Short workouts improve may improve insulin sensitivity
Research, published inExperimental Physiology, suggests that for overweight men 15 minutes of resistance exercise is as effective at improving insulin sensitivity than longer workouts.MedicalXpress (Source: Society for Endocrinology)
Source: Society for Endocrinology - January 31, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: news

White matter microstructure in schizophrenia patients with a history of violence - Tesli N, Westlye LT, Storvestre GB, Gurholt TP, Agartz I, Melle I, Andreassen OA, Haukvik UK.
Schizophrenia (SCZ) is associated with increased risk of violence compared to the general population. Neuroimaging research suggests SCZ to be a disorder of disrupted connectivity, with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) indicating white matter (WM) abnormalit... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Shoe-mounted accelerometers should be used with caution in gait retraining - Cheung RTH, Zhang JH, Chan ZYS, An WW, Au IPH, MacPhail A, Davis IS.
Real time biofeedback gait retraining has been reported to be an effective intervention to lower the impact loading during gait. While many of the previous gait retraining studies have utilized a laboratory-based setup, some studies used accelerometers aff... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Sex differences in aggression: differential roles of 5-HT2, neuropeptide F and tachykinin - Bubak AN, Watt MJ, Renner KJ, Luman AA, Costabile JD, Sanders EJ, Grace JL, Swallow JG.
Despite the conserved function of aggression across taxa in obtaining critical resources such as food and mates, serotonin's (5-HT) modulatory role on aggressive behavior appears to be largely inhibitory for vertebrates but stimulatory for invertebrates. H... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Relationship between observational Wisconsin Gait Scale, gait deviation index and gait variability index in individuals after stroke - Guzik A, Dru żbicki M, Maistrello L, Turolla A, Agostini M, Kiper P.
OBJECTIVE: To compare results of the observational Wisconsin Gait Scale (WGS) and global gait indexes such as GDI/GVI, constituting an objective method of assessing gait, and taking into account parameters identified during 3-dimensional gait analysis. ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Predicting future driving risk of crash-involved drivers based on a systematic machine learning framework - Wang C, Liu L, Xu C, Lv W.
The objective of this paper is to predict the future driving risk of crash-involved drivers in Kunshan, China. A systematic machine learning framework is proposed to deal with three critical technical issues: 1. defining driving risk; 2. developing risky d... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Potential health benefits from downhill skiing - Burtscher M, Federolf PA, Nachbauer W, Kopp M.
Objectives: Downhill skiing represents one of the most popular winter sports worldwide. Whereas a plethora of studies dealt with the risk of injury and death associated with downhill skiing, data on its favorable health effects are scarce. A more co... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Perception of impact is affected by stimulus intensity - Azevedo APS, Brandina K, Pennone J, Amadio AC, Serr ão JC.
This study aimed to correlate ve... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Massage-induced spinal epidural hematoma presenting with delayed paraplegia - Vanichkulbodee A, Issaragrisil S, Inboriboon PC.
We report the rare case of SEH associated with traditional ma... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Influence of physical and musculoskeletal factors on occupational injuries and accidents in Korean workers based on gender and company size - Park SJ, Jung M, Sung JH.
This study evaluates related risk factors and prioritizes t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Exercise may fight depression in older adults, study suggests
(American Physiological Society) New research suggests that exercise-induced muscle changes could help boost mood in older adults. The study is published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology -- Cell Physiology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Opposing reactions in coenzyme A metabolism sensitize Mycobacterium tuberculosis to enzyme inhibition
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) is the leading infectious cause of death in humans. Synthesis of lipids critical for Mtb’s cell wall and virulence depends on phosphopantetheinyl transferase (PptT), an enzyme that transfers 4'-phosphopantetheine (Ppt) from coenzyme A (CoA) to diverse acyl carrier proteins. We identified a compound that kills Mtb by binding and partially inhibiting PptT. Killing of Mtb by the compound is potentiated by another enzyme encoded in the same operon, Ppt hydrolase (PptH), that undoes the PptT reaction. Thus, loss-of-function mutants of PptH displayed antimicrobial resistance. Our PptT-inhib...
Source: ScienceNOW - January 31, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Ballinger, E., Mosior, J., Hartman, T., Burns-Huang, K., Gold, B., Morris, R., Goullieux, L., Blanc, I., Vaubourgeix, J., Lagrange, S., Fraisse, L., Sans, S., Couturier, C., Bacque, E., Rhee, K., Scarry, S. M., Aube, J., Yang, G., Ouerfelli, O., Schnappin Tags: Biochemistry, Microbiology, Online Only r-articles Source Type: news

A sleep-inducing gene, nemuri, links sleep and immune function in Drosophila
Sleep remains a major mystery of biology. In particular, little is known about the mechanisms that account for the drive to sleep. In an unbiased screen of more than 12,000 Drosophila lines, we identified a single gene, nemuri, that induces sleep. The NEMURI protein is an antimicrobial peptide that can be secreted ectopically to drive prolonged sleep (with resistance to arousal) and to promote survival after infection. Loss of nemuri increased arousability during daily sleep and attenuated the acute increase in sleep induced by sleep deprivation or bacterial infection. Conditions that increase sleep drive induced expressio...
Source: ScienceNOW - January 31, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Toda, H., Williams, J. A., Gulledge, M., Sehgal, A. Tags: Neuroscience, Physiology r-articles Source Type: news

Sleep-promoting molecule found in flies
(Source: ScienceNOW)
Source: ScienceNOW - January 31, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Ray, L. B. Tags: Neuroscience, Physiology twis Source Type: news

UCLA-led team uncovers critical new clues about what goes awry in brains of people with autism
This study gives a new critical clue in understanding what has gone awry in the brains of autism patients.”More than 24 million people worldwide are estimated to have autism. In developed countries, about 1.5 percent of children have been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder as of 2017. The disorder affects communication and behavior, and is marked by problems in social communication and social interaction, and repetitive behaviors.“We need to understand how a panoply of genetic and environmental factors converges to cause autism,” Geschwind said. “RNA editing is an important piece of the autism ...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - January 30, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

A New Year ’s Message from NCCIH’s Director: Helene Langevin, M.D.
It is my great pleasure to welcome the New Year as the director of NCCIH and to share some thoughts on my personal vision for the Center. It has been my longstanding conviction that integrative health care is more than just the sum of conventional and complementary health approaches. When combined, these approaches can provide a frontier of new insights into the physiology of health and the pathophysiology underlying diseases and  disorders.  (Source: NCCAM Featured Content)
Source: NCCAM Featured Content - January 30, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: NCCIH Source Type: news

Neurocognitive functioning of sport climbers - Marczak M, Ginszt M, Gawda P, Berger M, Majcher P.
Sport climbing, included in the programme of the Tokyo 2020 Summer Olympic Games, is increasingly gaining in popularity as a method of physical and mental health enhancement. Studies show a positive relationship between climbing and improvement of neurocog... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Is it still important to be light in ski jumping? - Virmavirta M, Kivek äs J.
In ski jumping low body weight development resulted in some serious underweight problems and therefore the International Ski Federation (FIS) decided to solve the problem by relating maximum ski length to Body Mass Index (BMI) in 2004. The present study ex... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Forensic gait analysis - morphometric assessment from surveillance footage - Seckiner D, Mallett X, Maynard P, Meuwly D, Roux C.
Following the technological rise of surveillance cameras and their subsequent proliferation in public places, the use of information gathered by such means for investigative and evaluative purposes sparked a large interest in the forensic community and wit... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Clinical determinants of fitness to drive in persons with multiple sclerosis: systematic review - Krasniuk S, Classen S, Morrow SA, Tippett M, Knott M, Akinwuntan A.
OBJECTIVE: To critically appraise the evidence for the clinical determinants of fitness to drive in adults with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). DATA SOURCES: The research librarian and lead author searched seven databases for driving simulator and on-road studies... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Analysis of a military parachutist injury - a retrospective review of over 37,000 landings -
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Alpine ski racing injuries - Tarka MC, Davey A, Lonza GC, O'Brien CM, Delaney JP, Endres NK.
This article reviews the epidemiology of alpine ski racing-related injuries, risk factors, mechanisms of injury, and injury prevention strategies. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION:: Pertinent literature from peer-reviewed publications from 1976 through 2018.... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The generation and development of road rage incidents caused by aberrant overtaking: an analysis of cases in China - Peng Z, Wang Y, Chen Q.
Based on 32 cases that occurred in China, this paper analyzes the generation and development of road rage incidents caused by aberrant overtaking. Those cases caused by aberrant overtaking can be categorized into five development modes: harmful behavior ca... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Testosterone to cortisol ratio and aggression toward one's partner: evidence for moderation by provocation - Manigault AW, Zoccola PM, Hamilton K, Wymbs BT.
BACKGROUND: Consistent with the dual-hormone hypothesis, the combination of high testosterone levels and low cortisol levels has been linked to increased dominant and aggressive behaviors. However, recent research indicates that this association is weaker ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Exposure to noise and ototoxic chemicals in the Australian workforce - Lewkowski K, Heyworth JS, Li IW, Williams W, McCausland K, Gray C, Ytterstad E, Glass DC, Fuente A, Si S, Florath I, Fritschi L.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the current prevalence of exposure to workplace noise and ototoxic chemicals, including co-exposures. METHOD: A cross-sectional telephone survey of nearly 5000 Australian workers was conducted using the web-based application... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Does the level of difficulty in balancing tasks affect haptic sensitivity via light touch? - Magre FL, Costa TDAD, Paiva ACS, Moraes R, Mauerberg-deCastro E.
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the contribution of bimanual light touch varies according to the difficulty level of postural tasks (e.g., vision occlusion, height of support surface). Fourteen healthy young adults each were asked to sta... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Differences in facial affect recognition between non-offending and offending drivers - Trep áčová M, Rezác P, Kureckova V, Zamecnik P, Řezáč J, Kopečková L.
It is assumed that emotion recognition is a complex process related to prosocial and antisocial behaviour (Marsh& Blair, 2008). The present study focuses on the connection between recognizing emotions and safe/unsafe driving. We studied whether there are ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Coordination in adults with neurological impairment - a systematic review of uncontrolled manifold studies - Vaz DV, Pinto VA, Junior RRS, Mattos DJS, Mitra S.
BACKGROUND: Analysis of sensorimotor synergies has been greatly advanced by the Uncontrolled Manifold (UCM) approach. The UCM method is based on partitioning inter-trial variance displayed by elemental variables into 'good' (VUCM) and 'bad' (V... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Comparable rates of simulator sickness in Huntington's disease and healthy individuals - Jacobs M, van der Zwaan KF, Hart EP, Groeneveld GJ, Roos RAC.
OBJECTIVE Investigating driving competence with a simulator provides a controlled setting and has a high reproducibility. In addition, there is less risk of physical harm compared to on-road tests. A disadvantage of using simulators is the occurrence of s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A systematic review on occupational hazards, injuries and diseases among police officers worldwide: policy implications for the South African Police Service - Mona GG, Chimbari MJ, Hongoro C.
BACKGROUND: Occupational hazards, injuries and diseases are a major concern among police officers, including in Sub-Saharan Africa. However, there is limited locally relevant literature for guiding policy for the South African Police Service (SAPS). The pu... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Muscle memory discovery ends 'use it or lose it' dogma
(Frontiers) Exercise physiologists agree: muscle memory is real. But how are these 'memories' stored? A review published in Frontiers in Physiology has a simple answer: nuclei gained during training persist even when muscle cells shrink due to disuse or start to break down. This means we can 'bank' nuclei in our youth to prevent frailty in old age -- and makes steroid use in competitive sport a perfect but irredeemable crime. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - January 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The role of anthropogenic elements in the environment for affective states and cortisol concentration in mountain hiking-a crossover trial - Niedermeier M, Grafetst ätter C, Kopp M, Huber D, Mayr M, Pichler C, Hartl A.
Green exercise might have positive effects on health and affective states. Little is known about the ideal characteristics of the natural environment, where exercise is conducted in. Thus, the primary aim of the present study was to investigate the effects... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Sexual identity disorder and psychosis in Klinefelter syndrome: a synthesis of literature and a case report - Maillefer A, Sabe M, Coste C, Bartolomei J, Jaafar J, Sentissi O.
Klinefelter syndrome (KS) 47, XXY is the most frequent chromosomal abnormality causing hypogonadism in humans. This chromosomal abnormality of number in its classical form called homogeneous (supernumerary X) is generally the result of a meiosis accident. ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Zinc deficiency may play a role in high blood pressure
(American Physiological Society) Lower-than-normal zinc levels may contribute to high blood pressure (hypertension) by altering the way the kidneys handle sodium. The study is published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology--Renal Physiology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Researchers Take on a New Role: Advocate for Profession, Science
Scientists pride themselves on being objective purveyors of information. For some, this may seem at odds with delving into the world of public policy, where politics and spin seemingly reign supreme. For others, advocating on behalf of their profession and speaking up about the importance of science is model behavior for researchers. "Collaboration between our leading experts in science and technology and Congress and federal agencies is the only way that public policy decisions will be made using sound science," said Senator Jay Rockefeller (D–WV), chairman of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, an...
Source: Washington Watch - January 24, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Julie Palakovich Carr Source Type: news

Professional Opportunities
Interested in bringing cutting-edge evolutionary science to your school and community? Apply to be a stop on NESCent’s 2014 Darwin Day Roadshow. For more information, please visit roadshow.nescent.org or contact Jory Weintraub (jory at nescent dot org). Deadline is Friday, November 27th. Interested in increasing knowledge and appreciation about insects? The Entomological Society of America and the Entomological Foundation are looking for scientists to help with their free workshop for teachers and an Insect Rodeo in conjunction with their annual meeting November 10-13, 2013 in Austin, Texas. Improve your ability ...
Source: Education Reports - January 24, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: AIBS Tags: September/October Source Type: news

Acute and overuse injuries among sports club members and non-members: the Finnish Health Promoting Sports Club (FHPSC) study - Ristolainen L, Toivo K, Parkkari J, Kokko S, Alanko L, Heinonen OJ, Korpelainen R, Savonen K, Sel änne H, Vasankari T, Kannas L, Villberg J, Kujala UM.
BACKGROUND: Physical activity in adolescence is promoted for its multi-dimensional health benefits. However, too intensive sports participation is associated with an increased injury risk. Our aim was to compare the occurrence of acute and overuse injuries... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

How to brace the cold! Science-backed ways to stay warm
JohnEric Smith, assistant professor of Exercise Physiology at Mississippi State University, explains what we know about how your body heats itself up. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - January 22, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Medical News Today: Common food additive may impact gut bacteria, increase anxiety
Emulsifiers are in many food products. A new study asks whether these chemicals might be having an impact on our physiology and psychology. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - January 22, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Anxiety / Stress Source Type: news

Heart rate variability and performance of commercial airline pilots during flight simulations - Cao X, MacNaughton P, Cadet LR, Cedeno-Laurent JG, Flanigan S, Vallarino J, Donnelly-McLay D, Christiani DC, Spengler JD, Allen JG.
Pilots undergo a variety of stressors that may affect their performance during all phases of flight. Heart rate variability (HRV) has been considered as a reliable indicator of the parasympathetic and sympathetic activities of human autonomic nervous syste... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Principles and challenges of applying epigenetic epidemiology to psychology - Jones MJ, Moore SR, Kobor MS.
The interplay of genetically driven biological processes and environmental factors is a key driver of research questions spanning multiple areas of psychology. A nascent area of research focuses on the utility of epigenetic marks in capturing this intersec... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Personality and EEG correlates of reactive social behavior - Knyazev G, Merkulova E, Savostyanov A, Bocharov A, Saprigyn A.
Reactive, as opposed to proactive, behavior during social interactions has been investigated in the study of aggression, but it is virtually unexplored in relation to other kinds of social behavior. Little is known about brain underpinning of these process... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Motion perception: from detection to interpretation - Nishida S, Kawabe T, Sawayama M, Fukiage T.
Visual motion processing can be conceptually divided into two levels. In the lower level, local motion signals are detected by spatiotemporal-frequency-selective sensors and then integrated into a motion vector flow. Although the model based on V1-MT physi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Modelling the relationships between volume, intensity and injury-risk in professional rugby league players - Cummins C, Welch M, Inkster B, Cupples B, Weaving D, Jones B, King D, Murphy A.
This study aimed to: (a) identify the association between external-workloads and injury-risk in the subsequent week; and (b) understand the effectiveness of workload variables in establishing injury-risk. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort stu... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Design and validation of a smart wearable device to prevent recurrent ankle sprain - Attia M, Taher MF, Rehan Youssef A.
In this study, the design, implem... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Chemotherapy linked to mitochondrial dysfunction in skeletal muscle
(Natural News) A study published in the American Journal of Physiology-Cell Physiology has found that chemotherapy can cause adverse effects on the skeletal muscle of patients undergoing treatment. In the study, researchers from the University of Vermont looked at whether chemotherapeutics for breast cancer impact skeletal muscle structure and protein expression. The researchers involved 13 women... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - January 21, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

The gut microbiome correlates with conspecific aggression in a small population of rescued dogs (Canis familiaris) - Kirchoff NS, Udell MAR, Sharpton TJ.
Aggression is a serious behavioral disorder in domestic dogs that endangers both dogs and humans. The underlying causes of canine aggression are poorly resolved and require illumination to ensure effective therapy. Recent research links the compositional d... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Evolutionary perspectives on genetic and environmental risk factors for psychiatric disorders - Keller MC.
Evolutionary medicine uses evolutionary theory to help elucidate why humans are vulnerable to disease and disorders. I discuss two different types of evolutionary explanations that have been used to help understand human psychiatric disorders. First, a con... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Discovery of enhanced bone growth could lead to new treatments for osteoporosis
UCLA and UC San Francisco life scientists have discovered a dramatic pattern of bone growth in female mice — research that could potentially lead to stronger bone density in women and new treatments for osteoporosis in older women.The researchers found that blocking a particular set of signals from a small number of neurons in the brain causes female, but not male, mice to build super-strong bones and maintain them into old age. These neurons may play an important role in controlling women ’s bone density, the researchers said. Thestudy was published Jan. 11 in the journal  Nature Communications.“We ...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - January 18, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Reaction time indices of automatic imitation measure imitative response tendencies - Cracco E, Brass M.
In his review, Ramsey (2018) argues that it is currently unclear what reaction time indices of automatic imitation measure due to lacking research on their validity and domain-specificity. In our commentary, we argue that this conclusion is based on two mi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news