The psychological impact of COVID-19 and other viral epidemics on frontline healthcare workers and ways to address it: A rapid systematic review, Brain, Behavior and Immunity
Highlights Frontline health care workers (HCWs), especially females and nurses, are amongst the most vulnerable groups at risk of mental health problems, especially during severe viral epidemics. Fear of uncertainty or becoming infected were at the forefront of the psychological challenges faced. Several studies demonstrated an increased risk of acquiring a trauma or stress-related disorder, depression and anxiety. Coping strategies varied between sociocultural settings and appeared to differ amongst HCWs of different disciplines. Implemented measures, and recommendations for reduci ng psychological risks consistentl...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - September 17, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Baseline projections of COVID-19 in the EU/EEA and the UK: update, ECDPC
In this report, we present updated 30-day projections, together with a visual validation of the original forecasts. We continue to model a baseline'status quo'scenario, assuming all control measures in place on 8 September 2020 will be continued until the end of the projection period (14 October 2020). In this version, we have included data on testing rates to simulate the increased ascertainment of milder cases. For almost all countries, testing data is correct until 23 August. We have also included the use of face masks (both mandatory and voluntary) as a means for reducing both transmission and susceptibility to infecti...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - September 17, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

COVID-19 – Possible Human Rights Crisis in Asia as Disparities Expected to Widen
The Asian Population and Development Association (APDA) is concerned by the societal socio-economic impact COVID-19 has created in the region, including the impact on employment and in unpaid care work, impact on health, including reproductive health services, and the impact of domestic violence during lockdowns. Credit: Bhuwan Sharma/IPS By Cecilia RussellJOHANNESBURG, South Africa, Sep 17 2020 (IPS) The negative impact of the coronavirus pandemic is likely to be felt long after the COVID-19 health risk is resolved, a high-level meeting under the auspices of the Asian Population and Development Association (APDA), heard. ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Cecilia Russell Tags: Aid Development & Aid Economy & Trade Editors' Choice Featured Headlines Health Population Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nations Trade & Investment Asian Population and Development Association (APDA) International Conference on P Source Type: news

Overcoming the limitations of 'accident' as a manner of death for drug overdose mortality: case for a death certificate checkbox - Rockett IRH, Caine ED, Connery HS, Nolte KB.
Collectively, the epidemic increases in the United States of opioid-related deaths and suicides during the first two decades of the 21st century have exposed shortcomings in current forensic and epidemiological approaches for determining and codifying mann... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Assessing the impact of coordinated COVID-19 exit strategies across Europe
As rates of new coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases decline across Europe owing to nonpharmaceutical interventions such as social distancing policies and lockdown measures, countries require guidance on how to ease restrictions while minimizing the risk of resurgent outbreaks. We use mobility and case data to quantify how coordinated exit strategies could delay continental resurgence and limit community transmission of COVID-19. We find that a resurgent continental epidemic could occur as many as 5 weeks earlier when well-connected countries with stringent existing interventions end their interventions prematurely. F...
Source: ScienceNOW - September 17, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Ruktanonchai, N. W., Floyd, J. R., Lai, S., Ruktanonchai, C. W., Sadilek, A., Rente-Lourenco, P., Ben, X., Carioli, A., Gwinn, J., Steele, J. E., Prosper, O., Schneider, A., Oplinger, A., Eastham, P., Tatem, A. J. Tags: Medicine, Diseases r-articles Source Type: news

‘Self-Care’ Urged for Women Caregivers Amid Pandemic
The CDC released new practical guidance last week on how women facing unique challenges during the epidemic can care for both themselves and others. (Source: WebMD Health)
Source: WebMD Health - September 16, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Pandemics and epidemics could exacerbate racism xenophobia
(University of Pittsburgh) Human beings share these same biological impulses as other animals to separate into modular social groups. However, when pathogens are spreading, humans tend to also adopt behaviors that are " hyper vigilant and particularly error prone, " against those with different phenotypes. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - September 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Building a test and trace system isn't easy, but there's no excuse for Johnson's shambles | David McCoy
Responding to coronavirus with an over-centralised and semi-privatised design was never going to turn out wellCoronavirus – latest updatesSee all our coronavirus coverageCovid-19 was never going to be easy to tackle. It ’s contagious. It can be spread by infected people who have no symptoms. And it is lethal for a considerable proportion of the population. Furthermore, in the absence of an effective and safe vaccine, preventing the epidemic through lockdowns and other restrictions on social and economic life invo lves significant collateral damage.But we knewfrom the very beginning of the pandemic that one of t...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - September 15, 2020 Category: Science Authors: David McCoy Tags: Coronavirus outbreak Infectious diseases World news UK news Conservatives Politics Science Source Type: news

Fears Covid may leave thousands in UK with severe kidney disease
Experts warn the long-term effects of virus are causing an ‘epidemic in primary care’Coronavirus – latest updatesSee all our coronavirus coverageTens of thousands of people may require kidney dialysis or transplants because of coronavirus, according to experts who warn the long-term effects of Covid are causing an “epidemic in primary care”.Up to 90% of coronavirus patients admitted to hospital may still experience symptoms two to three months later – from breathlessness to joint pain, fatigue and chest pain – scientists told the Lords science and technology committee on Tuesday.Co...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - September 15, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Nicola Davis Science correspondent Tags: Coronavirus outbreak Science NHS UK news Health Infectious diseases Society Source Type: news

Mozambique: Coronavirus Epidemic Not Yet At Its Peak
[AIM] Maputo -- The Mozambican health authorities believe the country is still a long way from reaching the peak of infection by the coronavirus that causes the Covid-19 respiratory disease. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - September 15, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Application of deep learning for characterization of drivers' engagement in secondary tasks in in-vehicle systems - Osman OA, Rakha H.
Distracted driving (i.e., engaging in secondary tasks) is an epidemic that threatens the lives of thousands every year. Data collected from vehicular sensor technologies and through connectivity provide comprehensive information that, if used to detect dri... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Controlling urban traffic-one of the useful methods to ensure safety in Wuhan based on COVID-19 outbreak - Chen Y, Wang Y, Wang H, Hu Z, Hua L.
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) broke out in Wuhan, China. As of March 9, 2020, this epidemic has occurred in 102 countries and caused 3584 deaths with global serious concern. To cope with the outbreak, Chinese governments have strictly controlled urba... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Nigeria: 32% of Under-5 in Nigeria Stunted, Second Highest in the World - UNICEF
[Vanguard] With Nigeria having the second highest burden of stunted children in the world, with a national prevalence rate of 32 per cent of children under five, according to the United Nations Children's Fund, UNICEF, nutritionists have raised the alarm that malnutrition is now an epidemic in the country. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - September 15, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Bill Gates on Coronavirus, Vaccines and Global Health
The Covid-19 pandemic has set back public health efforts by years. But in an interview, the tech philanthropist expressed hope about new avenues for foreign aid (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - September 15, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Donald G. McNeil Jr. Tags: Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) United States Politics and Government Vaccination and Immunization Humanitarian Aid Epidemics Third World and Developing Countries Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Gates, Bill and Melinda, Foundation World Health Source Type: news

Opinion: Demand for mental health services are rising in the workplace
In the midst of widespread health and financial hardships brought upon by the Covid-19 pandemic, a suicide epidemic has swept through workplaces in recent years, writes Heather Ford. (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - September 15, 2020 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Heather Ford Source Type: news

Opinion: Demand for mental health services are rising in the workplace
In the midst of widespread health and financial hardships brought upon by the Covid-19 pandemic, a suicide epidemic has swept through workplaces in recent years, writes Heather Ford. (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines - September 15, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Heather Ford Source Type: news

South Africa: Release of First National TB Prevalence Survey Should Not Be Delayed Any Longer
[spotlight] The most recent World Health Organization (WHO) World Tuberculosis Report estimates that in 2018, 301 000 people fell ill with TB in South Africa. The report also indicates that the real number may lie anywhere between 215 000 and 400 000 - an astonishingly wide margin. These wide margins illustrate one of the most concerning aspects of the TB epidemic in South Africa - we don't really know how many people get sick with the often deadly disease. (Source: AllAfrica News: Tuberculosis)
Source: AllAfrica News: Tuberculosis - September 14, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Stopping the spread of coronavirus in universities
As universities prepare to welcome students back, infectious disease modelling experts at the University of Bristol have conducted a rapid review and developed a new epidemic model which contributed to evidence considered by SAGE to assess the effectiveness of different interventions that could stop the spread of Sars-CoV-2 in a university setting. The findings, published on the preprint server medRxiv, provides the sector with recommendations to help reduce the risk for students, staff and the wider community. (Source: University of Bristol news)
Source: University of Bristol news - September 14, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Health, International, Research; Faculty of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Bristol Medical School, Faculty of Health Sciences, Population Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Bristol Veterinary School; Press Release Source Type: news

Domestic accidents among under-5 year children: a study on the modern day epidemic - Khan S, Tauheed N, Nawab S, Afzal S, Khalique N.
BACKGROUND: Domestic accidents are a priority problem, and urgent attention is required to prevent considerable morbidity and mortality in children of the under-five age group. Methods: Community based cross-section study done in the peri-urban areas o... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Epidemiological determinants of road traffic accidents: a cross sectional study in Amravati, Maharashtra, India - Kizhatil A, Jawarkar AK, Lokare P, Deotale M.
BACKGROUND: Road traffic accidents (RTAs) represents a major epidemic of non-communicable disease in the present century affecting families, community and nation as a whole. OBJECTIVES were to study the epidemiological determinants of RTAs. Met... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

How are telehealth laws intersecting with laws addressing the opioid overdose epidemic? - Pepin D, Hulkower R, McCord RF.
Opioid-involved drug overdose deaths have been a growing concern in the United States for several decades. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention identified several strategies to address the opioid overdose epidemic, including increased availabilit... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

When epidemic and pandemic collide in senior care
For a widow who has outlived many of her friends, loneliness can make managing a chronic condition even worse. This is the case for Ann, a 75-year-old recently diagnosed with congestive heart failure and Stage 3 renal disease. Left to navigate her care alone, she has found herself bouncing back and forth from skilled nursing facility to home and has found it increasingly difficult to stay on top of her medication regimen. As we are faced with the monumental challenges of Covid-19 here in the U.S.,… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - September 14, 2020 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Jay LaBine Source Type: news

When epidemic and pandemic collide in senior care
For a widow who has outlived many of her friends, loneliness can make managing a chronic condition even worse. This is the case for Ann, a 75-year-old recently diagnosed with congestive heart failure and Stage 3 renal disease. Left to navigate her care alone, she has found herself bouncing back and forth from skilled nursing facility to home and has found it increasingly difficult to stay on top of her medication regimen. As we are faced with the monumental challenges of Covid-19 here in the U.S.,… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines - September 14, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Jay LaBine Source Type: news

When epidemic and pandemic collide in senior care
For a widow who has outlived many of her friends, loneliness can make managing a chronic condition even worse. This is the case for Ann, a 75-year-old recently diagnosed with congestive heart failure and Stage 3 renal disease. Left to navigate her care alone, she has found herself bouncing back and forth from skilled nursing facility to home and has found it increasingly difficult to stay on top of her medication regimen. As we are faced with the monumental challenges of Covid-19 here in the U.S.,… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - September 14, 2020 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Jay LaBine Source Type: news

Two Counties Sue Walmart Over Opioids
Two Arkansas counties have sued Walmart Inc. over allegations that the Bentonville retailer contributed to the opioid epidemic by failing to maintain tight controls when filling opioid prescriptions. (Source: Arkansas Business - Health Care)
Source: Arkansas Business - Health Care - September 14, 2020 Category: American Health Source Type: news

‘We’ve learned how we need to act’: Spain braces for second wave of Covid
Despite a big rise in infections, particularly among younger people, there is no sense of panic on the streets around MadridCoronavirus – latest updatesSee all our coronavirus coverageAn hour or so before lunch on Thursday, Ángela Falcón stepped out of the church of Our Lady of the Assumption and on to the hot and busy streets of Parla.“I’m scared and I very seldom come out but when I do, I stop by the church to pray,” said the 71-year-old.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - September 13, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Sam Jones in Parla Tags: Coronavirus outbreak World news Science Epidemics Spain Europe Infectious diseases Source Type: news

Coronavirus: UK epidemic growing as R number goes above 1
There are now worrying signs of infections in older as well as younger people, officials say. (Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition)
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - September 11, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Cochrane Rapid Review examines travel-related control measures to contain the COVID-19 pandemic
 Can travel-related control measures contain the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic?What are travel-related control measures?To contain the spread of COVID-19, numerous countries have implemented control measures related to international travel. These include:complete closure of borders (i.e. a total ban on any border crossings);partial travel restrictions (e.g. restrictions on air travel only, or restrictions on travellers from certain countries);entry or exit screening (e.g. when travellers are asked about symptoms, examined physically, or tested for infection when leaving or entering a country);quarantine of traveller...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - September 10, 2020 Category: Information Technology Authors: Muriah Umoquit Source Type: news

COVID-19 may have been in L.A. as early as last December, UCLA-led study suggests
This study was supported by the UCLA Department of Medicine. (Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences)
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - September 10, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

The Great Vaccine Race: Inside the Unprecedented Scramble to Immunize the World Against COVID-19
The cleverest of enemies thrive on surprise attacks. Viruses—and coronaviruses in particular—know this well. Remaining hidden in animal hosts for decades, they mutate steadily, sometimes serendipitously morphing into more effective and efficient infectious agents. When a strain with just the right combination of genetic codes that spell trouble for people makes the leap from animal to human, the ambush begins. Such was the case with SARS-CoV-2, the coronavirus behind COVID-19, and the attack was mostly silent and insidious at first. Many people infected with SARS-CoV-2 remained oblivious as they served as the v...
Source: TIME: Health - September 10, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Alice Park Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Magazine Source Type: news

COVID-19 Has Killed Nearly 200,000 Americans. How Many More Lives Will Be Lost Before the U.S. Gets It Right?
Forty-five days before the announcement of the first suspected case of what would become known as COVID-19, the Global Health Security Index was published. The project—led by the Nuclear Threat Initiative and the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security—assessed 195 countries on their perceived ability to handle a major disease outbreak. The U.S. ranked first. It’s clear the report was wildly overconfident in the U.S., failing to account for social ills that had accumulated in the country over the past few years, rendering it unprepared for what was about to hit. At some point in mid-September—perha...
Source: TIME: Health - September 10, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Alex Fitzpatrick and Elijah Wolfson Tags: Uncategorized Cover Story COVID-19 feature Magazine Source Type: news

Almost 2 Million Fewer U.S. Teenagers Are Vaping Now Compared to Last Year, CDC Data Show
Almost 2 million fewer U.S. teenagers report using e-cigarettes in 2020 compared to 2019, according to new data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). “Youth e-cigarette use remains an epidemic,” CDC Director Dr. Robert Redfield said in a statement released Wednesday, but the decline in underage vaping is dramatic. About 20% of U.S. high school students and 5% of middle schoolers who responded to the 2020 National Youth Tobacco Survey said they’d used an e-cigarette in the last 30 days, compared to 27.5% and 10.5% in 2019. That means about 3.6 million teenagers are now considered ...
Source: TIME: Health - September 9, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jamie Ducharme Tags: Uncategorized News Vaping Source Type: news

Youth Vaping Down, But Still Popular: CDC
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 9, 2020 -- The number of U.S. youths who use e-cigarettes fell from 5.4 million in 2019 to 3.6 million this year -- but vaping remains a dangerous epidemic among children and teens, a new government report shows. " Although the... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - September 9, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Can plasma and antibody therapies help as world awaits Covid-19 vaccine?
The treatments have been used to fight epidemics for decades but some scientists remain sceptical (Source: FT.com - Drugs and Healthcare)
Source: FT.com - Drugs and Healthcare - September 9, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Why COVID-19 Vaccines Need to Prioritize ‘ Superspreaders ’
This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article. The post Why COVID-19 Vaccines Need to Prioritize ‘Superspreaders’ appeared first on Inter Press Service. (Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health)
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: External Source Tags: Global Headlines Health COVID-19 Source Type: news

Dentists Are Seeing an Epidemic of Cracked Teeth. What ’s Going On?
When I reopened my dental practice in early June, the tooth fractures started coming in: at least one a day, every single day that I ’ve been in the office. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - September 9, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tammy Chen, D.D.S. Tags: Content Type: Service Teeth and Dentistry Bruxism Anxiety and Stress Telecommuting Shutdowns (Institutional) Jaw (Body Part) Telemedicine Quarantines Mental Health and Disorders Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Source Type: news

Biopharma Leaders Unite To Stand With Science
NEW YORK, September 8, 2020 — The CEOs of AstraZeneca (LSE/STO/NYSE: AZN), BioNTech (NASDAQ: BNTX), GlaxoSmithKline plc (LSE/NYSE: GSK), Johnson & Johnson (NYSE: JNJ), Merck (NYSE: MRK), known as MSD outside the United States and Canada, Moderna, Inc. (Nasdaq: MRNA), Novavax, Inc. (Nasdaq: NVAX), Pfizer Inc. (NYSE: PFE), and Sanofi (NASDAQ: SNY), today announced a historic pledge, outlining a united commitment to uphold the integrity of the scientific process as they work towards potential global regulatory filings and approvals of the first COVID-19 vaccines. All nine CEOs signed the following pledge: We, the un...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - September 8, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Our Company Source Type: news

COVID-19: Lessons from the Losses
Clementine, a community health volunteer, meets with a mother and child. Credit: Lys Arango for Action Against Hunger, KenyaBy Dr Patrick AmothNAIROBI, Kenya, Sep 7 2020 (IPS) If countries considered Universal Health Coverage (UHC) a central policy in their health systems, the COVID-19 has surely demonstrated the need for its urgent and widespread roll out. The pandemic has upended world systems in a manner that no scientists or sophisticated global intelligence could have foreseen. Having been tapped to join the World Health Organization’s Executive Board to represent Africa midst this global crisis, I am persuaded...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Dr Patrick Amoth Tags: Africa Development & Aid Economy & Trade Education Headlines Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies Labour TerraViva United Nations Trade & Investment Source Type: news

Prevalence of anxiety and depression symptoms, and association with epidemic-related factors during the epidemic period of COVID-19 among 123,768 workers in China: a large cross-sectional study - Zhang XR, Huang QM, Wang XM, Cheng X, Li ZH, Wang ZH, Zhong WF, Liu D, Shen D, Chen PL, Song WQ, Wu XB, Yang X, Mao C.
BACKGROUND: COVID-19 has gained intense attention globally. However, little is known about the COVID-19-ralated mental health status among workers. METHODS: The cross-sectional online survey with 123,768 workers was conducted from February 2, 2020 to F... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

The prevalence and risk factors of psychological disturbances of frontline medical staff in China under the COVID-19 epidemic: workload should be concerned - Zhou Y, Wang W, Sun Y, Qian W, Liu Z, Wang R, Qi L, Yang J, Song X, Zhou X, Zeng L, Liu T, Li Z, Zhang X.
BACKGROUND: To our best knowledge, this was the first time to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of psychological disturbances, including depression, anxiety, somatization symptoms, insomnia and suicide, among frontline medical staff, who were wor... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

The psychological status of 8817 hospital workers during COVID-19 epidemic: a cross-sectional study in Chongqing - Xiaoming X, Ming A, Su H, Wo W, Jianmei C, Qi Z, Hua H, Xuemei L, Lixia W, Jun C, Lei S, Zhen L, Lian D, Jing L, Handan Y, Haitang Q, Xiaoting H, Xiaorong C, Ran C, Qinghua L, Xinyu Z, Jian T, Jing T, Guanghua J, Zhiqin H, Nkundimana B, Li K.
BACKGROUND: There was an outbreak of COVID-19 towards the end of 2019 in China, which spread all over the world rapidly. The Chinese healthcare system is facing a big challenge where hospital workers are experiencing enormous psychological pressure. This s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Successful engagement in buprenorphine treatment among hospitalized patients with opioid use disorder and trauma - Bhatraju EP, Ludwig-Barron N, Takagi-Stewart J, Sandhu HK, Klein JW, Tsui JI.
BACKGROUND: The opioid epidemic continues to cause significant morbidity and mortality. Although there are effective medications for opioid use disorder (OUD), a minority of patients receive these treatments. OUD is common among patients hospitalized for t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Warning: Epidemics are often followed by unrest
(Bocconi University) History teaches that social tension accumulated over an epidemic can lead to significant episodes of rebellion, according to a study. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Depression Has Skyrocketed During the COVID-19 Pandemic, Study Says
Almost as soon as coronavirus lockdowns went into effect in March, discussion turned to mental health. It’s well-documented that natural disasters, wars and other mass traumas can lead to significant increases in population-wide psychological distress. Weeks or months of anxiety, fear, sadness and social isolation can take their toll, leading many experts to fear the U.S. would face a mental health epidemic at the same time it fought a viral pandemic. Now, a study published in JAMA Network Open offers one of the first nationally representative estimates of how severe that epidemic may be: Three times as many American...
Source: TIME: Health - September 4, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jamie Ducharme Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news

Novel vaccine that blunts fentanyl effects and sequesters ultrapotent fentanyl analogues - Barrientos RC, Bow EW, Whalen C, Torres OB, Sulima A, Beck Z, Jacobson AE, Rice KC, Matyas GR.
In this study, we described the design, synthesis, formulation, and animal testing of an e fficacious vaccine against fentanyl. The vaccine formulation ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Development and applications of makeshift emergency hospitals - Lyu J, Li HX, Chen Y, Wang CJ, Li LM.
When wars, major disasters, or epidemics of the infectious diseases occur, existing medical facilities are usually unable to implement timely and effective treatment for patients, or the reception capacity is difficult to meet the surge in demand for healt... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news

GPs handled three times more suspected COVID-19 cases than official data show
Suspected COVID-19 cases recorded by GPs during the pandemic outnumber cases confirmed by testing by around three to one, according to research that shows 'much of the COVID-19 epidemic is being handled in primary care'. (Source: GP Online News)
Source: GP Online News - September 4, 2020 Category: Primary Care Tags: Coronavirus Source Type: news

Historical case studies on pandemics
(Kiel University) Whether it's the plague, cholera or currently COVID-19: epidemics are part of human history. Long before there were vaccinations or microscopes for the investigation of pathogens, societies had to develop coping strategies. These are described in the brochure 'Distant Times so Close: Pandemics and Crises reloaded', which is the first in a series of historical-archaeological publications on current topics published by the Cluster of Excellence 'ROOTS - Social, Environmental, and Cultural Connectivity in Past Societies' at Kiel University (CAU). (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - September 4, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Predicting rape events: the influence of intimate partner violence history, condom use resistance, and heavy drinking - Gulati NK, Stappenbeck CA, George WH, Davis KC.
Sexual aggression perpetration is a public health epidemic, and burgeoning research aims to delineate risk factors for individuals who perpetrate completed rape. The current study investigated physical and psychological intimate partner violence (IPV) hist... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news