' Physiology Fights Back' When People Are Trying to Lose Weight'Physiology Fights Back' When People Are Trying to Lose Weight
' Individuals who are struggling to achieve weight loss goals, despite assuring compliance with [a] diet, may indeed be ' suffering ' from metabolic adaptation during active weight loss, ' say researchers.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape FamilyMedicine Headlines)
Source: Medscape FamilyMedicine Headlines - January 27, 2022 Category: Primary Care Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology News Source Type: news

UCLA food studies institute to tackle global food challenges
Increasingly, scholars are studying food — its production, preparation, sharing, consumption and disposal — to better understand and tackle global challenges such as climate change, health and social disparities and labor conditions, and to improve access to information.Already a leader in the emerging field offood studies, UCLA has created an interdisciplinary institute devoted to research, teaching and policy about food, made possible by an anonymous $13.5 million gift.The UCLA Rothman Family Institute for Food Studies will bring together faculty, staff, students, chefs and members of the community and house UCLA ...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - January 24, 2022 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Profiling the tackle and its injury characteristics in premier New Zealand club rugby union players over a complete season - Takamori S, Hamlin MJ, King D, Hume PA, Tachikawa K, Koyanagi R, Yoshida T.
OBJECTIVES: RugbySmart is a safe tackle technique education programme. Our objective was to identify whether the RugbySmart-recommended safe tackle technique was exhibited by club rugby players and whether tackle-related injuries showed poor tackle techniq... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Deaths among U.S. Air Force basic military trainees, 2008-2020 - Butler CR, Kasper KB, Huggins RA, Cropper TL, Frankel DN, Pawlak MT, Casey T, Casa DJ.
INTRODUCTION: The U.S. Air Force (USAF) Basic Military Training (BMT), a rigorous training program for all enlisted members of the USAF, trains roughly 36,000 recruits annually. Transforming civilians into ready warrior airmen has inherent risks to trainee... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A design tool to estimate maximum acceptable manual arm forces for above-shoulder work - Rempel D, Potvin J.
There is a need for design criteria for above-shoulder work to prevent shoulder fatigue and supraspinatus injuries. A tool is developed to estimate maximum acceptable manual arm forces for above-shoulder work based on 25(th) % female strength with adjustme... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Visual impairment and risk of self-reported road traffic crashes among bus drivers in Bangladesh - Ahmed M, Patnaik JL, Whitestone N, Hossain MA, Alauddin M, Husain L, Hossain MP, Islam MS, Hossain MI, Imdad K, Cherwek DH, Congdon N.
This study assesses the prevalence and the causes of visual impairment among bus drivers undergoing screening in Bangladesh and associations with self-reported crashes. METHODS: Eye health screenings including refraction and questionnaires... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Falls are common, morbid, and predictable among people with cirrhosis - Murphy SL, Blackwood J, Richardson JK, Martinez B, Tapper EB.
[The publisher has not provided an abstract for this article.] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 19, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The effects of visual-field loss from panretinal photocoagulation of proliferative diabetic retinopathy on performance in a driving simulator - Bro T, Andersson J.
The purpose of this study was to compare driving-simulator performance of participants with visual-field loss (VFL) from panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) with a normally sighted control group. Furthermore, we in... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 19, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Physiological markers of traffic-related stress during active travel - Bigazzi A, Ausri F, Peddie L, Fitch D, Puterman E.
Understanding perceptions of safety and comfort (PSC) while walking or cycling is essential to accommodating and encouraging active travel, but current measures of PSC, primarily surveys, suffer from validity and reliability issues. Physiological markers o... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 19, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Handedness in twins: meta-analyses - Pfeifer LS, Schmitz J, Papadatou-Pastou M, Peterburs J, Paracchini S, Ocklenburg S.
BACKGROUND: In the general population, 10.6% of people favor their left hand over the right for motor tasks. Previous research suggests higher prevalence of atypical (left-, mixed-, or non-right-) handedness in (i) twins compared to singletons, and in (ii)... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 19, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Drivers' and cyclists' safety perceptions in overtaking maneuvers - Rasch A, Moll S, L ópez G, Garcia A, Dozza M.
Drivers overtaking cyclists on rural roads are a safety concern, as drivers need to handle the interaction with the cyclist and possibly an oncoming vehicle. Improving the maneuver's outcome requires an understanding of not only the objective, measurable s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 19, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A multi-environments-gene interaction study of anxiety, depression and self-harm in the UK Biobank cohort - Li C, Liang X, Cheng S, Wen Y, Pan C, Zhang H, Chen Y, Zhang J, Zhang Z, Yang X, Meng P, Zhang F.
The effects of gene-by-environment (G ×E) interactions on complex diseases are significant, especially the superimposed effects of multiple environmental factors. However, research on the multi-environments-gene interactions of anxiety, depression, and sel... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 19, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Trail running injury risk factors: a living systematic review - Viljoen C, Janse van Rensburg DCC, Van Mechelen W, Verhagen E, Silva B, Scheer V, Besomi M, Gajardo-Burgos R, Matos S, Schoeman M, Jansen van Rensburg A, van Dyk N, Scheepers S, Botha T.
OBJECTIVE: To review and frequently update the available evidence on injury risk factors and epidemiology of injury in trail running. DESIGN: Living systematic review. Updated searches will be done every 6 months for a minimum period of 5 years. DA... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 19, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

How Much Should a Newborn Eat?
Discussion A serving size and a portion are not the same thing. A serving size is a specific measured amount of food. This is cited on the product label or readily available resources such as cookbooks or the Internet (an example can be found here.) A portion is the amount chosen to be served or eaten by a person. They can be the same but may not be the same. For example, 4 ounces of cereal is a common serving size, but an adult may often eat more than this as their portion. Children especially need appropriate portion sizes to match their age and body size. A good general rule for any age is a portion is the size of the p...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - January 10, 2022 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

The latent class multinomial logit model for modeling front-seat passenger seatbelt choice, considering seatbelt status of driver - Rezapour M, Ksaibati K.
The literature review highlighted the impacts of drivers' behavior on passengers' attitudes in the choice of seatbelt usage. However, limited studies have been done to determine those impacts. Studying the passengers' seatbelt use is especially needed to f... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 31, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news