America ’s Drinking Habits Are Killing More Young People, Study Suggests
Liver disease deaths are growing more common in the U.S. and disproportionately affecting younger Americans, according to a recent study. The paper, published in The BMJ just a day after a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report on rising liver cancer death rates, paints a troubling picture of how Americans’ drinking habits may be affecting their health. While the new study couldn’t prove causation, the researchers say drinking is likely to blame for the growing number of adults aged 24 to 35 who are dying from cirrhosis, or scarring of the liver. The researchers used deaths logged in the CDC&r...
Source: TIME: Health - July 21, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jamie Ducharme Tags: Uncategorized healthytime onetime Research Source Type: news

A traditional Chinese medicine found to be effective in treating depression
(Natural News) In a study published in the journal BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, scientists wanted to confirm if Chai Hu Shu Gan San, a traditional medicine used to treat depression in China, can indeed improve the symptoms and condition of sufferers. Like many other elements in traditional Chinese medicine, the use of Chai Hu... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - July 21, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Replacing Vacant Lots With Green Spaces Can Ease Depression In Urban Communities
(Source: NPR Health and Science)
Source: NPR Health and Science - July 20, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Rhitu Chatterjee Source Type: news

Offspring Feel Effects of Maternal Depression After Birth (CME/CE)
(MedPage Today) -- Depression during pregnancy tied to higher stress reactivity in children (Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry)
Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry - July 20, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: news

Turning Vacant Lots Into Green Spaces Can Improve Mental Health. Here ’s How
Researchers have long touted the mood-boosting effects of green space and spending time outdoors — and a new study emphasizes just how much of an impact your environment can have on your mental health. The paper, published Friday in JAMA Network Open, found an association between urban restoration efforts in Philadelphia and the mental health of city residents. “Cleaning and greening” urban lots in Philadelphia was linked to a drop in neighborhood residents feeling depressed or worthless, and a slight uptick in overall resident mental health, the study says. “Vacant lot greening is a very simple str...
Source: TIME: Health - July 20, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jamie Ducharme Tags: Uncategorized healthytime Mental Health/Psychology onetime Source Type: news

Concussed Athletes With ADHD at Heightened Risk for Persistent Mood Changes Concussed Athletes With ADHD at Heightened Risk for Persistent Mood Changes
Athletes with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) face a greater risk for developing symptoms of anxiety and depression after a concussion than their peers without ADHD, new research suggests.Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Orthopaedics Headlines)
Source: Medscape Orthopaedics Headlines - July 20, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

The role of family absolute and relative income in suicide among Chinese rural young adults: mediation effects of social support and coping strain - Zhou Q, Zhang J, Hennessy DA.
BACKGROUND: suicide is a major public health issue in China. However, research on the impact of absolute and relative economic stats on suicide is scarce among the Chinese population, particularly rural young adults. Using a case-control psychological auto... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Young Adults Source Type: news

Social support, dysfunctional coping, and community reintegration as predictors of PTSD among human trafficking survivors - Okech D, Hansen N, Howard W, Anarfi JK, Burns AC.
Human trafficking exerts psychological effects on survivors that persist after intervention, and even after community reintegration. Effects include anxiety, depression, alienation, disorientation, aggression, suicidal ideation, attention deficit, and post... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

A review of suicide prevention programs and training policies for pharmacists - Carpenter DM, Lavigne JE, Roberts CA, Zacher J, Colmenares EW.
This study's objectives were to: 1) report state training requirements for pharmacist suicide education; and 2) d... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

Risk factors for recent suicide attempts in major depressive disorder patients in China: results from a national study - Xin LM, Chen L, Su YA, Yang FD, Wang G, Fang YR, Lu Z, Yang HC, Hu J, Chen ZY, Huang Y, Sun J, Wang XP, Li HC, Zhang JB, Si TM.
Objective: To analyze the factors associated with recent suicide attempts including socio-demographic and clinical characteristics in major depressive disorder (MDD) patients in China. Methods: The data were from a nationwide sample from 13 m... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Suicide behaviour in Colombia - Acosta CAP.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: es... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Suicidality among psoriasis patients: a critical evidence synthesis - Wu KK, Armstrong AW.
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease with under-investigated and underappreciated links to psychiatric comorbidities, including anxiety, depression, and suicidality. In this review, we synthesize and discuss the literature investigating the ass... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Can greening vacant urban land improve mental health?
(JAMA Network) Physical conditions in a neighborhood matter. Trash, a lack of sidewalks and parks, and vacant or dilapidated spaces have been associated with depression, while living near green spaces has been associated with less depression, anxiety and stress. In Philadelphia, a citywide cluster randomized trial looked at whether greening vacant urban land by getting rid of trash, grading the land, planting new grass and some trees, and installing low wooden fencing could improve self-reported mental health. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - July 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Greening vacant lots reduces feelings of depression in city dwellers, Penn study finds
(University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine) Greening vacant urban land significantly reduces feelings of depression and improves overall mental health for the surrounding residents, researchers show in a new randomized, controlled study published in JAMA Network Open. The findings have implications for cities across the United States, where 15 percent of land is deemed " vacant " and often blighted or filled with trash and overgrown vegetation. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - July 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Blind dog gave autistic woman 'hope in life'
Emma Barker, 18, who has autism and depression, says adopting a dog "saved her life". (Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition)
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - July 20, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

WATCH: Parents record 11-year-old son's battle with rage, depression, anxiety and seizures
One doctor told Parker Barnes' parents that his change in behavior may be caused by something called PANDAS. (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - July 19, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: 2020 Source Type: news

Frequent solitary drinking mediates the associations between negative affect and harmful drinking in emerging adults - Bilevicius E, Single A, Rapinda KK, Bristow LA, Keough MT.
INTRODUCTION: Depression and anxiety are highly comorbid conditions that are associated with harmful drinking. Social learning theory proposes that depressed or anxious individuals learn that drinking can reduce negative affect, which makes them susceptibl... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Postincident interpersonal difficulty among adolescent victims of violent crime - Phillips JB.
Adolescents are exposed to high levels of violence in the United States. Exposure to violence at this point in the life course can have both short- and long-term consequences for young victims that include socioemotional distress and depression, substance ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Reducing health risk behaviors and improving depression in adolescents: a randomized controlled trial in primary care clinics - Bai S, Zeledon LR, D'Amico EJ, Shoptaw S, Avina C, LaBorde AP, Anderson M, Fitzpatrick OM, Asarnow JR.
OBJECTIVE: Primary care (PC) is a major service delivery setting that can provide preventive behavioral health care to youths. To explore the hypothesis that reducing health risk behaviors (HRBs) would lower depressive symptoms, and that health risk and de... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Examining co-patterns of depression and alcohol misuse in emerging adults following university graduation - Frohlich JR, Rapinda KK, O'Connor RM, Keough MT.
Depression and alcohol use disorders are highly comorbid. Typically, alcohol use peaks in emerging adulthood (e.g., during university), and many people also develop depression at this time. Self-medication theory predicts that depressed emerging adults dri... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Young Adults Source Type: news

Suicide: an unrecognized epidemic among farmers - Jones MS, Reed DB, Hunt ML.
Stress and depression are prevalent among farmers, and suicide has reached epidemic status. Occupational health nurses are in key positions to recognize these mental health issues and use strategies to control this epidemic. Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

Impact of trauma on suicide prevention helpline operators - Laimou D.
Based on the clinical experience acquired with suicide prevention helplines, it is possible to examine how the clinician experiences the interaction. Taking into account certain aspects of the caller-operator relationship is indeed essential for the improv... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Exercise addiction is associated with emotional distress in injured and non-injured regular exercisers - Lichtenstein MB, Nielsen RO, Gudex C, Hinze CJ, J ørgensen U.
INTRODUCTION: Exercise addiction is characterized by the use of physical activity to cope with emotions and mood, while sports injuries can lead to psychological distress such as depression and anxiety. The aim of the present study was to investigate the a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Recreational and Sports Issues Source Type: news

"I can't crack the code": what suicide notes teach us about experiences with mental illness and mental health care - Furqan Z, Sinyor M, Schaffer A, Kurdyak P, Zaheer J.
OBJECTIVE: While mental illness is a risk factor for suicidal behaviour and many suicide decedents receive mental health care prior to death, there is a comparative lack of research that explores their experiences of mental illness and care. Suicide notes ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

High risk of suicide among high-school learners in uMgungundlovu District, KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa - Khuzwayo N, Taylor M, Connolly C.
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, suicide affects the most vulnerable populations, including adolescents and young adults. It is estimated that suicide will contribute more than 2% to the global burden of disease by 2020. Information about the prevalence of suicidal ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Factors contributing to cancer-related suicide: a study of root-cause analysis reports - Aboumrad M, Shiner B, Riblet N, Mills PD, Watts BV.
OBJECTIVE: Vast efforts are directed toward curing or prolonging the life of patients with cancer. However, less attention is given to mental health aspects of cancer care, and there is elevated incidence of death by suicide in this population. Evaluating ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Atypical and severe nonsuicidal self-injury as an indicator of severe psychopathology: findings from a sample of high-risk community mental health clients - Hom MA, Rogers ML, Schneider ME, Chiurliza B, Doerfler LA, Walsh BW, Joiner TE.
This study examined whether atypical/severe nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI; e.g., foreign body ingestion, cutting necessitating sutures) serves as a marker of severe psychopathology among 467 adult community mental health clients (n = 33 with an atypical/se... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

The neural basis of fear promotes anger and sadness counteracts anger - Zhan J, Ren J, Sun P, Fan J, Liu C, Luo J.
In contrast to cognitive emotion regulation theories that emphasize top-down control of prefrontal-mediated regulation of emotion, in traditional Chinese philosophy and medicine, different emotions are considered to have mutual promotion and counteraction ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Predictors of lifetime suicide attempts in individuals with attenuated psychosis syndrome - Zuschlag ZD, Korte JE, Hamner M.
This study aimed to meet this need by examining potential risk fac... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

High serum levels of tenascin-C are associated with suicide attempts in depressed patients - Peng R, Dai W, Li Y.
The proteomic study reported that Tenascin-C might be a diagnostic biomarker for major depressive disorder, but clinical studies of this potential relationship are lacking. Here we examined the association between tenascin-C levels in serum and suicide att... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

How Beef Jerky Might Affect the Risk of Mania
Scientists are learning that certain foods — either because of their natural ingredients or because of added chemicals — can have significant effects on health. One way in which food can exert this influence health is through inflammation, which is triggered by the immune system and may have an impact on the risk of developing a number of chronic conditions. Plenty of foods contribute to inflammation, from sugar to saturated fat. But in a new study, cured meats are under scrutiny. They usually contain nitrates, a group of chemicals used as a preservative to cure meats like jerky, meat sticks and hot dogs, and...
Source: TIME: Health - July 19, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Alice Park Tags: Uncategorized Diet/Nutrition healthytime Source Type: news

WTC - Related PTSD May Up Risk for Stroke, MI in Clean - Up Crew
Similar magnitude of risk in men and women, independent of depression (Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry)
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry - July 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cardiology, Neurology, Pathology, Psychiatry, Journal, Source Type: news

OncoBreak: Cannabinoids for Cancer; Preventing Suicide; Dinner Time and Cancer
(MedPage Today) -- News, features, and commentary about cancer-related issues (Source: MedPage Today Public Health)
Source: MedPage Today Public Health - July 19, 2018 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Improving Care to Prevent Suicide among People with Serious Mental Illness - A Workshop
September 11 - 12, 2018, Washington DC. (Source: HSR Information Central)
Source: HSR Information Central - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

It's Up to Us to Prevent Trainee Docs' Suicide
(MedPage Today) -- Achieveable steps to end the epidemic (Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry)
Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry - July 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: news

Depression during pregnancy linked to altered stress response in children
New research published inPsychoneuroendocrinology reports that children born to women with depression present an altered biological stress response.Healio (Source: Society for Endocrinology)
Source: Society for Endocrinology - July 19, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: news

The lure of death: suicide and human evolution - Humphrey N.
At some point in evolutionary history, human beings came to understand, as no non-human animals do, that death brings to an end a person's bodily and mental presence in the world. A potentially devastating consequence was that individuals, seeking to escap... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

The benefits and risks of asking research participants about suicide: a meta-analysis of the impact of exposure to suicide-related content - Blades CA, Stritzke WGK, Page AC, Brown JD.
One obstacle potentially hindering research on suicide is the assumption that assessing suicide may make individuals more likely to engage in suicidal thoughts or behaviours; a concern expressed by ethics committees, researchers, and clinicians. However, d... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

The associations between non-suicidal self-injury and first onset suicidal thoughts and behaviors - Kiekens G, Hasking P, Boyes M, Claes L, Mortier P, Auerbach RP, Cuijpers P, Demyttenaere K, Green JG, Kessler RC, Myin-Germeys I, Nock MK, Bruffaerts R.
BACKGROUND: Theoretical and empirical literature suggests that non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is an important correlate of suicide risk. The present study was designed to evaluate: (a) whether NSSI is associated with increased odds of subsequent onsets of... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in persons with gender dysphoria - Garc ía-Vega E, Camero A, Fernández M, Villaverde A.
The objective of this research is to anal... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Proopiomelanocortin (POMC) sequencing and developmental delay: preliminary evidence for a SNP in the 3' UTR region of the POMC gene-Possible relevance for biological risk and self-injurious behavior - Damerow JA, Tervo RC, Ehrhardt M, Panoskaltsis-Mortari A, Symons FJ.
The proopiomelanocortin (POMC) molecule has been implicated in models of self-injurious behavior (SIB) in neurodevelopmental disorders, but it has never been specifically sequenced in search of base specific polymorphisms. The empirical focus of this preli... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Mood instability contributes to impulsivity, non-suicidal self-injury, and binge eating/purging in people with anxiety disorders - Peters EM, Bowen R, Balbuena L.
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether mood instability in people with anxiety disorders contributes to trait impulsivity, non-suicidal self-injury, and binge eating/purging. METHODS: Data were analysed from a general popula... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

The integrated motivational-volitional model of suicidal behaviour - O'Connor RC, Kirtley OJ.
Suicide is a major public health concern accounting for 800 000 deaths globally each year. Although there have been many advances in understanding suicide risk in recent decades, our ability to predict suicide is no better now than it was 50 years ago. The... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Medical students' perspectives on euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide and their views on legalising these practices in South Africa - Jacobs RK, Hendricks M.
BACKGROUND: Euthanasia/physician-assisted suicide have been a controversial and sometimes taboo topic for a long time, not only in South Africa (SA) but also internationally. A recent (SA) judicial case has seen the topic debated again. Consensus on accept... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Laryngohyoid fractures in suicidal hanging: a prospective autopsy study with an updated review and critical appraisal - Z átopková L, Janik M, Urbanová P, Mottlová J, Hejna P.
Laryngohyoid fractures in hanging victims are one of the most studied and paradoxically contradictory topics in forensic pathology. According to literary sources, the incidence of laryngohyoid fractures in hanging varies significantly, from 0% to 100%. To ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Drowning, Suffocation Source Type: news

Relationship between fatigue after acquired brain injury and depression, injury localization and aetiology: an explorative study in a rehabilitation setting - Holmqvist A, Lindstedt MB, M öller MC.
This study investigates whether injury localization, diagnosis and depression are related to self-rat... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Increased burden of suicidality among young street-involved sex workers who use drugs in Vancouver, Canada - Barker B, Hadland SE, Dong H, Shannon K, Kerr T, Debeck K.
This study sought to evaluate if street-involved youth who engage in sex work were at an elevated risk for attempting suicide. ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Depression, violence and cortisol awakening response: a 3-year longitudinal study in adolescents - Yu R, Branje S, Meeus W, Cowen P, Fazel S.
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence of links between depression and violent outcomes, potential moderators of this association remain unknown. The current study tested whether a biological marker, cortisol, moderated this association in a longitudinal sample of a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Drugs alone won't fix our epidemic of depression | James S Gordon
To fight a rising tide of depression and suicide, psychiatrists need to do more than just fill patients up with pillsThe New York Times recently published an important investigative reportshining a long-overdue light on the painful, sometimes disabling experience of withdrawing from antidepressants – drugs that millions of Americans have been taking, sometimes for decadesThe recent deaths ofKate Spade andAnthony Bourdain threw into stark relief the human toll that depression can take. But the problem is complex, with multiple factors. We are seeing a striking increase in the number of Americans diagnosed with depress...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - July 19, 2018 Category: Science Authors: James S Gordon Tags: Depression Science Mental health Medicine Source Type: news

App, Brief Intervention may be Lifesaver for Suicidal Teens
A troubled teenager is hospitalized with suicidal thoughts. The patient is diagnosed, medicated, and counseled by a team of experts. The teen is sent home a few days later, and the following week the parent finds the child's bedsheets fashioned into a noose. The scenario is tragically common in the field of psychiatry, which has long struggled to develop strategies to help adolescents cope with recurring thoughts of suicide in the weeks after leaving the hospital. (Source: eHealth News EU)
Source: eHealth News EU - July 19, 2018 Category: Information Technology Tags: Featured Research Research and Development Source Type: news