Guts and brains: How microbes in a mother ’s intestines affect fetal neurodevelopment
During pregnancy in mice, the billions of bacteria and other microbes that live in a mother ’s intestines regulate key metabolites, small molecules that are important for healthy fetal brain development,UCLA biologists report Sept. 23 in the journal Nature.While the maternal gut microbiota has been associated with abnormalities in the brain function and behavior of offspring — often in response to factors like infection, a high-fat diet or stress during pregnancy — scientists had not known until now whether it influenced brain development during critical prenatal periods and in the absence of such environ...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - September 23, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Mancarella receives $1.5 million to study cardiac muscle deterioration causes
(University of Tennessee Health Science Center) Salvatore Mancarella, PhD, associate professor in the Department of Physiology in the College of Medicine at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center, was recently awarded $1.52 million from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to support his investigations into the molecular-level causes of cardiac muscle deterioration. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - September 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Do rats like to be tickled?
Not all rats like to be tickled but by listening to their vocalisations it is possible to understand in real-time their individual emotional response, according to new research by the University of Bristol. The study, published today [21 September] in Current Biology, suggests that if this same relationship is observed for other situations, then it may be possible to use call patterns in rats to measure their emotional response and understand how best to improve their welfare. (Source: University of Bristol news)
Source: University of Bristol news - September 21, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: International, Research; Faculty of Life Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences, School of Physiology, Pharmacology and Neuroscience; Press Release Source Type: news

Wearables and deep learning classify fall risk from gait in multiple sclerosis - Meyer BM, Tulipani LJ, Gurchiek RD, Allen DA, Adamowicz L, Larie D, Solomon AJ, Cheney N, McGinnis R.
Falls are a significant problem for persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). Yet fall prevention interventions are not often prescribed until after a fall has been reported to a healthcare provider. While still nascent, objective fall risk assessments could... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The utility of the King-Devick test in evaluating professional ice hockey players with suspected concussion - Echemendia RJ, Thelen J, Meeuwisse W, Comper P, Hutchison MG, Rizos J, Bruce JM.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to (1) examine the diagnostic utility of the King-Devick (KD) in professional ice hockey players and (2) determine whether the KD provides unique variance in predicting a diagnosis of concussion when given in combin... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The effect of road-bike damping on neuromuscular short-term performance - Viellehner J, Potthast W.
The aim of this study was to understand if and how surface-induced vibrations and road bike damping affect short-term neuromuscular performance in cycling. Thirty cyclists (mass 75.9  ± 8.9 kg, height 1.82 ± 0.05 m, Vo2max 63.0 ± 6.8 ml/min/kg) pe... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Risk factors for falls among adults with intellectual disabilities: a narrative review - Pope J, Truesdale M, Brown M.
The objective of this review was to identif... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Reliability of a new test of balance function in healthy and concussion populations - Kis M.
Providing quantitative measures of balance and posture is a valuable aid in clinical assessment and in recent years several devices have been introduced that have demonstrated the accurate measure of balance via deviation of center of mass utilizing softwa... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Red and processed meat consumption and risk of depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis - Nucci D, Fatigoni C, Amerio A, Odone A, Gianfredi V.
Depression is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide, with more than 264 million people affected. On average, depression first appears during the late teens to mid-20s as result of a complex interaction of social, psychological and biological fa... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Orthostatic vital signs algorithm: decreasing falls in patients undergoing blood and marrow transplantation or treatment with cellular immunotherapy - Grady L, Klein J, Patterson AE, Pompos C, Reich RR, Mason TM.
BACKGROUND: Falls experienced by patients undergoing blood and marrow transplantation or treatment with cellular immunotherapy (BMT-CI) may result in injury or death. An algorithm was developed using the patient fall circumstances identified in a chart ana... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

New risk situations related to low noise from electric vehicles: perception of workers as pedestrians and other vehicle drivers - Pardo-Ferreira MC, Torrecilla-Garc ía JA, Heras-Rosas CL, Rubio-Romero JC.
Sales of electric and hybrid electric vehicles are increasing steadily worldwide, and consequently their presence increases in city areas. At low speeds, the low levels of noise produced by these vehicles could become a new risk factor for road users. Howe... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Neuroanatomical differences among sexual offenders: a targeted review with limitations and implications for future directions - Kirk-Provencher KT, Nelson-Aguiar RJ, Spillane NS.
As sexual assault and child sexual abuse continue to be worldwide public health concerns, research has continued to explore factors associated with sexual offending. Structural and functional neuroanatomical brain differences have been examined in an effor... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Less NMDA receptor binding in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and anterior cingulate cortex associated with reported early-life adversity but not suicide - Underwood MD, Bakalian MJ, Johnson VL, Kassir SA, Ellis SP, Mann JJ, Arango V.
Background Glutamate is an excitatory neurotransmitter binding to 3 classes of receptors, including the N-methyl, D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor. NMDA receptor binding is lower in major depression disorder and suicide. NMDA receptor blocking with ketamine ca... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Head impact telemetry system's video-based impact detection and location accuracy - Campbell KR, Marshall SW, Luck JF, Pinton GF, Stitzel JD, Boone JS, Guskiewicz KM, Mihalik JP.
This study aimed to quantify the Head Impact Telemetry (HIT) System's impact detection and location measurement accuracy using an impact biomechanics data set paired with video of high school football special teams plays. METHODS: The head imp... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Concussion: neurology film club with pandemic adaptation (comment) - Sawicka KM, Patel N, Kwan P, Wang J, Tyndel F.
The University of Toronto Neurology Film Club has run for 4 years and meets in the 101-year-old Hart House in the campus centre. In light of the ongoing pandemic, the residents, who organise the meetings, arranged for the latest film, Concussion, to be sho... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Concussion management guidelines neglect auditory symptoms - Theodoroff SM, Papesh M, Duffield T, Novak M, Gallun F, King L, Chesnutt J, Rockwood R, Palandri M, Hullar T.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

UCLA-led team of scientists discovers why we need sleep
Prolonged sleep deprivation can lead to severe health problems in humans and other animals. But why is sleep so vital to our health? A UCLA-led team of scientists has made a major advance in answering  this question and has shown for the first time that a dramatic change in the purpose of sleep occurs at the age of about 2-and-a-half.Before that age, the brain grows very rapidly. During REM sleep, when vivid dreams occur, the young brain is busy building and strengthening synapses — the structures that connect neurons to one another and allow them to communicate.“Don’t wake babies up during REM sleep...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - September 18, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

There ’s Only Weak Evidence For Vitamin-D As a COVID-19 Preventative—But Scientists Are Trying to Learn More
To protect himself from COVID-19, Dr. Anthony Fauci has long said he’s skipping hugs and handshakes, wearing a mask, and staying off of planes. Last week, he acknowledged adding another step to protect his health: taking supplements of vitamin-D. “If you are deficient in Vitamin-D, that does have an impact on your susceptibility to infection,” Fauci, head of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, said in an interview posted on Instagram last week. “So I would not mind recommending—and I do it myself—taking vitamin-D supplements.” However, while spurious claims t...
Source: TIME: Health - September 17, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tara Law Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news

Diet posttranslationally modifies the mouse gut microbial proteome to modulate renal function
Associations between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the gut microbiota have been postulated, yet questions remain about the underlying mechanisms. In humans, dietary protein increases gut bacterial production of hydrogen sulfide (H2S), indole, and indoxyl sulfate. The latter are uremic toxins, and H2S has diverse physiological functions, some of which are mediated by posttranslational modification. In a mouse model of CKD, we found that a high sulfur amino acid–containing diet resulted in posttranslationally modified microbial tryptophanase activity. This reduced uremic toxin–producing activity and ameliorate...
Source: ScienceNOW - September 17, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Lobel, L., Cao, Y. G., Fenn, K., Glickman, J. N., Garrett, W. S. Tags: Medicine, Diseases, Microbiology reports Source Type: news

The influence of variable message signs on en-route diversion between a toll highway and a free competing alternative - Romero F, Gomez J, Rangel T, Jurado-Pi ña R, Vassallo JM.
In the field of road transport, Advanced Traveller Information Systems represent a relevant tool to manage road traffic, improve drivers' utility and make a more efficient use of transport infrastructure. Due to the growing sources of en-route information ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Exploratory analysis of real-time e-scooter trip data in Washington, D.C - Zou Z, Younes H, Erdo ğan S, Wu J.
The proliferation of micromobility, evolving from station-based to dockless bikeshare programs, has dramatically accelerated since 2017 with an influx of investment from the private sector to a new product, dockless e-scooter share. As an alternative to pe... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Controlling urban traffic-one of the useful methods to ensure safety in Wuhan based on COVID-19 outbreak - Chen Y, Wang Y, Wang H, Hu Z, Hua L.
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) broke out in Wuhan, China. As of March 9, 2020, this epidemic has occurred in 102 countries and caused 3584 deaths with global serious concern. To cope with the outbreak, Chinese governments have strictly controlled urba... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Fatal injury by air gun: a case report - Dumencic B, Rajc J, Pavokovi ć D, Damjanović T.
The popularity of air weapons is increasing. They are often viewed as toys, rather than potentially lethal weapons. Regulations on purchase and ownership of air weapons differ from country to country. The majority of fatal and non-fatal air gun accidents i... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Neurobiology and crime: a neuro-ethical perspective - Focquaert F.
Current neurobiological research in the field of criminology focuses on the neurobiological characteristics associated with antisocial behavior, the prediction of antisocial behavior later in life based on neurobiological risk factors, and the ways in whic... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Traumatic diaphragmatic rupture: delayed presentation following a SCUBA dive - Toh PY, Parys S, Watanabe Y.
Traumatic diaphragmatic rupture (TDR) is a rare yet life-threatening occurrence that remains a diagnostic challenge for clinicians. Delayed presentation with associated strangulation of the contents, although uncommon, requires emergent management. A 42-ye... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Frequency of peripheral vestibular pathology following traumatic brain injury: a  systematic review of literature - Šarkić B, Douglas JM, Simpson A, Vasconcelos A, Scott BR, Melitsis LM, Spehar SM.
OBJECTIVE: To establish the frequency of occurrence of peripheral vestibular dysfunction in adults who have sustained non-blast-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) as measured through the standard audiological vestibular test battery. DESIGN: A system... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Evaluating the effectiveness of on-road driving remediation following acquired brain injury: a wait-list feasibility study with follow-up - Bassingthwaighte L, Griffin J, Fleming J, Gustafsson L.
INTRODUCTION: Return to driving is an important goal for people recovering from acquired brain injury. Occupational therapy driving assessments aim to determine the impact of acquired brain injury on a person's capacity to drive and may include on-road dri... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

When anger motivates: approach states selectively influence running performance - Giles GE, Horner CA, Anderson E, Elliott GM, Bruny é TT.
Emotional states are thought to influence athletic performance. Emotions characterized by high arousal enhance exercise performance. Extant research has focused on the valence and arousal dimensions of emotions, but not whether the motivational dimension (... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The impact of e-cycling on travel behaviour: a scoping review - Bourne JE, Cooper AR, Kelly P, Kinnear FJ, England C, Leary S, Page A.
INTRODUCTION: Electrically assisted bicycles (e-bikes) have become increasingly popular in the past decade. This review aimed to scope the literature to identify what is known about the frequency and duration of e-bike use, their impact on travel behaviour... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The effect analysis of emotional intelligence and work environment on employee performance with organizational commitment as intervening variables in PT Berkat Bima Sentana - Edward YR, Purba K.
This study aims to determine the effect of emotional intelligence and work environment on employee performance through organizational commitment at PT. Berkat Bima Sentana. This research was conducted at PT. Berkat Bima Sentana which lasts for 6 (six) mont... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Statistical analysis of safety performance of displaced left-turn intersections: case studies in San Marcos, Texas - Qu W, Sun Q, Zhao Q, Tao T, Qi Y.
Displaced left-turn (DLT) intersections are designed to increase the mobility of vehicles by relocating the left-turn lane (lanes) to the far-left side of the road upstream of the main signalized intersection. Since DLT is a relatively new design and very ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Sport concussion assessment tool symptom inventory: healthy and acute postconcussion symptom factor structures - Anderson M, Petit KM, Bretzin AC, Elbin RJ, Stephenson-Brown K, Covassin T.
CONTEXT: Previous researchers have examined factor structures for common concussion symptom inventories. However, they failed to discriminate between the acute (... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Risk of significant traumatic brain injury in adults with minor head injury taking direct oral anticoagulants: a cohort study and updated meta-analysis - Fuller G, Sabir L, Evans R, Bradbury D, Kuczawski M, Mason SM.
BACKGROUND: Patients taking direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) commonly undergo CT head imaging after minor head injury, regardless of symptoms or signs. However, the risk of intracranial haemorrhage (ICH) in such patients is unclear, and further research ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Resilient trade-offs between safety and profitability: perspectives of sharp-end drivers in Beijing taxi service system - Tian J, Wang ZLAF.
BACKGROUND: Trade-offs are common behaviors of resilient systems, when the systems adapt to changing situations to meet multiple goals. OBJECTIVE: In the context of Beijing taxi service system (BTSS), this work investigates the sharp-end taxi drive... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Purpose-dependent consequences of temporal expectations serving perception and action - van Ede F, Rohenkohl G, Gould I, Nobre AC.
Temporal expectations enable anticipatory brain states that prepare us for upcoming perception and action. We investigated the purpose-dependent nature and consequences of cued temporal expectations on brain and behaviour in male and female human volunteer... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Aggressive behavior in psychiatric patients in relation to hormonal imbalance (Review) - Trifu SC, Tudor A, Radulescu I.
Aggressive behavior is one of the main characteristics of different psychiatric disorders such as: personality disorders (antisocial personality disorder, borderline personality disorder), schizophrenia, intermittent explosive disorder, post-traumatic stre... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Volleyball-related adult maxillofacial trauma injuries: a NEISS database study - Reich JS, Cohn JE, Othman S, Shokri T, Ducic Y, Sokoya M.
INTRODUCTION: Craniofacial trauma among athletes of various sports has been well detailed and described. Despite this research, there is a dearth of literature describing the nature of facial trauma secondary to volleyball, despite its global popularity. ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 10, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Association between dopamine beta-hydroxylase polymorphism and attention function in suicide attempters with chronic schizophrenia - Hui L, Hu WM, Zhu ZH, Gao ST, Han M, Fan Y, Tian Q, Yin XY, Yuan Y, Jiang CX, Yin GZ, Jia QF, Zhang XY.
BACKGROUND: Patients with schizophrenia are at a higher risk for suicide compared with the general population. Dopamine beta-hydroxylase (D βH) plays a key role in the conversion of dopamine to norepinephrine, which is related to suicidal behavior and cogn... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 10, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

LSU Health study 1st to show nonharmful stress protects against disease in offspring
(Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center) Research led by Jeff Gidday, PhD, Professor of Ophthalmology, Biochemistry, Neuroscience, and Physiology at LSU Health New Orleans School of Medicine, reports what is believed to be the first study in a mammalian model documenting the reprogramming of heritability to promote disease resilience in the next generation. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - September 10, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Keeping rhythm requires communication
(Source: ScienceNOW)
Source: ScienceNOW - September 10, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Kiberstis, P. A. Tags: Molecular Biology, Physiology twis Source Type: news

The hepatocyte clock and feeding control chronophysiology of multiple liver cell types
Most cells of the body contain molecular clocks, but the requirement of peripheral clocks for rhythmicity and their effects on physiology are not well understood. We show that deletion of core clock components REV-ERBα and REV-ERBβ in adult mouse hepatocytes disrupts diurnal rhythms of a subset of liver genes and alters the diurnal rhythm of de novo lipogenesis. Liver function is also influenced by nonhepatocytic cells, and the loss of hepatocyte REV-ERBs remodels the rhythmic transcriptomes and metabolomes of multiple cell types within the liver. Finally, alteration of food availability demonstrates the hierarc...
Source: ScienceNOW - September 10, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Guan, D., Xiong, Y., Trinh, T. M., Xiao, Y., Hu, W., Jiang, C., Dierickx, P., Jang, C., Rabinowitz, J. D., Lazar, M. A. Tags: Molecular Biology, Physiology reports Source Type: news

Investigation of the impact of an ADCY2 polymorphism as a predictive biomarker in bipolar disorder, suicide tendency and response to lithium carbonate therapy: the first report from Iran - Aghabozorg Afjeh SS, Shams J, Hamednia S, Boshehri B, Olfat A, Omrani MD.
High rates of mortality due to both suicide and medical comorbidities in bipolar patients can be decreased through the administration of lithium, which affects the cerebral endothelium as well as neurons. To investigate the role of ADCY2 in risk of bipolar... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Development of the protocol of the occupational risk assessment method for construction works: level of preventive action - Carpio-de Los Pinos AJ, Gonz ález-García MLN.
Risk assessment on a construction site is based on the probability and consequences of the accident. But due to the complexity of the construction processes, this new methodology for the evaluation of occupational risks, called Level of Preventive Action, ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 8, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Are screening by yoga instructors and their practice patterns important to prevent injuries in yoga clients? - Lein DH, Singh H, Kim SJ.
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Little information exists regarding the association of yoga-related injuries with yoga instructor (YI) practice patterns. Therefore, this cross-sectional survey examined the screening and practice characteristics of YI and its relat... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 8, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A computational account of threat-related attentional bias - Wise T, Michely J, Dayan P, Dolan RJ.
Visual selective attention acts as a filter on perceptual information, facilitating learning and inference about important events in an agent's environment. A role for visual attention in reward-based decisions has previously been demonstrated, but it rema... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 8, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

New nanosystem from Tel Aviv university enhances treatment for melanoma in animal models
(American Friends of Tel Aviv University) Researchers at Tel Aviv University, led by Prof. Ronit Satchi-Fainaro of TAU's Department of Physiology and Pharmacology at the Sackler School of Medicine, have developed an innovative nanotechnological drug delivery system that significantly enhances the effectiveness of treatment for the aggressive skin cancer melanoma. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - September 8, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Survival rates and biomarkers in a large animal model of traumatic brain injury combined with two different levels of blood loss - Mayer AR, Dodd AB, Ling JM, Stephenson DD, Rannou-Latella JG, Vermillion MS, Mehos CJ, Johnson VE, Gigliotti AP, Dodd RJ, Chaudry IH, Meier TB, Smith DH, Bragin DE, Lai C, Wagner CL, Guedes VA, Gill JM, Kinsler R.
INTRODUCTION: The pathology resulting from concurrent traumatic brain injury (TBI) and hemorrhagic shock (HS; TBI+HS) are leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide following trauma. However, the majority of large animal models of TBI+HS have util... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Sport concussion assessment tool: baseline and clinical reference limits for concussion diagnosis and management in elite rugby union - Tucker R, Falvey EC, Fuller GW, Hislop MD, Patricios J, Raftery M.
OBJECTIVES: Rugby Union has adapted the Sports Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT) into an abridged off-field concussion screen and the complete SCAT is used during diagnostic screens performed after head impact events. No firm guidelines exist as to what sh... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Retinal periphery is insensitive to sudden transient motion - Anstis S.
Peripherally viewed targets moved around against a background of random dynamic noise. Slow movements were visible, fast movements were not. Thus, a target that repetitively drifted to the right and snapped back appeared to drift endlessly to the right wit... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Investigation of the injury rate of female fitness competitors - Waryasz GR, Gil JA, Chiou D, Ferreira K, Eberson CP.
BACKGROUND: Female fitness competitions are increasing in popularity. Athletes are participating in weight-cutting protocols to help reduce body fat percentage to improve muscle definition and physique. METHODS: The goal of the study was to investigate... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news