Houston Got Hammered By Hurricane Harvey — And Its Buildings Are Partly To Blame
The city itself — skyscrapers, homes and factories — snagged the moist air of Hurricane Harvey and caused more rain to fall. Two new studies detail how humans are making hurricane flooding worse.(Image credit: David J. Phillip/AP) (Source: NPR Health and Science)
Source: NPR Health and Science - November 14, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Rebecca Hersher Source Type: news

Phase 1 study of everolimus and low-dose oral cyclophosphamide in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma
mTOR inhibitors are frequently used in the treatment of metastatic renal cell cancer (mRCC). mTOR regulates cell growth, proliferation, angiogenesis, and survival, and additionally plays an important role in immune regulation. Since mTOR inhibitors were shown to benefit immunosuppressive regulatory T-cell (Treg) expansion, this might suppress antitumor immune responses. Metronomic cyclophosphamide (CTX) was shown to selectively deplete Tregs.11/14/2018 (Source: Kidney Cancer Association)
Source: Kidney Cancer Association - November 14, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: news

Patient Selection Key in Nonoperative Appendicitis Care Patient Selection Key in Nonoperative Appendicitis Care
A new study finds that nonoperative management of patients with uncomplicated appendicitis can be successful, but the risk for complications and recurrence should be considered.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - November 14, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: General Surgery News Source Type: news

Here ’s Why You Get More Acne in the Winter — And How to Fix It
Nothing much blooms in winter, but pimples may be an exception. A 2015 study of New England acne patients found the percentage of them who enjoyed a clear complexion was greatest during summer and fall. Winter, on the other hand, tended to be a rough season; rates of moderate-to-severe acne leaped 11% among the study participants in winter compared to summer. One reason your skin tends to act up in cold weather may have to do with sebum, a type of oil that the small glands of the skin secrete. Sebum helps keep your skin properly moist and supple, but too much can cause the cells in your skin to stick together. This can lea...
Source: TIME: Health - November 14, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Markham Heid Tags: Uncategorized Research Source Type: news

Medical News Today: MS: When good brain cells turn bad
MS causes nerve cells to lose their insulating coating. A new study finds that the cells that construct this coat may also be responsible for its demise. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - November 14, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Multiple Sclerosis Source Type: news

‘Rapid release’ Tylenol gelcaps are slower to dissolve than cheaper tablets, study finds
The study shows one way marketing messages on over-the-counter medicines could be misleading consumers. (Source: Washington Post: To Your Health)
Source: Washington Post: To Your Health - November 14, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Carolyn Y. Johnson Source Type: news

Drinking coffee may lower type-2 diabetes risk
A review, presented at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes meeting, suggests that drinking three or four cups of coffee a day may lower the risk of type-2 diabetes. Mirror (Source: Society for Endocrinology)
Source: Society for Endocrinology - November 14, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: news

CONFIRMED: Aspartame linked to blood cancers according to 22-year study conducted by researchers at Women's Hospital at Harvard University
(Natural News) Monsanto, the most evil corporation on Earth, may be responsible for more chronic deterioration of human health than any other manufacturer of food and agricultural chemicals. From genetically modifying crops to spraying them with the known carcinogen glyphosate (main ingredient in Roundup weed killer), from nuclear weapons to terminator seeds (they die after... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - November 14, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Smokers who spend time with e-cigarette users are more likely to try and quit tobacco
A study by University College London (UCL) found that smokers who have frequently spent time with vapers, who smoke e-cigarettes, were around 20 per cent more likely to quit tobacco. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - November 14, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Obese children are less likely to 'flourish'
Researchers from Brown University found that just 27.5 per cent of obese children in their study met all five 'flourishing' markers, compared to 39 per cent of the youngsters who were a healthy size. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - November 14, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Kids Get Caught in Deadly Cross-Fire of Domestic Violence
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 14, 2018 -- Twenty percent of homicides of U.S. children ages 2 to 14 years are related to intimate partner violence, a new study indicates. That's double the rate in the National Violent Death Reporting System, according to Harvard... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - November 14, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Joint modeling of traffic incident duration components (reporting, response, and clearance time): a copula-based approach - Laman H, Yasmin S, Eluru N.
The current study develops a trivariate framework that accommodates for inherent dependencies across the various components of incident duration. A unique ordered response model structure (sometimes referred to as grouped ordered response model) is introdu... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Comprehensive assessment of temporal treatments in crash prediction models - Gill GS, Cheng W, Zhou J, Jia X.
This study conducted a comprehensive comparison of temporal treatments employed in crash prediction models. Nine groups of methodological approaches based on different ways of addressing temporal correlations, including the newly proposed time adjacency ma... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Safety of freeway service patrol operations: case study of Florida Road Rangers - Carrick G, Srinivasan S, Jermprapai K.
Safety service patrols are a proven strategy to mitigate the effects of traffic incidents through quick clearance, incident management, and assistance to other incident responders like police, fire, emergency medical services, and towing. As encountered by... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

Use of bivariate dirichlet process mixture spatial model to estimate active transportation-related crash counts - Cheng W, Gill GS, Vo T, Zhou J, Sakrani T.
This study focuses on active transportation at traffic analysis zone (TAZ) level by developi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Pedestrians and Bicycles Source Type: news

The role of culture and needs in the cycling habits of female immigrants from a driving-oriented to a cycling-oriented country - Kaplan S, Wrzesinska DK, Prato CG.
The enormous potential of cycling to make cities and regions more sustainable is often not realized. Given the evidence that women cycle less than men, this study looks into the cycling habits of female immigrants from driving-oriented to cycling-oriented ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Pedestrians and Bicycles Source Type: news

Gender differences in Danish road accidents - Visby RH, Lundholt K.
A study based on the Danish Road Directorates accident statistics shows that there are different gender patterns in how we behave in traffic and our involvement in traffic accidents. Overall men drive more by car and take longer trips. Women take more trip... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Pedestrians and Bicycles Source Type: news

Safety evaluation of change in posted speed limit from 65 to 70 mph on rural Virginia interstate system - Himes S, Gross F, Nichols M, Lockwood M.
Effective July 1, 2010, the Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT) increased the maximum posted speed limit on interstates and similar facilities from 65 to 70  mph, if recommended following an engineering study. As a result, VDOT performed engineer... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Risky ride or carefree drive? An analysis of Virginia's moped safety and registration law on operator collision and injury outcomes - Seymour J.
This study ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Revisiting hit-and-run crashes: a geo-spatial modeling method - Liu J, Khattak AJ, Chen C, Wan D, Ma J, Hu J.
This study revisited hit-and-run crashes using a geo-spatial modeling approach, specifically, Geographically Weighted Regre... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Methods for the design of safety service patrol beats: the Florida Road Ranger case study - Sun X, Shahabi M, Carrick G, Yin Y, Srinivasan S, Shirmohammadi N.
This paper introduces a framework for the design and deployment of safety service patrols (SSP) on freeways. Three mathematical programming models are proposed, with the targets of minimizing fleet size and total average response time and maximizing social... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Interactions between driving skills on aggressive driving: study among Chinese drivers - Wu C, Chu W, Zhang H, Özkan T.
This study aims to investigate the effect of driving skills on aggressive driving behaviors and traffic accidents to fi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Characteristics and profiles of moped crashes in urban areas: an in-depth study - Ceunynck TD, Slootmans F, Daniels S.
In this in-depth study, 167 severe injury crashes involving a moped in urban areas in Belgium in 2013 are analyzed. The study provides an overview of the general crash characteristics of and contributing factors to these moped crashes, and identifies typic... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Estimating the effect of standard enforcement of a rear seat belt law for rear seat fatality prevention - Findley DJ, Sanchez M, Nye T.
Data were collected from the NHTSA's Fatality Analysis Reporting System to analyze the link between primary enforcement of rear seat belt use and injury severity in fatal vehicle collisions. Specifically, this study predicted the amount of fatalities that ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Studying driving behavior on horizontal curves using naturalistic driving study data - Dhahir B, Hassan Y.
Many studies have been conducted to develop models to predict speed and driver comfort thresholds on horizontal curves, and to evaluate design consistency. The approaches used to develop these models differ from one another in data collection, data process... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Street intersection characteristics and their impacts on perceived bicycling safety - Wang K, Akar G.
Safety concerns are among the main issues that deter people from bicycling in the U.S. Earlier studies have explored the associations between characteristics of intersection design and bicyclists' safety perceptions. Research shows that there are significa... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Safety evaluation of alternative audible lane departure warning treatments in reducing traffic crashes: an empirical Bayes observational before-after study - Wu L, Geedipally SR, Pike AM.
Roadway departure crashes are a major contributor to traffic fatalities and injury. Rumble strips have been shown to be an effective countermeasure in reducing roadway departure crashes. However, some roadway situations, for instance, inadequate shoulder w... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Safety effects of turning movement restrictions at stop-controlled intersections - Le TQ, Gross F, Harmon T.
This study evaluates the safety effectiveness of physical right-in-right-out (RIRO) operations compared with full turning movements at stop-controlled intersections. Geometric, traffic, and crash data from California were obtained for urban, three-legged, ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Roadway-related truck crash risk analysis: case studies in Texas - Zhao Q, Goodman T, Azimi M, Qi Y.
Since 1994, Texas has had the highest number of fatal crashes involving large trucks in the United States, and this number increased by 82% from 2009 to 2012. Due to the size and weight of large trucks, their crashes usually are very destructive. Although ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Resurrecting the lost vehicle trajectories of Treiterer and Myers with new insights into a controversial hysteresis - Coifman B, Li L, Xiao W.
The 1974 paper by Treiterer and Myers is a seminal work in traffic flow theory. This longevity is in part because of the impressive collection of manually extracted vehicle trajectories. To date, only a few studies have rivaled the scale of the empirical v... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Predictive dynamic speed limit in a connected environment for a weather affected traffic network: a case study of Chicago - Mittal A, Kim E, Mahmassani HS, Hong Z.
Dynamic speed limits (DSLs) are used to improve safety and mobility on freeways in unfavorable traffic conditions due to recurring congestion, roadworks, incidents, or adverse weather. The evaluation of in-field deployment reveals that the effectiveness of... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Operational evaluation of central sharrows and dooring zone treatment on road user behavior in Ottawa, Canada - Kassim A, Ismail K, McGuire S.
The purpose of this study is to determine how new pavement markings (central sharrows and indication of "dooring zone") influence cyclist and motorist interactions and positioning, especially with respect to the distance cyclists travel from the parking ed... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Impact of built environment on first- and last-mile travel mode choice - Mo B, Shen Y, Zhao J.
The paper studies the impacts of built environment (BE) on the first- and last-mile travel modal choice. We select Singapore as a case study. The data used for this work is extracted from the first- and last-mile trips to mass rapid transit (MRT) stations ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Finite element studies of skid resistance under hot weather condition - Tang T, Anupam K, Kasbergen C, Kogbara R, Scarpas A, Masad E.
The skid resistance of a pavement surface is an important characteristic that influences traffic safety. Previous studies have shown that skid resistance varies with temperature. However, relatively limited work has been carried out to study the effect of ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Exploring the effect of different neighboring structures on spatial hierarchical joint crash frequency models - Alarifi SA, Abdel-Aty MA, Lee J, Wang X.
Corridor safety analysis is a primary interest of many road safety studies. Corridors typically contain intersections and roadway segments. Having both components while analyzing corridors in addition to corridor-level variables in a hierarchical joint mod... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Closed-course study to assess the conspicuity of wrong-way driving countermeasures - Finley MD, Miles JD.
Alcohol has been found to be the primary contributing factor in many wrong-way crash studies. Thus, Texas A&M Transportation Institute researchers conducted a night-time closed-course study to assess the conspicuity of select signing and pavement marking w... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Bicycling simulator calibration: proposed framework - Horne D, Abadi MG, Hurwitz DS.
Bicycling simulation allows for the low-risk experimental study of human factors within transportation environments. A cyclist pedals on a stationary bike trainer, which is instrumented to detect the speed of the wheel and the steering angle of the bicycle... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Analysis of rear-end conflicts in urban networks using Bayesian networks - Stylianou K, Dimitriou L.
Crash analysis and modeling studies have provided insightful information on crash-contributing factors and the methodologies utilized provide evidence that they could also be beneficial for conflict analysis, as traffic conflict data share similar traits w... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Analysis of gap acceptance behavior for unprotected right and left turning maneuvers at signalized intersections using data mining methods: a driving simulation approach - Mafi S, Abdelrazig Y, Doczy R.
Gap acceptance predictability has become a vital area of interest for traffic safety and operations due to its complexity and significance in understanding a population's driving behavior. Recent studies have implemented statistical modeling techniques, su... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Adaptive cruise control operation for improved motorway traffic flow - Spiliopoulou A, Manolis D, Foteini V, Papageorgiou M.
This study presents an ACC (adaptive cruise control)-based traffic control strategy which aims to adapt in real time the driving behavior of ACC-equipped vehicles to the prevailing traffic conditions so that motorway traffic flow efficiency is improved. Th... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

A simulation study on max pressure control of signalized intersections - Sun X, Yin Y.
In this paper, a decentralized traffic signal control strategy named max pressure control is reviewed and examined. This control strategy aims at optimizing overall network throughputs, but applies a distributed approach that only requires local informatio... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Study on the invasion behavior of E-bikes with motor vehicle traffic at a signalized intersection - Yang D, Zhou X, Wu D, Liu S.
In many developing countries like China, many queuing electric bikes (e-bikes) passing an intersection simultaneously greatly reduces the capacity of the intersection for motor vehicles, by invading the passing area of motor vehicles. To study the invasion... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Long-term mortality and cause of death for patients treated in Intensive Care Units due to poisoning - Lindqvist E, Edman G, Hollenberg J, Nordberg P, Forsberg S.
BACKGROUND: Poisoned patients treated in the Intensive Care Unit are common, representing up to 6% of all ICU admissions. The in-hospital mortality is generally low but little is known about the long-term mortality in these patients. The aim of this study ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Is traumatic brain injury a risk factor for neurodegeneration? A meta-analysis of population-based studies - Huang CH, Lin CW, Lee YC, Huang CY, Huang RY, Tai YC, Wang KW, Yang SN, Sun YT, Wang HK.
BACKGROUND: To determine the association of prior traumatic brain injury (TBI) with subsequent diagnosis of neurodegeneration disease. METHODS: All studies from 1980 to 2016 reporting TBI as a risk factor for diagnoses of interest were identified b... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Integration of biomarkers into a signature profile of persistent traumatic brain injury involving autoimmune processes following water hammer injury from repetitive head impacts - Kornguth S, Rutledge N.
OBJECTIVES: To assemble an algorithm that will describe a "Signature" predictive of an individual's vulnerability to persistent traumatic brain injury (TBI). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Studies of athletes and warriors who are subjected to repeated head ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Injuries as exposure events in providing medical services by nursing staff - Jo ńczyk A, Szczypta A, Talaga-Ćwiertnia K.
The objective of the study was to examine th... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Impact of distracted drivers on individual and group behavior of following vehicles: a networked multi-driver simulator study - Xu J, Lin Y.
As traffic density increases, drivers experience more interaction situations, with a greater need to react and adapt to other road users. Driver distraction as an impairment on road safety and traffic efficiency has been widely discussed. How distracted dr... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Evaluating the impact of rumble strips on fatal and injury freeway crashes - Dadashova B, Wu L, Dixon K.
Rumble strips are known to be one of the most cost-effective treatments for preventing roadway departure crashes. However, in recent years some studies have found controversial results indicating that rumble strips may in fact increase the number of more s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Electrophysiological measure of impaired information processing in drivers with hematological malignancy - Anderson DE, Bhatt VR, Schmid K, Lunning M, Holstein SA, Rizzo M.
The broad goal of this study is to measure remote effects of cancer on brain physiology and behaviors that underpin instrumental activities of daily living such as automobile driving. Studies of hematological malignancies (HM) have demonstrated impairments... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Transit information utilization during an extreme weather event: an analysis of smartphone app data - Remy C, Brakewood C, Ghahramani N, Kwak EJ, Peters J.
This study aims to assess information utilization during an extreme... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news