God or country? Fusion with Judaism predicts desire for retaliation following Palestinian Stabbing Intifada - Fredman LA, Bastian B, Swann WB.
Research indicates that existential threat may motivate in-group members to retaliate against out-group members. Less is known about the impact of alignment with one's religious or national group on retaliatory activity. We addressed this deficiency in a l... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Violence and Weapons Issues Source Type: news

Battle of wits: warfare cues and political orientation modulate the perceived intellect of allies versus adversaries - Holbrook C, L ópez-Rodríguez L, Gómez.
Political conservatism and threat salience have been consistently associated with intergroup bias. However, prior research has not examined potential effects of conservatism and/or threat on the attribution of relative in-group/out-group intelligence. In a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Violence and Weapons Issues Source Type: news

Research progress of the effects on suicide ideation of depression patients - Zhang W, Li W.
This article will focus on the psychosocial factors and biological factors of sui... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Neuroticism and suicidal thoughts: a meta-analytic study - Garc ía Herrero AM, Sánchez-Meca J, Álvarez Muñoz FJ, Rubio-Aparicio M, Navarro-Mateu F.
The objectives of this study were to estimate the magnitude and direction of the association between neuroticism and suicide id... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Anhedonia and suicidal thoughts and behaviors in psychiatric outpatients: the role of acuity - Hawes M, Galynker I, Barzilay S, Yaseen ZS.
BACKGROUND: Anhedonia-impairment related to the experience of pleasure-has been identified as a potential risk factor for suicide, with some mixed findings. The current study sought to clarify the role of acuity of anhedonia in the relationship between anh... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Age at onset of first suicide attempt: exploring the utility of a potential candidate variable to subgroup attempters - Menon V, Kattimani S, Sarkar S, Sathyanarayanan G, Subramanian K, Velusamy SK.
PURPOSE: Our objective was to explore the utility of age at first suicide attempt in identifying subgroups of suicide attempters. METHODS: In a retrospective study design, we collected information from the clinical charts of 895 patients assessed o... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Race, emotional reliance, and mental health - Erving CL, Thomas CS.
Prior research shows that emotional reliance, an indicator of interpersonal dependence, is an important psychosocial risk factor for mental health problems. However, few have considered black-white differences in emotional reliance or the role it may play ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Social Etiologies and Disparities Source Type: news

Concurrent adversities and deliberate self-harm among indigenous Sami and majority Norwegian adolescents: the Norwegian Arctic Adolescent Health Study - Reigstad B, Kvernmo S.
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated proximal relationships between deliberate self-harm (DSH) and concurrent adversities. Objective: We aimed to investigate these relationships in a community population of 4881 indigenous Sami and majority No... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Social Etiologies and Disparities Source Type: news

Facial emotion recognition in violent men - Švegar D, Horvat K, Kardum I.
The goal of this study was to explore the ability of violent men to recognise facial affect. In contrast to traditional approaches to this research question, we took the effects of the models' sex and different types of violent behaviour into consideration... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Sensing and Response Issues Source Type: news

Experiences of justice in school and attitudes towards democracy: a matter of social exchange? - Pretsch J, Ehrhardt-Madapathi N.
In a democratic society, school has the goal to foster democratic attitudes in students. Besides explicit attempts to do so, justice experiences in school may be crucial to develop positive attitudes towards democracy. Therefore, we studied the relationshi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: School Issues Source Type: news

Enhanced switching and familial susceptibility for psychosis - Sabb FW, Hellemann G, Allen NB, Bearden CE.
INTRODUCTION: Working Memory and Task-Switching are essential components of cognitive control, which underlies many symptoms evident across multiple neuropsychiatric disorders, including psychotic and mood disorders. Vulnerability to these disorders has a ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Risk Perception and Communication, Warnings, Operating Instructions Source Type: news

Would you deliver an electric shock in 2015? Obedience in the experimental paradigm developed by Stanley Milgram in the 50 years following the original studies - Doli ński D, Grzyb T, Folwarczny M, Grzybała P, Krzyszycha K, Martynowska K, Trojanowski J.
In spite of the over 50 years which have passed since the original experiments conducted by Stanley Milgram on obedience, these experiments are still considered a turning point in our thinking about the role of the situation in human behavior. While ethica... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Communication quality between the medical team and the head coach/manager is associated with injury burden and player availability in elite football clubs - Ekstrand J, Lundqvist D, Davison M, D'Hooghe M, Pensgaard AM.
OBJECTIVES: We investigated medical staff interpretations and descriptions of internal communication quality in elite football (soccer) teams to determine whether internal communication was correlated with injuries and/or player availability at training an... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Recreational and Sports Issues Source Type: news

Network changes associated with transdiagnostic depressive symptom improvement following cognitive behavioral therapy in MDD and PTSD - Yang Z, Gu S, Honnorat N, Linn KA, Shinohara RT, Aselcioglu I, Bruce S, Oathes DJ, Davatzikos C, Satterthwaite TD, Bassett DS, Sheline YI.
In this study, we applied tools from graph theory and network science to better understand the trans... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

Does CBT for anxiety-related disorders alter suicidal ideation? Findings from a naturalistic sample - Brown LA, Gallagher T, Petersen J, Benhamou K, Foa EB, Asnaani A.
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders commonly co-occur with suicidal ideation (SI). To our knowledge, no studies have reported on the baseline prevalence of SI and the reduction in SI in a naturalistic sample receiving cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for anxiety... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

Work-place bullying reflects evolutionary selection of the fittest - Finsterer J.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Validation and development of the questionnaire for assessment of safety climate and safety performance according to safety knowledge and safety motivation in cement industry - Mavaji M, Borgheipour H, Monazami-Tehrani G.
BACKGROUND: Since promotion of safety culture plays a key role in prevention of incidents in industries, assessment of safety climate and safety performance can help industries to improve their safety culture. The present study was designed to develop a me... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Gender and ethnic stereotypes in student teachers' judgments: a new look from a shifting standards perspective - Holder K, Kessels U.
Teacher judgments of student performance might be biased by stereotypes, which can result in disadvantages for members of negatively stereotyped social groups. On the basis of the shifting standards theory, we examined gender and ethnic biases in student t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Evaluation of two web-based interventions in reducing the stigma of suicide - Rogers ML, Schneider ME, Gai AR, Gorday JY, Joiner TE.
This study tested the efficacy of two brief web-based interventions-psychoeducation and i... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Media, Marketing, and Internet Issues Source Type: news

Urban freight transport in city strategic planning - Kiba-Janiak M.
The issue of urban freight transport in city strategic planning is discussed in this paper. There are two main purposes of the paper - a theoretical one and empirical one. The author's concept of maturity levels of cities in planning and implementing activ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Trucking regulation as a critical chain asset in port complexes - Hall P, O'Brien T.
This paper argues that port trucking regulation is an increasingly important arena of supply chain governance in maritime ports. While all ports fulfill similar functions for the different categories of cargo, the ways in which ports are inserted into supp... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Motorcycle helmet use to reduce road traffic deaths in Thailand - Nishi A, Singkham P, Takasaki Y, Ichikawa M, Chadbunchachai W, Shibuya K, Tanasugarn C.
Thailand faces road safety challenges. The country has a high rate of road traffic deaths, with 36.2 deaths per 100 000 population per year accord- ing to the World Health Organization (WHO) estimate in 2012, which is the highest road death rate in Sout... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Moral judgments and social stereotypes: do the age and gender of the perpetrator and the victim matter? - Chu Q, Gr ühn D.
We investigated how moral judgments were influenced by (a) the age and gender of the moral perpetrator and victim, (b) the moral judge's benevolent ageism and benevolent sexism, and (c) the moral judge's gender. By systematically manipulating the age and g... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Hate speech is in the eye of the beholder: the influence of racial attitudes and freedom of speech beliefs on perceptions of racially motivated threats of violence - Roussos G, Dovidio JF.
The present research investigated how levels of anti-Black prejudice may influence differential perceived free-speech protections (FSPs) for hurtful acts targeting Black or White people. Because hate crime designation (HCD) requires evidence of a prejudice... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

From offender rehabilitation to the aesthetic of the victim - Mehozay Y.
This article analyzes the role played by crime victims in social control in the postindustrial United States in the last three decades of the 20th century. Through a synthesis between Zygmunt Bauman's work on late modernity and Pierre Dardot's and Christia... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Disproportionate use of lethal force in policing is associated with regional racial biases of residents - Hehman E, Flake JK, Calanchini J.
Due to a lack of data, the demographic and psychological factors associated with lethal force by police officers have remained insufficiently explored. We develop the first predictive models of lethal force by integrating crowd-sourced and fact-checked let... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Discrimination-related anger, religion, and distress: differences between African Americans and Caribbean Black Americans - Head RN, Seaborn Thompson M.
The Charleston Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church (AMEC) survivors' forgiveness of the racially motivated shootings prompted our research of the association between religion, discrimination-related anger, and psychological distress among black Amer... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Criminalized masculinities: how policing shapes the construction of gender and sexuality in poor Black communities - Stuart F, Benezra A.
This article examines how policing shapes the construction of gender... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Challenges and strategies for preventing vehicle collisions with camels in South Khorasan Province: a qualitative study - Hosseini SMR, Khorasani-Zavareh D, Abbasi A.
BACKGROUND:Car collisions with animal including camels are one problem of road safety in the South and East of Iran that are often fatal. Due to the lack of effective interventions, this study aimed to identify the preventive measures for animal related in... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

"I'm principled against slavery, but …": colorblindness and the three-fifths debate - Henricks K.
No longer is it acceptable to rationalize racial hierarchy in explicit terms. Today ’s racism substitutes these views for seemingly nonracial ones that diminish structural discrimination and “blame the victim.” Though recent studies uncover the subtle... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Time trends in suicide rates by domestic gas or car exhaust gas inhalation in Japan, 1968-1994 - Yoshioka E, Hanley SJB, Saijo Y.
AIMS: A reduction in the carbon monoxide content of domestic gas and car exhaust gas has been associated with a decrease in gassing suicides in many western countries. In Japan, a reduction in the carbon monoxide content of domestic gas supply began in the... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Home and Consumer Product Safety Source Type: news

Traumatic brain injury induces transmissible tau pathology - Wood H.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Discriminative ability and clinical utility of the Timed Up and Go (TUG) in identifying falls risk in people with multiple sclerosis: a prospective cohort study - Quinn G, Comber L, McGuigan C, Galvin R, Coote S.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate discriminative ability and clinical utility of the Timed Up and Go under single- and dual-task conditions between fallers and non-fallers in multiple sclerosis (MS). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Neurology ser... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Age and gender differences in motor imagery - Subirats L, Allali G, Briansoulet M, Salle JY, Perrochon A.
This study aims 1) to inve... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Wheel chock key design elements and geometrical profile for truck vehicle restraint - Rancourt D, Khazoom C, Blanchette C, Giraud L, Lemire J, St-Amant Y.
Wheel chocks are rather simple compliant mechanisms for stabilizing vehicles at rest. However, chocks must be carefully designed given the complex interaction between the chock and the tire/suspension system. Despite their importance for safety, literature... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

TLTD: a testing framework for learning-based IoT traffic detection systems - Liu X, Zhang X, Guizani N, Lu J, Zhu Q, Du X.
With the popularization of IoT (Internet of Things) devices and the continuous development of machine learning algorithms, learning-based IoT malicious traffic detection technologies have gradually matured. However, learning-based IoT traffic detection mod... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Theoretical study of improving the safety of the "operator, machine, and environment" system when performing transport operations - Glemba KV, Averyanov YI, Larin ON.
The article considers the issues of a systemic approach to studying safety levels in transport operations and ways to increase the safety of the operator-machine system in Russian transport. The principal and problematic issues of reducing the risk of inju... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

The role of peripheral vision in vertical road sign identification and discrimination - Costa M, Bonetti L, Vignali V, Lantieri C, Simone A.
The role of peripheral vision in road sign identification and discrimination was investigated in two studies. Peripheral vision plays an important role in road signs perception due to their lateral positioning. In the first study 20 participants identified... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Development of component level transfer equations of simplified human and ATD occupant models - Guleyupoglu B, Koya B, Gayzik FS.
In this study, transfer equations are... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Accident severity levels and traffic signs interactions in state roads: a seemingly unrelated regression model in unbalanced panel data approach - Xu X, Šarić Ž, Zhu F, Babić D.
This study intended to investigate the interactions between accident severity levels and traffic signs in state roads located in Croatia, and explore the correlation within accident severity levels and heterogeneity attributed to unobserved factors. The da... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Women who stay: a morality work perspective - Davis JL, Love TP.
Women who choose to stay in abusive relationships occupy a morally ambiguous identity category. They are at once pitied for their victimhood and shamed for their participation in it. We examine debates over women who stay using the highly publicized case o... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Unintentional firearm injuries remain prevalent over a 12 year experience at a rural midwestern Level 1 trauma center - Guetschow B, Lilienthal M, Willey M.
This study was undertaken to highligh... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

The burden of war-injury in the Palestinian health care sector in Gaza Strip (Correction) - Mosleh M, Dalal K, Aljeesh Y, Svanstr öm L.
In the original publication of this article [1] the background section contained an inaccurate mention of the amount of civilian deaths in the 2014 Gaza war. In this correction article the incorrect and correct information are published for clarification.... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

The Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS): progress toward understanding suicide among soldiers - Naifeh JA, Mash HBH, Stein MB, Fullerton CS, Kessler RC, Ursano RJ.
Responding to an unprecedented increase in the suicide rate among soldiers, in 2008 the US Army and US National Institute of Mental Health funded the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS), a multicomponent epidemiological... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Sexual assault and identity disruption: a sociological approach to posttraumatic stress - Boyle KM.
Violence against women and mental illness are two of the most pressing issues in higher education. Despite decades of research, it is not entirely clear how subjective perceptions of victimization events shape distress. The current study integrates trauma ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

PTSD in civilian populations after hospitalization following traumatic injury: a comprehensive review - Paredes Molina CS, Berry S, Nielsen A, Winfield R.
BACKGROUND: Injuries and their comorbidities affect victims far beyond their physical recovery period. Some study-measures show that more than half of patients hospitalized for a traumatic injury suffer from Acute Stress Disorder, alcohol dependence, and r... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Patterns of injuries and predictors of inhospital mortality in trauma patients in Saudi Arabia - Abolfotouh MA, Hussein MA, Abolfotouh SM, Al-Marzoug A, Al-Teriqi S, Al-Suwailem A, Hijazi RA.
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to describe the pattern of traumatic injuries and determine the predictors of inhospital mortality in patients admitted to the emergency department. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Medical retirement from sport after concussions: a practical guide for a difficult discussion (Author response) - Noble JM.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Lifetime prevalence, correlates and health consequences of gender-based violence victimisation and perpetration among men and women in Somalia - Wirtz AL, Perrin NA, Desgroppes A, Phipps V, Abdi AA, Ross B, Kaburu F, Kajue I, Kutto E, Taniguchi E, Glass N.
BACKGROUND: Humanitarian emergencies increase the risk of gender-based violence (GBV). We estimated the prevalence of GBV victimisation and perpetration among women and men in urban settings across Somalia, which has faced decades of war and natural disast... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Knowledge, attitude and practice of out-of-town drivers, on initial medical efforts for the victims of road traffic crashes - Mansoori F, Kakolaki ZK, Khoshnood A, Lesaan H, Najafi M.
This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and p... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news