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The Parasite on the Playground
Roundworm eggs, shed by stray dogs, can be ingested by children playing outside. The worm ’ s larvae have been found in the brain, experts say, perhaps impairing development. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - January 16, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: LAURA BEIL Tags: Parasites Dogs Brain Worms Playgrounds Mental Health and Disorders Clinical Infectious Diseases (Journal) SUNY Downstate Medical Center Source Type: news

Vitamin D Deficiency in Critically Ill Children Vitamin D Deficiency in Critically Ill Children
How prevalent is vitamin D deficiency among pediatric ICU patients -- and in what ways might it impact outcomes among these patients?Critical Care (Source: Medscape Critical Care Headlines)
Source: Medscape Critical Care Headlines - January 16, 2018 Category: Intensive Care Tags: Critical Care Journal Article Source Type: news

Mothers' perspective on violence against children: constructing meanings - Monteiro ACS, Fernandes ATRS, Oliveira ABM, Peixoto IVP, Pamplona MCDCA.
OBJECTIVE: To explore the construct elaborated by the mother on the meaning of violence against the child and to identify, according to the mother's perspective, which measures are most used for the prevention of this phenomenon. METHOD: This is a ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Intergenerational continuity in depression: the importance of time-varying effects, maternal co-morbid health risk behaviors and child's gender - Augustyn MB, Fulco CJ, Henry KL.
Intergenerational continuity in depressive symptoms is well established between mother and child, but there are still important facets of this relationship that are underexplored. We examine intergenerational continuity in depressive symptoms between mothe... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Chair lift falls and injuries in children - Glissmeyer EW, Metzger RR, Bolte R.
The objective of this study was to compare demographic injury and treatment characteristics of hospitalized pediatric cases of falls from chair lifts to cases of other ski and snowboarding injuries and identify potential interventions for preven... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Alcohol use in adolescence and later working memory: findings from a large population-based birth cohort - Mahedy L, Field M, Gage S, Hammerton G, Heron J, Hickman M, Munaf ò MR.
AIMS: The study aimed to examine the association between adolescent alcohol use and working memory (WM) using a large population sample. METHODS: Data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children were used to investigate the association... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

A randomized trial of home visitation for CPS-involved families: the moderating impact of maternal depression and CPS history - Jonson-Reid M, Drake B, Constantino JN, Tandon M, Pons L, Kohl P, Roesch S, Wideman E, Dunnigan A, Auslander W.
Home visitation (HV) interventions may hold promise to improve parenting and prevent child maltreatment recidivism in families reported to child protective services (CPS) with young children, but this has rarely been studied. FINDINGS are presented... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Pediatric electric bicycle injuries: the experience of a large urban tertiary care pediatric hospital - Hermon K, Capua T, Glatstein M, Scolnik D, Tavor O, Rimon A.
BACKGROUND: Electric bicycles (E-bikes) are one of a wide range of light electric vehicles that provide convenient local transportation and attractive recreational opportunities. The aim of this study was to report E-bike-related injuries in children prese... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

A cluster randomised controlled trial evaluating the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the daily mile on childhood obesity and wellbeing; the Birmingham daily mile protocol - Breheny K, Adab P, Passmore S, Martin J, Lancashire E, Hemming K, Frew E.
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity prevention is a public health priority. Children spend a large proportion of their waking time in school; therefore this is an appropriate setting to implement obesity prevention initiatives. Anecdotal reports suggest that imp... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

A qualitative study on coping behaviors and influencing factors among mothers in Japan raising children under three years old while experiencing physical and mental subjective symptoms - Kaso M, Miyazaki K, Nakayama T.
BACKGROUND: No studies illustrating the coping behaviors of mothers experiencing physical and mental subjective symptoms, or the factors that contribute to these behaviors, have been investigated. Therefore, the present study sought to develop a conceptual... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Academic and behavioral outcomes in school-age South African children following severe traumatic brain injury - Dollman AK, Figaji AA, Schrieff-Elson LE.
BACKGROUND: Children who have sustained severe traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) demonstrate a range of post-injury neurocognitive and behavioral sequelae, which may have adverse effects on their academic and behavioral outcomes and interfere with school re-... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Can we identify futility in kids? An evaluation of admission parameters predicting 100% mortality in 1292 severely injured children - Kalkwarf KJ, Jensen SD, Allukian M, Harting MT, Cox CS, Fox EE, Wade CE, Cotton BA.
BACKGROUND: Objective parameters predicting futility of care in severely injured pediatric patients are lacking. While futility of care has been investigated in a limited number of studies in trauma patients, none of these studies achieves a 100% success r... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Is contact with children related to legitimizing beliefs toward sex with children among men with pedophilia? - Geradt M, Jahnke S, Heinz J, Hoyer J.
Among pedophilic men, social contact with children has been discussed as creating a risk situation for sexual abuse. Also, pedophilic men searching for such contact are seen as harboring more beliefs legitimizing sexual contact with children. However, soci... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Examining the prospective relationship between pre-disaster respiratory sinus arrhythmia and post-disaster posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in children - Mikolajewski AJ, Scheeringa MS.
Previous studies have examined the concurrent relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and a range of psychophysiological variables, including respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). However, there is a lack of research examining the prospecti... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Language delay and externalizing problems in preschool age: a prospective cohort study - Wang MV, Aar ø LE, Ystrom E.
This study sought to examine the direction of causation between language delay and two externalizing problems; inattention and aggression. Autoregressive fixed effects models were fitted to data from 25,474 children (age 1.5 to 5  years; 50.8% boys) in the... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Mother-child coregulation of parasympathetic processes differs by child maltreatment severity and subtype - Lunkenheimer E, Busuito A, Brown KM, Skowron EA.
Parasympathetic processes appear to underlie maladaptive parent-child interactions in maltreating families, but it is unknown whether parent-child coregulation of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) differs by child maltreatment severity and subtype. RSA co... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Response time scores on a reflexive attention task predict a child's inattention score from a parent report - Lundwall RA, Sgro JF, Fanger J.
Compared to sustained attention, only a small proportion of studies examine reflexive attention as a component of everyday attention. Understanding the significance of reflexive attention to everyday attention may inform better treatments for attentional d... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Construct validity and reliability of the SARA Gait and Posture Sub-scale in early onset ataxia - Lawerman TF, Brandsma R, Verbeek RJ, van der Hoeven JH, Lunsing RJ, Kremer HPH, Sival DA.
AIM: In children, gait and posture assessment provides a crucial marker for the early characterization, surveillance and treatment evaluation of early onset ataxia (EOA). For reliable data entry of studies targeting at gait and posture improvement, uniform... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Urine Test Could Indicate Food Allergies, How Severe They Are
BOSTON (CBS) – It is estimated that 15 million Americans have an allergy to one or more foods but making the diagnosis can be somewhat painful and time consuming. But in a recent study, researchers from the University of Tokyo identified compounds in the urine of mice that can not only indicate whether a food allergy is present, but how severe the symptoms will likely be. Currently screening for food allergies involves a blood test or multiple pricks to the skin which aren’t terribly invasive but certainly can be a traumatic experience for a child. Then patients often undergo oral food challenges to determine t...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - January 15, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health Local News Syndicated Local Dr. Mallika Marshall Food Allergies Source Type: news

Ohio boy dies from the flu just hours after symptoms start
Jonah Rieben, four, became the first child in Ohio to die from the flu this season. The boy from Clayton had a genetic disorder that may have contributed to his sudden death. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - January 15, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Liquid-based sensor could cheaply monitor sick babies in remote areas
Getting medical attention to sick infants has been a longtime issue in many remote sections of the world. In fact, the World Health Organization estimates that 21,000 children under the age of five die everyday from treatable diseases, such as diarrhea and malaria.   (Source: mobihealthnews)
Source: mobihealthnews - January 15, 2018 Category: Information Technology Source Type: news

Greater screen time linked to worsening sleep quality in early childhood
(Reuters Health) - Higher use of electronic media is tied to poorer sleep quality in children as young as three, a new study from Germany suggests. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - January 15, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Cochrane seeks six senior leaders to join its vibrant Review Networks
Cochrane is creating vibrant and robust Networks of sustainable, nimble, and connected Cochrane Review Groups (CRGs) which will become the focus for the efficient and timely production of high quality systematic reviews that address the research questions that are most important to decision makers. The creation of the thematic Networksprovides an exciting opportunity for Cochrane to support a new generation of senior leaders within the organization.Following its Governing Board decision in September 2017 to approve the creation of new thematic Networks, Cochrane started a recruitment process to appointeight high-performing...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - January 15, 2018 Category: Information Technology Authors: Muriah Umoquit Source Type: news

Google and Facebook are making your kids STUPID: Access to immediate information inhibits the ability to think critically and creatively
(Natural News) When we think of the dangers of Google and Facebook for kids, we tend to worry about them stumbling across information that isn’t age-appropriate or that they will become victims of internet predators. However, there is yet another legitimate concern that not everyone takes into account and that even the best parental control... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - January 15, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Coming of age in a Snapchat world: How do I keep my child safe?
Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, Tumblr, YouTube, Snapchat, WhatsApp, Reddit. As a parent, your instinct is always to protect your child. But how 
do you protect them in the ever-evolving digital landscape? Social media has become a part of our everyday lives and is changing the way we interact with the world around us. According to a study by Common Sense Media, teenagers use an average of nine hours of entertainment media a day and tweens (ages 8-12) use an average of six hours per day. This does not include using media for school or homework. What is the long-term impact of this amount of media exposure on the developing...
Source: Thrive, Children's Hospital Boston - January 15, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Marie Reilly and Amy Young Tags: Ask the Expert Parenting Teen Health ADHD Division of Developmental Medicine social media Source Type: news

Fitbit for children rumors and other digital health briefs for 1/15/2018
Smartwatches, size extra-small. Fitbit may be looking into a version of its wearable device designed specifically for children, according to a rumor report from Bloomberg. (Source: mobihealthnews)
Source: mobihealthnews - January 15, 2018 Category: Information Technology Source Type: news

For Kids, Chronic Illness May Trigger Mental Health Issues
MONDAY, Jan. 15, 2018 -- When children learn they have a long-term illness, such as diabetes or epilepsy, they're likely to suffer emotionally, too, a small study finds. These mental health issues surface soon after the diagnosis, the Canadian... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - January 15, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Artificial intelligence, brain MRI aid kids with hearing loss
U.S. and Chinese researchers have developed a machine-learning algorithm that...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: 3T MRI fetal scans should not affect newborns' hearing SIIM: AI poised to enhance all aspects of radiology fMRI helps predict kids' language skills MRI may hurt patients with cochlear implants (Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines)
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - January 15, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: news

The Healing Edge: After Surgery in the Womb, a Baby Kicks Up Hope
Baby Boy Royce, who underwent an operation for spina bifida as a fetus, had the biggest defect that the surgical team had attempted to repair. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - January 15, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: DENISE GRADY Tags: Surgery and Surgeons Babies and Infants Texas Children's Hospital spina bifida fetal surgery Source Type: news

What Low CHIP Funds Mean for Docs and Parents
(MedPage Today) -- Providers scramble to meet kids'needs (Source: MedPage Today Public Health)
Source: MedPage Today Public Health - January 15, 2018 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Type 1 Diabetes on the Rise in China, Most New Cases in Adults Type 1 Diabetes on the Rise in China, Most New Cases in Adults
Most new cases of type 1 diabetes in China are in adults; at the same time, the incidence in children has almost quadrupled since the 1990s, according to the first population-based study across all ages.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Diabetes Headlines)
Source: Medscape Diabetes Headlines - January 15, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology News Source Type: news

Hospitals, Doctors Brace For Loss Of Children's Health Funds
More than 20 states face Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) funding shortfalls if Congress doesn ’t act this month to fund the coverage for 9 million kids, a Georgetown University report shows. (Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News)
Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News - January 15, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Bruce Japsen, Contributor Source Type: news

Kenya:How Partnerships Are Helping Cleft Lip and Palate Surgeries in Kenya
[The Conversation Africa] About 6% of all children worldwide are born with a birth defect. More than 300 000 babies with birth defects die annually within a month of being born. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - January 15, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news

How bullying in school affects a child's mental health
Teens who were severely bullied as young children face a range of mental health issues. Dr. Brian Goldman (@NightshiftMD) has an important new study. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - January 15, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Radio/White Coat, Black Art/Blog Source Type: news

If you're convinced vaccines are safe, you're not well informed... here's the information being withheld from you
(Natural News) If you’re convinced that vaccines are safe, you’re not listening to the people who’ve lost a child after a round of vaccines was administered. The U.S. government set up a special court to hear vaccine injury cases, with reparation for select victims but no accountability for vaccine makers. If you’re new to learning about... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - January 15, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Beads of Courage
Children undergoing cancer treatment receive beads to document their journey and one mum wants to expand the scheme. (Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition)
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - January 15, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

The New Health Care: Still Not Convinced You Need a Flu Shot? First, It ’ s Not All About You
Adults also need to get vaccinated to provide herd immunity for others, especially babies and older people. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - January 15, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: AARON E. CARROLL Tags: Influenza Vaccination and Immunization Deaths (Fatalities) Epidemics Children and Childhood Source Type: news

Severe Bullying Tied to Mental Health Woes in Teens
MONDAY, Jan. 15, 2018 -- Teens who were severely bullied as children are at increased risk for mental health problems and suicide attempts, a Canadian study finds. The study included data on more than 1,300 children in the province of Quebec, from... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - January 15, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Pathfinders: promoting healthy adjustment in bereaved children and families - Griese B, Burns M, Farro SA.
Pathfinders is a 10-session program developed in a community setting to creatively address the diverse needs of bereaved children and families, prevent complications of grief and trauma, and promote healthy adaptation. It is an accessible, grief-focused an... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Community-Based Prevention Source Type: news

Vital signs: Trends and disparities in infant safe sleep practices - United States, 2009-2015 - Bombard JM, Kortsmit K, Warner L, Shapiro-Mendoza CK, Cox S, Kroelinger CD, Parks SE, Dee DL, D'Angelo DV, Smith RA, Burley K, Morrow B, Olson CK, Shulman HB, Harrison L, Cottengim C, Barfield WD.
INTRODUCTION: There have been dramatic improvements in reducing infant sleep-related deaths since the 1990s, when recommendations were introduced to place infants on their backs for sleep. However, there are still approximately 3,500 sleep-related deaths a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Systematic review of drowning in India: assessment of burden and risk - Lukaszyk C, Ivers RQ, Jagnoor J.
AIM: To examine the burden and risk factors for fatal and non-fatal drowning in India. METHODS: Relevant literature was identified through a systematic search of 19 electronic databases and 19 national and global, institutional, organisational and ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Commentary on: Jiang B, Zhu F, Cao L, Presley BR, Shen MS, Yang KH. Computational study of fracture characteristics in infant skulls using a simplified finite element model. J Forensic Sci 2017;62(1):39-49 - Johnson LD, Auer R.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Barriers to physical activity in urban school children with asthma: parental perspective - Kornblit A, Cain A, Bauman LJ, Brown N, Reznik M.
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity (PA) levels are low in today's youth and may even be lower in those with asthma. Barriers to PA have not been well studied in inner-city, minority children with asthma. We conducted a qualitative study to characterize parental ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Violence and maltreatment in Tanzanian families: findings from a nationally representative sample of secondary school students and their parents - Nkuba M, Hermenau K, Hecker T.
Though the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations aim to end all forms of violence against minors, child maltreatment remains a globally prevalent phenomenon. Despite the fact that parents in numerous countries apply violent discipline methods... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The role of family functioning in parenting practices of court-involved youth - Tolou-Shams M, Brogan L, Esposito-Smythers C, Healy MG, Lowery A, Craker L, Brown LK.
Court-involved youth engage in risky sex behaviors at higher rates than non-offending peers and are at particular risk for adverse sexual health outcomes. Parenting practices, such as parent-child sexual communication and parental monitoring, may protect c... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The combination of sibling victimization and parental child maltreatment on mental health problems and delinquency - van Berkel SR, Tucker CJ, Finkelhor D.
This study examined how the combination of sibling victimization and parental child maltreatment is related to mental health problems and delinquency in childhood and adolescence. Co-occurrence, additive associations, and interactive associations of siblin... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Lifetime and past-year prevalence of children's exposure to violence in 9 Balkan countries: the BECAN study - Nikolaidis G, Petroulaki K, Zarokosta F, Tsirigoti A, Hazizaj A, Cenko E, Brkic-Smigoc J, Vajzovic E, Stancheva V, Chincheva S, Ajdukovi ć M, Rajter M, Raleva M, Trpcevska L, Roth M, Antal I, Ispanović V, Hanak N, Olmezoglu-Sofuoglu Z, Umit-Bal I, Bianchi D, Meinck F, Browne K.
BACKGROUND: Children's exposure to violence is a major public health issue. The Balkan epidemiological study on Child Abuse and Neglect project aimed to collect internationally comparable data on violence exposures in childhood. METHODS: A three st... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Differences in postural disturbances between female adolescents handball players and nontraining peers - Jandri ć SĐ.
BACKGROUND/AIM: Physical activity and sport can influence the extent of the presence of the postural disturbances in children. The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of differences in the postural disturbances in female adolescents in rela... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Child sexual abuse as a risk factor for teen dating violence: findings from a representative sample of Quebec youth - H ébert M, Moreau C, Blais M, Lavoie F, Guerrier M.
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is identified as a significant risk factor for later victimization in the context of adult intimate relationships, but less is known about the risk associated with CSA in early romantic relationships. This paper aims to document th... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Antidepressant use during pregnancy and ADHD risk in children: current knowledge - Boukhris T.
Antidepressants (ADs) are among the most frequently used medications in pregnancy. ADs can cross the placental barrier (Rampono et  al. Pharmacopsychiatry 2009;42(3):95-100, Loughhead et al. Biol Psychiatry 2006;59(3):287-90), resulting in a dysfunction o... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news