Static and dynamic postural control: comparison between community old adults and people with Parkinson's disease - Lazarotto L, Bobbo GZG, Siega J, da Silva AZ, Iucksch DD, Israel VL, Bento PCB.
AIMS: To compare the static and dynamic postural control of people with Parkinson's disease and community old adults. METHODS: Thirty-five people were in the Parkinson's disease group (PDG; 12 women, 62.4  ± 11.0 years, 77.9 ± 15.6 kg, 1... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

New molecular auto-control system to avoid an excessive brown adipose tissue activity
(University of Barcelona) A scientific team found a new metabolism regulation system for the brown adipose tissue using the kallikrein-kinin hormonal system, so far related to the physiology of the renal and cardiovascular system and inflammation and pain processes. This molecular auto-control system of lipidic metabolism, so far unknown, could help prevent the damaging effects derived from an excessive activation of the brown adipose tissue. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - May 7, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

The effect of physical fatigue on tackling technique in Rugby Union - Davidow D, Redman M, Lambert M, Burger N, Smith M, Jones B, Hendricks S.
OBJECTIVES: To measure the change in tackling technique of rugby union players following an acute bout of physically fatiguing exercise. DESIGN: Randomised cross-over study design with a physical fatigue condition and no-physical fatigue condition ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Longitudinal alteration of cortical thickness and volume in high-impact sports - Mills BD, Goubran M, Parivash SN, Dennis EL, Rezaii P, Akers C, Bian W, Mitchell LA, Boldt B, Douglas D, Sami S, Mouchawar N, Wilson EW, DiGiacomo P, Parekh M, Do H, L ópez J, Rosenberg J, Camarillo D, Grant G, Wintermark M, Zeineh M.
Collegiate football athletes are subject to repeated head impacts. The purpose of this study was to determine whether this exposure can lead to changes in brain structure. This prospective cohort study was conducted with up to 4 years of follow-up on 63 fo... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Research led by Stefania Nicoli explores the genetic roots of heart disease
The Nicoli lab investigates how microRNAs (miRNAs) play a role in the physiology of the cardiovascular system. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - May 6, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Beat the Common Cold
Researchers in Canada and China are testing a powerful immune booster that provides broad-spectrum protection against the common cold and a number of viruses including SARS, Ebola and H1N1. They’re currently running clinical trials to prove its effectiveness against coronavirus. I’m talking about quercetin – a powerful antioxidant that is already available as a supplement. Previous research shows that quercetin’s antiviral capacity works in three ways. Quercetin can: Stop the virus from infecting cells Reduce the reproduction of cells that are already infected And reduce infected cells resistance t...
Source: Al Sears, MD Natural Remedies - May 6, 2020 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Dr.A.Sears Tags: Health Source Type: news

Incidence of injuries among amateur badminton players: a cross-sectional study - Marchena-Rodriguez A, Gijon-Nogueron G, Cabello-Manrique D, Ortega-Avila AB.
The main aims of this study were, firstly, to investigate the frequency, location, and severity of injuries in amateur badminton players, and then to determine risk factors that may be associated with a higher incidence of injuries.A cross-sectional study,... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A review of studies looking at quality of life and psychological impact in people with photodermatoses - skin diseases triggered by sunlight - Rutter KJ, Ashraf I, Cordingley L, Rhodes LE.
Photodermatoses, or photosensitivity conditions, are a group of skin disorders caused by exposure to sunlight, overall affecting a large number of people. They cause a range of distressing symptoms including pain and burn, and can make the skin blister, fl... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Africa: Icipe Scientists Discover Malaria Transmission-Blocking Microbe in Mosquitoes
[Icipe] Nairobi -Researchers from the International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology ( icipe ) and the University of Glasgow, UK, have identified a microbe in malaria mosquitoes that is capable of blocking transmission of the disease from the insects to people. (Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria)
Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria - May 4, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Sex, gender or occupational psychology: what matters most to preventing heat-related illnesses and improving outcomes for women in ground close combat? - Gifford RM, Taylor N, Stacey M, Woods DR.
This article considers the... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Environmental Issues, Climate, Geophysics Source Type: news

Ankle fracture epidemiology in the United States: patient-related trends and mechanisms of injury - Scheer RC, Newman JM, Zhou JJ, Oommen AJ, Naziri Q, Shah NV, Pascal SC, Penny GS, McKean JM, Tsai J, Uribe JA.
Current nationwide epidemiological data  regarding ankle fractures are scarce. Such information is important towards better quantifying the mortality associated with such injuries, financial impact, as well as the implementation of preventative measure... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Beyond the mean reaction time: trial-by-trial reaction time reveals the distraction effect on perceptual-motor sequence learning - Du Y, Clark JE.
Perceptual-motor sequences can be learned quickly under distraction, often demonstrated by the mean reaction time (RT) change in a serial reaction time (SRT) task. However, any arbitrary mean RT can arise from one of many distinct trial-by-trial RT pattern... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Differentiating depression and ADHD without depression in adults with processing-speed measures - Martiny K, Nielsen NP, Wiig EH.
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated processing-speed and shift-cost measures in adults with depression or ADHD and monitored the effects of treatment. We hypothesized that cognitive-speed and shift-cost measures might differentiate diagnostic groups. METHODS: ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

High-lethality of suicide attempts associated with platelet to lymphocyte ratio and mean platelet volume in psychiatric inpatient setting - Aguglia A, Amerio A, Asaro P, Caprino M, Conigliaro C, Giacomini G, Parisi VM, Trabucco A, Amore M, Serafini G.
Objectives: A wide range of potential psychosocial, biological, genetic and environmental factors interact with each other in determining suicidal behaviors. The aim of this study was to evaluate several biological parameters referred to the complet... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Local dynamic stability of gait in people with early multiple sclerosis and no-to-mild neurological impairment - Caronni A, Gervasoni E, Ferrarin M, Anastasi D, Brichetto G, Confalonieri P, Di Giovanni R, Prosperini L, Tacchino A, Solaro C, Rovaris M, Cattaneo D, Carpinella I.
Poor dynamic balance, such as poor walking stability, is a hallmark of multiple sclerosis. Instrumental measures of local dynamic stability (LDS, e.g. short-term Lyapunov's exponents, sLyEs) are genuine measures of walking stability and increasingly used a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Psychological stress of bicycling with traffic: examining heart rate variability of bicyclists in natural urban environments - Fitch DT, Sharpnack J, Handy SL.
Understanding how road environments stress bicyclists (and prospective bicyclists) has important implications for road design and network planning. With the rise of wearable bio-sensing technology, the potential for measuring real-time environmental acute ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Safety and autonomy: a contradiction forever? - Grote G.
Much of current research on designing safe organizations centers around the question of how to best manage concurrent demands for stability and flexibility in the face of external and internal uncertainties. Classic approaches to safety management have fav... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Safety Voice for Ergonomics (SAVE): evaluation of a masonry apprenticeship training program - Hess JA, Kincl L, Weeks DL, Vaughan A, Anton D.
BACKGROUND: Masons have a high rate of musculoskeletal disorders among construction workers and greater than all other industries. Viable solutions to musculoskeletal hazards have been identified by industry stakeholders, yet masons receive minimal ergonom... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Should we pass on minimum passing distance laws for cyclists? Comparing a tactical enforcement option and minimum passing distance laws using signal detection theory - Lamb JS, Walker GH, Fisher V, Hulme A, Salmon PM, Stanton NA.
Legislation mandating minimum distances for motorists passing cyclists is seen by advocates as a straightforward way to increase the perceived safety of cycling and thus remove a prominent barrier to the uptake of cycling. The evidence, however, is not as ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Suicide attempt and suicidal drug overdose in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients with or without depression - Lin CY, Harnod T, Lin CL, Kao CH.
BACKGROUND: To determine differences in the incidence and risks of suicide attempt (SA) and suicidal drug overdose (SDO) between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with and without comorbid depression by using data from Taiwan's National... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The effect of a LED lighting crosswalk on pedestrian safety: some experimental results - Patella SM, Sportiello S, Carrese S, Bella F, Asdrubali F.
The research presented in this paper is focused on the definition of a new methodology for evaluating how illuminated crosswalks influence drivers' behavior when approaching the zebra in nighttime conditions. The proposed methodology is based on in situ sp... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Using the tools of Genetic Epidemiology to understand sex differences in neuropsychiatric disorders - Merikangas AK, Almasy L.
Many neuropsychiatric disorders exhibit differences in prevalence, age of onset, symptoms, or course of illness between males and females. For the most part, the origins of these differences are not well understood. In this paper, we provide an overview of... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Why cities with high bicycling rates are safer for all road users [Letter to the editor] - Schimek P.
Wesley E. Marshall and Nicholas N. Ferenchak (Why cities with high bicycling rates are safer for all road users) claim that "improving bike infrastructure with more protected/separated bike facilities is significantly associated with fewer fatalities and b... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The prevalence, characteristics and prevention status of skin injury caused by personal protective equipment among medical staff in fighting COVID-19: a multi-center, cross-sectional study - Jiang Q, Song S, Zhou J, Liu Y, Chen A, Bai Y, Wang J, Jiang Z, Zhang Y, Liu H, Hua J, Guo J, Han Q, Tang Y, Xue J.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence, characteristics and preventive status of skin injuries caused by personal protective equipment (PPE) in medical staff. APPROACH: A cross-sectional survey was conducted online for understanding skin injuries among m... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The personal and contextual factors that affect customer experience during rail service failures and the implications for service design - Ross T, May A, Cockbill SA.
This paper: identifies personal and contextual factors that influence customer experience when service failures occur in rail transport; what is being conveyed through that factor (e.g. older age being used to convey vulnerability); and the implications fo... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Serious sports-related injury in England and Wales from 2012-2017: a study protocol - Davies MAM, Lawrence T, Edwards A, Lecky F, McKay CD, Stokes KA, Williams S.
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is an important component of healthy lifestyles, with a central role in morbidity prevention. However, sporting and physical activity also involve an inherent injury risk. Some sports and activities have a higher injury risk, ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Panacea, placebo or poison? Genetically guided treatment for depression - Nurmi EL.
Understanding pharmacogenomic influences on drug response and adverse effects is critical to precision health, a major goal for modern healthcare. The ability to transcend the current trial-and-error process of treatment matching in psychiatry would pr... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Out on a limb: applying the Person-Environment-Occupation-Performance model to examine injury-linked factors among light rail drivers - Naweed A, Bowditch L, Trigg J, Unsworth C.
Work-related injuries and musculoskeletal disorders are a workplace problem within and across organisations, particularly in rail, where they tend to be treated as non-significant and localised health issues. While physical ergonomics and interface-design ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Making it harder to "see" meaning: the more you see something, the more its conceptual representation is susceptible to visual interference - Davis CP, Joergensen GH, Boddy P, Dowling C, Yee E.
Does the perceptual system for looking at the world overlap with the conceptual system for thinking about it? We conducted two experiments (N = 403) to investigate this question. Experiment 1 showed that when people make simple semantic judgments on... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Liver transplant is associated with sustained improvement in tandem gait and risk of falls - Acharya C, White MB, Fagan A, Sterling RK, Stravitz RT, Puri P, Fuchs M, Luketic V, Sanyal AJ, Wade JB, Gilles H, Heuman DM, Tinsley F, Matherly S, Lee H, Siddiqui MS, Thacker LR, Bajaj JS.
BACKGROUND: Cirrhosis is associated with poor health-related quality of life (HRQOL), cognitive dysfunction (CD), and lack of coordination leading to falls. Tandem gait (TG; heel-toe) can be used to assess coordination. The impact and relationship between ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Latent infection, inflammatory markers and suicide attempt history in depressive disorders - Coryell W, Wilcox H, Evans SJ, Pandey GN, Jones-Brando L, Dickerson F, Yolken R.
BACKGROUND: Numerous reports have described increased rates of exposure to Toxoplasma gondii levels in individuals with a history of suicide attempts in comparison with well controls, or psychiatrically ill individuals, with no suicide attempt history. Suc... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Injury risk and injury incidence rates in crossfit: a brief review - Gardiner B, Devereux G, Beato M.
INTRODUCTION: Despite completing complex movements under cardiovascular and muscular fatigued conditions, CrossFit suggested safety of participants is one of the most important factors to consider. Therefore, the aim of this brief review is to provide an o... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Influence of body mass index, handedness and gender on ruler drop method reaction time among adults - Jha RK, Thapa S, Kasti R, Nepal O.
BACKGROUND: The interval between stimulus and response is called reaction time. It measures the sensorimotor function and performance of an individual. It involves stimulus processing, decision making and response programming. Many factors such as age, gen... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Incidences of fatalities on Austrian ski slopes: a 10-year analysis - Posch M, Schranz A, Lener M, Burtscher M, Ruedl G.
The study evaluated incidences and potential differences of traumatic and nontraumatic fatalities among recreational skiers and snowboarders on Austrian ski slopes within a 10-year analysis. Within this retrospective study, data were collected by the Feder... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Incidence and pattern of musculoskeletal injuries among women and men during Marine Corps training in sex-integrated units - Lovalekar M, Keenan KA, Beals K, Nindl BC, Pihoker AA, Coleman LC, Allison KF.
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this analysis was to describe and compare the incidence and pattern of musculoskeletal injuries in women and men during the United States Marine Corps Ground Combat Element Integrated Task Force work-up and assessment phases in s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Factors associated with postpartum depressive symptoms in community of central Nepal - Dawadi P, Bhatta AS, Shakya J.
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy and postpartum are considered as high risk periods for the emergence of psychiatric disorder. Although postpartum depressive symptoms have been associated with tragic outcome, such as maternal suicide and infanticide, it is a neglecte... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Epidemiology of postnatal depression and its associated factors in Africa: a systematic review  and meta-analysis - Dadi AF, Akalu TY, Baraki AG, Wolde HF.
INTRODUCTION: Postnatal depression (PND) is a major cause of negative health-related behaviors and outcomes during infancy, childhood and adolescent period. In Africa, the burden of postnatal depression is high. However, it is under-investigated hence unde... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Effects of active commuting on cardiovascular risk factors: GISMO a randomized controlled feasibility study - Reich B, Niederseer D, Loidl M, Fernandez La Puente de Batre MD, Rossi VA, Zagel B, Caselli S, Schmied C, Niebauer J.
A sedentary lifestyle is a major modifiable risk factor for many chronic diseases. Lifestyle modification in order to increase exercise capacity is key in the prevention and rehabilitation of chronic diseases. This could be achieved by active commute. The ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Effect of urban trips on stress and cognitive performance, a study in Bogot á, Colombia - Jimenez-Vaca AL, Guatibonza-Garcia V, Mendivil CO, García Cardona PB, Rodriguez-Valencia A.
Resumen Introducci ón Los viajes urbanos pueden ser una actividad estresante con impacto la capacidad cognitiva, un componente central de la salud de las personas. El propósito de esta investigación es explorar si el desempeño cognitivo se ve afectado... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Does active travel make people healthier, or are healthy people more inclined to travel actively? - Kroesen M, De Vos J.
Introduction Active travel (walking and cycling) is increasingly being recognised as a potentially effective means of increasing physical activity levels and thereby contribute to physical and mental health. To date, however, much of the empirical evidenc... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Discriminative ability of Fall Efficacy Scale International in Iranian people with multiple sclerosis - Choobsaz H, ShahAli S, Salehi R, Noorizadeh Dehkordi S, Shanbehzadeh S.
BACKGROUND: The discriminative validity of fall efficacy scale international (FES-I) in differentiating between fallers and non-fallers, levels of functional mobility, dynamic balance and disability has not been assessed in Persian speaking people with mul... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Differential effects of acute and multiple concussions on gait initiation performance - Buckley TA, Munkasy BA, Krazeise DA, Oldham JR, Evans KM, Clouse B.
OBJECTIVE: To identify the effect of acute and multiple concussions on gait initiation performance. DESIGN: Cohort Study SETTING: University Research Center PARTICIPANTS: A population based sample of 45 participants divided into three groups: No Pr... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Cerebellar Purkinje cell activity modulates aggressive behavior - Jackman SL, Chen CH, Offermann HL, Drew IR, Harrison BM, Bowman AM, Flick KM, Flaquer I, Regehr WG.
Although the cerebellum is traditionally associated with balance and motor function, it also plays wider roles in affective and cognitive behaviors. Evidence suggests that the cerebellar vermis may regulate aggressive behavior, though the cerebellar circui... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Causes of construction injuries: review - Birhane GE, Yang L, Geng J, Zhu J.
The aim of this paper is to identify the causes of construction injuries (CIs), to summarize them into categories, to provide input in a concise form for reference and recommend possible solutions. A total of 967 peer-reviewed papers were retrieved and aft... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Berg Balance Scale: inter-rater and intra-rater reliability of the Spanish version with incomplete spinal cord injured subjects - Freixes O, Passuni DA, Buffetti E, Elizalde M, Lastiri F.
STUDY DESIGN: Cross sectional. OBJECTIVES: To determine the inter-rater and intra-rater reliability of the Spanish version of the Berg Balance Scale with incomplete spinal cord injured subjects. SETTING: CINER Rehabilitation Center. METHODS... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A neuroscientific evaluation of driver rehabilitation: functional neuroimaging demonstrates the effectiveness of empathy induction in altering brain responses during social information processing - Shaw DJ, Czek óová K, Špiláková B, Salazar M, Rezác P, Kureckova V, Zamecnik P, Brázdil M.
An alarming number of traffic-related deaths occur each year on European roads alone. Figures reveal that the vast majority of road-traffic accidents are caused by drivers themselves, and so further improvements in road safety require developments in drive... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A behavioral microeconomic foundation for car-following models - Hamdar SH, Dixit VV, Talebpour A, Treiber M.
The objective of this paper is to develop a micro-economic modeling approach for car-following behaviors that may capture different risk-taking tendencies when dealing with different traffic conditions. The proposed framework allows for the consideration o... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

"The harder one tries …": findings and insights from the application of covert response pressure assessment technology in three studies of visual perception - Tsikandilakis M, Bali P, Haralabopoulos G, Derrfuss J, Chapman P.
We present a device disguised as a mouse pad and designed to measure mouse-click-pressure and click-press-to-release-time responses by... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

IL-13 hits the gym
(Source: ScienceNOW)
Source: ScienceNOW - April 30, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Scanlon, S. T. Tags: Physiology twis Source Type: news

Interleukin-13 drives metabolic conditioning of muscle to endurance exercise
Repeated bouts of exercise condition muscle mitochondria to meet increased energy demand—an adaptive response associated with improved metabolic fitness. We found that the type 2 cytokine interleukin-13 (IL-13) is induced in exercising muscle, where it orchestrates metabolic reprogramming that preserves glycogen in favor of fatty acid oxidation and mitochondrial respiration. Exercise training–mediated mitochondrial biogenesis, running endurance, and beneficial glycemic effects were lost in Il13–/– mice. By contrast, enhanced muscle IL-13 signaling was sufficient to increase running distance, glucose...
Source: ScienceNOW - April 30, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Knudsen, N. H., Stanya, K. J., Hyde, A. L., Chalom, M. M., Alexander, R. K., Liou, Y.-H., Starost, K. A., Gangl, M. R., Jacobi, D., Liu, S., Sopariwala, D. H., Fonseca-Pereira, D., Li, J., Hu, F. B., Garrett, W. S., Narkar, V. A., Ortlund, E. A., Kim, J. Tags: Online Only, Physiology r-articles Source Type: news