Are elite soccer teams' preseason training sessions associated with fewer in-season injuries? A 15-year analysis from the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) Elite Club Injury Study - Ekstrand J, Spreco A, Windt J, Khan KM.
BACKGROUND: Preseason training develops players' physical capacities and prepares them for the demands of the competitive season. In rugby, Australian football, and American football, preseason training may protect elite players against in-season injury. H... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Engineered symbionts activate honey bee immunity and limit pathogens
Honey bees are essential pollinators threatened by colony losses linked to the spread of parasites and pathogens. Here, we report a new approach for manipulating bee gene expression and protecting bee health. We engineered a symbiotic bee gut bacterium, Snodgrassella alvi, to induce eukaryotic RNA interference (RNAi) immune responses. We show that engineered S. alvi can stably recolonize bees and produce double-stranded RNA to activate RNAi and repress host gene expression, thereby altering bee physiology, behavior, and growth. We used this approach to improve bee survival after a viral challenge, and we show that engineer...
Source: ScienceNOW - January 30, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Leonard, S. P., Powell, J. E., Perutka, J., Geng, P., Heckmann, L. C., Horak, R. D., Davies, B. W., Ellington, A. D., Barrick, J. E., Moran, N. A. Tags: Microbiology, Molecular Biology reports Source Type: news

Performance of first aid trained staff using a modified START triage tool at achieving appropriate triage compared to a physiology-based triage strategy at Australian mass gatherings - Douglas N, Leverett J, Paul J, Gibson M, Pritchard J, Brouwer K, Edwards E, Carew J, Donovan J, Bourke E, Smith E.
INTRODUCTION: Triage at mass gatherings in Australia is commonly performed by staff members with first aid training. There have been no evaluations of the performance of first aid staff with respect to diagnostic accuracy or identification of presentations... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news

Understanding suicidal ideation and behaviour in individuals with chronic pain: a review of the role of novel transdiagnostic psychological factors - Kirtley OJ, Rodham K, Crane C.
Individuals with chronic pain are at an elevated risk of suicide, yet psychosocial factors that might be involved in increasing or decreasing vulnerability for suicidal ideation and behaviour have received little attention. Extant literature on the topic o... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Sensitivity analysis of muscle properties and impact parameters on head injury risk in American football - Mortensen JD, Vasavada AN, Merryweather AS.
Head injuries frequently occur in American football and other contact sports. Uncertainty on the effects of cervical muscle properties on head injury risk may be due to the limitations of previous observational studies. This simulation study employs a musc... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Injuries in adult amateur and/or masters rowers - Bohacek I, Bojanic I, Smoljanovic T.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Bowling loads and injury risk in male first class county cricket: is 'differential load' an alternative to the acute-to-chronic workload ratio? - Tysoe A, Moore IS, Ranson C, McCaig S, Williams S.
This study aimed to assess the relationship between an alternative predictor variable named 'differential load', representing the smoothed week-to-wee... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A comparison of muscular activity during gait between walking sticks and a walker in patients with adult degenerative scoliosis - Haddas R, Lieberman IH, Kakar RS.
STUDY DESIGN: A repeated measurement, single-center, prospective study. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to compare and contrast the benefits of walking sticks versus a walker on the trunk and lower extremity muscular control in patients wit... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A comparison of the physiological responses in professional and amateur sports car racing drivers - Barthel SC, Buckingham TM, Haft CE, Bechtolsheimer JE, Bechtolsheimer TA, Ferguson DP.
Purpose: Automobile racing is physically challenging, but there is no information related to experience level and physiological responses to racing. The aim of this study was to compare physiological responses of professional (PRO) and amateur (AM) ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A multi-sensor cane can detect changes in gait caused by simulated gait abnormalities and walking terrains - Gill S, Seth N, Scheme E.
Due to the increasing rates of chronic diseases and an aging population, the use of assistive devices for ambulation is expected to grow rapidly over the next several years. Instrumenting these devices has been proposed as a non-invasive way to proactively... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Assessing introspective awareness of attention capture - Adams OJ, Gaspelin N.
Visual attention can sometimes be involuntarily captured by salient stimuli, and this may lead to impaired performance in a variety of real-world tasks. If observers were aware that their attention was being captured, they might be able to exert control an... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Cost-effectiveness of "Tele-Square Step exercise" for falls prevention in fibromyalgia patients: a study protocol - Carlos-Vivas J, P érez-Gómez J, Delgado-Gil S, Campos-López JC, Granado-Sánchez M, Rojo-Ramos J, Muñoz-Bermejo L, Barrios-Fernandez S, Mendoza-Muñoz M, Prado-Solano A, Garcia-Gordillo MÁ, Adsuar JC.
BACKGROUND: Women with fibromyalgia (FM) have 2.5 falls per year compared to the 0.5 falls in people without FM. This fact poses a significant health expense. Square Stepping Exercise (SSE) is a balance training system that has been shown to be effective i... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Doctor, when can i drive? - range of functional ankle motion during driving - Latz D, Schiffner E, Schneppendahl J, Grassmann JP, Jungbluth P, Kaufmann RA, Windolf J, Gehrmann SV.
BACKGROUND: Driving a motor vehicle needs a specific joint mobility and yet only limited knowledge exists regarding the necessary ankle range of motion. The goal of this study is to characterize the sequence and range of ankle motion. METHODS: The ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Eco-driving behaviors of electric vehicle users: a survey study - Wang G, Makino K, Harmandayan A, Wu X.
Previous research has shown that electric vehicle (EV) users could behave differently compared to internal combustion engine vehicle (ICEV) drivers due to their consciousness or practices of eco-driving, but very limited research has fully investigated thi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Effect of different forms of physical activity on balance in older women - Filar-Mierzwa K, D ługosz-Boś M, Marchewka A, Aleksander-Szymanowicz P.
The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of two types of physical activity, dance, and general exercises, on balance in older women. Study participants comprised two groups of women. The participants attended 45-min DMT (n = 20) or GRE sessio... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Effects of seizure frequency, depression and generalized anxiety on suicidal tendency in people with epilepsy - Liu X, Chen H, Zheng X.
This study examines whether and how se... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Falls in progressive supranuclear palsy - Brown FS, Rowe JB, Passamonti L, Rittman T.
BACKGROUND: Despite falls being an almost universal clinical feature and central to the presentation and diagnostic criteria of progressive supranuclear palsy, our understanding of falls is surprisingly limited and there are few effective treatment options... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Hippocampal subfield and amygdala nuclei volumes in schizophrenia patients with a history of violence - Tesli N, van der Meer D, Rokicki J, Storvestre G, R øsæg C, Jensen A, Hjell G, Bell C, Fischer-Vieler T, Tesli M, Andreassen OA, Melle I, Agartz I, Haukvik UK.
Schizophrenia (SCZ) is associated with an increased risk of violence compared to the general population. Previous studies have indicated smaller hippocampal and amygdala volumes in violent than non-violent psychotic patients. However, little is ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Incidence, diagnostics and treatment algorithm of nerve lesions after traumatic shoulder dislocations: a retrospective multicenter study - Tiefenboeck TM, Zeilinger J, Komjati M, Fialka C, Boesmueller S.
BACKGROUND: The shoulder is the joint most prone to dislocating in the human body and accounts for 45% of all dislocations. In addition to ruptures of the soft tissue and bony injuries, lesions to vascular structures as well as the brachial plexus and its ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Interaction between age, sex, and mental health status as precipitating factors for symptom presentation in concussed individuals - Lariviere K, Bureau S, Marshall C, Holahan MR.
Concussions are among the most common neurological conditions, with emergency departments and sports injury clinics seeing hundreds of patients each year. The consideration of risk factors such as age, sex, and comorbid conditions are very important when l... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Medical cases adjudicated by the Transportation Appeal Tribunal of Canada: 2000-2018 - Brooks C, MacDonald C.
INTRODUCTION: In Canada, aviators and seafarers are required to be medically fit by international and domestic standards to be issued a medical certificate by Transport Canada (TC). In the event of denial or restriction, individuals have the right t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Mild hypoxia of a skydiver making repeated, medium-altitude aircraft exits - Bradke BS, Everman BR.
INTRODUCTION: Dramatic increases in parachuting safety over the last three decades have been attributed to advances in technology and training for parachutists. However, very little is known about the physiological condition of skydivers making repe... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Perspectives of people with mental health problems at hot spots: attitudes and perceptions of safety, crime, and the police - Goldberg V, White C, Weisburd D.
People who live in places with high levels of crime and disorder are more likely to experience mental illness compared with those who do not live in these types of place (Weisburd et al., 2018; Weisburd& White, 2019). The increased police presence on high... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Quantifying the collision dose in rugby league: a systematic review, meta-analysis, and critical analysis - Naughton M, Jones B, Hendricks S, King D, Murphy A, Cummins C.
BACKGROUND: Collisions (i.e. tackles, ball carries, and collisions) in the rugby league have the potential to increase injury risk, delay recovery, and influence individual and team performance. Understanding the collision demands of the rugby league may e... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Structural and functional abnormities of amygdala and prefrontal cortex in major depressive disorder with suicide attempts - Wang L, Zhao Y, Edmiston EK, Womer FY, Zhang R, Zhao P, Jiang X, Wu F, Kong L, Zhou Y, Tang Y, Wei S.
Finding neural features of suicide attempts (SA) in major depressive disorder (MDD) may be helpful in preventing suicidal behavior. The ventral and medial prefrontal cortex (PFC), as well as the amygdala form a circuit implicated in emotion regulation and ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The behavioral presentation of an individual with a disordered sense of self - Johnstone B, Kvandal A, Winslow R, Kilgore J, Guerra M.
There is increased recognition that the brain processes a "sense of self" (best understood as a sense of "mineness") in the right hemisphere association area and which can be distorted due to neurologic injury. Although there are numerous descriptions of t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Self-reported suicidality in male and female adults with autism spectrum disorders: rumination and self-esteem - Arwert TG, Sizoo BB.
Rumination and low self-esteem are associated with suicidality, and with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). However, rumination and self-esteem in relation to suicidality in adults with ASD have not been examined. This cross-sectional study (n  = 75; 46 m... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

RhoA-ROCK signaling as a therapeutic target in traumatic brain injury - Mulherkar S, Tolias KF.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. TBIs, which range in severity from mild to severe, occur when a traumatic event, such as a fall, a traffic accident, or a blow, causes the brain to move rapidly within the s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Response by Koganemaru and Mima to letter regarding article, "Gait-synchronized rhythmic brain stimulation improves poststroke gait disturbance: a pilot study" - Koganemaru S, Mima T.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Motor simulation in tool-use effect on distance estimation: a replication of Witt and Proffitt (2008) - Molto L, Morgado N, Guinet E, Fazioli L, Heurley LP, Palluel-Germain R.
Witt and Proffit (Human Perception and Performance, 34 (6), 1479-1492, 2008) hypothesized that when people intend to reach a target, they run a motor simulation allowing them to anticipate potential reaching constraints and outcomes, which in turn affects ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Mild hyperthermia aggravates glucose metabolic consequences in repetitive concussion - Blaya M, Truettner J, Zhao W, Bramlett H, Dietrich WD.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the leading causes of mortality and disability around the world. Mild TBI (mTBI) makes up approximately 80% of reported cases and often results in transient psychological abnormalities and cognitive disruption. At-ris... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Instrumental analysis of gait abnormalities in idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder [Invited reply] - Ehgoetz Martens KA, Matar E, Hall JM, Phillips J, Szeto JYY, Gouelle A, Grunstein RR, Halliday GM, Lewis SJG.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Injury occurrence in male handball players and its impact on physical constitution - Salzer S, Heansel R, Rey J, Maltry L, Holzgreve F, Lampe J, W.e EM, Groneberg DA, Ohlendorf D.
In male handball, limited knowledge exists about the body posture and postural control in correlation to their injury occurrence and their impact on physical constitution. 91 male handball players participated and were asked about playing position and year... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The regulators active during iron deficiency
(Heinrich-Heine University Duesseldorf) Iron deficiency is a critical situation for plants, which respond using specific genetic programmes. Biologists from Heinrich Heine University D ü sseldorf (HHU) and Michigan State University (MSU) used artificial intelligence methods to examine how to predict regulatory genetic sequences. They have now published the findings from their joint research work in the journal Plant Physiology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - January 24, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Clinical characteristics of driving-related stroke occurring as a recurrent stroke - Inamasu J, Tomiyasu K, Oshima T, Yoshii M, Nakatsukasa M.
BACKGROUND: Although the number of seemingly healthy subjects who suffer a minor stroke increases, there are no data on how frequently they sustain another stroke while driving. METHODS: A single-center, retrospective study was conducted to clarify... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

C-reactive protein as a prognostic factor in intensive care admissions for sepsis: A Swedish multicenter study
C-reactive protein (CRP) is not included in the major intensive care unit (ICU) prognostic tools such as the Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS). We assessed CRP on ICU admission as a SAPS-3 independent risk marker for short-term mortality and length of stay (LOS) in ICU patients with sepsis. An admission CRP level>100 mg/L is associated with an increased risk of ICU and 30-day mortality as well as prolonged LOS in survivors, irrespective of morbidity measured with SAPS-3. Thus, CRP may be a simple, early marker for prognosis in ICU admissions for sepsis. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - January 23, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

The relationship between resting heart rate and aggression in males is racially variant - Portnoy J, Jennings JR, Matthews KA, Pardini D, Raine A.
Although resting heart rate is thought to be a generalizable risk factor for aggression, very little research has examined whether this relationship varies by race. We addressed this limitation using longitudinal data from the Pittsburgh Youth Study. Curre... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The association between heart diseases and suicide: A nationwide cohort study - Petersen B, Stenager E, Mogensen CB, Erlangsen A.
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between specific heart diseases and suicide. DESIGN: Nationwide retrospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: 7 298 002 individuals (3 640 632 males and 3 657 370 females) aged>15 years and living in Denmark during... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Psychometric adaption of the impulsive driver behavior scale in a Chinese sample - Ge Y, Qu W, Zhou M, Özkan T, Bıçaksız P, Zhang K.
Impulsivity plays an important role in aberrant driving behavior and crash involvement. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Impulsive Driver Behavior Scale (IDBS, B ıçaksız&Özkan, 2016a) with a Chinese sample.... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Prevalence of intracranial injury in adult patients with blunt head trauma with and without anticoagulant or antiplatelet use - Probst MA, Gupta M, Hendey GW, Rodriguez RM, Winkle G, Loo GT, Mower WR.
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We determine the prevalence of significant intracranial injury among adults with blunt head trauma who are receiving preinjury anticoagulant or antiplatelet medications. METHODS: This was a multicenter, prospective, observational s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Prediction of effort and eye movement measures from driving scene components - Cabrall CDD, Happee R, de Winter JCF.
For transitions of control in automated vehicles, driver monitoring systems (DMS) may need to discern task difficulty and driver preparedness. Such DMS require models that relate driving scene components, driver effort, and eye measurements. Across two ses... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Physiological responses to urban design during bicycling: a naturalistic investigation - Rybarczyk G, Ozbil A, Andresen E, Hayes Z.
The current research set out to measure the moderating effect that urban design may have on bicyclist physiology while in transition. Focusing on the hilly City of Wuppertal, Germany, we harnessed bicyclists with mobile sensors to measure their responses t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Community-Based Prevention Source Type: news

Study reveals missing link in mechanisms underlying fight-or-flight response
(Harvard Medical School) Scientists map the molecular cascade behind heart function during fight-or-flight state.Findings solve longstanding biological puzzle.Results yield critical insights in adrenaline physiology that may inform other fields.Newly identified pathway can set stage for better targeted therapies to regulate heart muscle function. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - January 23, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

A new blood component revealed
(INSERM (Institut national de la sant é et de la recherche m é dicale)) Does the blood we thought to know so well contain elements that had been undetectable until now? The answer is yes, according to a team of researchers from Inserm, Universit é de Montpellier and the Montpellier Cancer Institute (ICM) working at the Montpellier Cancer Research Institute (IRCM), which has revealed the presence of whole functional mitochondria in the blood circulation. The discovery may deepen our knowledge of physiology and open up new avenues for treatment. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Virtually the same? Analysing pedestrian behaviour by means of virtual reality - Schneider S, Bengler K.
Thanks to technological advancements, virtual reality has become increasingly flexible and affordable, resulting in a growing number of user studies conducted in virtual environments. Pedestrian simulators, visualizing traffic scenarios from a pedestrians'... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 22, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Driving simulator study of the comparative effectiveness of monolingual and bilingual guide signs on Chinese highways - Yang Y, Chen J, Easa SM, Zheng X, Lin W, Peng Y.
As China has become more attractive for foreigners to travel or work, some Chinese-English bilingual guide signs have been adopted on the highways for the convenience of foreign drivers. This research examined the effectiveness of Chinese-English bilingual... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 22, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Differential effects of the menstrual cycle on reactive and proactive aggression in borderline personality disorder - Peters JR, Owens SA, Schmalenberger KM, Eisenlohr-Moul TA.
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized by rapidly shifting symptoms, including intense anger and aggressive behavior. Understanding how fluctuations in ovarian hormones across the menstrual cycle may contribute to symptom instability is key... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 22, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Differences in cycling performance of Dutch and non-Dutch students in the Netherlands - de Waard D, Prey A, Mohr AK, Westerhuis F.
Thirty-seven young adult participants completed a bicycle ride through the city of Groningen. Behaviour of Dutch and non-Dutch cyclists was compared in three conditions: on a control track (i.e. a one-way bicycle path), on a complex intersection, and on a ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 22, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A case of Alexander disease with repeated loss of consciousness and with rapid aggravation of dysbasia by falling - Matsuyama Y, Satake M, Kamei R, Yoshida T.
A 41-year-old woman presented with short-stepped gait from 20 years old and with repeated loss of consciousness from 21 years old. She had a deep cerebral white matter lesion on brain MRI at 34 years of age, but she did not reach a definitive diagnosis. At... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 22, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Michael Hall and David Sabatini win the Frontiers of Knowledge Award in Biomedicine
(BBVA Foundation) The BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in Biology and Biomedicine has gone in this twelfth edition to US researchers Michael Hall and David Sabatini, for discovering the cellular mechanism that is 'the major regulator of growth in animal cells, and plays a central role in physiology, metabolism, ageing and cancer,' in the words of the committee. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 22, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news