Good News, Bad News on Black Americans and Cancer
Conclusions stem from an analysis of death data for Black individuals and other ethnic/racial groups gathered by the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics. (Source: WebMD Health)
Source: WebMD Health - May 19, 2022 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Vaccination after infection with COVID-19 reduces likelihood of Long Covid, finds study of 28,000 people, UK Covid Vaccine Research Hub
A new study carried out by the Office for National Statistics (ONS), has found that people who are vaccinated after being infected with COVID-19 are less likely to experience the symptoms of Long Covid. It is the largest study of its kind to date. Up to 6% of adults in England are estimated to have experienced long-term symptoms after infection with COVID-19 since the pandemic began. In October 2021, an estimated 1.2 million people had reported experiencing long covid, with two thirds of these having symptoms severe enough to limit their day-to-day life. For the purposes of this study, Long Covid symptoms were defined as...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 19, 2022 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Infection Survey, UK: antibody and vaccination data, 18 May 2022, ONS
This study is jointly led by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) and the Department for Health and Social Care (DHSC) working with the University of Oxford and Lighthouse Laboratory to collect and test samples. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 19, 2022 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Definitions of Research and Development : An Annotated Compilation of Official Sources
This document provides definitions of research and development from U.S. and international sources. The first section ( I ) presents statistical definitions of R&D from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development ( OECD ) Frascati Manual 2015 : Guidelines for Collecting and Reporting Data on Research and Experimental Development. The next three sections are organized by sectors of the U.S. economy that perform or fund R&D — businesses ( II ) , federal and state governments ( III ) , and academic and nonprofit organizations ( IV ) . Sources for definitions of R&D include the Office of Management and Budget...
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - May 19, 2022 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

NHS Test and Trace statistics (England): methodology, UKHSA (updated 18th May 2022)
How the UK Health Security Agency (UKHSA) puts together the contact-tracing data in its weekly reports. 18 May 2022Updated flowchart information and removed content relating to: contract tracing and close contacts; managed quarantine service; differences between LFD and PCR test results. 14 April 2022Update wording to Managed Quarantine Service section. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 19, 2022 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Respiratory disease: applying All Our Health, PHE (updated 19th May 2022)
Evidence and guidance to help healthcare professionals manage respiratory disease and maximise early diagnosis and treatment. 19 May 2022Updated statistics for respiratory disease guidance. 4 October 2019Updated guidance on respiratory disease. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 19, 2022 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

One Million Americans Have Died From COVID-19. Here Are Some of Their Stories
One million people have died of COVID-19 in the U.S. Each death was more than a number: It was a lost parent, child, partner, or other loved one. The pandemic has affected us all, but certain groups have suffered disproportionately throughout it. TIME spoke with three people who lost family members to the same devastating disease—COVID-19—but under very different circumstances. Kious ‘James’ Kelly New York City, age 48 Courtesy Marya Patrice Sherron (2)Kious “James” Kelly, above, and with his sister Marya Patrice Sherron [time-brightcove not-tgx=”true”] When COVID-19 began t...
Source: TIME: Health - May 18, 2022 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jamie Ducharme, Jeffrey Kluger and Tara Law Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 healthscienceclimate Source Type: news

New Data Show TREMFYA ® (guselkumab) Binds to Both Inflammatory Cells and Interleukin (IL)-23, Supporting a Hypothesis for a Differentiated Mechanism from Risankizumab
SPRING HOUSE, PENNSYLVANIA, May 18, 2022 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson today announced the first results of the in vitro MODIF-Y studies, supporting a hypothesis that may differentiate the mechanism of first-in-class TREMFYA® (guselkumab) from risankizumab due to the ability of TREMFYA to bind to CD64 positive (CD64+) cells in addition to interleukin (IL)-23 — both of which are key components of the immune system. 1,2 These findings, which are being presented at the Society for Investigative Dermatology (SID) annual meeting May 18-21, 2022 in Portland, Oregon, demonstrate TREMFYA bind...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - May 18, 2022 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news

Gambia: Gambia Needs a Stronger Focus On Nutrition to Improve Food Security
[The Point] In The Gambia, malnutrition is a major health issue. In four of the seven regions of the country (Basse, Janjangbure, Kuntaur and Mansa Konko), eight percent of the population are food insecure or highly vulnerable to food insecurity, with the most vulnerable groups being women and children. Statistics indicate that food insecurity increased from 8 percent in 2016 to 13.4 percent in 2021. It disproportionately affects rural households (23.9 percent) more than urban ones (10.8 percent). (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - May 18, 2022 Category: African Health Source Type: news

New long COVID research: National Institute for Health and Care Research, NHS Employers (published 17th May 2022)
In March 2022, the Office of National statistics found that 1.7 million people in the UK experienced self-reported long COVID. To address the high prevalence of the condition, the National Institute for Health and Care Research (NIHR) has launched new content to outline the range of research studies on understanding, diagnosing and treating long COVID. This research examines the causes of long COVID, investigating symptoms such as ' brain fog ' and breathlessness, and finding the most effective ways to treat and manage the condition. You can read more information on what the new research areas will cover the NIHR researchi...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 18, 2022 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Sask. might not have counted all COVID-19 deaths, excess mortality numbers suggest
Data from Statistics Canada and confirmation from the Saskatchewan government indicate the province might have undercounted COVID-19 deaths in 2021. It's the result of a figure known as excess mortality, which happens when more deaths occur during a certain period of time than what would be typically expected.  (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - May 18, 2022 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada/Saskatchewan Source Type: news

Increasing Numbers of Women Dying from Malignant Mesothelioma
The number of women dying annually from malignant mesothelioma climbed by 25% over the past two decades, despite a nationwide drop in the use of asbestos, the primary cause of the cancer. The rise in deaths among women contrasts with the numbers among men, which have fallen slightly in recent years, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The statistics were part of the CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report published on May 13. The report analyzed the annual mesothelioma death rate for women from 1999 to 2020. “The increasing number of malignant mesothelioma deaths among women m...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - May 17, 2022 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sophia Clifton Tags: Asbestos Exposure Source Type: news

Inhaled Interferon Fails in Pivotal COVID Trial, but Developer Pushes On
(MedPage Today) -- SAN FRANCISCO -- A company hoping to market an inhalable formulation of interferon beta for viral lung diseases isn't dissuaded by phase III trial results in 623 hospitalized COVID-19 patients, which showed no statistically... (Source: MedPage Today Infectious Disease)
Source: MedPage Today Infectious Disease - May 17, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Finite mixture of the hidden Markov model for driving style analysis - Ding L, Zhu T, Wang Y, Zou Y, Postolache OA.
Analyzing driving style is useful for developing intelligent vehicles. Previous studies usually consider the statistical features (e.g., the means and standard deviations of brake pressure) of the measured driving data or manually define the number of patt... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 16, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Statistical safety performance models considering pavement and roadway characteristics - Li JQ, Liu W, Yang X, L ü P, Wang KCP, Moridpour S.
Transportation agencies build statistical models and predict the average crash frequency to identify hazardous road sections and make informed decisions to reduce crashes. In this paper, safety performance models (SPFs) were built and evaluated considering... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 16, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news