Failure to tackle suicide inequalities across Europe - Das-Munshi J, Thornicroft G.
SummaryIn this issue, Lorant et al. confirm a social gradient in risk of suicide, across 15 European countries, over a period of marked social change. Understanding contextual and life-course factors, and acknowledging under-funding for mental health and f... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

Using baseline data to predict chronic PTSD 48-months after mothers report intimate partner violence: outcomes for mothers and the intergenerational impact on child behavioral functioning - Maddoux J, McFarlane J, Symes L, Fredland N, Feder G.
Worldwide one in three women report intimate partner violence. Many of these women report long term mental health problems, especially PTSD, which is associated with negative problem solving, isolation, somatization, depression, and anxiety. Children are i... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Suicide by plastic bag suffocation combined with the mixture of citric acid and baking soda in an adolescent - Murakami K, Kawaguchi T, Hashizume Y, Kitamura K, Okada M, Okumoto K, Sakamoto S, Ishida Y, Nosaka M, Kimura A, Takatsu A, Kondo T.
We describe a case of suicidal asphyxiation using a plastic bag combined with carbon dioxide (CO2) gas. A 20-year-old male, whose head was covered with a plastic bag, was found dead in his room. In the plastic bag, there were two glass-made cups... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Isolating the association of sleep, depressive state, and other independent indicators for suicide ideation in United States teenagers - Whitmore LM, Smith TC.
This study uses multivariable logistic regression to investigate the independent relati... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Gendered mechanisms underlie the relation between pubertal timing and adult depressive symptoms - Beltz AM.
PURPOSE: Sex differences in depression emerge in adolescence, in concert with puberty. Off-time maturers, especially early-maturing girls, report more depressive symptoms than their same-sex peers. Recent evidence shows that these pubertal timing effects p... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Estimated prevalence of psychiatric comorbidities in U.S. adolescents with depression by race/ethnicity, 2011-2012 - Weller BE, Blanford KL, Butler AM.
This study estimated the national prevalence of comorbidit... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Associations of drug use, violence, and depressive symptoms with sexual risk behaviors among women with alcohol misuse - Lee K, Hutton HE, Lesko CR, Monroe AK, Alvanzo A, McCaul ME, Chander G.
BACKGROUND: Alcohol misuse is associated with increased human immunodeficiency virus sexual risk behaviors by women. Drug use, intimate partner violence (IPV), and depressive symptoms frequently co-occur, are well-recognized alcohol misuse comorbidities, a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Associations between korean adolescents' energy drink consumption and suicidal ideation and attempts - Kim JS, Kim K, Seo Y.
This study examined associations between caffeinated energy drink consumption patterns and (1) participant characteristics and health-risk behaviors and (2) suicidal ideation and attempts in Korean adolescents. METHODS: Participants includ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

An enquiry into young men at risk of suicide in the UK - van Sabben E, Paulsen-Becejac L.
Men are at a higher risk of suicide; 70% of people who die by suicide are men. By exploring some of the reasons behind suicide in young men aged 15-29 years old, this article will look at not just the influence of perceived physical strength, but also thei... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

NIH study explains why opioid therapy may not always work well for chronic pain
Researchers have shown that pain-induced changes in the rat brain ’s opioid receptor system may explain the limited effectiveness of opioid therapy in chronic pain and may play a role in the depression that often accompanies it. These findings clearly show the impact of chronic pain on the brain and its relation to depression. (Source: NCCAM Featured Content)
Source: NCCAM Featured Content - May 24, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: NCCIH Source Type: news

Pain-Induced Changes in the Brain ’s Opioid System May Explain the Limited Effectiveness of Opioid Therapy in Chronic Pain
Animal research suggests pain-induced changes in the brain ’s opioid receptor system may explain the limited effectiveness of opioid therapy in chronic pain; these changes also may play a role in the depression that often accompanies chronic pain. (Source: NCCAM Featured Content)
Source: NCCAM Featured Content - May 24, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: NCCIH Source Type: news

African Americans and Latinos are more likely to be at risk for depression than Whites
Study examines the relationship between unhealthy behaviors, chronic stress, and risk of depression by race and ethnicity. (Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases)
Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases - May 24, 2018 Category: American Health Source Type: news

NIH study explains why opioid therapy may not always work well for chronic pain
Findings show the impact of chronic pain on the brain and its relation to depression. (Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases)
Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases - May 24, 2018 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Major Depression in Males May Lower Chances of Conception
Active major depression in women not associated with negative fertility outcomes (Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry)
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry - May 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Endocrinology, Gynecology, Psychiatry, Urology, Journal, Source Type: news

Nurse-Led ICU Intervention Improves Family Communication
(MedPage Today) -- Surrogates'levels of anxiety/depression remained unchanged, however (Source: MedPage Today Primary Care)
Source: MedPage Today Primary Care - May 24, 2018 Category: Primary Care Source Type: news

Mental health statistics for England: prevalance, services and funding
How common are mental health problems? How long do people wait to access therapy for depression and anxiety? Do mental health services work for everyone? How much is spent on mental health services? (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 24, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Alzheimer's Risk Allele Linked to PTSD, Depression After TBI Alzheimer's Risk Allele Linked to PTSD, Depression After TBI
While a link has previously been shown between the APOE epsilon 4 genetic variant and neuropathology, new research suggests it also elevates risk for psychiatric symptoms after TBI.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - May 24, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Loud music and depression could trigger dementia by ageing the brain
Two studies from the University of Sussex and Ohio State University say those with depression or a hearing loss are at higher risk of developing dementia because their brains age too early. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - May 24, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

The most effective antidepressants for adults revealed in major review
The review provides new evidence which may help people decide which antidepressant to choose first-line for moderate to severe depression. However, it did not assess antidepressants compared to other treatments such as cognitive behavioural therapy, or treatments in combination. Though there are some concerns over items not reported by individual trials, this review is likely to be reliable. It is extensive, included only controlled double blind trials and searched successfully for unpublished trials. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 24, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Major Depression in Males May Lower Chances of Conception
THURSDAY, May 24, 2018 -- Active major depression (MD) in the male partner may lower the likelihood of pregnancy, according to a study published in the May issue of Fertility& Sterility. Emily A. Evans-Hoeker, M.D., from Virginia Tech Carilion... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - May 24, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Are smartphones causing more teen suicides?
Increases in depression and suicide appeared among teens in 2012 – the same time smartphone ownership became the normAround 2012, something started going wrong in the lives of teens.In just the five years between 2010 and 2015, the number of US teens who felt useless and joyless –classic symptoms of depression– surged 33% in large national surveys. Teen suicide attempts increased 23%. Even more troubling, the number of 13 to 18-year-olds who committed suicide jumped 31%.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - May 24, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Jean Twenge, for The Conversation Tags: Mental health Youth justice Children Science Technology Young people Society US news Source Type: news

Adolescents with hay fever have higher rates of anxiety and depression
(American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology) An article published in Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology shows allergies can have serious, far-reaching consequences, especially on adolescent sufferers. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - May 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

African-Americans and Latinos are more likely to be at risk for depression than whites
(NIH/National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities) A new study published in the May 2018 issue of Preventive Medicine shows that African-Americans and Latinos are significantly more likely to experience serious depression than whites, but chronic stress does not seem to explain these differences. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - May 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Kaiser Permanente researchers develop new models for predicting suicide risk
(Kaiser Permanente) Combining data from electronic health records with results from standardized depression questionnaires better predicts suicide risk in the 90 days following either mental health specialty or primary care outpatient visits, reports a team from the Mental Health Research Network, led by Kaiser Permanente research scientists. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - May 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

A New Study Links Antidepressants to Weight Gain
A new study published in The BMJ has found that antidepressant use may be associated with weight gain over time. “Patients who were normal weight were more likely to transition to overweight, and overweight patients were more likely to transition to obesity if they were treated with antidepressants,” said study co-author Rafael Gafoor, a primary care and public health researcher at King’s College London, in an email to TIME. The researchers used data from the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink, a large collection of electronic health records. Their analysis included almost 295,000 people of all differ...
Source: TIME: Health - May 23, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jamie Ducharme Tags: Uncategorized healthytime Mental Health/Psychology onetime Source Type: news

App helps new and deaf parents know when and why their baby is crying
This study is unique because it brings the lab to the participant instead of the participant to the lab,” Anderson says. “It’s open to anyone willing to download the Chatterbaby app on their iPhone or Android devices, record five seconds of their baby’s cries, then upload it to the databa se.”This research was supported by NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Science, the UCLA Clinical and Translational Science Institute, the Autism Center for Excellence, the Semel Institute at UCLA and the Burroughs Wellcome Fund.Journalists: B-roll, sound bites, web elements, high-resolution still...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - May 23, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Missing CDC worker's death was a suicide by drowning, medical examiner rules
The CDC worker who was missing for nearly two months before his body was found in a river in Atlanta died of suicide by drowning, the Fulton County Chief Medical Examiner Dr. Jan Gorniak told CNN Wednesday. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - May 23, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Restless Sleep and Activity Intertwined in OA
(MedPage Today) -- Association partially mediated by lack of energy and depression (Source: MedPage Today Primary Care)
Source: MedPage Today Primary Care - May 23, 2018 Category: Primary Care Source Type: news

Are You Concerned About the High Rate of Physician Suicide? Are You Concerned About the High Rate of Physician Suicide?
Physician suicide rates are twice that of the general population, with one completed suicide daily.Medscape Reader Polls (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - May 23, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

Nightmares Are Scary. But Are They Bad For Your Health?
You’re freaked out. A strange person or animal—or thing—is pursuing you. It draws nearer, but you wake up just before it has the chance to get you. It may sound like a cliché. But experts who study nightmares say this is a pretty typical bad-dream scenario. “There’s often some threat of death or injury or annihilation, and you’re trying to escape,” says Tore Nielsen, a professor of psychiatry at the University of Montreal and director of the Dream and Nightmare Laboratory there. If you’ve experienced a traumatic event—a car accident, maybe, or military combat&mda...
Source: TIME: Health - May 23, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Markham Heid Tags: Uncategorized healthytime Mental Health/Psychology Source Type: news

Electroencephalographic and cardiovascular markers of vulnerability within families of suicidal adolescents: a pilot study - Kaufman EA, Crowell SE, Coleman J, Puzia ME, Gray DD, Strayer DL.
Suicide, self-injury, and predisposing vulnerabilities aggregate in families. Those at greatest risk often show deficits in two biologically-mediated domains: behavioral control and emotion regulation. This pilot study explored electroencephalographic and ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Intimate partner violence and mental health among transgender/gender nonconforming adults - Henry RS, Perrin PB, Coston BM, Calton JM.
There is significant evidence to suggest that intimate partner violence (IPV) is associated with mental health problems including anxiety and depression. However, this research has almost exclusively been conducted through heteronormative and cisgender len... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Young Adults Source Type: news

Effect of insomnia treatments on depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis - Gebara MA, Siripong N, DiNapoli EA, Maree RD, Germain A, Reynolds CF, Kasckow JW, Weiss PM, Karp JF.
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is frequently co-morbid with depression, with a bidirectional relationship between these disorders. There is evidence that insomnia-specific interventions, such as cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia, may lead to improvements in ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Phys Ed: Are You a ‘ Type D ’ Athlete? Relax and Ask for Help
If you ’ re more Eeyore than Tigger when it comes to sports, reach out and elicit suggestions. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - May 23, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: GRETCHEN REYNOLDS Tags: Athletics and Sports Anxiety and Stress Winnie-the-Pooh (Fictional Character) Psychology and Psychologists Depression (Mental) Source Type: news

Depression speeds up brain aging, find psychologists
(University of Sussex) Psychologists at the University of Sussex have found a link between depression and an acceleration of the rate at which the brain ages. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Researchers challenge genetic tests for guiding psychiatric treatment
(McLean Hospital) The paper reviewed the scientific basis and effectiveness of pharmacogenetic (Pgen) tests in guiding the choices and doses of psychiatric medications for treating major depressive disorder (MDD) and related psychiatric conditions. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

"Striking" role of race seen in kids ’ suicide risk
New research reveals the suicide rate among black children is roughly two times higher than that of white children (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - May 22, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Death of CDC worker who drowned ruled a suicide
Authorities: Death of a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention employee whose body was found in an river in Atlanta has been ruled a suicide (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - May 22, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Age - Related Racial Disparity Examined in Childhood Suicide
Significantly higher incidence of suicide for black children aged 5 to 12; lower rate for black teens (Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry)
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry - May 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Family Medicine, Nursing, Pediatrics, Psychiatry, Journal, Source Type: news

Fetal MRI can spot early brain abnormality
MRI scans can reliably detect a severe brain condition in fetuses as early...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: MRI shows maternal depression meds affect babies' brains 3T MRI fetal scans should not affect newborns' hearing Shorter PET/MRI scans feasible for pediatric cancer patients Pediatric MRI safety needs to target youngest patients Pediatric-friendly MRI can enhance sedation (Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines)
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - May 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: news

Suicide attempts and clinical correlates in patients with bipolar I vs II disorder - Vismara M, Grancini B, Cremaschi L, Oldani L, Arici C, De Carlo V, Miller S, Ketter TA, Altamura AC, Dell'osso B.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

A holistic approach to factors affecting depression in haemodialysis patients - Gerogianni G, Kouzoupis A, Grapsa E.
Depression in dialysis populations is affected by co-morbid diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and immune dysfunction, and it also includes high suicide risk and frequent hospitalizations. Depressive disorders have a close association with... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Risk profile of young people admitted to hospital for suicidal behaviour in Melbourne, Australia - Borschmann R, Stark P, Prakash C, Sawyer SM.
AIM: Self-harm and suicidal behaviour is most prevalent during adolescence, but little is known about the risk profile of adolescents admitted to hospital for suicidal behaviour. Young people who self-harm are at an increased risk of mortality compared to ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

App helps hearing-impaired parents know when and why their baby is crying
This study is unique because it brings the lab to the participant instead of the participant to the lab,” Anderson says. “It’s open to anyone willing to download the Chatterbaby app on their iPhone or Android devices, record five seconds of their baby’s cries, then upload it to the databa se.”This research was supported by NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Science, the UCLA Clinical and Translational Science Institute, the Autism Center for Excellence, the Semel Institute at UCLA and the Burroughs Wellcome Fund.Journalists: B-roll, sound bites, web elements, high-resolution still...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - May 22, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

I didn’t realise I was depressed until it was too late
FIVE years ago I was broken. At the time I was the Metropolitan Police Borough Commander for Southwark in south London. (Source: Daily Express - Health)
Source: Daily Express - Health - May 22, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Age-Related Racial Disparity Examined in Childhood Suicide
TUESDAY, May 22, 2018 -- For childhood suicide, there is a significant age-related racial disparity, according to a research letter published online May 21 in JAMA Pediatrics. Jeffrey A. Bridge, Ph.D., from The Ohio State University in Columbus, and... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - May 22, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Watch the Virtual Reality Recreation of the LSD Trip That Inspired the Whole Earth Catalog
In the spring of 1966, Stewart Brand did 100 micrograms of LSD and sat on top of a roof in San Francisco. Perched there, he looked toward a curved horizon and imagined the spherical Earth and just how limited resources on our planet are. Out of that psychedelic drug-induced vision, he developed the Whole Earth theory. He campaigned for NASA to release satellite images of the Earth, and created the influential and generation-defining Whole Earth Catalog. Author Michael Pollan explored the mysterious effects that psychedelic drugs like LSD have on the human mind in his latest book How to Change Your Mind: What the New Scienc...
Source: TIME: Health - May 22, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: TIME Staff Tags: Uncategorized onetime Virtual Reality Source Type: news

The Intersection of Opioid Abuse, Overdose, and Suicide: Understanding the Connections
June 5, 2018 3:00-4:30pm ET. (Source: HSR Information Central)
Source: HSR Information Central - May 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

In brain stimulation therapy less might be more
(Bar-Ilan University) Theoretical and experimental results demonstrate a new insight for optimizing rTMS, one of the common non-invasive magnetic brain stimulation therapies used to treat brain disorders such as depression and neuropathic pain. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - May 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Under age 13, suicide rates are roughly double for black children vs. white children
(Carnegie Mellon University) A new study published in JAMA Pediatrics shows that racial disparities in suicide rates are age-related. Specifically, suicide rates for black children aged 5-12 were roughly two times higher than those of similarly aged white children. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - May 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news