IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 2353: Fecal Indicator Bacteria Data to Characterize Drinking Water Quality in Low-Resource Settings: Summary of Current Practices and Recommendations for Improving Validity
Lantagne Fecal indicator bacteria (FIB) values are widely used to assess microbial contamination in drinking water and to advance the modeling of infectious disease risks. The membrane filtration (MF) testing technique for FIB is widely adapted for use in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). We conducted a systematic literature review on the use of MF-based FIB data in LMICs and summarized statistical methods from 172 articles. We then applied the commonly used statistical methods from the review on publicly available datasets to illustrate how data analysis methods affect FIB results and interpretation. Our find...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mustafa Sikder Elena N. Naumova Anthonia O. Ogudipe Mateo Gomez Daniele Lantagne Tags: Article Source Type: research

R-optimal design of the second-order Scheffé mixture model
Publication date: Available online 26 February 2021Source: Statistics & Probability LettersAuthor(s): Honghua Hao, Xiaoyuan Zhu, Xinfeng Zhang, Chongqi Zhang (Source: Statistics and Probability Letters)
Source: Statistics and Probability Letters - February 27, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: research

Statistical Experimental Design applied to extracellular lipase production by the marine Antarctic yeast Leucosporidium scottii CRM 728
Publication date: Available online 27 February 2021Source: Biocatalysis and Agricultural BiotechnologyAuthor(s): Alysson Wagner Fernandes Duarte, Rafaella Costa Bonugli-Santos, Ana Lúcia Ferrarezi Duarte, Eleni Gomes, Lara Durães Sette (Source: Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology)
Source: Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology - February 27, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Tool condition monitoring using Random forest and FURIA through statistical learning
Publication date: Available online 27 February 2021Source: Materials Today: ProceedingsAuthor(s): Shiv Virendra Dahe, G. Sai Manikandan, R. Jegadeeshwaran, G. Sakthivel, J. Lakshmipathi (Source: Materials Today: Proceedings)
Source: Materials Today: Proceedings - February 27, 2021 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

Morphological characterization, statistical modeling and wear behavior of AA7075-Titanium Carbide-Graphite surface composites via Friction stir processing
Publication date: March–April 2021Source: Journal of Materials Research and Technology, Volume 11Author(s): Namdev Ashok Patil, Srinivasa Rao Pedapati, Othman Mamat, Abdul Munir Hidayat Syah Lubis (Source: Journal of Materials Research and Technology)
Source: Journal of Materials Research and Technology - February 27, 2021 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

Enrichment of IGF-1R and PPAR γ signalling pathways in orbital inflammatory diseases: steps toward understanding pathogenesis
Br J Ophthalmol. 2021 Feb 26:bjophthalmol-2020-318330. doi: 10.1136/bjophthalmol-2020-318330. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Orbital inflammatory disease (OID) encompasses a wide range of pathology including thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO), granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), sarcoidosis and non-specific orbital inflammation (NSOI), accounting for up to 6% of orbital diseases. Understanding the underlying pathophysiology of OID can improve diagnosis and help target therapy.AIMS: To test the hypothesis that shared signalling pathways are activated in different forms of OID.METHODS: In this secondary anal...
Source: The British Journal of Ophthalmology - February 27, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Rohan Verma Dongseok Choi Allison J Chen Christina A Harrington David J Wilson Hans E Grossniklaus Roger A Dailey John Ng Eric A Steele Stephen R Planck Bobby S Korn Don Kikkawa Craig N Czyz Jill A Foster Michael Kazim Gerald J Harris Deepak P Edward Hail Source Type: research

Comparison of clinical outcomes of conbercept versus ranibizumab treatment for retinopathy of prematurity: a multicentral prospective randomised controlled trial
CONCLUSION: Both IVC and IVR are effective therapies for the treatment of ROP. Conbercept is a new option for treating ROP.PMID:33637618 | DOI:10.1136/bjophthalmol-2020-318026 (Source: The British Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: The British Journal of Ophthalmology - February 27, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Zhenquan Wu Jinfeng Zhao Waiching Lam Mingmin Yang Lu Chen Xuelin Huang Meirong Wei Hui Yang Fan Lv Fuyan Zhang Jian Zeng Guo-Ming Zhang Source Type: research

An evaluation of binge eating characteristics in individuals with eating disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis
The objective of this review is to provide an updated synthesis of studies in individuals with eating disorders that examined the following components of binge eating episodes (BEEs): caloric intake, episode duration, and also the association of BEE size with psychopathology. A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed following the PRISMA guidelines. Searches were conducted on PubMed, PsycINFO, Scopus, SciELO, ScienceDirect and ProQuest databases. Meta-analysis was performed using random effects models and meta-regression. Forty-three studies were included. There was a paucity of information regarding BEE in indi...
Source: Appetite - February 27, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Carla Loureiro Mourilhe Silva Carlos Eduardo Ferreira de Moraes Gloria Valeria da Veiga Felipe Q da Luz Amanda Pompeu Bruno Palazzo Nazar Evandro Silva Freire Coutinho Phillipa Hay Jose Carlos Appolinario Source Type: research

The Use of Tablet Computers to Reduce Preoperative Anxiety in Children Before Anesthesia: A Randomized Controlled Study
CONCLUSIONS: Although not statistically significant, the use of an age-appropriate tablet computer game may reduce the level of anxiety at the anesthetic induction in 3 to 6 years old children undergoing elective day-case surgery. However, the occurrence of ED and levels of pain appeared unaffected. Standardization of nonpharmacologic interventions to reduce perioperative anxiety and pain is required.PMID:33637409 | DOI:10.1016/j.jopan.2020.09.012 (Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing - February 27, 2021 Category: Nursing Authors: Nicola G Clausen Dorthe Madsen Charlotte Rosenkilde Dorthe Hasfeldt-Hansen Line G Larsen Tom G Hansen Source Type: research

The Relationship of Preseptoplasty and Postseptoplasty Early Period Comfort Level With Nasal Obstruction, Sleep Quality, and Fatigue Severity: A Prospective Study
CONCLUSIONS: Many physical problems, such as nasal obstruction, fatigue, and sleep disorders were detected in patients before septoplasty. This study revealed the importance of performing septoplasty before sleep quality reaches a pathologic level or requires a sleep medication.PMID:33637408 | DOI:10.1016/j.jopan.2020.09.005 (Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing - February 27, 2021 Category: Nursing Authors: Se çil Taylan İlknur Özkan Murat Kar Source Type: research

Cochlear implantation for patients with tinnitus - A systematic review
CONCLUSION: Our systematic review reveals that electrical stimulation by cochlear implants in patients with a primary complaint of tinnitus has a positive impact on tinnitus distress. Nevertheless, only small sample sizes were found and studies showed considerable risks of bias.a.PMID:33637223 | DOI:10.1016/bs.pbr.2020.06.013 (Source: Brain Research)
Source: Brain Research - February 27, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Kelly K S Assouly Jan A A van Heteren Robert J Stokroos Inge Stegeman Adriana L Smit Source Type: research

Gait Analysis in a Rat Model of Traumatic Brain Injury
Behav Brain Res. 2021 Feb 24:113210. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2021.113210. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTGait disruptions following traumatic brain injury (TBI) are noted in the clinical population. To date, thorough analysis of gait changes in animal models of TBI to allow for correlation of pathological alterations and utilization of this as a therapeutic outcome have been limited. We therefore assessed gait using the DigiGait analysis system as well as overall locomotion using the Beam Walk test in adult male Sprague-Dawley rats following a commonly used model of TBI, parietal lobe controlled cortical impact (CCI). Rats under...
Source: Brain Research - February 27, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: John Reed Antigone Grillakis Alyssa Kline Anwar E Ahmed Kimberly R Byrnes Source Type: research

An exploration of psychological symptom-based phenotyping of adult cochlear implant users with and without tinnitus using a machine learning approach
In this study, we attempted to characterize patients' symptom-based phenotypes as subpopulations in a Gaussian mixture model (GMM), and subsequently performed a comparison with tinnitus reporting. We were able to effectively evaluate the statistical models using cross-validation to establish the number of phenotypes in the cohort, or a lack thereof. We examined a cohort of adult cochlear implant (CI) users, a patient group for which a relation between psychological symptoms (anxiety, depression, or insomnia) and trouble tinnitus has previously been shown. Accordingly, individual item scores on the Hospital Anxiety and Depr...
Source: Brain Research - February 27, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Samuel S Smith P ádraig T Kitterick Polly Scutt David M Baguley Robert H Pierzycki Source Type: research

Chronic fatigue syndrome: Abnormally fast muscle fiber conduction in the membranes of motor units at low static force load
Clin Neurophysiol. 2021 Jan 29;132(4):967-974. doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2020.11.043. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and fibromyalgia (FM) are disorders of unknown etiology and unclear pathophysiology, with overlapping symptoms of - especially muscular -fatigue and pain. Studies have shown increased muscle fiber conduction velocity (CV) in the non-painful muscles of FM patients. We investigated whether CFS patients also show CV abnormalities.METHODS: Females with CFS (n = 25), with FM (n = 22), and healthy controls (n = 21) underwent surface electromyography of the biceps brachii, loade...
Source: Clinical Neurophysiology - February 27, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: E G Klaver-Krol H J Hermens R C Vermeulen M M Klaver H Luyten N R Henriquez M J Zwarts Source Type: research

Gait Analysis in a Rat Model of Traumatic Brain Injury
Behav Brain Res. 2021 Feb 24:113210. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2021.113210. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTGait disruptions following traumatic brain injury (TBI) are noted in the clinical population. To date, thorough analysis of gait changes in animal models of TBI to allow for correlation of pathological alterations and utilization of this as a therapeutic outcome have been limited. We therefore assessed gait using the DigiGait analysis system as well as overall locomotion using the Beam Walk test in adult male Sprague-Dawley rats following a commonly used model of TBI, parietal lobe controlled cortical impact (CCI). Rats under...
Source: Behavioural Brain Research - February 27, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: John Reed Antigone Grillakis Alyssa Kline Anwar E Ahmed Kimberly R Byrnes Source Type: research

Cohort profile: SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 hospitalised patients in Switzerland
CONCLUSION: The surveillance system has been successfully initiated and provides a robust set of data for Switzerland by including about 80% (compared with official statistics) of SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 hospitalised patients, with similar age and comorbidity distributions. It adds detailed information on the epidemiology, risk factors and clinical course of these cases and, therefore, is a valuable addition to the existing mandatory reporting.PMID:33638351 | DOI:10.4414/smw.2021.20475 (Source: Swiss Medical Weekly)
Source: Swiss Medical Weekly - February 27, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Amaury Thiabaud Anne Iten Carlo Balmelli Laurence Senn Nicolas Troillet Andreas Widmer Domenica Flury Peter W Schreiber Miriam V ázquez Lauro Damonti Michael Buettcher Danielle Vuichard-Gysin Christoph Kuhm Alexia Cusini Thomas Riedel Yvonne Nussbaumer-O Source Type: research

Effects of a specialized inpatient treatment program on epilepsy-related impairments of patients with epilepsy and intellectual disability as rated by relatives and professional caregivers
CONCLUSION: The evaluation of the relatives and caregivers in our study indicates that inpatient treatment in a specialized center with a dedicated multi-professional program led to significant improvements regarding the concerns of relatives or caregivers, and in the QoL and related aspects in persons with epilepsy and ID. This shows that specialized inpatient treatment may be helpful for persons with epilepsy and ID.PMID:33639437 | DOI:10.1016/j.yebeh.2021.107809 (Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour)
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - February 27, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Christian Brandt Birgitt M üffelmann Theodor W May Johanna L Hopf Helga Ottenottebrock Michael Endermann Rupprecht Thorbecke Christian G Bien Source Type: research

Effects of progressive muscle relaxation training with music therapy on sleep and anger of patients at Community Mental Health Center
CONCLUSION: Relaxation training and music therapy are effective in controlling anger and increasing sleep quality in chronic psychiatric patients.CLINICAL TRIAL NUMBER: NCT04620122.PMID:33639518 | DOI:10.1016/j.ctcp.2021.101338 (Source: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice)
Source: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice - February 27, 2021 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Sema İçel Ceyda Ba şoğul Source Type: research

The effects of reiki on heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and stress levels: A pilot randomized, double-blinded, and placebo-controlled study
Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2021 Feb 17;43:101328. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2021.101328. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTReiki is a biofield energy therapy that focuses on optimizing the body's natural healing abilities by balancing the life force energy or qi/chi. Reiki has been shown to reduce stress, pain levels, help with depression/anxiety, increase relaxation, improve fatigue, and quality of life. In this pilot randomized, double-blinded, and placebo-controlled study, the effects of Reiki on heart rate, diastolic and systolic blood pressure, body temperature, and stress levels were explored in an effort to gain objective ou...
Source: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice - February 27, 2021 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Namuun Bat Source Type: research

Correlation of Performance Status and Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio With Efficacy in Radioiodine-Refractory Differentiated Thyroid Cancer Treated With Lenvatinib
CONCLUSIONS: Lower ECOG PS and NLR may provide prognostic value for improved efficacy in patients with RR-DTC. .PMID:33637020 | DOI:10.1089/thy.2020.0779 (Source: Thyroid : official journal of the American Thyroid Association)
Source: Thyroid : official journal of the American Thyroid Association - February 27, 2021 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Matthew H Taylor Shunji Takahashi Jaume Capdevila Makoto Tahara Sophie Leboulleux Naomi Kiyota Corina E Dutcus Ran Xie Bruce Robinson Steven I Sherman Mouhammed Amir Habra Rossella Elisei Lori J Wirth Source Type: research

Prevalence and characteristics of women with borderline personality pathology referred to a perinatal consultation liaison service
CONCLUSION: The prevalence of borderline personality pathology in antenatal women identified at antenatal screening and the recognition that women with borderline personality pathology are 'high-risk' caregivers argue for borderline personality pathology to be recognised as a high priority for investment in service development.PMID:33636989 | DOI:10.1177/0004867421998770 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - February 27, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Katharina Nagel Richard Thomson Stephanie Lorimer Fiona Judd Source Type: research

Novel Application of Photogrammetry to Quantify Fascicle Orientations of Female Cadaveric Pelvic Floor Muscles
Ann Biomed Eng. 2021 Feb 26. doi: 10.1007/s10439-021-02747-6. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAlthough critical for understanding and simulating pelvic floor muscle function and pathophysiology, the fascicle arrangements of the coccygeus and levator ani remain mostly undetermined. We performed close-range photogrammetry on cadaveric pelvic floor muscles to robustly quantify surface fascicle orientations. The pelvic floor muscles of 5 female cadavers were exposed through anatomic dissections, removed en bloc, and photographed from every required angle. Overlapping images were mapped onto in silico geometries and muscle fascic...
Source: Annals of Biomedical Engineering - February 27, 2021 Category: Biomedical Engineering Authors: Megan R Routzong Mark S Cook William Barone Steven D Abramowitch Marianna Alperin Source Type: research

Results and outcomes for patients with atrioventricular groove disruption after mitral valve surgery
CONCLUSION: Mortality rates for AVGD after MVS are high. However, way of managing AVGD depends on the underlying type of rupture and should be evaluated in regard of the myocardial damage. Due to the rare occurrence, registry data might help to address more scientific value concerning therapeutic measures and outcomes of this severe complication.PMID:33637032 | DOI:10.1177/0267659121998938 (Source: Perfusion)
Source: Perfusion - February 27, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Borko Ivanov Ilija Djordjevic Kaveh Eghbalzadeh Georg Schlachtenberger Stephen Gerfer Christopher Gaisendrees Elmar Kuhn Parwis Rahmanian Anton Sabashnikov Navid Mader Thorsten Wahlers Source Type: research

Factors associated with infrainguinal bypass graft patency at 1-year; a retrospective analysis of a single centre experience
Perfusion. 2021 Feb 26:267659121995760. doi: 10.1177/0267659121995760. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTINTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with primary graft patency 1 year following open lower limb revascularisation (LLR) at a tertiary referral vascular service.METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients undergoing infra-inguinal bypass surgery between January 2016 and May 2017 at a tertiary vascular centre (St Mary's Hospital, London) was performed. Data regarding patient demographics, comorbidities, type of operation and post-operative anti-thrombotic strategy were collected. Quality o...
Source: Perfusion - February 27, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Pasha Normahani Ismail Yusuf Anwar Alona Courtney Amish Acharya Viknesh Sounderajah Chira Mustafa Usman Jaffer Collaborators Source Type: research

Impact of counterclockwise rotation of the occlusal plane on the mandibular advancement, pharynx morphology, and polysomnography results in maxillomandibular advancement surgery for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea patients
Sleep Breath. 2021 Feb 26. doi: 10.1007/s11325-020-02279-8. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPURPOSE: Evaluate the impact of counterclockwise rotation of the occlusal plane (CCWROP) on pharynx morphology and polysomnography in maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) surgery to treat obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients.METHODS: Prospective clinical trial of patients with OSA treated by MMA. Computed tomography and polysomnography were performed pre- and postoperatively and the parameters were compared. The surgery classified the patients into two groups: with (R) and without (NR) CCWROP.RESULTS: The study sample comprised 38 in...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - February 27, 2021 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Mariana Christino Pedro Pileggi Vinha Ana C élia Faria Denny Marcos Garcia Francisco Ver íssimo de Mello-Filho Source Type: research

Can particulate matter be identified as the primary cause of the rapid spread of CoViD-19 in some areas of Northern Italy?
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2021 Feb 26. doi: 10.1007/s11356-021-12735-x. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTNorthern Italy was the most affected by CoViD-19 compared to other Italian areas and comprises zones where air pollutants concentration was higher than in the rest of Italy. The aim of the research is to determine if particulate matter (PM) has been the primary cause of the high CoViD-19 spread rapidity in some areas of Northern Italy. Data of PM for all the 41 studied cities were collected from the local environmental protection agencies. To compare air quality data with epidemiological data, a statistical analysis was ...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - February 27, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Maria Cristina Collivignarelli Alessandro Abb à Francesca Maria Caccamo Giorgio Bertanza Roberta Pedrazzani Marco Baldi Paola Ricciardi Marco Carnevale Miino Source Type: research

Distance to Thrombus in Endovascular Treatment of Middle Cerebral Artery M1 Occlusion Predicts Recanalization Success and Clinical Outcome
CONCLUSION: Shorter DT was associated with higher rate of full recanalization (mTICI 3) after endovascular therapy. Having a longer DT reduces the chance of successful recanalization without distal embolism. However, there was no statistically significant effect for DT on a favorable outcome at third months or mortality with endovascular treatment of MCA M1 occlusions.PMID:33636978 | DOI:10.34172/aim.2021.17 (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - February 27, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Nihat Sengeze Semih Giray Source Type: research

Clinical Characteristics of COVID-19 Patients with Gastrointestinal Symptoms
CONCLUSION: More attention should be paid to patients with only GI symptoms for early patient detection and isolation. Moreover, patients with GI manifestations are not exposed to higher rates of disease severity or mortality.PMID:33636982 | DOI:10.34172/aim.2021.21 (Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine)
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - February 27, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Mahnaz Montazeri Nastaran Maghbouli Raika Jamali Alireza Sharifi Marzieh Pazoki Ahmad Salimzadeh Behnaz Barzegari Najme Rafiei Ensieh Sadat Mansouri Azar Hadadi Source Type: research

Survival Following Lay Resuscitation
CONCLUSION: Resuscitation by laypersons is associated with an improved result regarding the endpoint 30 days' survival/discharged alive in cases of OHCA caused by cardiac events and intoxication. These two groups account for 81% of the resuscitation patients in the study. Because there was also a tendency towards higher survival rates following OHCA of other causes (except hypoxia), laypersons should continue to be encouraged to attempt resuscitation in all cases of OHCA, whatever the cause.PMID:33637167 | DOI:10.3238/arztebl.2020.0871 (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - February 27, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Holger G ässler Matthias Helm Bj örn Hossfeld Matthias Fischer Source Type: research

MEDIASTinal staging of non-small cell lung cancer by endobronchial and endoscopic ultrasonography with or without additional surgical mediastinoscopy (MEDIASTrial): a statistical analysis plan
Invasive mediastinal nodal staging is recommended by guidelines in selected patients with resectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Endosonography is recommended as initial staging technique, followed by ... (Source: Trials)
Source: Trials - February 27, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Jelle E. Bousema, Jouke T. Annema, Erik H. F. M. van der Heijden, Ad F. T. M. Verhagen, Marcel G. W. Dijkgraaf and Frank J. C. van den Broek Tags: Update Source Type: research

Ten-Year Outcomes of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting for Patients with Type  2 Diabetes Mellitus Suffering from Left Main Coronary Disease: A Meta-Analysis
ConclusionsDuring a long-term follow-up time period of 10  years, PCI was associated with worse clinical outcomes compared to CABG in these patients with T2DM suffering from LMCD. However, a significantly higher risk of stroke was observed with CABG. This piece of information might be vital in order to carefully choose and prevent complications following revascularization in such patients. (Source: Diabetes Therapy)
Source: Diabetes Therapy - February 27, 2021 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

EGFR and PDL1: A Match (Not) Made in Heaven —A Real-World Retrospective Analysis of PDL1 Expression in EGFR -Mutated NSCLC
ConclusionThe current study was an exploratory retrospective study; however, the results add to the growing body of evidence that PDL1 expression inEGFR-mutated NSCLC does not have any prognostic significance. Also the efficacy of EGFR TKIs is not influenced by variations in PDL1 TPS. (Source: Advances in Therapy)
Source: Advances in Therapy - February 27, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Supporting prisoners with mental health needs in the transition to RESETtle in the community: the RESET study
ConclusionThis is the first study to focus on reducing homeless for recently released prisoners with mental health needs. The RESET intervention was successful in achieving its main objective; accommodating participants in permanent housing and reducing homelessness. There was also an association between receiving the intervention and greater engagement with other services. This supports the view that secure housing is important in ensuring a positive transition from prison to the community for prisoners with mental health needs. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - February 27, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 2346: An Improved Stress-Scale Specifically Designed to Measure Stress of Women with Newly Diagnosed Breast Cancer
In conclusion, the improved NDBCSS-R can provide health professionals with an early understanding of the stress levels of women with breast cancer so that they can provide immediate medical intervention to prevent vicious cycles in a timely manner. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 27, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tso-Ying Lee Shih-Chun Hsing Chin-Ching Li Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 2340: Analysis of the Nutritional Status in Homeless People in Poland Based on the Selected Biochemical Parameters
Głuszek The aim of the study was to assess the nutritional status of adult homeless people using both anthropometric and biochemical measurements. The analysis comprised anthropometric indicators, i.e., body mass index and waist circumference, and the following biomarkers: red blood cells, hemoglobin, hematocrit, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, white blood cells, complete lymphocyte count, neutrophils-to-lymphocytes ratio, platelets-to-lymphocytes ratio, platelets-to-leukocytes ratio, C reactive protein level, serum iron concentration, serum albumin con...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 27, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Edyta Naszyd łowska Anna Cedro Edyta Suliga Dorota Kozie ł Kamila Soba ś Anna Jegier Stanis ław Głuszek Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 2336: Geospatial Analysis of COVID-19: A Scoping Review
ver Gruebner The outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 in Wuhan, China in late December 2019 became the harbinger of the COVID-19 pandemic. During the pandemic, geospatial techniques, such as modeling and mapping, have helped in disease pattern detection. Here we provide a synthesis of the techniques and associated findings in relation to COVID-19 and its geographic, environmental, and socio-demographic characteristics, following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) methodology for scoping reviews. We searched PubMed for relevant articles and discussed the r...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 27, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Munazza Fatima Kara J. O ’Keefe Wenjia Wei Sana Arshad Oliver Gruebner Tags: Review Source Type: research

Genes, Vol. 12, Pages 352: Temporal Dynamic Methods for Bulk RNA-Seq Time Series Data
Li Dynamic studies in time course experimental designs and clinical approaches have been widely used by the biomedical community. These applications are particularly relevant in stimuli-response models under environmental conditions, characterization of gradient biological processes in developmental biology, identification of therapeutic effects in clinical trials, disease progressive models, cell-cycle, and circadian periodicity. Despite their feasibility and popularity, sophisticated dynamic methods that are well validated in large-scale comparative studies, in terms of statistical and computational rigor, are less...
Source: Genes - February 27, 2021 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Oh Li Tags: Review Source Type: research

Long-term outcomes after robotic-assisted Ivor Lewis esophagectomy
We report long-term outcomes to assess the efficacy of the procedure. We performed a retrospective review of 112 consecutive patients who underwent a RAIL. Patient demographics, diagnosis, pathology, operative characteristics, post-operative complications, and long-term outcomes were documented. Descriptive statistical analysis was performed for all the variables. Primary endpoints were mortality and disease-free survival. Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were calculated using the Kaplan –Meier method. Of the 112 patients, 106 had a diagnosis of cancer, with adenocarcinoma the dominant histology ...
Source: Journal of Robotic Surgery - February 27, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Obstructed defecation syndrome associated with paradoxical puborectalis contraction: osteopathic treatment versus anal biofeedback. Results of a pilot study
ConclusionsOsteopathy is a promising treatment for dyssynergic defecation, and it can be associated with biofeedback. (Source: Techniques in Coloproctology)
Source: Techniques in Coloproctology - February 27, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

MR vessel wall imaging in tubercular meningitis
ConclusionTubercular vasculitis can be detected by VWI in the form of nodular or smooth segmental enhancement of vessel wall with or without stenosis. Incorporation of VWI in routine MR imaging can play a greater role in early detection and management of cerebrovascular complications which can help to improve prognosis of the disease. (Source: Neuroradiology)
Source: Neuroradiology - February 27, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Effect of BMI on the clinical outcome following microsurgical decompression in over-the-top technique: bi-centric study with an analysis of 744 patients
AbstractPurposeDecompression is one of the most common interventions in spinal surgery. Obesity has become an increasing issue in surgical patients. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the clinical outcome following lumbar microsurgical decompression in correlation with the patient ’s body mass index (BMI).Materials and methodsA toal of 744 patients with spinal claudication that were seen at two specialized spine centers were included in this study. All patients underwent a bilateral microsurgical decompression in over-the-top technique. Patients were allocated in 4 groups based in their BMI category: 18....
Source: European Spine Journal - February 27, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Could strain echocardiography help to assess systolic function in critically ill COVID-19 patients?
AbstractStrain echocardiography enables the automatic quantification of the global longitudinal strain (GLS), which is a direct measure of ventricular shortening during systole. In the current context of overwhelmed ICUs and clinician shortage, GLS has the advantage to be quick and easy to measure by non-experts. However, little is known regarding its value to assess bi-ventricular systolic function in critically ill COVID-19 patients. Therefore, we designed a study to compare right and left ventricular GLS with classic echo-Doppler indices of systolic function, namely the ejection fraction for the left ventricle (LVEF) an...
Source: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing - February 27, 2021 Category: Information Technology Source Type: research

Impact of a Culturally Tailored Education Intervention for African-American and Appalachian Men in Ohio
AbstractMen, particularly those of underserved groups, bear a disproportionate cancer burden. Knowledge about cancer and screening is associated with adherence to screening guidelines. However it is possible that a correlation exists between an individual ’s education attainment and ability to gain knowledge from health education. Men were recruited from Ohio counties with significant cancer disparities and asked to participate in three education sessions. Measures included a baseline survey collecting demographic information and pre- and post-inte rvention knowledge assessments about each of the topics. Pairedt test...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - February 27, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Cancers, Vol. 13, Pages 989: Immune-Related Adverse Events (irAE) in Cancer Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors (ICI) and Survival Outcomes Correlation: To Rechallenge or Not?
Conclusions: Our exploratory study did not identify significantly different survival outcomes among the Appalachian West Virginia adult cancer patients treated with ICI who developed irAE and had treatment reinitiated after interruption, when compared with those not reinitiated. (Source: Cancers)
Source: Cancers - February 27, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Heidar J. Albandar Jacob Fuqua Jasim M. Albandar Salahuddin Safi Samuel A. Merrill Patrick C. Ma Tags: Article Source Type: research

Sensors, Vol. 21, Pages 1649: Assessment of DSM Based on Radiometric Transformation of UAV Data
The objectives of this study are to assess low-cost UAV data using image radiometric transformation techniques and investigate its effects on global and local accuracy of the Digital Surface Model (DSM). This research uses UAV Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) data from 80 meters and UAV Drone data from 300 and 500 meters flying height. RAW UAV images acquired from 500 meters flying height are radiometrically transformed in Matrix Laboratory (MATLAB). UAV images from 300 meters flying height are processed for the generation of 3D point cloud and DSM in Pix4D Mapper. UAV LIDAR data are used for the acquisition of Ground C...
Source: Sensors - February 27, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Muhammad Hamid Chaudhry Anuar Ahmad Qudsia Gulzar Muhammad Shahid Farid Himan Shahabi Nadhir Al-Ansari Tags: Article Source Type: research

Statistical analysis of high performance self-compacting mortar containing ternary sand mixtures
Publication date: Available online 26 February 2021Source: Materials Today: ProceedingsAuthor(s): B. Nécira, M. Belkacem, Y. Abadou (Source: Materials Today: Proceedings)
Source: Materials Today: Proceedings - February 26, 2021 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

Chagas disease-related mortality in Colombia from 1979 to 2018: temporal and spatial trends.
CONCLUSIONS: Chagas disease remains a major public health issue in Colombia with high mortality rates in older age groups, a wide geographic distribution, regional differences, and the potential to increase. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - February 26, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Tensile, thermal degradation and water diffusion behaviour of gamma-radiation induced recycled polymer blend/rice husk composites: Experimental and statistical analysis
Publication date: Available online 26 February 2021Source: Composites Science and TechnologyAuthor(s): Ruey Shan Chen, Mohd Hafizuddin Ab Ghani, Sahrim Ahmad, Mou'ad A. Tarawneh, Sinyee Gan (Source: Composites Science and Technology)
Source: Composites Science and Technology - February 26, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: research

Statistical shape modelling for the analysis of head shape variations
Publication date: Available online 26 February 2021Source: Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial SurgeryAuthor(s): Pam Heutinck, Paul Knoops, Naiara Rodriguez Florez, Benedetta Biffi, William Breakey, Greg James, Maarten Koudstaal, Silvia Schievano, David Dunaway, Owase Jeelani, Alessandro Borghi (Source: Journal of Cranio Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cranio Maxillofacial Surgery - February 26, 2021 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELS TO ESTIMATE DYNAMIC EFFECTIVE CONNECTIVITY NETWORKS IN RESTING fMRI. A COMPARISON BETWEEN INDIVIDUALS WITH DOWN SYNDROME AND CONTROLS
Behav Brain Res. 2021 Feb 23:113188. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2021.113188. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTEmerging evidence suggests that an effective or functional connectivity network does not use a static process over time but incorporates dynamic connectivity that shows changes in neuronal activity patterns. Using structural equation models (SEMs), we estimated a dynamic component of the effective network through the effects (recursive and nonrecursive) between regions of interest (ROIs), taking into account the lag 1 effect. The aim of the paper was to find the best structural equation model (SEM) to represent dynamic effect...
Source: Brain Research - February 26, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Maria Dolores Figueroa-Jim énez Cristina Ca ñete-Massé Mar ía Carbó-Carreté Daniel Zarabozo-Hurtado Joan Gu àrdia-Olmos Source Type: research