Cross Journal Call for Papers on Opioids and Respiratory Depression
Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2024 May 21. doi: 10.1152/ajplung.00148.2024. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:38771125 | DOI:10.1152/ajplung.00148.2024 (Source: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology)
Source: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology - May 21, 2024 Category: Cytology Authors: Thiago S Moreira Nicholas J Burgraff Larissa A Shimoda Ana C Takakura Jan-Marino Ramirez Source Type: research

Clinical Characteristics and Frequency of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Exacerbations in Korean Patients: Findings From the KOCOSS Cohort 2012-2021
CONCLUSION: Findings from this Korean cohort of patients with COPD indicated a high exacerbation burden, which may be attributable to the unique characteristics of the study population and suboptimal disease management. This highlights the need to align clinical practices with the latest treatment recommendations to alleviate AECOPD burden in Korea.TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05750810.PMID:38769923 | DOI:10.3346/jkms.2024.39.e164 (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - May 21, 2024 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Chin Kook Rhee Joon Young Choi Yong-Bum Park Kwang Ha Yoo Source Type: research

Evaluation of peripheral inflammatory parameters of cases with suicide attempts
DISCUSSION: Based on the results obtained, it was considered that paying attention to inflammation parameters in patient follow-ups, and monitoring of SII, NLR, BLR, and NAR values of patients who had attempted suicide once would be beneficial in preventing future suicide attempts. These results strengthen the idea that inflammatory processes play roles in the pathophysiology of suicidal behavior. However, further studies are needed to elucidate the complex pathophysiological mechanisms of immune pathways underlying suicidal behavior.PMID:38772127 | DOI:10.1016/j.jpsychires.2024.05.021 (Source: Cell Research)
Source: Cell Research - May 21, 2024 Category: Cytology Authors: N ülüfer Kılıç G ülay Taşcı Şuheda Kaya Filiz Özsoy Source Type: research

Global, regional, and national temporal trend in burden of major depressive disorder from 1990 to 2019: An analysis of the global burden of disease study
In this study, we aim to estimate the burden of MDD in terms of incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability (YLDs), along with its attributable risk factors at global, regional, and rational level between 1990 and 2019, using data from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2019. Data analysis was completed on July 1, 2023. In 2019, 274.80 million (95 % uncertainty interval [UI], 241.28 to 312.77) new cases of MDD were identified globally, with an increase of 59 % from 1990. A total of 37.20 million (25.65 to 51.22) YLDs were attributable to MDD, accounting for the largest proportion of ...
Source: Cell Research - May 21, 2024 Category: Cytology Authors: Guangcan Yan Yafeng Zhang Shanjie Wang Yun Yan Meina Liu Maoyi Tian Wei Tian Source Type: research

Psychiatry Resident Physicians Experience Personal and Professional Grief, Burnout and Depression: Results From a National Survey
CONCLUSIONS: Non-pathological grief was correlated with burnout and depression. 14% to 20% of psychiatry residents reported clinically significant levels of burnout and depression. Future studies should aim to further characterize burnout, depression, and grief in larger samples of trainees.PMID:38769771 | DOI:10.1177/10499091241256106 (Source: The American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care)
Source: The American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care - May 21, 2024 Category: Palliative Care Authors: Gregg Robbins-Welty Morgan Nakatani Ye Kyung Song Paul Riordan Carl Pieper Meghan Price Connie Scoggins Anthony Galanos Source Type: research

Clinical Characteristics and Frequency of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Exacerbations in Korean Patients: Findings From the KOCOSS Cohort 2012-2021
CONCLUSION: Findings from this Korean cohort of patients with COPD indicated a high exacerbation burden, which may be attributable to the unique characteristics of the study population and suboptimal disease management. This highlights the need to align clinical practices with the latest treatment recommendations to alleviate AECOPD burden in Korea.TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05750810.PMID:38769923 | DOI:10.3346/jkms.2024.39.e164 (Source: J Korean Med Sci)
Source: J Korean Med Sci - May 21, 2024 Category: General Medicine Authors: Chin Kook Rhee Joon Young Choi Yong-Bum Park Kwang Ha Yoo Source Type: research

Comorbid anxiety and depression in intestinal failure and colorectal patients
Aims (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - May 21, 2024 Category: Nutrition Authors: Dr Sophie White, Miss Sally Watts, Mrs Lisa Gemmell, Dr Adam Jan, Mr Fintan Bergin Source Type: research

Modular multimodal hospital-home chain physical activity rehabilitation programme (3M2H-PARP) in liver cancer: a protocol for a randomised controlled trial
Introduction Patients with liver cancer are susceptible to experiencing a decline in muscle mass and function, which can lead to physical frailty and have a negative impact on prognosis. However, there is currently a lack of physical activity interventions specifically tailored for these patients. Therefore, we have developed a modular multimodal hospital-home chain physical activity rehabilitation programme (3M2H-PARP) designed specifically for patients with liver cancer undergoing transarterial chemoembolisation (TACE). We aim to validate the effectiveness and feasibility of this programme through a randomised controlled...
Source: BMJ Open - May 21, 2024 Category: General Medicine Authors: Chen, H., Lu, H., Zhou, H., Wu, B., Dong, Z., Zhang, S., Gu, Y., Zhou, G., Xiang, J., Yang, J. Tags: Open access, Oncology Source Type: research

Lived experiences of mothers with postnatal anxiety: a qualitative phenomenology study from Pakistan
Conclusion Despite the high prevalence of postnatal anxiety in LMICs there is not any published evidence on exploring this phenomenon through in-depth research in Pakistan. Understanding the lived experiences will help health professionals to identify women at risk of developing postnatal anxiety and to develop effective culturally appropriate interventions for women with anxiety during this postnatal period. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - May 21, 2024 Category: General Medicine Authors: Saeed, Q., Shafique, K., Chaudhry, N. Tags: Open access, Mental health Source Type: research

Intimate partner violence, depression, hazardous alcohol use, and social support among people with HIV initiating HIV care in Cameroon
by Kathryn E. L. Grimes, Peter Vanes Ebasone, Anastase Dzudie, Denis Nash, Brian W. Pence, Milton Wainberg, Marcel Yotebieng, Rogers Ajeh, Angela M. Parcesepe Intimate partner violence (IPV) has been associated with poor mental health among people with HIV (PWH) globally. Social support may be a strategy to foster mental health among PWH. Little is known about whether the relationship between IPV and mental health differs by IPV type or level of social support. Interviews were conducted with 426 PWH initiating HIV care in Cameroon. Log binomial regression analyses were used to estimate the association between four types o...
Source: PLoS One - May 21, 2024 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Kathryn E. L. Grimes Source Type: research

Moving the Needle in Low-Resource Settings
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in low resource settings is associated with low occurrence of perinatal sentinel events, growth restriction, short birth depression, early seizure onset, white matter injury, and non-acute hypoxia on whole genome expression profile suggesting that intra-partum hypoxia might be occurring from a normal or augmented labor process in an already compromised fetus. Induced hypothermia increases mortality and does not reduce brain injury. Strict adherence to the updated National Neonatology forum guidelines is essential to prevent harm from induced hypothermia in low resource settings. (Source: Cli...
Source: Clinics in Perinatology - May 21, 2024 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Reema Garegrat, Constance Burgod, Pallavi Muraleedharan, Sudhin Thayyil Source Type: research

Injuries and /or trauma due to sexual gender-based violence among survivors in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic scoping review of research evidence
ConclusionThis scoping review highlights the need for targeted interventions to address SGBV and its consequences, improve access to healthcare and support services, and enhance mental health support for survivors. Further research is required to fill existing gaps and develop evidence-based strategies to mitigate the impact of SGBV on survivors in SSA. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - May 21, 2024 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Level of perceived social support, and associated factors, in combat-exposed (ex-)military personnel: a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionHigher levels of PSS were generally associated with more positive psychosocial and mental health-related outcomes following deployment. PSS should be targeted in psychosocial interventions and education programmes. Future research should investigate PSS in (ex-)military personnel across other countries and cultures, based on the lack of studies that focused on PSS in countries outside of the US. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 21, 2024 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Factors associated with depression among war-affected population in Northeast, Ethiopia
Depression is the most common mental health outcome of exposure to war-related traumatic stressors. Due to inter-communal conflict, Dessie City residents have experienced prolonged armed conflict in 2021. This... (Source: BMC Psychiatry)
Source: BMC Psychiatry - May 21, 2024 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tamrat Anbesaw, Mulat Awoke Kassa, Wondossen Yimam, Altaseb Beyene Kassaw, Mekonnen Belete, Amare Abera, Gashaw Abebe, Nega Yimer, Mamaru Melkam and Getinet Ayano Tags: Research Source Type: research

The association between sexual orientation and psychotic like experiences during adolescence: a prospective cohort study
ConclusionWe found an increased risk of psychosis in sexual minorities compared with heterosexuals, which was present from around 12  years of age and persisted until age 24. Early interventions to prevent this mental health inequality could include universal interventions to promote inclusivity and acceptance of diverse sexual orientations. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 21, 2024 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research