Edward Jenner Pioneered Vaccination. Will His Museum Survive a Pandemic?
The site where Dr. Jenner first inoculated people against smallpox has struggled in the coronavirus lockdowns, one of hundreds of museums in Britain teetering amid the closures. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - March 29, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Megan Specia Tags: Museums Jenner, Edward Smallpox Vaccination and Immunization Historic Buildings and Sites Great Britain England Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Quarantine (Life and Culture) Source Type: news

How Mary Wortley Montagu's bold experiment led to smallpox vaccine – 75 years before Jenner
A new book celebrates the trailblazing work of the English aristocrat, who successfully inoculated her daughterIt was a daring and dangerous experiment that paved the way for the development of the first safe vaccine and saved countless lives. Yet whenLady Mary Wortley Montagu deliberately infected her own daughter with a tiny dose ofsmallpox– successfully inoculating the three-year-old child in 1721 – her ideas were dismissed and she was denounced by 18th-century society as an “ignorant woman” .Three hundred years later, on the anniversary of that first groundbreaking inoculation on English soil, a...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - March 28, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Donna Ferguson Tags: Vaccines and immunisation Books UK news History Epidemics Health Science Medical research Culture World news Aristocracy Society Source Type: news

Science Saturday: Vaccine efforts move forward at Mayo Clinic
Humanity has taken on infectious agents, such as the virus that causes smallpox, and won. But cheer quietly. Smallpox eradication took 200 years, and it's just one of the many diseases out there. But hey, researchers are nothing if not persistent, right? A Mayo Clinic lab member is purifying an adenovirus vector for preclinical testing. That's [...] (Source: News from Mayo Clinic)
Source: News from Mayo Clinic - March 27, 2021 Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news

Over 200 years ago, a bold smallpox experiment in a New England town proved the success of vaccines
The demonstration involving 12 young smallpox vaccine pioneers was a landmark for public acceptance of vaccination. (Source: Washington Post: To Your Health)
Source: Washington Post: To Your Health - February 27, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Erin Blakemore Source Type: news

We ’ll Probably Never Eliminate COVID-19 from the U.S. It’s Still Worth Trying
2021 got off to a grim pandemic start in the U.S. A huge surge in COVID-19 cases followed the holiday season, peaking at around 300,000 new cases on Jan. 8, 2020. More than 20,000 Americans lost their lives to the virus in a single week in January alone and over 146,00 in total have died since the start of the year. But six weeks later, the picture looks more promising. New daily cases have fallen sharply, daily deaths have fallen to levels not seen since Thanksgiving, and the pace of vaccine roll-out is speeding up. These positive trends mean that we can now begin to ask what the endgame might look like. Would we be happy...
Source: TIME: Health - February 25, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: William Hanage and Gavin Yamey Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news

Vaccination passports are nothing new – and the sooner we have them, the better | Letter
I still have the stamped and dated certificates for smallpox and yellow fever that were required for travel in the 1950s and 60s, writesDr David BoswellJust before the inoculation programme was rolled out, I wrote to my GP pointing out that soon travel agents, airlines and other countries would require certificates of vaccination against Covid-19, and asking what was being done to provide these (Coronavirus vaccine strategy needs rethink after resistant variants emerge, say scientists, 8 February). I got no reply.Now this is a major issue. Yet one is only given a tiny card recording the date and type of vaccine. This is cl...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - February 10, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Letters Tags: Vaccines and immunisation Coronavirus Infectious diseases Medical research Microbiology Science World news Health Travel Source Type: news

Intellectual Property Cause of Death, Genocide
By Jomo Kwame Sundaram and Anis ChowdhuryKUALA LUMPUR and SYDNEY, Feb 9 2021 (IPS) Refusal to temporarily suspend several World Trade Organization (WTO) intellectual property (IP) provisions to enable much faster and broader progress in addressing the COVID-19 pandemic should be grounds for International Criminal Court prosecution for genocide. Jomo Kwame SundaramMaking life-saving vaccines, medicines and equipment available, freely or affordably, has been crucial for containing the spread of many infectious diseases such as tuberculosis, HIV-AIDS, polio and smallpox. Jonas Salk, who developed the polio vaccine, insisted...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - February 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jomo Kwame Sundaram and Anis Chowdhury Tags: Crime & Justice Development & Aid Economy & Trade Global Headlines Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

Could understanding the history of anti-vaccine sentiment help us to overcome it?
Ever since Edward Jenner developed the first vaccine for smallpox there have been opportunistic people willing to spread misinformation. As the Covid-19 vaccines are administered, what ’s the best way to counter them?Sarah and her brother Benjamin (not their real names) have never seen eye to eye. She ’s a professional scientist, he – according to Sarah’s description – is someone who is susceptible to conspiracy theories. They maintained an uneasy truce until a few weeks ago. Tensions came to a head when Sarah was on the phone to her mum, talking her through the online procedure to book a slot...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - January 26, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Laura Spinney Tags: Vaccines and immunisation Health Society Source Type: news

A Look at Past Vaccine Drives: Smallpox, Polio and the Swine Flu
As governments begin rolling out the biggest vaccine drives in history, a look at mass vaccination campaigns of the past offers insight into mistakes. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - January 25, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jenny Gross Tags: Smallpox Vaccination and Immunization Swine Influenza Epidemics Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Source Type: news

Five Past Vaccine Drives and How They Worked
As governments begin rolling out the biggest vaccine drives in history, a look at mass vaccination campaigns of the past offers insight into mistakes. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - January 25, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jenny Gross Tags: Smallpox Vaccination and Immunization Swine Influenza Epidemics Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Source Type: news

South Africa: Immunisation Record Risks Being Dented By Anti-Vaccination Views
[The Conversation Africa] Vaccination has eradicated smallpox, nearly eradicated polio, and led to major reductions of serious infectious diseases. These include diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, and measles. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - January 22, 2021 Category: African Health Source Type: news

TNCs Reviving TPP Frankenstein
By Jomo Kwame SundaramKUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia, Jan 12 2021 (IPS) The incoming Biden administration is under tremendous pressure to demonstrate better US economic management. Trade negotiations normally take years to conclude, if at all. Unsurprisingly, lobbyists are already urging the next US administration to quickly embrace and deliver a new version of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). Jomo Kwame Sundaram Trump legacy Repackaging and reselling a TPP avatar will not be easy. Well before Trump’s election, even the official mid-2016 International Trade Commission’s assessment doubted Peterson Institute of Int...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - January 12, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jomo Kwame Sundaram Tags: Economy & Trade Featured Financial Crisis Global Globalisation Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse North America TerraViva United Nations Trade & Investment Source Type: news

mRNA Technology Gave Us the First COVID-19 Vaccines. It Could Also Upend the Drug Industry
“No!” The doctor snapped. “Look at me!” I had been staring her in the eyes, as she had ordered, but when a doctor on my other side began jabbing me with a needle, I started to turn my head. “Don’t look at it,” the first doctor said. I obeyed. This was in early August in New Orleans, where I had signed up to be a participant in the clinical trial for the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine. It was a blind study, which meant I was not supposed to know whether I had gotten the placebo or the real vaccine. I asked the doctor if I would really been able to tell by looking at the syringe. &...
Source: TIME: Science - January 11, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Walter Isaacson Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 feature Magazine Source Type: news

mRNA Technology Gave Us the First COVID-19 Vaccines. It Could Also Upend the Drug Industry
“No!” The doctor snapped. “Look at me!” I had been staring her in the eyes, as she had ordered, but when a doctor on my other side began jabbing me with a needle, I started to turn my head. “Don’t look at it,” the first doctor said. I obeyed. This was in early August in New Orleans, where I had signed up to be a participant in the clinical trial for the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine. It was a blind study, which meant I was not supposed to know whether I had gotten the placebo or the real vaccine. I asked the doctor if I would really been able to tell by looking at the syringe. &...
Source: TIME: Health - January 11, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Walter Isaacson Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 feature Magazine Source Type: news

An Appreciation for Vaccines, and How Far They Have Come
The DTP vaccine teaches us about how brilliant vaccine technology can be, but also how it can be studied and improved over time. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - January 11, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Perri Klass, M.D. Tags: Whooping Cough Vaccination and Immunization Tetanus Smallpox Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Children and Childhood Diphtheria Poliomyelitis Source Type: news

Here ’s What’s Behind Americans’ Uneasy Relationship With Vaccines
Time was, nobody quarreled with the idea of a new vaccine. In 1955, church bells rang and headlines blared when Jonas Salk announced that his new vaccine against polio was safe, effective and powerful. Similar, if more subdued, enthusiasm greeted the introduction of the measles vaccine in 1963 and the global eradication of smallpox in 1980. But we live in a more suspicious and cynical time. Even as the world has desperately awaited the development of the recently introduced COVID-19 vaccines, only 70% of Americans say they will take them, according to a recent Kaiser Family Foundation poll. Fewer than half of Americans rec...
Source: TIME: Health - December 18, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jeffrey Kluger Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news

How New York City Vaccinated 6 Million People in Less Than a Month
When a single case of smallpox arrived in Manhattan in 1947, a severe outbreak was possible. A decisive civil servant made a bold decision. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - December 18, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: John Florio and Ouisie Shapiro Tags: Vaccination and Immunization Smallpox Epidemics Advertising Council ' Dwyer, William New York City Weinstein, Israel Content Type: Personal Profile Source Type: news

Misinformation on Social Media Fuels Vaccine Hesitancy: a Global Study Shows the Link
This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article. The post Misinformation on Social Media Fuels Vaccine Hesitancy: a Global Study Shows the Link appeared first on Inter Press Service. (Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health)
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - December 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: External Source Tags: Global Headlines Health TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

Vaccines Are Coming, but Pandemic Experts Expect a'Horrible' Winter
With vaccines and a new administration, the pandemic will be tamed. But experts say the coming months “are going to be just horrible.” (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - December 1, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Donald G. McNeil Jr. Tags: Presidential Transition (US) Presidential Election of 2020 Clinical Trials Smallpox Vaccination and Immunization Medicine and Health Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Governors (US) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention AstraZeneca PLC Eli Source Type: news

Tales From The Vaccine Vault: 30 Facts About Smallpox And The Coronavirus
If the coronavirus caused scars like smallpox did, people who can ’t be bothered with social distancing might be more careful. (Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News)
Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News - November 20, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Rebecca Coffey, Contributor Tags: Science /science Innovation /innovation Healthcare /healthcare Coronavirus Source Type: news

The Daily Mail has turned against the anti-vaxxers it used to champion | Polly Toynbee
As the paper lends its support to a Covid vaccine, don ’t expect any acknowledgement of the damage it did over MMRAnti-vaxxers are as old as the very first vaccine. Edward Jenner, who saved the world from the scourge of smallpox, facedferocious opposition.When Prince Albert unveiled a posthumous statue to him inTrafalgar Square in 1858, it was met withvirulent opposition from anti-vaxxers, backed by the military who regarded Trafalgar Square plinths as exclusively theirs.Pulling down statues is nothing new or “woke”. The Times called for Jenner’s to be removed and within a year of Albert’s dea...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - November 13, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Polly Toynbee Tags: Coronavirus Vaccines and immunisation Daily Mail Health Infectious diseases Media Medical research National newspapers & magazines Science Society World news Paul Dacre Source Type: news

The Covid Pandemic: Broadening the Discourse
Thailand’s COVID-19 response an example of resilience and solidarity: a UN Resident Coordinator’s BlogBy Asoka BandarageCOLOMBO, Sri Lanka, Nov 10 2020 (IPS) SARS-CoV-2, the corona virus that causes COVID-19, has been spreading exponentially across the world over the last ten or so months. As of November 6th, according to the Center for Systems Science at Johns Hopkins University, there have been 49,195,581 cases of COVID-19, including 1,241,031 deaths. More than a third of the global population has been placed on lockdown. The global economy is experiencing the deepest global recession since World War 2 and m...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - November 10, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Asoka Bandarage Tags: Featured Global Headlines Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies Peace TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

J. Michael Lane, a General in the Rout of Smallpox, Dies at 84
At the C.D.C., he waged a 13-year campaign to vanquish a deadly infectious disease that had ravaged the world for centuries. Victory came in 1977. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - October 21, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Robert D. McFadden Tags: Deaths (Obituaries) Smallpox Centers for Disease Control and Prevention World Health Organization Vaccination and Immunization Lane, J Michael (1936-2020) Doctors Source Type: news

Scientists to Infect Volunteers With COVID - 19 in Challenge Trial
Challenge trials have long history, going back to development of smallpox vaccine in 1796 (Source: Pulmonary Medicine News - Doctors Lounge)
Source: Pulmonary Medicine News - Doctors Lounge - October 21, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Family Medicine, Gynecology, Infections, Internal Medicine, Critical Care, Emergency Medicine, Nursing, Pathology, Pharmacy, Pulmonology, Institutional, Source Type: news

U.K. Plans ‘Challenge Trials,’ Which Will Intentionally Give People COVID-19 to Test Vaccines
On Oct. 20, researchers at the Imperial College of London announced plans for the first human challenge study of COVID-19, which involves deliberately infecting volunteers with the virus that causes the disease, in order to test the effectiveness of vaccines. The strategy is controversial, as researchers have to weigh the risks of infection against the benefits of learning how well the various vaccine candidates can fight that infection. The strongest argument in favor of the studies has to do with time. If cases of COVID-19 are waning, then the likelihood that people who are vaccinated would get exposed to and potentially...
Source: TIME: Science - October 20, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Alice Park Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news

U.K. Plans ‘Challenge Trials,’ Which Will Intentionally Give People COVID-19 to Test Vaccines
On Oct. 20, researchers at the Imperial College of London announced plans for the first human challenge study of COVID-19, which involves deliberately infecting volunteers with the virus that causes the disease, in order to test the effectiveness of vaccines. The strategy is controversial, as researchers have to weigh the risks of infection against the benefits of learning how well the various vaccine candidates can fight that infection. The strongest argument in favor of the studies has to do with time. If cases of COVID-19 are waning, then the likelihood that people who are vaccinated would get exposed to and potentially...
Source: TIME: Health - October 20, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Alice Park Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news

How do pandemics end? In different ways, but it ’s never quick and never neat | Mark Honigsbaum
Just like the Black Death, influenza and smallpox, Covid-19 will affect almost every aspect of our of lives – even after a vaccine turns upOn 7 September 1854, in the middle of a raging cholera epidemic, the physician John Snow approached the board of guardians of St James ’s parish for permission toremove the handle from a public water pump in Broad Street in London ’s Soho. Snow observed that 61 victims of the cholera had recently drawn water from the pump and reasoned that contaminated water was the source of the epidemic. His request was granted and, even though it would take a further 30 years for th...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - October 18, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Mark Honigsbaum Tags: Coronavirus Infectious diseases Science Cholera Health Society UK news Source Type: news

In Terms of Child Mortality, It ’s a Good Time for Public Health
Despite the crises of 2020, parents can realistically expect that children born today will outlive them. That wasn ’t always the case. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - October 12, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Perri Klass, M.D. Tags: Children and Childhood Infant Mortality Babies and Infants Parenting Epidemics Vaccination and Immunization Smallpox Cholera Antibiotics Source Type: news

Injectable hydrogel could someday lead to more effective vaccines
(American Chemical Society) Vaccines have curtailed the spread of several infectious diseases, such as smallpox, polio and measles. However, vaccines against some diseases, including HIV-1, influenza and malaria, don't work very well, and one reason could be the timing of antigen and adjuvant presentation to the immune system. Now, researchers reporting inACS Central Science developed an injectable hydrogel that allows sustained release of vaccine components, increasing the potency, quality and duration of immune responses in mice. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - September 16, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

The Great Vaccine Race: Inside the Unprecedented Scramble to Immunize the World Against COVID-19
The cleverest of enemies thrive on surprise attacks. Viruses—and coronaviruses in particular—know this well. Remaining hidden in animal hosts for decades, they mutate steadily, sometimes serendipitously morphing into more effective and efficient infectious agents. When a strain with just the right combination of genetic codes that spell trouble for people makes the leap from animal to human, the ambush begins. Such was the case with SARS-CoV-2, the coronavirus behind COVID-19, and the attack was mostly silent and insidious at first. Many people infected with SARS-CoV-2 remained oblivious as they served as the v...
Source: TIME: Health - September 10, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Alice Park Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Magazine Source Type: news

A new theory asks: Could a mask be a crude ‘vaccine’?
The unproven idea, described in a commentary published Tuesday in the New England Journal of Medicine, is inspired by the age-old concept of variolation, the deliberate exposure to a pathogen to generate a protective immune response. First tried against smallpox, the risky practice eventually fell out of favor, but paved the way for the rise of modern vaccines. (Source: The Economic Times)
Source: The Economic Times - September 7, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Approval of a Coronavirus Vaccine Would Be Just the Beginning – Huge Production Challenges Could Cause Long Delays
This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article. The post Approval of a Coronavirus Vaccine Would Be Just the Beginning – Huge Production Challenges Could Cause Long Delays appeared first on Inter Press Service. (Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health)
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - August 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: External Source Tags: Global Headlines Health TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

The World Health Organization Declares Africa Polio-Free
Nobody will ever know the identity of the thousands of African children who were not killed or paralyzed by polio this year. They would have been hard to keep track of no matter what because in ordinary times, they would have followed thousands last year and thousands the year before and on back in a generations-long trail of suffering and death. Instead, no African children were claimed by polio this year or last year or the year before. It was in 2016 that the last case of wild, circulating polio was reported in Nigeria—the final country on the 54-nation African continent where the disease was endemic. And with a r...
Source: TIME: Health - August 25, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jeffrey Kluger Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Coronavirus will be with us forever, Sage scientist warns
Sir Mark Walport says, unlike smallpox, coronavirus will not be eradicated by vaccination. (Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition)
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - August 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Bill Gates on How the U.S. Can Course Correct Its COVID-19 Response: ‘You Wish Experts Were Taking Charge’
The U.S. domestic response to the COVID-19 pandemic thus far has been “weak,” Bill Gates believes. The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation co-chair and Microsoft co-founder told TIME senior health correspondent Alice Park during a TIME100 Talks discussion on Thursday that he’d give the U.S.’s COVID-19 response, “on a relative and absolute basis, not a passing grade.” But, he added, the U.S.’s funding for vaccine and therapeutic research “has been the best in the world,” so if it coordinates to share resources globally, the U.S. could “potentially score the highest&...
Source: TIME: Health - July 30, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Madeleine Carlisle Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 News Desk TIME100 Talks Source Type: news

Smallpox Vaccine Has Lessons for COVID Vaccine
In this study, researchers reconstructed and analyzed the genomes of smallpox virus fragments recovered from vaccination kits used during the Civil War era. They were able to do this without damaging the artifacts. (Source: WebMD Health)
Source: WebMD Health - July 21, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Success of Smallpox Vaccine Bears Lessons for Coronavirus Vaccine
TUESDAY, July 21, 2020 -- Scientists who have identified the early smallpox strains used to create vaccines against the disease say this type of genetic research could help efforts to develop a vaccine against the new coronavirus. Smallpox was among... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - July 21, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Scientists trace and identify origin of smallpox vaccine strains used in Civil War
(McMaster University) Scientists and historians working at McMaster University, the M ü tter Museum and the University of Sydney have pieced together the genomes of old viruses that were used as vaccination strains during and after the American Civil War ultimately leading to the eradication of smallpox. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - July 19, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Melinda Gates Lays Out Her Biggest Concern For the Next Phase of the COVID-19 Pandemic
From 2018-2019, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation gave more money to the World Health Organization than any entity except the U.S. government. With President Donald Trump cutting ties to the international health agency in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Gates Foundation’s work has come into sharper relief than ever. Co-chair Bill Gates announced at the Global Vaccine Summit on June 4 that it will give $1.6 billion over five years to the Vaccine Alliance (GAVI), to help ensure that people around the world have access to vaccines, regardless of income. The Gates Foundation in 1999 pledged $750 million to he...
Source: TIME: Health - June 4, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jamie Ducharme Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news

What scientific experts are saying about vaccine safety
Vaccines have played a critical role in reducing the spread of, and in some cases, eliminating the threat of many devastating infectious diseases. They are often cited as second only to clean drinking water in leading to some of the most impactful public health advances in history, including the eradication of smallpox and near global elimination of polio. (Source: The Catalyst)
Source: The Catalyst - June 4, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Research and Development Vaccines New Era of Medicine & D Focus Coronavirus Source Type: news

World leaders must fund a Covid-19 vaccine plan before it's too late for millions | Gro Harlem Brundtland and Elizabeth Cousens
This week ’s Global Vaccine Summit comes at a crucial point in history. Governments must not miss their chance to save livesCoronavirus – latest updatesSee all our coronavirus coverageGro Harlem Brundtland is former director-general of the World Health OrganizationElizabeth Cousens is president of the UN FoundationGoogle any list of the most successful public health interventions of this century or the last, and vaccines will be at the very top. Infectious diseases such as smallpox, measles, diphtheria and pertussis (whooping cough) were once prevalent and killed indiscriminately. Smallpox is now eradicated, po...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - June 4, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Gro Harlem Brundtland and Elizabeth Cousens Tags: Vaccines and immunisation Coronavirus outbreak Infectious diseases Medical research Science World Health Organization Polio World news Source Type: news

Politics, Profits Undermine Public Interest in Covid-19 Vaccine Race
By Anis Chowdhury and Jomo Kwame SundaramSYDNEY and KUALA LUMPUR, May 26 2020 (IPS) With well over five million Covid-19 infections worldwide, and deaths exceeding 340,000, the race for an effective vaccine has accelerated since the SARS-Cov-2 virus was first identified as the culprit. Expecting to score politically from being ‘first’ to have a vaccine, US President Trump’s Operation Warp Speed promises to get 300 million doses to Americans by January, after the November polls, following several failed attempts to monopolize vaccines being developed by European companies. Anis Chowdhury More than 115 vac...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - May 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Anis Chowdhury and Jomo Kwame Sundaram Tags: Aid Economy & Trade Featured Global Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies TerraViva United Nations Jomo Kwame Sundaram & Anis Chowdhury Source Type: news

Hoping for a Covid Vaccine and Recalling the One for Smallpox
It ’s worth reflecting on the biologic brilliance of the technique and on what our bodies and immune systems are capable of doing, when appropriately prompted. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - May 25, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Perri Klass, M.D. Tags: Smallpox Vaccination and Immunization Epidemics Immune System Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Source Type: news

A Vaccine Against COVID-19 Would Be the Latest Success in a Long Scientific History
Here’s betting you wouldn’t want anyone blowing smallpox scabs up your nose. But you might feel differently if you lived in 15th century China. Long ago, the Chinese recognized that people who had contracted smallpox once were immune to reinfection. They came up with the idea of preserving scabs from individuals who had suffered mild cases, drying them out, crushing them to a powder and blowing them up the nostril. For boys it was the right nostril, for girls it was the left because, well, 15th century. That is how the story of vaccines usually begins, though that version is decidedly incomplete. For one thing,...
Source: TIME: Science - May 15, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Jeffrey Kluger Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Explainer health Source Type: news

How Pandemics End
An infectious outbreak can conclude in more ways than one, historians say. But for whom does it end, and who gets to decide? (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - May 10, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Gina Kolata Tags: Epidemics Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Plague Smallpox Ebola Virus Influenza Epidemic (1918-19) Rats Antibiotics Bubonic Plague Fleas Microbiology Deaths (Fatalities) Vaccination and Immunization your-feed-science your-feed-health Source Type: news

Here ’s How Scientists and Public-Health Experts Recommend the U.S. Gets Back to ‘Normal’
There is both promise and peril in being a pioneer, and the people of Hokkaido have learned both lessons well over the past few months. After infections of COVID-19 on the Japanese island exploded following its annual winter festival this year, officials in February declared a state of emergency to control the disease. Soon after, new daily cases plummeted, and Hokkaido’s quick action was heralded as a beacon for the rest of Japan to follow. But it wasn’t just infections that dropped; over the next month, agriculture and tourism business also dried up, and Hokkaido’s governor decided to ease social restri...
Source: TIME: Health - April 30, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Alice Park Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Magazine Source Type: news

ACAM2000 (Smallpox (Vaccinia) Vaccine, Live) - updated on RxList
(Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs)
Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs - April 27, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

Collaboration Can Help Eradicate COVID-19
This article 0riginally appeared in UM News”. The link follows: https://www.umnews.org/en/news/collaboration-can-help-eradicate-covid-19   Follow @IPSNewsUNBureau !function(d,s,id){var js,fjs=d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0],p=/^http:/.test(d.location)?'http':'https';if(!d.getElementById(id)){js=d.createElement(s);js.id=id;js.src=p+'://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js';fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js,fjs);}}(document, 'script', 'twitter-wjs'); The post Collaboration Can Help Eradicate COVID-19 appeared first on Inter Press Service. Excerpt: Rev Liberato C. Bautista is assistant general secretary for United Nations a...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - April 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The Rev. Liberato C. Bautista Tags: Civil Society Development & Aid Education Featured Global Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies TerraViva United Nations OPINION/NGO Source Type: news

To Fight COVID-19, Ford Is Planning to Manufacture Ventilators. This Isn ’t the First Time the Automaker Has Made Medical Devices
The odd hush that has fallen over New York City has lately been broken once every day, at precisely 7:00 PM. That’s when New Yorkers are stepping onto balconies or flinging open windows to applaud the people—pharmacy clerks, supermarket cashiers, food delivery workers and more—who continue to keep to keep the silent city running. But even the most heroic of health-care workers are faced with a difficult reality in the city that has become the center of COVID-19 in the U.S., as officials have predicted that New York City will need at least 400 more ventilators by Sunday and thousands more in the days to fo...
Source: TIME: Health - April 2, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jeffrey Kluger Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news

Plagues and People – The Coronavirus in a Historical Perspective
By Jan LundiusSTOCKHOLM / ROME, Mar 19 2020 (IPS) The human factor is intimately involved in the origin, spread, and mitigation of the Coronavirus and we cannot afford to ignore that our future existence depends on compassion and cooperation. Response matters! Some quarantined Italians might recall Giovanni Boccaccio´s The Decameron from 1353 in which people escaping the plague are secluded in a villa where they tell stories to each other. Boccaccio introduced his collection of short stories with an eyewitness account of horrifying human suffering in Florence, which in 1348 was struck by a ”pestilence” t...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - March 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jan Lundius Tags: Global Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies TerraViva United Nations Women's Health Source Type: news