1,694 new COVID-19 cases, 10 additional deaths reported in Mass
The Massachusetts Department of Public Health has released the latest COVID-19 case numbers for the state. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - April 17, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Covid-19 deaths pass three million worldwide
It comes as the World Health Organization warns of deaths and cases increasing at a "worrying rate". (Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition)
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - April 17, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Rethinking 'carriage' of take-home naloxone - McDonald R, Parkin S, Eide D, Neale J, Clausen T, Metrebian N, Carter B, Strang J.
Take-home naloxone (THN) provision to people who use drugs, their family/friends, and non-medical personnel is considered a public health strategy to improve community-based naloxone access and reduce the time to antidote treatment for opioid overdose in o... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

US children of minority race are less likely to be admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit after traumatic injury, a retrospective analysis of a single pediatric trauma center - Slain KN, Wurtz MA, Rose JA.
BACKGROUND: The public health impact of pediatric trauma makes identifying opportunities to equalize health related disparities imperative. The influence of a child's race on the likelihood of admission to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) is not we... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Stressors of suicide among the residents of Ilam, Eastern Nepal: an investigation into a neglected burden - Niraula SR, Manandhar N, Pandey S, Jha N.
Suicide is increasingly being recognized as a global public health concern, but it is still treated as a neglected burden in Nepal. Case-control study on suicide from Nepal is very rare. Thus, a community-based matched case-control study was conducted at I... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Road safety for whom? South Carolina's proposed left lane traffic enforcement bill could perpetuate existing racial/ethnic public health disparities - Nwanaji-Enwerem JC, Nwanaji-Enwerem O, Johnson KR.
Introduction Road safety is an important issue whose public health impact is further intensified by mediators of systemic racism, including biased policing. The historical precedents of Walter Scott and numerous other Black persons who have suffered viole... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Regional conditions and road traffic collisions on rural roads in Chile - S ánchez-González MP, Tejada-Ponce, Bonnefoy J, Escribano-Sotos F.
Background Road traffic collisions represent a public health problem in Chile, with fatality rates higher than in most OECD countries. This research investigates how various factors affect fatalities and injuries rates in Chile in the period 2000-2017 and... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Treated pain and mental health conditions after road traffic injury: variations across geography and socioeconomic disadvantage in Victoria, Australia - Giummarra MJ, Beck B, Collie A, Gabbe BJ.
Introduction Pain and mental health conditions account for a significant proportion of the public health burden of injury, and treatment patterns can vary by neighbourhood area. We aimed to (a) characterise geographic variations in treatment for pain and ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

The role of diffusion tensor imaging in characterizing injury patterns on athletes with concussion and subconcussive injury: a systematic review - Tayebi M, Holdsworth SJ, Champagne AA, Cook DJ, Nielsen P, Lee TR, Wang A, Fernandez J, Shim V.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major public health problem. The majority of TBIs are in the form of mild TBI (also known as concussion) with sports-related concussion (SRC) receiving public attention in recent years.Here we have performed a systematic r... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

The factors underlying drivers' unwillingness to give way to ambulances: an application of an extended theory of planned behavior - Wang X, Xu L.
This study aimed to examine the socio-psycho... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Pathways between neighbourhood walkability and mental wellbeing: a case from Hankow, China - Li X, Li Y, Xia B, Han Y.
Introduction To integrate community liveability with public health concerns, urban design theories place increasingly put emphasis on promoting pedestrian friendly neighbourhoods with good walkability. A plethora of studies have investigated the associati... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Evaluating the impact of socio-economic contributing factors of cities in California on their traffic safety condition - Amiri AM, Naderi K, Cooper JF, Nadimi N.
Introduction Careful consideration of the factors that result in the traffic collision occurrence is essential from the public health point of view. This allows us to propose prevention measures based on a multidisciplinary focus, including the health, ed... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Effects of walking on self-assessed health status: links between walking, trip purposes and health - Pae G, Akar G.
Introduction Positive effects of walking on health has led to a growing number of studies in public health and transportation planning fields. These studies reveal the associations between socio-economic factors, built environment, and health outcomes. Ho... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

A time-based model and GIS framework for assessing hazardous materials transportation risk in urban areas - Ak R, Bahrami M, Bozkaya B.
Every day, trucks carrying hazardous materials (hazmat) in a large and densely populated city expose public health risks to the residents of the city as well as risks to the economic assets in the area. In this paper, we introduce a new risk model that con... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news

Pathways between COVID-19 public health responses and increasing overdose risks: a rapid review and conceptual framework - Nguyen T, Buxton JA.
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence indicates that illicit drug overdoses are increasing throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. There is a paucity of evidence on the causative pathways for this trend, but expert opinions, commentaries, and some reviews offer theoreti... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Associations between social drinking events and pedestrian behavior - an observational study - Reish L, Carson LM, Ray AF.
Introduction Pedestrian injuries are important public health and traffic safety issues. In recent years, the problem is worsening and no single cause has been identified. To examine this tragic phenomenon, it is necessary to learn more about the behaviors... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Changing the paradigm: using strategic communications to promote recognition of child sexual abuse as a preventable public health problem - Fix RL, Busso DS, Mendelson T, Letourneau EJ.
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is common, severe, and substantively contributes to the global burden of disease through its impact on physical, mental, and behavioral health problems. While CSA is preventable through non-justice system response efforts, the vast... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Troubling secondary victimization of bullying victims: the role of gender and ethnicity - Carrera-Fern ández MV, Almeida A, Cid-Fernández XM, González-Fernández A, Fernández-Simo JD.
This study aimed to assess the level of secondary victimization of bullying victims as a function of the student's sex and the vic... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Prevalence and correlates of multiple non-fatal opioid overdoses among people who inject drugs who utilise needle syringe programs in Australia - Geddes L, Iversen J, Darke S, Dietze P, Maher L.
BACKGROUND: Non-fatal overdose (NFOD) is a major cause of morbidity among people who inject drugs (PWID) and multiple NFOD is associated with increased risk of fatal overdose. Despite this, few studies have examined the prevalence and correlates of drug-sp... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Psychological distress and alcohol use disorder during the COVID-19 era among middle- and low-income U.S. adults - Tsai J, Elbogen EB, Huang M, North CS, Pietrzak RH.
This study examined how exposure to events during the Coronavirus Disease-19 (COVID-19) era is linked to symptoms of major depressive disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), COVID-19 era-related stress (CS), alcohol use disorder (AUD),... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

The health care system as champion to curb the drug overdose crisis [editorial] - Barenie RE.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

The role of PTSD symptom clusters and criterion in predicting future high-risk drug and alcohol use among returning veteran men and women - Livingston NA, Farmer SL, Mahoney CT, Marx BP, Keane TM.
The prevalence of co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorder (SUD) remains exceptionally high among returning veterans, with numerous studies linking PTSD, but not specific PTSD symptoms, to future SUD risk. Further explic... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Understanding American Indian youth in residential recovery from substance use disorder: risk and protective experiences and perceived recovery support - LaPlante DA, Whelshula M, Gray HM, Nelson SE.
Historical trauma has contributed to the reality that addiction disproportionately affects tribal communities, including American Indian youth. We sought to understand American Indian youths' own experiences and perceptions of the environments to which the... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Explosion behaviors of hybrid C(2)H(2)/CaC(2) dust in a confined space - Song SX, Cheng YF, Wang WT, Wang ZH, Zhang BB.
In order to investigate the explosion process of calcium carbide (CaC(2)) dust in the acetylene (C(2)H(2)) atmosphere, the explosion characteristics of C(2)H(2) gas and C(2)H(2)/CaC(2) dust gas-solid two-phase mixture were studied using a 20-L spherical ve... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Safety climate assessment: a survey in an electric power distribution company - Kiani M, Asgari M, Abbas Gohari F, Rezvani Z.
This study aimed to investigate safety climate and its structural dimensions as well as establish a relationship between safety climate and demographic variables in a power distribution company. METHOD. This cross-sectional study incl... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

"We want to go, but there are no options": exploring barriers and facilitators of transportation among diverse older adults - Dabelko-Schoeny H, Maleku A, Cao Q, White K, Ozbilen B.
Introduction Transportation plays an important role in the social connectedness and quality of life among older adults (Black et al., 2015). Despite the increasing number of culturally and linguistically diverse older adults in the U.S. (Scommegna, 2016),... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Correlates of older adults' walking trip duration - Liu Z, Kemperman A, Timmermans H.
Introduction Leisure walking is the most prevalent and preferred form of physical activity among older adults. Duration is a key component of leisure walking behavior, and therefore, an important determinant of weekly walking levels. The research on the d... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Driving cessation among older adults in a Caribbean small island developing state - Brown CR, Howitt C, Murphy MM, Hambleton IR, Crizzle AM.
This study sought to explore the experiences of older adults living in Barbados, a Small Island Develop... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Effect of social support on the association between driving status and depression differs by gender: findings from the CLSA - Stinchcombe A, Marchese C, Fossum S, Gagnon S, Naglie G, Rapoport MJ, Weaver B, B édard M.
Introduction Driving is a primary means of mobility. Driving cessation is associated with poor mental health outcomes, including increased risk of depression. We investigated the relationship between driving status and depression symptoms in a large Canad... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Frailty phenotype associated with traffic crashes among older drivers: a cross-sectional study in rural Japan - Liu J, Fujii Y, Seol J, Fujii K, Kim M, Tateoka K, Okura T.
Introduction In places such as Japan, driving safety and physical frailty are two urgent issues due to a rapidly aging population. However, few studies have focused on whether physical frailty is associated with traffic crashes among older drivers. This c... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Greater white matter hyperintensities and the association with executive function in suicide attempters with late-life depression - Lin C, Huang CM, Karim HT, Liu HL, Lee TMC, Wu CW, Toh CH, Tsai YF, Yen TH, Lee SH.
Late-life depression (LLD) is associated with greater risk of suicide and white matter hyperintensities (WMH), which are also found in suicide attempters regardless of age. Greater periventricular WMH are related to worse cognitive function. We investigate... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Interaction effect of neighborhood walkability and season on adults' step count - Hino K, Lee JS, Asami Y.
We examined the interaction effect of objectively ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Neighbourhood built environment, physical activity, and physical health among older adults in Singapore: a simultaneous equations approach - Song S, Yap W, Hou Y, Yuen B.
Introduction An increasing body of evidence suggests that regular physical activity can have important beneficial effects on individuals' health into later years. This research investigated the inter-relationships between neighbourhood built environment, ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Older drivers are at increased risk of fatal crash involvement: results of a systematic review and meta-analysis - Pitta LSR, Quintas JL, Trindade IOA, Belchior P, Gameiro KSD, Gomes CM, N óbrega OT, Camargos EF.
Older adults have become a larger part of the driving population, but whether they are at increased risk of being involved in fatal crashes remains unclear. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of studies investigating fatal crash involvement ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Retiring from driving and riding: be safe and not a risk - Ang BH, Huey Lee SW, Chen WS, Yap KK, Song KP, Oxley JA.
Introduction Much of the research on transportation and safe mobility focuses on older adult's thoughts and feelings on driving transition in high-income countries, but there is limited knowledge on this process and its consequences in low-and-middle-inco... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

The incremental cost of transport-related traumatic brain injury and older age in adults 65 years and older - Van Deynse H, Cools W, Devos S, Hubloue I, Lauwaert D, Moens M, Pien K, Schmidt M, Van Belleghem G, Putman K.
This study aims to determine the incremental cost of having a TBI in older adults, as well as the incremental cost of being of older age in patients with TBI. Method Incremental costs were assessed for both hospital and the period of one year pos... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Toward a deeper understanding of elderly walking for transport: an analysis across genders in a case study of Iran - Hatamzadeh Y, Hosseinzadeh A.
Background and purpose: The world's elderly population has been dramatically growing during the last few decades, and therefore, a big challenge for many societies will be to meet the future needs of this group especially their health problems. Promoting ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Using virtual reality to investigate physical environmental factors related to cycling in older adults: a comparison between two methodologies - Lieze M, Jelle VC, Benedicte D, Nico VW, Mario M, Van Dyck D.
Introduction Cycling has a positive impact on physical, mental and social health, and slows the aging process. However, there is still a large potential to increase the cycling levels in Belgian older adults. In order to promote cycling for transport, saf... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Profile of schizophrenia aggressiveness with the risk of suicide based on the Personality and Social Performance Score - Waro MC, Fitrikasari A.
INTRODUCTION The risk of schizophrenia for suicide is 10%, of which 10% -15% ofpeople with schizophrenia die of suicide at 20 years of follow-up. Aggressiveness is afactor to be watched out. Other factors are hallucinations, suicide, early-onset,history o... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Delivering the first internationally accessible massive online open course (MOOC) on suicide prevention: a case study and insights into best practice - Sharp L, Karadzhov D, Langan-Martin J.
To date, little guidance exists on how to design safe and effective online programming on sensitive and/or controversial topics. Massive online open courses (MOOCs) represent a unique opportunity for delivering inclusive and accessible teaching to internat... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

A closer look at patterns and characteristics of suicide in Lebanon: a first nationwide report of cases from 2008 to 2018 - Bizri M, Zeinoun L, Mihailescu AM, Daher M, Atoui M, Chammay R, Nahas Z.
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a leading preventable cause of mortality worldwide. Suicide rates in Lebanon are unknown, as reported numbers are extrapolated and modeled over neighboring countries with poor quality of vital registration data. METHODS: Numb... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Trends in suicide in Japan by gender during the COVID-19 pandemic, through December 2020 - Nomura S, Kawashima T, Harada N, Yoneoka D, Tanoue Y, Eguchi A, Gilmour S, Kawamura Y, Hashizume M.
Suicide is a rising concern during the COVID-19 pandemic worldwide (Gunnell, 2020). A recent analysis found, for the first time, excess suicide deaths among women in July, August and September 2020 in Japan, and no such elevated mortality for men (Nomura, ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Risk Factor Prevalence, Injury Occurrence Source Type: news

The sex in your violence: patriarchy and power in anthropological world building and everyday life - Nelson RG.
In its broadest conceptualization, violence includes everything from physical assault to the creation and maintenance of institutional structures that are discriminatory and exclusionary. However, violence as a topic of biological and archaeological anthro... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Risk Factor Prevalence, Injury Occurrence Source Type: news

The determinants of passengers' safety behaviour on public transport - Wang X, Yuen KF, Shi W, Ma F.
PURPOSE Public transport plays a crucial role in the movement of people. With the growing demand for public transport, the safety of public transport becomes a pertinent issue. Although collisions caused by drivers have been extensively investigated, pass... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Risk Factor Prevalence, Injury Occurrence Source Type: news

Domestic violence and COVID-19 in Colombia - Ortega Pacheco YJ, Mart ínez Rudas M.
Due to the novel Coronavirus pandemic strain SARS-CoV-2, many countries around the world have implemented preventive measures to try to control the spread of the virus, such as social distancing and quarantine. However, in the pursuit of reducing severe ne... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Risk Factor Prevalence, Injury Occurrence Source Type: news

Candidate symptomatic markers for predicting violence in schizophrenia: a cross-sectional study of 7711 patients in a Chinese population - Sun L, Han X, Wang K, Xu C, Song Z, Zhang J, Cao D, Tan L, Chen F, Wu S, He L, Wan C.
OBJECTIVE: Violent behaviour is an alarming problem among schizophrenia patients. The effects of historical, clinical, and pathological risk factors for violence have been investigated by multiple studies, but consensus has not been achieved. As psychotic ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Risk Factor Prevalence, Injury Occurrence Source Type: news

Intimate partner violence experiences among Puerto Rican mothers - Natal M.
This qualitative, transcendental, phenomenological study explored the subjective experiences of Puerto Rican mothers, aged 18 and older, who experienced intimate partner violence (IPV) and their perceptions of how provider and law enforcement approaches to... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Factors distinguishing reciprocal versus nonreciprocal intimate partner violence across time and reporter - Pu DF, Rodriguez CM, Dimperio MD.
Although intimate partner violence (IPV) is often conceptualized as occurring unilaterally, reciprocal or bidirectional violence is actually the most prevalent form of IPV. The current study assessed physical IPV experiences in couples and evaluated risk a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Dialogic democracy as a substitute for discourses propagating autocracy or violence in Afghanistan: a case study of Soltanzade's Brazen Bulls - Ramin Z, Effatian A.
Afghanistan is a country besieged by years of instability and unrest as a result of the weak governments that came to power especially after King Zahir. Mohammad Asef Soltanzade's "Brazen Bulls" is the story of the tragedy that befalls a country similar to... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Covid-19 as a facilitator for increasing domestic violence against women: a systematic review study - Mirza nia A, Firoozi M.
The new coronavirus disease and the consequences due to restrictive conditions (Quarantine) have exposed family relations to some critical issues and have increased domestic violence against women. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news