Maine to Eliminate Non-Medical Exemptions for Vaccinations
(AUGUSTA, Maine) — Democratic Gov. Janet Mills on Friday signed into law a bill that eliminates religious and philosophical exemptions for vaccinations in Maine. Maine has one of the highest rates of non-medical vaccine exemptions in the nation, and health officials say the opt-out rates appear to be rising. “As we hear more reports of measles and other preventable diseases in Maine and across the country, it has become clear that we must act to ensure the health of our communities,” said Democratic Rep. Ryan Tipping of Orono, the bill’s sponsor. Maine will end non-medical vaccine opt-outs by 2021 f...
Source: TIME: Health - May 24, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Associated Press Tags: Uncategorized Maine onetime vaccinations Source Type: news

Measles vaccination: 'All for one and one for all'
(Florida Atlantic University) A commentary by researchers addresses the specter of clinical, ethical, public health and legal concerns that have been raised because of the recent measles outbreaks in New York. So far, the outbreaks seem to have emanated from ultra-Orthodox Jewish residents whose affected children were never vaccinated. Their commentary is motivated in part by the availability of important and relevant data from a small case series of interviews conducted with ultra-Orthodox Jewish mothers in Williamsburg and Rockland counties. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - May 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Mumps and measles cases in England prompt vaccine call
There were 795 cases of mumps in the first three months of 2019, versus 1,031 in the whole of 2018. (Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition)
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - May 24, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

New plea for MMR vaccination as cases rise
795 cases of mumps and 231 of measles in first quarter of 2019 Related items fromOnMedica Parental confidence in immunisation programme ‘very high’ Results from children ’s flu jab pilots ‘encouraging’ World ’s first malaria vaccine piloted in Malawi babies HPA warns of possible measles epidemic Vaccination of children could target flu best (Source: OnMedica Latest News)
Source: OnMedica Latest News - May 24, 2019 Category: UK Health Source Type: news

New Hampshire Child Didn ’ t Have Measles, Had Vaccine Reaction
KEENE, N.H. (CBS) – A child in New Hampshire who was initially diagnosed with the measles last week actually had a reaction to the vaccine and is not infected with the virus, the state’s Department of Health and Human Services said Thursday. The department released a statement Sunday warning the public that a child had been diagnosed with infectious measles and had been at three locations in Keene. But further lab tests revealed that this was not an infection but rather a reaction to the MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) vaccine, which is made using a weakened version of the virus to build up a person’s immun...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - May 23, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Boston News Health Syndicated Local Measles New Hampshire News Source Type: news

Swimming, s'mores and shots: Camps harden vaccine rules in U.S. measles outbreak
As the United States battles its worst measles outbreak in 25 years, summer camps are tightening their policies on vaccines, with some prepared to turn away children whose parents opted not to vaccinate them against the disease. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - May 23, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Amid measles outbreaks, some want vaccination laws changed
With outbreaks reported around the country, measles are on the minds of many people, including some in New York who want stiffer vaccination laws. Legislative measures in the state, though, such as a bill earlier this month that would have mandated vaccinations for children to attend school and eliminated religious exemptions, failed to make it out of committee and to a vote in the state Assembly. Some states in recent years, to mixed revie ws from constituents, made it easier for parents to receive… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - May 23, 2019 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Patrick Connelly Source Type: news

Increase in Measles Cases -- US, January 1-April 26, 2019 Increase in Measles Cases -- US, January 1-April 26, 2019
Measles was declared eliminated in the United States in 2000, but recent outbreaks, driven by misinformation about the MMR vaccine, have occurred due to undervaccination in vulnerable communities.Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - May 22, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Public Health & Prevention Journal Article Source Type: news

Why some experts say it's time for Twitter and Facebook to ban anti-vaccination posts
As measles cases continue to rise in Canada and the U.S., experts are calling on social media platforms to ban anti-vaccination posts, saying the risks to public health created by misinformation outweigh the right to free speech. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - May 22, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Health Source Type: news

What Older Adults Need To Know About Measles And Shingles Vaccines
Here's what you need to know about vaccinations for measles and shingles, which can be serious for older adults. (Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News)
Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News - May 22, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Next Avenue, Contributor Source Type: news

Global Health: Measles Outbreak Now at 880 Cases, With Fastest Growth Still in New York
Warming weather usually slows transmission of the virus, but it is not clear that this outbreak is fading, experts said. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - May 21, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: DONALD G. McNEIL Jr. Tags: Measles Vaccination and Immunization Parenting Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Associated Press Clark County (Wash) Vashon Island (Wash) New York City your-feed-science Source Type: news

Measles Outbreak Now at 880 Cases, With Fastest Growth Still in New York
Warming weather usually slows transmission of the virus, but it is not clear that this outbreak is fading, experts said. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - May 21, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Donald G. McNeil Jr. Tags: Measles Vaccination and Immunization Parenting Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Associated Press Clark County (Wash) Vashon Island (Wash) New York City your-feed-science Source Type: news

California law led to an increase in childhood vaccination rates
(George Washington University) A first of its kind analysis published today by researchers at the George Washington University (GW) found that a 2016 California vaccine law boosted protective coverage against measles and other serious childhood diseases compared to states that acted as statistical controls. At the same time, the data also revealed a sharp increase in medical exemptions to the vaccine mandate, concentrated in a few California counties. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Call for a ‘no jab, no school’ rule to halt the spread of measles
A study warned that current vaccination policies are ‘not sufficient’ to prevent a deadly resurgence of the disease in the next three decades. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - May 17, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Measles: Experts call for compulsory vaccination
Misleading campaigns claiming jabs are dangerous have left countries vulnerable, researchers say. (Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition)
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - May 17, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Should we have compulsory measles vaccination at school entry?
Current measles vaccination policy might not give high enough coverage to prevent its resurgence Related items fromOnMedica Parental confidence in immunisation programme ‘very high’ Adjuvanted trivalent flu vaccine best option for over-65s Texting can improve flu jab uptake Most CCGs missing smoking target for pregnant women Type 2 diabetes in 10 times more young people than realised (Source: OnMedica Latest News)
Source: OnMedica Latest News - May 17, 2019 Category: UK Health Source Type: news

Sierra Leone: Health Ministry Targets Over 3.2 Million Children With Lifesaving Interventions
[Concord] This was made known last week at an orientation meeting held for District Health Education/Social Mobilization Officers and Heath Committee Chairpersons of Councils at the Atlantic Hall, National Stadium in Freetown he Ministry of Health and Sanitation in collaboration with UNICEF, WHO, GAVI and other Health Development Partners will soon embark on a Nationwide Measles Rubella Vaccination Campaign, reaching approximately 3.2 Million Children with Lifesaving Health Interventions, starting from Monday June 1 (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - May 16, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Current vaccination policies may not be enough to prevent measles resurgence
(BioMed Central) Current vaccination policies may not be sufficient to achieve and maintain measles elimination and prevent future resurgence in Australia, Ireland, Italy, the UK and the US, according to a study published in the open access journal BMC Medicine. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - May 16, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Non-profit tax filings of vaccine opponent shows donations jumped by $1 million in 1 year
The CDC reports there are now more than 10 times as many confirmed measles cases in 2019 as there were in the whole of 2010. The vast majority of infections are among unvaccinated people. Dr. Jon LaPook was at the New York Capitol Tuesday where protesters gathered to fight a bill to end religious exemptions for vaccines. (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - May 15, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Oregon vaccine bill dead as US measles count soars
A controversial bill to boost Oregon's vaccination rate is dead in the water as the national measles count continues to soar past levels not seen in decades (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - May 15, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Protesters rally as lawmakers consider ending religious vaccine exemptions
A measles outbreak in New York has taken place in Orthodox Jewish communities, where a pamphlet questioning vaccines has been circulating (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - May 15, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

What to Tell People Who Are Against Measles Vaccination What to Tell People Who Are Against Measles Vaccination
Dr Art Caplan discusses the measles outbreak and how to address new antivaccination arguments.Medscape Business of Medicine (Source: Medscape Internal Medicine Headlines)
Source: Medscape Internal Medicine Headlines - May 14, 2019 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Family Medicine/Primary Care Commentary Source Type: news

Chad: Measles Threatens All of Chad As Children Go Unvaccinated
[Thomson Reuters Foundation] Dakar -Chad's worst measles outbreak in years will soon spread to all parts of the country as vaccination rates are too low to stop an epidemic that has already hit thousands, the World Health Organization (WHO) said on Thursday. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - May 14, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Tracking down the people behind misinformation on measles vaccines
Protesters are gathering at the New York Capitol Tuesday to fight a bill to end religious exemptions for vaccines. All but three states allow religious exemptions as a reason not to vaccinate children. There are 839 confirmed measles cases across the country. The disease had been declared eliminated in the U.S. in 2000. Dr. Jon LaPook reports. (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - May 14, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

25 US counties identified as most at risk for measles outbreaks
(University of Texas at Austin) Twenty-five counties across the country have been identified to be most at risk for a measles outbreak due to low-vaccination rates compounded by a high volume of international travel, according to an analysis by researchers at The University of Texas at Austin and Johns Hopkins University. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - May 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Winning hearts and minds over vaccines
The World Health Organization listed vaccine hesitancy - when parents delay or withhold vaccines for their children - as one of the Top 10 health risks for 2019. Now, with more than 700 confirmed cases of measles in 23 states, public health officials are scrambling to put a stop to it. Dr. Jon LaPook reports on health experts using science as an antidote to misinformation about vaccines. (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - May 12, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

With Measles Crisis, Washington State Now Limits Vaccine Exemptions
On Friday, Washington Governor Jay Inslee (D) signed House Bill 1638 into law that would no longer allow parents to cite their personal and philosophical objections when trying to not vaccinate their kids against measles, mumps, and rubella. (Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News)
Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News - May 12, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Bruce Y. Lee, Contributor Source Type: news

Teaching anti-vax parents to trust science and the MMR vaccine
With hundreds of measles cases in the U.S., and approximately 110K global deaths from measles in 2017 (mostly children under five), public health experts are employing scientific facts as an antidote to vaccine misinformation (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - May 12, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Global Health: Where Will Measles Break Out Next? Chicago, Los Angeles or Miami, Scientists Predict
A new study ranks the risks in U.S. counties by the numbers of unvaccinated children and proximity to international airports. But no one predicted the outbreak in Brooklyn. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - May 11, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: DONALD G. McNEIL Jr. Tags: Measles Vaccination and Immunization Epidemics Lancet Infectious Diseases, The (Journal) Maps Jews and Judaism Airports Centers for Disease Control and Prevention University of Texas at Austin Texas Children's Hospital Hotez, Peter J Source Type: news

Washington State Limits Exemptions for Children Not Being Vaccinated
(VANCOUVER, Wash.) — Parents in Washington state will no longer be able to claim a personal or philosophical exemption for their children from receiving the combined measles, mumps and rubella vaccine before attending a day care center or school under a measure signed Friday by Gov. Jay Inslee. The state saw more than 70 cases of measles this year, and Inslee signed the bill at Vancouver City Hall, in the county where most of those cases were centered. The new law takes effect at the end of July. Inslee said that while the bill was an important step in public health, he warned it doesn’t do “everything ne...
Source: TIME: Health - May 10, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: GILLIAN FLACCUS and RACHEL LA CORTE / AP Tags: Uncategorized measles onetime washington Source Type: news

Media admits that 10% of those infected with measles were already vaccinated, and that measles vaccines don't even work after a few years
(Natural News) Though its official failure figure is somewhat questionable, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is finally admitting, at least, that the MMR vaccine for measles, mumps, and rubella doesn’t always work as claimed – and even when it seems like it does, the vaccine’s effectiveness always wanes over time. Rather... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - May 10, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Chad: 'The Measles Epidemic Declared in May 2018 Is Still Not Under Control'
[MSF] New York -MSF steps up its measles vaccination and medical response as year-long outbreak increases in intensity (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - May 10, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Mayo Clinic Q and A: Measles vaccine takes effect within weeks, also safeguards health of others
DEAR MAYO CLINIC: How long does it take to become immune from measles once one has gotten the measles vaccine? And given the current outbreak, would it be beneficial for me to get a booster vaccine even though I was vaccinated against measles as a child? ANSWER: The measles vaccine takes effect within weeks of [...] (Source: News from Mayo Clinic)
Source: News from Mayo Clinic - May 10, 2019 Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news

A Smackdown in the Kennedy Clan Summons Up the History of Presidents and Vaccines
Family quarrels are usually private things—unless of course, the family is famous. A public spat among boldface names broke out on May 8, when three members of the Kennedy clan published a piece on Politico declaring that Robert F. Kennedy, Jr.—son of Bobby Kennedy—has been “tragically wrong” in his years-long crusade against vaccines, a crusade that seems especially irresponsible now as the country suffers through its worst measles outbreak since 1994. Kennedy has become a hero of the anti-vax crowd with his persistent claims that vaccines contain deadly ingredients, particularly a mercury-ba...
Source: TIME: Health - May 9, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jeffrey Kluger Tags: Uncategorized History onetime Source Type: news

A Smackdown in the Kennedy Clan Summons Up the History of Presidents and Vaccines
Family quarrels are usually private things—unless of course, the family is famous. A public spat among boldface names broke out on May 8, when three members of the Kennedy clan published a piece on Politico declaring that Robert F. Kennedy, Jr.—son of Bobby Kennedy—has been “tragically wrong” in his years-long crusade against vaccines, a crusade that seems especially irresponsible now as the country suffers through its worst measles outbreak since 1994. Kennedy has become a hero of the anti-vax crowd with his persistent claims that vaccines contain deadly ingredients, particularly a mercury-ba...
Source: TIME: Science - May 9, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Jeffrey Kluger Tags: Uncategorized History onetime Source Type: news

Hepatitis A infections increased by nearly 300% over two years, report says
Hepatitis A, a vaccine-preventable illness, like measles, has made a resurgence among adults in the United States who are at risk for the infection, according to a new report. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - May 9, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

WHO Issues Warning as Measles Infects 34,000 in Europe This Year WHO Issues Warning as Measles Infects 34,000 in Europe This Year
More than 34,000 people across Europe caught measles in the first two months of 2019, with the vast majority of cases in Ukraine, the World Health Organization said on Tuesday as it urged authorities to ensure vulnerable people get vaccinated.Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape FamilyMedicine Headlines)
Source: Medscape FamilyMedicine Headlines - May 9, 2019 Category: Primary Care Tags: Infectious Diseases News Source Type: news

Why the measles outbreak has roots in today's political polarization
♪ Seizing our newborn infants,Blighting their lives with pain;Filling their veins with poison,Tainting each tender brain ♫So go the lyrics of theAnti-Compulsory Vaccination Hymn, circulated not by the modern-day anti-vaccine bandthe Refusers but by the Anti-Vaccination Society of America.... (Source: Los Angeles Times - Science)
Source: Los Angeles Times - Science - May 9, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Emily Baumgaertner Source Type: news

New analysis predicts top 25 US counties at risk for measles outbreaks
(Johns Hopkins University) A new analysis co-led by The Johns Hopkins University identified 25 United States counties that are most likely to experience measles outbreaks in 2019. The analysis combined international air travel volume, non-medical exemptions from childhood vaccinations, population data and reported measles outbreak information. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - May 9, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Measles – Tunisia
From 1 January through 30 April 2019, the Ministry of Health in Tunisia responded to a large measles outbreak in the country. A total of 3 141 suspected cases, of which 909 (28.9%) were laboratory confirmed and 1 236 (39.4 %) epidemiologically linked cases including 30 deaths (case fatality ratio=1.0 %), have been reported in all of the 24 governorates (range 1 – 1 274). The majority of cases were reported from Kasserine (1 274 cases) and Sfax (212 cases) governorates. In April 2019, four additional governorates were particularly affected with 155, 116, 93 and 69 cases reported from Kairouan, Tunis, Sousse and Nabeul...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - May 9, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Brother and Sister of Robert F. Kennedy Jr. Accuse Him of Spreading Misinformation on Vaccines
The relatives say the family has for decades been committed to vaccines and that Mr. Kennedy ’ s anti-vaccine messages are putting children at risk. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - May 9, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: RONI CARYN RABIN Tags: Vaccination and Immunization Measles Kennedy, Robert F Jr Kennedy, Joseph P II Townsend, Kathleen Kennedy Maeve Kennedy McKean Source Type: news

Measles and the canonical path to elimination
All World Health Organization regions have set measles elimination goals. We find that as countries progress toward these goals, they undergo predictable changes in the size and frequency of measles outbreaks. A country’s position on this "canonical path" is driven by both measles control activities and demographic factors, which combine to change the effective size of the measles-susceptible population, thereby driving the country through theoretically established dynamic regimes. Further, position on the path to elimination provides critical information for guiding vaccination efforts, such as the age pro...
Source: ScienceNOW - May 9, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Graham, M., Winter, A. K., Ferrari, M., Grenfell, B., Moss, W. J., Azman, A. S., Metcalf, C. J. E., Lessler, J. Tags: Epidemiology reports Source Type: news

Do Adults Need a Measles Booster Shot?
WEDNESDAY, May 8, 2019 -- New York's ongoing measles epidemic alarmed midtown Manhattan resident Deb Ivanhoe, who couldn't remember whether she'd ever been vaccinated as a child. So Ivanhoe, 60, sought out her long-time primary care doctor, who... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - May 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Dozens more New York City kids contract measles as officials struggle to contain the outbreak
Two of the newly-infected children, who had skipped their vaccines on religious grounds, are not part of the Orthodox Jewish community, which accounts for the vast majority of cases. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - May 7, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Oregon Advances Bill To End Vaccine Exemptions Amid Measles Outbreak
The state has the highest kindergarten vaccine exemption rate in the country. Democrats want to change that. (Source: Science - The Huffington Post)
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - May 7, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: news

New Jersey Office of EMS Offers Measles Guidance for First Responders
The New Jersey Department of Health (NJDOH) has received numerous inquiries regarding precautions that should be taken by first responders when evaluating and transporting persons with suspected measles infections. In light of recent measles cases/exposures and ongoing measles outbreaks in New Jersey and surrounding communities, the Department has updated recommendations for first responders, particularly those providing Emergency Medical Services care. In addition to routine infection prevention practices including standard precautions, NJDOH recommends the following:   1. Vaccination All first responders should ha...
Source: JEMS: Journal of Emergency Medical Services News - May 7, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: News Patient Care Source Type: news

New Jersey Office of EMS Offers Measles Guidance for First Responders
The New Jersey Department of Health (NJDOH) has received numerous inquiries regarding precautions that should be taken by first responders when evaluating and transporting persons with suspected measles infections. In light of recent measles cases/exposures and ongoing measles outbreaks in New Jersey and surrounding communities, the Department has updated recommendations for first responders, particularly those providing Emergency Medical Services care. In addition to routine infection prevention practices including standard precautions, NJDOH recommends the following:   1. Vaccination All first responders should ha...
Source: JEMS Patient Care - May 7, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: News Patient Care Source Type: news

UNICEF reports over 20 million children worldwide missed out on measles vaccine annually in past 8 years creating a pathway to current global outbreaks
It is estimated 169m children missed out on 1st dose between 2010 and 2017. US tops list of high-income countries with most children not receiving 1st dose, at>2.5m followed by France and UK with over 600,000 and 500,000 unvaccinated infants, respectively, during same period. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 7, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

U.S. Measles Count Rises, Driven by New York Outbreak
NEW YORK (AP) — U.S. health officials say at least 60 more measles cases have been reported, increasing a 2019 tally that is already the highest in 25 years. Officials on Monday said 764 cases have been reported as of last Thursday. It's the most in the U.S. since 1994, when 963 were reported. New York has had the most illnesses this year, by far. Last week's cases included 41 in New York City and 11 in nearby Rockland County. Most were unvaccinated people in Orthodox Jewish communities. In all, 23 states have reported cases this year. The latest to join the list is Pennsylvania. Measles was once common but gradually...
Source: JEMS: Journal of Emergency Medical Services News - May 7, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: News Source Type: news

Germany Considers Fines for Not Vaccinating Children Against Measles
As cases of the disease rise, the country ’ s health minister proposed barring school entry to pupils without immunization and a penalty of $2,800 for parents. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - May 7, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: MELISSA EDDY Tags: Measles Vaccination and Immunization Germany World Health Organization Parenting Europe Spahn, Jens Children and Childhood Fines (Penalties) Source Type: news