Impact of fog conditions on lane-level speeds on freeways - Liu Y, Zou Y, Wang Y, Wu B.
Few studies have focused on the impacts of fog conditions on lane-based speeds on freeways. To explore speed differences and to predict speeds under fog conditions, this paper analyzed the historical traffic data and meteorological data at two freeway sect... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

How Climate Change May Be Contributing to Our Political Instability
If you pick up the newspaper these days, it’s hard not to be overwhelmed by the headlines: historic wildfires, a deadly pandemic and an impending U.S. election unlike any in recent memory. When you take a step back, it seems a bit like the fabric of society is fraying. Climate change isn’t entirely responsible for any of these problems, but there is a growing body of literature suggesting that climate change shapes political and social stability. Research has shown repeatedly that warmer temperatures and more extreme weather contribute to a slew of adverse outcomes: violent crime, political instability and the...
Source: TIME: Science - September 15, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Justin Worland Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Comprehensive study of risk factors for fatal pedestrian crashes in urban setup in a developing country - Mukherjee D, Mitra S.
In developing nations, pedestrian safety is a matter of major concern. The present study investigates historical crash data (2011-2016) obtained from Kolkata police, India, and identifies the key risk factors for fatal pedestrian crashes at the road networ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Secret bedfellows? The KGB, Carlos the Jackal and Cold War psychological warfare - H änni A.
This article contributes to the understanding of the emergence, character, and significance of conspiracy theories on state-terrorism relations by providing a historical case study on the "Carlos-KGB [Komitet gosudarstvennoy bezopasnosti] conspiracy theory... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Media, Marketing, and Internet Issues Source Type: news

Is the recent increase in national homicide abnormal? Testing the application of fan charts in monitoring national homicide trends over time - Yim HN, Riddell JR, Wheeler AP.
PURPOSE The goal of this study is to compare the increase in the 2015 national homicide rate to the historical data series and other violent crime rate changes. Methods We use ARIMA models and a one-step ahead forecasting technique to predict nationa... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

CS 9600 CBCT System Recognized as a Best of Class Technology Award Winner for Second Year in a Row
ATLANTA—Carestream Dental is proud to announce that the CS 9600, its smartest and most advanced CBCT extraoral imaging system, has received a 2020 Cellerant Best of Class Technology Award —the system’s second in a row. This multi-modality machine combines 2D imaging, CBCT imaging, object scanning, 3D facial scanning and optional cephalometric imaging into one powerful platform designed to meet the needs of all oral healthcare providers. The 2020 Cellerant Best of Class Technology Award is selected by a panel of the most prominent technology leaders in dentistry: John Flucke, DDS, technology edit...
Source: Dental Technology Blog - September 11, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: news

The Debt the Government Does Not Want to Recognize
By Saul Escobar ToledoMEXICO CITY, Sep 11 2020 (IPS) The national occupation and employment survey prepared by INEGI, with figures updated to July 2020, shows an improvement that has occurred in the last two months. However, the employment situation, compared with the data existing before the pandemic still shows serious problems: Saul Escobar ToledoOf the 12 million who left the labor market since the beginning of April, 7.2 have already returned; the other 4,800,000 declared they needed a job, but they are not looking for one. In addition, another important portion of the workforce became part of the people characterize...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Saul Escobar Toledo Tags: Development & Aid Economy & Trade Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies Labour Latin America & the Caribbean TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

Paul de Lagarde (1827-1891) - scholar and anti-Semite
(University of G ö ttingen) Who was Paul de Lagarde? Researchers from Egyptology and Coptic Studies at the University of G ö ttingen, with the Moses Mendelssohn Center for European Jewish Studies in Potsdam (MMZ), worked on a historical re-assessment of the life and work of the G ö ttingen Orientalist (1827-1891). The researchers focussed on the political and ideological aspects of the scholar's œ uvre, in particular on Lagarde's anti-Semitism. Their conclusions were published in the series " European Jewish Studies " by De Gruyter. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 10, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Historical climate fluctuations in Central Europe overestimated due to tree ring analysis
(Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)) Tree rings exaggerate, a team of researchers finds. Scientists deduce historical climatic conditions for the past hundreds of years from the width of the annual growth rings of trees. Previous temperature reconstructions from the annual tree rings are however to some extent inaccurate, according to a new study published in Climate Dynamics. Tree rings overstate the natural climatic variations of past centuries. A comparison of data from church and city archives shows that the climate has developed much more evenly. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - September 10, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

How hunting helped shape elite society
(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) MIT historian's new book examines the political value early medieval European kings and nobles found in a royal ritual. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 10, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Keystone predators govern the pathway and pace of climate impacts in a subarctic marine ecosystem
Predator loss and climate change are hallmarks of the Anthropocene yet their interactive effects are largely unknown. Here, we show that massive calcareous reefs, built slowly by the alga Clathromorphum nereostratum over centuries to millennia, are now declining because of the emerging interplay between these two processes. Such reefs, the structural base of Aleutian kelp forests, are rapidly eroding because of overgrazing by herbivores. Historical reconstructions and experiments reveal that overgrazing was initiated by the loss of sea otters, Enhydra lutris (which gave rise to herbivores capable of causing bioerosion), an...
Source: ScienceNOW - September 10, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Rasher, D. B., Steneck, R. S., Halfar, J., Kroeker, K. J., Ries, J. B., Tinker, M. T., Chan, P. T. W., Fietzke, J., Kamenos, N. A., Konar, B. H., Lefcheck, J. S., Norley, C. J. D., Weitzman, B. P., Westfield, I. T., Estes, J. A. Tags: Ecology reports Source Type: news

Evidence for repeated failure of the giant Yigong landslide on the edge of the Tibetan Plateau - Guo C, Montgomery DR, Zhang Y, Zhong N, Fan C, Wu R, Yang Z, Ding Y, Jin J, Yan Y.
Field surveys and radiocarbon dating of detrital materials provide evidence that repeated landslides dammed the Yigong Tsangpo River ca. 3500 BC, 1300 BC, 1000 BC, 600 BC, and twice more recently. Together with historical slides in 1900 and 2000, these six... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news

Rethinking business: Disruptions like the corona crisis also create new opportunities
(University of Cologne) Study analyses importance of historical times of change and the significance of disruptions for new success strategies. Examples show how the corona situation may benefit new ventures. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The Autry Museum's CEO is retiring. A UCLA historian will take over
The Autry Museum of the American West leader, a champion of contemporary Native art, is credited with transforming the institution. (Source: L.A. Times - Health)
Source: L.A. Times - Health - September 8, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Deborah Vankin Source Type: news

Biopharma Leaders Unite To Stand With Science
NEW YORK, September 8, 2020 — The CEOs of AstraZeneca (LSE/STO/NYSE: AZN), BioNTech (NASDAQ: BNTX), GlaxoSmithKline plc (LSE/NYSE: GSK), Johnson & Johnson (NYSE: JNJ), Merck (NYSE: MRK), known as MSD outside the United States and Canada, Moderna, Inc. (Nasdaq: MRNA), Novavax, Inc. (Nasdaq: NVAX), Pfizer Inc. (NYSE: PFE), and Sanofi (NASDAQ: SNY), today announced a historic pledge, outlining a united commitment to uphold the integrity of the scientific process as they work towards potential global regulatory filings and approvals of the first COVID-19 vaccines. All nine CEOs signed the following pledge: We, the un...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - September 8, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Our Company Source Type: news

Historical case studies on pandemics
(Kiel University) Whether it's the plague, cholera or currently COVID-19: epidemics are part of human history. Long before there were vaccinations or microscopes for the investigation of pathogens, societies had to develop coping strategies. These are described in the brochure 'Distant Times so Close: Pandemics and Crises reloaded', which is the first in a series of historical-archaeological publications on current topics published by the Cluster of Excellence 'ROOTS - Social, Environmental, and Cultural Connectivity in Past Societies' at Kiel University (CAU). (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - September 4, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Music Collective ‘ Megative ’ Dubs Out the Negative
The members of Megative, with Gus van Go (far left). Credit: Daviston JeffersBy SWANPARIS, Sep 2 2020 (IPS) Even as their income dries up and their touring opportunities disappear because of the Covid-19 pandemic, some artists are using their work to call out injustice, criticize inept leaders and spark social change. The members of Megative – a Brooklyn-based, reggae-dub-punk collective – are among those aiming to fight negative global currents, and they’re doing so through edgy, scorching music. “I think activism is the most important thing we have right now in 2020. It’s do or die right now...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: SWAN Tags: Arts Civil Society Global Headlines Health Source Type: news

The tip of the spear of today's Marxism: The LGBT movement
(Natural News) In its pre-election purge of conservative scholarship and inconvenient historical truths, Amazon has just banned my book “The Pink Swastika: Homosexuality in the Nazi Party,” which I co-authored in 1995 with Orthodox Jewish Holocaust researcher, Kevin Abrams. I will discuss that below, but first a word about the “cancel culture” and where the... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - September 1, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

What quarantining around the world really looks like
It's hard to remember a time when quarantine wasn't a regular part of our vocabulary, yet, for most of us, it was only six months ago that we'd rarely heard the word used or spoken it aloud -- outside of describing a scene from an historical novel or a Hulu show. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - September 1, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Radiologist scrutinized for 'herd immunity' COVID theory
This article is a unbalanced view on a serious issue, it sounds politically motivated. A more balanced view can be found here: https://www.forbes.com/sites/ericmack/2020/07/07/sweden-stayed-open-and-more-people-died-of-covid-19-but-the-real-reason-may-be-something-darker/#a017b0969bdc 9/1/2020 7:17:16 AMCastlevania Covid19 is a disease of the elderly and the obese. Modern civilizations and economies have these in general, especially places like the USA - both are historical and natural aberrations. Something to keep in mind.   The love of freedom in the world is also at an all time low, but it's not dead, ye...
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - September 1, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: news

Systematic human rights violations, traumatic events, daily stressors and mental health of Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh - Riley A, Akther Y, Noor M, Ali R, Welton-Mitchell C.
BACKGROUND: Almost 900,000 Rohingya refugees currently reside in refugee camps in Southeastern Bangladesh. Prior to fleeing Myanmar, Rohingya experienced years of systematic human rights violations, in addition to other historical and more recent traumatic... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Understanding aging policies in China: a bibliometric analysis of policy documents, 1978-2019 - Nan Y, Feng T, Hu Y, Qi X.
Aging poses a big challenge in all aspects of social governance in China. A coherent and focused aging policy response that spans multiple sectors of government has been undertaken to achieve the goal of "Healthy Aging". From an historical perspective, thi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

How Data Visualization During Public Health Crises Has Saved Lives for Centuries
When publicized far and wide enough, infographics, some experts argue, can save lives. The communicative value in visualizing data towards improving public health outcomes is long-established, going back over two centuries. And while the earliest examples were intended to inform discussion and debate among an elite social sphere, they also sought to address real-world problems. From 1820 to 1830, an enthusiasm for statistics began to emerge across the western world, leading to an era of statistics concerned with reform. It was led by individuals who sought to disrupt what they saw as the chaos of politics and replace it wi...
Source: TIME: Health - August 26, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Murray Dick / The MIT Press Reader Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 health Public Health syndication Source Type: news

Proven: Historical climate changes occurred simultaneously in several parts of the world
(University of Copenhagen) A new study published by researchers from the University of Copenhagen and partner institutions has proven that repeated and abrupt climate changes during the last ice age occurred simultaneously in South America, Southeast Asia, Europe and Greenland. Abrupt climate change can be as problematic as gradual change and we should deal with the risks associated with abrupt scenarios, suggests a UCPH researcher. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Paying for cell and gene therapy - Is the future already here?
The ascent of cell and gene therapies over the past few years has been astonishing. And their rise looks unstoppable: By 2025, the FDA expects it will be reviewing 10 to 20 of these transformative drugs per year.    But as we listen to affordability concerns from payers, providers and patients, we ’ve also had to ask, perhaps a bit provocatively, how we can afford to pay for this boom in future cures?  " Without solutions to help payers manage the cost, some of our members may make the choice to exclude coverage " , stated insurer CVS Health earlier in the year in its position paper on ...
Source: EyeForPharma - August 25, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Ulrich Neumann Source Type: news

Paying for cell and gene therapy - Is the future already here?
The ascent of cell and gene therapies over the past few years has been astonishing. And their rise looks unstoppable: By 2025, the FDA expects it will be reviewing 10 to 20 of these transformative drugs per year.    But as we listen to affordability concerns from payers, providers and patients, we ’ve also had to ask, perhaps a bit provocatively, how we can afford to pay for this boom in future cures?  " Without solutions to help payers manage the cost, some of our members may make the choice to exclude coverage " , stated insurer CVS Health earlier in the year in its position paper on ...
Source: EyeForPharma - August 25, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Ulrich Neumann Source Type: news

Exclusive: The Scientist Who Sequenced the First COVID-19 Genome Speaks Out About the Controversies Surrounding His Work
Over the past few years, Professor Zhang Yongzhen has made it his business to sequence thousands of previously unknown viruses. But he knew straight away that this one was particularly nasty. It was about 1:30 p.m. on Jan. 3 that a metal box arrived at the drab, beige buildings that house the Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center. Inside was a test tube packed in dry ice that contained swabs from a patient suffering from a peculiar pneumonia sweeping China’s central city of Wuhan. But little did Zhang know that that box would also unleash a vicious squall of blame and geopolitical acrimony worthy of Pandora herself....
Source: TIME: Health - August 25, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Charlie Campbell / Shanghai Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 overnight Source Type: news

Exclusive: The Chinese Scientist Who Sequenced the First COVID-19 Genome Speaks Out About the Controversies Surrounding His Work
Over the past few years, Professor Zhang Yongzhen has made it his business to sequence thousands of previously unknown viruses. But he knew straight away that this one was particularly nasty. It was about 1:30 p.m. on Jan. 3 that a metal box arrived at the drab, beige buildings that house the Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center. Inside was a test tube packed in dry ice that contained swabs from a patient suffering from a peculiar pneumonia sweeping China’s central city of Wuhan. But little did Zhang know that that box would also unleash a vicious squall of blame and geopolitical acrimony worthy of Pandora herself....
Source: TIME: Science - August 25, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Charlie Campbell / Shanghai Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 overnight Source Type: news

Exclusive: The Chinese Scientist Who Sequenced the First COVID-19 Genome Speaks Out About the Controversies Surrounding His Work
Over the past few years, Professor Zhang Yongzhen has made it his business to sequence thousands of previously unknown viruses. But he knew straight away that this one was particularly nasty. It was about 1:30 p.m. on Jan. 3 that a metal box arrived at the drab, beige buildings that house the Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center. Inside was a test tube packed in dry ice that contained swabs from a patient suffering from a peculiar pneumonia sweeping China’s central city of Wuhan. But little did Zhang know that that box would also unleash a vicious squall of blame and geopolitical acrimony worthy of Pandora herself....
Source: TIME: Health - August 25, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Charlie Campbell / Shanghai Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 overnight Source Type: news

Black - White Disparity in Lung Cancer Incidence Eliminated
Historical trend of increased incidence in Blacks versus Whites disappeared in men, reversed in women (Source: The Doctors Lounge - Oncology)
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Oncology - August 24, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Family Medicine, Internal Medicine, Oncology, Pulmonology, Journal, Source Type: news

Aggregation, disaggregation and decomposition methods in traffic assignment: historical perspectives and new trends - Raadsen MPH, Bliemer MCJ, Bell MGH.
In this study we provide a comprehensive review of the existing literature on (dis)aggregation and decomposition methods in traffic assignment and classify them based on their characteristics. The study takes on two different perspectives. First, we explor... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Fatal farm injuries to Canadian children - Voaklander DC, Rudolphi JM, Berg R, Drul C, Belton KL, Pickett W.
Children on Canadian farms are at high risk for fatal injury. Ongoing surveillance of these deaths is required to affirm recurrent patterns of injury, and to determine whether historical approaches to prevention have resulted in declines in the occurrence ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Drowning, Suffocation Source Type: news

Obeying orders reduces vicarious brain activation towards victims' pain - Caspar EA, Ioumpa K, Keysers C, Gazzola V.
Past historical events and experimental research have shown complying with the orders from an authority has a strong impact on people's behaviour. However, the mechanisms underlying how obeying orders influences moral behaviours remain largely unknown. Her... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

A mushroom-related brush with mortality: how John Cage fell for fungi
Despite one foraging trip landing him in hospital, the avant garde composer held a lifelong passion for mycology, using his expertise to supply New York restaurants – and surprise Italian quiz show audiencesIn February 1959, while on a visit to fellow composerLuciano Berio in Milan, John Cageappeared five times on a popular Italian television quiz show called Lascia o Raddoppia? (Double or Nothing). Cage performed several new sound pieces at the beginning of each programme, much to the bemusement of the studio audience. He then answered questions on his specialist subject which, surprisingly, was not musical composit...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - August 19, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Sean O ’Hagan Tags: John Cage Art and design books Fungi Foraging Photography Culture Classical music Biology Science Life and style Source Type: news

Cross-country and historical variation in alcohol consumption among older men and women: leveraging recently harmonized survey data in 21 countries - Calvo E, Medina JT, Ornstein KA, Staudinger UM, Fried LP, Keyes KM.
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption causes greater harm in older than younger adults. As the population ages, understanding cross-country and time-varying drinking patterns of older adults is of critical importance. Available evidence relies primarily on ecolo... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Machine learning unearths signature of slow-slip quake origins in seismic data
(DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory) Combing through historical seismic data, researchers using a machine learning model have unearthed distinct statistical features marking the formative stage of slow-slip ruptures in the earth's crust months before tremor or GPS data detected a slip in the tectonic plates. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - August 18, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder: the historical evolution of concept from "irritable heart syndrome" to "psycho-organic disorder". Biological aspect - Sukiasyan SG, Soldatkin VA, Snedkov EV, Tadevosyan MY, Kryuchkova MN.
OBJECTIVE: To study a role of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in ex combatants. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty-seven ex combatants were studied. The duration of follow-up was 15-18 years. The diagno... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

👉 A Database of 5,000 Historical Cookbooks Is Now Online, and You Can Help Improve It - Gastro Obscura via Hvper.com
(Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - August 15, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Disasters and "conditions of possibility": rethinking causation through an analysis of Nepal earthquakes - Liechty M.
What causes a disaster's aftermath? Scholars have increasingly turned toward historical approaches that link outcomes to pre-disaster sociopolitical dynamics. Disasters lead to "critical junctures" that "trigger" events unfolding in the disaster's wake. In... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news

👉 A Database of 5,000 Historical Cookbooks Is Now Online, and You Can Help Improve It via Hvper.com
(Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - August 14, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

The effect of access to a designated interdisciplinary post-acute rehabilitation service on participant outcomes after brain injury - Borg DN, Nielsen M, Kennedy A, Drovandi C, Beadle E, Bohan JK, Watter K, Foster MM, Fleming J.
This study aimed to determine the influence of participation in a designated acquired brain injury (ABI) transitional rehabilitation service (ABI TRS) on outcome, in the context of a historical comparison group (HIST). DESIGN: A cohort s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Study of work zone traffic safety under adverse driving conditions with a microscopic traffic simulation approach - Hou G, Chen S.
Work zone traffic safety under adverse weather conditions has been a serious concern for drivers and transportation agencies. Existing studies on work zone traffic safety with statistical approaches are limited by the availability of data from historical c... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Remains of 17th century bishop support neolithic emergence of tuberculosis
(Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History) In a recent study published in Genome Biology, researchers from the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Lund University and the Swedish Natural Historical Museum present analysis of the highest quality ancient Mycobacterium tuberculosis genome to date, suggesting the pathogen is much younger than previously believed. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 14, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Historical redlining linked to premature births, lower birth weight babies
(University of California - Berkeley) Adverse birth outcomes -- including premature births, low birth weight babies and babies who are small for their gestational age -- are more likely to occur in neighborhoods that were once redlined, finds a new study by University of California, Berkeley, researchers. The results indicate that past discriminatory housing practices may be partly to blame for the disparities in infant and maternal health faced by people of color in the US. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - August 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Historical child abuse and intergenerational transmission: experiences of midlife women and their older-age mothers - Bifulco A, Jacobs C, Carraro E.
Historical reports of mothers' adverse experiences related to childhood neglect or abuse of her offspring have rarely been studied in older age samples. We know child maltreatment relates to life-long negative impacts including adult adversity, problem par... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Homicide committed by individuals with severe mental illnesses: a comparative study before and after the Tunisian revolution of January 14th, 2011 - Fekih-Romdhane F, Skandrani M, Dridi A, Ridha R, Cheour M.
BACKGROUND: Many studies have established a correlation between the increase of homicide rates, and economic crises and rapid social changes following historical events. We propose to analyse the impact of the Tunisian Revolution on homicide rates in Tunis... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Multilateral Bank Intermediation Must Help Developing Countries ’ Recovery
By Anis Chowdhury and Jomo Kwame SundaramSYDNEY and KUALA LUMPUR, Aug 7 2020 (IPS) International Monetary Fund (IMF) Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva has warned that developing countries would need more than the earlier estimated US$2.5 trillion to provide relief to affected families and businesses and expedite economic recovery. Anis Chowdhury With their limited fiscal capacities, developing countries will need to borrow more, increasing their often already high public debt burdens. Developing country debt has grown rapidly since the 2008-2009 global financial crisis (GFC), reaching historical highs even before the...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - August 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Anis Chowdhury and Jomo Kwame Sundaram Tags: Development & Aid Economy & Trade Featured Financial Crisis Global Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nations Jomo Kwame Sundaram & Anis Chowdhury Source Type: news

Biodiversity Loss Could be Making Us Sick – Here ’ s Why
This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article. The post Biodiversity Loss Could be Making Us Sick – Here’s Why appeared first on Inter Press Service. (Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health)
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - August 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: External Source Tags: Biodiversity Environment Global Headlines Health TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

Charles Darwin, Expression, and the Harmful Legacy of Eugenics
This article is adapted from Jessica Helfand’s book “Face,” an elaborately illustrated A to Z of the face, from historical mugshots to Instagram posts. Hardly the first to postulate on the graphic evidence of the grimace, Darwin hoped to introduce a system by which facial expressions might be properly evaluated. He shared with many of his generation a predisposition toward history: simply put, the idea that certain facial traits might have a basis in evolution. Empirically, the idea itself is not unreasonable. We are, after all, genetically predisposed to share traits with those in our familial line, occa...
Source: TIME: Health - August 4, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jessica Helfand / The MIT Press Reader Tags: Uncategorized Psychology syndication Source Type: news

Religion & the Pandemic: A Call Beyond the Here & Now
Religions for Peace Interreligious Council of Albania distributing Covid relief supplies from the Multi-religious Humanitarian Fund. Credit: Erzen CarjaBy Prof. Azza KaramNEW YORK, Aug 4 2020 (IPS) — I have never been interested in religion or spirituality before, but I found myself tuning in to all sorts of on-line religion and spirituality related forums “in search of something.” These are the words of a 30-something single young, middle class man (born into a Protestant-Catholic family background) in a European country. The latter is known more for turning several churches into museums or shopping ce...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - August 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Azza Karam Tags: Civil Society Featured Global Headlines Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies Inequity Religion TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news