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Anger-sensitive networks: characterising neural systems recruited during aggressive social interactions using data-driven analysis - Beyer F, Kr ämer UM, Beckmann CF.
Social neuroscience uses increasingly complex paradigms to improve ecological validity, as investigating aggressive interactions with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI; Kr ämer, Jansma, Tempelmann,& M ünte, 2007). Standard analyses for fMRI data... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Violence and Weapons Issues Source Type: news

Trends in incidence and associated risk factors of suicide mortality among breast cancer patients - Gaitanidis A, Alevizakos M, Pitiakoudis M, Wiggins D.
OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer patients are associated with an increased risk for committing suicide. The purpose of this study is to study the trends in the incidence of suicide mortality and identify pertinent risk factors among patients with breast cancer. ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Suicide of isolated inmates suffering from psychiatric disorders: when a preventive measure becomes punitive - Grassi S, Mandarelli G, Polacco M, Vetrugno G, Spagnolo AG, De-Giorgio F.
We performed external autopsies and examinations on two inmates who had committed suicide by hanging themselves with their underwear and using the window bars of their cells as ligature points after they had been placed in solitary confinement. In one case... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Suicidal risk following the termination of romantic relationships - Love HA, Nalbone DP, Hecker LL, Sweeney KA, Dharnidharka P.
BACKGROUND: The termination of a romantic relationship is an established predictor of suicide attempt. Severing a relationship with a romantic figure can feel life-ending, based on attachment theory. AIMS: The primary goal of this study was to determine if... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Factors influencing professional help-seeking for suicidality - Han J, Batterham PJ, Calear AL, Randall R.
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that the majority of people with suicidality do not seek help. Little systematic evaluation of factors influencing professional help-seeking has been done. AIMS: To systematically evaluate the factors that influence profession... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

A longitudinal test of the predictions of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behaviour for passive and active suicidal ideation in a large community-based cohort - Batterham PJ, Walker J, Leach LS, Ma J, Calear AL, Christensen H.
BACKGROUND: The Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide (IPTS) aims to elucidate the key antecedents of suicide deaths. Limited research has tested the IPTS in a community setting, and very little longitudinal research has been conducted. The current... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Depression among female heads-of-household in rural Mozambique: a cross-sectional population-based survey - Audet CM, Wainberg ML, Oquendo MA, Yu Q, Blevins Peratikos M, Duarte CS, Martinho S, Green AF, Gonz ález-Calvo L, Moon TD.
BACKGROUND: An estimated 350 million people live with depression worldwide. In Mozambique, there are no national data quantifying the burden of mental illnesses. With the sixth highest suicide rate in the world, there is strong evidence of an unmet mental ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rural and Agricultural Issues Source Type: news

Tattoos as a window to the psyche: how talking about skin art can inform psychiatric practice - Roggenkamp H, Nicholls A, Pierre JM.
Tattooing the skin as a means of personal expression is a ritualized practice that has been around for centuries across many different cultures. Accordingly, the symbolic meaning of tattoos has evolved over time and is highly individualized, from both the ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Risk Factor Prevalence, Injury Occurrence Source Type: news

Suicide in Castellon, 2009-2015: do sociodemographic and psychiatric factors help understand urban-rural differences? - Suso-Ribera C, Mora-Mar ín R, Hernández-Gaspar C, Pardo-Guerra L, Pardo-Guerra M, Belda-Martínez A, Palmer-Viciedo R.
INTRODUCTION: Studies have pointed to rurality as an important factor influencing suicide. Research so far suggests that several sociodemograpic and psychiatric factors might influence urban-rural differences in suicide. Also, their contribution appears to... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Risk Factor Prevalence, Injury Occurrence Source Type: news

Situational contexts of rural violence: a comparison of male and female perpetration - Rennison CM, DeKeseredy WS.
The amount of social scientific knowledge about rural violence pales in comparison with that of urban violence, and even less is known about the situational contexts of rural violence. Using National Crime Victimization Survey data, we explore situational ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Risk Factor Prevalence, Injury Occurrence Source Type: news

Normative ratings for perceptual and motor attributes of 750 object concepts in Spanish - D íez-Álamo AM, Díez E, Alonso MÁ, Vargas CA, Fernandez A.
Subjective ratings of perceptual and motor attributes were obtained for a set of 750 concrete concepts in Spanish by requiring scale-based judgments from a sample of university students (N = 539). Following on the work of Amsel, Urbach, and Kutas (2012), t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Risk Factor Prevalence, Injury Occurrence Source Type: news

From provocation to aggression: the neural network - Repple J, Pawliczek CM, Voss B, Siegel S, Schneider F, Kohn N, Habel U.
BACKGROUND: In-vivo observations of neural processes during human aggressive behavior are difficult to obtain, limiting the number of studies in this area. To address this gap, the present study implemented a social reactive aggression paradigm in 29 healt... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Risk Factor Prevalence, Injury Occurrence Source Type: news

Dating violence against HIV-infected youth in South Africa: associations with sexual risk behavior, medication adherence, and mental health - Kidman R, Violari A.
BACKGROUND: As perinatal HIV-infected youth become sexually active, the potential for onward transmission becomes an increasing concern. In other populations, intimate partner violence (IPV) is a risk factor for HIV acquisition. We build on this critical w... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Risk Factor Prevalence, Injury Occurrence Source Type: news

Barriers and facilitators for health behavior change among adults from multi-problem households: a qualitative study - Nagelhout GE, Hogeling L, Spruijt R, Postma N, de Vries H.
Multi-problem households are households with problems on more than one of the following core problem areas: socio-economic problems, psycho-social problems, and problems related to child care. The aim of this study was to examine barriers and facilitators ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Risk Factor Prevalence, Injury Occurrence Source Type: news

Suicide exposures and bereavement among American adults: evidence from the 2016 General Social Survey - Feigelman W, Cerel J, McIntosh JL, Brent D, Gutin N.
BACKGROUND: We investigated lifetime suicide exposures and bereavement among a representative sample of American adults from the 2016 General Social Survey. METHODS: Questions on lifetime suicide exposures, bereavement and mental health status were... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Examining multi-level correlates of suicide by merging NVDRS and ACS data - Boulifard DA, Pescosolido BA.
This paper describes a novel database and an associated suicide event prediction model that surmount longstanding barriers in suicide risk factor research. The database comingles person-level records from the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS)... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Divergence and convergence in cause-specific premature adult mortality in Mexico and US Mexican Hispanics from 1995 to 2015: analyses of 4.9 million individual deaths - Reynales-Shigematsu LM, Guerrero-L ópez CM, Hernández Ávila M, Irving H, Jha P.
We examined nationally representa... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Death by suicide at the ward level in Northern Ireland - Bunting B, Corry C, O'Neill S, Moore A.
BACKGROUND: Deaths from suicide, as recorded within the Northern Ireland Coroner's Office for the years 2005-2011 inclusive, were analysed in terms of standardised mortality ratios (SMRs), within Wards and Local Government Districts (LGDs). The aim of the ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Classification of suicide attempts through a machine learning algorithm based on multiple systemic psychiatric scales - Oh J, Yun K, Hwang JH, Chae JH.
Classification and prediction of suicide attempts in high-risk groups is important for preventing suicide. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the information from multiple clinical scales has classification power for identifying actual su... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Perception of Policy and Environmental Action to Promote Healthy Behaviors in African American Communities - Addison C, Jenkins BW, White M, Henderson F, McGill DJ, Antoine-LaVigne D, Payton M.
The present study aimed to examine the perceptions of African American communities regarding the involvement of political leaders in facilitating policy and environmental change promoting healthy eating and physical activity. We selected the Metro Jackson ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Recreational and Sports Issues Source Type: news

Health-promoting nature access for people with mobility impairments: a systematic review - Zhang G, Poulsen DV, Lygum VL, Corazon SS, Gramkow MC, Stigsdotter UK.
This study systematically evaluated the scientific evidence for health benefits of natural environments for people with mobility impairments. Literature searches based on five categories of terms-target group, nature type, health-related impacts, nature-re... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Recreational and Sports Issues Source Type: news

Validation of the Korean Depressive Symptom Inventory-Suicidality Subscale - Suh S, Ryu H, Chu C, Hom M, Rogers ML, Joiner T.
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to validate a Korean version of the self-report Depressive Symptom Inventory-Suicidality Subscale (DSI-SS). METHODS: 553 South Korean undergraduate students (aged 18-34 years, 74.8% females) completed questionnair... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

Psychometric properties of the Aggression Questionnaire: a replication in a sample of partner-assaultive men in psychological treatment - Redondo N, Pena ME, Gra ña JL, Andreu JM.
This study analyzes the factorial structure, internal consistency, and convergent validity of the AQ in a Span... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

Interpersonal art psychotherapy for the treatment of aggression in people with learning disabilities in secure care: a protocol for a randomised controlled feasibility study - Hackett SS, Taylor JL, Freeston M, Jahoda A, McColl E, Pennington L, Kaner E.
BACKGROUND: Art psychotherapy has greater potential for use with adults with mild to moderate learning disabilities as it places less of a burden on verbal interaction to achieve positive therapeutic, psychological, and behavioural goals. The feasibility s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

Implementation and evaluation of the Victorian Suicide Register - Sutherland G, Milner A, Dwyer J, Bugeja L, Woodward A, Robinson J, Pirkis J.
OBJECTIVE: The Victorian Suicide Register (VSR) is a state-based suicide surveillance system that contains detailed information on people who die by suicide and the circumstances surrounding their death. In this paper, we provide an overview of the VSR and... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

Effects of forest therapy on depressive symptoms among adults: a systematic review - Lee I, Choi H, Bang KS, Kim S, Song M, Lee B.
This study systematically reviewed forest therapy programs designed to decrease the level of depression among adults and assessed the methodological rigor and scientific evidence quality of existing research studies to guide future studies. This systematic... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

Effectiveness of general practitioner training to improve suicide awareness and knowledge and skills towards depression - Coppens E, Van Audenhove C, Gusm äo R, Purebl G, Szekely A, Maxwell M, Koburger N, Arensman E, Hegerl U.
This study aime... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

North Carolina Toxic Substance Incidents Program 2010-2015: identifying areas for injury prevention efforts - Eiffert S, Etienne S, Hirsch A, Langley R.
The National Toxic Substance Incidents Program (NTSIP) is a surveillance system designed to capture acute toxic substance releases, factors contributing to the release, and any associated injuries. North Carolina has participated since 2010, when NTSIP was... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Poisoning Source Type: news

Investigation and analysis of Galerina sulciceps poisoning in a canteen - Xiang H, Zhou Y, Zhou C, Lei S, Yu H, Wang Y, Zhu S.
INTRODUCTION: Guizhou Province in China has an abundant resource of wild mushrooms, including numerous poisonous species which contain various toxins. The mortality rate from wild mushroom poisoning has been high in this area in recent years. Galerina sulc... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Poisoning Source Type: news

Predictors of daily mobility of adults in peri-urban South India - Sanchez M, Ambros A, Salmon M, Bhogadi S, Wilson RT, Kinra S, Marshall JD, Tonne C.
Daily mobility, an important aspect of environmental exposures and health behavior, has mainly been investigated in high-income countries. We aimed to identify the main dimensions of mobility and investigate their individual, contextual, and external predi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Pedestrians and Bicycles Source Type: news

Environmental influences on physical activity among rural adults in Montana, United States: views from built environment audits, resident focus groups, and key informant interviews - Lo BK, Morgan EH, Folta SC, Graham ML, Paul LC, Nelson ME, Jew NV, Moffat LF, Seguin RA.
Rural populations in the United States have lower physical activity levels and are at a higher risk of being overweight and suffering from obesity than their urban counterparts. This paper aimed to understand the environmental factors that influence physic... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Pedestrians and Bicycles Source Type: news

Short-run and long-run effects of unemployment on suicides: does welfare regime matter? - Gajewski P, Zhukovska K.
BACKGROUND: Disentangling the immediate effects of an unemployment shock from the long-run relationship has a strong theoretical rationale. Different economic and psychological forces are at play in the first moment and after prolonged unemployment. This s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Self-reported symptoms and pesticide use among farm workers in Arusha, Northern Tanzania: a cross sectional study - Manyilizu WB, Mdegela RH, Helleve A, Skjerve E, Kazwala R, Nonga H, Muller MHB, Lie E, Lyche J.
The objective of the study was to describe self-reported health symptoms, the use of personal protective gear and clothing and poor safety procedures when applying pesticides among farm workers. A total of 128 adult farm workers were interviewed using a st... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Security networks and occupational culture: understanding culture within and between organisations - Whelan C.
Security networks are organisational forms involving public, private and hybrid actors or nodes that work together to pursue security-related objectives. While we know that security networks are central to the governance of security, and that security netw... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Safety change management - a new method for integrated management of organizational and technical changes - Gerbec M.
Changes are a daily reality in the process industry and potential implications on major accident hazards must be properly managed. Management of change is a part of safety management, however, changes are often complex and usually involve both technical an... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Research on HFACS based on accident causality diagram - Wu B, Kou L, Ma Q.
Accident analysis contributes much to improve the safety management of enterprises. The Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) is an accident analysis method popularly used overseas. Based on HFACS analysis method, this paper presents a n... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Psychological capital: buffering the longitudinal curvilinear effects of job insecurity on performance - Probst TM, Gailey NJ, Jiang L, Bohle SL.
Job insecurity is a psychosocial risk that can present significant problems for organizational performance and employees' health and well-being. The purpose of the current research was to investigate the curvilinear relationship between employee job insecu... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Policing race, gender, and sex: a review of law enforcement policies - Ritchie AJ, Jones-Brown D.
Growing attention to the unique ways in which women of color's bodies are racially profiled and policed has prompted questions concerning gender-specific impacts of law enforcement practices. Arrest statistics, patterns of enforcement, and high-profile cas... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Police officer gender and excessive force complaints: an Australian study - Porter LE, Prenzler T.
This study addresses the relationship between officer gender and force-related allegations, and adds to the growing literature on women in policing and strategies to re... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Human resource factors associated with workplace safety and health education of small manufacturing businesses in Korea - Park KO.
This study analyzed significant HR factors associated w... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Forensic patients in the emergency department: who are they and how should we care for them? - Filmalter CJ, Heyns T, Ferreira R.
BACKGROUND: Patients who suffer violent, crime related injuries are likely to seek medical assistance in emergency departments. Forensic patients may not disclose the cause of their injuries leading to the impairment of evidence. We explored healthcare pro... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Financial sector workers' experiences of managing suicidal clients - O'Neill S, Ennis E, McFeeters D, Gallagher L.
This study examined the experiences of 10 Irish financial sector workers who had experiences of encounteri... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Adverse events occurring on mental health units - Mills PD, Watts BV, Shiner B, Hemphill RR.
OBJECTIVE: While the study of suicide on mental health units has a long history, the study of patient safety more generally is relatively new. Our objective was to determine the type and relative frequency of adverse events occurring on Veterans Health Adm... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

A signalling theory of law enforcement hiring - Hilal S, Densley JA, Jones DS.
Using qualitative interviews with 31 police chiefs, the present study explores the police hiring process in Minnesota. This is the only US state that mandates law enforcement candidates earn at least a two-year degree from a regionally accredited college o... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

The other end of the leash: an experimental test to analyze how owners interact with their pet dogs - Cimarelli G, Turcs án B, Range F, Virányi Z.
It has been suggested that the way in which owners interact with their dogs can largely vary and influence the dog-owner bond, but very few objective studies, so far, have addressed how the owner interacts with the dog. The goal of the present study was to... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Non-Human Animals and Insects Source Type: news

Reptile road-kills in Southern Brazil: composition, hot moments and hotspots - Gon çalves LO, Alvares DJ, Teixeira FZ, Schuck G, Coelho IP, Esperandio IB, Anza J, Beduschi J, Bastazini VAG, Kindel A.
Understanding road-kill patterns is the first step to assess the potential effects of road mortality on wildlife populations, as well as to define the need for mitigation and support its planning. Reptiles are one of the vertebrate groups most affected by ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Non-Human Animals and Insects Source Type: news

Geographic distribution of scorpion exposures in the United States, 2010-2015 - Kang AM, Brooks DE.
OBJECTIVES: To determine the geographic distribution of scorpion envenomations in the United States by zip code, with particular attention to the neurotoxic Centruroides sculpturatus (Arizona bark scorpion), for which an antivenom is available. MET... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Non-Human Animals and Insects Source Type: news

Cross reactivity and lethality neutralization of venoms of Indonesian Trimeresurus complex species by Thai green pit viper antivenom - Tan CH, Liew JL, Tan NH, Khaldun IA, Maharani T, Khomvilai S, Sitprija V.
Arboreal pit vipers of the Trimeresurus complex group are medically important species in Indonesia (west of Wallace's line), but there is no specific antivenom produced in the country for treating related envenomation. Instead, the exiting trivalent Indone... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Non-Human Animals and Insects Source Type: news

Associations of self-presentation on Facebook with mental health and personality variables: a systematic review - Twomey C, O'Reilly G.
Many investigations of the associations of self-presentation on Facebook with mental health and personality variables exist, but their findings have not yet been synthetized. We therefore carried out a narrative synthesis of 21 observational studies (combi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Media, Marketing, and Internet Issues Source Type: news

Appropriate targets for search advertising as part of online gatekeeping for suicide prevention - Sueki H, Ito J.
We examined the association between the outcomes of online gatekeeping using the I... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Media, Marketing, and Internet Issues Source Type: news