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Risk factors for spousal physical violence against women in Saudi Arabia - Eldoseri HM, Sharps P.
This study aimed to explore selected risk factors for spousal physical violence (SPV) in women frequenting primary health care clinics (PHCs) in Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional study design was conducted in six PHCs, where one-on-one, private interviews wi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Ireland to hold abortion referendum at the end of May
DUBLIN (Reuters) - Ireland's government on Monday proposed holding a referendum to liberalize the country's abortion regime at the end of May, offering voters the first opportunity in 35 years to overhaul some of the world's strictest laws. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - January 29, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Exclusive: With Roman law doctrine, India moves to stub out tobacco industry rights
NEW DELHI (Reuters) - The Indian government is pushing the Supreme Court to apply a rarely used doctrine that would strip the $11 billion tobacco industry's legal right to trade, an effort aimed at deterring tobacco companies from challenging tough new regulations. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - January 29, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

New York, Minnesota Sue Trump Admin to Block Healthcare Funding Cuts New York, Minnesota Sue Trump Admin to Block Healthcare Funding Cuts
New York and Minnesota have filed a lawsuit seeking to block the Trump administration from cutting off federal funding for state programs that provide healthcare to hundreds of thousands of low-income people.Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - January 29, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Medscape Today News Source Type: news

California's New Cannabis Laws Squeeze Out Compassionate Care Programs
California's new adult-use pot laws and taxes are making the going much more difficult for programs that donate medical marijuana to poor patients. But a new wave of medical marijuana activism has commenced as a result. (Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News)
Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News - January 29, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Mary Carreon, Contributor Source Type: news

Judge dismisses Opternative's suit against South Carolina eye care law
In 2016, Opternative, a Chicago-based telehealth startup offering online refractive eye exams, opened a lawsuit against South Carolina ’s Board of Medical Examiners and Department of Labor, Licensing, and Regulation alleging that a newly passed law restricting online eye exams was protectionist, unconstitutional legislation. (Source: mobihealthnews)
Source: mobihealthnews - January 29, 2018 Category: Information Technology Source Type: news

Outcome Health CEO steps down as part of settlement with investors
Health IT unicorn Outcome Health settled a three-month legal battle with investors, and as part of that deal, cofounders CEO Rishi Shah and President Shrada Agarwal will step down. Shah and Agarwal will no longer be part of daily management and will instead act as chairman and vice chairman. (Source: mobihealthnews)
Source: mobihealthnews - January 29, 2018 Category: Information Technology Source Type: news

Court to reconsider ruling on San Francisco soda health warnings
SAN FRANCISCO (Reuters) - A U.S. appeals court on Monday agreed to reconsider an earlier ruling which had blocked a San Francisco law that mandated health warnings for soda and other sugary drinks. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - January 29, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

SEC probes ‘highly suspicious’ trading before Sanofi-Bioverativ deal
The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission claims in a new lawsuit that an unknown group of traders earned $4.9 million by making “highly suspicious” trades in the stock of Bioverativ before the Waltham-based drugmaker was acquired by Sanofi last week for $11.6 billion. The agency filed the suit on Friday against “one or more unknown traders” while it seeks to identify the perpetrators. According to the complaint in N ew York federal court, they purchased short-term options on Bioverativ… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines - January 29, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Max Stendahl Source Type: news

U.S. court to reconsider ruling on San Francisco soda health warnings
SAN FRANCISCO (Reuters) - A U.S. appeals court on Monday agreed to reconsider an earlier ruling which had blocked a San Francisco law that mandated health warnings for soda and other sugary drinks. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - January 29, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Hadiza Bawa-Garba: Medics rally behind struck off doctor
Thousands sign a letter criticising the case and more than £200,000 is raised for legal costs. (Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition)
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - January 29, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Meeting the health and well being needs of young carers
Councils are under a legal duty to identify young carers and carry out assessments that consider the impact on the child and whole family. Identifying and keeping young carers engaged and involved so that the impact of their caring responsibilities can be minimised is a challenge requiring concerted effort on many different levels. These case studies demonstrate good practice. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - January 29, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Doctors can end baby's life support without parents' consent, court rules
A UK judge has ruled that doctors can withdraw life support for a severely disabled 11-month-old boy without the consent of his parents. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - January 29, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

More than 5,000 GPs sign Bawa-Garba protest letter
Thousands of GPs have signed a letter warning that the case of a junior doctor struck off after a controversial High Court case could 'frighten doctors of all grades away from honest self-appraisal'. (Source: GP Online News)
Source: GP Online News - January 29, 2018 Category: Primary Care Tags: Practice News Source Type: news

GPs boycott reflective entries for appraisal after Bawa-Garba case
A GP pressure group has urged the BMA to support doctors who 'refuse to engage in reflective log entries in their appraisals' following an 'unforgivable' High Court ruling last week. (Source: GP Online News)
Source: GP Online News - January 29, 2018 Category: Primary Care Tags: Practice News Source Type: news

Report: Advocacy groups urge Congress to fund diabetes research program
Advocacy groups have reportedly warned Congress that if lawmakers don’t find permanent funding solutions for diabetes research programs, it could jeopardize important work being done around the country to help people living with diabetes. Politicians on Capitol Hill have provided funding that will support the Special Diabetes Program and the Special Diabetes Program for Indians through March 31. But short-term patches will not be enough to keep the programs afloat, according to members of the American Diabetes Association and the JDRF. Get the full story at our sister site, Drug Delivery Business News. The ...
Source: Mass Device - January 29, 2018 Category: Medical Devices Authors: Sarah Faulkner Tags: Diabetes Drug-Device Combinations Healthcare Reform Pharmaceuticals Wall Street Beat American Diabetes Assn. Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation (JDRF) National Institutes of Health (NIH) Source Type: news

Heard the one about the standup showing academics how to be interesting?
Comedian Iszi Lawrence on helping academics use humour to make their research more accessible“So, what do you do?” It’s the dreaded question we all get asked at parties. As a member of the self employed the question might as well be “can you justify your existence”?I know what NOT to say. I don ’t say I’m a podcaster, because then follows a tedious explanation of what a podcast actually is. I never reveal I’m a comedian: people assume I’m washed up as they’ve not heard of me, or – worse – they ask for a free demo ... never advisable at a wake. So I do ...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - January 29, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Iszi Lawrence Tags: Comedy Science Research Education Source Type: news

Suicidal ideation among women court-referred to batterer intervention programs - Wolford-Clevenger C, Elmquist JA, Zapor H, Febres J, Labrecque LT, Plasencia M, Stuart GL.
This study used cross-sectional, self-report survey methodology to i... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Great sexpectations: the impact of participant gender, defendant desirability, and date cost on attributions of a date rape victim and defendant - Lynch KR, Jewell JA, Wasarhaley NE, Golding JM, Renzetti CM.
We investigated the effect of the desirability of the defendant and the cost of a date on how participants assigned blame in a date rape context. Community participants ( N = 211) read one of four date rape trial summaries that differed based on the two ma... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

GPS-EM sanctions for serious sex offenders: the application and outcomes in the United States and Australia - Martinovic M.
In the United States and, subsequently, in Australia the utilization of Global Positioning Systems--Electronic Monitoring (GPS-EM) proliferated in the mid-2000s as part of the populist "tough on crime" agenda. These surveillance-oriented sanctions are appl... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Gendered perceptions of intimate partner violence normality: an experimental study - Kuijpers KF, Blokland AAJ, Mercer NC.
Knowledge on young adults' perceptions of intimate partner violence (IPV) is important as these are the ages at which most people form their first serious intimate relationships and begin to develop norms about how to communicate within a relationship. Thi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Gender, migration, and exclusionary citizenship regimes: conceptualizing transnational abandonment of wives as a form of violence against women - Anitha S, Roy A, Yalamarty H.
Based on life history narratives of 57 women in India and interviews with 21 practitioners, we document the neglect, abuse, and instrumental deprivation of women's rights through the process of transnational abandonment. While gendered local sociocultural ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Gender norms and beliefs, and men's violence against women in rural Bangladesh - Fattah KN, Camellia S.
Prevention of violence against women requires understanding men's controlling attitudes and behaviors toward women. In Bangladesh, while the incidence of men's violence against women is alarmingly increasing, existing research to understand the determinant... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Forecasting organized crime homicides: Risk Terrain Modeling of Camorra Violence in Naples, Italy - Dugato M, Calderoni F, Berlusconi G.
Mafia homicides are usually committed for retaliation, economic profit, or rivalry among groups. The variety of possible reasons suggests the inefficacy of a preventive approach. However, like most violent crimes, mafia homicides concentrate in space due t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Familicide in Italy: an exploratory study of cases involving male perpetrators (1992-2015) - Tosini D.
This article adds to the literature on familicide by providing specific insights from the Italian experience. It presents results of an exploratory investigation into male-perpetrated familicides in Italy between 1992 and 2015. Familicide is defined as the... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Evaluation of a victim-centered, trauma-informed victim notification protocol for untested sexual assault kits (SAKs) - Campbell R, Shaw J, Fehler-Cabral G.
Throughout the United States, hundreds of thousands of sexual assault kits (SAKs) have not been submitted by the police for forensic DNA testing, which raises complex issues regarding how victims ought to be notified about what happened to their kits. In t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Disclosing sex trading histories to providers: barriers and facilitators to navigation of social services among women impacted by commercial sexual exploitation - Gerassi L, Edmond TE, Fabbre V, Howard A, Nichols AJ.
Sex trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation (CSE) can lead to devastating health and mental health consequences for women, such as elevated rates of substance use, trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, sexually transmitted infections (S... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Diagnosing crime and diagnosing disease-II: visual pattern perception and diagnostic accuracy - Satya-Murti S, Lockhart JJ.
Previously, we reviewed how general cognitive processes might be susceptible to bias across both forensic and clinical fields, and how interdisciplinary comparisons could reduce error. We discuss several examples of clinical tasks which are heavily depende... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Complying with human rights - Hug S, Wegmann S.
The empirical assessment of how signatories of human rights conventions comply with their obligations has, so far, yielded conflicting results, especially regarding the compliance mechanisms that are the most promising to ensure improving human rights reco... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Built-in safeguards and the implementation of civil war peace accords - Joshi M, Lee SY, Ginty RM.
This article contributes to analyses of peace agreement implementation by focusing on the role of built-in safeguards as procedural mechanisms within peace agreements. Recent empirical studies suggest that negotiated peace agreements are a frequent mode of... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

An evaluation of the impacts of changing firearms legislation on Australian female firearm homicide victimization rates - McPhedran S.
Reducing lethal violence against women requires comprehensive measures addressing individual, social, economic, cultural, and situational factors. Regarding situational factors, access to weapons-and firearm access in particular-has received notable resear... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Alliance proximity and effectiveness of extended deterrence - Bak D.
This article examines whether geographical proximity between defensive allies and a prot égé increases the likelihood of successful extended general deterrence. I argue that proximate allies are better at making a credible deterrent threat because proxima... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

A sociotechnical systems approach to enhance safety climate in the trucking industry: results of an in-depth investigation - Murphy LA, Huang Y, Robertson MM, Jeffries S, Dainoff MJ.
The purpose of this study was to develop a methodology that extends safety climate beyond an overall score by using the framework of macroergonomics to examine the entire system in a more comprehensive manner. The study is discussed in two papers: one pape... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

A sociotechnical systems approach to enhance safety climate in the trucking industry: development of a methodology - Murphy LA, Robertson MM, Huang Y, Jeffries S, Dainoff MJ.
The systems approach is increasingly used as a framework within which to examine safety climate. Utilizing a macroergonomics approach to design work systems can help identify aspects of human-technology-organization interfaces that impact workers' percepti... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

A fuzzy logic-genetic algorithm approach to modelling public transport users' risk-taking behaviour - Chowdhury S, O ’Sullivan M.
This study exten... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

(Nuclear) change of plans: what explains nuclear reversals? - Mattiacci E, Jones BT.
What explains a state's decision to give up its nuclear weapons program? While instances of nuclear reversal figure prominently in international politics, evidence in the literature has been largely piecemeal. We offer a novel conceptualization of the prol... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

"You cannot really hide": experiences of probation officers and young offenders with GPS tracking in Winnipeg, Canada - Willoughby A, Nellis M.
Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada experienced high levels of auto theft and joy riding and related public safety offenses, committed in the main by Indigenous Canadian youth (Linden, 2010; Owen, 2008a). The initial police-probation response, the Winnipeg Auto The... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

For whom does hate crime hurt more? A comparison of consequences of victimization across motives and crime types - Mellgren C, Andersson M, Ivert AK.
Hate crimes have been found to have more severe consequences than other parallel crimes that were not motivated by the offenders' hostility toward someone because of their real or perceived difference. Many countries today have hate crime laws that make it... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Impact of the decision-making environment on policy responses to road worker fatality in Manitoba and Saskatchewan - Pankratz CJ.
This study compares the policy responses to similar events in Manitoba and Saskatchewan. The key question explores ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Sinners and saints: the role of social standing evidence in capital sentencing - Tallon JA, Daftary-Kapur T.
The authors' purpose was to examine how the social standing of victims and defendants impacted capital sentencing decision making. Participants were 305 death-qualified community members recruited through Amazon's Mechanical Turk workforce who acted as moc... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Sexual violence against marginalized victims: choice of victim or victim of choice? - Horan L, Beauregard E.
Research shows that sex trade workers and homeless populations are at a high risk of severe violence and homicide. Based on a sample of 229 violent sex offenders, we investigate the differences between sexual crimes committed against marginalized (n = 73) ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Specialization and the use of GPS for domestic violence by pretrial programs: findings from a national survey of U.S. practitioners - Gur OM, Ibarra PR, Erez E.
Tools that facilitate the electronic monitoring of criminal justice populations are becoming widespread and multifaceted as they are adapted for a range of purposes and offender categories. In the past two decades, justice agencies across the United States... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Suspects being watched in real time: introducing GPS tracking in Belgium - Beyens K, Roosen M.
Electronic monitoring has recently entered a new phase in Belgium by introducing it at the pre-trial stage. In fact, Global Positioning System (GPS) tracking, as supportive technology, has potentially replaced remand custody. From a controlling perspective... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

The entrepreneurial state: service exports in healthcare and criminal justice - Lunt N.
This article analyses an overlooked element of public service marketisation, examining overseas export activity within healthcare and criminal justice. It explores the drivers, strategies, opportunities and risks of such activities, and the differences acr... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Threats to leaders' political survival and pro-government militia formation - Ash K.
It is puzzling why leaders delegate authority to pro-government militias (PGMs) at the expense of professional armed forces. Several state-level explanations, ranging from low state capacity to blame evasion for human rights violations have been proposed f... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Examining relationships between perceptions and objective assessments of neighborhood environment and sedentary time: data from the Washington, D.C. Cardiovascular Health and Needs Assessment - Ahuja C, Ayers C, Hartz J, Adu-Brimpong J, Thomas S, Mitchell V, Peters-Lawrence M, Sampson D, Brooks AT, Wallen G, Johnson A, Graham L, Graham A, Rivers J, Yingling L, Powell-Wiley TM.
We examined associations of perceived and objective NE with ST in the predominantly African Americ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Burns from illegal cannabis oil manufacturing: a case series - Sinha S, Ricord K, Harasym P, Biernaskie JA, Nickerson D, Gabriel VA.
BACKGROUND: The increasing consideration of cannabis legalization in Canada and the United States has motivated physicians to assess its prospective impact on the health care system. Health care providers in the burns community are concerned about injuries... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

The development and validation of the child sexual assault victim credibility scale: an instrument to measure laypersons' perceptions of victim credibility - Voogt A, Klettke B, Mohebbi M.
Child sexual assault is a global health issue, with extensive implications for legal, social, clinical, and health psychology. The perceived credibility of child victims is of considerable importance in terms of the successful prosecution of such cases. Ho... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

The failure of all mothers or the mother of all failures? Juror perceptions of failure to protect laws - Stanziani M, Cox J.
Failure to protect laws have been an area of interest among legal scholars, child and domestic violence advocates, and the social work and psychology fields with varying focuses on the societal underpinnings of the laws and their application. Despite the p... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news