogue, possibilities and limits - Stavrianakis A, Stern M.
While attention to security has grown exponentially over the last few decades, militarism - the preparation for and normalization and legitimation of war - has not received the widespread and sustained focus it warrants in mainstream or critical circles. R... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Methods for predicting offender's criminal history in single homicide cases: comparison of logistic regression analysis and decision trees - 祐輔, 一樹, 賀英子, 和美, 妙子.
The present study compared decision tree analysis to logistic regression analysis in order to investigate whether decision tree analysis has sufficient ability to construct a model that predicts offender characteristics from the crime scene and/or victim i... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Impact of traffic enforcement on traffic safety - Rezapour Mashhadi MM, Saha P, Ksaibati K.
Motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) have a huge cost to society in terms of death, injury and property damage. The cost of fatal MVCs alone is estimated at US $44 billion per year. Among many confounding factors, traffic citations as an element that may reduce MV... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

How rape myths are used and challenged in rape and sexual assault trials - Smith O, Skinner T.
Court responses to rape and sexual assault have been repeatedly criticized in England and Wales (Brown et al., 2010). In particular, research has identified prevalent stereotypes about rape in both the criminal justice system and wider society, with these ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Examining jurors: applying conversation analysis to voir dire in capital cases, a first look - O'Brien B, Grosso CM, Taylor AP.
This study of jury selection for 792 potential jurors across twelve randomly selected North Carolina c... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Evaluating the inter-rater reliability of the Violence Risk Scale - Sexual Offense Version (VRS-SO) in a community-based treatment setting - Howell MJ, Beggs Christofferson SM, Olver ME.
METHODS to assess risk of reoffending and guide rehabilitation efforts for offenders have been evolving over several decades, resulting in the development of a number of specialised tools. Evaluating the validity and reliability of these tools across conte... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

A right to know how you'll die: a First Amendment challenge to state secrecy statutes regarding lethal injection drugs - Mennemeier KA.
In the years since 2008, when the Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of a commonly used lethal injection protocol in Baze v. Rees, states have shifted away from the approved protocol and turned towards new drugs, drug protocols, and drug sources to... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

A survey on the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among perpetrators of murder referred to the psychiatric commission of the legal medicine center of Khorasan Razavi from March 2013 to March 2015 - Hamid A, Laleh K, Zahra ETN, Arya HS, Akram F, Zohre BS.
Introduction& objectives: The present study was conducted with the aim of determining the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among murderers who were referred to the Psychiatric Commission of the Legal Medicine Office of Mashhad, Khorasan Razavi, for eval... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

UAS to support airport safety and operations: opportunities and challenges - Hubbard S, Pak A, Gu Y, Jin Y.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Survey of sUAS unintended flight termination as depicted in internet video - Fernando AV.
Studies of accidents involving large and military unmanned aerial vehicles have demonstrated that these are largely due to equipment failure. In many cases, accidents involving small unmanned aerial systems (sUAS) do not reach damage or injury thresholds w... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Seismic reliability evaluation of gas supply networks based on the probability density evolution method - Liu W, Li Z, Song Z, Li J.
This study takes gas supply networks as examples and establishes an approach to eval... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

On vibration-based damage detection by multivariate statistical techniques: application to a long-span arch bridge - Comanducci G, Magalh ães F, Ubertini F, Cunha.
Structural health monitoring allows the automated condition assessment of civil infrastructure, leading to a cost-effective management of maintenance activities. However, there is still a debate in the literature about the effectiveness of available signal... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Impacts of design exceptions on highway safety - Stamatiadis N, Psarianos B.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Frontal collision of trains onto obliquely stuck road trucks at level crossings: derailment mechanisms and simulation - Ling L, Dhanasekar M, Thambiratnam DP.
Road trucks stuck obliquely across rail tracks in level crossings and collided by trains are common occurrences; such scenarios are used in the assessment of crashworthiness of locomotives. With the ongoing increase in mass of the road trucks, these incide... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Estimating spatially varying event rates with a change point using Bayesian statistics: application to induced seismicity - Gupta A, Baker JW.
We describe a model to estimate event rates of a non-homogeneous spatio-temporal Poisson process. A Bayesian change point model is described to detect changes in temporal rates. The model is used to estimate whether a change in event rates occurred for a p... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news