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Facing 21st Century Public Health Threats: Our Nation's Preparedness and Response Capabilities, Part I
U.S. Senate, Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions. 01/17/2018 This two-hour, 24-minute Congressional hearing focuses on the nation's preparedness to combat public health threats as Congress looks toward reauthorizing the Pandemic and All Hazards Preparedness Act later this year. Witnesses discuss the mission and duties of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, Food and Drug Administration, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; the status of the nation's public health and medical preparedness and response capabilities; and areas for improvement. (Video or Multimedia) (Source: Disaste...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - January 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Bioterrorism, Pandemics, and Preparing for the Future
Blue Ribbon Study Panel on Biodefense. 05/01/2017 This 45-minute video features the Blue Ribbon Study Panel on Biodefense in a discussion of the growing pandemic threat and the steps the United States government needs to take in order to keep America safe. Topics include previous flu epidemics, the need for medical countermeasures, and how these issues threaten national security. (Video or Multimedia) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - January 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

The flu vaccine could get a much-needed boost
More than 700,000 Americans were hospitalized due to illnesses associated with the seasonal flu during the 2014 –15 flu season, according to federal estimates. A radical new approach to vaccine development at UCLA may help lower that figure for future flu seasons.The scientists used leading-edge genomics to identify and eliminate the virus ’s defense mechanisms, enabling them to develop a vaccine “candidate” — meaning that it must still undergo evaluation and approval by the FDA — that in animals has been proven to be safe and highly effective against influenza.In the study, which was pu...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - January 19, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

100 years after "super-flu" pandemic, mysteries remain
A century after one of history's most catastrophic outbreaks killed tens of millions, scientists are rethinking how to guard against a deadly repeat (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - January 18, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Flu emergency hits Birmingham ’s medical community
Widespread flu cases are causing challenges for hospitals and medical clinics around the state. It's a flu outbreak that has many hospitals over capacity, caused a rash of workplace absences and even led one Birmingham-based company to accelerate the opening of a new clinic. Jefferson County Department of Health Officer Mark Wilson said area emergency departments and outpatient clinics saw a high volume of patients with flu or flu-like symptoms. “This is not a pandemic flu situation, but it… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Physician Practices headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Physician Practices headlines - January 18, 2018 Category: American Health Authors: Tyler Patchen Source Type: news

Scientists seek super-shot for flu 100 years after pandemic
A century after one of history's most catastrophic disease outbreaks, scientists are rethinking how to guard against another super-flu like the 1918 influenza that killed tens of millions as it swept the globe. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - January 18, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Health Source Type: news

Scientists seek super-shot for flu 100 years after pandemic
Scientists taking a new shot at a universal vaccine to prevent regular winter flu and the next super-flu, too (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - January 18, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Century after pandemic, science takes its best shot at flu
Scientists hunting universal vaccine to better protect against regular winter flu _ and the next super-flu, too (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - January 17, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Aussie flu: Deadly infection to be worse than Spanish flu that killed about 50 million?
AUSSIE flu has spread across the UK from Australia, and has now been spotted in the US. Could the deadly virus become as widespread as the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918, which infected about 500 million people globally? (Source: Daily Express - Health)
Source: Daily Express - Health - January 17, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Why your birth year may increase your risk of dying during a flu pandemic
New research suggests that the year you were born may increase your risk of death in an influenza pandemic. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - January 16, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada/Hamilton Source Type: news

Black Death spread by humans, vindicating rats
One of the worst pandemics in human history, the Black Death, along with a string of plague outbreaks that occurred during the 14th to 19th centuries, was spread by human fleas and body lice, a new study suggests. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - January 16, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Previous influenza virus exposures enhance susceptibility in another influenza pandemic
(McMaster University) New data analysis suggests that people born at the time of the 1957 H2N2 or Asian Flu pandemic were at a higher risk of dying during the 2009 H1N1 Swine Flu pandemic as well as the resurgent H1N1 outbreak in 2013-2014. And it is not the first time this has happened. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - January 16, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Black Death spread by human fleas and lice, research shows
The Black Death, which killed thousands throughout Europe in a pandemic stretching from the 14th to 19th century, was likely spread by parasites such as fleas and lice carried on the human body. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - January 15, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Technology & Science Source Type: news

Birmingham hospitals over capacity with flu symptoms
Hospitals throughout the state are currently experiencing over capacity due to a “major flu situation,” according to health department officials.  Jefferson County Department of Health Officer Mark Wilson said area emergency departments and outpatient clinics are seeing a high volume of patients with flu or flu-like symptoms.  “This is not a pandemic flu situation, but it is a major seasonal flu situation,” Wilson said.   UAB Hospital Emergency, Critical Care, Prime Care and Ambulatory… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines - January 12, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Tyler Patchen Source Type: news

Birmingham hospitals over capacity with flu symptoms
Hospitals throughout the state are currently experiencing over capacity due to a "major flu situation," according to health department officials.   Jefferson County Department of Health Officer Mark Wilson said area emergency departments and outpatient clinics are seeing a high volume of patients with flu or flu-like symptoms.  "This is not a pandemic flu situation, but it is a major seasonal flu situation," Wilson said.   UAB Hospital Emergency, Critical Care, Prime Care and Ambulatory services… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - January 12, 2018 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tyler Patchen Source Type: news

Aussie flu is ‘more severe than Swine flu’ pandemic - do you have the symptoms?
AUSSIE flu has been causing havoc in the UK, with symptoms described by medical professionals as similar to flu but more severe. An expert has described the outbreak as “more severe” than the Swine flu pandemic in 2009, and the NHS, alongside other health organisations, have offered advice to those struck down by the illness over how best to deal with it. (Source: Daily Express - Health)
Source: Daily Express - Health - January 11, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

TSRI scientists discover workings of first promising Marburg virus treatment
(Scripps Research Institute) Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have discovered the workings of the first promising treatment for Marburg virus, a pathogen with the same pandemic potential as Ebola virus. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - January 10, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Judge urges action on '100 percent manmade' opioid crisis
A federal judge has likened the nation's opioid epidemic to the deadly 1918 flu pandemic while noting the drug crisis is "100 percent manmade." (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - January 9, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Dangerous research to resume: Federal funding ban on “super pathogen” experiments has been lifted, opening door to bioterror attacks or pandemic accidents
(Natural News) Put this one in the category of “what could possibly go wrong?” The National Institutes of Health is lifting a ban on funding experiments that deliberately make germs more dangerous, albeit subject to pre-approval by a scientific panel using a risk-benefit analysis. The U.S. government imposed a funding moratorium on such research in October... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - January 4, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Why the flu vaccine will never work: Experts reveal how the virus “mutates annually” into something new
(Natural News) The deadliest pandemic in recorded history was known as the Spanish flu, and took place between 1918 and 1919. About 500 million people – a third of the Earth’s population at the time – were infected with the disease, and it proved fatal for between 20 and 50 million of them. The outbreak... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - January 4, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

An unusual form of antibiotic resistance in pandemic cholera
(American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology) Researchers at the University of Georgia have now shown that the enzyme that makes the El Tor family of V. cholerae resistant to those antibiotics has a different mechanism of action from any comparable proteins observed in bacteria so far. Understanding that mechanism better equips researchers to overcome the challenge it presents in a world with increasing antibiotic resistance. The results of this research are published in the Dec. 22 issue of the Journal of Biological Chemistry. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - January 3, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Kenya:HIV Progress Report - Good Progress, But Also Big Gaps
[The Conversation Africa] The World Health Organisation (WHO) has clear markers on the road to controlling the global HIV/AIDS pandemic. By 2020, about nine out of every ten people should know their HIV status. Nine out of ten HIV positive people should be on antiretroviral treatment (ARVs) and the virus should not be detectable in their blood. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - December 28, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Pandemic Zika: A Formidable Challenge to Medicine and Public Health
Perspective article looks at the challenges associated with fighting Zika at the public health level. (Source: PHPartners.org)
Source: PHPartners.org - December 28, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Zika remains a research and public health challenge, say NIAID scientists
(NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) The Zika virus has become established in more than 80 countries, infected millions of people, and left many babies with birth defects. Although scientists have made progress in their understanding of the virus, it would be premature to think that the Zika pandemic is now under control and will not reemerge, perhaps more aggressively, say leaders from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases in a Journal of Infectious Diseases special supplement. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - December 22, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Framework for Guiding Funding Decisions about Proposed Research Involving Enhanced Potential Pandemic Pathogens
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response. 12/2017 This seven-page document is intended to guide Health and Human Services funding decisions on individual proposed research that is reasonably anticipated to create, transfer, or use enhanced potential pandemic pathogens (PPPs). It ensures a multidisciplinary, department-level pre-funding review and evaluation of proposed research meeting the scope outlined to help inform funding agency decisions. It seeks to preserve the benefits of life sciences research involving enhanced PPPs while minimizing potential b...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - December 21, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Influenza (Avian and Other Zoonotic)
World Health Organization. 12/2017 This Web page provides key facts and information about avian and other zoonotic influenza. Topics include the four types of pathogens, signs and symptoms in humans, epidemiology of human infections, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and pandemic potential. (Text) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - December 19, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Eb141/24
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Framework for the sharing of influenza viruses and access to vaccines and other benefit (Source: WHO Governing Body Documentation)
Source: WHO Governing Body Documentation - December 18, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Influenza (Avian and other zoonotic)
WHO fact sheet on avian influenza: includes key facts, definition, clinical features, antiviral treatment, risk factors for human infection, human pandemic potential, WHO response. (Source: WHO Avian Influenza)
Source: WHO Avian Influenza - December 15, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: avian influenza [subject], bird flu, avian flu, fowl plague, influenza in birds, avian bird flu, h5n1, avian influenza [subject], bird flu, avian flu, fowl plague, influenza in birds, avian bird flu, h5n1, communicable disease [subject], infectious diseas Source Type: news

Lung experts 'deeply concerned' by low flu jab uptake in England
Barely two in five people in at-risk groups have been vaccinated as NHS hospitals buckle under strain caused by cold snapFewer than half those eligible for a free winter flu jab have had one, despite high-profile warnings that this winter could bring the biggest flu outbreak in years, NHS figures reveal.The low uptake, which will alarm NHS bosses, come as many hospitals showed clear signs of starting to buckle under the extra demand for care caused by the cold snap that began last week.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - December 14, 2017 Category: Science Authors: Denis Campbell and Pamela Duncan Tags: Flu Vaccines and immunisation Society Flu pandemic Health World news NHS GPs Doctors Hospitals Infectious diseases Science Microbiology Source Type: news

Study: The medical community isn’t prepared for the looming pandemic of neurodegenerative diseases like Parkinson’s
(Natural News) Parkinson’s disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disease plaguing people today, with an estimated 1 million Americans are battling this illness – more than Lou Gehrig’s disease, muscular dystrophy and multiple sclerosis combined. Parkinson’s causes certain nerve cells in the brain to die, affecting movement and causing worsening tremors and stiffness. The... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - December 13, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Up to 650 000 people die of respiratory diseases linked to seasonal flu each year
Up to 650 000 deaths annually are associated with respiratory diseases from seasonal influenza, according to new estimates by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US-CDC), WHO and global health partners. This marks an increase on the previous global estimate of 250 000-500 000, which dates from over ten years ago and covered all influenza-related deaths, including cardiovascular disease or diabetes. The new figures of 290 000-650 000 deaths are based on more recent data from a larger, more diverse group of countries, including lower middle-income countries, and exclude deaths from non-respiratory d...
Source: WHO news - December 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: influenza [subject], flu, seasonal influenza, pandemic influenza, influenza [subject], flu, seasonal influenza, pandemic influenza, Press release [doctype] Source Type: news

Next Pandemic: Are We Prepared?
Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health. 11/13/2017 This two-hour, 25-minute event, co-hosted with Smithsonian magazine and the National Museum of Natural History, focuses on how the world prepares for the next global pandemic, raises public awareness, and explores potential responses and solutions. Speakers discuss the influenza dangers faced today; a historical overview of the 1918 Spanish flu pandemic; and information on the latest flu research and pandemic preparedness. (Video or Multimedia) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - December 12, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Health Highlights: Dec. 12, 2017
Here are some of the latest health and medical news developments, compiled by the editors of HealthDay: Next Flu Pandemic Could Appear in Spring or Summer: Study The next flu pandemic could appear in spring or summer rather than winter, according... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - December 12, 2017 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Call for national dialogue: adapting standards of care in extreme events. We are not ready - Cusack L, Gebbie K.
Clinical practices are based on a common understanding of nursing's professional standards in all aspects of patient care, no matter what the circumstances are. Circumstances can however, change dramatically due to emergencies, disasters, or pandemics and ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 11, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news

Pandemic Preparedness: Lessons Learned 100 Years After the Spanish Flu Outbreak
Council on Foreign Relations. 12/05/2017 This 58-minute panel discussion explores the 1918 Spanish flu pandemic as it nears its centennial, and how this historic outbreak informs responses to global health emergencies today. Speakers discuss the many additional tools that are now available, why they are imperfect tools, and how there is a lot more work to do to improve them. (Video or Multimedia) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - December 8, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Global Health: The Next Flu Pandemic Will Appear When You Least Expect It
An examination of the great flu epidemics in recent history concludes that next one is likely to arrive in late spring or early summer — not during flu season. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - December 8, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: DONALD G. McNEIL Jr. Tags: Influenza Epidemics PLOS Computational Biology (Journal) Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences University of Texas at Austin Source Type: news

Pandemic Preparedness: Lessons Learned 100 Years After the Spanish Flu Outbreak
Panel from December 2017 discusses the 1918 Spanish flu pandemic as we near its centennial and how this historic outbreak informs our responses to global health emergencies today.(Council on Foreign Relations) (Source: PHPartners.org)
Source: PHPartners.org - December 8, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Jamaican weed stabilizes blood sugar
It was pouring rain. I could barely see as I drove up the winding mountains. But I would not be deterred from my mission. I was on my way to finally meet Jamaica’s last living Maroon healer, Ivey Harris. I finally arrived at her secluded mountain home and she met me with open arms… and an umbrella. After the rain let up, she showed me around her home. Her yard is like an all-natural pharmacy. And she’s a walking herbal encyclopedia. One of my favorites was a Jamaican vine with weird-looking warty green fruit. Most people in the U.S. would call it a weed. Today, I grow it in my backyard here in South F...
Source: Al Sears, MD Natural Remedies - December 7, 2017 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Cathy Card Tags: Health Avandia blood sugar diabetes diabetics drug glucose high-carb insulin Source Type: news

Ending the Pandemic Era: Science at the Animal-Human-Environmental Interface
University of Minnesota, School of Public Health. 02/07/2017 This one-hour, 36-minute webinar, from the Consortium on Laws and Values in Health, Environment and the Life Sciences, describes the work of the PREDICT project and its results, including the establishment of advanced One Health capacity in more than 30 countries and identification of more than 800 previously undetected viruses. It describes additional work that needs to be done in the wake of the PREDICT Consortium's conclusion that only a small proportion of viral threats (estimated to be much less than 1%) have been identified to date. (Video or Multimedia) (S...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - December 6, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

WHO (World Health Organization) Guidance for Surveillance During an Influenza Pandemic: 2017 Update
World Health Organization. 11/2017 This 59-page guidance is a 2017 update to an earlier guidance published in April 2009. It takes the lessons learned from the 2009 influenza pandemic into consideration and focuses on the key surveillance components needed during an influenza pandemic. The purpose of the updated guidance is to outline the surveillance strategies and essential data requirements that Member States can use throughout the course of an influenza pandemic to ensure informed risk management decisions in pandemic response and fulfillment of International Health Regulations core capacity requirements. (PDF) (Source...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - December 6, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Better vaccine targeting: study identifies key mechanism
New Yale-led research could have a significant impact on how vaccines are delivered, especially during pandemics. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - December 1, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

NIH Statement on World AIDS Day 2017
After 30 years of marking progress against HIV, we are closer than ever to the beginning of the end of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. (Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases)
Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases - December 1, 2017 Category: American Health Source Type: news

South Africa:Government, Traditional Leaders Join Hands to Defeat HIV
[SAnews.gov.za] Eastern Cape Premier Phumulo Masualle says as South Africa observes the 29th World Aids Day communities and traditional leaders are being mobilised to join the world in taking responsibility to defeat the HIV and Aids pandemic. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - December 1, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Hope for an HIV vaccine as two US-funded trials launch
Although modern HIV drugs have turned the disease from a death sentence into a chronic condition, a vaccine is still seen as critical in rolling back the pandemic. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - November 30, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Angola:HIV On the Rise in Angola
[ANGOP] Luanda -The Hiv/Aids pandemic in Angola is spreading vertiginously, mainly in the provinces of Luanda, Lunda Norte, Lunda Sul, Cuando Cubango and Cunene. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - November 30, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Guidance: Pandemic flu
Pandemic flu planning information for England and the devolved administrations, including guidance for organisations and businesses. (Source: PHPartners.org)
Source: PHPartners.org - November 28, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Global Health Is a Cause We Can All Get Behind
November 27, 2017None of us can afford to ignore the plights of other countries.“What is IntraHealth anyway?”A woman asked this as she approached our booth at aState Employees Combined Campaign event this year, where people who want to donate to good causes can connect to the organizations behind them. At first, I was glad she asked.“IntraHealth International is a nonprofit based in Chapel Hill and our focus is on health workers,” I said. “We believe—”“Health workers in America?”“No,” I said, “our work is primarily international. We currently work in 3...
Source: IntraHealth International - November 27, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: mnathe Source Type: news

Guidance: Pandemic Flu
United Kingdom Department of Health. 11/24/2017 This resource provides pandemic flu guidance for organizations and businesses, and brings together available information on a possible influenza pandemic in order to support planning at all levels of society. It provides a description of the risk, and discusses the United Kingdom influenza pandemic preparedness strategy. (Text) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - November 27, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Community based intervention to prevent domestic violence against women in the reproductive age in Northwestern Ethiopia: a protocol for quasi-experimental study - Semahegn A, Torpey K, Manu A, Assefa N, Ankomah A.
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is a well understood devastating global pandemic, and human right violation. One in three women experienced intimate partner violence worldwide. In Ethiopia, the level of domestic violence against women is one of the high... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 26, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news