The micro-situational context of sexual offences against adult women: unpacking the role of guardianship intensity in disruption - Cook A, Leclerc B, Reynald DM, Wortley R.
The current study explores the way guardianship is perceived by offenders and the extent to which it affects the likelihood of disruption in sexual offences against adult females. Specifically, we compare the micro-situational contexts in which sexual offe... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Violence and Weapons Issues Source Type: news

The male body politic: straight strippers, gay spaces, and queer masculinities - Laguna Maqueda OE.
Studies of women and gender relations promoted by feminist movements have had a steady progress, which has allowed recognizing many of the phenomena, characteristics and experiences of women, while studies of men have been late and narrowly limited themsel... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Violence and Weapons Issues Source Type: news

Practical steps towards identifying and assisting victims of domestic violence - Davison J, Frizzell W, Chien J.
Domestic violence is prevalent among psychiatric patients; however, utilization of screening, safety, and legal interventions is low among mental health practitioners. In this column, the authors review interventions that can assist with the identification... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Violence and Weapons Issues Source Type: news

Family crisis counselling with domestic violence undertone - Ekwe CN.
This article explored family crisis counselling associated with domestic violence (DV); conceptualized family crisis as a situation that distresses the normal functioning of the family and requires a new set of responses to the cause of the perceived or ac... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Violence and Weapons Issues Source Type: news

Applying behavioural activation (BA) and simulation-based learning (SBL) approaches to enhance MSW students' competence in suicide risk assessment, prevention, and intervention (SRAPI) - Lee E, Kourgiantakis T.
Providing adequate training on suicide assessment and intervention for students is of utmost importance in social work education. Given students' anxiety around working with clients who have potential risk of suicide, scholars underline the benefits of exp... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Voices in the background: environmental degradation and climate change as driving forces of violence against indigenous women - Csev ár S.
Adopted on the fifteenth anniversary of resolution 1325, Security Council resolution 2242 has recognized for the first time the substantial link between climate change and the "Women, Peace and Security" (WPS) framework. Despite this landmark resolution, t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Social Etiologies and Disparities Source Type: news

Reframing suicide: queer diasporic and Indigenous imaginaries - Jafri B.
This article engages relational critique to examine trans/femme/bisexual South Asian Canadian filmmaker Vivek Shraya's short film I want to kill... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Social Etiologies and Disparities Source Type: news

The influence of street network features on robberies around public housing communities - Kelsay JD, Haberman CP.
Previous research has consistently identified a crime spillover effect from public housing communities. However, variation in spillover between communities has also been observed. Drawing upon environmental criminology and recent advancements in crime and ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Risk Factor Prevalence, Injury Occurrence Source Type: news

Why aren't national suicide prevention programs working? - Goldney RD.
[The publisher has not provided an abstract for this article.] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Research in hard-to-reach populations: challenges and strategies for conducting sexual violence studies in applicants for international protection beyond the European General Data Protection Regulation - De Schrijver L, Cismaru Inescu A, Hahaut B, Vandeviver C, Nisen L, Keygnaert I.
BACKGROUND: Conducting research in hard-to-reach populations such as applicants for international protection (AIPs) brings along a number of research challenges. This is especially true for sexual violence (SV) research. METHODS: We developed a stu... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Progress in research of population health measurement and evaluation - Wei W, Zheng L, Junting L, Lanfang X, Runhua Z, Chen C, Lijie W, Ruiying L, Wenjing Z, Xiao Q, Hongyan Y.
With the transformation of disease spectrums and medical patterns, the scopes, contents, methods and metrics of health measurement and evaluation have also undergone profound changes. This review summarized and introduced the progress of research in health... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Life-course criminal trajectories of mafia members - Campedelli GM, Calderoni F, Comunale T, Meneghini C.
Through a novel data set comprising the criminal records of 11,138 convicted mafia offenders, we compute criminal career parameters and trajectories through group-based trajectory modeling. Mafia offenders report prolific and persistent careers (16.1 crime... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Implementing real-time data suicide surveillance systems - Baran A, Gerstner R, Ueda M, Gmitrowicz A.
In this editorial, we would like to inspire policy makers to support the real-time monitoring of suicide. Using real-time data to understand the spatiotemporal variability of suicides will allow policy makers evaluate interventions they have invested in an... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

How ideas from ecological capture-recapture models may inform multiple systems estimation analyses - Worthington H, McCrea R, King R, Vincent KS.
Abundance estimation, for both human and animal populations, informs policy decisions and population management. Capture-recapture and multiple sources data share a common structure; the population can be partially enumerated and individuals are identifiab... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Gender, co-offending, and recidivism among a sample of robbery and burglary offenders - McNeeley S.
This study examines whether several aspects of co-offending are related to recidivism, and whether those relationships are gendered. A sample of 400 people (200 men and 200 women) released from prison after serving sentences for burglary or robbery is used... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

"Gentefication" in the barrio: examining the relationship between gentrification and homicide in East Los Angeles - Barton MS, Valasik MA, Brault E, Tita G.
Research has increasingly moved toward a consensus that violent crime declines as neighborhoods gentrify, yet some studies find the direction of this relationship varies by type of violent crime. This finding becomes even more important when connected with... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Ride to the hills, ride to your school: physical effort and mode choice - Tscharaktschiew S, M üller S.
Altering the network of public facilities like schools is likely to affect travel choices, in particular route and mode choice. Traveling to school is not only a major contributor to public transport demand in peak periods, but is in many instances also th... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Pedestrians and Bicycles Source Type: news

Analysis of media reporting of suicidal behavior in Nigeria - Olibamoyo O, Ola B, Coker O, Adewuya A, Onabola A.
This study was designed to analyze the content, quality, and adherence of media reporting of suicidal behavior in Nigeria from 2016 to 2019 using the responsible reporting on suicide guidelines by the World Health Organization. Also, to note t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Media, Marketing, and Internet Issues Source Type: news

Women and the rhetoric of safety: the impact of policy framing on attitudes toward discriminatory policies - Wemlinger E.
The expansion of the rights for many in the LGBT community across the US along with the Obergefell v. Hodges Supreme Court ruling has created a backlash in many states against the LGBT community. This backlash has recently been furthered by even more restr... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Understanding violence by non-state armed groups: the case of the RUF - Dudek N.
This paper uses a case study of Sierra Leone's Revolutionary United Front to help explain when and where non-state armed groups (NSAGs) use violence, and what type of violence such groups use. The first part of the paper compares 'ideological' and 'instrum... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

The effects of justice judgments on police legitimacy across urban neighborhoods: a test of the invariance thesis - Reisig MD, Flippin M, Me ško G, Trinkner R.
The invariance thesis posits that the effects of procedural justice judgments on police legitimacy beliefs are consistent across a variety of contexts, including urban neighborhoods. An alternative argument, one steeped in the relational model of authority... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

The Black effect: reimagining racial threat through a Black absolute status lens - Henry TKS.
Sentencing scholars have established the importance of examining how contextual-level factors influence judicial decision-making. Several studies have tested whether the presence of, or change in, minority populations--indicators of racial threat--impact d... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Social media campaigns addressing gender-based violence: policy entrepreneurship and advocacy networks - Stabile B, Purohit H, Hattery A.
Social media campaigns on Twitter are one of their primary strategies used by organizations aiming to mitigate the global problem of gender-based violence (GBV). Social media has been touted as a transformative force in social movements, affecting the infl... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Safety effectiveness evaluation of raised pedestrian crossings in Ho Chi Minh City - Vuong TQ.
Traffic crashes are one of the immediate and long-term serious problems all over the world including Vietnam. Speed is one of the direct causes of a crash. In recent years, Ho Chi Minh City has synchronously implemented many measures to manage speed, in pa... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Incarceration trajectories of women who are mothers: a nationally representative study of state and federal prisoners - Zhao Q, Cepeda A, Chou CP, Valdez A.
This study used a nationally representative dataset of state and federal prisoners to identify and characterize subgr... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Going off the grid: assessing sentencing departures for individuals convicted of sexual offenses - Cole K, Rydberg J, Cassidy M.
This research examines factors associated with departures from sentencing guidelines for a sample of individuals convicted of sexual offenses in Pennsylvania between 2004 and 2015 (N  = 26,093). We contribute to the literature on the sentencing of these... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Gender inequality as the determinant of human trafficking in Rwanda - Gacinya J.
Gender inequality is built on the premise that women have been marginalized in all aspects of life and this has resulted in poverty which is a function of human trafficking. The purpose of this study is to investigate the contribution of gender inequality ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Effective measure for accident prevention onboard sea vessels--improvements on 4M4E analysis - Kunieda Y, Ino A, Kashima H, Murai K.
This study aims to reduc... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Do housing vacancies induce more crime? A spatiotemporal regression analysis - Chen X, Rafail P.
This study aims to investigate the longitudinal associations between patterns of housing vacancies, neighborhood social disorder, and crime in the city of New Orleans. Using large-scale administrative and contextual data collected from the year 2012 to 201... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Home and Consumer Product Safety Source Type: news

Role of club doctors in the mental health management of Australian rules football players: a Delphi study - Weber B, Bos J, Clancy EM, Menon R, Cross T, Hall K.
Professional team athletes experience a range of mental health problems, both sports and non-sports related. However, there is limited information available for those charged with responsibility for managing these mental health conditions, particularly wit... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Workers survived from commuting road crashes: who are they? - Sahak NH, Mani KKC, Hamedon TR, Rampal KG, Vythialingam K.
Commuting road crashes are road traffic crashes that involve workers while travelling in the course of work. The more worker travels, the higher the probability of the occurrence of commuting road crashes. The aim of this study was to determine baseline so... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Estimation of traffic demand at freeway work zones - Kwon E, Park C.
An iterative process, combining a macroscopic simulator and a set of the traffic demand-change estimation models, is developed to estimate the traffic demand at work zones in urban freeway corridors.The process is designed to capture the interaction betwee... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Addressing inequal risk exposure in the development of automated vehicles - Dietrich M.
Automated vehicles (AVs) are expected to operate on public roads, together with non-automated vehicles and other road users such as pedestrians or bicycles. Recent ethical reports and guidelines raise worries that AVs will introduce injustice or reinforce ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Accounting for previous events to model and predict traffic accidents at the road segment level: a study in Valencia (Spain) - Briz-Red ón, Iftimi A, Montes F.
Predicting the occurrence of traffic accidents is essential for establishing preventive measures and reducing the impact of traffic accidents. In particular, it is fundamental to make predictions using fine spatio-temporal units. In this paper, the daily r... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

A new accident prediction model for highway-rail grade crossings using the USDOT formula variables - Mathew J, Benekohal RF.
This paper presents the ZINDOT model, a methodology utilizing a zero-inflated negative binomial model with the variables used in the United States Department of Transportation (USDOT) accident prediction formula, to determine the expected accident count at... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

What to do about #MeToo? consent, autonomy, and restorative justice: a case study - Sikka T.
This article asks: Is it possible to craft a form of engaged, anti-carceral, feminist political practice that carves out a space for sexual negotiation, exploration, sex positivity, and changing conceptions of consent in an era shaped by hypermediation and... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

What is needed to eradicate the depression epidemic, and why - Ormel J, Cuijpers P, Jorm A, Schoevers RA.
Despite substantial investments in the treatment of major depressive disorder (hereafter 'depression'), especially antidepressant medications and cognitive behavioral therapy, epidemiological data do not indicate that depression burden, as measured by the ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Vehicle-related crash deaths: a continuing challenge - Champion HR, Lombardo LV.
In 2016, we published data, which showed decrease in vehicle-related deaths between 1978 and 2013, possibly related to introduction of trauma centers and an increased focus on trauma systems. There have been over 1.5 million vehicle-related fatalities sinc... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Too many die without optimal care for crash victims - Lombardo LV.
How Many Americans Died 1982 – 2019 with& without Hospital Care? NHTSA has statistical records from 1982 – 2019. The NHTSA count for that time period shows 755,217 Americans died without transport to any medical facility for any level of emergency... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

The relationship of body mass index, belt placement, and abdominopelvic injuries in motor vehicle crashes: a Crash Injury Research and Engineering Network (CIREN) study - Schieffer S, Costa C, Hartka T, Stitzel JD, Shayn Martin R, Kiani B, Miller AN, Weaver AA.
OBJECTIVE: Obesity has important implications for motor vehicle safety due to altered crash injury responses from increased mass and improper seatbelt placement. Abdominal seatbelt signs (ASBS) above the anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS) in motor vehicl... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

The effects of victimization prior to prison on victimization, misconduct, and sanction severity during incarceration - Meade B, Wasileski G, Hunter A.
Numerous studies have examined the correlation between physical and/or sexual victimization and offending and re-victimization later in life. However, fewer studies have explored how such victimization affects the adjustment of those incarcerated and the s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Take back the tweet: social media use by anti-gender-based violence organizations - Stabile B, Grant A, Purohit H, Sharan Bonala S.
Social media can be a hostile environment for women, where threats of sexual assault and violence proliferate (Locke, Lawtom, and Lyons 2018; Jane 2014). Yet, social media sites like Twitter provide a platform for advocacy organizations seeking to influenc... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Return to sports after total hip arthroplasty: an umbrella review for consensus guidelines - Sowers CB, Carrero AC, Cyrus JW, Ross JA, Golladay GJ, Patel NK.
BACKGROUND: Current recommendations on safe return to sports (RTS) after total hip arthroplasty (THA) are subjective and based on studies of varying quality. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to synthesize systematic reviews and meta-analyses on p... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Reliability of two dissociating tests of phoria in artificially created phoria in normal adults - Helminski JO, Keller S, Suckow M, Stein A, Grieco L, Lintakas R, Reinders C.
BACKGROUND: The ability of physical therapists (PTs) to accurately identify and reliably measure phoria/tropia is critical in the differential diagnosis of individuals with acute vestibular syndrome and concussion/mild traumatic brain injury. OBJEC... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Reliability of the ocular trauma score for the predictability of traumatic and post-traumatic retinal detachment after open globe injury - Dulz S, Dimopoulos V, Katz T, Kromer R, Bigdon E, Spitzer MS, Skevas C.
AIM: To elucidate the question of whether the ocular trauma score (OTS) and the zones of injury could be used as a predictive model of traumatic and post traumatic retinal detachment (RD) in patients with open globe injury (OGI). METHODS: A retrosp... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Psychosocial work factors and sick leave risk after a terrorist bomb attack: a survey and registry-based longitudinal study of governmental employees in Norway - Dale MTG, Nissen A, Berthelsen M, Gjessing HK, Heir T.
OBJECTIVES: Studies show that social support may reduce the negative psychological effects of terror. The aim was to explore the effects of the psychosocial work environment on sick leave risk among governmental employees after a workplace bomb attack. ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Looking through the lens of a sexual assault examiner: novel trends and approaches in forensic photography - Yesodharan R, Jose TT, Nirmal Krishnan M, Anitha S, Nayak VC.
Sexual violence is cancerous, and it malignantly affects all strata of our community regardless of age, gender, race, ability, and social status. Excellent healthcare service requires professionals who can do a sexual assault examination, collect medico-le... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

I am not your felon: decoding the trauma, resilience, and recovering mothering of formerly incarcerated Black women - Williams JM, Spencer Z, Wilson SK.
This study foreground... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Histopathological profile of fatal snake bite autopsy cases in a tertiary care center in South India - Sathish K, Shaha KK, Patra AP, Rekha JS.
Snake bite is a major public health problem, especially in the tropical areas of the world, which the World Health Organization aims to eradicate. According to the National Crime Records Bureau in India, where agriculture is the mainstay of employment attr... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Community-led mental health promotion for people of color in the United States - McMorrow S, Hancher-Rauch H, Ohmit A, Roberson C.
There are stark racial inequities in mental health in the United States. A statewide minority health agency in the US state of Indiana, sought to find an evidence-based, culturally relevant mental health promotion program for their affiliates after finding... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news