HIV risk characteristics associated with violence against women: a longitudinal study among women in the United States - Montgomery BEE, Frew PM, Hughes JP, Wang J, Adimora AA, Haley DF, Kuo I, Jennings L, El-Bassel N, Hodder SL.
BACKGROUND: Using data from HIV Prevention Trials Network 064, a multisite, observational cohort study conducted to estimate HIV incidence rates among women living in areas of high poverty and HIV prevalence in the United States, we examined the use of HIV... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Violence and Weapons Issues Source Type: news

Cell-type-specific role of ΔFosB in nucleus accumbens in modulating inter-male aggression - Aleyasin H, Flanigan ME, Golden SA, Takahashi A, Menard C, Pfau ML, Multer J, Pina J, McCabe KA, Bhatti N, Hodes GE, Heshmati M, Neve RL, Nestler EJ, Heller EA, Russo SJ.
A growing number of studies implicate the brain's reward circuitry in aggressive behavior. However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms within brain reward regions that modulate the intensity of aggression as well as motivation for it have been underexpl... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Violence and Weapons Issues Source Type: news

Unusual case of suicide - hanging in a  car using two nooses - Chmura N, Borowska-Solonynko A, Brzozowska M, Tarka S, Niewiadomski L.
Suicide behind the steering wheel of a  car is a relatively rare discovery, particularly if the cause of death is hanging. Therefore, such events give rise to suspicions that third parties were involved. This paper presents a case of hanging on the thres... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Suicidal ideation, anxiety, and depression in patients with multiple sclerosis - Tauil CB, Grippe TC, Dias RM, Dias-Carneiro RPC, Carneiro NM, Aguilar ACR, Silva FMD, Bezerra F, Almeida LK, Massarente VL, Giovannelli EC, Tilbery CP, Brand ão CO, Santos LMB, Santos-Neto LD.
INTRODUCTION: Psychiatric disorders frequently occur in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS); however, limited reports are available on these comorbidities. We aimed to investigate the relationships among MS, anxiety, depression, and suicidal ideation. ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Self-harm by sharp foreign body ingestion - Robertson AR.
This study aims to follow up patients presenting with foreign body (FB) ingestion requiring urgent endoscopic intervention under general anaesthetic in theatr... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Prevalence and determinants of antepartum depressive and anxiety symptoms in expectant mothers and fathers: results from a perinatal psychiatric morbidity cohort study in the east and west coasts of Malaysia - Nasreen HE, Rahman JA, Rus RM, Kartiwi M, Sutan R, Edhborg M.
This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of antepartum depressive, ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Ocular Munchhausen's syndrome: self-inflicted conjunctivitis - Chokrani H, Bengarai W, Tabet Aouel S, Abdallah EH, Berraho A.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Neural basis of the emotional conflict processing in major depression: ERPs and source localization analysis on the N450 and P300 components - Zhu J, Li J, Li X, Rao J, Hao Y, Ding Z, Wang G.
Objects: Effective psychological function requires that cognition is not affected by task-irrelevant emotional stimuli in emotional conflict. Depression is mainly characterized as an emotional disorder. The object of this study is to reveal the beha... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Mortality in schizophrenia: 30-year nationwide follow-up study - Tanskanen A, Tiihonen J, Taipale H.
OBJECTIVE: Recent reports suggest that the mortality gap between persons with schizophrenia and the general population is increasing. We investigated the mortality, age at death, and causes of death among persons diagnosed with schizophrenia and the genera... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Increased risk of suicide in New South Wales men with prostate cancer: analysis of linked population-wide data - Smith DP, Calopedos R, Bang A, Yu XQ, Egger S, Chambers S, O'Connell DL.
BACKGROUND: An elevated risk of suicide after a diagnosis of prostate cancer has been reported previously in the USA and Sweden. We aimed to identify whether prostate cancer survivors resident in New South Wales Australia are at higher risk of suicide and ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Characteristics of lifeline, crisis line, service users who have died by suicide - Ramsey C, Ennis E, O'Neill S.
This study compared the features of callers and call patter... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

A distinct configuration of MMPI-2-RF scales rCd and RC9/ACT is associated with suicide attempt risk among suicide ideators in a psychiatric outpatient sample - Stanley IH, Yancey JR, Patrick CJ, Joiner TE.
Suicide is a major public health problem, claiming the lives of more than 40,000 individuals in the United States each year. Efforts are needed to (a) identify those at heightened risk for suicide, utilizing objective assessment methods and (b) determine f... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Prevalence and sociodemographic predictors of intimate partner violence against women in El Salvador - Navarro-Mantas L, Vel ásquez MJ, Lemus S, Megías JL.
Violence against women is currently one of the major problems in El Salvador. However, the country lacks existing data to address this issue. The recent coming into effect of the Ley Especial Integral para una Vida Libre de Violencia para las Mujeres (LEIV... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Social Etiologies and Disparities Source Type: news

Legal immigration status is associated with depressive symptoms among Latina transgender women in Washington, DC - Yamanis T, Malik M, Del R ío-González AM, Wirtz AL, Cooney E, Lujan M, Corado R, Poteat T.
Latina transgender women (LTW) are disproportionately vulnerable to depression, although the role of immigration/documentation status (legal authority to live/work in the U.S.) in depression has not been explored. LTW in Washington, DC were recruited into ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Social Etiologies and Disparities Source Type: news

A quantitative study on body modification (neck ring wear) by Kayan women - 敦子, 清二.
Some Kayan women (a subgroup of the Karen People with Kayan as their native language), living in the most remote parts of Myanmar, continue the tradition of wearing very long and heavy brass coil neck rings throughout their lives. 10.6% of the female popul... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Social Etiologies and Disparities Source Type: news

Parenting styles and bullying at school: the mediating role of locus of control - Georgiou SN, Ioannou M, Stavrinides P.
The current study examined the mediating role of children's locus of control in the relation between parenting styles and bully-victim experiences at school. Participants were 447 students aged 10 and 11 years old from 13 different elementary, urban, and r... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: School Issues Source Type: news

Early warnings for suicide attempt among Chinese rural population - Lyu J, Wang Y, Shi H, Zhang J.
This study was to explore the main influencing factors of attempted suicide and establish an early warning model, so as to put forward prevention strategies for attempted suicide. METHOD: Data came from a large-scale case-control epidemi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rural and Agricultural Issues Source Type: news

Traumatic brain injury resiliency model: a conceptual model to guide rehabilitation research and practice - Nalder E, Hartman L, Hunt A, King G.
There is a growing trend in traumatic brain injury (TBI) rehabilitation, and research, to focus on the processes of adaptation following the injury. Resiliency is an umbrella term describing the range of personal protective factors, environmental supports ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Socio-demographic and economics factors associated with suicide mortality in Iran, 2001-2010: application of a decomposition model - Haghparast-Bidgoli H, Rinaldi G, Shahnavazi H, Bouraghi H, Kiadaliri AA.
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major global health problem, especially among youth. Suicide is known to be associated with a variety of social, economic, political and religious factors, vary across geographical and cultural regions. The current study aimed to i... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Prevalence of intimate partner violence in Thailand - Chuemchit M, Chernkwanma S, Rugkua R, Daengthern L, Abdullakasim P, Wieringa SE.
This study proposed to examine the prevalence of intimate partner violence in 4 regions of Thailand by using a standardized questionnaire from the WHO multi countr... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Mortality models and longevity risk for small populations - Wang HC, Yue CSJ, Chong CT.
Prolonging life expectancy and improving mortality rates is a common trend of the 21st century. Stochastic models, such as Lee-Carter model (Lee and Carter, 1992), are a popular choice to deal with longevity risk. However, these mortality models often have... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Epidemiological trends of traumatic brain and spinal cord injury in Puerto Rico from November 10th, 2006, through May 24th, 2011 - Brau RH, Acevedo-Salas Y, Giovannetti K.
OBJECTIVE: According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), injury to the central nervous system (CNS) continues to be a leading cause of injury-related morbidity and mortality in the US today. METHODS: A prospective cohort study ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Development and validation of a clinical prediction tool to estimate the individual risk of depressive relapse or recurrence in individuals with recurrent depression - Klein NS, Holtman GA, Bockting CLH, Heymans MW, Burger H.
OBJECTIVES: Many studies examined predictors of depressive relapse/recurrence but no simple tool based on well-established risk factors is available that estimates the risk within an individual. We developed and validated such a prediction tool in remitted... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Dental and jaw injuries among Muay Thai kickboxing athletes - Chatrchaiwiwatana S, Hongsawat K, Siritapetawee M, Ratanasiri A.
BACKGROUND: It has been reported globally that boxing athletes suffer a high risk of injuries, predominantly dental and jaw injuries. While the popularity of Muay Thai kickboxing is increasing in Thailand, there has been very little research evidence rega... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Recreational and Sports Issues Source Type: news

Administrative databases in sports medicine research - Wasserstein D, Sheth U.
There has been a dramatic rise in the use of large-scale health administrative databases to investigate clinical outcomes within sports medicine over the past few years. Although these data sets identify large numbers of patients, allowing for the investig... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Recreational and Sports Issues Source Type: news

Ketamine and rapid-acting antidepressants: a new era in the battle against depression and suicide - Duman RS.
Therapeutic medications for the treatment of depression have serious limitations, particularly delayed onset and low rates of efficacy. However, the discovery that a single subanesthetic dose of ketamine, a glutamate NMDA receptor channel blocker, can prod... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

Usage patterns of electric bicycles: an analysis of the WeBike project - Gorenflo C, Rios I, Golab L, Keshav S.
This paper presents an analysis of data collected through the Waterloo WeBike project: a field trial in which over 30 sensor-equipped electric bicycles (e-bikes) were given to members of the University of Waterloo for personal use. Our dataset includes e-b... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Pedestrians and Bicycles Source Type: news

Evaluation of factors affecting e-bike involved crash and e-bike license plate use in China using a bivariate probit model - Guo Y, Zhou J, Wu Y, Chen J.
The primary objective of this study is to evaluate factors affecting e-bike involved crash and license plate use in China. E-bike crashes data were collected from police database and completed through a telephone interview. Noncrash samples were collected ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Pedestrians and Bicycles Source Type: news

The variability in risk assessment between flight crew - McMurtrie KJ, Molesworth BRC.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to investigate the assessment of situational risk among commercial flight crew, and examine the accuracy with which factors such as experience (i.e., rank, flight hours, license type, recency) and age predict accurat... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Occupational health risk assessment of pure methanol fuel - Han F, Kang N, Chen Y, Dong Y, Zhang S.
OBJECTIVE: To assess the occupational health risk of pure methanol fuel( M100) during the methanol fuel pilot stage. METHODS: The subjects are workers who are exposed to M100 in pilot areas for methanol vehicles, southwest of China. Use field inves... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Recreational use in dispersed public lands measured using social media data and on-site counts - Fisher DM, Wood SA, White EM, Blahna DJ, Lange S, Weinberg A, Tomco M, Lia E.
Outdoor recreation is one of many important benefits provided by public lands. Data on recreational use are critical for informing management of recreation resources, however, managers often lack actionable information on visitor use for large protected ar... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Media, Marketing, and Internet Issues Source Type: news

How public health nurses' deal with sexting among young people: a qualitative inquiry using the critical incident technique - Clark M, Lewis A, Bradshaw S, Bradbury-Jones C.
BACKGROUND: Globally, the potentially harmful effects of using cell phone technology for 'sexting' among young people, is a public health concern. The background literature indicates that sexting might have adverse psychosocial consequences for some young ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Media, Marketing, and Internet Issues Source Type: news

A picture tells 1000 words (but most results graphs do not): 21 alternatives to simple bar and line graphs - Hertel J.
Graphical representation of results are a central component of original research articles in sports medicine. There has been recent criticism in the scientific community of a heavy reliance on simple bar graphs and line graphs to illustrate results because... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Media, Marketing, and Internet Issues Source Type: news

UK medical education on human trafficking: assessing uptake of the opportunity to shape awareness, safeguarding and referral in the curriculum - Arulrajah P, Steele S.
BACKGROUND: Human trafficking is a serious violation of human rights, with numerous consequences for health and wellbeing. Recent law and policy reforms mean that clinicians now hold a crucial role in national strategies. 2015 research, however, indicates ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

The socio-cultural causes of male victimisation in domestic contexts in Lagos, Nigeria: a qualitative analysis - Ayodele JO.
This paper examines the factors that predispose men to female-perpetrated violence in Lagos, Nigeria. Using snowball sampling, it purposively selected one case study, one key informant and two in-depth interview participants from each of the three Senatori... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

The periodicity of violent and property crime in Tshwane, South Africa - Cohn EG, Breetzke GD.
In this article, we identify and analyze the periodicity of violent and property crimes committed in Tshwane, South Africa, from 2001 to 2006. This is done using Fourier analysis, an advanced explorative mathematical technique commonly used in the physical... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

The perceived effect of a witness security program on willingness to testify - Demir M.
To encourage witnesses to testify, witness security programs have been established to protect people who testify against offenders. Research on the impact of witness protection programs on the willingness of people to testify, however, is scarce. To fill t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Societal derivations for the illegal gun trafficking: in Addis Ababa: Ethiopia - Birara D.
Guns are not allowed to buy and own for civilians in Ethiopia. There are national laws, regulations and administrative procedures that allow production, export, import, transit or retransfer of small arms which are limited to state and federal security pur... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Reforming defences to homicide in Victoria: another attempt to address the gender question - Naylor B, Tyson D.
In 2005 in the Australian state of Victoria, significant changes were made to the defences to homicide. These reforms were in response to long standing concerns about the gendered operation of provocation and self-defence by feminist researchers and advoca... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Recording of offences on police domestic violence call outs - Fagerlund M, K ääriäinen J, Ellonen N.
Due to new legislation passed in 2011, Finnish police have been legally obligated to record and investigate all assaults, including petty assaults, occurring in close relationships. Referred to as domestic violence (DV), these assaults can be prosecuted ev... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Perspectives of Americans and Canadians on the use and function of sex offender registries - Jung S, Allison M, Martin E.
Sex offender registries (SORs) have been established in both Canada and the United States with the auspice of protecting the community from dangerous and violent sexual predators and have been generated as a response to community concerns. Yet, little is k... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Perceptions of police legitimacy and citizen decisions to report hate crime incidents in Australia - Wiedlitzka S, Mazerolle L, Fay-Ramirez S, Miles-Johnson T.
This article examines the importance of perceptions of police legitimacy in the decision to report hate crime incidents in Australia. It addresses an identified gap in the literature by analysing the 2011-2012 National Security and Preparedness Survey (NSP... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Officer involved domestic violence: a future of uniform response and transparency - Russell BL, Pappas N.
Very little is known about officer-involved domestic violence (OIDV). Although the International Association for Chiefs of Police has developed model policies about OIDV, the extent to which agencies adopted these policies across the United States remains ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Narrative construction of sexual violence and rape online - Nagy V.
The increased active participation of individuals in the creation of sexual violence narratives online, as opposed to the previously passive consumption of news stories offline, could prove problematic in ensuring justice is served. Social media allows for... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Male rape, masculinities, and sexualities - Javaid A.
This paper critically engages with the different layers and dynamics of discourse pertaining to sexual violence, hegemonic masculinity, and male rape in the UK. This is achieved through the use of empirical data surrounding police officers, male rape thera... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

International counterterrorism laws and practices: Israel and France in comparison - Morag N.
This article focuses on the varying approaches to counterterrorism (CT) laws and practices in Israel and France and draws some lessons from these practices. The article looks at each country in the context of their respective legal approaches toward terror... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Immigrants as symbolic assailants: crimmigration and its discontents - Jiang J, Erez E.
Despite little evidence of an immigration-crime nexus, many American jurisdictions have adopted a punitive approach to undocumented immigrants and an increasingly restrictive and exclusive system of immigration control. The extensive deployment of criminal... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Human trafficking and country borders - DiRienzo CE, Das J.
The primary purpose of this study is to empirically test whether neighboring countries within the Schengen region have similar human trafficking prevalence rates. It is argued that the free flow of persons across borders in the region impacts human traffic... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Hate crime victims in Serbia: a case study of context and social perceptions - Jokanovic J.
This article provides an overview of the Republic of Serbia's legal framework that incorporates strong guarantees for protection from discrimination, national minorities' rights, and prosecution of (ethnic) hate crimes, but also describes a social context ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Gender equality and state executions within and across 100 countries from 1997 to 2010 - Schmuhl M, Sung HE, Na C.
The achievement of gender equality requires strong support from the state and changes, in turn, the behavior of the state in both domestic and international arenas. Research suggests that an increased representation of women in government provides more eth... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news