Nigeria: U.S. Launches Air-Quality Monitors to Track Lagos, Abuja Pollution
[This Day] The United States Ambassador, Ms. Mary Beth Leonard, yesterday launched Air Quality Monitor to link Nigeria to air quality index information and health messaging from the United States' Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - January 26, 2021 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Branch resources review – still time to have your say
UNISON’s branch resources review, which aims to reform how the union’s branches operate and produce a fairer environment for them, is nearing its conclusion. The package of draft proposals will be presented to the union’s national delegate conference (NDC) in the summer for final approval. But before that they have already been discussed at regional meetings across the UK, including in Scotland, Northern Ireland, Wales, the North West, Northern, West Midlands, Eastern, the South East, Greater London and the South West. The proposed changes have also been discussed at many of the union’s committees. ...
Source: UNISON Health care news - January 26, 2021 Category: UK Health Authors: Martin Cullen Tags: Article News branch resources review Source Type: news

Branch resources review – update
  UNISON’s branch resources review, which aims to reform how the union’s branches operate and produce a fairer environment for them, is nearing its conclusion. The package of draft proposals will be presented to the union’s national delegate conference (NDC) in the summer for final approval. But before that they have already been discussed at regional meetings across the UK, including in Scotland, Northern Ireland, Wales, the North West, Northern, West Midlands, Eastern, the South East, Greater London and the South West. The proposed changes have also been discussed at many of the union’s comm...
Source: UNISON meat hygiene - January 26, 2021 Category: Food Science Authors: Martin Cullen Tags: Article News branch resources review Source Type: news

Global Economic Recovery Remains Precarious in post-COVID-19 Years
Credit: United NationsBy External SourceUNITED NATIONS, Jan 26 2021 (IPS) The United Nations has warned that the devastating socio-economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic will be felt for years to come unless smart investments in economic, societal and climate resilience ensure a robust and sustainable recovery of the global economy. In 2020, the world economy shrank by 4.3 per cent, over two and half times more than during the global financial crisis of 2009. The modest recovery of 4.7 per cent expected in 2021 would barely offset the losses of 2020, says the latest World Economic Situation and Prospects. The report und...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - January 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: External Source Tags: Development & Aid Economy & Trade Featured Global Headlines Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies Inequity Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

Highly specific synaptic plasticity in addiction
(Elsevier) Addiction, or substance use disorder (SUD), is a complex neurological condition that includes drug-seeking behavior among other cognitive, emotional and behavioral features. Synaptic plasticity, or changes in the way neurons communicate with one another, drives these addictive behaviors. A new study in Biological Psychiatry, published by Elsevier, now shows that players in the extracellular environment - not just at neuronal interfaces - contribute to addiction plasticity. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

CDC to address COVID-19 impact on legionnaires', present new tools at Legionella Conference
(NSF International) Two speakers from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) will headline a virtual special session of the annual Legionella Conference on March 9-10. 'Prevention of Disease and Injury From Waterborne Pathogens During an Emergent Health Crisis' will feature CDC Commander Jasen Kunz, a senior environmental health officer, and epidemiologist Elizabeth Hannapel, who will discuss the COVID-19 pandemic's impact on Legionnaires' disease risks and new CDC Legionella control tools. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - January 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

An evaluation of a video magnification-based system for respiratory rate monitoring in an acute mental health setting - Laurie J, Higgins N, Peynot T, Fawcett L, Roberts J.
CONTEXT: One of the most important goals of inpatient psychiatric care is to provide a safe and therapeutic environment for both patients and staff. A small number of aggressive or agitated patients are difficult to sedate, even after multiple doses of sed... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Prevalence, incidence and chronicity of child abuse among orphaned, separated, and street-connected children and adolescents in western Kenya: What is the impact of care environment? - Ayaya S, DeLong A, Embleton L, Ayuku D, Sang E, Hogan J, Kamanda A, Atwoli L, Makori D, Ott MA, Ombok C, Braitstein P.
BACKGROUND: The effect of different types of care environment on orphaned and separated children and adolescents' (OSCA) experiences of abuse in sub-Saharan Africa is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: Our two primary objectives were 1) to compare recent child ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Enhancing the environmental programmes of secondary education by using web-tools concerning precaution measures in civil protection: the case of Western Attica (Greece) - Palmos D, Papavasileiou C, Papakitsos EC, Vamvakeros X, Mavrakis A.
The environmental education programmes in secondary education are the primary tool for sensitizing and training the school population in dealing with environmental, biological and technological hazards. Despite their importance in the longterms civil prote... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news

UNISON demands higher human rights standards in PPE
UNISON has joined the lobby to bring in new laws to prevent UK businesses and public services from sourcing from companies that violate workers’ human rights. Evidence has emerged throughout the pandemic that PPE suppliers to the NHS were tied to severe, widespread human rights violations of workers in the global south. One of a number of known abusive suppliers is Top Glove, the world’s largest maker of rubber gloves. Top Glove have seen their profits triple in 2020, whilst investigations showed that gloves were being made by migrant workers forced to work in cramped conditions in Malaysian factories. Workers ...
Source: UNISON Health care news - January 25, 2021 Category: UK Health Authors: Janey Starling Tags: Article human rights supply chains workers rights Source Type: news

Palestine: Is your pension invested in the occupation?
Last year the Palestine Solidarity Campaign (PSC) launched research exposing how Local Government Pension Scheme (LGPS) funds in England and Wales have invested at least £3.2 billion in companies involved in the illegal Israeli settlements in Palestine, and the violation of Palestinian human rights. Although the investments are significant, the research only covers certain types of investment, so the true scale of financing is almost certainly significantly higher. UNISON believes in the right to a decent and affordable pension. But many members are also concerned that their deferred wages are well invested in compan...
Source: UNISON Health care news - January 25, 2021 Category: UK Health Authors: Janey Starling Tags: Article LGPS Palestine pensions pensions divestment Source Type: news

Inclusive and Equitable Education in the Pacific
By Michelle BelisleNOUMEA, New Caledonia, Jan 25 2021 (IPS) In 2019, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed 24 January as International Day of Education, in celebration of the role of education for peace and development. The United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goal 4 challenges all nations to “ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all” by the year 2030. As we think about this in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, and the emerging post-COVID-19 environment, what does inclusive and equitable education look like and how do we ensure ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - January 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Michelle Belisle Tags: Asia-Pacific Development & Aid Education Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nations The Pacific Community (SPC) Source Type: news

NLM Launches a New Online Exhibition - Fifty Years Ago: The Darkening Day
The National Library of Medicine (NLM) announces Fifty Years Ago: The Darkening Day, a new online exhibition recognizing the 50th anniversary of The Darkening Day, an NLM exhibition on the health aspects of environmental pollution, which opened at the library in 1970 and was subsequently reviewed in the September 29, 1970, issue of the NIH Record, page 11. (Source: NLM General Announcements)
Source: NLM General Announcements - January 25, 2021 Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news

‘No more monkey selfies’: scientists told images could drive illegal pet trade
New guidelines say pictures posted on social media by primatologists and researchers can inadvertently damage conservation effortsCelebrity primatologists and scientists have been urged not to post selfies with chimpanzees, orangutans and other primates on social media to help conservation efforts for threatened species.Cuddling baby monkeys on camera and sharing Instagram posts interacting with primates at sanctuaries is strongly discouraged under newguidelines aimed at scientists, researchers and TV presenters from the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the global authority on protecting the natural w...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - January 25, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Patrick Greenfield Tags: Environment Animals Conservation Jane Goodall Science World news Wildlife Mammals Social media Digital media Technology Source Type: news

Women cycling in Queensland: results from an observational study - Debnath AK, Haworth N, Heesch KC.
Women are less likely to ride than men in low cycling countries such as Australia. In Australia, self-reported cycling participation appears to be declining, particularly for women. This paper examines the rider and road environment correlates of women's c... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Pedestrians and Bicycles Source Type: news

The road more travelled: the differential effects of spatial experience in young and elderly participants - Lopez A, Germani A, Tinella L, Caff ò AO, Postma A, Bosco A.
In this study, we investigated the effects of familiarity with the everyday environm... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

How to deform an egg yolk? On the study of soft matter deformation in a liquid environment - Lang J, Nathan R, Wu Q.
In this paper, we report a novel experimental study to examine the response of a soft capsule bathed in a liquid environment to sudden external impacts. Taking an egg yolk as an example, we found that the soft matter is not sensitive to translational impac... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The environment and suicide - why suicidologists should support climate change policies - Lester D.
When suicidologists consider how the environment may impact suicide, they typically focus on the social and economic environment and the interpersonal environment. For the former, Lester and Yang (1997) documented how factors such as the business cycle mig... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Environmental Issues, Climate, Geophysics Source Type: news

Using neural networks to predict high-risk flight environments from accident and incident data - Maynard E, Harris D.
Pre-flight risk analysis tools (FRATs) aid pilots in evaluating risk arising from the flight environment. Current FRATs are subjective, based on linear analyses and subject matter expert interpretation of flight-factor/risk relationships. However, a 'fligh... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

The relationship between driving volatility in time to collision and crash-injury severity in a naturalistic driving environment - Wali B, Khattak AJ, Karnowski T.
This study characterizes volatility in longitudinal and lateral driving decisions and examines the links between driving volatility in t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Investigation of factors that have affected the outcomes of road traffic accidents on Lithuanian roads - Leonavi čienė T, Pukalskas S, Pumputis V, Kulešienė E, Žuraulis V.
The purpose of this paper is to analyse the possibility for predicting the outcome of a road traffic accident concerning the traffic environment, personal traits of the traffic participant and the vehicle, i.e. aiming to answer the question whether specifi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

"My right to walk, my right to live": pedestrian fatalities, roads and environmental features in Benin - Gl èlè-Ahanhanzo Y, Kpozehouen A, Sossa-Jerôme C, Sopoh GE, Tedji H, Yete K, Levêque A.
BACKGROUND: The implementation of road safety interventions in many developing countries usually focuses on the behavior of users. In order to draw more attention on the role of road infrastructure and physical environment in road safety interventions, thi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Evaluation of smartphone interactions on drivers' brain function and vehicle control in an immersive simulated environment - Baker JM, Bruno JL, Piccirilli A, Gundran A, Harbott LK, Sirkin DM, Marzelli M, Hosseini SMH, Reiss AL.
Smartphones and other modern technologies have introduced multiple new forms of distraction that color the modern driving experience. While many smartphone functions aim to improve driving by providing the driver with real-time navigation and traffic updat... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Citizen scientists documenting hazardous materials shipments on American railroads - Ziolkowski M.
Economic development is powered by access to energy and industrial chemical inputs. Many of these energy forms and chemicals are harmful to human health and the environment. North American sourced petroleum crude oil has grown in volume in the past decade.... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news

Association between home environment in infancy and child movement behaviors - Kracht CL, Redman LM, Casey PH, Krukowski RA, Andres A.
This study examined the relationship between the infant home environment and move... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Artificial intelligence against hate: intervention reducing verbal aggression in the social network environment - Bilewicz M, Tempska P, Leliwa G, Dowgia łło M, Tańska M, Urbaniak R, Wroczyński M.
This article presents a quasi-experimental intervention study designed to reduce the level of verbal aggression on a social networking service (Reddit). The interventions were based on three psychological mechanisms: induction of a descriptive norm, induct... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Long-term changes in hazardous heat and cold stress in humans: multi-city study in Poland - Kuchcik M, B łażejczyk K, Halaś A.
Significant changes in climate variables in the last decades resulted in changes of perceived climate conditions. However, there are only few studies discussing long-lasting changes in bioclimatic conditions. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to present t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Environmental Issues, Climate, Geophysics Source Type: news

Extreme heat and occupational injuries in different climate zones: a systematic review and meta-analysis of epidemiological evidence - Fatima SH, Rothmore P, Giles LC, Varghese BM, Bi P.
BACKGROUND: The link between heat exposure and adverse health outcomes in workers is well documented and a growing body of epidemiological evidence from various countries suggests that extreme heat may also contribute to increased risk of occupational inju... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Environmental Issues, Climate, Geophysics Source Type: news

Association between particulate matter air pollution and risk of depression and suicide: a systematic review and meta-analysis - Liu Q, Wang W, Gu X, Deng F, Wang X, Lin H, Guo X, Wu S.
An increasing number of studies examined the potential effects of ambient particulate matter (PM: PM(2.5) and PM(10)-PMs with diameters not greater than 2.5 and 10  μm, respectively) pollution on the risk of depression and suicide; however, the results ha... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Environmental Issues, Climate, Geophysics Source Type: news

Electrogastrography in autonomous vehicles-an objective method for assessment of motion sickness in simulated driving environments - Gruden T, Popovi ć NB, Stojmenova K, Jakus G, Miljković N, Tomažič S, Sodnik J.
Autonomous vehicles are expected to take complete control of the driving process, enabling the former drivers to act as passengers only. This could lead to increased sickness as they can be engaged in tasks other than driving. Adopting different sickness m... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Detecting, analysing, and modelling failed lane-changing attempts in traditional and connected environments - Ali Y, Zheng Z, Mazharul Haque M, Yildirimoglu M, Washington S.
Lane-changing is a routine yet a complex driving task that has several negative impacts on both traffic flow efficiency and road safety, and thus, lane-changing models have become an indispensable part of microsimulation tools. The existing models only con... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

A commentary on Blue Zones( ®): a critical review of age-friendly environments in the 21st century and beyond - Marston HR, Niles-Yokum K, Silva PA.
This paper explores the intersection of the World Health Organization's (WHO) concepts of age-friendly communities and The Blue Zones( ®) checklists and how the potential of integrating the two frameworks for the development of a contemporary framework can... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Concussions at school: the experiences and knowledge of school nurses - Pietz K, Graves J, Weybright E, Pinkleton B, Klein T.
BACKGROUND: School nurses' knowledge about and confidence in managing concussions are important to ensure continuity of care between a student's school and home environments. This mixed-methods study explored concussion-related knowledge, confidence, and m... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Dairy calves benefit from higher-protein starter feed, Illinois study says
(University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences) Dairy producers know early nutrition for young calves has far-reaching impacts, both for the long-term health and productivity of the animals and for farm profitability. With the goal of increasing not just body weight but also lean tissue gain, a new University of Illinois study finds enhanced milk replacer with high crude-protein dry starter feed is the winning combination. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - January 25, 2021 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Minsters must wake up to the Covid threat in nurseries
Responding to an Early Years Alliance report released today (Friday), which found that around half of early years staff don’t feel safe in their current working environment, UNISON head of education Jon Richards said:  “The report paints a stark picture of the fear and anxiety that nursery staff feel. “The​y’re in workplaces ​that are fully open during the lockdown with no social distancing, where masks can’t be worn and where testing isn’t taking place. It’s no surprise they feel ​so vulnerable. “New Department for&nbs...
Source: UNISON Health care news - January 22, 2021 Category: UK Health Authors: Garfield Myrie Tags: News Press release Jon Richards nurseries Source Type: news

Ministers must wake up to the Covid threat in nurseries
Responding to an Early Years Alliance report released today (Friday), which found that around half of early years staff don’t feel safe in their current working environment, UNISON head of education Jon Richards said:  “The report paints a stark picture of the fear and anxiety that nursery staff feel. “The​y’re in workplaces ​that are fully open during the lockdown with no social distancing, where masks can’t be worn and where testing isn’t taking place. It’s no surprise they feel ​so vulnerable. “New Department for&nbs...
Source: UNISON Health care news - January 22, 2021 Category: UK Health Authors: Garfield Myrie Tags: News Press release Jon Richards nurseries Source Type: news

UNISON calls on Environment Agency to strengthen its health and safety measures
During the pandemic, UNISON has engaged positively with the Environment Agency on a range of health and safety issues. However, the increased transmission rates of the new COVID-19 variant has led to calls from UNISON and other unions, including Prospect, GMB and Unite, for the agency to review its risk assessments. While many Environment Agency employees are working from home at the present time, some essential workers are still attending depots and other workplaces. The unions have issued a health and safety union improvement notice calling for the Environment Agency to review measures, in particular for the introduction...
Source: UNISON Health care news - January 22, 2021 Category: UK Health Authors: Janey Starling Tags: Article News Covid-19 environment agency health and safety Source Type: news

Kenya: Vaccinate Girls to Save Them From Cervical Cancer - Bosire
[Nation] Despite the world convening for ICPD25+ in 2019 and Global leaders making commitments to safeguard the health of women and young girls, there continues to be increased opposition against reproductive rights of women; opposition that has hindered access to safe reproductive services including cervical cancer prevention interventions. As a young girl who grew up in the slums of Kibera, in an environment where quality, affordable and timely healthcare did not exist, this reality remains true for many young gi (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - January 22, 2021 Category: African Health Source Type: news

COVID-19 and healthcare workers: a rapid systematic review into risks and preventive measures, BMJ Open
Objective The COVID-19 pandemic is demanding for occupational medicine and for public health. As healthcare workers (HCWs) fight impacts of SARS-CoV-2 on front lines, we must create safe work environments through comprehensive risk assessments, evaluation and effective implementation of counter-measures. We ask:'What does current literature report on health risks at workplaces regarding COVID-19?'and'What do current studies report on the effectiveness of enacted preventative recommendations?'(Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - January 22, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

AI: ensuring that humans remain in the center
(Karlsruher Institut f ü r Technologie (KIT)) Valuable support or job killer? Artificial intelligence (AI) promises to enhance efficiency of business processes, but also changes the environment of workers. Profitable use of AI technologies for digitization in the energy sector and ways for human beings to remain in the center are studied by the new MeKIDI project coordinated by Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT). The project is aimed at finding a good balance between technical opportunities, company goals, and individual interests. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - January 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Study examines how clean air act affects municipal bond market
(Carnegie Mellon University) A new study examined whether federal policy aimed at mitigating local air pollution--specifically, the Clean Air Act--affected the municipal bond market from 2005 to 2019. The study concludes that increases in regulatory stringency or uncertainty over future environmental policy increased the cost of municipal debt used to fund infrastructure and other projects. The findings have implications for policy, including the risk that environmental regulations could jeopardize local governments' ability to raise capital for critical infrastructure. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - January 22, 2021 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Employee health company Kenzen begins partnership with Examinetics and receives investment
Kenzen ’s wearable device is designed to keep frontline workers in hazardous environments safe by monitoring users'health metrics.   (Source: mobihealthnews)
Source: mobihealthnews - January 21, 2021 Category: Information Technology Source Type: news

Differences in Compassion Satisfaction and Fatigue Differences in Compassion Satisfaction and Fatigue
How does compassion satisfaction and fatigue differ by RN type? Are these differences potentially related to work environment factors?OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - January 21, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Nursing Journal Article Source Type: news

Study: Mesothelioma Survival Rates Rise with SMART Protocol
Using accelerated high-dose radiation prior to surgery produced an unprecedented 65.9-month median survival for a cohort of pleural mesothelioma patients who were part of a larger clinical trial at the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre in Toronto. Lancet Oncology recently published results of the study, named SMART, an acronym for Surgery for Mesothelioma After Radiation Therapy. The SMART study involved 96 patients with pleural mesothelioma who were treated in Toronto from 2008 to 2019. All received the intensity-modulated radiotherapy before extrapleural pneumonectomy surgery, an unconventional treatment regimen. Among the...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - January 21, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Fran Mannino Source Type: news

What (non-Covid) science is coming up in 2021? – podcast
Ian Sample and producer Madeleine discuss what science, outside of the pandemic, they ’ll be looking out for in 2021. Joined by Prof Gillian Wright and the Guardian’s global environment editorJonathan Watts, they explore exciting space missions and critical climate change conferencesContinue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - January 21, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Presented by Ian Sample and produced by Madeleine Finlay Tags: Science Space James Webb space telescope Astronomy Climate change Environment Source Type: news

New research demonstrates how the best camouflage can be found for an arbitrary environment
A new method, developed by scientists at the University of Bristol can determine the optimal colouration pattern to cover an object in order to make it as visible or concealed as possible, in any given environment. (Source: University of Bristol news)
Source: University of Bristol news - January 21, 2021 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Research; Faculty of Life Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences, School of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences, School of Psychological Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Bristol Veterinary School; Press Release Source Type: news

How the brain learns that earmuffs are not valuable at the beach
(University of Tsukuba) A collaboration between the University of Tsukuba and the NEI in the US has discovered that fast-spiking neurons in the basal ganglia allow monkeys to associate different values with the same objects based on the surrounding environment. Blocking input from these cells inhibited learning of new scene-based values, but did not erase already learned associations. This could help understand clinical conditions such as Tourette syndrome, which is characterized by reduced input from these cells. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - January 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The idea of an environmental tax is finally gaining strength
(Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)) In 2020, the political implementation of Arthur Cecil Pigou's insight has gained strength, important objections are being invalidated, and carbon pricing appears more efficient than regulations and bans according to a study by PIK and MCC. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - January 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

OSU researchers prove fish-friendly detection method more sensitive than electrofishing
(Oregon State University) Delivering a minor electric shock into a stream to reveal any fish lurking nearby may be the gold standard for detecting fish populations, but it's not much fun for the trout. Scientists at Oregon State University have found that sampling stream water for evidence of the presence of various species using environmental DNA, known as eDNA, can be more accurate than electrofishing, without disrupting the fish. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - January 21, 2021 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Biden, in a Burst of Climate Orders, Rejoins the Paris Agreement
The president also canceled the Keystone XL pipeline and ordered federal agencies to begin the process of reinstating environmental... (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - January 21, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news