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Biochemical networks mapped in midgut of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes
(Colorado State University) Scientists have mapped for the first time the midgut metabolites of the Aedes aegypti, the mosquito that can transmit viruses that cause dengue, Zika, chikungunya and yellow fever to humans. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - February 15, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Antioxidant treatment prevents sexual transmission of Zika in mice
(PLOS) The antioxidant drug ebselen can prevent sexual transmission of Zika virus from male to female mice, according to new research published in PLOS Pathogens by Yogy Simanjuntak and colleagues at Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan. The results hint at a potential role for ebselen in preventing Zika spread among humans. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - February 15, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Zika Virus and Emerging Mosquito-Borne Diseases: The European Emergency Risk Communication Challenge; A Response Guide
World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe. 09/2017 This 46-page manual and the associated app are designed to assist public health authorities in the World Health Organization (WHO) European Region communicate in response to possible outbreaks of the Zika virus, and other mosquito-borne diseases. The main objective of the guide is to enable European countries to learn from the experience of other regions on how to communicate about Zika, and apply these lessons to the European context. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - February 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Fewer Scientists Are Studying Insects. Here ’s Why That’s So Dangerous
In the summer of 2016, Jerome Goddard, a medical entomologist in Mississippi, received an email from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) with a desperate ask. The agency was conducting an “urgent” search for insect scientists around the U.S. who could take up to a six-month paid leave from work to help the CDC fight the Zika outbreak in the U.S., and possibly respond to areas with local transmission if needed. “That’s how bad it is—they need to borrow someone,” says Goddard, an extension professor of medical entomology at Mississippi State University. “We can&...
Source: TIME: Health - February 14, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Alexandra Sifferlin Tags: Uncategorized healthytime public health Source Type: news

Birth Defects Potentially Related to Zika Virus Infection Birth Defects Potentially Related to Zika Virus Infection
This report provides comprehensive data on the prevalence of birth defects potentially related to Zika virus infection in a cohort of nearly 1 million US births in 2016.Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - February 14, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pediatrics Journal Article Source Type: news

World's next major health threat could be of the domestic variety: TICKS
(Natural News) When you hear the words major health threat, what’s the first thing that comes to your mind? If you said Ebola, Zika, or some other foreign disease, you may want to think a little more close to home. According to a recent report on The Guardian, the next global health threat could be... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - February 12, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Mosquitoes infected with natural bacteria to prevent reproduction will be released in Miami, in a non-GM effort to reduce mosquito populations
(Natural News) It might seem like scientists and other experts have all tried pretty much everything they can to eradicate pesky mosquitoes from the planet. But now, to fight Zika and other kinds of viruses carried by them, a new team of researchers based out of South Miami has decided to simply go after their progeny.... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - February 11, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

2018 Annual Review of the Blueprint List of Priority Diseases
World Health Organization. 02/08/2018 This Web page provides the 2018 List of Priority Diseases, which include Ebola virus disease and Marburg virus disease, Lassa fever, Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), and Zika virus. Experts consider that given their potential to cause a public health emergency and the absence of efficacious drugs and/or vaccines, there is an urgent need for accelerated research and development for these diseases. (Text) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - February 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

CDC Director Resigns Amid Reports of Tobacco Stock Trade
The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) announced on January 31, 2018, that Dr. Brenda Fitzgerald would resign as the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The statement read, “Dr. Fitzgerald owns certain complex financial interests that have imposed a broad recusal limiting her ability to complete all of her duties as the CDC Director. Due to the nature of these financial interests, Dr. Fitzgerald could not divest from them in a definitive time period.” The decision came a day after Politico reported that she bought stock in a large tobacco company within a month of start...
Source: Public Policy Reports - February 5, 2018 Category: Biology Authors: AIBS Source Type: news

Zika's effects hard to detect on ultrasound, MRI
A new animal study published February 5 in Nature Medicine illustrates...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: MRI advances detection of Zika-related brain abnormalities PET tracks Zika virus, disease progression in mice AIUM: NIH prepares for potential re-emergence of Zika virus Studies at RSNA offer new insights into Zika's spread (Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines)
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - February 5, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: news

Babies With Normal Head Size Might Still Have Zika-Linked Brain Damage
MONDAY, Feb. 5, 2018 -- Fetal brain damage caused by the Zika virus can go undetected in pregnancy, and can occur even if a baby's head size is normal, research in monkeys suggests. The findings indicate that many children with Zika-related brain... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - February 5, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Zika brain damage may go undetected in pregnancy
(University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine) Zika virus may cause significant damage to the fetal brain even when the baby's head size is normal, according to a primate study. The damage can be difficult to detect even with sophisticated brain scans. It may also occur from infections during childhood and adolescence. Hard hit are brain regions that generate new brain cells. Fetal brain structures that may be injured include those where neural stem cells play a role in learning and memory. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - February 5, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Genetic factors that make babies susceptible to complications from Zika are identified
(Funda ç ã o de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de S ã o Paulo) Study of twins exposed to Zika virus during pregnancy was conducted at the University of S ã o Paulo's Human Genome& Stem Cell Research Centre in Brazil. Results are published in Nature Communications (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

For the first time in humans, Zika syndrome susceptibility linked to genetic background
(University of Sao Paulo Scientific Outreach Unit) About 6 percent to 12 percent of the babies born from mothers infected with the Zika virus during pregnancy will have the CZS. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - February 2, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Evolution of Viral Networks: H1N1, Ebola, and Zika
National Institutes of Health. 01/29/2018 This one-hour, 15-minute lecture addresses the culture of public health, production of scientific knowledge, networks of expertise, information sharing, and everyday experiences of epidemiologists, microbiologists, biomedical scientists, and medical practitioners. It is the keynote address of Viral Networks: An Advanced Workshop in Digital Humanities and Medical History, which brings together scholars from various fields of medical history whose innovative research shows promise through the use of methods, tools, and data from the digital humanities. (Video or Multimedia) (Source: ...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - February 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Increasing Access to Contraception in the Context of Zika Preparedness: Perspectives from State and Local Public Health Agencies (December 2017)
Brief summarizes specific challenges that state and local health agencies and health care providers encounter in their efforts to increase access to contraception and shares examples of successful approaches to implementing strategies to increase contraception access in their jurisdictions. (Source: PHPartners.org)
Source: PHPartners.org - February 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Family impact of congenital Zika syndrome likely to last a lifetime
(RTI International) The impact of congenital Zika syndrome on families will be substantial and will last a lifetime, given its severity and uncertainty about long-term outcomes for infants. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Practice Advisory Interim Guidance for Care of Obstetric Patients During a Zika Virus Outbreak
American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. 10/26/2017 This Practice Advisory represents the current information available regarding Zika virus, including updates from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's guidance that are relevant to obstetric care providers. Guidance topics are Background; Travel Restrictions; Prevention; Reproductive Counseling; Assessment and Testing; Clinical Management of a Pregnant Woman with Suspected Zika Virus Infection; Breastfeeding; Postnatal Management; Neonatal Outcomes and Evaluation; Reporting and the U.S. Pregnancy Registry; Infection Control Considerations; and Zika...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - January 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

ID Break: Panera Pulls Cream Cheese; 15 Years of PEPFAR; Zika Vax on Fast Track
(MedPage Today) -- News and commentary from the world of infectious diseases (Source: MedPage Today Pediatrics)
Source: MedPage Today Pediatrics - January 31, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: news

Viruses Related to Zika May Also Harm Fetuses
Studies in mice suggest that other flaviviruses, such as West Nile virus and Powassan virus, may cause birth defects, too. (Source: The Scientist)
Source: The Scientist - January 31, 2018 Category: Science Tags: Daily News,News & Opinion Source Type: news

West Nile Virus May Pose Zika-Like Threat to Fetus
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 31, 2018 -- Zika may not be the only virus that can harm a fetus, a new study in mice suggests. " We found that West Nile virus and Powassan viruses shared with Zika the ability to infect the placenta and cause fetal death, " said... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - January 31, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Increasing Access to Contraception in the Context of Zika Preparedness: Perspectives from State and Local Public Health Agencies
Association of Maternal and Child Health Programs. 12/2017 This two-page document provides summaries of discussions at a meeting held in the fall of 2016 regarding specific challenges that state and local health agencies and health care providers encounter in their efforts to increase access to contraception in the context of Zika preparedness. It provides examples of successful approaches to implementing strategies to increase contraception access in participants'jurisdictions. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - January 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Reproductive Counseling and Zika Virus: Resources for Providers
American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. 11/27/2017 This Web page provides resources for health care providers about reproductive counseling and the Zika virus. Links are provided for Questions and Answers for Healthcare Providers Caring for Pregnant Women and Women of Reproductive Age with Possible Zika Virus Exposure, and several other Zika resources. (Text) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - January 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Like Zika, West Nile virus causes fetal brain damage, death in mice
(Washington University School of Medicine) Two viruses closely related to Zika -- West Nile and Powassan -- can spread from an infected pregnant mouse to her fetuses, causing brain damage and fetal death, according to a new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. The findings suggest that Zika may not be unique in its ability to cause miscarriages and birth defects. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - January 31, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Takeda's Zika Vaccine Gets U.S. FDA's'Fast Track' Status Takeda's Zika Vaccine Gets U.S. FDA's'Fast Track' Status
Japan's Takeda Pharmaceutical Co Ltd said on Monday the U.S. Food and Drug Administration had granted'fast track'status to its vaccine for the mosquito-borne Zika virus, which erupted as a major public hazard in Brazil three years ago.Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - January 30, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases News Source Type: news

Local Zika Transmission in U.S. Tied to Rise in Birth Defects
The CDC reports areas of the United States with local Zika virus transmission in late 2016 saw a rise in birth defects associated with Zika infection. (Source: AAFP News)
Source: AAFP News - January 30, 2018 Category: Primary Care Source Type: news

Population-Based Surveillance of Birth Defects Potentially Related to Zika Virus Infection - 15 States and U.S. Territories, 2016
This report provides the first comprehensive data on the prevalence of birth defects (3.0 per 1,000 live births) potentially related to Zika virus infection in a birth cohort of nearly 1 million births in 2016. (Source: PHPartners.org)
Source: PHPartners.org - January 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Takeda's Zika vaccine gets U.S. FDA's 'fast track' status
(Reuters) - Japan's Takeda Pharmaceutical Co Ltd said on Monday the U.S. Food and Drug Administration had granted 'fast track' status to its vaccine for the mosquito-borne Zika virus, which erupted as a major public hazard in Brazil three years ago. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - January 29, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Weekly Postings
See something of interest? Please share our postings with colleagues in your institutions! Spotlight All NNLM MAR funding opportunities are currently closed. In February, we will announce opportunities to apply for projects starting May 15, 2018. Now is the perfect time to start meeting with potential partners and consulting with NNLM MAR staff on health information outreach ideas. Contact us to set up a consultation. Did your organization host an event or offer programming for National Drug and Alcohol Facts Week®? Tell us about it! NNLM MAR is always interested in learning about health outreach projects and activitie...
Source: NN/LM Middle Atlantic Region Blog - January 26, 2018 Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Hannah Sinemus Tags: Weekly Postings Source Type: news

Zika Attacks Placentas of Pregnant Monkeys, Study Finds
FRIDAY, Jan. 26, 2018 -- When Zika infection occurs during pregnancy, the virus may damage the placenta, new research finds. This may explain how the infection causes birth defects. It hasn't been clear how Zika infection can cause birth defects... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - January 26, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

More birth defects in U.S. areas where Zika spread
A new government report finds a spike in potential Zika-linked birth defects in the last half of 2016 compared with births in the first half of that year (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - January 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Zika Tied to Rise in U.S. Birth Defects: CDC
For the study, researchers analyzed data from 15 states and territories in 2016, and found that about three of every 1,000 newborns had a birth defect possibly caused by Zika infection in the mother during pregnancy. (Source: WebMD Health)
Source: WebMD Health - January 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Zika Linked to a Spike in Birth Defects In the U.S.
This report highlights the critical importance of documenting birth defects possibly related to Zika and our need to maintain vigilance.” (Source: TIME: Health)
Source: TIME: Health - January 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Alexandra Sifferlin Tags: Uncategorized birth defects CDC microcephaly Zika Zika 2017 Zika virus Zika virus 2017 Source Type: news

Birth Defects Increased In Areas with Local Zika Transmission Birth Defects Increased In Areas with Local Zika Transmission
Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - January 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pediatrics News Source Type: news

More birth defects seen in areas of U.S. where Zika virus spread
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found a 21 per cent increase in birth defects that could be linked to Zika in the last half of 2016. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - January 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Health Source Type: news

More birth defects in U.S. areas with Zika: U.S. health officials
CHICAGO (Reuters) - The mosquito-born Zika virus may be responsible for an increase in birth defects in U.S. states and territories even in women who had no lab evidence of Zika exposure during pregnancy, U.S. health officials said on Thursday. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - January 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Zika-Linked Birth Defects Up in Parts of U.S. in Last Half of 2016 (CME/CE)
(MedPage Today) -- U.S. states and territories with local transmission of Zika saw increases (Source: MedPage Today Primary Care)
Source: MedPage Today Primary Care - January 25, 2018 Category: Primary Care Source Type: news

More birth defects seen in U.S. areas where Zika was present
CHICAGO (Reuters) - The mosquito-born Zika virus may be responsible for an excess number of birth defects in U.S. states and territories where the virus had been circulating in local mosquito populations, even in women who had no lab evidence of Zika exposure during pregnancy, U.S. health officials said on Thursday. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - January 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Population-Based Surveillance of Birth Defects Potentially Related to Zika Virus Infection — 15 States and U.S. Territories, 2016
(Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report)
Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report - January 25, 2018 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Zika Tied to Rise in U.S. Birth Defects: CDC
THURSDAY, Jan. 25, 2018 -- There was a significant rise in Zika-related birth defects in areas of the United States with local transmission of the mosquito-borne virus, a new report shows. " Babies with Zika-related birth defects need all the help... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - January 25, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Forget Ebola, Sars and Zika: ticks are the next global health threat
Ticks carry a wide array of pathogens – and environmental changes mean they are spreadingSince the beginning of our species we have been at war. It ’s a continuous, neverending fight against the smallest of adversaries: armies of pathogens and parasites. As we have developed new ways to survive and stop them, they have evolved ever more complex and ingenious methods to thwart our efforts.Humans have faced numerous attempts to challenge our dominance on planet Earth , and from the Black Death to the Spanish flu, we have weathered them all. However, since the start of the 21st century, with its trend towards glob...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - January 25, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Mackenzie Kwak Tags: Infectious diseases Science Insects Source Type: news

Repurposed drug found to be effective against Zika virus
In both cell cultures and mouse models, a drug used to treat Hepatitis C effectively protected and rescued neural cells infected by the Zika virus - and blocked transmission of the virus to mouse fetuses. Writing in the current online issue of the journal Scientific Reports, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, with colleagues in Brazil and elsewhere, say their findings support further investigation of using the repurposed drug as a potential treatment for Zika-infected adults, including pregnant women. (Source: World Pharma News)
Source: World Pharma News - January 25, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Featured Research Research and Development Source Type: news

Repurposed drug found to be effective against Zika virus
(University of California - San Diego) In both cell cultures and mouse models, a drug used to treat Hepatitis C effectively protected and rescued neural cells infected by the Zika virus -- and blocked transmission of the virus to mouse fetuses. Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, with colleagues in Brazil and elsewhere, say their findings support further investigation of using the repurposed drug as a potential treatment for Zika-infected adults, including pregnant women. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - January 25, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

CDC group tackles access to birth control for women in Puerto Rico
Between May 2016 and August last year, a group organized by the CDC provided services to more than 21,000 women in Puerto Rico in an attempt to boost access to contraception, lower the rate of unintended pregnancy and lessen the number of Zika-related birth defects on the island. Last week, The Lancet Public Health examined the initial results of the work done by the Zika Contraception Access Network and found that the group was able to mount a high-quality intervention in response to a public health crisis that is still troubling the nation. Get the full story at our sister site, Drug Delivery Business News. The post...
Source: Mass Device - January 24, 2018 Category: Medical Devices Authors: Sarah Faulkner Tags: Drug-Device Combinations Pharmaceuticals Women's Health Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) Source Type: news

Viral replication discovery could spur new broad-spectrum antivirals
(Morgridge Institute for Research) Scientists at the Morgridge Institute for Research have discovered a new Achilles heel in the replication process of positive-strand RNA viruses, a class responsible for health threats such as Zika, polio, chikungunya and hepatitis C. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - January 24, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Link found between genes in mosquitos and the spread of diseases
(University of Missouri-Columbia) Researchers at the University of Missouri have found a link between genetic molecules in mosquitos and dengue fever. The results of the study, conducted by Susanta K. Behura and his colleagues, could lead to future breakthroughs in combating destructive tropical diseases like dengue fever, Zika virus and yellow fever. The researchers focused their efforts on a single species of mosquito, Aedes aegypti, a key player in the spread of such diseases in animals and humans around the world. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

2017 Forces of Change Findings #2
January 23, 2018 1:00pm-2:00pm ET. This webinar will provide an overview of the 2017 Forces of Change findings, focused on four topic areas: Budget Cuts/Job Losses, Zika Prevention and Response, Multi-Sectoral Partnerships, and Workforce Recruitment. (Source: PHPartners.org)
Source: PHPartners.org - January 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

10 Global Health Issues to Watch in 2018
January 19, 2018It ’s notallbad news.When we set out to compile our annual list of global health issues to watch this year, it seemed like all bad news. And true, that ’s often what we deal with in global health—the problems that need tackling, the suffering we can help alleviate.But then stories and columns likethis one cheer us up. They remind us that no matter how complicated and frustrating our work may get, fighting back against poverty and inequality works.There are and always will be global health challenges to face. But there ’s boundless hope, too. And a field full of determined health work...
Source: IntraHealth International - January 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: mnathe Source Type: news

Zika infection during pregnancy may disrupt fetal oxygen supply
NIH-funded study observes virus-induced placental damage in monkeys. (Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases)
Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases - January 18, 2018 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Zika virus damages placenta, which may explain malformed babies
(Oregon Health& Science University) New researcher shows how Zika virus infection in five pregnant rhesus monkeys caused placental tissues to become thickened and inflamed, resulting in less oxygen being transported across the placenta and to the baby. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - January 18, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news