Propositions de réflexion à partir de l’article de Cyril Desjeux sur les modalités de coopération entre personnes valides et handicapées. Commentaire.
Publication date: Available online 13 December 2018Source: AlterAuthor(s): Jean-Sébastien Eideliman, Myriam WinanceRésuméDans cet article court, nous proposons un commentaire de l’article de Cyril Desjeux (« Le “soin” pensé au nom des personnes handicapées : quels enjeux éthiques et de pouvoir ? »). Nous revenons sur plusieurs questions posées par cet article. La première concerne les diverses manières de qualifier un acte comme « aide » ou « soin », les tensions qui p...
Source: ALTER - European Journal of Disability Research - December 14, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Maini's Many Contributions to Mathematical Enzyme Kinetics: A Review
Publication date: Available online 14 December 2018Source: Journal of Theoretical BiologyAuthor(s): Meghan A. BurkeAbstractModelling enzyme kinetics has a long history, as one of the earliest areas where mathematics was utilized to understand biological (in this case, biochemical) phenomena. By using differential equations and the law of mass action, many researchers have discovered information about the mechanisms of enzyme workings in the more than 100 years since Leonor Michaelis and Maud Menten published their classic paper in 1913. This work uses the laws obeyed by molecules during a reaction, translates them into mat...
Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology - December 14, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Salivary Biomarkers of Parenting Stress in Mothers Under Community Criminal Justice Supervision
Discussion Our results demonstrate the potential predictive utility of AA and cortisol as salivary biomarkers of maternal stress in community-supervised mothers. Given that maternal stress is associated with criminal recidivism and child behavioral health in this population, these biomarkers could potentially inform interventions to improve dyadic health and social outcomes. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - December 14, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: HEALTH EQUITY SERIES Source Type: research

Knockout of MTF1 Inhibits the Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition in Ovarian Cancer Cells
In this study, we report for the first time that metal regulatory transcription factor 1 (MTF1) was upregulated in ovarian cancer, and its high expression was associated with poor patient survival and disease relapse. Knockout of MTF1 using lentiviral CRISPR/Cas9 nickase vector-mediated gene editing inhibited EMT by upregulating epithelial cell markers E-cadherin and cytokeratin 7, and downregulating mesenchymal markers Snai2 and β-catenin in ovarian cancer SKOV3 and OVCAR3 cells. Loss of MTF1 reduced cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in both SKOV3 and OVCAR3 cells. Knockout of MTF1 upregulated the expressio...
Source: Journal of Cancer - December 14, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Liang Ji, Guannan Zhao, Peng Zhang, Wenying Huo, Peixin Dong, Hidemichi Watari, Limin Jia, Lawrence M Pfeffer, Junming Yue, Jinhua Zheng Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

[The Influence of Residence Status on Psychiatric Symptom Load of Asylum Seekers in Germany].
CONCLUSION: Our data emphazise the high relevance of mental health burden among refugees. PMID: 30541158 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Psychiatrische Praxis)
Source: Psychiatrische Praxis - December 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Prax Source Type: research

The effect of concealed carry weapons laws on firearm sales
Publication date: Available online 12 December 2018Source: Social Science ResearchAuthor(s): Trent SteidleyAbstractDespite numerous studies exploring the link between concealed carry weapons (CCW) laws and the effect of “more guns, more/less crime” it is unknown if liberalizing CCW laws indeed influences legal firearm sales. Building on previous research, I hypothesize that liberal CWW laws are associated with increases in handgun sales while having no association with long gun sales. Using National Instant Background Check System (NICS) data as a proxy for firearm sales and state fixed-effects regression model...
Source: Social Science Research - December 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Conscientious objection to abortion: Zambian healthcare practitioners' beliefs and practices
Publication date: Available online 12 December 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Emily Freeman, Ernestina CoastAbstractThe potential health consequences of limiting access to safe abortion make it imperative to understand how conscience-based refusal to provide legally permitted services is understood and carried out by healthcare practitioners. This in-depth study of conscientious objection to abortion provision in Zambia is based on qualitative interviews (N = 51) with practitioners working across the health system who object and do not object to providing abortion services in accordance with their ...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - December 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Investigating the Assignment of Probation Conditions: Heterogeneity and the Role of Race and Ethnicity
ConclusionsLCA has the potential of classifying the multiple components of probation sentences without masking the heterogeneous nature of the conditions and imposing classification systems. Heterogeneity in the assignment of probation conditions represents a source of racial and ethnic sentencing disparities. (Source: Journal of Quantitative Criminology)
Source: Journal of Quantitative Criminology - December 14, 2018 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 2866: Prenatal Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Early Development of Children in Rural Guizhou Province, China
Conclusions: Prenatal exposure to ETS is negatively associated with the cognitive and language development of rural young children within their first two years of life. The government should take action to raise public awareness about the negative effects of tobacco use, with an emphasis on the protection of pregnant women and their children, in order to carry through comprehensive smoke-free laws in rural areas, while also increasing tobacco taxation. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 14, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yang He Renfu Luo Tianyi Wang Jingjing Gao Chengfang Liu Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 2854: Role of Social and Informational Support while Deciding on Pregnancy Termination for Medical Reasons
Conclusions: The decision to terminate a pregnancy is made by mature women with a stable life situation—supported by their partner and close family. They do not expect systemic support, as they believe it is marginal, and only seek emotional support from their closest family. They appreciate support provided by professional medical personnel if it is personal. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 14, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kornelia Zar ęba Marta Makara-Studzi ńska Micha ł Ciebiera Jacek Gierus Grzegorz Jakiel Tags: Article Source Type: research

Sensors, Vol. 18, Pages 4431: A Fiber Bragg-Grating-Based Miniature Sensor for the Fast Detection of Soil Moisture Profiles in Highway Slopes and Subgrades
engya Sun A fiber Bragg grating (FBG)-based aluminum oxide tube packed sensor (ATPS) was developed for the fast detection of the soil moisture profile in highway slopes and subgrades. The novel ATPS consists of an aluminum oxide tube with a diameter of 5 mm, an optical fiber containing a quasi-distributed FBG sensors, a “U”-shaped resistance wire, and a flange. There are four 0.9-mm diameter holes in the ATPS. Laboratory experiments were carried out to calibrate the relationship between the thermal response of ATPS and the soil moisture content. Two laboratory rainfall validation model tests...
Source: Sensors - December 14, 2018 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Dingfeng Cao Hongyuan Fang Fuming Wang Honghu Zhu Mengya Sun Tags: Article Source Type: research

Global mapping for the epidemiology of paediatric spinal cord damage: towards a living data repository
Global mapping for the epidemiology of paediatric spinal cord damage: towards a living data repository, Published online: 14 December 2018; doi:10.1038/s41393-018-0209-5Global mapping for the epidemiology of paediatric spinal cord damage: towards a living data repository (Source: Spinal Cord)
Source: Spinal Cord - December 14, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Peter Wayne New Bonsan Bonne Lee Raymond Cripps Lawrence C. Vogel Adam Scheinberg Mary-Clare Waugh Source Type: research

Tongue position and its relation to the cause of death and sequential stages of body decomposition observed during 608 forensic post-mortems
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to document tongue position and its relation to the cause of death and sequential stages of body decomposition, as observed during the routine forensic pathological examination of bodies. The sample of 608 included all bodies examined by the first and third authors during the period April 2016 to September 2016. Tongue position was recorded in all cases where position of the tongue could be visually determined. The condition of the body was recorded as follows: fresh flaccid, fresh with rigor mortis, early decomposition, and advanced decomposition. The cause of death was recorded where...
Source: International Journal of Legal Medicine - December 14, 2018 Category: Medical Law Source Type: research

Pakistani woman seeks court approval for sex change to earn a living
(Source: BMJ News)
Source: BMJ News - December 13, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Adult Primary Bone Sarcoma and Time to Treatment Initiation: An Analysis of the National Cancer Database.
Authors: Lawrenz JM, Curtis GL, Styron JF, George J, Anderson PM, Zahler S, Shepard DR, Rubin BP, Nystrom LM, Mesko NW Abstract Objective: The time to treatment interval (TTI), defined as the period from diagnosis to first definitive treatment, has very limited descriptions toward understanding delays in primary bone sarcoma (PBS) care. Our primary goal was to determine the national standard for time to treatment initiation (TTI) in PBS in adults and to identify characteristics associated with TTI variability. Methods: An analysis of the National Cancer Database identified 15,083 adult patients with PBS diagnos...
Source: Sarcoma - December 13, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Sarcoma Source Type: research

US Congress passes farm bill funding agriculture and sustainability programs
5-year authorization legalizes hemp, leaves pesticide issues hanging (Source: Chemical and Engineering News)
Source: Chemical and Engineering News - December 13, 2018 Category: Chemistry Authors: Britt E. Erickson Source Type: research

Estimation of the postmortem interval based on the human decomposition process
This study shows a poor correlation (ICC = 0.254) between the PMI estimations of the 89 forensic physicians. It is therefore not advised that PMI estimations based on experience be used as evidence in court. (Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - December 13, 2018 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Foodborne diseases do not respect borders: Zoonotic pathogens and antimicrobial resistant bacteria in food products of animal origin illegally imported into the European Union
Publication date: Available online 12 December 2018Source: The Veterinary JournalAuthor(s): Wiebke Jansen, Anja Müller, Nils Grabowski, Corinna Kehrenberg, Benoît Muylkens, Sascha Al DahoukAbstractGlobalisation, international trade and the ever-growing flow of goods and people enable animal diseases and zoonotic pathogens to travel worldwide. The risk of reintroducing previously eradicated animal diseases into the European Union is omnipresent as considerable amounts of food products of animal origin (POAO) from endemic countries are continuously imported legally and illegally into the EU. Additionally, these pr...
Source: The Veterinary Journal - December 13, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Microextractions In Forensic Toxicology: The Potential Role Of Ionic Liquids
Publication date: Available online 13 December 2018Source: TrAC Trends in Analytical ChemistryAuthor(s): Marieke De Boeck, Wim Dehaen, Jan Tytgat, Eva CuypersAbstractIn forensic toxicology, scientists are faced with complex samples and trace concentrations of low-dose legal and illegal drugs. To enable accurate and sensitive analysis, a thorough sample preparation step is crucial. In the context of green chemistry, sample preparation techniques are rapidly evolving. Microextractions are introduced to avoid the use of large solvent volumes and obtain high analyte enrichment. Another trend is the search for alternative solve...
Source: TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry - December 13, 2018 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Toward improved evaluations of laws against drink-driving
Publication date: Available online 12 December 2018Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Etienne Blais, Pierre Maurice (Source: The Lancet)
Source: The Lancet - December 13, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

An evaluation of the effects of lowering blood alcohol concentration limits for drivers on the rates of road traffic accidents and alcohol consumption: a natural experiment
This study is registered with ISRCTN, number ISRCTN38602189.FindingsWe assessed the weekly rate of RTAs and alcohol consumption between Jan 1, 2013, and Dec 31, 2016, before and after the BAC limit came into effect on Dec 5, 2014. After the reduction in BAC limits for drivers in Scotland, we found no significant change in weekly RTA rates after adjustment for seasonality and underlying temporal trend (rate ratio 1·01, 95% CI 0·94–1·08; p=0.77) or after adjustment for seasonality, the underlying temporal trend, and the driver characteristics of age, sex, and socioeconomic deprivation (1·00,...
Source: The Lancet - December 13, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Comparison of recurrence and postoperative complications between 3 different techniques for surgical repair of idiopathic hydrocele
To determine if recurrence rates and complication rates differ between three different techniques for treatment of idiopathic hydrocele: Jaboulay bottleneck, Hydrocelectomy, or Lord's technique. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - December 13, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Lawrence Tsai, Preston A. Milburn, Charles L. Cecil, Patrick S. Lowry, Michael R. Hermans Source Type: research

PF CAT Outcomes in Diabetic Lumbar Spine Surgical Patients
Diabetes is a highly prevalent comorbid condition among patients undergoing spine surgery. Several studies have used legacy patient-reported outcome measures to implicate diabetes as a predictor of increased disability, pain, and decreased physical function and quality of life following spine surgery. The effect of diabetes on postoperative physical function has not yet been studied using the PROMIS ® Physical Function Computer Adaptive Test (PF CAT). (Source: The Spine Journal)
Source: The Spine Journal - December 13, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Mathieu D. Squires, Nicholas Spina, Ashley Neese, Yue Zhang, William Ryan Spiker, Brandon Lawrence, Darrel S. Brodke Tags: Clinical Study Source Type: research

Association of Asian mitochondrial DNA haplogroup B with new development of knee osteoarthritis in Koreans
AbstractAimThe aim of this study was to determine which mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup is associated with new development of knee osteoarthritis (OA).MethodsEpidemiologic data and knee radiographs with the Kellgren ‐Lawrence (K/L) score of the Ansung cohort study were prospectively obtained from the 2nd (2005‐2006) and 6th follow‐up periods (2013‐2014). The mtDNA was analyzed by multiplex mutagenetically separated polymerase chain reaction to determine Asian mtDNA haplogroups (M, G, D, D4, D5, M7, M8, M9, M10, N, A, N9, R, F and B). The frequency of the mtDNA haplogroup was compared between participants with ...
Source: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases - December 13, 2018 Category: Rheumatology Authors: Bon San Koo, Yoonah Song, Seunghun Lee, Yoon ‐Kyoung Sung, Kyoung‐Jin Shin, Nam H. Cho, Jae‐Bum Jun Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Towards viscoelastic characterisation of the human ulnar nerve: An early assessment using embalmed cadavers
The ulnar nerve travels through the upper limb and cubital tunnel transmitting sensation from the skin overlying the hypothenar eminence, the corresponding area of skin posteriorly, the little finger and half of the ring finger as well as supplying motor function to numerous muscles of the forearm and hand [1]. Cubital tunnel syndrome is the most prevalent neuropathy of the ulnar nerve and the second commonest neuropathy of the upper limb [2]. Its aetiology is controversial. Originally, it was thought to be due to a compressive or entrapment neuropathy [3 –5]. (Source: Medical Engineering and Physics)
Source: Medical Engineering and Physics - December 13, 2018 Category: Biomedical Engineering Authors: Carla G Barberio, Tahseen Chaudhry, Dominic M Power, Simon Tan, Bernard M Lawless, Daniel M Espino, Joanne C Wilton Source Type: research

Analysing the use of the Australian Health Star Rating system by level of food processing
The consumption of ultra-processed foods is associated with diminished dietary quality and adverse health outcomes. The Australian Health Star Rating (HSR) is a nutrient-based front-of-pack (FOP) labelling sys... (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity - December 13, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sarah Dickie, Julie L. Woods and Mark Lawrence Tags: Research Source Type: research

Determinants of environmental styrene exposure in Gulf coast residents
Determinants of environmental styrene exposure in Gulf coast residents, Published online: 13 December 2018; doi:10.1038/s41370-018-0098-xDeterminants of environmental styrene exposure in Gulf coast residents (Source: Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology - December 13, 2018 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Emily J. Werder Dale P. Sandler David B. Richardson Michael E. Emch Richard K. Kwok Lawrence S. Engel Source Type: research

More interdisciplinary research is needed in forensic medicine
AbstractForensic routine consists of more than just the classical legal medicine described in textbooks. It is often crucial to answer forensic questions that involve numerous interfaces with other medical disciplines. These interdisciplinary questions that arise in routine autopsy proceedures can also be addressed scientifically, despite decreasing autopsy numbers. Forensic medicine is not only able to generate epidemiologically relevant data, but can also contribute to the establishment of new treatment pathways based on forensic data ( “preventive pathology”), at least for certain autopsy sub-populations. In...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - December 13, 2018 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Spin-state dependence of the structural and vibrational properties of solvated iron(II) polypyridyl complexes from AIMD simulations: II. aqueous [Fe(tpy)2]Cl2
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2019, Advance Article DOI: 10.1039/C8CP06671J, PaperLat évi M. Lawson Daku LS and HS Fe –O radial distribution functions and running coordination numbers for aqueous [Fe(tpy)2]Cl2: in both spin states, the first hydration shell of [Fe(tpy)2]2+ consists in a chain of ∼15 hydrogen-bonded water molecules wrapped around the ligands. To cite this article before page numbers are assigned, use the DOI form of citation above. The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry (Source: RSC - Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. latest articles)
Source: RSC - Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. latest articles - December 12, 2018 Category: Chemistry Authors: Lat évi M. Lawson Daku Source Type: research

Noncompliance with the law prohibiting the sale of cigarettes to minors in Brazil: an inconvenient truth
Conclusions: Our findings raise an important public health concern and may contribute to supporting educational and surveillance measures to enforce compliance with existing anti-tobacco laws in Brazil, which have been disregarded.RESUMO Objetivo: Fornecer um cen ário atualizado do cumprimento da lei que proíbe a venda de cigarros para menores de 18 anos de idade. Métodos: Foram utilizados dados de acesso à compra de cigarros obtidos por meio de uma pesquisa de âmbito nacional, realizada em 2015, entre jovens escolares de 13 a 17 anos. Foram estimadas as proporções simples de...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia - December 12, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

The social representation of female public management psychologists
Resumo O objetivo deste artigo foi identificar as representa ções sociais na profissão e atuação de psicólogas gestoras em políticas de proteção social em Brasília, a partir de pesquisa fundamentada na Teoria das Representações Sociais. Para a pesquisa foi utilizada a entrevista semiestruturada junto a nove psicólogas gestoras que atuam como coor denadoras de equipe multidisciplinar, nas áreas de saúde, assistência social e assistência sociojurídica. Por meio do Alceste, obtiveram-se quatro classes, d...
Source: Psicologia e Sociedade - December 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Theoretical contributions on aging from the perspective of person-environment studies
Resumo A adapta ção aos ambientes é primordial para fortalecer o bem-estar e a qualidade de vida. Os estudos pessoa-ambiente buscam, dentre outros interesses, aprofundar a compreensão de como se constrói maior congruência entre as necessidades individuais e as características do ambiente físico, a fim de re duzir os níveis de pressão e estresse ambientais decorrentes dessas adaptações. Essa reciprocidade humano-ambiental foi explorada por Lawton e colaboradores, a partir da década de 1970, no contexto institucional. O modelo teó...
Source: Psicologia USP - December 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effects of the Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act on Specialty Outpatient Behavioral Health Spending and Utilization.
DISCUSSION: Potential reasons for MHPAEA's apparent lack of effect are that health plans were already at parity before the law's passage, that many health plans continue to be out of compliance with the law, that concurrent changes in plans' cost-sharing blunted the law's effects, and that other barriers to behavioral health service use continue to limit utilization. While our study cannot provide direct evidence of these mechanisms, we review existing evidence in support of each of them. Our study had several limitations. We cannot test definitively whether the difference-in-differences assumption was violated or fully co...
Source: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics - December 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Ment Health Policy Econ Source Type: research

Synthesis of 1,2,5-oxathiazole-S-oxides by 1,3 dipolar cycloadditions of nitrile oxides to α-oxo sulfines
Org. Biomol. Chem., 2018, Accepted Manuscript DOI: 10.1039/C8OB02691B, PaperStuart Gerard Collins, Anita R Maguire, Patrick G McCaw, Simon E Lawrence, UDAYA BHASKARA RAO KHANDAVILLI Synthetic methodology for the generation of novel 1,2,5-oxathiazole-S-oxides from cycloaddition of nitrile oxide dipoles with α-oxo sulfines generated in situ via the α-sulfinyl carbenes derived from α-diazosulfoxides is described. Experimental... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry (Source: RSC - Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry)
Source: RSC - Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry - December 12, 2018 Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Stuart Gerard Collins Source Type: research

Women's perspectives about cannabis use during pregnancy and the postpartum period: An integrative review
Publication date: Available online 12 December 2018Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Hamideh Bayrampour, Mike Zahradnik, Sarka Lisonkova, Patti JanssenAbstractCannabis is the most commonly used illicit drug among general and pregnant populations. Despite recommendations to abstain from cannabis use, its use is increasing during the perinatal period. In this integrative review, we aim to understand women's perspectives about the health aspects of perinatal cannabis use. The following databases were searched: MEDLINE, PsycInfo, EMBASE, and CINAHL. We included quantitative and qualitative studies with a primary focus on p...
Source: Preventive Medicine - December 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Évaluation d’un programme d’éducation thérapeutique du patient sur l’activité physique, à distance d’une rééducation réadaptation cardiovasculaire
ConclusionUn programme d’éducation concernant l’AP au cours de la rééducation cardiovasculaire permet aux patients d’acquérir des connaissances qui peuvent être utilisées afin de maintenir de nouvelles habitudes de vie notamment en restant actif physiquement. Des études complémentaires sont nécessaires pour prouver que la continuité de la pratique physique contribue au maintien des aptitudes physiques développées au cours de la rééducation.SummaryEducational programs for patients are a major part in the manage...
Source: Science and Sports - December 12, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Self-Reported Suicidal Ideation as a Predictor of Suicidal Behavior Among Outpatients With Diagnoses of Psychotic Disorders.
CONCLUSIONS:: Among outpatients with psychotic disorders, response to item 9 of the PHQ-9 accurately identified those at increased short-term risk of a suicide attempt. PMID: 30526341 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Psychiatric Services)
Source: Psychiatric Services - December 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Serv Source Type: research

Mastectomy May Be an Inferior Oncologic Approach Compared to Breast Preservation
Multiple randomized studies have demonstrated that breast-conserving therapy (partial mastectomy plus whole breast radiation) can yield survival outcomes equivalent to those of mastectomy (1). However, newer population-based data suggest that breast cancer –specific survival and overall survival with breast-conserving therapy may actually be better than those with mastectomy (2-8). How is this possible? How can removal of the breast yield outcomes inferior to those of a therapy that leaves most of the breast intact and where in-breast failures are r eported to occur in approximately 5% to 10% of patients at 10 y...
Source: International Journal of Radiation Oncology * Biology * Physics - December 12, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Lawrence B. Marks, Gaorav P. Gupta, Hyman B. Muss, David W. Ollila Tags: Clinical Investigation Source Type: research

In Reply to Daugherty and Lawrence
Thanks to Daugherty and Lawrence for the thoughtful review and comments1. We agree with your perspective. Margin assessment remains an integral component in evaluating local recurrence risk in patients managed with breast-conserving therapy. We share your concerns that caution is needed, particularly in dealing with patients in whom adjuvant radiation therapy is omitted, including the elderly populations. Clinical trials evaluating outcomes in patients treated without breast radiation therapy require strict adherence to margin clearance. (Source: International Journal of Radiation Oncology * Biology * Physics)
Source: International Journal of Radiation Oncology * Biology * Physics - December 12, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Susan Tyler, Pauline T. Truong Tags: Comment Source Type: research

In Regard to Tyler et al
To the Editor: The article by Tyler et  al on tumor-free margin is an excellent and extensive study on its impact on local recurrence and on breast cancer–specific survival1 Both in the conclusion and in the discussion, authors report a lack of significant difference among negative, close, or positive margins regarding the aforementio ned outcomes. It is important to note that entire the patient population (>10,000 patients) had postoperative whole breast radiation. (Source: International Journal of Radiation Oncology * Biology * Physics)
Source: International Journal of Radiation Oncology * Biology * Physics - December 12, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Emily C. Daugherty, Gilbert Lawrence Tags: Comment Source Type: research

The Praxis of Decoloniality in Researcher Training and Community-Based Data Collection.
Authors: Singh S, Granski M, Victoria MDP, Javdani S Abstract In this paper, we detail our praxis of decoloniality in the context of a community-based study that employs a quantitative experimental methodology to evaluate an intervention for girls involved in the juvenile legal system. We resist the essentializing of methodology that positions quantitative paradigms as impermeable to reflexivity and decoloniality, and describe a model for training and supervising researchers engaged in an experimental randomized controlled trial of an advocacy program for girls, most of whom are girls of color and about half of who...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - December 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

[ASAP] Kinetics of Intramolecular Phenyl Migration and Fused Ring Formation in Hexylbenzene Radicals
The Journal of Physical Chemistry ADOI: 10.1021/acs.jpca.8b09749 (Source: Journal of Physical Chemistry A)
Source: Journal of Physical Chemistry A - December 12, 2018 Category: Chemistry Authors: Sarah Khanniche, Lawrence Lai, William H. Green Source Type: research

Comparison between Japanese online and standard administrations of the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale 2 and effects of post ‐warning
ConclusionsThe results obtained demonstrate the validity of the Japanese online version of the GSS2. It was also found that certain instructions could be used to prevent further response suggestibility when any misleading questions were provided. (Source: Legal and Criminological Psychology)
Source: Legal and Criminological Psychology - December 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Taeko Wachi, Kazumi Watanabe, Kaeko Yokota, Yusuke Otsuka, Kazuki Hirama Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Prediction of Lymph Node Maximum Standardized Uptake Value in Patients With Cancer Using a 3D Convolutional Neural Network: A Proof-of-Concept Study
American Journal of Roentgenology, Ahead of Print. (Source: American Journal of Roentgenology)
Source: American Journal of Roentgenology - December 12, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Hiram Shaish Simukayi Mutasa Jasnit Makkar Peter Chang Lawrence Schwartz Firas Ahmed Source Type: research

Assessment of country policies affecting reproductive health for adolescents in the Philippines
Adolescents in the Philippines face many legal, social and political barriers to access sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services, putting them at higher risk of unplanned pregnancy, abortion, sexually tra... (Source: Reproductive Health)
Source: Reproductive Health - December 12, 2018 Category: OBGYN Authors: Junice L. D. Melgar, Alfredo R. Melgar, Mario Philip R. Festin, Andrea J. Hoopes and Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli Tags: Review Source Type: research

High density genetic maps of St. Augustinegrass and applications to comparative genomic analysis and QTL mapping for turf quality traits
St. Augustinegrass [Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walt.) Kuntze] is a warm-season, perennial turfgrass species well adapted for home lawns and commercial landscapes with economic and ecological value. However, a lack ... (Source: BMC Plant Biology)
Source: BMC Plant Biology - December 12, 2018 Category: Biology Authors: Xingwang Yu, Jennifer A. Kimball and Susana R. Milla-Lewis Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Cross-border and domestic surrogacy in the UK context: an exploration of practical and legal decision-making
. (Source: Human Fertility)
Source: Human Fertility - December 12, 2018 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Vasanti Jadva Helen Prosser Natalie Gamble Source Type: research

Cannabinoids: Potential Role in Inflammatory and Neoplastic Skin Diseases
AbstractThe endocannabinoid system is a complex and nearly ubiquitous network of endogenous ligands, enzymes, and receptors that can also be stimulated by exogenous compounds such as those derived from the marijuana plant,Cannabis sativa. Recent data have shown that the endocannabinoid system is fully functional in the skin and is responsible for maintaining many aspects of skin homeostasis, such as proliferation, differentiation, and release of inflammatory mediators. Because of its role in regulating these key processes, the endocannabinoid system has been studied for its modulating effects on both inflammatory disorders...
Source: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology - December 12, 2018 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 2832: Response of Ruderal Species Diversity to an Urban Environment: Implications for Conservation and Management
Xiaoke Wang Anthropogenic activities have weakened the invasion of ruderals and increased the number of non-native species in urban areas. Ruderals are an important component of urban plant diversity and are of great significance to the sustainable development of urban green space. We used the tessellation–randomized plot method to examine the composition and biodiversity of ruderal species among urban land use types (LUTs) in the built-up areas of Beijing. Soil samples from the surface to a depth of 10 cm were taken from each site to examine the impact of soil characteristics on ruderal species diversi...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 12, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Peipei Guo Fang Yu Yuan Ren Dong Liu Jia Li Zhiyun Ouyang Xiaoke Wang Tags: Article Source Type: research

Comparison between Japanese online and standard administrations of the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale 2 and effects of post ‐warning
ConclusionsThe results obtained demonstrate the validity of the Japanese online version of the GSS2. It was also found that certain instructions could be used to prevent further response suggestibility when any misleading questions were provided. (Source: Legal and Criminological Psychology)
Source: Legal and Criminological Psychology - December 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Taeko Wachi, Kazumi Watanabe, Kaeko Yokota, Yusuke Otsuka, Kazuki Hirama Tags: Original Article Source Type: research