Walkability, transit, and body mass index: a panel approach - Smart MJ.
Researchers and advocates have increasingly drawn connections between individuals' transportation choices and healthy body weight, and most have found a connection. This paper improves on prior research by using panel data spanning 1999 to 2013 from the na... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Trait emotional intelligence, personality traits and social desirability in dangerous driving - Smorti M, Andrei F, Trombini E.
The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between impulsiveness, sensation seeking, social desirability, trait emotional intelligence (trait EI) and self-reported dangerous driving behaviors, as measured by both the Dula Dangerous Driver Index (... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Training interventions are only effective on careful drivers, not careless drivers - Zhang T, Hajiseyedjavadi F, Wang Y, Samuel S, Qu X, Fisher D.
Drivers aged 16-24 are overrepresented in fatal crashes compared to middle-aged, more experienced drivers. This age-related difference in crash rates partly arises from younger drivers' poorer performance on three cognitive skills known to be related to cr... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The TRKB rs2289656 genetic polymorphism is associated with acute suicide attempts in depressed patients: a transversal case control study - Deflesselle E, Colle R, Rigal L, David DJ, Vievard A, Martin S, Becquemont L, Verstuyft C, Corruble E.
INTRODUCTION: Suicide Attempts (SA) are the main complications of Major Depressive Episodes (MDE) and are difficult to predict. Suicide is associated with the expression of Receptor Tyrosin-Kinase B (TRKB), the receptor of the Brain Derived Neurotrophic Fa... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Prediction of human error probabilities in a critical marine engineering operation on-board chemical tanker ship: the case of ship bunkering - Akyuz E, Celik M, Akgun I, Cicek K.
Ship bunkering, a safety critical operation in marine engineering, can cause drastic environmental damage at sea. Though bunkering presents high safety procedures, minor accidents also can pose potential harm for marine environment and human life. Indeed, ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Persistent postural-perceptual dizziness-a systematic review of the literature for the balance specialist - Trinidade A, Goebel JA.
OBJECTIVE: To present a systematic review of the current data on persistent postural-perceptual dizziness (PPPD), a useful and relatively new diagnosis for a disorder that has previously been known by many different names. In addition, to discuss diagnosti... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

One way to guide them all: wayfinding strategies and the examination of gender-specific navigational instructions in a real-driving context - Schoedel R, Hilbert S, B ühner M, Stachl C.
Previous research suggests that men outperform women when they are required to use Euclidean information such as distances for orientation tasks, whereas women are superior in the use of landmarks. Our study examines whether this finding stands up to a tes... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Modelling passenger waiting time using large-scale automatic fare collection data: an Australian case study - Tavassoli A, Mesbah M, Shobeirinejad A.
Passenger waiting time at transit stops is an important component of overall travel time and is perceived to be less desirable than in-vehicle travel time or access time. Therefore, an accurate model to estimate waiting time is necessary to better plan for... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Maintaining balance on a moving bus: the importance of three-peak steps whilst climbing stairs - Karekla X, Tyler N.
In a previous work of the authors, the impact of bus acceleration in level walking was presented. However, climbing stairs is physically more challenging than level walking and results in a high number of falls, hence substantial medical costs. Understandi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Joint pain and falls among women with breast cancer on aromatase inhibitors - Basal C, Vertosick E, Gillis TA, Li Q, Bao T, Vickers A, Mao JJ.
PURPOSE: Arthralgia is common among women with breast cancer on adjuvant aromatase inhibitor (AI) therapy. Pain is associated with falls in the general population; however, little is known about the relationship between arthralgia and falls among AI users.... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Prospective trends in body mass index by main transport mode, 2007-2013 - Turrell G, Hewitt BA, Rachele JN, Giles-Corti B, Brown WJ.
Background Cohort studies have examined whether change in transport mode is associated with change in bodyweight among commuters. We complement this research by examining trends in body mass index (BMI) for men and women who used the same transport mode b... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Salicylate toxicity after undetectable serum salicylate concentration: a retrospective cohort study - Moss MJ, Fisher JA, Kenny TA, Palmer AC, Thompson JA, Wolfer H, Hendrickson RG.
BACKGROUND: Salicylates are usually rapidly absorbed and quickly measurable in serum. An undetectable serum salicylate concentration ([ASA]) may occur early after ingestion and may be interpreted as evidence of non-exposure and not repeated. Although cases... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Sleep and circadian rhythms as possible trait markers of suicide attempt in bipolar disorders: an actigraphy study - Benard V, Etain B, Vaiva G, Boudebesse C, Yeim S, Benizri C, Brochard H, Bellivier F, Geoffroy PA.
BACKGROUND: The poor prognostic of Bipolar disorders (BD) is closely linked to deaths by suicide. Sleep and circadian abnormalities are observed during all phases of BD and are also associated with suicide attempt (SA). In this context, this study sought t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Collecting health and exposure data in Australian Olympic combat sports: feasibility study utilizing an electronic system - Bromley S, Drew M, Talpey S, McIntosh A, Finch C.
BACKGROUND: Electronic methods are increasingly being used to manage health-related data among sporting populations. Collection of such data permits the analysis of injury and illness trends, improves early detection of injuries and illnesses, collectively... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

About some peculiar features of gunshot wounds inflicted by shot-gun cartridges for the short-barreled weapons of the limited injurious power - Nazarov YV, Isakov VD, Yakovenko OO.
The cases of application of 'non-standard' ammunition constitute a serious challenge for the forensic medical expertise. Bearing in mind the importance of this issue, the authors report a case encountered in their practical work, namely a gunshot wound inf... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Heart rate variability as a biomarker of anxious depression response to antidepressant medication - Kircanski K, Williams LM, Gotlib IH.
BACKGROUND: There is a need to identify biomarkers of treatment outcomes for major depressive disorder (MDD) that can be disseminated. We investigated the predictive utility of pretreatment heart rate variability (HRV) for outcomes of antidepressant medica... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Hybrid of discrete wavelet transform and adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system for overall driving behavior recognition - Eftekhari HR, Ghatee M.
Monitoring and evaluating of driving behavior is the main goal of this paper that encourage us to develop a new system based on Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) sensors of smartphones. In this system, a hybrid of Discrete Wavelet Transformation (DWT) and Ad... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Intimate partner violence moderates the association between oxytocin and reactivity to dyadic conflict among couples - Jarnecke AM, Barden E, Back SE, Brady KT, Flanagan JC.
Emerging literature indicates individual and contextual differences impact response to oxytocin (OT). Intimate partner violence (IPV) is one chronic stressor that may moderate OT response. To test the hypothesis that IPV moderates the association between O... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Using physiological and behavioral measurements in a picture-based road hazard perception experiment to classify risky and safe drivers - Liang B, Lin Y.
Every year, a considerable number of people got injured or even lost their lives in road traffic accidents. To decrease the number of fatalities and injuries, researchers are seeking methods to identify and restrain drivers before the happening of actual t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Postural instability during attacks of migraine without aura - Anagnostou E, Gerakoulis S, Voskou P, Kararizou E.
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Migraine has long been associated with unsteadiness and dizziness but postural control has not been studied in the ictal state. Here, we measured the stability of upright stance during migraine attacks. METHODS: Static balan... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

New insights on emotional contributions to human postural control - Adkin AL, Carpenter MG.
It has been just over 20 years since the effects of height-induced threat on human postural control were first investigated. Raising the height of the support surface on which individuals stood increased the perceived consequences of instability and genera... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Examining the risk of depression or self-harm associated with incretin-based therapies used to manage hyperglycaemia in patients with type 2 diabetes: a cohort study using the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink - Gamble JM, Chibrikov E, Midodzi WK, Twells LK, Majumdar SR.
OBJECTIVES: To compare population-based incidence rates of new-onset depression or self-harm in patients initiating incretin-based therapies with that of sulfonylureas (SU) and other glucose-lowering agents. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. S... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Effects of vitamin D supplementation on musculoskeletal health: a systematic review, meta-analysis, and trial sequential analysis - Bolland MJ, Grey A, Avenell A.
BACKGROUND: The effects of vitamin D on fractures, falls, and bone mineral density are uncertain, particularly for high vitamin D doses. We aimed to determine the effect of vitamin D supplementation on fractures, falls, and bone density. METHODS: I... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

CNS disease-related protein variants as blood-based biomarkers in traumatic brain injury - Williams SM, Peltz C, Yaffe K, Schulz P, Sierks MR.
OBJECTIVE: To utilize a panel of 11 single chain variable fragments (scFvs) that selectively bind disease-related variants of TAR DNA-binding protein (TDP)-43, β-amyloid, tau, and α-synuclein to assess damage following traumatic brain injury (TBI), and d... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Balance control during stance and gait after cochlear implant surgery - Stieger C, Siemens X, Honegger F, Roushan K, Bodmer D, Allum J.
BACKGROUND: After cochlear implant (CI) surgery, some patients experience vertigo, dizziness and/or deficits in vestibulo-ocular reflexes. However, little is known about the effect of CI surgery on balance control. Therefore, we examined differences in sta... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Neutral is negative enough - peer victimization influences cardiac, facial-muscular and experiential reactions to both negative evaluative and neutral social stimuli - Iffland B, Wiggert N, Neuner F, Blechert J.
Physiological stress responses vary as a function of adverse childhood experiences. However, previous studies concentrate on familial sources of childhood adversity. Potential long-term effects of peer victimization on physiology and affective responses ar... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

E-cigarette additives increase inflammation and impair lung function, study finds
(American Physiological Society) Flavoring and additive ingredients in e-cigarettes may increase inflammation and impair lung function, according to new research. The study, published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology, also found that short-term exposure to e-cigarettes was enough to cause lung inflammation similar or worse than that seen in traditional cigarette use. The research was chosen as an APSselect article for October. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - October 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Microglia and early brain development: An intimate journey
Cross-talk between the nervous and immune systems has been well described in the context of adult physiology and disease. Recent advances in our understanding of immune cell ontogeny have revealed a notable interplay between neurons and microglia during the prenatal and postnatal emergence of functional circuits. This Review focuses on the brain, where the early symbiotic relationship between microglia and neuronal cells critically regulates wiring, contributes to sex-specific differences in neural circuits, and relays crucial information from the periphery, including signals derived from the microbiota. These observations...
Source: ScienceNOW - October 11, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Thion, M. S., Ginhoux, F., Garel, S. Tags: Neuroscience special/review Source Type: news

Replumbing the lymphatic system
(Source: ScienceNOW)
Source: ScienceNOW - October 11, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Leslie, M. Tags: Medicine, Diseases, Physiology In Depth Source Type: news

Phys Ed: Vigorous Exercise, Even a Trek Up Everest, May Be Safe During Pregnancy
New research undercuts widely held beliefs about strenuous physical training and pregnancy. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - October 10, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: GRETCHEN REYNOLDS Tags: Pregnancy and Childbirth Athletics and Sports Exercise Babies and Infants Mountaineering Anatomy and Physiology Source Type: news

Featured Review: Pelvic floor muscle training versus no treatment, or inactive control treatments, for urinary incontinence in women
Chantal Dumoulin andLicia P Cacciari fromCochrane Incontinence  wanted to find out if pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) helps women with urinary incontinence problems. They did this by comparing the effects of this training with no treatment, or with any inactive treatment (for example, advice on management with pads). We asked Chantal and Lucia questions a bout this recentCochrane Review.1.Please can you describe yourself and your Cochrane Group?Since 2012 I have held a Canada Research Chair in Urogyneacoogical health and Aging. Our research program's overarching goal is toImprove continence care in older Canadian ...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - October 9, 2018 Category: Information Technology Authors: Muriah Umoquit Source Type: news

The psychological value of time - Galetzka M, Pruyn A, van Hagen M, Vos M, Moritz B, Gostelie F.
Much research in the field of public transport takes the approach that ravel time is lost time and values time as the ratio of the marginal utilities of time and money. As such, travel time is considered as a disutility or cost, but a view is emerging that... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Suicide risk and the menstrual cycle: a review of candidate RDoC mechanisms - Owens SA, Eisenlohr-Moul T.
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Risk for suicidal behavior may fluctuate across the menstrual cycle. Here, we use the RDoC framework to review potential mechanisms by which the cycle may increase acute suicide risk. RECENT FINDINGS: The menstrual cycle impacts the majo... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Seatbelt wearing rate in a Chinese city: results from multi-round cross-sectional studies - Li Q, Peng J, Chen T, Yu Y, Hyder AA.
OBJECTIVE: Road traffic crashes impose a heavy burden in China's most populous city, Shanghai. Since early 2016, Shanghai police have started deploying high-resolution cameras and an object-detection algorithm in seatbelt enforcement. Around the same time,... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Gaze doesn't always lead steering - Lehtonen E, Lappi O, Koskiahde N, Mansikka T, Hietam äki J, Summala H.
In car driving, gaze typically leads the steering when negotiating curves. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether drivers also use this gaze-leads-steering strategy when time-sharing between driving and a visual secondary task. Fourteen pa... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The effect of peripheral visual feedforward system in enhancing situation awareness and mitigating motion sickness in fully automated driving - Karjanto J, Md. Yusof N, Wang C, Terken J, Delbressine F, Rauterberg M.
This study investigates the impact of peripheral visual information in alleviating motion sickness when engaging in non-driving tasks in fully automated driving. A peripheral visual feedforward system (PVFS) was designed providing information about the upc... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The bomb crater effect under the influence of audit feedback: now you see me, now you don't - Brandhorst S, Kluge A.
Safety-related rule violations in High Reliability Organizations have the potential to cause accidents, with severe consequences for people, organizations or even society. To prevent such accidents, safety audits are conducted to monitor and ensure high sa... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Helmets improve estimations of depth and visual angle to safe targets - Dumitru ML, Pasqualotto A.
Egocentric distance estimation has been shown to depend on wearing safety gear, which promotes compensatory behavior, and on target type, which regulates fight-or-flight responses. We hypothesized that the two factors interact, possibly in asymmetric fashi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Global lower limb muscle coactivation during walking at different speeds: relationship between spatio-temporal, kinematic, kinetic, and energetic parameters - Varrecchia T, Rinaldi M, Serrao M, Draicchio F, Conte C, Conforto S, Schmid M, Ranavolo A.
Muscle coactivation is the mechanism that regulates the simultaneous activity of antagonist muscles around the same joint. During walking, muscle joint coactivation varies within the gait cycle according to the functional role of the lower limb joints. In ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Experimental evidence of selective inattention in reputation-based cooperation - Okada I, Yamamoto H, Sato Y, Uchida S, Sasaki T.
Reputation-based cooperation is often observed in modern society. People gain several types of information by assessing others. Among these, the most important information is the actions of people and those of their recipients. However, almost all studies ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Effects of load carriage and surface inclination on linear and non-linear postural variability - Soangra R, Bhatt H, Rashedi E.
Understanding of inclined-work-related risk of falls and developing novel practical engineering controls for reducing this risk of falls among hilly working population remains in high demand. Standing on sloped surfaces provides a unique environment for ex... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Changes in driver glance behavior when using a system that automates steering to perform a low-speed parallel parking maneuver - Kidd DG, Reimer B, Dobres J, Mehler B.
Drivers adapt their glance behavior when using automation, which may detract attention from their surroundings. Glance behavior during parallel parking maneuvers performed with and without automated steering was compared. Drivers directed a smaller proport... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

An example of working women in Mexico City: how can their vision reshape transport policy? - Mejia-Dorantes L.
This paper focuses on mobility and accessibility in Mexico City especially for low-medium income working women using a qualitative approach. Through in-depth interviews, we discuss different mobility and transport issues to understand what the main factors... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Ab initio pilot training for traffic separation and visual airport procedures in a naturalistic flight simulation environment - Koglbauer I, Braunstingl R.
The purpose was to evaluate a training method for ab initio student pilots to improve situational awareness, performance of airport procedures and of aircraft separation during Visual Flight Rules (VFR) flight in a simulated naturalistic environment. Loss ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Immunotherapy effective against hereditary melanoma
(Karolinska Institutet) Individuals with an inherited form of skin cancer often have a poor prognosis. The type of immunotherapy that was awarded this year's Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is, however, particularly effective in this patient group, research from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden shows. The study is published in the Journal of Medical Genetics. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - October 8, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Scientists pinpoint pathway that impacts features of autism
(Florida Atlantic University) A study has uncovered a brain-signaling pathway that can be pharmacologically manipulated in mice to reverse an autism-related pathway. Using an experimental drug targeting this pathway, researchers normalized the disrupted physiology and behavior of these mice. Moreover, effects were seen in adult mice, suggesting a possible route to developing medications for adults with autism spectrum disorder. Remarkably, the study also showed physiological changes linked to gut function in the mice, a medical comorbidity of ASD. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - October 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Innate immunity in the postmortem brain of depressed and suicide subjects: role of Toll-like receptors - Pandey GN, Rizavi HS, Bhaumik R, Ren X.
Abnormalities of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) have been implicated in the pathophysiology of depression and suicide. Interactions of TLRs with pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMP) and damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMP) initiate signaling th... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

International study of video review of concussion in professional sports - Davis GA, Makdissi M, Bloomfield P, Clifton P, Echemendia RJ, Falvey ÉC, Fuller GW, Green G, Harcourt PR, Hill T, McGuirk N, Meeuwisse W, Orchard JW, Raftery M, Sills AK, Solomon GS, Valadka A, McCrory P.
BACKGROUND: Video review has become an important tool in professional sporting codes to help sideline identification and management of players with a potential concussion. AIM: To assess current practices related to video review of concussion in pr... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Neural control of balance during walking - Reimann H, Fettrow T, Thompson ED, Jeka JJ.
Neural control of standing balance has been extensively studied. However, most falls occur during walking rather than standing, and findings from standing balance research do not necessarily carry over to walking. This is primarily due to the constraints o... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Injury prevention programs based on flywheel vs. Body weight resistance in recreational athletes - Monajati A, Larumbe-Zabala E, Goss-Sampson M, Naclerio F.
This study compares the effect of an isoinertial flywheel technology vs. a traditional gravity-dependent exercise protocol on modifiable factors associated with the incidence of hamstring strain (HAM) and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. Furtherm... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news