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Pediatric Renal Transplantation in Oman: A Single-center Experience.
Conclusions: Although our pediatric kidney transplant program is a young program it has had successful patient outcomes comparable to international programs. Our study provides evidence that in addition to legal and ethical issues with commercial transplant, it also carries significantly higher morbidity and reduced graft and patient survival. PMID: 29467993 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - February 25, 2018 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Management of Measurable Variable Cardiovascular Disease' Risk Factors.
CONCLUSION: The best cardiovascular disease' prevention should include a multidisciplinary team of experts and the entire community with the support of governmental and non-governmental organizations that will contribute to improving the lifestyle of individuals and the entire community through their activities and legal provisions. The most important factors in cardiovascular disease management are: recognizing individual risk factors, monitoring them, and assisting in changes in life-style habits that directly affect the defined risk factors of a patient. The simplest and most practicable guidelines for CV prevention in ...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - February 24, 2018 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Paid sick leave status in relation to government sponsored welfare utilization.
Authors: Stoddard-Dare P, DeRigne L, Quinn L, Mallett C Abstract Nearly a third of all U.S. workers, primarily lower-paid employees, do not have paid sick leave benefits, prompting some lawmakers to consider mandating paid sick leave for all U.S. employees so workers can access timely health care without lost wages. A representative sample of 19,537 workers in current paid employment was examined, searching for the association between access to paid sick leave benefits and receipt of six different welfare and welfare-related services. After controlling for relevant demographic, work, income, and medical/health care...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - February 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

J. Marion Sims and the Vesicovaginal Fistula: Historical Understanding, Medical Ethics, and Modern Political Sensibilities
Conclusions Review of the available material demonstrates that Sims' first fistula operations were legal, that they were carried out with express therapeutic intent for the purpose of repairing these women's injuries, that they conformed to the ethical requirements of his time, and that they were performed with the patients' knowledge, cooperation, assent, and assistance. (Source: Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery - February 24, 2018 Category: OBGYN Tags: AUGS Conference Submissions Source Type: research

Typology of Nightclubs in S ão Paulo, Brazil: Alcohol and Illegal Drug Consumption, Sexual Behavior and Violence in the Venues.
CONCLUSIONS: The study shows that nightclubs are settings in which high-risk behaviors are potentiated by facilitating environmental factors as well as by the lack of laws restricting excessive alcohol use stimulated by the promotion strategies applied at these venues. PMID: 29465282 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - February 24, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Surface-Matrix Screening Identifies Semi-specific Interactions that Improve Potency of a Near Pan-reactive HIV-1-Neutralizing Antibody
Publication date: 13 February 2018 Source:Cell Reports, Volume 22, Issue 7 Author(s): Young D. Kwon, Gwo-Yu Chuang, Baoshan Zhang, Robert T. Bailer, Nicole A. Doria-Rose, Tatyana S. Gindin, Bob Lin, Mark K. Louder, Krisha McKee, Sijy O’Dell, Amarendra Pegu, Stephen D. Schmidt, Mangaiarkarasi Asokan, Xuejun Chen, Misook Choe, Ivelin S. Georgiev, Vivian Jin, Marie Pancera, Reda Rawi, Keyun Wang, Rajoshi Chaudhuri, Lisa A. Kueltzo, Slobodanka D. Manceva, John-Paul Todd, Diana G. Scorpio, Mikyung Kim, Ellis L. Reinherz, Kshitij Wagh, Bette M. Korber, Mark Connors, Lawrence Shapiro, John R. Mascola, Peter D. Kwong Highly...
Source: Cell Reports - February 24, 2018 Category: Cytology Source Type: research

“Knowledge is not knowledge unless it is knowledge”
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - February 24, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Jennifer S. Lawton Source Type: research

Concordance of mitochondrial DNA sequencing method on bloodstains using Ion PGMTM
Multiple parallel sequencing (MPS) technology has led to revolutionary changes in many fields in recent years. Using this new method, gigabytes of sequencing data can be acquired at relatively low costs. Thus, forensic geneticists can obtain more information from traditional forensic identification markers and analyze multiple markers simultaneously to reduce the amount of sample DNA used and increase the statistical weight of evidence [1]. (Source: Legal Medicine)
Source: Legal Medicine - February 24, 2018 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Lan Yao, Zhen Xu, Hemiao Zhao, Zheng Tu, Zhifang Liu, Wanshui Li, Lan Hu, Lihua Wan Source Type: research

Borrelia burgdorferi genes, bb0639 ‐0642, encode a putative putrescine/spermidine transport system PotABCD that is spermidine specific and essential for cell survival
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. Borrelia burgdorferi, Lyme disease agent, harbors no enzymes to synthesize or degrade polyamines yet does contain the genes encoding a putative polyamine uptake system (potABCD). Here, we demonstrated that the PotABCD is a spermidine‐specific transporter system that is essential for survival. The genes are upregulated during tick feeding concomitantly with the decrease of osmoliarity which has been shown to trigger virulence factor expression. The potABCD genes are regulated in a RpoN‐dependent, RpoS‐independent, BosR‐independent fashion. (Source: Molecular Microbiology)
Source: Molecular Microbiology - February 24, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: S ébastien Bontemps‐Gallo, Kevin A. Lawrence, Crystal L. Richards, Frank C. Gherardini Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Hemispheric brain asymmetry differences in youths with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
Conclusions Brain asymmetry measures allow each individual to serve as their own control, diminishing variability between individuals and when pooling data across sites. Asymmetry group differences were more significant than lateralized comparisons between ADHD and TD subjects across morphometric, volumetric, and DTI comparisons. (Source: NeuroImage: Clinical)
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - February 24, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

The role of weather conditions and normal level of air pollution in appearance of stroke in the region of Southeast Europe
AbstractWe investigated correlation between the normal level of air pollution, weather conditions and stroke occurrence in the region of Southeast Europe with a humid continental climate. This retrospective study included 1963 patients, 1712 (87.2%) with ischemic (IS) and 251 (12.8%) with hemorrhagic stroke (HS) admitted to emergency department. The number of patients, values of weather condition (meteorological parameters) [air temperature ( °C), atmospheric pressure (kPa), relative humidity (%)] and concentrations of air pollutants [particulate matter (PM10), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ozone (O3)], were recorded and eva...
Source: Acta Neurologica Belgica - February 24, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

How do social security schemes and labor market policies support the return-to-work of cancer survivors? A review article
Conclusion More research efforts should be made to systematically assess the impact of labor market and employment measures and initiatives on the (re)integration of workers with chronic diseases, with specific attention for workers with cancer. Legal frameworks need to be rethought for a better balance between productivity and equity, inclusion and social justice. (Source: Journal of Cancer Policy)
Source: Journal of Cancer Policy - February 24, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

From bikers to savvy criminals. Outlaw motorcycle gangs in Australia: implications for legislators and law enforcement
This article will examine outlaw motorcycle gang criminality in Australia and the difficulties faced by legislators and law enforcement agencies in responding to this concern. Adding further complication to the issue for the state is addressing the trepidation and disdain toward outlaw motorcycle gang behaviour that is commonplace in contemporary society. Beyond traditional criminal gang enterprise such as episodic inter-gang or more widespread violence and drug manufacture or distribution, a shift in sophistication by outlaw motorcycle gangs toward more diversified criminal enterprise has emerged. These ventures include m...
Source: Crime, Law and Social Change - February 24, 2018 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Strain induced magnetism and superexchange interaction in Cr substituted nanocrystalline cobalt ferrite
Publication date: 1 June 2018 Source:Materials Chemistry and Physics, Volume 211 Author(s): Lawrence Kumar, Pawan Kumar, Victor Kuncser, Simona Greculeasa, Balaram Sahoo, Manoranjan Kar Distribution of magnetic relaxation time using Mössbauer spectroscopy has been observed for CoFe2-xCrxO4 (0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.4) annealed at lower temperature (≤400 °C). The estimated cation distribution over A and B sites observed by Mössbauer spectroscopy is consistent with that obtained by the Rietveld analysis of the X-ray diffraction patterns. Saturation magnetization and magnetocrystalline anisotropy constant...
Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics - February 24, 2018 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

The utility of plastinates in court: a case of firearm homicide
AbstractPlastination is a technique renowned for its use in the preservation of human tissues or organs, and is mainly employed in anatomical training and in research regarding various scientific fields. The advantages of this method are related to the natural appearance, absence of odor, and easy-handling of the plastinated products. The use of plastinates in forensic sciences, their potential role in personal identification, and their usefulness in interpretation of post-mortem findings has been described, although literature on this topic is poor. The present paper is the first report of a firearm homicide where the bra...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - February 24, 2018 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Ischemic colitis following left antegrade sclerotherapy for idiopathic varicocele
Conclusions An anatomical variation consisting of a communication between the testicular and left colic veins has been described from the clinical point of view, corresponding to a significant anatomical finding identified in the past that has been under‐reported and its clinical importance subsequently underestimated. For the first time we have demonstrated its pathophysiological significance in a real clinical scenario, linking the anatomical variation to the clinical complication. This demonstrates the importance of raising scientific awareness to prevent possibly devastating complications in daily clinical practice. ...
Source: Clinical Anatomy - February 23, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Rafael Boscolo ‐Berto, Veronica Macchi, Andrea Porzionato, Aldo Morra, Roberto Vezzaro, Marios Loukas, R. Shane Tubbs, Raffaele De Caro Tags: Review Source Type: research

The Ethical and Legal Implications of a Nurse's Arrest in Utah.
Abstract Editor's note: On July 26, 2017, Alex Wubbels, the charge nurse on the burn unit at the University of Utah Hospital in Salt Lake City, was arrested for refusing to allow a police officer to draw blood from an unconscious patient in her care. Her arrest, during which she was forcefully placed in handcuffs and dragged out of the hospital, was documented on body camera video and drew national attention. We asked our ethical and legal contributing editors to provide some insight on the issues of this case. PMID: 29470217 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The American Journal of Nursing)
Source: The American Journal of Nursing - February 23, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Olsen DP, Brous E Tags: Am J Nurs Source Type: research

Decreasing Compensatory Ability of Concentric Ventricular Hypertrophy in Aortic-Banded Rat Hearts
Alexandre Lewalle, Sander Land, Eric Carruth, Lawrence R. Frank, Pablo Lamata, Jeffrey H. Omens, Andrew D. McCulloch, Steven A. Niederer, Nicolas P. Smith (Source: Frontiers in Physiology)
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - February 23, 2018 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Interaction of Testosterone-Based Compounds with Dodecyl Sulphate Monolayers at the Air-Water Interface
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, Accepted Manuscript DOI: 10.1039/C7CP07611H, PaperDaniel Thomas Allen, Nikou Damestani, Yussif Saaka, M. Jayne Lawrence, Christian D. Lorenz A series of atomistic molecular dynamics simulations investigating the interactions between three different testosterone-based compounds (testosterone (T), testosterone propionate (TP) and testosterone enanthate (TE)) and sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) and... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry (Source: RSC - Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. latest articles)
Source: RSC - Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. latest articles - February 23, 2018 Category: Chemistry Authors: Daniel Thomas Allen Source Type: research

FDA Warns Against Unregulated Products
Some drugs that aren't approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) may still be legally sold in the United States. These include drugs compounded by licensed physicians, pharmacists, and pharmacies. However, drugs manufactured in other countries that do not come from reputable sources cannot be legally sold here, although these drugs can sometimes be purchased online.The FDA reports on adverse events from two unregulated products: a compounded subcutaneous drug (glutamine, arginine, and carnitine) and an overseas product, Balguti Kesaria Ayurvedic Medicine, which is adulterated and potentially lethal.The agency's Be...
Source: AJN - February 23, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Drug Watch Source Type: research

The Ethical and Legal Implications of a Nurse's Arrest in Utah
Editor's note: On July 26, 2017, Alex Wubbels, the charge nurse on the burn unit at the University of Utah Hospital in Salt Lake City, was arrested for refusing to allow a police officer to draw blood from an unconscious patient in her care. Her arrest, during which she was forcefully placed in handcuffs and dragged out of the hospital, was documented on body camera video and drew national attention. We asked our ethical and legal contributing editors to provide some insight on the issues of this case. (Source: AJN)
Source: AJN - February 23, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Ethical Issues Source Type: research

Field evaluation of Duddingtonia flagrans IAH 1297 for the reduction of worm burden in grazing animals: Tracer studies in sheep
Publication date: 15 April 2018 Source:Veterinary Parasitology, Volume 253 Author(s): Kevin Healey, Chris Lawlor, Malcolm R. Knox, Michael Chambers, Jane Lamb The aim of these studies was to determine the reduction in pasture infectivity likely to be achieved by the supplementation of grazing sheep with BioWorma®, a product containing the chlamydospores of the nematophagous fungus Duddingtonia flagrans strain IAH 1297. Four placebo-controlled trials were conducted between 2009 and 2013 in sheep in different climatic regions of New South Wales and Queensland, Australia and across several seasons. The effectiveness of B...
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - February 23, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Response to Verd re: “Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine's 2017 Position Statement on Informal Breast Milk Sharing for the Term Healthy Infant”
Breastfeeding Medicine , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: Breastfeeding Medicine)
Source: Breastfeeding Medicine - February 23, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Lawrence Noble Amy E. Evans Natasha K. Sriraman Robert Lawrence Source Type: research

What Is the Risk Posed to the Lateral Femoral Cutaneous Nerve During the Use of the Anterior Portal of Supine Hip Arthroscopy and the Minimally Invasive Anterior Approach for Total Hip  Arthroplasty?
To determine: (1) What is the proximity of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) to the anterior portal (AP) used in supine hip arthroscopy? (2) What is the proximity of the LCFN to the incision in the minimally invasive anterior approach (MIAA) for total hip arthroplasty? (3) What effect does lateralizing the AP have on the likelihood of nerve injury? (4) What branching patterns are observable in the LFCN? (Source: Arthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery)
Source: Arthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery - February 23, 2018 Category: Surgery Authors: Jonathan D. Bartlett, John E. Lawrence, Vikas Khanduja Source Type: research

Existence of global Lp solutions to a system of conservation laws in chromatography with geometry effects
Publication date: August 2018 Source:Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications, Volume 42 Author(s): Shujun Liu, Fangqi Chen, Zejun Wang In this paper, we give the global existence of L p bounded entropy solutions for the Cauchy problem of a system of conservation laws in chromatography with geometry effects. The main difficulty lies in establishing the L p estimate of the viscosity solutions because the initial data may not be L ∞ bounded and the principle of invariant regions developed by Conley–Chuey–Smoller is invalid here. We obtain the existence of the global weak solutions using the compensated ...
Source: Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications - February 23, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research

Chemical composition of glandular secretions from a pair ‐living monogamous primate: Sex, age, and gland differences in captive and wild owl monkeys (Aotus spp.)
In this study, the first chemical analysis of a wild platyrrhine population, our goals were to (1) conduct a robust analysis of glandular secretions from both captive and wild owl monkey populations and (2) identify whether biologically relevant traits are present in glandular secretions. We also compared and contrasted the results between two Aotus species in different environmental contexts: wild Aotus azarae (N = 33) and captive A. nancymaae (N = 104). Our findings indicate that secretions from both populations encode sex, gland of origin, and possibly individual identity. These consistent pa...
Source: American Journal of Primatology - February 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Andrea Spence ‐Aizenberg, Bruce A. Kimball, Lawrence E. Williams, Eduardo Fernandez‐Duque Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Risk factors for failing to achieve improvement after anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty for glenohumeral osteoarthritis
This study was conducted to determine patient-related factors for failure to achieve improvement after primary TSA for osteoarthritis at 2 years postoperatively. (Source: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery)
Source: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery - February 23, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Gregory T. Mahony, Brian C. Werner, Brenda Chang, Brian M. Grawe, Samuel A. Taylor, Edward V. Craig, Russell F. Warren, David M. Dines, Lawrence V. Gulotta Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Delirium —A Framework to Improve Acute Care for Older Persons
This article is based on the M. Powell Lawton Award Lecture that I delivered at the 2016 Gerontological Society of America Annual Meeting. I provide an overview of my journey in geriatric medicine and delirium research. I created new measures, including the Confusion Assessment Method, for identification of delirium; conceptualized a multifactorial risk model; and developed and tested intervention strategies for delirium prevention. The Hospital Elder Life Program arose from this work. In addition, like Dr. Lawton, I am working to apply my work to the policy arena. As the population ages, we face an unprecedented opportuni...
Source: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society - February 23, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Sharon K. Inouye Tags: Special Article Source Type: research

Is there a role for pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic-guided dosing for novel oral anticoagulants?
Publication date: May 2018 Source:American Heart Journal, Volume 199 Author(s): Noel Chan, Philip T. Sager, Jack Lawrence, Thomas's Ortel, Paul Reilly, Scott Berkowitz, Dagmar Kubitza, John Eikelboom, Jeffry Florian, Norman Stockbridge, Martin Rose, Robert Temple, Jonathan H. Seltzer The novel direct oral anticoagulants (NOACs) represent a major advance in oral anticoagulant therapy and are replacing vitamin K antagonists as the preferred options for many indications. Given in fixed doses without routine laboratory monitoring, they have been shown to be at least as effective in reducing thromboembolic stroke as dose-adjus...
Source: American Heart Journal - February 23, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Is tissue still the issue? Lobectomy for suspicious lung nodules without confirmation of malignancy
ConclusionForegoing biopsies and proceeding to lobectomy in selected patients with suspicious lung nodules is safe, did not increase the incidence of resected benign pathology, and may decrease surgical wait time. Patients should be carefully evaluated and counseled. (Source: Journal of Surgical Oncology)
Source: Journal of Surgical Oncology - February 23, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Suha Kaaki, Biniam Kidane, Sadeesh Srinathan, Lawrence Tan, Gordon Buduhan Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Police documentation of drug use in injured drivers: Implications for monitoring and preventing drug-impaired driving
Conclusion Police seldom document drug involvement in drivers who were in a crash after using cannabis, other recreational drugs or potentially impairing medications. This finding raises serious concerns about the ability of the police to effectively enforce current drug-impaired driving laws and public health officials’ continued reliance on police crash reports to monitor the prevalence of drug-impaired driving. (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - February 23, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Designing an innovative warning system to support risk-based meat inspection in poultry slaughterhouses
This study presents the first warning system applied to meat inspection in poultry slaughterhouses. Our comprehensive work was carried out with the support of a multidisciplinary group of experts, making it possible to formalise an efficient warning system. The next step has been to test this warning system in field conditions, on a sample of French slaughterhouses. (Source: Food Control)
Source: Food Control - February 23, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Cannabis-infused food and Canadian consumers ’ willingness to consider “recreational” cannabis as a food ingredient
This study does not look at the health effects of cannabis per se, but rather consumers’ perception of cannabis as a food ingredient through the lens of food innovation, if it were to be legalized. It explores several dimensions, including cannabis-infused food products sold in grocery stores and dishes served at restaurants. It evaluates potential times when consumers would consume these products, in addition to their preferred food products. The survey also looks at perceived risks related to specific demographics such as children and pregnant women. The survey assesses both perceived risks and anticipated behaviou...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - February 23, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Risk stratification of heart failure from one drop of blood using hand-held biosensor for BNP detection
Publication date: 1 June 2018 Source:Biosensors and Bioelectronics, Volume 107 Author(s): Indu Sarangadharan, Shin-Li Wang, Tse-Yu Tai, Anil Kumar Pulikkathodi, Chen-Pin Hsu, Hui-Hua Kenny Chiang, Lawrence Yu-Min Liu, Yu-Lin Wang Continued risk assessment by evaluating cardiac biomarkers in healthy and unhealthy individuals can lower the mortality rate of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). In this research, we have developed a hand-held biosensor system to rapidly screen for brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) from a single drop of whole blood. The sensor methodology is based on extended gate design of electrical double layer (E...
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 23, 2018 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Interfacial and wetting properties between glass fiber and epoxy resins with different pot lifes
Publication date: 5 May 2018 Source:Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Volume 544 Author(s): Pyeong-Su Shin, Yeong-Min Baek, Jong-Hyun Kim, Ha-Seung Park, Dong-Jun Kwon, Jung-Hoon Lee, Min-Young Kim, K. Lawrence DeVries, Joung-Man Park Considerable research has been devoted to the study of interfacial adhesion, optimal wetting and interfacial properties of composites. In these studies, epoxy hardeners with different pot lifes were used for the manufacture of composites and their molding processes. Wettability and micromechanical testing revealed that these factors effected wetting, interfaci...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects - February 23, 2018 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Ethical Considerations for the Participation of Children of Minor Parents in Clinical Trials
AbstractChildren of minor parents are under-represented in clinical trials. This is largely because of the ethical, legal, and regulatory complexities in the enrolment, consent, and appropriate access of children of minor parents to clinical research. Using a case-based approach, we examine appropriate access of children of minor parents in an international vaccine trial. We first consider the scientific justification for inclusion of children of minor parents in a vaccine trial. Laws and regulations governing consent generally do not address the issue of minor parents. In their absence, local community and cultural contex...
Source: Pediatric Drugs - February 23, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

The Darker Side of Military Mental Healthcare Part One: Understanding the Military ’s Mental Health Dilemma
AbstractThe military ’s primary mission is to prevent, fight, and win wars. A critical key to its success is the military’s dual mission of force health protection that translates to preventing and treating the physical and psychological wounds of war in order topreserve the fighting force. To accomplish both missions, the military relies extensively on documenting its lessons learned to build upon its successes and prevent avoidable disasters caused by repeating its failures. The military ’s commitment to learning battlefield lessons are directly responsible for unparalleled technological and medical, li...
Source: Psychological Injury and Law - February 23, 2018 Category: Medical Law Source Type: research

Teaching in conflict contexts: dimensions of subjective wellbeing in Palestinian teachers living in Israel and the occupied Palestinian territory
Publication date: 21 February 2018 Source:The Lancet, Volume 391, Supplement 2 Author(s): Alessandro Pepe, Loredana Addimando, Jamal Dagdouke, Shaher Yagi, Guido Veronese Background Subjective wellbeing can be defined in terms of good mental state, including positive and negative evaluations that people make of their affect and lives. The aim of this study was to identify specific domains of wellbeing that are salient to Palestinian teachers living in three different contexts (West Bank, Gaza Strip, and Israel) and to map how components of subjective wellbeing vary between the three cohorts. Methods Data were gathered fro...
Source: The Lancet - February 23, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Debate over recreational cannabis use legalisation in Canada
Publication date: 24 February–2 March 2018 Source:The Lancet, Volume 391, Issue 10122 Author(s): Paul Webster (Source: The Lancet)
Source: The Lancet - February 23, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Fabrication and tribological behaviors of a novel environmental friendly water-based PAI-PTFE-LaF3 bonded solid lubricating composite coating
Publication date: May 2018 Source:Tribology International, Volume 121 Author(s): Bin Li, Xiaofang Jiang, Hongqi Wan, Lei Chen, Yinping Ye, Huidi Zhou, Jianmin Chen A series of novel environmental friendly bonded solid lubricating composite coatings were prepared via facile paint spray method and by virtue of adjusting the proportion of the composition of the coating (PTFE, water-based polyamide-imide (PAI) and LaF3). The experimental results suggested that the physical, chemical and tribological properties of the water-based PAI-PTFE bonded solid lubricating composite coating with 5 wt% LaF3 are comparable to that of or...
Source: Tribology International - February 23, 2018 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

Analysis of trends in the prevalence of cannabis use in Canada, 1985 to 2015.
DISCUSSION: According to data from national population surveys, since 2004, cannabis use was stable or decreased among youth, and rose among adults. Results highlight the importance of consistent monitoring of use in the pre-and post-legalization periods. PMID: 29465739 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Reports)
Source: Health Reports - February 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Rep Source Type: research

High Court judge over-rules GMC decision not to proceed against GP
(Source: BMJ News)
Source: BMJ News - February 22, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

The nature, magnitude, and reporting compliance of device-related events for intravenous patient-controlled analgesia in the FDA Manufacturer and User Facility Device Experience (MAUDE) database.
CONCLUSION: Patients on IV-PCA continue to experience serious complications as a result of preventable errors. Multi-modal interventions including educational training and the development and adoption of PCA devices with improved safety features are needed to improve safety. PMID: 29463158 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety)
Source: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety - February 22, 2018 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Drug Saf Source Type: research

Ethical Dilemmas in Protecting Susceptible Subpopulations From Environmental Health Risks: Liberty, Utility, Fairness, and Accountability for Reasonableness.
Abstract Various U.S. laws, such as the Clean Air Act and the Food Quality Protection Act, require additional protections for susceptible subpopulations who face greater environmental health risks. The main ethical rationale for providing these protections is to ensure that environmental health risks are distributed fairly. In this article, we (1) consider how several influential theories of justice deal with issues related to the distribution of environmental health risks; (2) show that these theories often fail to provide specific guidance concerning policy choices; and (3) argue that an approach to public decis...
Source: The American Journal of Bioethics : AJOB - February 22, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Resnik DB, MacDougall DR, Smith EM Tags: Am J Bioeth Source Type: research

Prevalence and clinical challenges among adult primary immunodeficiency patients with RAG deficiency
(Source: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology)
Source: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology - February 22, 2018 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Dylan Lawless, Christoph B. Geier, Jocelyn R. Farmer, Hana Allen Lango, Daniel Thwaites, Faranaz Atschekzei, Matthew Brown, David Buchbinder, Siobhan O. Burns, Manish J. Butte, Krisztian Csomos, Sri V.V. Deevi, William Egner, Stephan Ehl, Martha M. Eibl, Source Type: research

The application of loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assays for the rapid diagnosis of food-borne mycotoxigenic fungi
This article gives an overview over the application of this novel technology for the diagnosis of mycotoxin producers, in species- and group-specific assays and gives an outlook on future developments. (Source: Current Opinion in Food Science)
Source: Current Opinion in Food Science - February 22, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

A multicentre, randomised, non-inferiority clinical trial comparing a nifurtimox-eflornithine combination to standard eflornithine monotherapy for late stage Trypanosoma brucei gambiense human African trypanosomiasis in Uganda
While the combination of nifurtimox and eflornithine (NECT) is currently recommended for the treatment of the late stage human African trypansomiasis (HAT), single-agent eflornithine was still the treatment of... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - February 22, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Freddie Kansiime, Seraphine Adibaku, Charles Wamboga, Franklin Idi, Charles Drago Kato, Lawrence Yamuah, Michel Vaillant, Deborah Kioy, Piero Olliaro and Enock Matovu Tags: Research Source Type: research

Predictive value of early structural changes on radiographs and MRI for incident clinical and radiographic knee osteoarthritis in overweight and obese women
To determine the predictive value of tibiofemoral (TF), patellofemoral (PF) MRI osteoarthritis (OA) and Kellgren and Lawrence grade 1 (KLG1) for the incidence of knee OA (clinical and/or radiological signs) at 2.5 and 6.5 years follow-up in a high-risk cohort. (Source: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism)
Source: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism - February 22, 2018 Category: Rheumatology Authors: C.B.M. Bijen, J. Runhaar, J.B.M. Rijkels-Otters, E.H. Oei, S.M.A. Bierma-Zeinstra Source Type: research

Association of Quantitative and Topographic Assessment of Heberden's Nodes with Knee Osteoarthritis: Data from Osteoarthritis Initiative
ConclusionHN number, their locations, and symmetry were associated with knee OA incidence and progression over 8‐years.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Arthritis and Rheumatism)
Source: Arthritis and Rheumatism - February 22, 2018 Category: Rheumatology Authors: Neil Kumar, Nima Hafezi ‐Nejad, Ali Guermazi, Arya Haj‐Mirzaian, Ida K. Haugen, Frank W.  Roemer, Shadpour Demehri Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

Asthma among adult patients presenting with dyspnea to the emergency department: an observational study
Conclusion: Asthma is common among patients presenting with a principal symptom of dyspnea in the ED of the Asia Pacific region. There was suboptimal adherence to international guidelines on investigations and treatments of acute asthma exacerbations presenting an opportunity to improve efficiency of care. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal)
Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal - February 22, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Win Sen Kuan, Simon Craig, Anne ‐Maree Kelly, Gerben Keijzers, Sharon Klim, Colin A Graham, Peter Jones, Anna Holdgate, Charles Lawoko, Said Laribi Tags: Original Article Source Type: research