Zika Virus Potentiates the Development of Neurological Defects and Microcephaly: Challenges and Control Strategies

Conclusions Apart West Nile virus (78), thousands of congenital microcephaly cases, fetal brain tissue damage and neurological syndromes have been associated with ZIKV infection. Unfortunately, the epidemics of this mosquito born, and a relative stable virus is on a rise. Although congenital microcephaly is a rare disorder however, due to lack of standardized diagnostic test facilities, the incidence in the geographically widespread ZIKV epidemic regions is higher. Animals studies showed that ZIKV is a neurotropic virus. It directly targets the developing embryonic brain cells by inducing apoptosis, cell-cycle arrest, and dysregulate hNPCs. During pregnancy in mice, ZIKV inoculation resulted in stunted heads, restricted intrauterine growth, and ocular anomalies. Despite this, still, the information about its epidemiology, pathology and mechanism is not clear. Therefore, further studies are needed toward advance research and vaccine development for ZIKV treatment and prevention. Author Contributions RS conceived and wrote the manuscript. YL and WS edited the manuscript. GN critically reviewed and edited the manuscript. MX and SK revised, supervised, and funded the study. Funding This research was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grants no: 81471174, 81520108011, and 81870942), National Key Research and Development Program of China (grant no: 2018YFC1312200), and Innovation Scientists and Technicians Troop Constructions Projects of Henan Province...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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Authors: Berenbaum F, Walker C Abstract Globally, osteoarthritis (OA) is the most prevalent arthritic condition in those aged over 60 years. OA has a high impact on patient disability and is associated with a significant economic burden. Pain is the most common first sign of disease and the leading cause of disability. Data demonstrating the increasing global prevalence of OA, together with a greater understanding of the burden of the disease, have led to a reassessment of the seriousness of OA and calls for the designation of OA as a serious disease in line with the diseases impact on comorbidity, disability,...
Source: Postgraduate Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Postgrad Med Source Type: research
Authors: Zhang S, Liu L, Huang YQ, Lo K, Feng YQ Abstract Background: It is uncertain how serum uric acid (SUA) associated with all-cause mortality among people with normal weight, hence was explored in this study.Methods: We enrolled participants from 1999 to 2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) that had mortality status through 31 December 2015. We estimated adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for all-cause mortality using Cox proportional hazard models, and propensity score analyses were performed. We also performed restricted cubic splines to demonstrate the ...
Source: Postgraduate Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Postgrad Med Source Type: research
Authors: Shabataev V, Saadat SH, Elterman DS Abstract The two major long-term concerns associated with different options for the management of prostate cancer, (including surgery, radiotherapy, brachytherapy, cryotherapy, HIFU, etc.) include difficulties with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and/or erectile dysfunction. LUTS can be in the form of stress urinary incontinence (SUI), urge urinary incontinence (UUI), frequency/urgency, and/or voiding difficulties. While surgery is mostly associated with SUI and radiation mostly results in UUI, there can be an overlap. Incontinence rates after cryotherapy and high in...
Source: Canadian Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Can J Urol Source Type: research
Authors: Magee DE, Singal RK Abstract Our objective is to provide an up-to-date summary of current literature on the indications for androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), ways in which ADT is used, and the main side effects associated with its use. MEDLINE (Pubmed) was searched for relevant papers published from database inception to May 1, 2019 for studies evaluating the use of ADT and its associated adverse events. ADT is a mainstay in the treatment of prostate cancer and is used throughout the disease course. While predominantly used in the metastatic setting, ADT has a role in the treatment of localized disease a...
Source: Canadian Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Can J Urol Source Type: research
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Source: Canadian Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Can J Urol Source Type: research
This article is categorized under: Biological Mechanisms> Metabolism Translational, Genomic, and Systems Medicine> Translational Medicine Biological Mechanisms> Cell Signaling
Source: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Systems Biology and Medicine - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: ADVANCED REVIEW Source Type: research
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Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
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Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
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Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by array Mus musculus Source Type: research
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Source: RSC - New J. Chem. latest articles - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
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