Depression and suicidal ideation among patients with cancer in the United States: a population-based study - Abdel-Rahman O.
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between cancer diagnosis and depression and suicidal ideation in a population-based cohort in the United States. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study based on the National Health and Nutrition Examination S... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Concussions in the National Football League: the evolution of video review for assessing the frequency and reliability of visible signs - Zuckerman SL, Elbin RJ, Sills AK, Crandall JR, Lessley DJ, Moran CM, Moran CD, Solomon GS.
Background: The use of video review to document visible signs (VS) of sport-related concussion in the National Football League (NFL) is a novel method to recognize head injuries.Hypothesis/Purpose: The current pilot studies used varying metho... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Susceptibility to the fusion illusion is modulated during both action execution and action observation - Welsh TN, Reid C, Manson G, Constable MD, Tremblay L.
Many researchers have proposed that when an individual observes the actions of another individual, the observer simulates the action using many of the same neural areas that are involved in action production. The present study was designed to test this sim... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Surveillance and analysis of death causes of Shenzhen residents from 1994 to 2013 - Tang pure D, Jian L, Yingbin F, Liping L, Yongsheng W.
OBJECTIVE To analyze the characteristics of the causes of injury deaths of Shenzhen residents from 1994 to 2013, and to provide a scientific basis for the formulation of injury prevention measures and strategies. The method data was derived from the death ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Sex differences in brain gene expression among suicide completers - Cabrera-Mendoza B, Fresno C, Monroy-Jaramillo N, Fries GR, Walss-Bass C, Glahn DC, Ostrosky-Wegman P, Mendoza-Morales RC, Garcia-Dolores F, D íaz-Otañez CE, González-Sáenz EE, Genis-Mendoza AD, Martinez-Magaña JJ, Romero-Pimentel AL, Flores G, Vázquez-Roque RA, Nicolini H.
BACKGROUND: Suicide rates vary substantially by sex. Suicides committed by males significantly outnumber female suicides. Disparities in community and social factors provide a partial explanation for this phenomenon. Thus, the evaluation of sex differences... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Risks of seizure with fatal traffic crash at wheel in people with epilepsy - Nishida T, Kawai K, Tachimori H.
PURPOSE: The Japanese authorities require a 2-year seizure-free period for a driver's license in people with epilepsy. To evaluate the stringency of the criteria, we calculated the risk of fatal traffic crashes by epileptic seizure and compared that to the... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Results analysis of occupational physical examination for major occupational hazards exposed laborer in 2018 in Guangzhou - Rong X, Guo JY, Wang Z.
Objective: To analyze the results of occupational physical examination for major occupational hazard exposed laborer in 2018 in Guangzhou, to provide scientific basis for occupational health supervise. Methods: In January 2019, descriptive ep... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Research progress of BP neural network in road traffic injury prediction -
This study c... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Quit being so rigid: how traditional gait analysis assumptions confound our understanding of ankles, feet, footwear and biomechanics - Zelik K, Honert E.
The human foot is traditionally modeled as a single rigid element in gate analysis studies ... Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Physical injury and sports medicine -
Participating in physical activity (PA) is beneficial to people's physical and mental health, but there is also a risk of injury in the process of PA. Physical activity-related injury (PARI) and fear of injury are important obstacles to public participatio... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Depression and suicidality: a link to premature T helper cell aging and increased Th17 cells - Carmen S, Valles-Colomer M, Arolt V, M üller N, Raes J, Wijkhuijs A, Claes S, Drexhage H, Elske V.
BACKGROUND: Previous research has demonstrated a strong link between immune system abnormalities and Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). High suicide risk is a major complication of MDD and has recently been linked to strong (neuro-)immune alterations, but li... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Assessing BDNF as a mediator of the effects of exercise on depression - Szuhany KL, Otto MW.
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is associated with neuronal growth and reduced BDNF has been implicated in depression. A recent meta-analysis documented reliable effects of exercise on BDNF levels (Szuhany et al., 2015); although, few studies incl... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Analysis of the trend of injury accidents in coal mines in China - Zhang T, Sun J, Zhou H.
OBJECTIVE To analyze the characteristics of socioeconomic factors and accident injury data, study its characteristics and trends, and provide a basis for establishing injury prevention and control mechanisms. METHODS According to the data of accide... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Acute ethanol exposure rapidly alters cerebellar and cortical microglial physiology - Stowell RD, Majewska AK.
Alcohol use is highly prevalent in modern society and ramifications of alcohol abuse pose a large public health concern. Previous work investigating the effects of alcohol exposure on the brain have implicated microglia, the resident immune cells of the ce... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Use of hazard indices for inter-city recreational accident occurrence through in order to analyze road safety status - Tanzadeh J, Amiri M, Nazari H, Naderi K.
Considering the high number of inter-city recreational travels during Nowruz holidays in Iran and the changes in travel patterns, these holidays are a potential high-risk period. In this research, hazard indices of accident occurrence during these holidays... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Review of percent time spent following (PTSF) as performance measure for two-lane highways - Parti R, Singh I.
Percent Time Spent Following (PTSF) is implemented by the Highway Capacity Manual (HCM) as a key service measure for evaluating the level of service of two-lane highways. However, to measure PTSF directly in the field is complicated. Because of this compli... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

How the cockpit manages anomalies: revisiting the dynamic fault management model for aviation - Carim GC, Saurin TA, Dekker SWA.
More than 20  years ago, Woods proposed a model that accounts for the inherent complexity faced by operators when managing abnormal and emergency situations in highly complex sociotechnical systems. The model was reviewed a decade later and only a few stud... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Assessment of wheelchair skills based on analysis of driving style - Gacem A, Monacelli E, Wang T, Rabreau O, Al-ani T.
In this paper, we propose a learning assessment method based on the analysis of learner's behavioural style. This method was first applied for wheel-chair driving tasks because it is simple and risk-free, but unusual for users. Seven classic performance in... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Investigating the relationship between mental state (workload and affect) and physiology in a control room setting (ship bridge simulator) - Wulvik AS, Dybvik H, Steinert M.
This paper discusses how to investigate the human element in a control room setting in terms of situational settings (monitoring and active control) and mental state (workload and affect). We show an explorative experiment in a ship bridge simulator contex... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Third-culture kid pilots and multi-cultural identity effects on pilots' attitudes - Tsz-Kin Chan W, Harris D.
BACKGROUND: Current attempts to culturally tailor human factors training in aviation segregates cultural identities based on geopolitical, passport nationality, and is therefore poorly suited for (adult) 'Third Culture Kids' (TCKs) whose cross-cultu... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Safety implications of 6-month vs. 1-year first-class aeromedical certificates - Mills WD, DeJohn CA.
This study explores the safety risk due to delayed detection of hazardous health conditions that would result from increasing the duration of U.S. first-class aeromedical certificates from 6 mo to 12 mo for pilots ages 40 yr old throug... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Motion of the head and neck of female and male volunteers in rear impact car-to-car tests at 4 and 8 km/h - Carlsson A, Siegmund G, Linder A, Svensson M.
Whiplash injuries account for approximately 70% of all injuries leading to disability, induced by modern vehicle crashes. Females are at greater risk for sustaining whiplash injuries than males, which may be attributable to differences in the physiology of... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Flight performance aspects during military helicopter flights - Steinman Y, van den Oord MHAH, Frings-Dresen MHW, Sluiter JK.
INTRODUCTION: A flight is composed of many flight performance aspects. However, not all of these aspects are equally important for the success and safety of a flight. When investigating the influence of a stressor on flight performance, it is import... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Differential expression of circulating inflammatory proteins following sport-related traumatic brain injury - Begum G, Reddy R, Yakoub KM, Belli A, Davies DJ, Di Pietro V.
Sport-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) elicits a multifaceted inflammatory response leading to brain injury and morbidity. This response could be a predictive tool for the progression of TBI and to stratify the injury of which mild TBI is most prevalen... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Correlation of cognitive scores and the onset of hypoxia - Arjun R, Acharya S, Shender BS, Rorres C, Hrebien L, Kam M.
In this study we assess the correlation of performance in the SynWin cognitive Multi-Task Battery (MTB) and the onset of hypoxia and describe the us... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Cone contrast test for color vision deficiency screening among a cohort of military aircrew applicants - Chay IW, Lim SWY, Tan BBC.
PURPOSE: To evaluate the use of the Cone Contrast Test (CCT) as a color vision screening tool in an Asian population of aircrew applicants and compare it against the Ishihara Psuedo Isochromatic Plates (PIP) - Edridge Lantern Test (ELT) screening pa... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Capacity to compensate for central hypovolemia and effects of menstrual cycle phases - Convertino VA, Schlotman TE, Stacey W, Hinojosa-Laborde C.
BACKGROUND: Tolerance to central hypovolemia is dictated by exhaustion of the physiological capacity to compensate called the compensatory reserve. Such physiological compromise can have detrimental impact on performance in aerospace environments as... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Barodontalgia among aircrew and divers - Nakdimon I, Zadik Y.
BACKGROUND: Barodontalgia, barometric pressure-induced dental pain, may jeopardize diving/flight safety. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the rate of barodontalgia among military and civilian divers and aircrews based on previous... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Asthma and rotary-wing military aircrew selection - Porter WD, Powell-Dunford N, Wilde GD, Bushby AJR.
BACKGROUND: From a population-based perspective, reports in the peer-reviewed medical literature suggest an increase in the overall prevalence of asthma in recent decades. Applicants for military aviation training with a current or past history of a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Flight anxiety reported from 1986 to 2015 - Grimholt TK, Bonsaksen T, Schou-Bredal I, Heir T, Lerdal A, Skogstad L, Ekeberg Ø.
BACKGROUND: Fear of flying is one of the most common phobias. It hinders people in performing their work and hampers family relations. Even though flight traffic has increased, there are new fears. Valid studies are needed to answer whether there ha... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Speakers announced for 2020 Experimental Biology meeting
(Experimental Biology) Renowned scientists including Nobel laureates, research pioneers and celebrated educators will convene at the Experimental Biology (EB) 2020 meeting, to be held April 4-7 in San Diego. Bringing together more than 12,000 life scientists in one interdisciplinary community, EB showcases the latest advances in anatomy, biochemistry, molecular biology, investigative pathology, pharmacology and physiology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - February 18, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Study reveals how low oxygen levels in the heart predispose people to cardiac arrhythmias
(University of California - Irvine) Low oxygen levels in the heart have long been known to produce life-threatening arrhythmias, even sudden death. Until now, it was not clear how. New findings, in a study led by Steve A. N. Goldstein, MD, PhD, vice chancellor for Health Affairs at the University of California, Irvine, and distinguished professor in the UCI School of Medicine Departments of Pediatrics and Physiology& Biophysics, reveal the underlying mechanism for this dangerous heart disorder. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Practical management: prescribing subsymptom threshold aerobic exercise for sport-related concussion in the outpatient setting - Bezherano I, Haider MN, Willer BS, Leddy JJ.
Exercise intolerance is an objective biomarker of the physiological dysfunction after sport-related concussion (SRC). Several trials have established the safety and clinical efficacy of subsymptom threshold aerobic exercise prescribed within 1 week of inju... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Physical activity interventions for adults who are visually impaired: a systematic review and meta-analysis - Sweeting J, Merom D, Astuti PAS, Antoun M, Edwards K, Ding D.
OBJECTIVES: Compared with sighted individuals, people with visual impairment have a higher prevalence of chronic conditions and lower levels of physical activity. This review aims to systematically review physical activity interventions for those with a vi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Interconnection between driving style, traffic locus of control, and impulsivity in Bulgarian drivers - Totkova Z.
The need for research in the field of transport psychology in Bulgaria has become more tangible in recent years, due to both the increased public intolerance to aggressive driving and the very high number of injuries and fatalities in road accidents in the... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Educational interventions to improve safety and health literacy among agricultural workers: a systematic review - Coman MA, Marcu A, Chereches RM, Lepp älä J, Van den Broucke S.
Health and safety education for farmers has the potential to increase the level of health, safety literacy, and thereby improve farmers' health and quality of life. The aim of this paper is to provide a systematic review of the published literature documen... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Brain differences associated with self-injurious thoughts and behaviors: a meta-analysis of neuroimaging studies - Huang X, Rootes-Murdy K, Bastidas DM, Nee DE, Franklin JC.
This meta-analysis aims to evaluate whether the extant literature justifies any definitive conclusions about whether and how SITBs may be associated with brain differences. A total of 77 papers (N  = 4,903) published through January 1, 2019 that compare... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Left Atrial Appendage: Structure, Physiology, and Pathogenesis Left Atrial Appendage: Structure, Physiology, and Pathogenesis
Explore the structure, function, and pathophysiology of the left atrial appendage in this comprehensive overview. What is its role in cardiac hemodynamics, thrombogenesis, and arrhythmogenesis?Europace (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - February 17, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Cardiology Journal Article Source Type: news

Major depressive disorder and insomnia: exploring a hypothesis of a common neurological basis using waking and sleep-derived heart rate variability - Eddie D, Bentley KH, Bernard R, Yeung A, Nyer M, Pedrelli P, Mischoulon D, Winkelman JW.
It remains unclear whether neurobiological dysfunction observed in major depressive disorder (MDD) and insomnia is an expression of common or independent bases. The present investigation sought to explore differences in heart rate variability (HRV)-a widel... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Hyperchloremia, not concomitant hypernatremia, independently predicts early mortality in critically ill moderate-severe traumatic brain injury patients - Ditch KL, Flahive JM, West AM, Osgood ML, Muehlschlegel S.
BACKGROUND: Hypernatremia has been associated with mortality in neurocritically ill patients, with and without traumatic brain injury (TBI). These studies, however, lack concomitant adjustment for hyperchloremia as a physiologically co-occurring finding de... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Changes in duration and intensity of the world's top-level badminton matches: a consideration of the increased acute injuries among elite women's singles players - Iizuka T, Hirano K, Atomi T, Shimizu M, Atomi Y.
The purpose of this study was to clarify whether there have been any specific changes in the characteristics of the world's top-level women's singles badminton matches compared to men's singles matches after the current badminton scoring system was impleme... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Biomarkers for traumatic brain injury: data standards and statistical considerations - Huie JR, Mondello S, Lindsell C, Antiga L, Yuh EL, Zanier ER, Masson S, Rosario B, Ferguson AR.
Recent biomarker innovations hold potential for transforming diagnosis, prognostic modeling, and precision therapeutic targeting of traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, many biomarkers, including brain imaging, genomics, and proteomics involve vast quant... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Suicide attempts requiring hospitalization in patients with eating disorders: a retrospective cohort study - Cliffe C, Shetty H, Himmerich H, Schmidt U, Stewart R, Dutta R.
OBJECTIVE: Suicide attempts requiring hospitalization are known to be common in patients who are diagnosed with eating disorders. Attempting suicide is a major indicator for those at risk of completed suicide. Both the specific eating disorder diagnosis an... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Beyond the brain: peripheral interactions following traumatic brain injury - Sharkey JM, McDonald SJ, Sun M, Kaukas L, Shultz SR, Turner R, Leonard AV, Brady RD, Corrigan F.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and disability, and there are currently no pharmacological treatments known to improve patient outcomes. Unquestionably contributing towards a lack of effective treatments is the highly complex and h... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Analysis of running-related injuries: the Vienna Study - Benca E, Listabarth S, Flock FKJ, Pablik E, Fischer C, Walzer SM, Dorotka R, Windhager R, Ziai P.
This study aimed to provide an extensive and up-to-date analysis of running-related injuries (RRI) and analyze a broad range of contributing factors for a large heterogeneous and non-selected running population from Central Europe. METH... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Acute stress-induced coagulation activation in patients with remitted major depression versus healthy controls and the role of stress-specific coping - von K änel R, Merz F, Pfister H, Brückl T, Zimmermann P, Uhr M, Holsboer F, Höhne N, Ising M.
We examined ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Visual vertigo, motion sickness, and disorientation in vehicles - Bronstein AM, Golding JF, Gresty MA.
Environmental circumstances that result in ambiguity or conflict with the patterns of sensory stimulation may adversely affect the vestibular system. The effect of this conflict in sensory information may be dizziness, a sense of imbalance, nausea, and mot... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The term traumatic in mild traumatic brain injury and the misrepresentation of outcomes - Andrikopoulos J.
Nelson et al1 state that the term mild in mild traumatic brain injury misrepresents the burden of traumatic brain injury. Seminal prospective controlled studies by 3 of Nelson ’s own coauthors, who are neuropsychologists, that date back to the 1980s co... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Approaches to multimodality monitoring in pediatric traumatic brain injury - Appavu B, Burrows BT, Foldes S, Adelson PD.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children. Improved methods of monitoring real-time cerebral physiology are needed to better understand when secondary brain injury develops and what treatment strategies may alle... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Circadian rhythms in the absence of the clock gene Bmal1
Circadian (~24 hour) clocks have a fundamental role in regulating daily physiology. The transcription factor BMAL1 is a principal driver of a molecular clock in mammals. Bmal1 deletion abolishes 24-hour activity patterning, one measure of clock output. We determined whether Bmal1 function is necessary for daily molecular oscillations in skin fibroblasts and liver slices. Unexpectedly, in Bmal1 knockout mice, both tissues exhibited 24-hour oscillations of the transcriptome, proteome, and phosphoproteome over 2 to 3 days in the absence of any exogenous drivers such as daily light or temperature cycles. This demonstrates a co...
Source: ScienceNOW - February 13, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Ray, S., Valekunja, U. K., Stangherlin, A., Howell, S. A., Snijders, A. P., Damodaran, G., Reddy, A. B. Tags: Engineering, Physiology reports Source Type: news