Blurred lines and false dichotomies: integrating counterinsurgency into the UK's domestic 'war on terror' - Sabir R.
The UK's counter-terrorism strategy (CONTEST) seeks to pursue individuals involved in suspected terrorism ('Pursue') and seeks to minimise the risk of people becoming 'future' terrorists by employing policies and practices structured to pre-emptively incap... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Insights into Salt Handling, Water Balance, and Blood Pressure Regulation by the Kidneys
Two studies in mice have shed light on the complex relationships between kidney physiology, salt intake, water balance, and hypertension. (Source: NIDDK News)
Source: NIDDK News - June 23, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: news

Discovery of kidney structure challenges current understanding of renal physiology
New research by the University of Bristol has found that the microscopic structure of human kidney is different to what was previously known. (Source: University of Bristol news)
Source: University of Bristol news - June 22, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Research; Faculty of Biomedical Sciences; Press Release Source Type: news

Bruising in a depressed patient: self-inflicted or adverse effect of antidepressants? An unexpected cause: scurvy - Lasica PA, Lavenu-Bombled C, Lambotte O, Gressier F.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Cocaine in rivers harming endangered eels, study finds
Tests show drug causes eels to become hyperactive and damages their muscles, possibly hindering their ability to migrateTiny amounts of cocaine flushed into rivers cause eels to become not only hyperactive but to suffer from muscle wastage, impaired gills and hormonal changes, a study has found.The impact of traces of cocaine on the physiology of European eels could be hindering their epic migrations through the oceans to reproduce, according to researchers who examined the impact of the drug.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - June 21, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Patrick Barkham Tags: Marine life Drugs Rivers Environment Science Society Wildlife Europe UK news World news Source Type: news

Exercise reduces levels of inflammatory blood cells
According to a study, published inThe Journal of Physiology, a 6 week exercise programme in young, obese adults reduced the production of inflammatory blood cells.Science Daily (Source: Society for Endocrinology)
Source: Society for Endocrinology - June 21, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: news

Warren Alpert Foundation honors pioneering discoveries in cystic fibrosis
(Harvard Medical School) The 2018 Warren Alpert Foundation Prize has been awarded to five scientists for transformative discoveries in the fields of genetics, physiology, pulmonology and pharmacology that have led to the development of life-altering precision-targeted treatments for the devastating multiorgan disease cystic fibrosis (CF). (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - June 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

U.S. center will fight infections with viruses
(Source: ScienceNOW)
Source: ScienceNOW - June 21, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Servick, K. Tags: Immunology, Medicine, Diseases, Physiology In Depth Source Type: news

"Get the f# ∗k out of my way!" Exploring the cathartic effect of swear words in coping with driving anger - Popușoi SA, Havârneanu GM, Havârneanu CE.
Previous studies suggest that swearing is a prevalent expression of verbal aggression among drivers, but the role of swearing as a coping mechanism with anger remains unknown. The current article explored the cathartic role of swearing in situations when d... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Driver adherence to recommendations from support systems improves if the systems explain why they are given: a simulator study - Thill S, Riveiro M, Lagerstedt E, Lebram M, Hemeren P, Habibovic A, Klingeg ård M.
This paper presents a large-scale simulator study on driver adherence to recommendations given by driver support systems, specifically eco-driving support and navigation support. 123 participants took part in this study, and drove a vehicle simulator throu... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

State of the art imaging challenges our understanding of how platelets are made
Correlative light-electron microscopy is being used to increase our knowledge of how platelets are made in the body and the results are challenging previously held understandings. (Source: University of Bristol news)
Source: University of Bristol news - June 19, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Research; Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, School of Physiology, Pharmacology and Neuroscience Source Type: news

The relationship between body mass index, binge eating disorder and suicidality - Brown KL, LaRose JG, Mezuk B.
BACKGROUND: While restrictive and compensatory eating disorders (e.g. anorexia and bulimia) are associated with elevated risk of suicide, less is known about binge eating disorder (BED). There is suggestive evidence of a U-shaped relationship between body ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The influence of surprise on upset recovery performance in airline pilots - Landman A, Groen EL, Paassen MMR, Bronkhorst AW, Mulder M.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test if performance of airline pilots, in performing an aerodynamic stall recovery procedure, decreases when they are surprised, compared to when they anticipate a stall event.BACKGROUND: New flight-safety re... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Previous experience and walking capacity predict community outings after stroke: an observational study - Karageorge A, Vargas J, Ada L, Kelly PJ, McCluskey A.
BACKGROUND: Following hospital discharge, stroke survivors may experience a decline in mobility, outings, and community participation. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between demographic and clinical measures, and the level of partici... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Neuroimaging abnormalities in neurological patients with criminal behavior - Darby RR.
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Criminal behavior occurs in previously law-abiding neurological patients, including patients with traumatic brain injury, focal brain lesions, and dementia. Neuroimaging abnormalities in these patients allow one to explore the potential ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Job strain in public transport drivers: Data to assess the relationship between demand-control model indicators, traffic accidents and sanctions - Useche S, Montoro L, Cendales B, G ómez V.
This Data in Brief (DiB) article examines the association between the Job Demand-Control (JDC) model of stress and traffic safety outcomes (accidents and sanctions) in public transport drivers (n = 780). The data was collected using a structured sel... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Characterizing within-subject variability in quantified measures of balance control: a cohort study - Worthen-Chaudhari LC, Monfort SM, Bland C, Pan X, Chaudhari AMW.
BACKGROUND: To longitudinally assess individuals using quantified measures, we must characterize within-subject variability (WSV) of the measures. RESEARCH QUESTION: What is the natural within-subject variability (WSV) that can be expected in postural cont... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A framework for estimating long term driver behavior - Gadepally V, Krishnamurthy A, Özgüner.
We present a framework for estimation of long term driver behavior for autonomous vehicles and vehicle safety systems. The Hybrid State System and Hidden Markov Model (HSS+HMM) system discussed in this article is capable of describing the hybrid characteri... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA names winner of 2018 Switzer Prize
Dr. David Sabatini, an MIT biologist and associate director of the Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, will be the 2018 recipient of the Switzer Prize awarded by the  David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA. Sabatini ’s pioneering discoveries of mechanisms that regulate cell growth are propelling research into potential treatments for cancer and other diseases.As a graduate student at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Sabatini identified the central protein, mTOR,  that turns cell growth on and off. At the Whitehead Institute and MIT, his laboratory ’s research&...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - June 16, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Judgment of the morality of an individual responsible for a fatal workplace accident involving subordinates - Paruzel-Czachura M, Dobrowolska M.
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to verify the hypothesis that additional information about the perpetrator responsible for the death of subordinates at the workplace may influence the assessment of morality. The article contains the results of an empi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Incidence and risk factors of knee injuries associated with ipsilateral femoral shaft fractures: a multicentre retrospective analysis of 429 femoral shaft injuries - Byun SE, Shon HC, Park JH, Oh HK, Cho YH, Kim JW, Sim JA.
A femoral shaft fracture is usually a high-energy injury and, thus, is likely to be accompanied by an injury of adjacent joints such as a knee ligament injury. However, these associated injuries are often neglected because of severe pain and deformity. The... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Assessing tackle performance using a novel collision sport simulator in comparison to a "live" one-on-one tackling drill - Burger N, Lambert MI, Hall H, Hendricks S.
It is necessary to study the rugby tackle as it is associated with successful performance outcomes and is responsible for the majority of contact injuries. A novel collision sport simulator was developed to study tackle performance. The main aim of this va... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Sullivan selected for two national scientific honors
(Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University) Dr. Jennifer C. Sullivan, pharmacologist and physiologist in the Department of Physiology at the Medical College of Georgia, has been honored by the American Journal of Hypertension and the American Heart Association's Council on Hypertension. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - June 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Control of spreading depression with electrical fields - Whalen AJ, Xiao Y, Kadji H, Dahlem MA, Gluckman BJ, Schiff SJ.
Spreading depression or depolarization is a large-scale pathological brain phenomenon related to migraine, stroke, hemorrhage and traumatic brain injury. Once initiated, spreading depression propagates across gray matter extruding potassium and other activ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Dr. Robert Myerburg contributes editorial to JAMA on ECG screening and cardiac risks
(University of Miami Miller School of Medicine) Robert J. Myerburg, M.D., professor of medicine and physiology, and the American Heart Association Chair in Cardiovascular Research at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, contributed an editorial to the Journal of the American Medical Association placing in perspective some of the conclusions in new recommendations from the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) regarding the use of electrocardiogram screening for cardiovascular disease risk. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - June 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Car travel-related thrombosis: fact or fiction? - Lippi G, Favaloro EJ.
The condition sometimes referred to as "economy class syndrome," and also known as "traveler's thrombosis," is a distinctive pathological condition characterized by occurrence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in a patient who has recently experienced a l... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Here ’s Why You Get Hangry, According to Science
There’s a difference between being hungry—a feeling we all get between meals—and being “hangry“. If you get hangry, you probably already know it: your hunger pangs put you in a very bad mood that you (and your family and friends) have a hard time ignoring. But is being hangry a real thing, or just an excuse? “It’s generally accepted that hunger can impact our moods and even behaviors like aggression and impulsivity,” says Jennifer MacCormack, a doctoral student in the department of psychology and neuroscience at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), and lead ...
Source: TIME: Health - June 11, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Alexandra Sifferlin Tags: Uncategorized healthytime Mental Health/Psychology Source Type: news

Pointing to one's moving hand: putative internal models do not contribute to proprioceptive acuity - Darling WG, Wall BM, Coffman CR, Capaday C.
We can easily and without sight bring our fingertip to our nose, or swat a mosquito on our arm. These actions rely on proprioception, also known as kinesthesia, which classically has been attributed to processing of sensory inflow by the CNS. However, inte... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

On manual laterality (handedness) in humans and its forensic significance - a literature review - Geserick G, Krocker K, Schmeling T.
Manual laterality (handedness) in humans has some significance for forensic practice where it is primarily employed in the form of handedness preference, based on a simplified three-stage classification (right-handed, left-handed and ambidextrous). In case... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

New comprehensive classification systems for peri-trochanteric femur fractures - Agrawal AK.
PURPOSE: A classification is considered as good classification if it describes the particularregion of bone, type of fracture, personality of fracture in either planes and helps in selectionof implant and most importantly easy to understand by an orthopedi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Is worker involvement an ergonomic solution for construction intervention challenges: a systematic review - Dasgupta P, Sample M, Buchholz B, Brunette M.
Construction workers have been subjected to work-related injuries and illnesses from a long time. The nature of their job, heavy handling and high production expectation are often correlated with their injury outcome. However, due to the dynamic nature of ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Integrated work safety of public transport drivers - Vargova S, Namesanska J, Sinay J.
The concept of integrated safety is most often promoted in areas which are crucial to the functioning of the economy and in which human and technological failure are not acceptable and may have major negative consequences for the environment. The idea of a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

How operators make use of wide-choice adaptable automation: observations from a series of experimental studies - Sauer J, Chavaillaz A.
The present paper is concerned with the design of adaptable automation. It analyses the aggregated data from five experiments (N = 154) to examine which automation levels operators prefer, how often they switch between them, and whether performance is asso... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Going solo: Hierarchical task analysis of the second driver in "two-up" (multi-person) freight rail operations - Naweed A, Balakrishnan G, Dorrian J.
While many countries have dual-driver ("two-up") modes in freight rail, driver shortage creates increasing pressure to move to single-driver operations. While this change has implications for workload and safety, the roles of the primary and second drivers... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Genetic and psychosocial predictors of aggression: variable selection and model building with component-wise gradient boosting - Suchting R, Gowin JL, Green CE, Walss-Bass C, Lane SD.
Rationale: Given datasets with a large or diverse set of predictors of aggression, machine learning (ML) provides efficient tools for identifying the most salient variables and building a parsimonious statistical model. ML techniques permit efficien... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Force versus fury: sex differences in the relationships among physical and psychological threat potential, the facial width-to-height ratio, and judgements of aggressiveness - MacDonell ET, Geniole SN, McCormick CM.
Individuals with larger facial width-to-height ratios (FWHRs) are judged as more threatening, and engage in more threat-related behavior, than do individuals with smaller FWHRs. Here we identified components of threat potential that are related to the FWHR... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Effects of simulated firefighting and asymmetric load carriage on firefighter obstacle crossing performance - Angelini MJ, Kesler RM, Petrucci MN, Rosengren KS, Horn GP, Hsiao-Wecksler ET.
Slips, trips, and falls (STF) of firefighters may occur while traversing stationary obstacles. STF risk may be amplified by fatigue from firefighting and carrying an asymmetric load. Vertical and horizontal clearances of the lead (VCL, HCL) and trailing (V... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Creatine kinase, neuromuscular fatigue, and the contact codes of football: a systematic review and meta-analysis of pre- and post-match differences - Hagstrom AD, Shorter KA.
Physiological or performance tests are routinely utilised to assess athletes' recovery. At present, the ideal tool to assess recovery remains unknown. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review was to examine the change in creatine kinase (CK) and neurom... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Assessing gait changes in firefighters after firefighting activities and while carrying asymmetric loads - Park K, Sy JF, Horn GP, Kesler RM, Petrucci MN, Rosengren KS, Hsiao-Wecksler ET.
One of the most common causes of injuries among firefighters is slips, trips, and falls on the fireground. Acute fatigue from firefighting activities and/or carrying asymmetric loads might impact gait characteristics increasing slip, trip, and fall risk. T... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Assessing exposure time and concussion risk - Bachynski KE, Swedler DI.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Lunacy revisited - the myth of the full moon: are football injuries related to the lunar cycle? - Yousfi N, Rekik RN, Eirale C, Whiteley R, Farooq A, Tabben M, Gillogly S, Bahr R, Chamari K.
Previous literature suggests that human behaviour and physiology are somehow altered by the moon-cycle, with particular emphasis on poorer sleep quality and increased aggressive behaviour during full moon. The latter variables can negatively impact athlete... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Environmental Issues, Climate, Geophysics Source Type: news

Activity and exercise intolerance after concussion: identification and management of postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome - Miranda NA, Boris JR, Kouvel KM, Stiles L.
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is increasingly recognized as a complication affecting recovery from concussion. Individuals with POTS demonstrate refractory dizziness, lightheadedness, cognitive dysfunction, fatigu... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Italian consensus conference on guidelines for conservative treatment on lower limb muscle injuries in athlete - Bisciotti GN, Volpi P, Amato M, Alberti G, Allegra F, Aprato A, Artina M, Auci A, Bait C, Bastieri GM, Balzarini L, Belli A, Bellini G, Bettinsoli P, Bisciotti A, Bisciotti A, Bona S, Brambilla L, Bresciani M, Buffoli M, Calanna F, Canata GL, Cardinali D, Carimati G, Cassaghi G, Cautero E, Cena E, Corradini B, Corsini A, D'Agostino C, De Donato M, Delle Rose G, Di Marzo F, Di Pietto F, Enrica D, Eirale C, Febbrari L, Ferrua P, Foglia A, Galbiati A, Gheza A, Giammattei C, Masia F, Melegati G, Moretti B, Moretti L, Niccolai R, Orgiani A, Orizio C, Pantalone A, Parra F, Patroni P, Pereira Ruiz MT, Perri M, Petrillo S, Pulici L, Quaglia A, Ricciotti L, Rosa F, Sasso N, Sprenger C, Tarantola C, Tenconi FG, Tosi F, Trainini M, Tucciarone A, Yekdah A, Vuckovic Z, Zini R, Chamari K.
Provide the state of the art concerning (1) biology and aetiology, (2) classification, (3) clinical assessment and (4) conservative treatment of lower limb muscle injuries (MI)  in athletes. Seventy international experts with different medical backgrounds... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

How many innings can we throw: does workload influence injury risk in Major League Baseball? An analysis of professional starting pitchers between 2010 and 2015 - Saltzman BM, Mayo BC, Higgins JD, Gowd AK, Cabarcas BC, Leroux TS, Basques BA, Nicholson GP, Bush-Joseph CA, Romeo AA, Verma NN.
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest regarding the association between pitch counts, as well as total workload per season, and the risk of injury among Major League Baseball (MLB) starting pitchers. METHODS: We used publicly available dat... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Experimental study of thoracoabdominal injuries suffered from caudocephalad impacts using pigs - Guan S, Liao Z, Xiang H, Zhu X, Wang Z, Zhao H, Liu P, Lai X.
To know the caudocephalad impact- (CCI-) induced injuries more clearly, 21 adult minipigs, randomly divided into three groups: control group (n = 3), group I (n = 9), and group II (n = 9), were used to perform the CCI experiments on a ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Digital technologies and the biomedicalisation of everyday activities: the case of walking and cycling - Carter S, Green J, Speed E.
Walking and cycling have been transformed by digital technologies, which range from mapping apps for wayfinding, through 'wearables' which monitor activity, to social media apps for comparing activity within social groups. Some technologies are explicitly ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Comparison of the effect of typical firefighting activities, live fire drills and rescue operations at height on firefighters' physiological responses and cognitive function - Zare S, Hemmatjo R, Allahyari T, Hajaghazadeh M, Hajivandi A, Aghabeigi M, Kazemi R.
This study examined the impact of various types of firefighting activities on firefighters' physiological responses and cognitive function. Each firefighter was engaged in three conditions: (1) Live-fire activities (LFA), (2) Typical firefighting activitie... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Comparison of FAP scores with the use of safety footwear and regular walking shoes - Benjamin D, Ahram T, Ru ED, Choukou MA, Abdi E, Gardan N, Boyer FC, Regnault P, Taiar R.
Gait analysis has been used for the assessment of gait-related disabilities and to provide detailed information. The gait characteristics of a healthy adult population have often been utilised to evaluate and monitor a subject's walk and patterns. This pap... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Attempted suicide and oxytocin-related gene polymorphisms - Parris MS, Grunebaum MF, Galfalvy HC, Andronikashvili A, Burke AK, Yin H, Min E, Huang YY, Mann JJ.
BACKGROUND: Oxytocin may moderate prosocial behaviors, but has also been implicated in negative mental health outcomes. A single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR), rs53576, and a SNP of the CD38 gene, which regulates oxytoc... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Sudden cardiac and noncardiac death in sports: epidemiology, causes, pathogenesis, and prevention - Lippi G, Favaloro EJ, Sanchis-Gomar F.
Although few doubts remain that physical exercise should be widely promoted for maintenance of health and fitness, the risk of adverse events such as sudden death (especially due to cardiac causes, i.e., sudden cardiac death [SCD]) during exercise remains ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news