Analysis of the mass skiers' injury in a large ski resort in Chongli, China - Yang YP, Ma X, Chen NY, Jiang YF, Zhang XW, Ding ZW, Ao YF.
OBJECTIVE: To make a retrospective analysis of the injuries of skiing population in a large ski resort in Chongli, China and provide a basis for predicting the rapidly increasing medical needs for ski injuries in the context of the 2022 Winter Olympic Game... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A novel biopsychosocial approach to neck pain in military helicopter aircrew - Vail RE, Harridge SDR, Hodkinson PD, Green NDC, Pavlou M.
INTRODUCTION: Flight-related neck pain (FRNP) is a frequently reported musculoskeletal complaint among military helicopter aircrew. However, despite its prevalence and suspected causes, little is known of the underpinning pain mechanisms or the impact of n... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The emotional states elicited in a Human Tower performance: case study - Damian-Silva S, Feixa C, Prat Q, Luchoro-Parrilla R, Pic M, Rillo-Albert A, S áez de Ocáriz U, Costes A, Lavega-Burgués P.
The objective of this research was t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Bowling: occupational hazards of the wrist and hand in elite tenpin bowlers - Lee YJ, Harmony T, Jamal-Azmi IS, Gunasagaran J, Ahmad TS.
INTRODUCTION: Bowling is an immensely popular, but scarcely researched sport associated with overuse injuries in its participants. The purpose of this study was to investigate and report on the incidence of common upper extremity complaints in elite bowlin... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Absence of nonlinear coupling between electric vestibular stimulation and evoked forces during standing balance - Hannan KB, Todd MK, Pearson NJ, Forbes PA, Dakin CJ.
The vestibular system encodes motion and orientation of the head in space and is essential for negotiating in and interacting with the world. Recently, random waveform electric vestibular stimulation has become an increasingly common means of probing the v... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Using underwater pulse oximetry in freediving to extreme depths to study risk of hypoxic blackout and diving response phases - Mulder E, Schagatay E.
Deep freediving exposes humans to hypoxia and dramatic changes in pressure. The effect of depth on gas exchange may enhance risk of hypoxic blackout (BO) during the last part of the ascent. Our aim was to investigate arterial oxygen saturation (SpO(2)) and... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Barcoded viral tracing of single-cell interactions in central nervous system inflammation
Cell-cell interactions control the physiology and pathology of the central nervous system (CNS). To study astrocyte cell interactions in vivo, we developed rabies barcode interaction detection followed by sequencing (RABID-seq), which combines barcoded viral tracing and single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq). Using RABID-seq, we identified axon guidance molecules as candidate mediators of microglia-astrocyte interactions that promote CNS pathology in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and, potentially, multiple sclerosis (MS). In vivo cell-specific genetic perturbation EAE studies, in vitro systems, and the an...
Source: ScienceNOW - April 22, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Clark, I. C., Gutierrez-Vazquez, C., Wheeler, M. A., Li, Z., Rothhammer, V., Linnerbauer, M., Sanmarco, L. M., Guo, L., Blain, M., Zandee, S. E. J., Chao, C.-C., Batterman, K. V., Schwabenland, M., Lotfy, P., Tejeda-Velarde, A., Hewson, P., Manganeli Polo Tags: Immunology, Medicine, Diseases, Online Only r-articles Source Type: news

Icing Muscle Injury Ineffective, Study Says
Icing muscles after strenuous exercise is not just ineffective, it could be counterproductive, a new study in mice suggests. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - April 21, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Gretchen Reynolds Tags: Journal of Applied Physiology Muscles Exercise Ice Mice Sports Injuries Source Type: news

A brief and unsupervised online intervention improves performance on a validated test of hazard perception skill used for driver licensing - Horswill MS, Hill A, Rodwell D, Larue GS, Bates L, Watson B.
Drivers who have higher levels of hazard perception skill also tend to have fewer crashes. Training designed to improve this skill has therefore been proposed as a strategy for reducing crash risk. To date, however, hazard perception training has only been... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Investigating the impact of a novel active gap metering signalization strategy on driver behavior at highway merging sections - Reinolsmann N, Alhajyaseen W, Brijs T, Pirdavani A, Hussain Q, Brijs K.
A safe headway to the lead vehicle is important to reduce conflicts with merging vehicles from highway on-ramps. Previous research has outlined the advantage of gap metering strategies to yield sufficient space to merging vehicles and improve highway capac... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Reducing optimism bias in the driver's seat: comparing two interventions - Cutello CA, Walsh C, Hanoch Y, Hellier E.
Optimism bias combined with sensation-seeking and risky driving have been proposed to be the main contributing factors to young drivers' involvement in road traffic collisions. The present study aimed to evaluate how two brief interventions, one based on a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Intraindividual variability in driving simulator parameters of healthy drivers of different ages - Economou A, Beratis I, Papadimitriou E, Yannis G, Papageorgiou SG.
This study investigated intraindividual variability in driving simulator measures in healthy drivers of different ag... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Ergonomic design improves cross-cultural road sign comprehension - Ben-Bassat T, Shinar D, Caird JK, Dewar RE, Lehtonen E, Sinclair M, Żakowska L, Simmons S, Liberman G, Pronin M.
Background Traffic sign design can have a substantial impact on road safety and traffic flow. The current study had three objectives: 1) Cross-validate the importance of ergonomic sign design; 2) Evaluate the ability of ergonomics experts to predict sign ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Driving simulation sickness and the sense of presence: correlation and contributing factors - Almallah M, Hussain Q, Reinolsmann N, Alhajyaseen WKM.
Driving simulators are useful and effective tools for conducting studies in the field of traffic safety. Simulation sickness (SS) and the sense of presence (SP) are two well-known factors that could affect the results of the driving simulator experiments. ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Drivers' self-reported responses to a potentially realistic fabricated road sign message - Ermagun A, Kelarestaghi KB, Heaslip K.
This article seeks to understand the potential response of drivers when they encounter compromised Dynamic Message Signs (DMS). The findings are built on the self-reported response of 4,706 participants in a Stated Preference (SP) survey conducted between ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

NIH funding funneling through UAB for retina, organ research
Two grants have been secured by UAB researchers from the National Institutes of Health. A professor in the School of Optometry at UAB has received a grant renewal of $464,046, and a professor in the transplant division is receiving $3.2 million.   Timothy Kraft, a professor and interim associate dean for research in the school, received the grant renewal with the intention to produ ce a comprehensive characterization of cone photoreceptor physiology in cone-dominated animals, including primates.… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Physician Practices headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Physician Practices headlines - April 20, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Tyler Patchen Source Type: news

Chickens and pigs with integrated genetic scissors
(Technical University of Munich (TUM)) Genetically engineered animals provide important insights into the molecular basis of health and disease. Research has focused mainly on genetically modified mice, although other species, such as pigs, are more similar to human physiology. Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have now generated chickens and pigs in which target genes in desired organs can be efficiently altered. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - April 20, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

How nearby homicides affect young women's pregnancy desires: evidence from a quasi-experiment - Weitzman A, Barber JS, Heinze J, Zimmerman M.
Leveraging spatiotemporal variation in homicides that occurred during a 2.5-year weekly panel survey of 387 women ages 18-22 in Flint, Michigan, we investigate how young women's desires to become pregnant and to avoid pregnancy evolve in response to local ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

IgA autoreactivity towards brain enriched and apoptosis regulating proteins in saliva of athletes after acute concussion and subconcussive impacts - Pin E, Petricoin E, Cortes N, Bowman T, Andersson E, Uhlen M, Nilsson P, Caswell SV.
The diagnosis and management of concussion is hindered by its diverse clinical presentation and assessment tools reliant upon subjectively-experienced symptoms. The biomechanical threshold of concussion is also not well understood and asymptomatic or 'subc... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Is all activity equal? Associations between different domains of physical activity and depressive symptom severity among 261,121 European adults - De Cocker K, Biddle SJH, Teychenne MJ, Bennie JA.
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is often associated with better mental health. However, there is evidence that the domain of physical activity influences the strength and direction of this association. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the associations ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Nonshoulder injuries in swimming: a systematic review - Hill L, Mountjoy M, Miller J.
OBJECTIVE: The shoulder is the most common injury in swimming, followed by the knee and spine. The repetitive nature of swimming training may predispose a swimmer to injury. Several risk factors have been previously identified, but the level of evidence an... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Physiotherapists' awareness of risk of bone demineralisation and falls in people living with HIV: a qualitative study - Charumbira MY, Berner K, Louw Q.
BACKGROUND: Recent research has indicated a seemingly increased propensity for both falls and accelerated bone loss in people living with HIV (PLWH). Physiotherapists play a crucial role in optimising function and quality of life of PLWH through prevention... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The relationship among working environment, using personal protective equipment and ARTI on traffic police officers - Destriajiningrum J, Mulyono S.
Traffic police officers are a group of workers prone to develop Acute Respiratory Tract Infection (ARTI) due to their risky working environment and non-compliance Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) application. This research aims to explore the relationsh... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A nonhuman primate model of human non-suicidal self-injury: serotonin-transporter genotype-mediated typologies - Wood EK, Kruger R, Day JP, Day SM, Hunter JN, Neville L, Lindell SG, Barr CS, Schwandt ML, Goldman D, Suomi SJ, Harris JC, Higley JD.
While non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) occurs in the general population at a surprisingly high rate, with higher rates among certain clinical  populations, its etiology is not well-understood. Consequently, the DSM-5 lists NSSI as requiring further resea... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A central role for anterior cingulate cortex in the control of pathological aggression - van Heukelum S, Tulva K, Geers FE, van Dulm S, Ruisch IH, Mill J, Viana JF, Beckmann CF, Buitelaar JK, Poelmans G, Glennon JC, Vogt BA, Havenith MN, Fran ça ASC.
Controlling aggression is a crucial skill in social species like rodents and humans and has been associated with anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). Here, we directly link the failed regulation of aggression in BALB/cJ mice to ACC hypofunction. We first show ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A qualitative study of the accessibility of a typical UK town cycle network to disabled cyclists - Cox B, Bartle C.
Introduction Cycling offers significant benefits for disabled people in the form of independent mobility and improved management of chronic health conditions, such as heart disease, diabetes and obesity through increased physical activity. However, disabl... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Abbreviated Neighborhood Environment Walkability scale in persons with multiple sclerosis: initial validation of score inferences - Silveira SL, Motl RW.
This study examined if scores from the Abbreviated Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Falls after stroke: a follow-up after ten years in Lund Stroke Register - J önsson AC, Lindgren I, Delavaran H, Norrving B, Lindgren A.
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate incidence of self-reported falls and associated factors in a ten-year perspective after stroke. METHODS: From a population-based cohort of first-ever stroke patients (n  = 416) included in the Lund Stroke Register between M... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Forestry - integrating safety in a time of rapid change - Harrington MJ.
Forestry work is commonly recognized as dangerous, and stories of this hazardous work are embedded in our western culture. And yet, this is not folklore from our wild west past, but a real issue of our time that has not been addressed. The US Bureau of Lab... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Influence of solar glare intensity on vehicular speed variance - Woo B, Kim H, Kim J, Baik H, Kim HK.
Introduction Studies in weather-affected traffic collisions have mainly focused on rain and snow, which can be referred to as highly variable and non-recurrent events. On the other hand, although solar light is among the natural phenomena that regularly a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Investigation of the effect of vessel type on seafarers' safety culture - Altinpinar I, Ba şar E.
Maritime transportation is indispensable for world trade. Marine casualties have serious consequences. Majority of the accidents in maritime industry are caused by human error. If necessary, precautions are taken, human error can be prevented to a great ex... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Relationship between walking for active transportation and cardiometabolic health among adults: a systematic review - Lorenzo E, Szeszulski J, Shin CN, Todd M, Lee RE.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Possible indirect adverse effects to the eyes in skiers wearing helmets - Leti ć M.
Use of helmets among skiers started to increase some 20 y ago, becoming mandatory for children under 16 y old in Austria in 2009. Today, 86% of skiers wear helmets. Helmet use has reduced the risk of head injuries by 35%. Widespread use of helmets implies ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The uptake of the Nordic hamstring exercise programme as an injury prevention strategy in professional cricket in the United Kingdom and barriers to implementation - Chesterton P, Tears C.
OBJECTIVES: To report hamstring prevention strategies of professional male cricket clubs in the United Kingdom, identify the application of the Nordic hamstring programme (NHP) and gain knowledge of medical teams' reasons for the NHP's inclusion or exclusi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Variables that predict attitudes toward safety regulations in professional drivers - Serrano-Fern ández MJ, Tàpia-Caballero P, Boada-Grau J, Araya-Castillo L.
Background Several authors have analyzed how certain driver characteristics can lead drivers not to comply with traffic regulations and commit traffic violations. In this paper we use the following indicators to develop a model for predicting the attitude... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Female-specific synaptic dysfunction and cognitive impairment in a mouse model of PCDH19 disorder
Protocadherin-19 (PCDH19) mutations cause early-onset seizures and cognitive impairment. The PCDH19 gene is on the X-chromosome. Unlike most X-linked disorders, PCDH19 mutations affect heterozygous females (PCDH19HET) but not hemizygous males (PCDH19HEMI); however, the reason why remains to be elucidated. We demonstrate that PCDH19, a cell-adhesion molecule, is enriched at hippocampal mossy fiber synapses. Pcdh19HET but not Pcdh19HEMI mice show impaired mossy fiber synaptic structure and physiology. Consistently, Pcdh19HET but not Pcdh19HEMI mice exhibit reduced pattern completion and separation abilities, which require mo...
Source: ScienceNOW - April 15, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Hoshina, N., Johnson-Venkatesh, E. M., Hoshina, M., Umemori, H. Tags: Neuroscience, Online Only r-articles Source Type: news

Response to Comment on "Circadian rhythms in the absence of the clock gene Bmal1"
Abruzzi et al. argue that transcriptome oscillations found in our study in the absence of Bmal1 are of low amplitude, statistical significance, and consistency. However, their conclusions rely solely on a different statistical algorithm than we used. We provide statistical measures and additional analyses showing that our original analyses and observations are accurate. Further, we highlight independent lines of evidence indicating Bmal1-independent 24-hour molecular oscillations. (Source: ScienceNOW)
Source: ScienceNOW - April 15, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Ray, S., Valekunja, U. K., Stangherlin, A., Howell, S. A., Snijders, A. P., Damodaran, G., Reddy, A. B. Tags: Physiology t-comment Source Type: news

Response to Comment on "Circadian rhythms in the absence of the clock gene Bmal1"
Ness-Cohn et al. claim that our observations of transcriptional circadian rhythms in the absence of the core clock gene Bmal1 in mouse skin fibroblast cells are supported by inadequate evidence. They claim that they were unable to reproduce some of the original findings with their reanalysis. We disagree with their analyses and outlook. (Source: ScienceNOW)
Source: ScienceNOW - April 15, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Ray, S., Valekunja, U. K., Stangherlin, A., Howell, S. A., Snijders, A. P., Damodaran, G., Reddy, A. B. Tags: Physiology t-comment Source Type: news

Injury severity, arrival physiology, coagulopathy, and outcomes among the youngest trauma patients - Gupta VS, Liras IN, Allukian M, Cotton BA, Cox CSJ, Harting MT.
BACKGROUND: Although physiologic differences exist between younger and older children, pediatric trauma analyses are weighted toward older patients. Trauma-induced coagulopathy, determined by rapid thrombelastography (rTEG), is a predictor of outcome in tr... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 12, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Systematic review of screening tools for common soccer injuries and their risk factors - Christopher R, Brandt C, Benjamin-Damon N.
BACKGROUND: Several screening tools are available for use in a clinical setting to predict injury. However, there is a lack of evidence regarding the accuracy of these tools to predict soccer-specific injuries. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this syste... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The structure and function of cortical brain cells modulated by attention
(Universitat Pompeu Fabra - Barcelona) To effectively perform any daily task, the human brain needs to process information from the outside world using various cognitive functions. This cognitive processing passes through a dense interconnected network of cells whose physiology is specialized. The interconnected cell network needs to perform this processing of information efficiently and interact cooperatively to provide us, in real time, with useful instructions for living. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Women and Girls to the Front
This article was originally published in Forbes Africa.   Follow @IPSNewsUNBureau !function(d,s,id){var js,fjs=d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0],p=/^http:/.test(d.location)?'http':'https';if(!d.getElementById(id)){js=d.createElement(s);js.id=id;js.src=p+'://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js';fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js,fjs);}}(document, 'script', 'twitter-wjs');   The post Women and Girls to the Front appeared first on Inter Press Service. Excerpt: Gender Equality in STEM for a better tomorrow The post Women and Girls to the Front appeared first on Inter Press Service. (Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health)
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - April 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Siddharth Chatterjee and Ali Obaid Al Dhaheri Tags: Asia-Pacific Development & Aid Economy & Trade Education Gender Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies Inequity Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nations Women & Economy Source Type: news

The effects of sensory quantization and control torque saturation on human balance control - Gyebr ószki G, Csernák G, Milton JG, Insperger T.
The effect of reaction delay, temporal sampling, sensory quantization, and control torque saturation is investigated numerically for a single-degree-of-freedom model of postural sway with respect to stability, stabilizability, and control effort. It is kno... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Early detection of freezing of gait during walking using inertial measurement unit and plantar pressure distribution data - Pardoel S, Shalin G, Nantel J, Lemaire ED, Kofman J.
Freezing of gait (FOG) is a sudden and highly disruptive gait dysfunction that appears in mid to late-stage Parkinson's disease (PD) and can lead to falling and injury. A system that predicts freezing before it occurs or detects freezing immediately after ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Control deficits, conditioning factors, and playing through pain and injury among Iranian professional soccer players - Kabiri S, Choi J, Shadmanfaat SMS, Lee J.
Playing through pain and injury is a common and accepted behavior in the athletic realm. The purpose of this research was to apply Tittle's control balance theory to explain why athletes engage in playing through pain and injury despite its risky nature. W... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Classification of standing and walking states using ground reaction forces - Park JS, Koo SM, Kim CH.
This report explains a technique that measures the ground reaction force (GRF) using an insole device eq... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Biomechanical determinants of performance and injury risk during cutting: a performance-injury conflict? - Dos'Santos T, Thomas C, McBurnie A, Comfort P, Jones PA.
BACKGROUND: Most cutting biomechanical studies investigate performance and knee joint load determinants independently. This is surprising because cutting is an important action linked to performance and non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Input-specific regulation of glutamatergic synaptic transmission in the medial prefrontal cortex by mGlu2/mGlu4 receptor heterodimers
Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) are G protein–coupled receptors that regulate various aspects of central nervous system processing in normal physiology and in disease. They are thought to function as disulfide-linked homodimers, but studies have suggested that mGluRs can form functional heterodimers in cell lines. Using selective allosteric ligands, ex vivo brain slice electrophysiology, and optogenetic approaches, we found that two mGluR subtypes—mGluR2 and mGluR4 (or mGlu2 and mGlu4)—exist as functional heterodimers that regulate excitatory transmission in a synapse-specific manner within the ...
Source: Signal Transduction Knowledge Environment - April 6, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Xiang, Z., Lv, X., Lin, X., OBrien, D. E., Altman, M. K., Lindsley, C. W., Javitch, J. A., Niswender, C. M., Conn, P. J. Tags: STKE Research Articles Source Type: news

Ground reaction forces intersect above the center of mass in single support, but not in double support of human walking - Vielemeyer J, M üller R, Staufenberg NS, Renjewski D, Abel R.
There are various simplifying models that describe balance strategies of human walking. In one model it is assumed that ground reaction forces are directed to a point (virtual pivot point) above the center of mass during the whole stride. This was observed... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Health view to decrease negative effect of high heels wearing: a systemic review - Wang M, Jiang C, Fekete G, Teo EC, Gu Y.
Effective recommendations about how to decrease adverse effects of high heels (HH) need to be provided, since wearing HH is inevitable for most women in their daily life, regardless of their negative impacts on the foot morphology. The main purpose of this... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news