Common pesticides stop bees and flies from getting a good night ’ s sleep
Just like us, many insects need a decent night ’ s sleep to function properly, but this might not be possible if they have been exposed to neonicotinoid insecticides, the most common form of insecticide used worldwide, suggests research by academics at the University of Bristol. (Source: University of Bristol news)
Source: University of Bristol news - January 21, 2021 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: International, Research; Faculty of Life Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences, School of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences, School of Physiology, Pharmacology and Neuroscience; Press Release Source Type: news

Constructing termite turrets without a blueprint
(Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences) Following a series of studies on termite mound physiology and morphogenesis over the past decade, researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences have now developed a mathematical model to help explain how termites construct their intricate mounds. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - January 19, 2021 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Prefrontal cortex involvement during dual-task stair climbing in healthy older adults: an fNIRS study - Salzman T, Aboualmagd A, Badawi H, Tob ón-Vallejo D, Kim H, Dahroug L, Laamarti F, El Saddik A, Fraser S.
Executive function and motor control deficits adversely affect gait performance with age, but the neural correlates underlying this interaction during stair climbing remains unclear. Twenty older adults (72.7 ± 6.9 years) completed single tasks: standin... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 15, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Efficacy of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) on impulsive behaviours and aggressiveness in psychiatric disorders - Bellino S, Bozzatello P, Badino C, Mantelli E, Rocca P.
It is the focus of increasing interest to investigate the effects of long-chain n-3 and long-chain n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC n-3 PUFAs; LC n-6 PUFAs) on psychiatric symptoms in a transdiagnostic perspective. There is some evidence that low leve... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 15, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Designer cytokine makes paralyzed mice walk again
(Ruhr-University Bochum) To date, paralysis resulting from spinal cord damage has been irreparable. With a new therapeutic approach, scientists from the Department for Cell Physiology at Ruhr-Universit ä t Bochum (RUB) headed by Professor Dietmar Fischer have succeeded for the first time in getting paralyzed mice to walk again. The keys to this are the protein hyper-interleukin-6, which stimulates nerve cells to regenerate, and the way how it is supplied to the animals. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 15, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Falls in people with multiple sclerosis: risk identification, intervention, and future directions - Coote S, Comber L, Quinn G, Santoyo-Medina C, Kalron A, Gunn H.
Falls are highly prevalent in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) and result in a range of negative consequences, such as injury, activity curtailment, reduced quality of life, and increased need for care and time off work. This narrative review aims to su... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 13, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A directional congruency effect of amplified dilated time perception induced by looming stimuli with implied motion cues - Seo J, Kim E, Kim SH.
The perception of time is not veridical, but, rather, it is susceptible to environmental context, like the intrinsic dynamics of moving stimuli. The direction of motion has been reported to affect time perception such that movement of objects toward an obs... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 13, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Max Planck Society, Rockefeller University Press enter " read-and-publish " agreement
(Rockefeller University Press) Max Planck Digital Library (MPDL) has signed an unlimited " read-and-publish " transformative agreement with Rockefeller University Press (RUP) on behalf of the Max Planck Society. The agreement covers Open Access (OA) publishing of articles in RUP's three hybrid journals:Journal of Cell Biology (JCB),Journal of Experimental Medicine (JEM) andJournal of General Physiology (JGP). (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 13, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Balance problems, paralysis, and angina as clinical markers for severity in major depression - Qi B, MacDonald K, Berlim MT, Fielding A, Lis E, Low N, Richard-Devantoy S, Tourjman V, Turecki G, Trakadis Y.
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a heterogeneous disorder. Our hypothesis is that neurological symptoms correlate with the severity of MDD symptoms. One hundred eighty-four outpatients with MDD completed a self-report questionnaire on past and present me... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 13, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Association between body mass index and the risk of falls: a nationwide population-based study - Yi SW, Kim YM, Won YJ, Kim SK, Kim SH.
The association of BMI with falls differed between men and women in Korea. Obesity was associated with a greater risk of falls in women, whereas underweight seemed to increase the risk of falls compared with normal weight in men. PURPOSE: This stu... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A traffic perimetry test that adheres to the European visual field requirements for group 2 drivers - J ørstad K, Jonsdottir TE, Zysset S, Rowe FJ.
[The publisher has not provided an abstract for this article.] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

What factors predict upper body push to pull ratios in professional firefighters? - Merrigan JJ, Burke AA, Fyock-Martin MB, Martin JR.
Shoulder joint injuries are common for professional firefighters. A potential cause of shoulder injury is an imbalance between anterior (push) and posterior (pull) shoulder joint musculature. Understanding what contributes to these imbalances may help to... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The diabetes-fracture association in women with type 1 and type 2 diabetes is partially mediated by falls: a 15-year longitudinal study - Thong EP, Milat F, Enticott JC, Joham AE, Ebeling PR, Mishra GD, Teede HJ.
This study evaluated mediators of fracture risk in postmenopausal women with type 1 (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D), over a 15-year follow-up period. This study provides evidence that the increased fracture risk in women with T1D or T2D is partially expl... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Serum human epididymal protein 4 is associated with depressive symptoms in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - Shu Y, Wang W.
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have a higher incidence of depression and an increased risk of developing various depression-related complications. We aimed to elucidate the asso... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Role of astrocytes in major neuropsychiatric disorders - Zhang X, Alnafisah RS, Hamoud ARA, Shukla R, Wen Z, McCullumsmith RE, O'Donovan SM.
Astrocytes are the primary homeostatic cells of the central nervous system, essential for normal neuronal development and function, metabolism and response to injury and inflammation. Here, we review postmortem studies examining changes in astrocytes in ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Neural mechanisms of human decision-making - Herd S, Krueger K, Nair A, Mollick J, O'Reilly R.
We present a theory and neural network model of the neural mechanisms underlying human decision-making. We propose a detailed model of the interaction between brain regions, under a proposer-predictor-actor-critic ​ ​framework. This theory is based on... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Identifying differences in gait adaptability across various speeds using movement synergy analysis - Ó'Reilly D, Federolf P.
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to identify movement synergies during normal-walking that can differentiate healthy adults in terms of gait adaptability at various speeds. To this end, the association between movement synergies and lower-limb coo... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Disability and anxiety in vestibular diseases: a cross-sectional study - Bayat A, Hoseinabadi R, Saki N, Sanayi R.
Introduction Patients with dizziness and vertigo usually experience psychological, physical, and social functioning limitations that may affect their daily living activities. In order to better understand disability and anxiety in patients with vertigo, ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A retrospective study of ulinastatin for the treatment of severe sepsis. Medicine 99(49): e23361.
This retrospective study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of existing approach of ulinastatin for the treatment of severe sepsis (SS).A total of 130 eligible patients with SS were included in this study. We divided them into an intervention group (n = 65) and a control group (n = 65). Patients in both groups received conventional therapy. In addition, patients in the intervention group received ulinastatin for 7 days. Outcomes were measured by Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II), Multiple Organ Failure (MOF), Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), CD3, CD4, CD8, CD4/CD8, and adverse events. We asse...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - January 8, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Global DNA methylation in suicidal ideation and suicide attempt in schizophrenia - Bani-Fatemi A, Raymond R, Adanty C, Dai N, Gerretsen P, Graff A, Nobrega JN, De Luca V.
Suicidal behavior is influenced by many risk factors such as childhood trauma, stressful life events, genetic factors, and severe mental illnesses. Suicidal ideation is present in 50% of schizophrenia patients and is associated with an elevated risk of s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Establishing the predictive validity of the ScanCourse for assessing on-road driving performance - Chau E, Nishi A, Kristalovich L, Holowaychuk A, Mortenson WB.
IMPORTANCE: Scanning the environment is critical for driving safety. The ScanCourse is a functional assessment that assesses a person's ability to scan the environment for visual information while in motion. Measurement properties for the ScanCourse have... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Visual adaptation to natural scene statistics and visual preference - Nguyen LY, Spehar B.
The amplitude of Fourier spectra for natural scenes falls with spatial frequency (f) and is described by the equation, 1/f( α), where exponent α corresponds to the slope of the spectral drop-off. For natural scenes α takes on intermediate values ~1.25, ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The prevalence of occupational exposure to ergonomic risk factors: a systematic review and meta-analysis from the WHO/ILO Joint Estimates of the Work-related Burden of Disease and Injury - Hulshof CTJ, Pega F, Neupane S, van der Molen HF, Colosio C, Daams JG, Descatha A, Kc P, Kuijer PPFM, Mandi ć-Rajčević S, Masci F, Morgan RL, Nygård CH, Oakman J, Proper KI, Solovieva S, Frings-Dresen MHW.
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Labour Organization (ILO) are developing joint estimates of the work-related burden of disease and injury (WHO/ILO Joint Estimates), with contributions from a large network of experts.... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Making sense of neural development by comparing wiring strategies for seeing and hearing
The ability to perceive and interact with the world depends on a diverse array of neural circuits specialized for carrying out specific computations. Each circuit is assembled using a relatively limited number of molecules and common developmental steps, from cell fate specification to activity-dependent synaptic refinement. Given this shared toolkit, how do individual circuits acquire their characteristic properties? We explore this question by comparing development of the circuitry for seeing and hearing, highlighting a few examples where differences in each system’s sensory demands necessitate different developmen...
Source: ScienceNOW - January 7, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Sitko, A. A., Goodrich, L. V. Tags: Neuroscience, Online Only, Physiology review Source Type: news

Complex diversity from shared toolkits
(Source: ScienceNOW)
Source: ScienceNOW - January 7, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Hines, P. J. Tags: Neuroscience, Physiology twis Source Type: news

A systematic review and meta-analysis of risk factors for postpartum depression among Latinas - Edwards LM, Le HN, Garnier-Villarreal M.
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article was to describe the findings from a systematic review, quality review, and meta-analysis of risk factors for postpartum depression among adult Latinas in the United States. METHODS: Databases were searched ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Depression in focus: insights from animal and human data, from molecular to behavioural analyses - Barrot M, Yalcin I.
Depressive disorders are endemic as they affect around 16% of the population at some point over the lifespan, and they result in personal suffering, increased risk of suicide and notable socio-economic burden. The core symptoms include low mood, low self... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Neural and genetic bases for human ability traits - Pinto CB, Bielefeld J, Jabakhanji R, Reckziegel D, Griffith JW, Apkarian AV.
The judgement of human ability is ubiquitous, from school admissions to job performance reviews. The exact make-up of ability traits, however, is often narrowly defined and lacks a comprehensive basis. We attempt to simplify the spectrum of human ability... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Applying a holistic hamstring injury prevention approach in elite football: 12 seasons, single club study - Suarez-Arrones L, Nakamura FY, Maldonado RA, Torreno N, Di Salvo V, Mendez-Villanueva A.
This study involved an elite club in Europe and was conducted over 12 seasons. The last 2... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Does exercise-based conventional training improve reactive balance control among people with chronic stroke? - Kannan L, Vora J, Varas-Diaz G, Bhatt T, Hughes S.
BACKGROUND: Exercise-based conventional training has predominantly benefited fall-associated volitional balance control domain; however, the effect on reactive balance control is under-examined. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the eff... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Dual-task costs of quantitative gait parameters while walking and turning in people with Parkinson's disease: beyond gait speed - Vit ório R, Hasegawa N, Carlson-Kuhta P, Nutt JG, Horak FB, Mancini M, Shah VV.
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of recommendations for selecting the most appropriate gait measures of Parkinson's disease (PD)-specific dual-task costs to use in clinical practice and research. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify measures of dual-task c... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

How early should you brake during a 180 ° turn? A kinetic comparison of the antepenultimate, penultimate, and final foot contacts during a 505 change of direction speed test - Dos'Santos T, Thomas C, Jones PA.
The aim of the study was to compare ground reaction force (GRF) characteristics between the antepenultimate foot contact (APFC), penultimate foot contact (PFC), and final foot contact (FFC), and to examine the relationships between APFC, PFC, and FFC GRF... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Individual optimization of risky decisions in duration and distance estimations - van der Mijn R, Damsma A, Taatgen N, van Rijn H.
Many everyday decisions require an accurate perception of how much time has passed since a previous event. Although humans estimate time intervals with a high degree of mean accuracy, the precision of estimations varies greatly between individuals. In sit... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Neurobiology of impulsivity and aggression as substrates of suicidal behavior: a narrative focus on the involvement of serum lipids - Gokcay H, Balcioglu Y.
Previous incidental findings of an increase of suicidal risk among subjects with low cholesterol levels have drawn attention to the role of lipids in suicidal behavior. To date, multiple lines of evidence acquired from clinical studies have confirmed an as... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The accuracy and validity of the Sheffield Features of Gait Tool - Birch I, Birch M, Lall J.
Gait is now widely used in the UK as a contributor to identification, and increasing interest is being shown in its use in both Europe and the US. One of the long standing criticisms of the use of gait as evidence has been the lack of a validated standard ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The influence of activities and socio-economic/demographic factors on the acceptable distance in an Indian scenario - Rahul TM, Manoj M, Tahlyan D, Verma A.
Type of activity is an important aspect that influences the travel behavior of the trip makers. The present study uses the concept of an acceptable trip distance to compare the walking characteristics across subgroups of various socio-demographic factors a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

If you had to pick one healthy habit for 2021, here's your best choice
Numerous studies show that simply walking 30 minutes a day can have powerful health benefits. ‘It gets everything, it gets all physiology and it also gets your mental well-being as well,’ says UBC health and exercise science professor. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - January 2, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada/British Columbia Source Type: news

If you had to pick one health treatment for 2021, here's your best choice
Numerous studies show that simply walking 30 minutes a day can have powerful health benefits. ‘It gets everything, it gets all physiology and it also gets your mental well-being as well,’ says UBC health and exercise science professor. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - January 2, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada/British Columbia Source Type: news

International Prehospital Medicine Institute Literature Review, January 2021
This study compares the 10-g AC to the 14-g AC for decompression of a tPTX and rescue from a tension-induced pulseless electrical activity (tPEA) in the setting of 30% estimated blood volume loss without hemothorax. The authors hypothesized the 10-g AC would be more effective and have a faster rescue from tension physiology than the 14-g AC currently used by most EMS systems. This was an animal study utilizing anesthetized pigs. The researchers placed arterial and venous lines for hemodynamic monitoring. They then placed 12-mm trocars through each diaphragm through which they could infuse carbon dioxide to simulate a te...
Source: JEMS Administration and Leadership - January 1, 2021 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: JEMS Staff Tags: Exclusives International Prehospital Medicine Institute Source Type: news

International Prehospital Medicine Institute Literature Review, January 2021
This study compares the 10-g AC to the 14-g AC for decompression of a tPTX and rescue from a tension-induced pulseless electrical activity (tPEA) in the setting of 30% estimated blood volume loss without hemothorax. The authors hypothesized the 10-g AC would be more effective and have a faster rescue from tension physiology than the 14-g AC currently used by most EMS systems. This was an animal study utilizing anesthetized pigs. The researchers placed arterial and venous lines for hemodynamic monitoring. They then placed 12-mm trocars through each diaphragm through which they could infuse carbon dioxide to simulate a te...
Source: JEMS Patient Care - January 1, 2021 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: JEMS Staff Tags: Exclusives International Prehospital Medicine Institute Source Type: news

International Prehospital Medicine Institute Literature Review, January 2021
This study compares the 10-g AC to the 14-g AC for decompression of a tPTX and rescue from a tension-induced pulseless electrical activity (tPEA) in the setting of 30% estimated blood volume loss without hemothorax. The authors hypothesized the 10-g AC would be more effective and have a faster rescue from tension physiology than the 14-g AC currently used by most EMS systems. This was an animal study utilizing anesthetized pigs. The researchers placed arterial and venous lines for hemodynamic monitoring. They then placed 12-mm trocars through each diaphragm through which they could infuse carbon dioxide to simulate a te...
Source: JEMS Latest News - January 1, 2021 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: JEMS Staff Tags: Exclusives International Prehospital Medicine Institute Source Type: news

International Prehospital Medicine Institute Literature Review, January 2021
This study compares the 10-g AC to the 14-g AC for decompression of a tPTX and rescue from a tension-induced pulseless electrical activity (tPEA) in the setting of 30% estimated blood volume loss without hemothorax. The authors hypothesized the 10-g AC would be more effective and have a faster rescue from tension physiology than the 14-g AC currently used by most EMS systems. This was an animal study utilizing anesthetized pigs. The researchers placed arterial and venous lines for hemodynamic monitoring. They then placed 12-mm trocars through each diaphragm through which they could infuse carbon dioxide to simulate a te...
Source: JEMS: Journal of Emergency Medical Services News - January 1, 2021 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: JEMS Staff Tags: Exclusives International Prehospital Medicine Institute Source Type: news

International Prehospital Medicine Institute Literature Review, January 2021
This study compares the 10-g AC to the 14-g AC for decompression of a tPTX and rescue from a tension-induced pulseless electrical activity (tPEA) in the setting of 30% estimated blood volume loss without hemothorax. The authors hypothesized the 10-g AC would be more effective and have a faster rescue from tension physiology than the 14-g AC currently used by most EMS systems. This was an animal study utilizing anesthetized pigs. The researchers placed arterial and venous lines for hemodynamic monitoring. They then placed 12-mm trocars through each diaphragm through which they could infuse carbon dioxide to simulate a te...
Source: JEMS Operations - January 1, 2021 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: JEMS Staff Tags: Exclusives International Prehospital Medicine Institute Source Type: news

International Prehospital Medicine Institute Literature Review, January 2021
This study compares the 10-g AC to the 14-g AC for decompression of a tPTX and rescue from a tension-induced pulseless electrical activity (tPEA) in the setting of 30% estimated blood volume loss without hemothorax. The authors hypothesized the 10-g AC would be more effective and have a faster rescue from tension physiology than the 14-g AC currently used by most EMS systems. This was an animal study utilizing anesthetized pigs. The researchers placed arterial and venous lines for hemodynamic monitoring. They then placed 12-mm trocars through each diaphragm through which they could infuse carbon dioxide to simulate a te...
Source: JEMS Special Topics - January 1, 2021 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: JEMS Staff Tags: Exclusives International Prehospital Medicine Institute Source Type: news

Traps and tricks of safety management at sea - St ørkersen KV, Thorvaldsen T.
In this study, seafarers and fishers' perspectives on safety manag... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 1, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Variation in aggression rates and urinary cortisol levels indicates intergroup competition in wild bonobos - Cheng L, Lucchesi S, Mundry R, Samuni L, Deschner T, Surbeck M.
Intergroup competition is a widespread phenomenon across taxa and groups typically compete over access to limited resources, such as food and mates. Such intergroup competition may be quantified by changes in individuals' behavioral and physiological sta... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Musculoskeletal injuries among females in the military: a scoping review - Barbeau P, Michaud A, Hamel C, Rice D, Skidmore B, Hutton B, Garritty C, da Silva DF, Semeniuk K, Adamo KB.
INTRODUCTION: Musculoskeletal injuries (MSKi) are a common challenge for those in military careers. Compared to their male peers, reports indicate that female military members and recruits are at greater risk of suffering MSKi during training and deploy... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Progressive resistance training for improving health-related outcomes in people at risk of fracture: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials - Ponzano M, Rodrigues IB, Hosseini Z, Ashe MC, Butt DA, Chilibeck PD, Stapleton J, Thabane L, Wark JD, Giangregorio L.
OBJECTIVE: Osteoporosis clinical practice guidelines recommend exercise to prevent fractures, but the efficacy of exercise depends on the exercise types, the population studied, or the outcomes of interest. The purpose of this systematic review was to a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Prospective study of muscle injuries in three consecutive seasons of the Brazilian Football Championship - Margato GF, Andrade J únior EF, Lara PHS, Pagura JR, Cohen M, Arliani GG.
OBJECTIVE  To perform a prospective evaluation of muscle injuries that occurred during the matches of series A and B of the Brazilian Men's Football Championship from 2016 to 2018. Prospective  A prospective-cohort study with data collection regardi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Wrist and hand postures when falling and description of the upper limb falling reflex - Giddins G, Giddins H.
INTRODUCTION: Falling studies, i.e. assessing what happens when an individual falls, have been conducted in controlled environments but not in field studies for ethical reasons; this potentially limits the validity and applicability of previous studies. ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news