Occurrence and intensity of spinal pain in motorcyclists depending on motorcycle type - W ójcik R, Trybulec B.
INTRODUCTION: Motorcycles in Poland become more and more popular also as convenient means of transport, especially in large cities. Factors influencing on driver during riding the motorcycle are assumed to cause spinal pain in motorcyclist. These factors m... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Risk of depression and suicidality among diabetic patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis - Elamoshy R, Bird Y, Thorpe L, Moraros J.
The purpose of this study is to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the risk of depression and suicidality among diabetic patients. METHODS: Medline, PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane library, and Psych INFO were searched for studies p... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Moral judgment: an overlooked deficient domain in multiple sclerosis? - Ayache SS, Chalah MA.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory and neurodegenerative disease of the central nervous system through which patients can suffer from sensory, motor, cerebellar, emotional, and cognitive symptoms. Although cognitive and behavioral dysfunctio... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Critical aspects in the legal defence of patients with Tourette's Syndrome: an Italian case series - Porta M, Servello D, Dell'osso B, Dina CZ, Bona A, Alleva GC.
Tourette's syndrome (TS) is a developmental neurobehavioral disorder with childhood onset and relevant burden in terms of disability and reduced quality of life. In Italy the biological basis of this syndrome is still frequently ignored and TS is often rec... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Evaluating cerebrovascular reactivity during the early symptomatic phase of sport concussion - Churchill N, Hutchison M, Graham S, Schweizer TA.
Cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) indexes the ability of blood vessels to respond to vasoactive stimuli and may be a sensitive biomarker of concussion. However, alterations in whole-brain CVR remain poorly understood during the early symptomatic phase of in... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The influence of physiobiomechanical parameters, technical aspects of shooting, and psychophysiological factors on biathlon performance: a review - Laaksonen MS, Finkenzeller T, Holmberg HC, Sattlecker G.
The biathlon, an Olympic sporting discipline that combines cross-country skiing with rifle marksmanship, entails considerable physiological demands, as well as fine motor control while shooting after intense exercise and under mental pressure. Although muc... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Prevalence and risk factors of musculoskeletal disorders among farmers involved in manual farm operations - Jain R, Meena ML, Dangayach GS.
The aim of the current investigation is to determine the risk factors affecting the musculoskeletal system of 100 manual working farmers of India. The information regarding prevalence and risk factors of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) was collected using... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Limb symmetry index in competitive alpine ski racers: reference values and injury risk identification according to age-related performance levels - Steidl-M üller L, Hildebrandt C, Muller E, Fink C, Raschner C.
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to assess differences of limb symmetry index (LSI) in strength- and coordination-related tasks between high-level, competitive, noninjured ski racers of different age-related performance levels and to prospectively asse... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Two faces of internality: measuring overconfident and cautious driving Locus of Control - Masini M, Passarelli M, Chiorri C, Bracco F, Piccinno TF.
Locus of Control (LoC) is the extent to which individuals believe they can control events in their lives. Individuals with high 'internal' LoC think that they can control the situation; individuals with high 'external' LoC feel the opposite. LoC has been u... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Interference of visual conditions and stance postures on center of pressure sway in patients with schizophrenia with history of fall - Chern JS, Wang SP, Chang JH, Yu SN, Lin YZ.
This study examines the interaction effects among incidences of falls, visual conditions, and stance postures on the magnitude of center of pressure sway (MCOPS) in patients with schizophrenia. The coordinates of COP in ten postural control demands were me... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A proposal for a kinetic summary measure: the Gait Kinetic Index - Cimolin V, Condoluci C, Costici PF, Galli M.
A new summary index for kinetic gait data is proposed (Gait Kinetic Index - GKI), BASED on six kinetic selected variables: hip, knee and ankle moments and powers on the sagittal plane. This method was applied on a control group (CG) of 18 subjects and on 5... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Smoking during pregnancy increases the likelihood of your baby becoming obese
(The Physiological Society) Smoking during pregnancy increases the chance that your baby will become obese. New research published in Experimental Physiology examined potential reasons for this phenomenon, using tissue which is normally discarded following birth. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - November 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Teens With Autism Educate Future Doctors At Boston University
BOSTON (CBS) – It’s a unique medical school class designed to increase awareness of patients with autism and other intellectual disabilities. And today’s teachers were two teenagers, both on the autism spectrum. “I’m 13 years old. I’m in eighth grade. I really, really like otters, and I have ADHD and a tiny bit of autism,” says Hana. She and her 15-year-old sister Helen have come to a Boston University Medical School classroom to talk with third year students. Both girls are on the autism spectrum, and are ready for any and all questions. “Anything! I’m not going to ...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - November 20, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Boston News Health Syndicated Local Watch Listen Autism Boston University School Of Medicine Paula Ebben Source Type: news

Empirical based modeling for the assessment of dynamic knee stability: implications for anterior cruciate ligament injury risk - Morgan KD, Donnelly CJ, Reinbolt JA.
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are common sports injuries, costing the U.S. roughly $1 billion annually. To better understand the underlying injury mechanism, Nyquist and Bode stability criteria were applied to assess frontal plane dynamic knee ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Fight load index and body composition are most associated with combat fitness in female Marines - Allison KF, Keenan KA, Lovalekar M, Mi Q, Beals K, Coleman LCLC, Nindl BC.
Optimizing tactical fitness is important for combat readiness and injury prevention, especially as women have entered ground combat military occupational specialties. OBJECTIVES: To assess characteristics of male and female Marines by Combat Fitnes... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A reliability & risk framework for the assessment and management of system risks in critical infrastructures with central control rooms - Roe E, Schulman PR.
The submission integrates approaches and major findings generated over the course of our 15-year research project on high reliability management in California infrastructures. The resulting framework identifies issues and variables core to systemwide relia... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Sub-lethal exposure to lead is associated with heightened aggression in an urban songbird - McClelland SC, Dur ães Ribeiro R, Mielke HW, Finkelstein ME, Gonzales CR, Jones JA, Komdeur J, Derryberry E, Saltzberg EB, Karubian J.
Many urban areas have elevated soil lead concentrations due to prior large-scale use of lead in products such as paint and automobile gasoline. This presents a potential problem for the growing numbers of wildlife living in urbanized areas as lead exposure... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Extended desired safety margin car-following model that considers variation of historical perceived risk and acceptable risk - Zhang J, Wang Y, Lu G.
In this paper, an extended desired safety margin (DSM) car-following model is proposed by accounting for the effect of the variation of historical perceived risk and acceptable risk in terms of the DSM model. By conducting gray correlation analysis, an inv... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Evaluation of midpoint runway marking for general aviation airports - Hawkins HG, Dillman BG.
The aviation industry continues to experience landing overruns at general aviation airports due in part to pilots touching down beyond the midpoint of the available runway. In some landing overruns, pilots were unaware that the midpoint was reached and non... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Upper extremity immobilization and driving: limitations and liability - Chong PY, Golinvaux NS, Lee DH.
Orthopaedic injuries of the upper extremity remain common, often requiring prolonged immobilization after surgical or nonsurgical management. Upper extremity immobilization often has a profound effect on a patient's daily life, including one's ability to s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Physical fitness characteristics that relate to work sample test battery performance in law enforcement recruits - Lockie RG, Dawes JJ, Balfany K, Gonzales CE, Beitzel MM, Dulla JM, Orr RM.
This study determined relationships between an agency-specific fitness test battery (PT500), and a work sample test battery (WSTB) in law enforcement recruits. Retrospective analysis on 219 males and 34 females from one agency was conducted. The PT500 comp... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Effects of upper body strength, hand placement and foot placement on ladder fall severity - Pliner EM, Jin Seo N, Ramakrishnan V, Beschorner KE.
This study investigates the impact of upper body s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Differential effects of muscle fatigue on dynamic spine stability: implications for injury risk - Larson DJ, Pinto BL, Brown SHM.
This study was designed to assess the utility of using a measure of dynamic spine stability in an unfatigued, rested state as a predictor of dynamic spine stability in a challenged, fatigued state. Participants completed three trials (Day 1: Rested, Fatigu... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Risks of bipolar disorder, depressive disorder, and traumatic brain injury among siblings of patients with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder - Wei HT, Pan TL, Hsu JW, Huang KL, Bai YM, Ko NY, Su TP, Li CT, Tsai SJ, Lin WC, Chen TJ, Chen MH.
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that the unaffected siblings of patients with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experience deficits in attention, impulsivity control, and behavior inhibition, which are associated with health-risk ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

UCLA cell study reveals how head injuries lead to serious brain diseases
UCLA biologists have discovered how head injuries adversely affect individual cells and genes  that can lead to serious brain disorders. The life scientists provide the first cell “atlas” of the hippocampus — the part of the brain that helps regulate learning and memory — when it is affected by traumatic brain injury. The team also proposes gene candidates for treating brain disease s associated with traumatic brain injury, such as Alzheimer’s disease and post-traumatic stress disorder.The researchers studied more than 6,000 cells in 15 hippocampal cell types — the first study of in...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - November 16, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Hot baths can lower insulin levels
Research, published in theJournal of Applied Physiology, suggests that taking hot baths can lower blood sugar and insulin levels that may lead to improved metabolic health. Daily Mail (Source: Society for Endocrinology)
Source: Society for Endocrinology - November 16, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: news

Turf toe injury - current concepts and an updated review of literature - Clough TM, Majeed H.
Turf toe injuries can be a disabling if not recognized and treated early. A high index of suspicion, based on the mechanism of injury and appropriate imaging, helps in the timely diagnosis. These injuries are frequently known to occur on artificial playing... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The effects of fall history on kinematic synergy during walking - Yamagata M, Tateuchi H, Shimizu I, Ichihashi N.
To prevent falls, control of the swing foot during walking is crucial. Recently, some studies demonstrated that the coordinated movement of lower limbs by kinematic synergy is important for stable walking. However, no study has been carried out to reveal t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The contribution of the instrumented Timed-Up-and-Go test to detect falls and fear of falling in people with multiple sclerosis - Hershkovitz L, Malcay O, Grinberg Y, Berkowitz S, Kalron A.
The objective of our study was to examine the Instrumented Timed-Up-and-Go test (ITUG) in relation to falls and FoF in PwMS. This case-control study comprised... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Testosterone, risk, and socioeconomic position in British men: exploring causal directionality - Hughes A, Kumari M.
Lower testosterone levels in men are observationally associated with worse health, but it is unclear whether they contribute to well-established social gradients in health. Mendelian Randomization studies suggest positive testosterone-health associations m... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Forecast or fall: prediction's importance to postural control - Dakin CJ, Bolton DAE.
To interact successfully with an uncertain environment, organisms must be able to respond to both unanticipated and anticipated events. For unanticipated events, organisms have evolved stereotyped motor behaviors mapped to the statistical regularities of t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Factors associated with the likelihood of fall-related injury among people with lower limb loss - Chihuri S, Wong CK.
BACKGROUND: People with lower limb loss that live in the community fall at a rate that exceeds that of other vulnerable populations such as hospitalized elderly people. Past research in a small single state study has identified factors associated with fall... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Does dual-task gait differ in those with late-life depression versus mild cognitive impairment? - Naidu AS, Vasudev A, Burhan AM, Ionson E, Montero-Odasso M.
OBJECTIVES: To compare the dual-task gait performance of older adults with Late-Life Depression (LLD) versus Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with three matched groups: LLD, MCI and non-depressed and cognitively intact... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Bicycling participation in people with a lower limb amputation: a scoping review - Poonsiri J, Dekker R, Dijkstra PU, Hijmans JM, Geertzen JHB.
BACKGROUND: To review literature on bicycling participation, as well as facilitators and barriers for bicycling in people with a lower limb amputation (LLA). METHODS: Peer-reviewed, primary, full text, studies about bicycling in people with a LLA f... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Can't exercise? A hot bath may help improve inflammation, metabolism, study suggests
(American Physiological Society) Hot water treatment may help improve inflammation and blood sugar (glucose) levels in people who are unable to exercise, according to a new study. The findings are published ahead of print in the Journal of Applied Physiology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - November 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

In vivo modeling of human neuron dynamics and Down syndrome
Harnessing the potential of human stem cells for modeling the physiology and diseases of cortical circuitry requires monitoring cellular dynamics in vivo. We show that human induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)–derived cortical neurons transplanted into the adult mouse cortex consistently organized into large (up to ~100 mm3) vascularized neuron-glia territories with complex cytoarchitecture. Longitudinal imaging of>4000 grafted developing human neurons revealed that neuronal arbors refined via branch-specific retraction; human synaptic networks substantially restructured over 4 months, with balanced rates of syna...
Source: ScienceNOW - November 15, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Real, R., Peter, M., Trabalza, A., Khan, S., Smith, M. A., Dopp, J., Barnes, S. J., Momoh, A., Strano, A., Volpi, E., Knott, G., Livesey, F. J., De Paola, V. Tags: Neuroscience, Online Only r-articles Source Type: news

Swifter, higher, stronger: Whats on the menu?
The exploits of elite athletes delight, frustrate, and confound us as they strive to reach their physiological, psychological, and biomechanical limits. We dissect nutritional approaches to optimal performance, showcasing the contribution of modern sports science to gold medals and world titles. Despite an enduring belief in a single, superior "athletic diet," diversity in sports nutrition practices among successful athletes arises from the specificity of the metabolic demands of different sports and the periodization of training and competition goals. Pragmatic implementation of nutrition strategies in real-worl...
Source: ScienceNOW - November 15, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Burke, L. M., Hawley, J. A. Tags: Physiology special/review Source Type: news

The gut microbiota at the intersection of diet and human health
Diet affects multiple facets of human health and is inextricably linked to chronic metabolic conditions such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Dietary nutrients are essential not only for human health but also for the health and survival of the trillions of microbes that reside within the human intestines. Diet is a key component of the relationship between humans and their microbial residents; gut microbes use ingested nutrients for fundamental biological processes, and the metabolic outputs of those processes may have important impacts on human physiology. Studies in humans and animal models are be...
Source: ScienceNOW - November 15, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Gentile, C. L., Weir, T. L. Tags: Physiology special/review Source Type: news

A time to fast
Nutrient composition and caloric intake have traditionally been used to devise optimized diets for various phases of life. Adjustment of meal size and frequency have emerged as powerful tools to ameliorate and postpone the onset of disease and delay aging, whereas periods of fasting, with or without reduced energy intake, can have profound health benefits. The underlying physiological processes involve periodic shifts of metabolic fuel sources, promotion of repair mechanisms, and the optimization of energy utilization for cellular and organismal health. Future research endeavors should be directed to the integration of a b...
Source: ScienceNOW - November 15, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Di Francesco, A., Di Germanio, C., Bernier, M., de Cabo, R. Tags: Physiology special/review Source Type: news

Dietary fat: From foe to friend?
For decades, dietary advice was based on the premise that high intakes of fat cause obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and possibly cancer. Recently, evidence for the adverse metabolic effects of processed carbohydrate has led to a resurgence in interest in lower-carbohydrate and ketogenic diets with high fat content. However, some argue that the relative quantity of dietary fat and carbohydrate has little relevance to health and that focus should instead be placed on which particular fat or carbohydrate sources are consumed. This review, by nutrition scientists with widely varying perspectives, summarizes existing evidence...
Source: ScienceNOW - November 15, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Ludwig, D. S., Willett, W. C., Volek, J. S., Neuhouser, M. L. Tags: Physiology special/review Source Type: news

Exploratory analysis of driver yielding at low-speed, uncontrolled crosswalks in Milwaukee, Wisconsin - Schneider RJ, Sanatizadeh A, Shaon MRR, He Z, Qin X.
One of the most common circumstances contributing to pedestrian crashes is drivers failing to yield to pedestrians in crosswalks. A better understanding of driver yielding behavior can help identify optimal safety treatments to improve driver yielding and ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Exploration of pedestrian assertiveness and its association with driver yielding behavior at uncontrolled crosswalks - Shaon MRR, Schneider RJ, Qin X, He Z, Sanatizadeh A, Flanagan MD.
Improving driver yielding to pedestrians at crosswalks may help prevent pedestrian fatalities, which have increased over the last decade in the United States. The level of assertiveness exhibited by pedestrians when they arrive at a crosswalk may have a si... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Estimating the effect of standard enforcement of a rear seat belt law for rear seat fatality prevention - Findley DJ, Sanchez M, Nye T.
Data were collected from the NHTSA's Fatality Analysis Reporting System to analyze the link between primary enforcement of rear seat belt use and injury severity in fatal vehicle collisions. Specifically, this study predicted the amount of fatalities that ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Electrophysiological measure of impaired information processing in drivers with hematological malignancy - Anderson DE, Bhatt VR, Schmid K, Lunning M, Holstein SA, Rizzo M.
The broad goal of this study is to measure remote effects of cancer on brain physiology and behaviors that underpin instrumental activities of daily living such as automobile driving. Studies of hematological malignancies (HM) have demonstrated impairments... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

UCI researchers discover molecular mechanisms of an African folk medicine
(University of California - Irvine) Researchers in the Department of Physiology& Biophysics at the University of California, Irvine School of Medicine have discovered the molecular basis for therapeutic actions of an African folk medicine used to treat a variety of illnesses and disorders including diabetes, pain, headaches, paralysis and epilepsy. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - November 14, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Using stiffness to assess injury risk: comparison of methods for quantifying stiffness and their reliability in triathletes - Lorimer AV, Keogh JWL, Hume PA.
BACKGROUND: A review of the literature has indicated that lower body stiffness, defined as the extent to which the lower extremity joints resists deformation upon contact with the ground, may be a useful measure for assessing Achilles injury risk in triath... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The effectiveness of the functional movement screen in determining injury risk in tactical occupations - Kollock RO, Lyons M, Sanders G, Hale D.
Injures are common in workers engaged in tactical occupations. Research suggests that the functional movement screen (FMS) may provide practitioners the ability to identify tactical athletes most at risk for injury. However, there exists controversy as to ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Adjustable method for real-time gait pattern detection based on ground reaction forces using force sensitive resistors and statistical analysis of constant false alarm rate - Yu F, Zheng J, Yu L, Zhang R, He H, Zhu Z, Zhang Y.
A new approach is proposed to detect the real-time gait patterns adaptively through measuring the ground contact forces (GCFs) by force sensitive resistors (FSRs). Published threshold-based methods detect the gait patterns by means of setting a fixed thres... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Modelling the effects of stress on gap-acceptance decisions combining data from driving simulator and physiological sensors - Paschalidis E, Choudhury CF, Hess S.
Driving behaviour is an inherently complex process affected by various factors ranging from network topography, traffic conditions and vehicle features to driver characteristics like age, experience, aggressiveness and emotional state. Among these, the eff... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The WaveDriving course - Melchor M, Lucas-Alba A, Ferruz AM, Blanch MT, Mart ín-Albo J.
In the last ten years our knowledge about the formation of traffic jams has changed substantially, so that the idea of "phantom traffic jam" could soon seem naive to us. But transforming traffic flows and eliminating traffic jams requires that each individ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news