Sexual violence and eclampsia: analysis of data from demographic and health surveys from seven low- and middle-income countries - Bellizzi S, Nivoli A, Salaris P, Ronzoni AR, Pichierri G, Palestra F, Wazwaz O, Luque-Fernandez MA.
BACKGROUND: Scientific literature has provided clear evidence of the profound impact of sexual violence on women's health, such as somatic disorders and mental adverse outcomes. However, consequences related to obstetric complications are not yet completel... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

CrossFit ®: injury prevalence and main risk factors - da Costa TS, Louzada CTN, Miyashita GK, da Silva PHJ, Sungaila HYF, Lara PHS, Pochini AC, Ejnisman B, Cohen M, Arliani GG.
This study sought to determine prevalences of injuries associated with CrossFit ® training and assess profiles of these injuries and the affected athletes. METHODS: Data were collected over a 12-month period using a questionnaire admini... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Risk factors for suicide and suicide attempts among patients with treatment-resistant depression: nested case-control study - Reutfors J, Andersson TM, Tanskanen A, DiBernardo A, Li G, Brandt L, Brenner P.
The risk of suicide is elevated among patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD). Risk factors for suicide and suicide attempts among cases and controls with TRD were investigated using data from nationwide Swedish registers. Among 119,407 antidepr... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Neurobiological research with suicidal participants: a framework for investigators - Ballard ED, Waldman L, Yarrington JS, Gerlus N, Newman LE, Lee L, Sparks M, Liberty V, Pao M, Park L, Zarate CA.
OBJECTIVE: Suicide is a public health threat. Nevertheless, the research literature on actively suicidal participants is relatively sparse, in part because they are often excluded from medical, psychiatric, and psychological research for a host of logistic... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Vitamin D deficiency and sarcopenia in older persons - Remelli F, Vitali A, Zurlo A, Volpato S.
Vitamin D deficiency is a common health problem worldwide, in particular among older people. Vitamin D regulates and modulates the physiology and function of multiple human systems, including the skeletal muscle. The effect of vitamin D on the muscle has b... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

The relationship between anxiety, depression, suicidal ideation and quality of life in patients with rheumatoid arthritis - Be şirli A, Alptekin JÖ, Kaymak D, Ozer OA.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic disease and many patients with RA experience lifelong anxiety and depression. The aim of this study is to provide an assessment of anxiety, depression, suicidal ideation, disease activity and quality of life in patien... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Sepsis: Precision-Based Medicine for Pregnancy and the Puerperium
Sepsis contributes significantly to global morbidity and mortality, particularly in vulnerable populations. Pregnant and recently pregnant women are particularly prone to rapid progression to sepsis and septic shock, with 11% of maternal deaths worldwide being attributed to sepsis. The impact on the neonate is considerable, with 1 million neonatal deaths annually attributed to maternal infection or sepsis. Pregnancy specific physiological and immunological adaptations are likely to contribute to a greater impact of infection, but current approaches to the management of sepsis are based on those developed for the non-pregna...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - November 28, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

PhD Studentship in thyroid hormones
Oxford Brookes University are offering a PhD Studentship in the role of thyroid hormones during fetal growth and development.The aim of this PhD studentship is to investigate the mechanisms by which hypothyroidism in utero influences the activity of the fetal HPA axis.  In collaboration with colleagues at the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, the project will use immunohistochemistry to assess neuronal networks and pituitary cell populations, and tissue culture to examine the secretory capacity of the fetal pituitary in vitro.For further information contact Dr Alison Forhead:aforhead@brookes.ac.ukEligibility: ...
Source: Society for Endocrinology - November 28, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: news

Predicting need for intensive care unit admission in adult emphysematous pyelonephritis patients at emergency departments: comparison of five scoring systems
This study assesses the performance of National Early Warning Score (NEWS), Quick Sepsis-related Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA), Modified Early Warning Score (MEWS), Rapid Emergency Medicine Score (REMS), and Rapid Acute Physiology Score (RAPS) in predicting emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN) patients'need for intensive care unit (ICU) admission. A retrospective analysis was conducted at four training and research hospitals'emergency departments (EDs) on all EPN adult patients from January 2007 to August 2017. In this multicentre ED EPN series, we recommend using NEWS in early identification of critical EPN patients and ...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - November 28, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Accelerometry data in health research: challenges and opportunities - Karas M, Bai J, Str ączkiewicz M, Harezlak J, Glynn NW, Harris T, Zipunnikov V, Crainiceanu C, Urbanek JK.
Wearable accelerometers provide detailed, objective, and continuous measurements of physical activity (PA). Recent advances in technology and the decreasing cost of wearable devices led to an explosion in the popularity of wearable technology in health res... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

An investigative strategy for assessment of injuries in forensic anthropology - Scian ò F, Bramanti B, Manzon VS, Gualdi-Russo E.
In this study, we propose a new evaluation form to facilitate the detec... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Experience with mouthguards and prevalence of orofacial injuries among field hockey players in Catalonia - Zamora-Olave C, Willaert E, Parera L, Riera-Pu ñet N, Martinez-Gomis J.
BACKGROUND/AIM: Orofacial injuries are a serious problem in field hockey. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of orofacial injuries in field hockey players in Catalonia, the frequency of mouthguard use, the types of mouthguards used and t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Flashing yellow arrows for right turn applications: a driving simulator study and static evaluation analysis - Ryan A, Casola E, Fitzpatrick C, Knodler M.
Pedestrians continue to be considered among the most vulnerable road users, as they are directly exposed to the impact of vehicular crashes. Due to the variety of turning movements that can be, and are, performed at signalized intersections, the vulnerabil... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

HeartPy: a novel heart rate algorithm for the analysis of noisy signals - van Gent P, Farah H, van Nes N, van Arem B.
Heart rate data are often collected in human factors studies, including those into vehicle automation. Advances in open hardware platforms and off-the-shelf photoplethysmogram (PPG) sensors allow the non-intrusive collection of heart rate data at very low ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

How do perceptions of risk and other psychological factors influence the use of in-vehicle information systems (IVIS)? - Oviedo-Trespalacios O, Nandavar S, Haworth N.
In-vehicle information systems (IVIS) have increased in popularity and availability in the past five years and are expected to transform the way individuals drive. Therefore, it is important to investigate the potential risks associated with IVIS use, part... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Modelling visual-vestibular integration and behavioural adaptation in the driving simulator - Markkula G, Romano R, Waldram R, Giles O, Mole C, Wilkie R.
It is well established that not only vision but also other sensory modalities affect drivers' control of their vehicles, and that drivers adapt over time to persistent changes in sensory cues (for example in driving simulators), but the mechanisms underlyi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Ontology-based adaptive testing for automated driving functions using data mining techniques - Elgharbawy M, Schwarzhaupt A, Frey M, Gauterin F.
This paper presents an adaptive verification framework for automated driving functions based on ontologies and data-mining techniques. Despite the recent rapid growth of driver assistance systems to consolidate road safety, they still have various challeng... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The influence of incentives and instructions on behaviour in driving simulator studies - Harvey C, Burnett G.
There are a number of factors which may influence the validity of experimental studies, including the incentives offered and the instructions provided to participants. These have been little-studied in the driving domain. The aim of this study was to inves... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The intersection of pedestrian safety and multimodal perception - Davis SJ, Pugliese BJ, Barton BK.
Pedestrian injury is a costly and all-too-common form of unintentional injury. The pedestrian's task is complex, requiring individuals to glean information from the environment and make judgments based on that information. Previous pedestrian safety resear... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Women are at higher risk for concussions due to ball or equipment contact in soccer and lacrosse - Blasier RD.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

What happens before the first step? A new approach to quantifying gait initiation using a wearable sensor - Gazit E, Buchman AS, Dawe R, Curran TA, Mirelman A, Giladi N, Hausdorff JM.
BACKGROUND: Walking is a volitional behavior that requires planning and initiation before a step is observed. Following a signal to begin walking, studies of gait initiation in specialized labs have identified three phases that occur during the transition ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 27, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

An exploratory study on the effects of human, technical and operating factors on aviation safety - Low JMW, Yang KK.
This article explores the effects of human, technical, and operating factors on the safety record of 50 airlines over the period 2004 to 2015. The factors examined include (1) pilot salary, (2) fleet age, (3) International Air Transport Association - Opera... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 27, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The assessment of hazard awareness skills among light rail drivers - Borowsky A, Palacci N, Itzhaki M, Shinar D.
Light rail (LR) is a popular means of public transportation worldwide, in use in more than 380 cities worldwide. LR drivers must have good hazard awareness: the ability to understand the complexity of the traffic environment and anticipate road events. Yet... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Study on the effects of sex and age on proximal femoral fractures in two culturally diverse countries - Zelenka L, Kn ížková I, Lukešová D, Kunc P.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The pilot study deals with the current situation in proximal femoral fractures in culturally diverse regions, namely in Afghanistan (AFG) and in the Czech Republic (CZ). The study aimed to find out whether there are any differences in ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Risks from breathing elevated oxygen - Shykoff BE, Lee RL.
INTRODUCTION: Effects of breathing gas with elevated oxygen partial pressure (Po ₂) and/or elevated inspired oxygen fraction (FIo₂) at sea level or higher is discussed. High FIo₂ is associated with absorption problems in t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Pro-inflammatory monocyte profile in patients with major depressive disorder and suicide behaviour and how ketamine induces anti-inflammatory M2 macrophages by NMDAR and mTOR - Nowak W, Grendas LN, Sanmarco LM, Estecho IG, Arena ÁR, Eberhardt N, Rodante DE, Aoki MP, Daray FM, Carrera Silva EA, Errasti AE.
BACKGROUND: Depression is a highly prevalent disorder that is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide. Despite an unknown aetiology, evidence suggests that the innate and adaptive immune systems play a significant role in the development and main... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Prevalence and pattern of basal skull fracture in head injury patients in an academic hospital - Mokolane NS, Minne C, Dehnavi A.
BACKGROUND: Basal skull fractures (BSFs) have been reported to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the literature, particularly in young male patients. However, there are limited data available on the aetiology, prevalence and patterns of such o... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Novel compound heterozygous mutations in TTI2 cause syndromic intellectual disability in a Chinese family - Wang R, Han S, Liu H, Khan A, Xiaerbati H, Yu X, Huang J, Zhang X.
Telomere maintenance 2 (TELO2)-interacting protein 2 (TTI2) interacts with TTI1 and TELO2 to form the Triple T complex, which is required for various cellular processes, including the double-strand DNA break response, nonsense-mediated mRNA decay, and telo... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

MDPV-induced aggression in humans not established - O'Malley KY, Medina-Kirchner C.
We read with interest the article by De-Giogio et al. [1] investigating the acute and repeated administration of 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) on aggressive responding in mice. This is an important issue because MDPV is one of the synthetic cath... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

How much time is needed between serial "return to play" assessments to achieve clinically important strength gains in patients recovering from anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction? - Bodkin SG, Rutherford MH, Diduch DR, Brockmeier SF, Hart JM.
BACKGROUND: Pass rates for return-to-play evaluations are alarmingly low for patients after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Since timing of return to play is a complicated decision, it is important that patients be given optimal time to r... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Fall determinants in the adult Portuguese: do chronic conditions change the risk of falling? - Marques AJ, Rodrigues A, Dias S, Canh ão H, Branco J, Vaz C.
This study aimed to (1) characterize fallers in the adult Portuguese population as well as (2) identify if some chronic conditions are fall determinants. MATERIAL AN... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Evaluating rider steering responses to an unexpected collision hazard using a motorcycle riding simulator - Nugent M, Savino G, Mulvihill C, Lenn é M, Fitzharris M.
Motorcycle rider steer responses to unexpected collision emergencies have not been studied experimentally. We used a motorcycle simulator with elastic steer mechanism and modified car driving model to simulate the input-output counter steering response of ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Could affect regulation via vagal nerve self- stimulation be a maintaining factor in non-suicidal self-harm? - van Hoorn AC.
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a serious and common phenomenon which has been linked with emotion or affect regulation. The capacity for top-down emotion regulation has also been linked to vagal tone. Vagal tone is known to be low in groups... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A review of the prevalence of psychosis in sexual homicide - Lam AA, Penney SR, Simpson AIF.
The objective of this review was to estimate the prevalence of psychosis ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of blue wavelength light exposure on sleep and recovery of brain structure, function, and cognition following mild traumatic brain injury - Killgore WDS, Vanuk JR, Shane BR, Weber M, Bajaj S.
Sleep and circadian rhythms are among the most powerful but least understood contributors to cognitive performance and brain health. Here we capitalize on the circadian resetting effect of blue-wavelength light to phase shift the sleep patterns of adult pa... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Cervical spine motion during vehicle extrication of healthy volunteers - Gabrieli A, Nardello F, Geronazzo M, Marchetti P, Liberto A, Arcozzi D, Polati E, Cesari P, Zamparo P.
Objective: Prehospital spinal motion restriction as a prevention technique for secondary neurological injury is a key principle in emergency medicine. Our aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of different cervical spinal cord motion restriction tec... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Biomechanical effects of shoe gear on the lower extremity - Spencer S.
The information gleaned from kinetic and kinematic studies on foot function and gait in relation to shoes can be applied clinically after considering the key findings of the research discussed in this article. These studies demonstrate the events of the ga... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Is it safe to drive after oral surgery? - Laimer J, Bruckmoser E, Leitner B, G öbel G, Neururer SB, Frech A, Schnabl D, Steiner R, Haid C, Moroder L, Liebensteiner M.
OBJECTIVES: Driving ability largely depends on the total brake response time (TBRT) corresponding to the time a subject needs to react to a stimulus and apply a well-defined force on the brake pedal. As yet, the English literature completely lacks clinical... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Throws of death: traumatic coronary artery dissection resulting from jiu jitsu training - Haywood ST, Patel K, Gallo D, Silver K, Jouriles N.
BACKGROUND: The risk of cardiac injury in blunt thoracic trauma is quite rare, occurring in only 0.1% of patients. The least common cardiac injury is coronary artery dissection. Most cardiac injuries result from high-energy mechanisms such as motor vehicle... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A 57-year-old woman with progressive left hand clumsiness and falls - Paramanandam V, Olszewska DA, Shakya B, Chalissery AJ, O'Connell M, Farrell M, Lynch T.
CLINICAL HISTORY: A 57-year old woman presented with left hand pain, periodic leg movement during sleep, gradual onset of stiffness, clumsiness, and falls. Neurological examination showed: generalized rigidity and bradykinesia. There was left hand dystonic... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Test-retest reliability of stability outcome measures during treadmill walking in patients with balance problems and healthy controls - de Jong LAF, van Dijsseldonk RB, Keijsers NLW, Groen BE.
BACKGROUND: Improvement of balance control is an important rehabilitation goal for patients with motor and sensory impairments. To quantify balance control during walking, various stability outcome measures have described differences between healthy contro... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Sensory cortical control of movement - Karadimas SK, Satkunendrarajah K, Laliberte AM, Ringuette D, Weisspapir I, Li L, Gosgnach S, Fehlings MG.
Walking in our complex environment requires continual higher order integrated spatiotemporal information. This information is processed in the somatosensory cortex, and it has long been presumed that it influences movement via descending tracts originating... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Pelvic movements during walking throughout gestation - the relationship between morphology and kinematic parameters - Forczek W, Ivanenko Y, Salamaga M, Sylos-Labini F, Fr ączek B, Masłoń A, Curyło M, Suder A.
BACKGROUND: Many researchers emphasize adaptations following pregnancy. Our purpose was to get more insight into how morphology interacts with the pelvic walking pattern - the segment most prone to the adaptation following altered body demands. MET... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Instrumental assessment of balance and gait in depression: a systematic review - Belvederi Murri M, Triolo F, Coni A, Tacconi C, Nerozzi E, Escelsior A, Respino M, Neviani F, Bertolotti M, Bertakis K, Chiari L, Zanetidou S, Amore M.
Psychomotor symptoms of depression are understudied despite having a severe impact on patient outcomes. This review aims to summarize the evidence on motor features of depression assessed with instrumental procedures, and examine age-related differences. ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Effect of perampanel on aggression in patients with refractory focal epilepsy: a 6-month longitudinal study - Lee SA, Jeon JY, Kim HW.
PURPOSE: Clinical trials have demonstrated the efficacy of perampanel for the treatment of epilepsy. However, patients treated with this and other antiepileptic drugs often exhibit aggressive behaviors. We investigated the clinical factors contributing to ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Geffen School of Medicine honors doctor for his groundbreaking research on immune response
In recognition of his groundbreaking work on the mechanisms underlying the cellular response to infection, Dr. Zhijian “James” Chen of the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas has received the 2019 Switzer Prize awarded by the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA.At the prize ceremony on the UCLA campus, during which Chen delivered a lecture about his research focused on the role of DNA in triggering immune defense and autoimmune diseases, the scientist said he was honored to receive the award and then joked that “to this day, I still don’t know who nominated me.”C...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - November 21, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Prefrontal cortex alterations in glia gene expression in schizophrenia with and without suicide - Zhang L, Verwer RWH, Lucassen PJ, Huitinga I, Swaab DF.
BACKGROUND: Patients with schizophrenia (SCZ) run a lifelong risk of suicide. Alterations in glia activities in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) have been reported in relation to suicide in patients with SCZ. While immune processes in the CNS have been related ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Increasing access to transit: localized mobile information - Steinfeld A, Bloomfield L, Amick S, Huang Y, Odom W, Yang Q, Zimmerman J.
While several studies note the challenges that people with disabilities face when using public transit, little work has investigated how mobile transit information apps affect accessibility. To address this gap, we recruited transit riders who are blind, w... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Vestibular exercises as a fall prevention strategy in patients with cognitive impairment - Varriano B, Sulway S, Wetmore C, Dillon W, Misquitta K, Multani N, Anor C, Mart ínez M, Cacchione E, Rutka J, Tartaglia MC.
Vestibular impairment (VI) and cognitive impairment (CI) are risk factors for senior falls. We tested the feasibility of a self-directed 12-week vestibular rehabilitation (VR) program in Memory Clinic patients (65 years+) with a fall, CI and VI. We assesse... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The Veterans Affairs Neuropathy Scale: a reliable, remote polyneuropathy exam - Wilson AM, Ong MK, Saliba D, Jamal NI.
Introduction: Polyneuropathy (PN) complaints are common, prompting many referrals for neurologic evaluation. To improve access of PN care in distant community clinics, we developed a telemedicine service (patient-clinician interactions using real-ti... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news