Arterial blood gases in divers at surface after prolonged breath-hold - Bosco G, Paganini M, Rizzato A, Martani L, Garetto G, Lion J, Camporesi EM, Moon RE.
PURPOSE: Adaptations during voluntary breath-hold diving have been increasingly investigated since these athletes are exposed to critical hypoxia during the ascent. However, only a limited amount of literature explored the pathophysiological mechanisms und... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Associations between the measures of physical function, risk of falls and the quality of life in haemodialysis patients: a cross-sectional study - Vanden Wyngaert K, Van Craenenbroeck AH, Eloot S, Calders P, Celie B, Holvoet E, Van Biesen W.
BACKGROUND: Impaired physical function due to muscle weakness and exercise intolerance reduces the ability to perform activities of daily living in patients with end-stage kidney disease, and by consequence, Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL). Furtherm... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Effect of trauma-informed care on hair cortisol concentration in youth welfare staff and client physical aggression towards staff: results of a longitudinal study - Schmid M, L üdtke J, Dölitzsch C, Fischer S, Eckert A, Fegert JM.
BACKGROUND: Professional caregivers working in child and youth welfare institutions are frequently faced with the complex mental health issues, emotional needs and challenging coping strategies of clients with cumulated traumatic experiences, leaving them ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Exploration of treatment-resistant schizophrenia subtypes based on a survey of 204 US psychiatrists - Correll CU, Brevig T, Brain C.
OBJECTIVE: To explore and describe potential subgroups within the treatment-resistant schizophrenia (TRS) population, using data from a survey of US psychiatrists. METHODS: Psychiatrists completed an online survey of demographic/clinical characteri... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Fracture energy threshold in parry injuries due to sharp and blunt force - Gentile S, Kneubuehl BP, Barrera V, Dobay A, Thali MJ, Bolliger SA.
In this study, we sought to assess the impact energy required to break... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Gender differences in depression: biological, affective, cognitive, and sociocultural factors - Hyde JS, Mezulis AH.
The odds ratio (OR) for gender differences in major depression is 1.95, averaged meta-analytically over all ages and nations. The gender difference appears by age 12, OR = 2.37, and peaks at OR = 3.02 for ages 13-15. Using the ABC (affective, biological, c... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Impaired cognition predicts falls among women with and without HIV infection - Sharma A, Vance DE, Hoover DR, Shi Q, Yin MT, Holman S, Plankey MW, Tien PC, Weber KM, Floris-Moore M, Bolivar HH, Golub ET, McDonnell Holstad M, Rubin LH.
OBJECTIVE: To determine if domain-specific neurocognitive (NC) impairments predict falls in HIV+ compared to HIV- women. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data analysis from 825 HIV+ and 392 HIV- women in the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS) with NC test... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Is it time to go positive? Assessing the positively worded System Usability Scale (SUS) - Kortum P, Acemyan CZ, Oswald FL.
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the research presented in this paper was to determine if the positively worded System Usability Scale (SUS) can be used in place of the positively and negatively worded standard SUS instrument for the subjective assessment of usabili... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Motivations and barriers for using speed pedelecs for daily commuting - Van den Steen N, Herteleer B, Cappelle J, Vanhaverbeke L.
Speed pedelecs, electric bicycles that can provide pedal assistance up to 45 km/h, have seen rapid uptake over the past ten years in Flanders, Belgium, yet perceptions around motivators and barriers have not been studied and understood in detail. This pape... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Prisoners with neurodevelopmental difficulties: vulnerabilities for mental illness and self-harm - McCarthy J, Chaplin E, Forrester A, Underwood L, Hayward H, Sabet J, Young S, Mills R, Asherson P, Murphy D.
BACKGROUND: Research into neurodevelopmental disorders in adult offenders has tended to be disorder specific, so hindering service planning for a group of offenders with similar vulnerabilities. AIM: To examine vulnerabilities for mental illness an... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Reduced social investigation and increased injurious behavior in transgenic 5xFAD mice - Kosel F, Hamilton JS, Harrison SL, Godin V, Franklin TB.
Social withdrawal and agitation/aggression are common behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia presented by Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients, with males exhibiting more aggressive behaviors than females. Some transgenic mouse models of AD also ex... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Plant physiology: One size may not suit all
(Ludwig-Maximilians-Universit ä t M ü nchen) A new study published by biologists at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich demonstrates that there are no simple or universal solutions to the problem of engineering plants to enable them to cope with the challenges posed by climate change. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - January 10, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

A tRNA synthase in metabolic control
(Source: ScienceNOW)
Source: ScienceNOW - January 9, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Ray, L. B. Tags: Cell Biology, Physiology twis Source Type: news

Glucose-dependent control of leucine metabolism by leucyl-tRNA synthetase 1
Despite the importance of glucose and amino acids for energy metabolism, interactions between the two nutrients are not well understood. We provide evidence for a role of leucyl-tRNA synthetase 1 (LARS1) in glucose-dependent control of leucine usage. Upon glucose starvation, LARS1 was phosphorylated by Unc-51 like autophagy activating kinase 1 (ULK1) at the residues crucial for leucine binding. The phosphorylated LARS1 showed decreased leucine binding, which may inhibit protein synthesis and help save energy. Leucine that is not used for anabolic processes may be available for catabolic pathway energy generation. The LARS1...
Source: ScienceNOW - January 9, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Yoon, I., Nam, M., Kim, H. K., Moon, H.-S., Kim, S., Jang, J., Song, J. A., Jeong, S. J., Kim, S. B., Cho, S., Kim, Y., Lee, J., Yang, W. S., Yoo, H. C., Kim, K., Kim, M.-S., Yang, A., Cho, K., Park, H.-S., Hwang, G.-S., Hwang, K. Y., Han, J. M., Kim, J. Tags: Cell Biology, Physiology reports Source Type: news

Urinalysis-assessed and self-reported substance use as correlates of multiple indicators of suicide risk among acute care psychiatric inpatients - Stanley IH, Hom MA, Gallyer AJ, Joiner TE, Vujanovic AA.
This study... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 8, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The effects of open captions in a medical drama on the acquisition of medical terminology about chronic health conditions related to physical injury - Kim HS, Kim K.
We examined the impact of supplementary open captions about medical terminology... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 8, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Postural balance, muscle strength, and history of falls in end-stage renal disease patients living with a kidney transplant: A cross-sectional study - Zanotto T, Gobbo S, Bullo V, Vendramin B, Roma E, Duregon F, Bocalini DS, Di Blasio A, Cugusi L, Furian L, Di Bella C, Neunhaeuserer D, Battista F, Bergamin M, Ermolao A.
BACKGROUND: End-stage renal disease patients living with a kidney transplant (KT) often present with frailty, functional disability, and mobility impairments that may result in a high risk of falls. Postural balance and muscle strength are implicated in th... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 8, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Personality traits and negative affect mediate the relationship between cortical thickness of superior frontal cortex and aggressive behavior - Zhu X, Wang K, Cao A, Zhang Y, Qiu J.
Aggression reflects the psychological and physical behavior that perpetrator intends to harm victim. Initiation of aggression is influenced by the distal factors (e.g. personality) and proximate causes (e.g. affect) of perpetrator. However, few studies exp... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 8, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Neuropsychological assessment of professional ice hockey players: a cross-cultural examination of baseline data across language groups - Echemendia RJ, Thelen J, Meeuwisse W, Hutchison MG, Rizos J, Comper P, Bruce JM.
This study seeks to examine baseline differences ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 8, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Adaptation of the multidimensional driving styles inventory for Spanish drivers: convergent and predictive validity evidence for detecting safe and unsafe driving styles - Padilla JL, Castro C, Doncel P, Taubman-Ben-Ari O.
The Multidimensional Driving Style Inventory (MDSI; Taubman - Ben-Ari et al., 2004) is a well-known and useful instrument that allows us to identify not only "maladaptive" Driving Styles (DS) in order to modify them, but also "adaptive" DS to encourage saf... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 8, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Threat prediction from schemas as a source of bias in pain perception - Lim M, O'Grady C, Cane D, Goyal A, Lynch M, Beyea S, Hashmi JA.
Our sensory impressions of pain are generally thought to represent the noxious properties of an agent but can be influenced by the predicted level of threat. Predictions can be sourced from higher-order cognitive processes such as schemas, but the extent t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Structural brain correlates of irritability and aggression in early manifest Huntington's disease - Martinez-Horta S, Sampedro F, Horta-Barba A, Perez-Perez J, Pagonabarraga J, G ómez-Ansón B, Kulisevsky J.
In Huntington's disease (HD), irritability and aggressive behavior represent highly prevalent and disabling neuropsychiatric symptoms. However, their structural brain correlates have not been extensively explored. Here, we rated the severity of irritabilit... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Protective arm movements are modulated with fall height - Borrelli J, Creath R, Rogers MW.
Protective arm reactions were evoked in 14 younger adults to determine the effect of fall height on protective arm reaction biomechanics. Participants were supported in a forward-leaning position on top of an inverted pendulum that isolated arm reaction by... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A pilot study comparing newly licensed drivers with and without autism and experienced drivers in simulated and on-road driving - Cox DJ, Owens JM, Barnes L, Moncrief M, Boukhechba M, Buckman S, Banton T, Wotring B.
This study compared newly licensed drivers with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and experienced drivers. Twenty new drivers (8 with ASD) and 16 experienced drivers completed the Driving Attitude Scale (DAS) and drove a simulator and an instrumen... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Driving safety and real-time glucose monitoring in insulin-dependent diabetes - Merickel J, High R, Smith L, Wichman C, Frankel E, Smits K, Drincic A, Desouza C, Gunaratne P, Ebe K, Rizzo M.
Our goal is to address the need for driver-state detection using wearable and in-vehicle sensor measurements of driver physiology and health. To address this goal, we deployed in-vehicle systems, wearable sensors, and procedures capable of quantifying real... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

NASA Astronaut Had The First Known Blood Clot In Space
(CNN) — When astronauts encounter a medical risk on the International Space Station 250 miles up from the Earth’s surface, it’s not exactly easy for a doctor to make a house call. So when NASA researchers suspected a blood clot in one of their astronauts during a long-duration stay on the space station last year, they had to act quickly to treat the unexpected risk. The blood clot was detected during a vascular study of 11 astronauts on the station to assess the effect of space on the internal jugular vein. In zero gravity, astronauts’ blood and tissue fluid shifts toward the head. The study involve...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - January 5, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Boston News Health Offbeat Syndicated CBSN Boston CNN International Space Station NASA Source Type: news

Enhanced risk of traumatic brain injury in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - Huang TH, Chen CZ, Kuo HI, Er HP, Lin SH.
This study tests our hypothesis that patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have an increased risk of traumatic brain injury (TBI).In this nationwide retrospective cohort study, we used a subset of Taiwan's National Health Insurance Res... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Descriptive Epidemiology of Injuries in Professional Ultimate Frisbee Athletes - Hess MC, Swedler DI, Collins CS, Ponce BA, Brabston EW.
CONTEXT: Injuries in professional ultimate Frisbee (ultimate) athletes have never been described. OBJECTIVE: To determine injury rates, profiles, and associated factors using the first injury-surveillance program for professional ultimate. ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Association of depression and obesity is mediated by weight perception - Paulitsch RG, Demenech LM, Dumith SC.
This study investigates whether the association between obesity and depression is mediated by the perception of body weight and verifies the combined effect of being obese and having a self-perception of being fat on depression in a population-based sample... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Acute heart failure in a healthy young patient after severe carbon monoxide poisoning - Lampropoulos CE, Sklavou E, Anastogiannis C, Papanikolaou V, Tsilivarakis D, Vasiliou V, Vakali S.
INTRODUCTION: Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning may cause severe cellular hypoxia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 28-year-old male presented reduced levels of consciousness and dyspnoea after CO exposure. Clinical examination revealed tachypnoea, bilateral ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

An integration of human factors into quantitative risk analysis using Bayesian Belief Networks towards developing a 'QRA+' - Steijn WMP, Van Kampen JN, Van der Beek D, Groeneweg J, van Gelder PHAJM.
Quantitative Risk Analysis (QRA) is a standard tool in some high-risk industries (such as the on- and offshore exploration and production and chemical industry). Presently, existing knowledge concerning human error likelihood and human reliability assessme... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The fourth industrial revolution and its impact on occupational health and safety, worker's compensation and labor conditions - Min J, Kim Y, Lee S, Jang TW, Kim I, Song J.
The "fourth industrial revolution" (FIR) is an age of advanced technology based on information and communication. FIR has a more powerful impact on the economy than in the past. However, the prospects for the labor environment are uncertain. The purpose of... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Forward functional stability indicator (FFSI) as a reliable measure of limits of stability - S łomka KJ, Michalska J, Marszałek W, Bacik B, Juras G.
Functional stability has been studied in diverse populations, yet the possibility to compare the results across them and the knowledge about actual performance referenced to the maximum capacity is limited. Our aim was to improve the functional limits of s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Using inferred mobility status to estimate the time to major depressive disorder diagnosis post-spinal cord injury - VanDerwerker CJ, Gregory CM, Simpson KN.
OBJECTIVE: Estimate (1) prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) diagnosis; (2) risk factors associated with MDD diagnosis; (3) time at which MDD is diagnosed post-spinal cord injury (SCI) and interaction of inferred mobility status (IMS) in a commerc... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A web-based design for occupational safety and health capability maturity indicator - Poghosyan A, Manu P, Mahamadu AM, Akinade O, Mahdjoubi L, Gibb A, Behm M.
It has been established that design contributes to the occurrence of occupational injuries and illnesses in the construction sector. This has resulted in the need for designers to implement design for occupational safety and health (DfOSH), which is requir... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The association of gait speed and frontal lobe among various cognitive domains: the Korean Frailty and Aging Cohort Study (KFACS) - Seo M, Won CW, Kim S, Yoo JH, Kim YH, Kim BS.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine how gait speed and frontal lobe functionsin community-dwelling older adults in Korea. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study. SETTING: The study used data from the Korean Frailty and Aging Cohort ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Psychosocial and ergonomic conditions at work: influence on the probability of a workplace accident - L ópez-García JR, García-Herrero S, Gutiérrez JM, Mariscal MA.
Today, the economic and social importance of occupational accidents is undeniable worldwide. Hence, research aimed at reducing this type of accident is considered a discipline of great interest for society in general. In this environment, working condition... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Prognostic value of spreading depolarizations in patients with severe traumatic brain injury - Hartings JA, Andaluz N, Bullock MR, Hinzman JM, Mathern B, Pahl C, Puccio A, Shutter LA, Strong AJ, Vagal A, Wilson JA, Dreier JP, Ngwenya LB, Foreman B, Pahren L, Lingsma H, Okonkwo DO.
IMPORTANCE: Advances in treatment of traumatic brain injury are hindered by the inability to monitor pathological mechanisms in individual patients for targeted neuroprotective treatment. Spreading depolarizations, a mechanism of lesion development in anim... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Multiple forms of discrimination and postpartum depression among indigenous Palestinian-Arab, Jewish immigrants and non-immigrant Jewish mothers - Daoud N, Ali Saleh-Darawshy N, Meiyin Gao, Sergienko R, Sestito SR, Geraisy N.
BACKGROUND: While discrimination takes multiple forms, racial or ethnic discrimination is a root cause of this health-damaging social phenomenon. We drew on intersectionality theory, which offers an account of discrimination's multiple effects, to consider... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

An analysis of postpartum walking balance and the correlations to anthropometry - Rothwell SA, Eckland CB, Campbell N, Connolly CP, Catena RD.
BACKGROUND: Falls caused by balance issues during pregnancy are quite common, and these issues can continue postpartum, potentially posing a danger to both the mother and baby. While there has been research on changes to walking gait during pregnancy, walk... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A novel assessment for readiness evaluation during simulated dismounted operations: a reliability study - R ábago CA, Sheehan RC, Schmidtbauer KA, Vernon MC, Wilken JM.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the intersession reliability of the Readiness Evaluation during Simulated Dismounted Operations (REDOp), a novel ecologically-based assessment for injured Service Members, provide minimal detectable change values, and normative refe... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A new method of evaluating the symmetry of movement used to assess the gait of patients after unilateral total hip replacement - Winiarski S, Rutkowska-Kucharska A, Pozowski A, Aleksandrowicz K.
PURPOSE: We propose a new concept of symmetry, the symmetry function, as a continuous function of the percentage of differences between sides of body movement and normalised throughout the whole range of motion. The method is used to assess the dynamical s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A dataset build using wearable inertial measurement and ECG sensors for activity recognition, fall detection and basic heart anomaly detection system - Nadeem A, Mehmood A, Rizwan K.
This paper defines two major data sets 1) from wearable inertial measurement sensors and 2) wearable ECG SHIMMER ™ sensors. The first dataset is devised to benchmark techniques dealing with human behavior analysis based on multimodal inertial measurement ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Too much of a good thing: Pregnant women should watch their omega-6 consumption, warns study
(Natural News) Mothers-to-be should avoid eating foods rich in omega-6 fatty acids, a recent study reveals. According to a new study published in The Journal of Physiology, a diet with excessive amounts of linoleic acid – a type of omega-6 fatty acid – may be harmful to pregnant women, with the researchers noting that such a diet may... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - December 31, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Visual dependence affects the motor behavior of older adults during the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test - Almajid R, Tucker C, Wright WG, Vasudevan E, Keshner E.
BACKGROUND: Older adults show greater postural instabilities under misleading visual cues relative to younger adults. We investigated the effects of age-related visual dependence on motor performance under increased attention demands by adding a motor task... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Tarsal navicular fracture in a parkour practitioner, a rare injury - case report and literature review - Karmali S, Ramos JT, Almeida J, Barros A, Campos P, Costa DSD.
Tarsal navicular fractures, as well as other midfoot injuries, are rare, and can result in severe impairment if not properly treated. Parkour, a modern sport, is gaining popularity among young individuals in urban areas, and is prone to result in high-ener... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Study on gait symmetry based on simulation and evaluation system of prosthesis gait - Yu B, Yu H, Meng Q, Meng Q, Cao W.
A software and hardware platform for gait simulation and system evaluation for lower limb intelligent prosthesis is proposed and designed, in order that the wearable symmetry effect of the intelligent knee prosthesis can be quantitatively analyzed by machi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Shoe cushioning influences the running injury risk according to body mass: a randomized controlled trial involving 848 recreational runners - Malisoux L, Delattre N, Urhausen A, Theisen D.
BACKGROUND: Shoe cushioning is expected to protect runners against repetitive loading of the musculoskeletal system and therefore running-related injuries. Also, it is a common belief that heavier runners should use footwear with increased shock absorption... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Serbian twin registry - Smederevac S, Mitrovic D, Sadikovi ć S, Milovanović I, Branovački B, Dinić BM, Nikolašević Ž, Kodzopeljic J, Bugarski Ignjatović V, Semnic M, Vujanić Stankov T, Vučinić N, Oljača M, Pajić D, Stojadinović A, Krstić T, Milutinović A.
The first twin study in Serbia began in 2011 as a part of the research project, 'Psychological Foundations of Mental Health: Hereditary and Environmental Factors'. At the same time, the research team from the Faculty of Philosophy and Faculty of Medicine i... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Maximum impact heights of currently used mouthguards in field hockey - van Vliet KE, Kleverlaan CJ, Lobbezoo F, de Lange J, van Wijk AJ.
BACKGROUND/AIM: The effectiveness of mouthguards used in field hockey is unknown. The aim of this study was to compare the maximum impact heights between currently used mouthguards in field hockey to prevent dental injury. METHODS: Four boil-and-bi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news