Largest study of COVID-19 transmission highlights essential role of super-spreaders
A study of 660,000 Indians finds that a few individuals spread most new infections and that children transmit the coronavirus just as well as adults. (Source: Los Angeles Times - Science)
Source: Los Angeles Times - Science - September 30, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Shashank Bengali Source Type: news

Antidepressants in children and adolescents: meta-review of efficacy, tolerability and suicidality in acute treatment - Boaden K, Tomlinson A, Cortese S, Cipriani A.
Antidepressants are prescribed for the treatment of a number of psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents, however there is still controversy about whether they should be used in this population. This meta-review aimed to assess the effects of anti... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Rape, child and abortion: from ideologization to rights violation in Brazil [letter] - Bessa MMM, Unigarro Ramirez FD, Dias E Almeida KR, da Cruz S, Rolim Neto ML.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Risk and protective factors for treatment dropout in a child maltreatment population - Eirich R, Racine N, Garfinkel D, Dimitropoulos G, Madigan S.
Many children start but do not complete trauma treatment, and there is little knowledge of factors that predict treatment dropout in children who have endured maltreatment. The current study examines the risk and protective factors associated with prematur... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Screening for childhood adversity: contemporary challenges and recommendations - Bartlett JD.
Childhood adversity is prevalent in the USA, affecting at least half of all children and youth. Growing awareness of its prevalence and harmful effects on individual health and development over the lifespan has prompted considerable interest among policyma... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Victimization and psychopathy in authors of sexual violence against children and adolescents - Teixeira JNS, Resende AC, Perissinotto R.
The aim of the present study was to investigate psychopathy traits in offenders that committed sexual offences against children and adolescents, as well as their relationship with life experiences of victimization. The study consisted of 30 inmates serving... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Adverse childhood experiences in infancy: a latent class approach exploring interrelatedness of risks - McKelvey LM, Whiteside-Mansell L, Zhang D, Selig JP.
Researchers have documented the ways in which children's parenting and home environments impact their social, emotional, and cognitive skills. There is scientific consensus that certain adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), particularly in the absence of a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Barriers to children's walking to school in Iranian and Chinese samples - Fallah Zavareh M, Abolhasannejad V, Mamdoohi AR, Nordfj ærn T.
Factors that contribute to children's walking to school have been investigated in previous research, which primarily focussed on socio-economic variables in high income countries. There is a general lack of studies which have examined mode choice differenc... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Suicide ideation and neurocognition among 9- and 10-year old children in the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study - Huber RS, Sheth C, Renshaw PF, Yurgelun-Todd DA, McGlade EC.
OBJECTIVE: During the past decade, the pediatric suicide rate has nearly tripled. Yet, little is known about suicide behavior (SB) in children. Identification of risk factors associated with SB during childhood may be critical to preventing future attempts... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

In a first, Alnylam reports success silencing genes in children
Alnylam Pharmaceuticals set the stage for another drug approval after reporting Wednesday that it successfully treated children with a rare liver and kidney disease.   Alnylam’s (Nasdaq: ALNY) latest drug candidate targets a rare disorder called primary hyperoxaluria in which a substance called oxalate can build up and cause bladder stones, kidney failure and other issues. The drug, known as lumasiran, successfully reduced that buildup in a late-stage trial of 18 children under the age of six,… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines - September 30, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Allison DeAngelis Source Type: news

Remdesivir for patients hospitalised with COVID-19 (adults and children aged 12 years and older) Supply Disruption, DHSC
Due to increased demand against available supply, clinicians are now asked to apply the full eligibility criteria as set out within interim clinical commissioning policy published 3 July 2020. Clinicians are also asked to adhere to a standard treatment course of 5 days. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - September 30, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Reporting outbreaks of coronavirus (COVID-19) , DHSC (updated 29th September 2020)
Guidance for businesses and organisations on how to recognise, contain and report incidents of coronavirus (COVID-19). 29 September 2020 Added children's homes, and courts and tribunals to list of action cards by sector. 28 August 2020 Updated with details and links to the latest'action cards'for different types of workplace. 31 July 2020 Updates have been made to the definition of an outbreak, in line with revised guidelines. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - September 30, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

The impact of COVID-19 on child health services - report, RCPCH (updated 25th September 2020)
This report shows findings from child health services across the UK about the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, from April to July 2020. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - September 30, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Angola: Malnutrition Kills Over 100 Children in Bi é
[ANGOP] Cuito -- About 144 children died in the first half of this year, victims of malnutrition, in ten controlled health units in the province of Bi é, one more death than in the same period before. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - September 30, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Zambia: Study Points to Why Some Mothers Don't Carry On Taking HIV Drugs
[The Conversation Africa] There are more than 85,000 children living with HIV in Zambia. The primary source of infection is from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is an effective strategy to eliminate these new infections. But it only works if women take their medications consistently. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - September 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Cerebral palsy also has genetic underpinnings
(Washington University School of Medicine) Scientists have identified mutations in single genes that can be responsible for at least some cases of cerebral palsy, according to a new study led by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. The study indicates that many of the mutations occur randomly and are not inherited from a child's parents. The new knowledge could help improve the diagnosis of cerebral palsy and lead to future therapies. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Coronavirus live news: 60m Indians may have contracted Covid; Disney announces mass layoffs
India ’s pandemic agency says cases may be ten times official figure; New York introduces face mask fines as positivity rates climb;Boris Johnson apologises for getting north-east England lockdown rules wrong. Follow the latest updatesGlobal coronavirus deaths pass 1m with no sign rate is slowingWalt Disney sheds 28,000 jobs at theme parks as pandemic bitesInteractive: how did we get to one million deaths?France struggles to push Covid app as neighbours race aheadSee all our coronavirus coverage1.22amBSTCharlotte Graham-McLay reports for the Guardian:New Zealand on Wednesday reported a fifth consecutive day of no new...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - September 30, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Helen Sullivan Tags: Coronavirus outbreak World news UK news Science Infectious diseases US news Australia news Microbiology Medical research Source Type: news

Trump calls out Biden, Democrats for saying “black lives matter” while supporting abortions that disproportionately kill them
(Natural News) President Trump recently took Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden to task for saying he believes “that black lives matter” while doing nothing to protect what Trump termed “the most vulnerable black lives of all: unborn children.” The remarks came in a speech in Atlanta, Georgia. Trump added that Democrats “support the unlimited abortion... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - September 30, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

New Professorship in Housing and Health
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Source: Johns Hopkins University and Health Systems Archive - September 29, 2020 Category: Nursing Source Type: news

Kids' Severe COVID-19 Reaction Bears Unique Immune Signature
The rare complication known as multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) differs from both Kawasaki disease and severe adult cases of COVID-19, a study finds. (Source: The Scientist)
Source: The Scientist - September 29, 2020 Category: Science Tags: News & Opinion Source Type: news

COVID-19 cases rising among US children as schools reopen
After preying heavily on the elderly in the spring, the coronavirus is infecting a rising number of American children and teens in a trend authorities say appears driven by school reopenings and the resumption of sports, playdates and other activities (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - September 29, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Redouble efforts  against ‘global scourge’ of gender-based violence, intensified by pandemic: Guterres 
From domestic violence to sexual abuse, online harassment and increased child marriage, gender-based violence (GBV) is “a global scourge” that is being exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic, the UN chief said on Tuesday.  (Source: UN News Centre - Women, Children, Population)
Source: UN News Centre - Women, Children, Population - September 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Survey: Front-line health workers, kids, older adults should get COVID-19 vaccine first
Front-line healthcare workers, children and older adults should receive priority if or when a COVID-19 vaccine is available, according to the result of a survey of U.S. adults published Tuesday by JAMA Network Open. (Source: Health News - UPI.com)
Source: Health News - UPI.com - September 29, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Most Parents Unaware Flu Vaccine More Important This Year Most Parents Unaware Flu Vaccine More Important This Year
"This is the year we need child health providers to...be more proactive in trying to reach their patients who aren't scheduled for those fall preventive visits," one expert said.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Allergy Headlines)
Source: Medscape Allergy Headlines - September 29, 2020 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Pediatrics News Source Type: news

Coronavirus infections among school-age kids rose in September after classes resumed
in the last 6½ months,, at least 277,285 schoolchildren in 38 states tested positive for the coronavirus, the CDC reported. Cases rose as school resumed. (Source: L.A. Times - Health)
Source: L.A. Times - Health - September 29, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Melissa Healy Source Type: news

Coronavirus infections among school-age kids rose in September after classes resumed
in the last 6½ months,, at least 277,285 schoolchildren in 38 states tested positive for the coronavirus, the CDC reported. Cases rose as school resumed. (Source: Los Angeles Times - Science)
Source: Los Angeles Times - Science - September 29, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Melissa Healy Source Type: news

Unequal impact? Coronavirus, disability and access to services: interim report on temporary provisions in the Coronavirus Act, House of Commons Women and Equalities Committee
This report looks at Care Act easement provisions and temporary Mental Health Act provisions as well as local authority duties to children and young people with special educational needs. It concludes that these provisions have the potential to substantially restrict or curtail rights that disabled people rely on for their quality of life. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - September 29, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Head lice treatment: Five simple steps for getting rid of your child’s nit infestation
HEAD lice and nits are very common in young children, and with children back at school now, many parents may be worrying. What's the best way to get rid of them - what's the best treatment to use? (Source: Daily Express - Health)
Source: Daily Express - Health - September 29, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Petition launches to get COVID tests for all education staff
UNISON has launched an emergency petition calling on Matt Hancock for all education workers to be included as one of the groups named for priority COVID-19 testing. It takes a whole team to keep schools, nurseries, colleges and universities running, but when the health secretary announced the list of workers that will be eligible for priority testing in England, in education, only ‘teaching staff’ were mentioned. This completely ignores the fact that over half of the staff in education aren’t teachers. The union is demanding that when the government announces the full details...
Source: UNISON meat hygiene - September 29, 2020 Category: Food Science Authors: Amanda Kendal Tags: Article News Covid-19 education Source Type: news

NHS hit by staff shortages due to lack of Covid tests for children
Frontline doctors forced to take time off work as they struggle to secure family coronavirus results (Source: FT.com - Drugs and Healthcare)
Source: FT.com - Drugs and Healthcare - September 29, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Letters to the Editor: Kids need to be back in school. Our only option is to end the pandemic
Sending kids to school would expose them to COVID-19, and distance learning brings its own challenges. The solution: Follow the coronavirus guidelines and end the pandemic. (Source: L.A. Times - Health)
Source: L.A. Times - Health - September 29, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Online Accountability Breakfast event calls on governments to protect women ’s, children’s and adolescents’ health during COVID-19 and beyond
Up to 2000 delegates from all over the world are expected to participate in a live event being held today alongside the UN General Assembly 2020, which will call on governments, donors, and other key actors in global development to demonstrate greater accountability for supporting and improving women ’s, children’s and adolescents’ health (WCAH) and rights during the COVID-19 crisis and beyond. The Accountability Breakfast, which is being jointly hosted by the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn& Child Health (PMNCH), White Ribbon Alliance (WRA) and Every Woman Every Child (EWEC), is happening at a pivo...
Source: WHO Maternal, Newborn and Child Health - September 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: child health [subject], children's health, children, young child, child, Press release [doctype] Source Type: news

Childhood in the time of covid, Children's Commissioner
Children must be the priority at this stage (September 2020) of the coronavirus crisis, England's Children Commissioner has said. In a new report, she calls for a recovery package to tackle a rising tide of childhood vulnerability and warned of an inter-generational crisis, with the impact of the economic fall-out of the pandemic on parents determining the future prospects of their children. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - September 29, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Assistance of health professionals to children and adolescents in situations of violence - Freitas RJM, Moura NA, Feitosa RMM, Lima DWC, Azevedo LDS, Monteiro ARM.
OBJECTIVE: to understand the assistance provided by health professionals to children and adolescents who experience situations of violence. METHOD: phenomenological research through semistructured interviews applied in September to December 2015 wi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Child marriage in Ghana: who cares? - Afranie S, Gyan ES, Tsiboe-Darko A.
Child marriage is one of the major social problems that have attracted attention in recent times. The practice denies children the opportunity to develop their human capital potentials to participate fully in society, and also constitutes a violation of th... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Faith-based communities ’ responses to family and domestic violence - Throng M, Sharif MZ, Pasalich DS, Olsen A, Calabria B, Prist N.
Reduction in family and domestic violence (FDV) is a national and international priority. Under the Third Action Plan (2016 –2019) of the National Plan to Reduce Violence against Women and their Children 2010–2022, National Priority Area 3 focuses on p... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Integrating parents with trauma histories into child trauma treatment: establishing core components - Kiser LJ, Miller AB, Mooney MA, Vivrette R, Davis SR.
To identify core components of parent/caregiver integration into evidence based child trauma treatment models, specifically those parents/caregivers who have experienced trauma themselves. The Parent/Caregiver Trauma and Healing Coordinating Group (PCTHCG)... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Maternal alcohol-use disorder and child outcomes - O ’Leary C, Lawrence D, Hafekost K, Zubrick SR, Bower C.
OBJECTIVES: Investigate the relationship between maternal alcohol-use disorder and multiple biological and social child outcomes, including birth outcomes, child protection, justice contact, and academic outcomes for both Indigenous and non-Indigenous chil... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Medico-legal relation between children abuse and child labor in Great Cairo Governorate, Egypt - Zaghloul N, Hetta S, Ramadan N.
BACKGROUND: Over the past several years, some forms of violence against children, including sexual exploitation and trafficking, female genital mutilation, child labor and the impact of armed conflict, have led to international provocation. The internation... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Neglecting responsibilities: the Uniform Probate Code's failure to address child maltreatment and poverty - Hamlet J.
When a child or adolescent passes away, parents are typically stricken with grief and unable to cope with the devastation. Unfortunately, the emotional toll is not the only challenge parents face. Some are forced to handle legal battles regarding the admin... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Pattern of unintentional poisoning by substances of abuse among children under 6 years old presented to the poison control center of Ain Shams University Hospitals, Egypt: a retrospective study - Hussien R, Essam M, El Kholy A, Sedki M, Abd El Naby A.
BACKGROUND: Unintentional poisoning by substances of abuse in children is a rare type of acute poisoning but recently, it has been increased in many countries. Low dose of these substances can be fatal for children under 6 years old resulting in severe mor... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Respiratory system affection in acute poisoned cases admitted to Menoufia poison and dependence control center (MPDCC), Menoufia University Hospital '' a prospective study '' - Hammad S, Zanaty A, Abdelhady O, Shaban F, Sobhi R.
BACKGROUND: Acute poisoning is a common cause of admission to emergency departments (ED) and often needs treatment in the intensive care unit (ICU). Breathing and pulmonary complications are frequent causes of morbidity and mortality in acute poisoning. Ai... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

South Africa: How Changing Vaccine Schedules Can Save Costs and Lives
[The Conversation Africa] In 2005, before most low- and middle-income countries started vaccinating children routinely for pneumococcal disease, it caused approximately 1.5 million deaths worldwide annually. About 700,000 to 1 million of these deaths were in children under five years. Pneumococcal disease occurs when Streptococcus pneumoniae invades a normally sterile area of the body, causing meningitis, pneumonia, septicaemia or other disease syndromes. Case fatality rates are very high for septicaemia (>20%) and meningitis (& (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - September 29, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Diabetes During Pregnancy Could Raise Lifelong Heart Risks for Children
Title: Diabetes During Pregnancy Could Raise Lifelong Heart Risks for ChildrenCategory: Health NewsCreated: 9/28/2020 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 9/29/2020 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Diabetes General)
Source: MedicineNet Diabetes General - September 29, 2020 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: news

Most Newborns of COVID-19-Infected Moms Fare Well
Title: Most Newborns of COVID-19-Infected Moms Fare WellCategory: Health NewsCreated: 9/28/2020 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 9/29/2020 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Kids Health General)
Source: MedicineNet Kids Health General - September 29, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: news

AHA News: Puerto Rico School Relies on Holistic Methods to Teach, Inspire
Title: AHA News: Puerto Rico School Relies on Holistic Methods to Teach, InspireCategory: Health NewsCreated: 9/28/2020 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 9/29/2020 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Kids Health General)
Source: MedicineNet Kids Health General - September 29, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: news

For Kids With Hearing Issues, Early Intervention Crucial to School Readiness
Title: For Kids With Hearing Issues, Early Intervention Crucial to School ReadinessCategory: Health NewsCreated: 9/28/2020 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 9/29/2020 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Kids Health General)
Source: MedicineNet Kids Health General - September 29, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: news

What Causes Down Syndrome?
Title: What Causes Down Syndrome?Category: Diseases and ConditionsCreated: 9/29/2020 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 9/29/2020 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Kids Health General)
Source: MedicineNet Kids Health General - September 29, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: news

The Coronavirus Mostly Spares Younger Children. Teens Aren ’t So Lucky.
Younger children are about half as likely as older teenagers and adults to become infected, new studies suggest. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - September 29, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Apoorva Mandavilli Tags: your-feed-science Shutdowns (Institutional) Tests (Medical) Disease Rates Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Education (K-12) Colleges and Universities Children and Childhood Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Science (Journal) JAMA Pedia Source Type: news

More than 90% of driver's license suspensions are not related to traffic safety
(Children's Hospital of Philadelphia) A study conducted found that the vast majority of license suspensions are for non-driving-related events, such as failure to pay a fine or appear in court, and that these suspensions disproportionately affect those living in low-income communities and in communities with a greater percentage of Black and Hispanic residents. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - September 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news