Fat’s Heavy Burden on the World Economy
Jomo Kwame Sundaram was the Coordinator for Economic and Social Development at the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, and received the 2007 Wassily Leontief Prize for Advancing the Frontiers of Economic Thought. By Jomo Kwame SundaramKUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia, Mar 14 2016 (IPS)About 2.1 billion people are regarded as overweight or obese today, or almost thirty per cent of the world’s population. With over 800 million people estimated to be chronically hungry in the world, it appears that the number of overweight is more than 2.5 times the number of undernourished. Jomo Kwame Sundaram. C...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - March 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Jomo Kwame Sundaram Tags: Asia-Pacific Conferences Featured Food & Agriculture Global Headlines Health North America Population Source Type: news

Pandemic vs. Endemic vs. Outbreak: Terms to Know
Understanding epidemiological terms such as pandemic, endemic, and outbreak can be confusing, especially as more news emerges about Zika virus and dengue fever. Mayo Clinic infectious diseases specialist Dr. Pritish Tosh offers some insight. What is the difference among a pandemic, endemic and an outbreak? A pandemic refers to a global epidemic — one that has spread over [...] (Source: News from Mayo Clinic)
Source: News from Mayo Clinic - March 10, 2016 Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news

'Ban' on most hazardous virus experiments could be lifted this week
Experts meet in the US this week to thrash out fresh rules to govern studies which have the potential to create virulent and transmissible forms of virusesAn effective ban on experiments that make viruses more dangerous than natural strains could be lifted in the US if senior experts reach an agreement on strict new measures to oversee the work this week.Scientists, public health officials, and representatives from the White House and the Department of Homeland Security will meet on Thursday in Washington DC to thrash out fresh rules to govern the studies, the riskiest of which have the potential to unleash a global pandem...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - March 9, 2016 Category: Science Authors: Ian Sample Science editor Tags: Infectious diseases Science Epidemics Medical research World news Sars Microbiology Source Type: news

'Ban' on most hazardous virus experiments could be lifted after meeting this week
Experts meet in the US this week to thrash out fresh rules to govern studies which have the potential to create virulent and transmissible forms of virusesAn effective ban on experiments that make viruses more dangerous than natural strains could be lifted in the US if senior experts reach an agreement on strict new measures to oversee the work this week.Scientists, public health officials, and representatives from the White House and the Department of Homeland Security will meet on Thursday in Washington DC to thrash out fresh rules to govern the studies, the riskiest of which have the potential to unleash a global pandem...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - March 9, 2016 Category: Science Authors: Ian Sample Science editor Tags: Infectious diseases Science Epidemics Medical research World news Sars Microbiology Source Type: news

Vanderbilt researchers identify potential antibody treatment for H7 avian flu
(Vanderbilt University Medical Center) Researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center have isolated human antibodies against a type of bird flu that has killed more than 200 people in China since 2012 and which may pose a worldwide pandemic threat. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 9, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Tanzania: Public Health Education Will Help Curb Pandemics
[Daily News] The visit by the Director of the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Dr Tom Frieden, is highly appreciated by all Tanzanians. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - March 1, 2016 Category: African Health Source Type: news

When Zika Turns Deadlier: How Anti-Vaccination Misinformation Could Exacerbate an International Health Emergency
The world is in a frenzy over the Zika virus. Researchers established a link between its rise in Brazil and cases of congenital microcephaly in babies of infected pregnant women, with infants born with smaller than expected heads and improper brain development. As of November last year, Brazil's northeastern state of Pernambuco recorded 646 babies born with microcephaly. On February 1, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the virus and its suspected link to birth defects an international public health emergency. Though we don't yet understand the exact relationship between Zika and microcephaly, there is clear cau...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - February 29, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Catalog of Electronic Technologies Used for Data Collection at Vaccination Clinics
Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education. 12/30/2015This 30-page catalog details a number of electronic tools and technologies currently used by health departments and organizations to collect patient and vaccine information during mass vaccination clinics. During a pandemic, patient and vaccine information would need to be collected quickly, recorded into an electronic system, and reported to the jurisdiction's Immunization Information System (IIS). (PDF) Site requires free registration. (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - February 25, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Africa: The Scientific Journey of Aids From Despair to Cautious Hope
[The Conversation Africa] From our current perspective, it is easy to forget that at the beginning of the AIDS pandemic, scientists did not even know the identity of the infectious agent causing a rare immunodeficiency. Rapid scientific advancement was needed to implement even basic public health measures such as laboratory-based testing to identify infected individuals and screen the blood supply. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - February 23, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Zika Virus and Microcephaly: Need for More Research
As world health leaders continue to meet and seek ways to fight the Zika virus pandemic, the World Health Organization (WHO) has put together a $56 million Zika virus strategic response plan that includes fast-tracking research and development of vaccines. Currently, there is no vaccine for the mosquito-borne Zika virus which has now been found in 39 countries. [...] (Source: News from Mayo Clinic)
Source: News from Mayo Clinic - February 22, 2016 Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news

Time to ‘step up’ global response to Zika outbreak
WASHINGTON – Once again, the United States is ill-prepared to handle the threat of a global pandemic entering its borders and must commit resources to the development of a Zika virus vaccine, said... (Source: Pediatric News)
Source: Pediatric News - February 19, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: news

Georgetown ID specialist discusses global health leadership and Zika at ICID
(Georgetown University Medical Center) Georgetown infectious disease expert Daniel Lucey, M.D., M.P.H., will deliver a presentation titled 'WHO Reforms and UN Action' during the 'Ebola and Beyond: Preparing for the Next Pandemic' symposium March 3 at the 17th International Congress on Infectious Diseases in India. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 19, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Scientists: Zika virus has potential to go pandemic
(NaturalNews) There comes a time, when the complex challenges we face as individuals and as communities, force us to re-examine our relationship with our environment, our bodies and the natural world. The worldview that we are separate from one another has permeated every aspect of... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - February 16, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

European microbiology labs ‘well prepared’ for infectious disease threats
But licensing of labs and accreditation of tests need to be improved, says reportRelated items from OnMedicaDengue fever and West Nile virus threat to the UKCoronavirus ‘not yet reached pandemic potential’Better use of vaccines could help tackle antimicrobial resistance WHO responded 'too slowly' to Ebola warningsEuropean medicines regulator sets up Zika virus task force (Source: OnMedica Latest News)
Source: OnMedica Latest News - February 16, 2016 Category: UK Health Source Type: news

The Dark Side of World-Changing Technologies
This is the third installment of a five-part WorldPost series on the world beyond 2050. The series is adapted from the Nierenberg Prize Lecture by Lord Martin Rees in La Jolla, Calif. Part one is available here. Part two is here. Part four will be published next week. There are numerous novel technologies that will change society and empower individuals -- but they have a dark side that's all too frequently overlooked. Our world increasingly depends on elaborate networks: electric power grids, air traffic control, international finance, globally dispersed manufacturing and so forth. Unless these networks are highly resil...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - February 15, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news

Nigeria: Valentine's Day - NACA Harps On Abstinence
[Leadership] Abuja -As the world celebrates Valentine's Day on Sunday, the Director General of the National Agency for the Control of AIDS (NACA), Professor John Idoko, has urged all Nigerians of all age groups, especially the young ones to strive to access correct and accurate information about the pandemic of HIV/AIDS by abstinence from sex, keeping to a faithful partner, and using a condom. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - February 15, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

HSE seeks tender for flu vaccines in event of ‘pandemic’
Contract with provider could be activated in next four years but only in case of emergency (Source: The Irish Times - Health)
Source: The Irish Times - Health - February 15, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Zika virus confirmed in the UK with four cases of pandemic affecting pregnant women
Public Health England's Dr Dilys Morgan told a committee of MPs in Westminster that the four cases were 'travel associated' and not believed to have been contracted in the UK. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - February 10, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Brazilian government nullifies private property rights in fight against Zika ... Homes and property no longer 'private'
(NaturalNews) The latest act of political terrorism on the illusory world stage is yet another alleged disease epidemic – this time the "Zika Virus," which officials are warning (just like they did with Ebola) might turn into a global pandemic. And the martial law pandemonium... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - February 10, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

What's New with Pandemic Flu
The term “bird flu” refers to avian influenza viruses. The recently emerged avian H7N9 influenza viruses replicate efficiently in birds and in mammals. Although H7N9 viruses rarely infect humans, they were the cause of sporadic human infections in China in 2014. In this review, we focus on the avian H7N9 influenza virus, summarize the characteristic biological features, and assess its pandemic potential. We also review information about highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses as possible sources of pandemic outbreaks. (Source: Clinical Microbiology Newsletter)
Source: Clinical Microbiology Newsletter - February 7, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: Deborah A. Wildoner Source Type: news

Zika challenge similar to AIDS for medical community
With the Zika virus sweeping across the Americas and the number of birth defects in Brazil on the rise, a top Brazilian researcher has compared the Zika pandemic to the AIDS crisis of the 1980s. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - February 5, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

[This Week in Science] Varroa-vectored virus pandemic
Author: Caroline Ash (Source: ScienceNOW)
Source: ScienceNOW - February 5, 2016 Category: Science Authors: Caroline Ash Tags: Honey Bee Disease Source Type: news

Child-headed households in Rakai District, Uganda: a mixed-methods study - Collins L, Ellis M, Pritchard EW, Jenkins C, Hoeritzauer I, Farquhar A, Laverty O, Murray V, Nelson BD.
This study aims to describe the challenges to health and well-being for young people living ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 4, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Crisis Emergency Risk Communication (CERC): Pandemic Influenza
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 09/17/2015This two-page brochure provides information and tips about crisis emergency risk communication (CERC) during pandemic influenza, and its particular challenges. It discusses how CERC in a pandemic is different, including the need for messages about basic hygiene habits. The document includes information about the CERC Nine-Step Plan, a Pandemic Severity Index, and tips for creating messages. It can be printed double-sided on a 8.5" x 14" page and folded to the size of a wallet card. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - February 4, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

WHO Director-General summarizes the outcome of the Emergency Committee regarding clusters of microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome
I convened an Emergency Committee, under the International Health Regulations, to gather advice on the severity of the health threat associated with the continuing spread of Zika virus disease in Latin America and the Caribbean. The Committee met today by teleconference. In assessing the level of threat, the 18 experts and advisers looked in particular at the strong association, in time and place, between infection with the Zika virus and a rise in detected cases of congenital malformations and neurological complications. (Source: WHO news)
Source: WHO news - February 1, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: communicable disease [subject], infectious diseases, disease outbreaks [subject], outbreak, outbreaks, epidemics, pandemic, disease control, emergencies [subject], emergency preparedness, crises, emergency preparedness, emergencies [subject], emergency pr Source Type: news

What you need to know about Zika virus
Follow me at @JohnRossMD Last week, the government of El Salvador gave what might be the strangest public health advice of all time: don’t get pregnant for the next two years. Officials in Colombia, Ecuador, and Jamaica have also warned women to avoid pregnancy, although only for the next several months. The reason for these unusual recommendations? An outbreak of Zika virus, currently raging in 21 countries in the Americas and the Caribbean, as well as the U.S. Virgin Islands, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Samoa, and Cape Verde. Until recently, Zika was an obscure virus, confined to equatorial Africa and Asia, an...
Source: New Harvard Health Information - February 1, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: John Ross, MD, FIDSA Tags: Children's Health Family Planning and Pregnancy Infectious diseases Prevention Safety Source Type: news

What The Ebola Crisis Can Teach Us About Responding To The Zika Outbreak
Every week, The WorldPost asks an expert to shed light on a topic driving headlines around the world. Today, we speak with Georgetown University’s Daniel Lucey and Lawrence Gostin about the global response to the Zika virus. The World Health Organization was widely criticized for delays and mismanagement in its response to the Ebola crisis that ravaged three West African countries in 2014.  The Ebola virus has killed over 11,000 people, mostly in Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea, since 2013. Liberia and Guinea have recently been declared Ebola-free, although experts warn the virus can qu...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - January 30, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news

What The Ebola Crisis Can Teach Us About Responding To The Zika Outbreak
Every week, The WorldPost asks an expert to shed light on a topic driving headlines around the world. Today, we speak with Georgetown University’s Daniel Lucey and Lawrence Gostin about the global response to the Zika virus. The World Health Organization was widely criticized for delays and mismanagement in its response to the Ebola crisis that ravaged three West African countries in 2014.  The Ebola virus has killed over 11,000 people, mostly in Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea, since 2013. Liberia and Guinea have recently been declared Ebola-free, although experts warn the virus can qu...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - January 30, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

What The Ebola Crisis Can Teach Us About Responding To The Zika Outbreak
Every week, The WorldPost asks an expert to shed light on a topic driving headlines around the world. Today, we speak with Georgetown University’s Daniel Lucey and Lawrence Gostin about the global response to the Zika virus. The World Health Organization was widely criticized for delays and mismanagement in its response to the Ebola crisis that ravaged three West African countries in 2014.  The Ebola virus has killed over 11,000 people, mostly in Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea, since 2013. Liberia and Guinea have recently been declared Ebola-free, although experts warn the virus can qu...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - January 30, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news

Friday Feedback: Preparing for a Zika Virus Pandemic?
(MedPage Today) -- Steps U.S. and other countries should take to contain the outbreak (Source: MedPage Today Public Health)
Source: MedPage Today Public Health - January 29, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Zika: The Unexpected Pandemic
(MedPage Today) -- World remains unprepared as novel pathogens just keep coming (Source: MedPage Today Public Health)
Source: MedPage Today Public Health - January 29, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

NIH: Zika virus at "pandemic" level
World Health Organization warns the Zika virus is "spreading explosively" and could infect four million people by the end of the year (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - January 29, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Zika Virus has 'explosive pandemic potential' as World Health Organisation urged to act NOW 
Writing in the Journal of the American Medical Association, experts urged the World Health Organisation to convene an emergency committee of disease experts. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - January 28, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Rethinking the Global Health System
Chatham House: The Royal Institute of International Affairs. 09/23/2015This 54-page report identifies priority areas for reform as the global health architecture confronts emerging challenges in the post-2015 era. It discusses how the rapid transmission of Ebola across national borders in the 2014 outbreak demonstrated that states are increasingly vulnerable to disease threats emerging beyond their borders, and provided an impetus to transform the current system and improve surveillance, detection, and response to outbreaks in the future. Among the key changes and emerging trends in global health it identifies are concern ...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - January 28, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Zika virus linked to babies born with microcephaly
CNN's Shasta Darlington travels to the northeastern city of Recife, Brazil, considered ground zero of the Zika pandemic. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - January 27, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Malawi: President Mutharika Committed to Ending HIV Aids By 2030
[Malawi News Agency] Lilongwe -President Professor Peter Mutharika has said he is determined to completely eliminate HIV and AIDS pandemic by the year 2030. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - January 27, 2016 Category: African Health Source Type: news

JAMA Viewpoint: Emerging Zika pandemic requires more WHO action now
(O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law) The World Health Organization's Director-General should convene 'urgently' a meeting of International Health Regulations' Emergency Committee to advise on the emerging Zika pandemic and galvanize global action, say two Georgetown University professors. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - January 27, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Targeted School Closures Might Help Fight Pandemic FluTargeted School Closures Might Help Fight Pandemic Flu
In the event of another influenza pandemic, closing select schools or even just certain classrooms might limit social costs while slowing down spread of the disease more effectively than a nationwide shutdown, a new study estimates. Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape PublicHealth Headlines)
Source: Medscape PublicHealth Headlines - January 22, 2016 Category: Primary Care Tags: Infectious Diseases News Source Type: news

The hideout of the Black Death
Black Death, mid-fourteenth century plague, is undoubtedly the most famous historical pandemic. Within only five years it killed 30-50% of the European population. Unfortunately it didn't stop there. Plague resurged throughout Europe leading to continued high mortality and social unrest over the next three centuries. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - January 22, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news

Targeted school closures might help fight pandemic flu
In the event of another influenza pandemic, closing select schools or even just certain classrooms might limit social costs while slowing down spread of the disease more effectively than a nationwide shutdown, a new study estimates. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - January 21, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Nigeria: Why We Can't Tackle Lassa Fever Like Ebola - Adewole
[Guardian] Health Minister, Prof. Isaac Adewole, has lamented what he described as the culture of silence permeating the Nigerian society in reaction to the outbreak of Lassa fever pandemics in the country. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - January 21, 2016 Category: African Health Source Type: news

New Communication Strategies for Working with Different Sub-Populations/Target Groups
European Union, European Commission. 01/20/2015This 19-page document provides guidance on communicating with at-risk groups recommended for immunization in the European Union/European Economic Area countries. It presents a number of diagrams, tools, and templates that aim to assist health communicators draft effective communications for risk groups during every stage of a pandemic so that the risk groups accept and trust what they are being told. It discusses the importance of having plans that are flexible to deal with the unpredictable and changing nature of a pandemic scenario. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guid...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - January 20, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

New Communication Strategies for Health Agencies and Healthcare Professionals
European Union, European Commission. 01/20/2015This 41-page guidance document focuses on communication strategies tailored for health agencies to help increase the number of healthcare professionals who get vaccinated against flu. It discusses communication strategies for healthcare professionals about talking to non-vaccinated and vaccine-resistant patients about flu vaccination. While the document has a focus on pandemic flu, elements such as the use of a participatory approach to outbreak communications planning and the use of social media to reach target audiences are relevant strategies for the majority of outbreak co...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - January 20, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Malawi: Macoha Facilitates Mainstreaming of Disability Across Aids Service Organizations
[Malawi News Agency] Nsanje -The Malawi Council for the Handicapped (MACOHA) has embarked on a project dubbed 'HIV and Aids prevention and impact mitigation' to ensure improved quality of life and mitigate the impact of the pandemic for persons with disabilities through networking. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - January 18, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Global Health Risk Framework: Pandemic Financing; Workshop Summary
National Academies Press. 01/13/2016This 82-page document is the report from one of four workshops held in 2015 to explore the potential for improving international management and response to infectious disease outbreaks. The presentations and discussions from the Pandemic Financing Workshop are summarized in this report. The workshop sought to illuminate the financing tools available to close the gap between an infectious disease outbreak and response, as well as ways to fund the systems that could prevent epidemics from occurring in the first place. (Text) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - January 15, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

CDC: Evidence may link mosquito-borne virus, birth defects
U.S. health officials find worrying signs that the Zika virus may harm unborn babies; a "pandemic in progress" (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - January 14, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Preparing for pandemics could cost less than $1 each a year, review says
LONDON (Reuters) - Investing less than $0.72 a year for each person would make the world far more resilient to potentially devastating pandemics, according to a global health expert group convened in the wake of the Ebola crisis. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - January 13, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

New report: Future pandemics pose massive risks to human lives, global economic security
(National Academy of Sciences) Infectious disease outbreaks that turn into epidemics or pandemics can kill millions of people and cause trillions of dollars of damage to economic activity, says a new report from the international, independent Commission on a Global Health Risk Framework for the Future. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - January 13, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news