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EPA Chief Pruitt Faces Tough Questions On Capitol Hill
EPA chief Scott Pruitt could face tough questions on Capitol Hill Thursday. It's his first appearance before lawmakers since a string of ethics allegations prompted numerous investigations.(Image credit: Andrew Harnik/AP) (Source: NPR Health and Science)
Source: NPR Health and Science - April 26, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jennifer Ludden Source Type: news

Johnson & Johnson wins appeal to overturn $151 million hip implant verdict
(Reuters) - Johnson& Johnson on Wednesday secured a favorable U.S. appellate court ruling, overturning a verdict that had awarded $151 million to five people who blamed injuries they suffered on the company's Pinnacle hip implant devices. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - April 26, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Growing brains in labs: why it's time for an ethical debate
Experts argue that experiments have edged so much closer to the possibility of consciousness that guidelines are needed“I have never seen so many brains out of their heads before!” declares Dr Michael Hfuhruhurr, the world-renowned neurosurgeon played by Steve Martin who has a love affair with a brain in a jar in the 1983 movie, The Man with Two Brains.Thirty five years on, the prospect of falling for a disembodied brain is still looking slim, but researchers have made such progress in growing and maintaining human brain tissue in the lab that a group of scientists, lawyers, ethicists and philosophers have call...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - April 26, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Ian Sample Science editor Tags: Neuroscience Ethics World news Consciousness Psychology Human biology Source Type: news

Binge drinking among young adults in Israel: application of the theory of planned behavior - Lawental M, Kipnis A, Rigg K.
Binge drinking is common among young people, and is an area of concern in many countries worldwide. Israel has seen a steady increase in binge drinking behaviors in recent years among youth and young adults. Using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) as a ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Medico-legal aspects of disabilities due to orthopedic injuries and compensations in Egypt - Ghaleb SS, Elwahab Hassan DA, Shehab AM, El-Ghafar Mohamed Hassan SA.
Disability is a complex problem that results in detrimental effects on the victim. The number of disabled has increased considerably. The development constitutes a good reason for paying more specific attention to society's growing number of disabled. The ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

British toddler Alfie Evans not allowed to leave, court says
The fate of 23-month-old Alfie Evans will be decided Wednesday by judges at the UK Court of Appeal where his parents are appealing a ruling made by the High Court on Tuesday to prevent the child from leaving the country for medical treatment. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - April 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Court rules gravely ill UK child cannot travel to Vatican hospital
LIVERPOOL, England (Reuters) - A British court rejected an appeal on Wednesday from parents of a gravely ill 23-month-old boy to take their son to Italy for treatment, a case that has drawn international attention, including from Pope Francis. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - April 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Parents of sick toddler Alfie Evans lose UK court appeal
Britain's Court of Appeal has rejected a new bid by the parents of terminally ill toddler Alfie Evans to take him to Italy and continue his life support, against the wishes of his doctors and judges (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - April 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

British toddler Alfie Evans' fate to be decided by UK High Court
The fate of 23-month-old Alfie Evans will be decided Wednesday by judges at the UK Court of Appeal where his parents are appealing a ruling made by the High Court on Tuesday to prevent the child from leaving the country for medical treatment. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - April 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Parents of sick toddler Alfie Evans make new court challenge
Lawyers are battling in a London court over the fate of Alfie Evans, a terminally ill British toddler whose case has drawn support from Pope Francis and sparked an international debate about the competing rights of the child his doctors and his parents (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - April 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Tests confirm deadly listeria strain at South Africa's Tiger Brands' plant
JOHANNESBURG (Reuters) - South Africa's Tiger Brands, which faces two class action lawsuits over a listeria outbreak that has killed 180 people, said results from an independent laboratory confirmed the presence of the deadly listeria strain in one of its food factories. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - April 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

U.S. court upholds dismissal of $200 million Merck verdict against Gilead
(Reuters) - A U.S. appeals court on Wednesday affirmed a ruling that pharmaceutical company Merck& Co dishonestly obtained patent rights and was not entitled to collect a $200 million infringement verdict it won against rival Gilead Sciences Inc. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - April 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Jennifer Aniston uses CBD oil – but what is it? 
A favourite among A-listers, experts claim that CBD oil can help with joint pain, endometriosis and insomnia. The oil is legal in the UK and will not make you 'high' (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - April 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Zimbabwe:Nurses Rush to Court As Chiwenga Threatens 'War' and 'Violence'
[New Zimbabwe] NURSES dismissed by the government last Tuesday for striking have accused Vice President Constantino Chiwenga of threatening them with "violence and war" before ejecting their leaders from a negotiation meeting. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 25, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Beware of the Agreeable, Noncompliant Patient Beware of the Agreeable, Noncompliant Patient
Many physicians are caught off guard when they face a malpractice lawsuit from a seemingly agreeable patient whom they have known for years. Is there any way to prevent this from happening?Medscape Business of Medicine (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - April 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Family Medicine/Primary Care Article Source Type: news

Court to rule on whether gravely ill UK child can go to Vatican hospital
LIVERPOOL, England (Reuters) - A British court will hear an appeal on Wednesday in the case of a gravely ill, 23-month-old boy whose case has attracted international attention, including from Pope Francis. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - April 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

New twist in saga over terminally ill U.K. toddler
Alfie Evans' parents say he's improving and want him flown to Italy for treatment, but court says last ruling "represents the final chapter" (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - April 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

PixarBio CEO Faces Criminal Fraud Charges
In the latest turn of what has been one of the more peculiar medtech/biotech stories to develop over the past couple years, PixarBio CEO Frank Reynolds and two of his associates were arrested Tuesday on charges of securities fraud. The arrest comes just shy of two months after PixarBio threatened to sue Reynolds' former company, InVivo Therapeutics, for libel and patent rights to the company's scaffold device. The U.S. Attorney's Office for the District of Massachusetts said Tuesday that Reynolds, Jay Herod, and Kenneth Stromsland were charged with engaging in a scheme to defraud PixarBio investors by making false and misl...
Source: MDDI - April 25, 2018 Category: Medical Devices Authors: Amanda Pedersen Tags: Business Source Type: news

Report recommends NI abortion law change
A working group recommends changing NI's laws to allow abortion in cases of fatal foetal abnormality. (Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition)
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - April 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

How the World ’s First Loneliness Minister Will Tackle ‘the Sad Reality of Modern Life’
Tracey Crouch knows what it’s like to feel frighteningly alone. After giving birth to her first child, Freddie, in 2016, the British lawmaker says that despite having a “network of friends, family and a wonderful partner,” she began feeling cut off from the world. It wasn’t a new sensation; Crouch says she also suffered from depression six years earlier, when she first became a member of parliament. It felt like she was “in a very dark place, a very lonely place” she recalls. Crouch’s experiences may inform her new role as the country’s first Minister for Loneliness, a role c...
Source: TIME: Health - April 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tara John / London Tags: Uncategorized loneliness public health tracey crouch Source Type: news

Uganda:Minister Achieng Tasks Lango Districts to Ban Sachet Waragi
[Independent (Kampala)] Lira -Health Minister, Dr. Jane Achieng has directed the eight districts in Lango region to immediately pass laws banning the sale of sachet waragi. The district are Dokolo, Oyam, Apac, Lira, Kole, Alebtong, Amolatar and Otuke. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 25, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news

How to Build GDPR and HIPAA Compliant Health Apps
The adoption of cloud and mobile technologies in healthcare is disrupting the services delivery models, and responsibilities and risks for involved actors. By their very nature, eHealth applications collect and manage health sensitive data and, therefore, need to comply with security and privacy requirements defined by data protection laws such as the EU GDPR or US HIPAA. With the delivery model based on cloud and mobile technologies, developers are responsible for compliance with such laws, and this represents a huge challenge for them. For developers this transition and dealing with health data is an extremely painful, c...
Source: eHealth News EU - April 25, 2018 Category: Information Technology Tags: Featured Publications Download Source Type: news

ARRS: DTI-MRI shows brain damage from cocaine use
WASHINGTON, DC - MRI scans with a diffusion-tensor imaging protocol (DTI-MRI)...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: DTI-MRI finds abnormal brain connections in autistic kids DTI-MRI ties lack of fitness to cognitive decline Court rules that DTI-MRI scans are not 'junk science' DTI-MRI poses new cause for schizophrenia DTI-MRI sheds light on Parkinson's disease (Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines)
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - April 25, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: news

High Court told NHS 'can't go back to block pricing'
A High Court was told the NHS “cannot wind back the clock to block pricing” in the first of two judicial review hearings over NHS England’s accountable care organisation contract. (Source: HSJ)
Source: HSJ - April 25, 2018 Category: UK Health Source Type: news

Brain folding provides researchers with an accurate marker to predict psychosis
(University of Western Ontario) By using images of the brain to look at how the grey matter is folded on itself, researchers can predict which high-risk patients will develop psychosis with more than 80 per cent accuracy.Researchers from Western University and Lawson Health Research Institute collaborated with scientists at the University of Basel in Switzerland to develop an approach using an MRI of the brain that can identify which patients with pre-psychotic symptoms will go on to develop full-blown psychosis. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

A more just system of juvenile justice: creating a new standard of accountability for juveniles in Illinois - Troutman B.
For over a century, America's legal system has made substantial reforms to change its treatment of adolescents. Every day, we see that our legal system treats adolescents differently from their adult counterparts. With regards to driving privileges, voting... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Between immigration control and child protection: unaccompanied minors in Belgium - De Graeve K, Vervliet M, Derluyn I.
This article describes the situation of Unaccompanied Minors (UAM) in Belgium, both in terms of their numbers and demographic profile and in terms of their health and educational challenges. It sketches the complex Belgian legal and policy framework that d... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

School segregation and its discontents: chaos and community in post-civil rights Memphis - Rushing W.
Few policies have affected American society as deeply as those related to the landmark 1954 U.S. Supreme Court decision, Brown v. Board of Education. Now, 60 years later, segregation persists along race and class divisions. This case study analysis of a me... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The gap between legal protection, good intentions and political restrictions. Unaccompanied minors in norway - Lid én H, Stang EG, Eide K.
This article presents legal regulations, policy and practice, as well as qualitative research, on several aspects of the implementation of the rights and living conditions of unaccompanied asylum-seeking minors (UAM) in Norway. The total text of the United... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The discretion of Supreme Court justices on sexually indecent acts on women over the age of 15 - Wijaranayarn P.
The objective of this research was to study the nature of the exercise of the discretion in passing a sentence on defendants by the Supreme Court justices on sexually indecent acts on women over the age of 15 and the factors related to the exercise of this... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The restroom and locker room wars: where to pee or not to pee - Eckes SE.
As society's views of sexual orientation and gender identity have significantly evolved in recent years, school districts across the country are addressing how to create policies that align with the law in this area. One recent issue involves laws and poli... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

A survey on the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among perpetrators of murder referred to the psychiatric commission of the legal medicine center of Khorasan Razavi from March 2013 to March 2015 - Hamid A, Laleh K, Zahra ETN, Arya HS, Akram F, Zohre BS.
Introduction& objectives: The present study was conducted with the aim of determining the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among murderers who were referred to the Psychiatric Commission of the Legal Medicine Office of Mashhad, Khorasan Razavi, for eval... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A right to know how you'll die: a First Amendment challenge to state secrecy statutes regarding lethal injection drugs - Mennemeier KA.
In the years since 2008, when the Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of a commonly used lethal injection protocol in Baze v. Rees, states have shifted away from the approved protocol and turned towards new drugs, drug protocols, and drug sources to... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Evaluating the inter-rater reliability of the Violence Risk Scale - Sexual Offense Version (VRS-SO) in a community-based treatment setting - Howell MJ, Beggs Christofferson SM, Olver ME.
METHODS to assess risk of reoffending and guide rehabilitation efforts for offenders have been evolving over several decades, resulting in the development of a number of specialised tools. Evaluating the validity and reliability of these tools across conte... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Examining jurors: applying conversation analysis to voir dire in capital cases, a first look - O'Brien B, Grosso CM, Taylor AP.
This study of jury selection for 792 potential jurors across twelve randomly selected North Carolina c... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

How rape myths are used and challenged in rape and sexual assault trials - Smith O, Skinner T.
Court responses to rape and sexual assault have been repeatedly criticized in England and Wales (Brown et al., 2010). In particular, research has identified prevalent stereotypes about rape in both the criminal justice system and wider society, with these ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Militarism and security: dialogue, possibilities and limits - Stavrianakis A, Stern M.
While attention to security has grown exponentially over the last few decades, militarism - the preparation for and normalization and legitimation of war - has not received the widespread and sustained focus it warrants in mainstream or critical circles. R... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Methods for predicting offender's criminal history in single homicide cases: comparison of logistic regression analysis and decision trees - 祐輔, 一樹, 賀英子, 和美, 妙子.
The present study compared decision tree analysis to logistic regression analysis in order to investigate whether decision tree analysis has sufficient ability to construct a model that predicts offender characteristics from the crime scene and/or victim i... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Impact of traffic enforcement on traffic safety - Rezapour Mashhadi MM, Saha P, Ksaibati K.
Motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) have a huge cost to society in terms of death, injury and property damage. The cost of fatal MVCs alone is estimated at US $44 billion per year. Among many confounding factors, traffic citations as an element that may reduce MV... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

On demons and dreamers: violence, silence and the politics of impunity in the Brazilian Truth Commission - Furtado H.
Measures towards post-conflict or post-authoritarian justice have historically relied on the merging of the concepts of silence, violence and impunity in order to create a single promise of justice. Scholars and practitioners in the field usually defend a ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Revisiting the public safety exception to Miranda for suspected terrorists: Dzhokhar Tsarnaev and the bombing of the 2013 Boston Marathon - Lonky H.
This Comment examines the application of the public safety exception to Miranda to cases of domestic terrorism, looking particularly at the case of Dzhokhar Tsarnaev and the 2013 Boston Marathon bombing. By comparing the Department of Justice's War on Terr... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Revisiting broken windows: the role of neighborhood and individual characteristics in reaction to disorder cues - V ölker B.
The influential 'broken windows' theory proposes that disorder cues in neighborhoods trigger littering and other antisocial behavior. Until now, the theory has been empirically tested only on a small scale and restricted to just one specific area. In this ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Responding to globalization and urban conflict: human rights city initiatives - Smith J.
Expanding globalization and urbanization have intensified the threats to human rights for many vulnerable groups and have restricted resources available to the primary guarantors of these rights--local authorities. Human rights cities initiatives are botto... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

On the recent attacks and violence toward progressive scholars - Embrick DG, Brunsma DL.
The past few years have seen a remarkable rise in the volume and intensity of attacks on progressive scholars, in particular scholars of color, and even more particularly progressive scholars of color whose work critically investigate extant intersectional... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Why punishment pleases: punitive feelings in a world of hostile solidarity - Carvalho H, Chamberlen A.
The argument advanced in this paper is that the motivation to punish relies on punishment producing a kind of solidarity that allows individuals to pursue emotional release together with a sense of belonging, without having to question or address why it is... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

The rhetoric of abolition: continuity and change in the struggle against America's death penalty, 1900-2010 - Sarat A, Kermes R, Cambra H, Curran A, Kiley M, Pant K.
This article seeks to understand when, how, and where the framing of arguments against capital punishment has changed. While others have focused exclusively on the national level, we studied the framing of abolitionist arguments in three American states: C... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

The American death penalty decline - Garrett BL, Jakubow A, Desai A.
American death sentences have both declined and become concentrated in a small group of counties. In his dissenting opinion in Glossip v. Gross in 2014, Justice Stephen Breyer highlighted how from 2004 to 2006, "just 29 counties (fewer than 1% of counties ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Survey the concepts of virginity and its pathology - Mehri R, Masoumeh S, Fatemeh N, Jaber G, Abooali V, Ali EM, Asieh J.
This study is aimed to investigate the co... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Wicked overseers: American policing and colonialism - Steinmetz KF, Schaefer BP, Henderson H.
In recent times, several tragic events have brought attention to the relationship between policing and racial/ethnic minorities in the United States. Scholars, activists, and pundits have clamored to explain tensions that have arisen from these police-rela... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

You can't fix what you don't look at: acknowledging race in addressing racial discipline disparities - Carter PL, Skiba R, Arredondo MI, Pollock M.
Racial/ethnic stereotypes are deep rooted in our history; among these, the dangerous Black male stereotype is especially relevant to issues of differential school discipline today. Although integration in the wake of Brown v. Board of Education was intende... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news