External human-machine interfaces can be misleading: an examination of trust development and misuse in a CAVE-based pedestrian simulation environment - Kaleefathullah AA, Merat N, Lee YM, Eisma YB, Madigan R, Garcia J, Winter J.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate pedestrians' misuse of an automated vehicle (AV) equipped with an external human-machine interface (eHMI). Misuse occurs when a pedestrian enters the road because of uncritically following the eHMI's message. BACKGROUND: Human... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Experimental sleep loss, racial bias, and the decision criterion to shoot in the Police Officer's Dilemma task - Scullin MK, Hebl MR, Corrington A, Nguyen S.
Violent behavior, police brutality, and racial discrimination are currently at the forefront of society's attention, and they should be. We investigated whether mild sleep loss-as typical for many adults throughout the work week-could aggravate the socio-e... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Excessive daytime sleepiness and associations with sleep-related motor vehicle accidents: results from a nationwide survey - AlShareef SM.
The objective of this study was to investigate how sleep quality and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Fire regimes are linked to precipitation patterns in the Southeastern U.S - Fill JM, Crandall RM.
Regional fire regimes, as well as their effects, are influenced by precipitation patterns, including amount and variability. Terando et al. (2020) disagreed that there is precipitation seasonality in the southeastern United States outside of Peninsular Flo... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Field methods to quantify emergency responder fatigue: lessons learned from sUAS deployment at the 2018 Kilauea Volcano eruption - Mehta RK, Nuamah J, Peres SC, Murphy RR.
TECHNICAL ABSTRACT: Background: Small unmanned aerial systems (sUAS), which provide remote presence at disasters, are teleoperated by emergency responders who experience elevated fatigue levels exacerbated by disrupted sleep/rest schedule as a mission unfo... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Establishment and test results of an artificial intelligence burn depth recognition model based on convolutional neural network - He ZY, Wang Y, Zhang PH, Zuo K, Liang PF, Zeng JZ, Zhou ST, Guo L, Huang MT, Cui X.
OBJECTIVE: To establish an artificial intelligence burn depth recognition model based on convolutional neural network, and to test its effectiveness. METHODS: In this evaluation study on diagnostic test, 484 wound photos of 221 burn patients in Xia... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Epidemiology of blast neurotrauma: a meta analysis of blast injury patterns in the military and civilian populations - Tovar MA, Bell RS, Neal CJ.
unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Examining the temporality of vitamin E acetate in illicit THC-containing e-cigarette, or vaping, products from a public health and law enforcement response to EVALI - Utah, 2018-2020 - Arons MM, Barnes SR, Cheng R, Whittle K, Elsholz C, Bui D, Gilley S, Maldonado A, LaCross N, Sage K, Lewis N, McCaffrey K, Green J, Duncan J, Dunn AC.
BACKGROUND: In the summer of 2019, e-cigarette, or vaping, product use-associated lung injury (EVALI) was detected in the United States. Multiple agencies reported illicit tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)-containing e-cigarette, or vaping, products containing vi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

The epidemiology of fractures and muskulo-skeletal traumas during CoViD-19 lockdown: a detailed survey of 17.591 patients in a wide Italian metropolitan area - Dolci A, Marongiu G, Leinardi L, Lombardo M, Dess ì G, Capone A.
INTRODUCTION: On 9 March 2020 the Italian Government declared a national lockdown to curb the spread of Covid-19. The aim of our study was to analyze the effects of such intervention on the traumatological emergency service, with particular emphasis on var... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Evidence on physical activity and falls prevention for people aged 65+ years: systematic review to inform the WHO guidelines on physical activity and sedentary behaviour - Sherrington C, Fairhall N, Kwok W, Wallbank G, Tiedemann A, Michaleff ZA, Ng CACM, Bauman A.
BACKGROUND: Exercise prevents falls in older adults. Regular updates of estimated effects of exercise on falls are warranted given the number of new trials, the increasing number of older people globally and the major consequences of falls and fall-related... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Epidemiology of geriatric trauma patients in Norway: a nationwide analysis of Norwegian Trauma Registry data, 2015-2018. A retrospective cohort study - Cuevas- Østrem M, Røise O, Wisborg T, Jeppesen E.
INTRODUCTION: Geriatric patients have a high risk of poor outcomes after trauma and is a rapid-increasing group within the trauma population. Given the need to ensure that the trauma system is targeted, efficient, accessible, safe and responsive to all age... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Depression is associated with impulse-compulsive behaviors in Parkinson's disease - Santos-Garc ía D, de Deus Fonticoba T, Cores Bartolomé C, Suárez Castro E, Jesús S, Mir P, Pascual-Sedano B, Pagonabarraga J, Kulisevsky J, Hernández-Vara J, Planellas LL, Cabo-López I, Seijo-Martinez M, Legarda I, Carrillo Padilla F, Caballol N, Cubo E, Nogueira V, Alonso Losada MG, López Ariztegui N, G onzález Aramburu I, García Caldentey J, Borrue C, Valero C, Sánchez Alonso P, COPPADIS Study Group.
BACKGROUND: Depression and impulse control disorders (ICDs) are both common in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients and their coexistence is frequent. Our aim was to determine the relationship between depression and impulsive-compulsive behaviors (ICBs) in a ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Field assessment of a safe sleep instrument using smartphone technology - Nabaweesi R, Whiteside-Mansell L, Mullins SH, Rettiganti MR, Aitken ME.
INTRODUCTION: Sudden unexpected infant death is the leading cause of infant mortality with black: white infant mortality remaining at 2:1 for the last decade. Smartphone technology provides a convenient and accessible tool for injury prevention anticipator... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Factors affecting psychological health and suicidal behavior: based on a survey of 10 340 medical students from three universities - Chen J, Geng R.
OBJECTIVE: To explore the factors influencing mental health and suicidal behaviors of medical students and provide a scientific basis for improving their mental health and reducing their suicidal behaviors. METHODS: We conducted a questionnaire-based s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation among Vietnamese students aged 13-17: results from a cross-sectional study throughout four geographical regions of Vietnam - Tran QA, Le VTH, Nguyen THD.
We conducted a cross-sectional study in four provinces located in four different geographical areas in Vietnam to examine the prevalence and associated factors of depression and suicide ideation among school students aged 13-17. A sample of 6407 students f... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Physiological measurements of situation awareness: a systematic review - Zhang T, Yang J, Liang N, Pitts BJ, Prakah-Asante KO, Curry R, Duerstock BS, Wachs JP, Yu D.
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this review is to investigate the relationship between indirect physiological measurements and direct measures of situation awareness (SA). BACKGROUND: Assessments of SA are often performed using techniques designed specifically ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Human responses to visually evoked threat - Yilmaz Balban M, Cafaro E, Saue-Fletcher L, Washington MJ, Bijanzadeh M, Lee AM, Chang EF, Huberman AD.
Vision is the primary sense humans use to evaluate and respond to threats. Understanding the biological underpinnings of the human threat response has been hindered by lack of realistic in-lab threat paradigms. We established an immersive virtual reality (... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

In the hands of a few: disaster recovery committee networks - Fraser T, Aldrich DP, Small A, Littlejohn A.
When disaster strikes, urban planners often rely on feedback and guidance from committees of officials, residents, and interest groups when crafting reconstruction policy. Focusing on recovery planning committees after Japan's 2011 earthquake, tsunami, and... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Community-Based Prevention Source Type: news

"Time to try something new" - professionals' experiences and reflections on suicide prevention in  Norway - Espeland K, Knizek BL, Hjelmeland H.
BACKGROUND: The suicide rate in Norway has remained relatively stable despite 25 years of government-funded suicide prevention efforts. AIM: We aimed to gather experiences of the professionals responsible for implementing suicide prevention action ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

Torture-induced hand electrical injury: a case report - Alqassab S, Mathieu L.
The authors report an unusual case of hand electrical injury related to torture in a war refugee. The patient was referred for the reconstruction of bilateral hand function several years after being tortured. He presented with severe hand contractures comb... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Research advances on depression and anxiety disorders in burn patients - Tian BW, Sun YX.
As a stressor, burn not only causes physical damage to the patient, but also causes depression and anxiety, which is not conducive to the rehabilitation and restoration of normal life of the patient. The results of studies on the incidence of depression an... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder among firefighters in Iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis - Sahebi A, Yousefi K, Moayedi S, Golitaleb N, Esmaeili Vardanjani A, Golitaleb M.
OBJECTIVE: Firefighters are exposed to many different chemicals and physical hazards and experience a significant number of accidents and injuries. They are exposed to high-risk of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The purpose of this study was to dete... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Prevalence of mental ill-health in a cohort of first responders attending the Fort McMurray fire - Cherry N, Galarneau JM, Melnyk A, Patten S.
OBJECTIVES: The study was designed to estimate the prevalence of mental disorders in a cohort of firefighters who had been deployed to a devastating fire in Fort McMurray, Alberta, in 2016. METHODS: A cohort of firefighters was established and followed... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Negative emotionality interacts with trauma exposure to prospectively predict posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms during firefighters' first 3 years of service - Meyer EC, Zimering RT, Knight J, Morissette SB, Kamholz BW, Coe E, Carpenter TP, Keane TM, Kimbrel NA, Gulliver SB.
Firefighters (FFs) protect the public despite significant risks to their health and well-being stemming from frequent trauma exposure and other occupational stressors. A minority of FFs develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or related mental health ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Narrative discourse of burn injury and recovery on peer support websites: a qualitative analysis - Cristall NMSW, Kohja Z, Gawaziuk JP, Spiwak R, Logsetty S.
Although advances have been made in burn care and recovery, less is known about the experience of living with severe burn injury. Like other patient groups, burn survivors are now turning to social media and shared web-based peer support resources during r... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Impact of the affordable care act's Medicaid expansion on burn outcomes and disposition - Oh J, Fernando A, Sibbett S, Carrougher GJ, Stewart BT, Mandell SP, Pham TN, Gibran NS.
BACKGROUND: We aimed to analyze the impact of the Affordable Care Act's Medicaid Expansion on clinical outcomes and patient disposition after burn injury. We hypothesized that increased insurance coverage results in improved outcomes and higher rates of di... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Fire weather effects on flammability of indigenous and invasive alien plants in coastal fynbos and thicket shrublands (Cape Floristic Region) - Msweli ST, Potts AJ, Fritz H, Kraaij T.
BACKGROUND: Globally, and in the Cape Floristic Region of South Africa, extreme fires have become more common in recent years. Such fires pose societal and ecological threats and have inter alia been attributed to climate change and modification of fuels d... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Violence, drugs, and psychiatric disorders: news from the Brazilian press - Souza J, Almeida LY, Oliveira JL, Cazella LG, Guiral ECVS, Gaino LV, Strobbe S.
The aim of this study is to describe the way that the Brazilian press reports on episodes of violence involving people with substance-related problems or psychiatric disorders. To develop this documentary study, we analyzed news reports from September 2009... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

The HEALing (Helping to End Addiction Long-term SM) Communities Study: protocol for a cluster randomized trial at the community level to reduce opioid overdose deaths through implementation of an integrated set of evidence-based practices - HEALing Communities Study Consortium.
BACKGROUND: Opioid overdose deaths remain high in the U.S. Despite having effective interventions to prevent overdose deaths, there are numerous barriers that impede their adoption. The primary aim of the HEALing Communities Study (HCS) is to determine the... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Sudanese medical students' perceptions of psychoactive substance use - Ibn Auf A, Alnor MA.
BACKGROUND: Psychoactive substance use is a significant problem and the perception of physicians and medical students for this problem is important since it may affect their behavior regarding managing patients who suffer from substance-related problems. T... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Risk factors for penile fracture compared with a surgical control cohort in the United States: the role of substance abuse - Christian-Miller N, Lenis AT, Fero KE, Madrigral J, Eleswarapu SV, Chamie K, Benharash P.
Penile fracture (PF) is a surgical emergency. Given its rarity, we queried a national cohort over an 11-year period to study the temporal and demographic variations in presentation, evaluation, and management of patients with PF compared with a cohort of c... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Prevalence and correlates of cannabis use in Massachusetts after cannabis legalization and before retail sales - Evans EA, Goldwater E, Stanek EJ, Brierley-Bowers P, Buchanan D, Whitehill JM.
We determined the prevalence and correlates of cannabis use in Massachusetts after recreational use was passed, but before recreational cannabis stores opened. A cross-sectional, population-based survey of Massachusetts adults, age 18  years or older, (n ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Genetic overlap and causality between substance use disorder and attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder - Vilar-Rib ó L, Sánchez-Mora C, Rovira P, Richarte V, Corrales M, Fadeuilhe C, Arribas L, Casas M, Ramos-Quiroga JA, Ribasés M, Soler Artigas M.
Substance use disorder (SUD) often co-occur at high prevalence with other psychiatric conditions. Among them, attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is present in almost one out of every four subjects with SUD and is associated with higher sev... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

From drugs to peace? Resetting the conversation - Pearce J.
The militarised approach to drugs supply continues to predominate, despite a new emphasis on drugs, peace and development. This viewpoint argues that the drugs road which often begins in peripheral, war torn or recovering, supply, processing and transport ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

"I couldn't live with killing one of my friends or anybody": a rapid ethnographic study of drug sellers' use of drug checking - Betsos A, Valleriani J, Boyd J, Bardwell G, Kerr T, McNeil R.
INTRODUCTION: Drug sellers are often represented as morally bereft actors and as being, in part, responsible for North America's overdose crisis. In Canada and the United States, drug sellers selling fentanyl and fentanyl-adulterated drugs have been charge... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Risk of toxicity from pediatric topical salicylate ingestions - Arriola K, Cantrell L.
INTRODUCTION: Suspected pediatric ingestions of greater than or equal to one teaspoon topical salicylate analgesic are recommended by poison control centers to be managed at healthcare facilities. This cutoff is applied for both liquid and non-liquid (crea... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Parenting behavior at 18 months predicts internalizing and externalizing problems at 6 years in moderately preterm and full term children - Oosterom L, Bogi čević L, Verhoeven M, van Baar AL.
Moderately preterm born children (MPT) are at increased risk for behavior problems compared to full term born (FT) children. MPT children may receive less optimal parenting, and in response, may develop behavior problems. Our aims were to examine whether p... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

National expert consensus on psychological rehabilitation of burn children (2020 version) - Burn and Trauma Branch of Chinese Geriatrics Society.
The incidence of psychological stress and disorder in children after burns is high, and the mental health status highly affects the lifesaving, wound repair, and functional and psychological rehabilitation of the children. At present, the psychological dis... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Mobile home residence as a risk factor for adverse events among children in a mixed rural-urban community: a case for geospatial analysis - Patel AA, Wheeler PH, Wi CI, Derauf C, Ryu E, Zahrieh D, Bjur KA, Juhn YJ.
BACKGROUND: Given the significant health effects, we assessed geospatial patterns of adverse events (AEs), defined as physical or sexual abuse and accidents or poisonings at home, among children in a mixed rural-urban community. Methods: We conducted a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Influence of weather conditions on children's school travel mode and physical activity in three diverse regions of Canada - Blanchette S, Larouche R, Tremblay MS, Faulkner G, Riazi NA, Trudeau F.
Children who engage in active school transportation (AST) have higher levels of physical activity (PA). Climate and weather were shown to influence adults' daily travel behaviours, but their influence on children's AST and PA has been less examined. This s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

"This is not your Life …and it becomes your Life": a qualitative exploration of deployment-related stress and support needs in National Guard and Reserve spouses who are mothers of young children - Ross AM, Devoe ER, Steketee G, Spencer R, Richter M.
The adverse effects of deployment-related stress (DRS) on military service members, spouses, and children are well documented. FINDINGS from a recent Consensus Report on Military Families by the National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medic... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

What is the best definition of polypharmacy for predicting falls, hospitalizations, and mortality in long-term care facilities? - Wang KN, Tan ECK, Ilom äki J, Gilmartin-Thomas JFM, Sluggett JK, Cooper T, Robson L, Bell JS.
Residents of long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are exposed to polypharmacy. There is a possible association between polypharmacy and falls, hospitalizations, and mortality. Polypharmacy definition ranges between the use of more than 2 to 11 medications. Th... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Suicide and suicide attempts in the elderly patients: an epidemiological analysis of risk factors and prevention - Makara-Studzi ńska M, Somasundaram SG, Halicka J, Madej A, Leszek J, Rehan M, Ashraf GM, Gavryushova LV, Nikolenko VN, Mikhaleva LM, Muresanu C, Kirkland CE, Avila-Rodriguez M, Aliev G.
Some elderly commit suicide due to the interaction of various factors including, for example, feelings of loneliness, financial distress, alcohol abuse, chronic pain, progressive diseases, and personality disorders. The data from the EU countries with the ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Relationships of the stand-up time to falls and fractures in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: results from the CHIKARA study - Tada M, Yamada Y, Mandai K, Hidaka N.
AIM: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have a higher risk of falls and fractures due to muscle weakness and painful joints of the lower extremities. Evaluation of muscle functions is important to predict falls and fractures. The aim was to investigat... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Preparedness and response activities of the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) home-based primary care program around the fall 2017 hurricane season - Wyte-Lake T, Der-Martirosian C, Chu K, Johnson-Koenke R, Dobalian A.
BACKGROUND: Large-scale natural disasters disproportionally affect both the medically complex and the older old, groups that are responsible for most medical surge after a disaster. To understand how to ameliorate this surge, we examined the activities of ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Polypharmacy is a risk factor for hospital admission due to a fall: evidence from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing - Zaninotto P, Huang YT, Di Gessa G, Abell J, Lassale C, Steptoe A.
BACKGROUND: Falls amongst older people are common; however, around 40% of falls could be preventable. Medications are known to increase the risk of falls in older adults. The debate about reducing the number of prescribed medications remains controversial,... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Meeting compliance under Medicare and Medicaid emergency preparedness Final Rule requirements - Walsh JJ.
Nursing home residents experience death and injury at a disproportionately higher rate than other populations during and after a disaster. This paper addresses the complex chronic conditions of vulnerable residents that will become even more challenging du... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Hip fracture volume does not change at a New York City Level 1 trauma center during a period of social distancing - Haskel JD, Lin CC, Kaplan DJ, Dankert JF, Merkow D, Crespo A, Behery O, Ganta A, Konda SR.
PURPOSE: To characterize the volume and variation in orthopedic consults and surgeries that took place during a period of social distancing and pandemic. Methods: All orthopedic consults and surgeries at an urban level 1 trauma center from 3/22/20-4/30... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Handgrip strength asymmetry is associated with future falls in older Americans - McGrath R, Clark BC, Cesari M, Johnson C, Jurivich DA.
BACKGROUND: Examining handgrip strength (HGS) asymmetry could extend the utility of handgrip dynamometers for screening future falls. AIMS: We sought to determine the associations of HGS asymmetry on future falls in older Americans. METHODS: The an... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Witnessing parental violence and cyber IPV perpetration in Hispanic emerging adults: the mediating role of attitudes toward IPV - Cano-Gonzalez I, Charak R, Gilbar O, Vi ñas-Racionero R, Strait MK.
Recent studies indicate that the perpetration of intimate partner violence via cyberspaces (cyber IPV), namely, psychological aggression, sexual aggression, and cyberstalking is high among emerging adults. However, little is known of the risk factors that ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news