Biocidal products: Opportunities in risk assessment, management, and communication
This study aimed to provide an overview of key aspects of risk assessment, management, and communication that ensure the safety of biocidal active ingredients and products. The inherent characteristics of biocidal products make them effective against pests and pathogens; however, they also possess potential toxicities. Therefore, public awareness regarding both the beneficial and potential adverse effects of biocidal products needs to be increased. Biocidal active ingredients and products are regulated under specific laws: the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act for the United States; the European Union (EU...
Source: Risk Analysis - May 28, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Byung ‐Mu Lee, Angela Bearth, Robert M. Tighe, Manho Kim, Simon Tan, Seok Kwon Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 20, Pages 5978: Particle Exposure Hazards of Visiting Outdoor Smoking Areas for Patients with Asthma or COPD Even in EU Countries with Comprehensive Smokefree Laws
We examined if exposure to PM2.5 particles in outdoor smoking areas changed breathing rates in 60 patients with asthma (n = 30) or with COPD (n = 30), in an open, non-randomised, interventional study model in Czechia, Ireland and Spain. The patients wore a PM2.5 particle monitor (AirSpeck) and a breath monitor (RESpeck) for 24 h to determine changes in breathing rates (Br) at rest and during a visit to an outside smoking area. Spirometry and breath CO were measured before and the day after visiting an outdoor smoking area. The PM2.5 levels at the 60 venues were highly variable, ranging from ≥2000 µ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - May 28, 2023 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sheila Keogan Tamara Alonso Salome Sunday Joan Hanafin Olena Tigova Esteve Fernandez Maria Jose Lopez Silvano Gallus Sean Semple Anna Tzortzi Roberto Boffi Giuseppe Gorini Angel Lopez-Nicolas Cornel Radu-Loghin D. K. Arvind Joan B. Soriano Luke Clancy Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 20, Pages 5980: Integrating Telehealth for Strengthening Health Systems in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Perspective from Peru
arez The COVID-19 pandemic forced the government to rapidly modify its legal framework to adopt telemedicine and promote the implementation of telehealth services to meet the healthcare needs of patients in Peru. In this paper, we aim to review the main changes to the regulatory framework and describe selected initiatives to promote the telehealth framework that emerged in Peru during the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, we discuss the challenges to integrate telehealth services for strengthening health systems in Peru. The Peruvian telehealth regulatory framework began in 2005, and in subsequent years, laws and regulat...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - May 28, 2023 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Walter H. Curioso Lelis G. Coronel-Chucos Milagro Henr íquez-Suarez Tags: Review Source Type: research

Sensors, Vol. 23, Pages 5146: Comparison of Grip Strength, Forearm Muscle Activity, and Shock Transmission between the Forehand Stroke Technique of Experienced and Recreational Tennis Players Using a Novel Wearable Device
onnik Upper limb tennis injuries are primarily chronic, resulting from repetitive overuse. We developed a wearable device which simultaneously measures risk factors (grip strength, forearm muscle activity, and vibrational data) associated with elbow tendinopathy development resulting from tennis players’ technique. We tested the device on experienced (n = 18) and recreational (n = 22) tennis players hitting forehand cross-court at both flat and topspin spin levels under realistic playing conditions. Using statistical parametric mapping analysis, our results showed that all players showed a similar level o...
Source: Sensors - May 28, 2023 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Chantelle Jean Rigozzi Gareth A. Vio Philip Poronnik Tags: Article Source Type: research

Neighborhood walkability, neighborhood social health, and self-selection among U.S. adults
CONCLUSION: Neighborhood walkability may promote specific aspects of neighborhood social health, which together are beneficial for physical and mental health. These findings provide additional impetus for enhancing walkability of US communities.PMID:37244155 | DOI:10.1016/j.healthplace.2023.103036 (Source: Health and Place)
Source: Health and Place - May 27, 2023 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jacob R Carson Terry L Conway Lilian G Perez Lawrence D Frank Brian E Saelens Kelli L Cain James F Sallis Source Type: research

How do French Obstetrician-Gynaecologists perceive their quality of life? A national survey
CONCLUSIONS: This report confirms a high burnout rate within a stressful profession, with major impacts from on-call activity, insufficient salary relative to the arduousness of this practice, high exposure to medico-legal actions and media attention. Revising shift duration to a maximum 12 h, better control over global workload, higher salary and renewed social recognition are urgent priorities.PMID:37243999 | DOI:10.1016/j.ejogrb.2023.05.010 (Source: Reproductive Biology)
Source: Reproductive Biology - May 27, 2023 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Margaux Merlier Louise Ghesqui ère Cyril Huissoud E Drumez Oliver Morel Charles Garabedian Source Type: research

Human rights and older people: process and perspectives
Bridget Penhale The Journal of Adult Protection, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- This paper aims to provide an overview and viewpoint on current international initiatives relating to the human rights of older people.The paper provides a review of recent and current developments in relation to the human rights of older people and some discussion of these issues.In addition to the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights, there are separate conventions on the rights of women, children and persons with disabilities. However, there is currently no universal, binding legal instrument on the human rights of older ...
Source: The Journal of Adult Protection - May 27, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Bridget Penhale Source Type: research

Impact of storage conditions and time on DNA yield from ammunition cartridges
AbstractRecovery of suitable amounts of DNA from ammunition cartridges for short tandem repeat (STR) or mitochondrial (mt) DNA analysis has been a challenge for crime laboratories. The metal composition of cartridge cases and projectiles exposes the DNA to harmful ions that damage and ultimately degrade the DNA such that it cannot be effectively amplified. The current study assessed the impact of time and storage conditions on touch DNA deposited on cartridge components of varying metal content: aluminum, nickel, brass, and copper. Elevated humidity levels facilitated greater DNA degradation and loss compared to low humidi...
Source: International Journal of Legal Medicine - May 27, 2023 Category: Medical Law Source Type: research

A beetle for prosecution: exogenous DNA detection from larval and adult gut of a Neotropical carrion beetle
This study evaluated whether the Neotropical carrion beetleOxelytrum discicolle (Silphidae) has the potential for the detection of exogenous DNA into the gut. The whole gut or the gut contents were extracted fromO. discicolle larvae and adult previously fed on pig carcass. The pig DNA recovery rate was 33.3% in larvae and 25% in adults, indicating that the carrion beetle ’s gut may be useful for DNA identification of ingested food. Samples with the whole gut or only gut contents showed the same DNA recovery rate. Exogenous DNA from the whole gut was recovered from samples stored in ethanol at -20 ºC for 11 days, showing...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - May 27, 2023 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Sensors, Vol. 23, Pages 5117: Resource Allocation for a Secure SWIPT Network Based on a Quantitative Energy Harvesting Mechanism
ie Wang Simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT) technology can effectively extend the lifecycle of energy-constrained networks. In order to improve the energy harvesting (EH) efficiency and network performance in secure SWIPT networks, this paper studies the resource allocation problem based on the quantitative EH mechanism in the secure SWIPT network. Based on a quantitative EH mechanism and nonlinear EH model, a quantified power-splitting (QPS) receiver architecture is designed. This architecture is applied in the multiuser multi-input single-output secure SWIPT network. With the goal of maximizi...
Source: Sensors - May 27, 2023 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Long Zhu Liang Xue Xuan Gong Chunjie Wang Tags: Article Source Type: research

NIH toughens enforcement of delayed clinical trials reporting
Last year, the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) delivered a stern warning to two in-house clinical researchers who had broken an important rule. They had failed to submit the results of two clinical trials they had overseen to, a database meant to inform the public about human studies and their results. The reporting requirement has often been ignored, but this time the agency took an unprecedented step: It told the scientists it wouldn’t approve any more of their research until they fell in line. After that warning and other agency actions, the pair complied, well after the 1-year deadli...
Source: Science of Aging Knowledge Environment - May 26, 2023 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Firearm Mortality Among Pre-school Age Children, 2010 –2020
AbstractFirearms are a substantial cause of death for pre-school children (ages 0 –5 years). The purpose of this study was to characterize fatal firearm violence in this age group. The Web-Based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS) data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) were analyzed for the years 2010–2020. There were 1,220 firearm d eaths during the study period with a 75% increase in the rate of deaths per 100,000 population. Most deaths (two-thirds) were among males. Non-Hispanic Blacks comprised 56.4% of all deaths in 2020, a 172% increase from 2010 and the rate for non-Hi...
Source: Journal of Community Health - May 26, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy, serpiginous choroiditis and related diseases
J Fr Ophtalmol. 2023 May 24:S0181-5512(23)00223-1. doi: 10.1016/j.jfo.2023.03.003. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAcute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy (APMPPE) and serpiginous choroiditis are two diseases classified as "white spot syndromes." Both are inflammatory/autoimmune diseases with suspected primary involvement of the choriocapillaris. The former usually has an excellent prognosis, while the latter can rapidly induce legal blindness. Whereas these diseases are well defined and well known, other entities (such as persistent placoid maculopathy or ampiginous choroiditis) with features of both APMPP...
Source: Journal Francais d Ophtalmologie - May 26, 2023 Category: Opthalmology Authors: F Hoogewoud Y Guex-Crosier É Bousquet Source Type: research

Supporting consumers' informed food choices: Sources, channels, and use of information
Adv Food Nutr Res. 2023;104:229-257. doi: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2022.10.005. Epub 2022 Nov 23.ABSTRACTInformation about food is available from several sources using a variety of communication channels. Following an overview of the different types on food information, the most important source/channel combinations are discussed. The key steps in processing the information toward making a food choice are discussed: consumer's exposure to such information, the attention the consumer pays to it, the understanding and/or liking of the information, as well as the importance of motivation, knowledge, and trust. To support consumers in ...
Source: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research - May 26, 2023 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gert W Meijer Klaus G Grunert Liisa L ähteenmäki Source Type: research

Hospice Nurse Ethics and Institutional Policies Toward Medical Aid in Dying
This article reviews the origins of this common policy, as well as nursing codes of ethics and professional organization policy statements as they relate to nursing commitments to patients. It finds that an institutional policy requiring nurses to leave the room while a patient ingests aid-in-dying medication risks violating professional nursing standards, reinforces stigma regarding medical aid in dying, and potentially abandons patients and loved ones at a critical time in their passage toward a desired and legal death. The authors describe a case that depicts these three potential risks, concluding that even if such pol...
Source: The American Journal of Nursing - May 26, 2023 Category: Nursing Authors: Jean Abbott Jeanne Kerwin Constance Holden Margaret Pabst Battin Charles Miller Thaddeus Mason Pope Source Type: research