Mobile measurements of black carbon: comparison of normal traffic with reduced traffic conditions during COVID-19 lock-down - Van Poppel M, Peters J, Levei EA, M ărmureanu L, Moldovan A, Hoaghia MA, Varaticeanu C, Van Laer J.
A mobile monitoring campaign was conducted (by bicycle) to assess the black carbon (BC) concentrations in Cluj-Napoca city, Romania, in 2020, before, during and after COVID-19 lock-down. Over the entire study period, the BC concentrations ranged between 1.... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 26, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Humans, machines, and double standards? The moral evaluation of the actions of autonomous vehicles, anthropomorphized autonomous vehicles, and human drivers in road-accident dilemmas - Mayer MM, Buchner A, Bell R.
A more critical evaluation of the actions of autonomous vehicles in comparison to those of human drivers in accident scenarios may complicate the introduction of autonomous vehicles into daily traffic. In two experiments, we tested whether the evaluation o... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 26, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Worsening symptoms of anxiety, depression, and sleep problems in caregivers following youth's suicide-related emergency department visit - Smith T, Magness C, Arango A, Finkelstein S, Kahsay E, Czyz E, Hong V, Kettley J, Smith PK, Ewell Foster C.
This study aimed to (1) des... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 26, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Under the veil of tolerance: a justification-suppression approach to anti-islamic implicit bias in reaction to terrorist attacks - Arnoult M, Selimbegovi ć L, Hirschberger G, Pyszczynski T, Chatard A.
Twenty years after 9/11, the impact of terrorism on social and political attitudes remains unclear. Several large-scale surveys suggest that terrorism has no discernible effects on direct, self-report measures of prejudice toward Arab-Muslims. However, dir... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 26, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

The psychological impact of wrongful convictions: exploring retrospective trajectories of distress in exonerees - Thomas KA, Hoyt WT.
This study aims to understand the psychological experiences of ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 26, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

The legacy of slavery and the socialization of Black female health and human services workforce members in addressing social determinants of health - Presumey-Leblanc G, Sandel M.
BACKGROUND: One legacy of slavery and colonialist structures is that minority populations, particularly the Black populations, experience higher rates of poverty, disease, job insecurity, and housing instability today - all indicators of poor health or neg... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 26, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

The influence of a Learning to Forgive Program on institutional offending and recidivism among offenders with mental disorder - Oduntan E, Onasanya O, Anderson T, DesRoches A, Mondal P, Mela M.
Previous researchers have demonstrated that learning to forgive may reduce the likelihood of offending/reoffending. Forgiveness therapy may be useful for rehabilitation by assisting traumatized individuals to release revengeful emotions. The current study ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 26, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

The contributions of injury deaths to the gender gap in life expectancy and life disparity in Eastern Mediterranean Region - Bairami F, Hajizadeh M, Kiadaliri A.
This study quantified the contributions of injury deaths to the gender gap in life expectancy (GGLE) and life disparity ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 26, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

The barriers and facilitators to decentralised nurse-led mental health service delivery in Sierra Leone - Hopwood H, Harris D, Sevalie S, Iyawa G, Langan Martin J.
In 2009, 98.0% of people with mental illness in Sierra Leone were not receiving treatment, partly due to the absence of public psychiatric facilities outside the capital. In response to this situation, the Ministry of Health and Sanitation rolled out nurse... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 26, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Segmental clavicle fracture following a road bike injury - Oberle L, Spittler J, Khodaee M.
A previously healthy man in his 70s presented with right-sided shoulder (clavicle) pain after a road biking injury. He fell forward after hitting a pothole while riding his bike. He initially presented with pain exacerbated by range of motion of the right ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 26, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Scoping review of the literature to ascertain how follow-up care is provided to major trauma patients post discharge from acute care - Wake E, Ranse J, Marshall AP.
OBJECTIVES: Survival following traumatic injury has increased, requiring ongoing patient follow-up. While longitudinal outcomes of trauma patients are reported, little is known about optimal delivery of follow-up service for this group. The aim of this sco... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 26, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Routine laboratory parameters predict intensive care unit admission and hospitalization in patients suffering stab injuries - Maleitzke T, Zhou S, Zocholl D, Fleckenstein FN, Back DA, Plewe JM, Weber J, Winkler T, St öckle U, Tsitsilonis S, Märdian S.
BACKGROUND: Knife crime has increased considerably in recent years in Northern Europe. Affected patients often require immediate surgical care due to traumatic organ injury. Yet, little is known about clinically relevant routine laboratory parameters in st... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 26, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Risks of intimate partner violence for women living with HIV receiving cash transfers: a qualitative study in Shinyanga, Tanzania - H émono R, Mnyippembe A, Kalinjila A, Msoma J, Prata N, Dow WH, Snell-Rood C, Sabasaba A, Njau P, McCoy SI.
Cash transfers are increasingly used to motivate adherence to HIV care. However, evidence on cash transfers and intimate partner violence (IPV) is mixed and little is known about their safety for women living with HIV. We conducted in-depth interviews with... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 26, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Prognostic factors in traumatic brain injuries in emergency department - Behzadnia MJ, Anbarlouei M, Hosseini SM, Boroumand AB.
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in young adults. The Extended Glasgow Outcome Score (GOSE) has been introduced to assess the global outcome after brain injuries. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the pro... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 26, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Polygenic risk for mental disorders as predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder after mild traumatic brain injury - Stein MB, Jain S, Parodi L, Choi KW, Maihofer AX, Nelson LD, Mukherjee P, Sun X, He F, Okonkwo DO, Giacino JT, Korley FK, Vassar MJ, Robertson CS, McCrea MA, Temkin N, Markowitz AJ, Diaz-Arrastia R, Rosand J, Manley GT.
The objective of this study was to determine whether the polygenic risk for PTSD (or for related mental health disord... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 26, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news