Microbiomes as sources of emergent host phenotypes
Microbial communities associated with animals exert powerful influences on host physiology, regulating metabolism and immune function, as well as complex host behaviors. The importance of host–microbiome interactions for maintaining homeostasis and promoting health raises evolutionarily complicated questions about how animals and their microbiomes have coevolved, and how these relationships affect the ways that animals interact with their environment. Here, we review the literature on the contributions of host factors to microbial community structure and corresponding influences of microbiomes on emergent host phenot...
Source: ScienceNOW - September 26, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Lynch, J. B., Hsiao, E. Y. Tags: Ecology, Microbiology special/review Source Type: news

Sport-related concussions may rely on larger and faster saccadic eye movements during a sport-like visual task - Murray NG, Szekely B, Islas A, Munkasy BA, Gore R, Berryhill ME, Reed-Jones RJ.
Smooth pursuit eye movements(SPEM) and saccadic eye movements are both commonly impaired following sport-related concussion(SRC). Typical oculomotor assessments measure individual eye movements in a series of restrictive tests designed to isolate features ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Higher risk of depression in individuals with type 2 diabetes and obesity: results of a meta-analysis - Gonz ález-Castro TB, Escobar-Chan YM, Fresán A, López-Narváez ML, Tovilla-Zárate CA, Juárez-Rojop IE, Ble-Castillo JL, Genis-Mendoza AD, Arias-Vázquez PI.
The aim of this study was to determine the risk of having significant depressive symptoms in subjects with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus through a meta-analysis. Our results showed that individuals with obesity and diabetes have an increased risk of... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Genetic and environmental contributions to the association between violent victimization and major depressive disorder - Kavish N, Connolly EJ, Boutwell BB.
Research suggests victims of violent crime are more likely to suffer from major depressive disorder (MDD) compared to non-victims. Less research has utilized longitudinal data to evaluate the directionality of this relationship or examined the genetic and ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Forensic analysis of 8 cases on assessing traffic accident disability grade of K ümmell's disease - Jian HW, Wang H.
OBJECTIVE To provide a reference for the assessment of the disability grade of K ümmell's disease [osteonecrosis and collapse of a vertebral body] cases, through the analysis of the basic situation, the disability grade and the causality of Kümmell's dise... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Ending MMA combat, specific grappling techniques according to the type of the outcome - Bello FD, Brito CJ, Amtmann J, Miarka B.
This study compared grappling motor actions of male mixed martial arts (MMA) athletes considering outcome types from Ultimate Fighting Championship ( UFC) bouts. A validated protocol of technical-tactical analysis was utilized as in previous studies addres... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Crowding and binding: not all feature dimensions behave in the same way - Yashar A, Wu X, Chen J, Carrasco M.
Humans often fail to identify a target because of nearby flankers. The nature and stages at which this crowding occurs are unclear, and whether crowding operates via a common mechanism across visual dimensions is unknown. Using a dual-estimation rep... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Corrigendum to "The effect of perampanel on aggression and depression in patients with epilepsy: A short-term prospective study" [Seizure 67 (2019) 1-4] - Goji H, Kanemoto K.
The authors regret the term “standardized coefficients (β)” should be replaced with “unstandardized coefficients (B)” in Table 5. The authors would like to apologise for any inconvenience caused. Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Balance, gait and dizziness in adult cochlear implant users: a cross sectional study - Murray D, Viani L, Garvan J, Murphy A, Vance R, Simoes-Franklin C, Smith J, Meldrum D.
Objective: Cochlear implantation is associated with vestibular impairment due to the close proximity of the structures. The aim of the study was to quantify dizziness/vertigo, gaze instability, balance and gait problems in a sample of adult cochlear... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A bird's eye view of driving safety culture: truck drivers perceptions of unsafe driving behaviors near their trucks - Gray G.
BACKGROUND: Transportation accidents are a global health concern and a leading cause of death. OBJECTIVE: A pragmatic way to decrease these accidents is to examine the routine opportunities that lead to them. Opportunities for accidents were identi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Concept Clearance » Engineering Next-Generation Human Nervous System Microphysiological Systems
This concept encourages research directed toward developing next-generation human cell-derived microphysiological systems (MPS) and related assays that replicate complex nervous system architectures and physiology with improved fidelity over current capabilities. (Source: National Institute of Mental Health)
Source: National Institute of Mental Health - September 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: National Institute of Mental Health Source Type: news

Full focus on calcium
Intracellular calcium (Ca2+) signals are of prime importance for cellular function and behavior and are underpinned by a plethora of Ca2+ channels, pumps, transporters, and binding proteins that are regulated in complex ways. A series of biennial meetings, the International Meetings of the European Calcium Society (ECS), focuses on a better understanding of these complex mechanisms in the framework of cellular and organismal (patho)physiology. (Source: Signal Transduction Knowledge Environment)
Source: Signal Transduction Knowledge Environment - September 17, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Parys, J. B., Guse, A. H. Tags: STKE Focus Source Type: news

The role of perceived risk, reasons for non-seat belt use and demographic characteristics for seat belt use on urban and rural roads - Zabihi F, Davoodi SR, Nordfj ærn T.
Despite the well-documented benefits of seat belt use, a large number of drivers fail to fasten their seat belts in Iran. Efforts to improve seat belt use can be enhanced by identifying factors that motivate seat belt use. The main aims of this study were ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Building mountain biodiversity: Geological and evolutionary processes
Mountain regions are unusually biodiverse, with rich aggregations of small-ranged species that form centers of endemism. Mountains play an array of roles for Earth’s biodiversity and affect neighboring lowlands through biotic interchange, changes in regional climate, and nutrient runoff. The high biodiversity of certain mountains reflects the interplay of multiple evolutionary mechanisms: enhanced speciation rates with distinct opportunities for coexistence and persistence of lineages, shaped by long-term climatic changes interacting with topographically dynamic landscapes. High diversity in most tropical mountains i...
Source: ScienceNOW - September 12, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Rahbek, C., Borregaard, M. K., Antonelli, A., Colwell, R. K., Holt, B. G., Nogues-Bravo, D., Rasmussen, C. M. O., Richardson, K., Rosing, M. T., Whittaker, R. J., Fjeldsa, J. Tags: Ecology, Evolution special/review Source Type: news

Walking accessibility for individuals with reduced mobility: a Brazilian case study - Lima JP, Machado MH.
The objective of this work is to evaluate the accessibility in public spaces from the perspective of the person with reduced mobility. Two methods of evaluation were used: the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), to consider the multiple criteria that define ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Calcium channel blockers may be effective in treating memory loss associated with Alzheimer's
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia but the changes in brain cell function underlying memory loss remains poorly understood. Researchers at the University of Bristol have identified that calcium channel blockers may be effective in treating memory loss. (Source: University of Bristol news)
Source: University of Bristol news - September 11, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Health, International, Research; Faculty of Life Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences, School of Physiology, Pharmacology and Neuroscience; Press Release Source Type: news

Non-infarctual ST elevation and acute cardiopulmonary failure in carbon monoxide poisoning: a case report - Longhitano Y, Candelli M, Muir HA, Audo A, Meda S, Dennet Lumb P, Marshall Berger J, Pignataro G, Cicchinelli S, Zanza C, Franceschi F.
OBJECTIVE: Carbon monoxide is produced by the incomplete combustion of organic fuel. In the United States, it is responsible for about 500 deaths annually. Increased carboxyhemoglobin concentration and hypoxia disrupt cardiac myocyte integrity and cause dy... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The intersection of violence, brain networks, and mindfulness practices - Morley RH, Jantz PB, Fulton C.
This paper reviews and discusses the intersection of three brain networks, violence, and mindfulness practices. Research findings suggest that violence and predictors of violence are linked to neurological abnormalities in three interconnected brain networ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Gait, balance, mobility and muscle strength in people with anxiety compared to healthy individuals - Feldman R, Schreiber S, Pick CG, Been E.
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are the most common mental disorders. Changes in psychomotor behavior can be observed in gross motor skills, with gait disturbances thought to reflect defective brain functions in psychiatric conditions. While balance deficits... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Frequency of primary neck pain in mild traumatic brain injury/concussion patients - King JA, McCrea MA, Nelson LD.
OBJECTIVES: To determine (1) the frequency of neck pain overall and relative to other symptoms in patients presenting to a level I trauma center emergency department (ED) with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and (2) the predictors of primary neck pain i... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Visual field impairment and driver fitness: a 1-year review of crashes and traffic violations - Kristalovich L, Ben Mortenson W.
IMPORTANCE: Occupational therapists frequently assess the fitness to drive of people with visual field impairment, but the relationship between these assessments and driving performance over time is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: To determine traf... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The relationship between physical and wellness measures and injury in amateur rugby union players - Yeomans C, Comyns TM, Cahalan R, Hayes K, Costello V, Warrington GD, Harrison AJ, Lyons M, Campbell MJ, Glynn LG, Kenny IC.
OBJECTIVES: To investigate factors associated with injury in amateur male and female rugby union players. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. SETTING: Amateur rugby clubs in Ireland. PARTICIPANTS: Male (n  = 113) and female (n = 24) amateur ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Safety, stress and work zone complexity: a field study on police officers performing on-foot traffic control - Marois A, Cloutier MS, Saunier N, Godillon S, Lafond D, Vachon F.
Workers such as police officers are exposed to many hazardous situations while performing traffic duties, which renders them vulnerable to work accidents. Such a dangerous work context can lead to high stress levels. This is conducive to performance impair... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Robust self-adaptation fall-detection system based on camera height - Kong X, Chen L, Wang Z, Chen Y, Meng L, Tomiyama H.
Vision-based fall-detection methods have been previously studied but many have limitations in terms of practicality. Due to differences in rooms, users do not set the camera or sensors at the same height. However, few studies have taken this into considera... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Prevalence and characteristics of incident falls related to nocturnal toileting in hospitalized patients - Decalf V, Bower W, Rose G, Petrovic M, Pieters R, Eeckloo K, Everaert K.
Objectives: Although nocturia is a risk factor for incident falls in the community, studies are required to gain an understanding of incident falls related to nocturnal toileting in hospitals. The aim of this study is to describe the prevalence and ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Physical activity of electric bicycle users compared to conventional bicycle users and non-cyclists: insights based on health and transport data from an online survey in seven european cities - Castro A, Gaupp-Berghausen M, Dons E, Standaert A, Laeremans M, Clark A, Anaya-Boig E, Cole-Hunter T, Avila-Palencia I, Rojas-Rueda D, Nieuwenhuijsen M, Gerike R, Panis LI, de Nazelle A, Brand C, Raser E, Kahlmeier S, Gotschi T.
This study aimed to compare physic... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Physical activity and the occurrence of postnatal depression-a systematic review - Ko łomańska-Bogucka D, Mazur-Bialy AI.
Background andObjectives: During pregnancy and the postnatal period many changes occur in a woman's body, both in mental and physical spheres. The birth of a child and a new role-of a mother-can sometimes be associated with numerous ne... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Modelling the dynamic margins of stability for use in evaluations of balance following a support-surface perturbation - Inkol KA, Vallis LA.
The dynamic margin of stability provides a method that captures the center of mass (CoM) state (position-velocity) in relation to the base of support (BoS). However, the model upon which this concept was derived does not consider how the inertial character... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Major mental illness as a risk factor for incarceration - Hall D, Lee LW, Manseau MW, Pope L, Watson AC, Compton MT.
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with serious mental illness are overrepresented in correctional populations. However, little is known about the representation of persons with serious mental illness at earlier stages in the criminal justice process. This research so... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Low-cost open source ultrasound-sensing based navigational support for the visually impaired - Petsiuk AL, Pearce JM.
Nineteen million Americans have significant vision loss. Over 70% of these are not employed full-time, and more than a quarter live below the poverty line. Globally, there are 36 million blind people, but less than half use white canes or more costly comme... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

How life course events trigger changes in bicycling attitudes and behavior: insights into causality - Janke J, Handy S.
This paper uses a mobility biography approach to investigate how life course events explain changes in attitudes towards and levels of bicycling. We use 54 interviews conducted with residents of a small US city that include retrospective questions covering... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Horizontal and vertical self-paced saccades as a diagnostic marker of traumatic brain injury - Hunfalvay M, Roberts CM, Murray N, Tyagi A, Kelly H, Bolte T.
AIM: Eye tracking tests to measure horizontal and vertical saccades as a proxy for neural deficits associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI) were evaluated in the present study. METHODOLOGY: A total of 287 participants reporting either no TBI, m... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Gene set enrichment analysis to create polygenic scores: a developmental examination of aggression - Elam KK, Clifford S, Shaw DS, Wilson MN, Lemery-Chalfant K.
Previous approaches for creating polygenic risk scores (PRSs) do not explicitly consider the biological or developmental relevance of the genetic variants selected for inclusion. We applied gene set enrichment analysis to meta-GWAS data to create developme... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Few training sessions between return to play and first match appearance are associated with an increased propensity for injury: a prospective cohort study of male professional football players during 16 consecutive seasons - Bengtsson H, Ekstrand J, Wald én M, Hägglund M.
BACKGROUND: It has been hypothesised that injury risk after return to play following an injury absence is influenced by the amount of training completed before return to competition. AIM: To analyse if the number of completed training sessions betw... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Fatal external bleeding from self-severed arterial dialysis tube: an unusual method of suicide - Srettabunjong S.
A high risk of suicide has been observed in adults with end-stage renal disease who are undergoing haemodialysis. Since suicide is preventable, early screening, a prompt multidisciplinary approach and appropriate treatment of depression are critical and... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Exercise, fatigue and proprioception: a retrospective - Proske U.
This is an account of experiments carried out in my laboratory over more than 20  years, exploring the influence of exercise on human limb position sense. It is known that after intense exercise we are clumsy in the execution of skilled movements. The firs... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Effects of dance movement therapy and dance on health-related psychological outcomes. A meta-analysis update - Koch SC, Riege RFF, Tisborn K, Biondo J, Martin L, Beelmann A.
Background: Dance is an embodied activity and, when applied therapeutically, can have several specific and unspecific health benefits. In this meta-analysis, we evaluated the effectiveness of dance movement therapy(DMT) and dance interventions for p... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Driving toward a new vision: understanding the role of vision in driving - Wood JM.
More than 90% of the sensory information that we use for driving is estimated to be visual. However, there is ongoing debate regarding the extent to which different ocular conditions and types of visual impairment affect driving performance and which visua... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Does overexertion correlate with increased injury? The relationship between player workload and soft tissue injury in professional American football players using wearable technology - Li RT, Salata MJ, Rambhia S, Sheehan J, Voos JE.
BACKGROUND: The relationship of training load on injury using wearable technology has not been investigated in professional American football players. The primary objective of this study was to determine the correlation between player workload and soft tis... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Does hypnotic assessment predict the functional equivalence between motor imagery and action? - Ruggirello S, Campioni L, Piermanni S, Sebastiani L, Santarcangelo EL.
Motor imagery is influenced by individual and contextual factors. We investigated whether the psychophysiological trait of hypnotisability modulates its subjective experience and cortical correlates similarly to what was previously shown for head postures ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Do clinical balance measures have the ability to predict falls among ambulatory individuals with spinal cord injury? A systematic review and meta-analysis - Abou L, Ilha J, Romanini F, Rice LA.
The objective of this study was to investigate the ability of cli... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Contact sport-induced coronary artery dissection - Haber R, Weisz GM.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Can arm movements improve postural stability during challenging standing balance tasks? - Objero CN, Wdowski MM, Hill MW.
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence that arm movements make a substantial and functionally relevant contribution to dynamic balance. Additional insight of the important role of arm movements may be gained by quantifying the effects of arm restriction on ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A majority of anterior cruciate ligament injuries can be prevented by injury prevention programs: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials and cluster-randomized controlled trials with meta-analysis - Huang YL, Jung J, Mulligan CMS, Oh J, Norcross MF.
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury prevention programs (IPPs) are generally accepted as being valuable for reducing injury risk. However, significant methodological limitations of previous meta-analyses raise questions about the efficacy o... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Hypotheses for the evolution of reduced reactive aggression in the context of human self-domestication - Wrangham RW.
Parallels in anatomy between humans and domesticated mammals suggest that for the last 300,000 years, Homo sapiens has experienced more intense selection against the propensity for reactive aggression than other species of Homo. Selection aga... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Study Suggests Mouthwash After Exercise May Counter A Workout ’ s Blood-Pressure-Lowering Benefits
This study was designed to look at the species of bacteria that use nitrate and convert it into nitric oxide, which when swallowed helps maintain a widening of blood vessels that leads to the ongoing effect of exercise on blood pressure. Published in the journal Free Radical Biology and Medicine, the study asked participants to fast for the night and then run on a treadmill the next day for 30 minutes on two separate occasions. At one, 30, 60,and 90 minutes after each run they were asked to wash their mouths with either a placebo of mint-flavored water or antibacterial mouthwash. Blood and saliva samples were collected and...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - September 6, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News Offbeat Syndicated CBSN Boston CNN Exercise mouthwash Source Type: news

Study shows how serotonin and a popular anti-depressant affect the gut ’s microbiota
In this study, we were interested in finding out why they might do so,” said Hsiao, UCLA assistant professor of integrative biology and physiology, and of microbiology, immunology and molecular genetics in the  UCLA College; and of digestive diseases in the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA.Hsiao and her research group reported in the journal Cell in 2015 that in mice, a specific mixture of bacteria, consisting mainly of  Turicibacter sanguinis and Clostridia, produces molecules that signal to gut cells to increase production of serotonin. When Hsiao’s team raised mice without the bact...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - September 6, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Should Parents Worry About Kids Drinking Coffee?
Spend an afternoon hanging out in a Starbucks or Dunkin, and you’ll probably see a handful of teens—and maybe even some younger kids—stopping in for a cup of coffee. A 2017 industry report from the National Coffee Association found that the percentage of Americans aged 13 to 18 who drink coffee every day had risen to 37%, marking a 14-percentage-point increase since 2014. The image of a 13-year-old drinking coffee seems somehow wrong—a child enjoying an adult’s habit. But there’s actually a lot of good in it. Recent studies have found that coffee consumption may lower a person’s ri...
Source: TIME: Health - September 5, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Markham Heid Tags: Uncategorized Caffeine Coffee health kids Source Type: news

Radiographic analysis of lower limb alignment in professional football players - Krajnc Z, Drobni č M.
INTRODUCTION: To radiographically analyze lower limb alignment in adult asymptomatic professional football [soccer] players and to correlate these values to clinical measurements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four asymptomatic players [24.2 (3.6) ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Posture of rugby league players and its relationship to non-contact lower limb injury: a prospective cohort study - Langdon E, Snodgrass SJ, Young JL, Miller A, Callister R.
This study aimed to identify posture deviations in rugby league players, and to observe relationships between posture and the incidence of non-contact lower limb injury. DESIGN: Prospective cohort. SETTING: Laboratory and on-field. PARTI... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news