Sport courage, worry and fear in relation to success of alpine ski learning - Cigrovski V, Radman I, Konter E, O čić M, Ruzic L.
(1) Background: Individuals' psychological traits can influence not just success in sport but also the ability to learn new motor skills. We investigated whether sport courage, worry and fear differ between alpine ski-naive and basic level skiers and how t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Source-based morphometry reveals gray matter differences related to suicidal behavior in criminal offenders - Harenski CL, Harenski KA, Calhoun VD, Kiehl KA.
We examined the association bet... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Evaluating the Swedish approach to motivating improved work safety conditions on farms: insights from fear appeals and the extended parallel processing model - Alwall Svennefelt C, Hunter E, Lundqvist P.
Farm work safety intervention programs based on educating and informing have been criticized for not demonstrably improving work safety. We argue that these criticisms are misplaced and that the problem with educating and informing lies not necessarily in ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The effect of virtual reality-based balance training on motor learning and postural control in healthy adults: a randomized preliminary study - Prasertsakul T, Kaimuk P, Chinjenpradit W, Limroongreungrat W, Charoensuk W.
BACKGROUND: Adults with sedentary lifestyles seem to face a higher risk of falling in their later years. Several causes, such as impairment of strength, coordination, and cognitive function, influence worsening health conditions, including balancing abilit... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Built environmental impacts on individual mode choice and BMI: evidence from China - Sun B, Yan H, Zhang T.
Using data from China Family Panel Studies (CFPS), this paper examines the impacts of the built environment on individual BMI and the risk of overweight, directly and indirectly mediated by mode choice with structural equation model (SEM). The results sugg... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Horwitz Prize awarded for work on hormones
(Columbia University Irving Medical Center) Columbia University awards the 2018 Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize to Pierre Chambon, Ronald M. Evans, and Bert W. O'Malley for their research--spanning over 50 years--decoding how steroid hormones and nuclear receptors regulate cell function. This work has transformed our understanding of human physiology and disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - September 21, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Use of functional movement screen scores to predict dynamic balance in physically active men and women - Scudamore EM, Stevens SL, Fuller DK, Coons JM, Morgan DW.
The primary focus of this study was to determine whether scores obtained from the Functional Movement Screen (FMS) can predict dynamic balance in young, healthy adults. Thirty-four physically active participants completed the FMS, and balance was assessed ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Children are not like other loads: a cross-cultural perspective on the influence of burdens and companionship on human walking - Bouterse L, Wall-Scheffler C.
A major portion of humans' activity-based energy expenditure is taken up by locomotion, particularly walking. Walking behaviors have energetic outcomes and as such can be important windows into how populations and groups adjust to different environmental a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Awareness and perceptions of ergonomic programs between workers and managers surveyed in the construction industry - Sneller TN, Choi SD, Ahn K.
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal injuries and disorders (WMSDs) are among the most frequently reported causes of lost or restricted work time in the construction industry. Ergonomics is still a relatively new theme for the construction industry. Un... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Intestines modify their cellular structure in response to diet
(Carnegie Institution for Science) Body organs such as the intestine and ovaries undergo structural changes in response to dietary nutrients that can have lasting impacts on metabolism, as well as cancer susceptibility, according to Carnegie's Rebecca Obniski, Matthew Sieber, and Allan Spradling. 'Children born to malnourished mothers often struggle with obesity later in life and our findings could explain the physiology of why that happens,' Obniski explained. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - September 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Crunched for time? High-intensity exercise = same cell benefits in fewer minutes
(American Physiological Society) A few minutes of high-intensity interval or sprinting exercise may be as effective as much longer exercise sessions in spurring beneficial improvements in mitochondrial function, according to new research. The small study is published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology -- Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - September 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Exposure to synthetic vitamins during periods of rapid growth damages children’s hormones, impacting immunity, development
(Natural News) Everyone wants the best for their children, but dosing them with synthetic vitamins early in life may be doing them more harm than good, a study in the journal Physiology International reported. In the paper, György Csaba of Semmelweis University in Hungary revealed that exposure to synthetic lipid-soluble vitamins could adversely affect multiple organ systems later in... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - September 20, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Multi-system balance training reduces injurious fall risk in Parkinson's disease - A randomized trial - Wong-Yu ISK, Mak MKY.
The objective of present study was to determine whether multi-system bala... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Snooker in the live cell
(Umea University) The spatial and temporal dynamics of proteins or organelles plays a crucial role in controlling various cellular processes and in development of diseases. Yet, acute control of activity at distinct locations within a cell cannot be achieved. In the journal Angewandte Chemie, scientists from Ume å University (Sweden) and the Max Planck Institute of Molecular Physiology (Germany) present a new chemo-optogenetic method that enables tunable, reversible, and rapid control of activity at multiple subcellular compartments within a living cell. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - September 19, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

UA physiology researcher continues studies on nicotine exposure during pregnancy
(University of Arizona Health Sciences) Although the numbers of nicotine patch and electronic cigarette users during pregnancy are increasing, new research suggests the use of nicotine-replacement therapy is an unsafe alternative to cigarettes. This five-year NIH grant will allow UA physiology researcher Dr. Ralph Fregosi to continue his studies on the short- and long-term developmental risks of nicotine exposure to pre- and post-natal health. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - September 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The association between musculoskeletal disorders and driver behaviors among professional drivers in China - Feng Z, Zhan J, Wang C, Ma C, Huang Z.
The main objective of this study is to explore correlations between the severity of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and aberrant driving behaviors among professional taxi drivers. Questionnaires were administered to 162 taxi drivers in a Chinese city. Dri... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Risk factors for traumatic dental injuries in the Brazilian population: a critical review - Soares TRC, Magno MB, Jural LA, Loureiro JM, Chianca TK, de Andrade Risso P, Maia LC.
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Strategies for the prevention of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) should consider the risk factors involved for each population studied. The aim of this study was to perform a critical review regarding the risk factors for TDI in the Brazil... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

UCLA scientist gives couple hope while searching for a cure for paralysis
If you think listening to a paralyzed, blind man discuss his life does not sound uplifting, meet Mark Pollock. Social psychologist Amy Cuddy, whose TED talk about body language has nearly  15 million views, describes the new talk by Pollock and his partner, human rights lawyer, Simone George, as “the most powerful, moving talk I have ever seen at TED.”Pollock lost his vision at 22 and became paralyzed after an accident at 39 that left him, in his words, “on the very edge of survival.” You certainly wouldn’t know that seeing him now in this talk, titled “A love letter to realism...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - September 13, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Effectiveness of multicomponent lower extremity injury prevention programmes in team-sport athletes: an umbrella review - Brunner R, Friesenbichler B, Casartelli NC, Bizzini M, Maffiuletti NA, Niedermann K.
OBJECTIVE: To identify which exercise combinations are most effective as part of a lower extremity injury prevention programme for team-sport athletes. DESIGN: Umbrella review. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Accuracy of height estimation among bystanders - Carey S, Carr M, Ferdous K, Moffa GM, Axelband J, Quazi S.
INTRODUCTION: High-risk mechanisms in trauma usually dictate certain treatment and evaluation in protocolized care. A 10-15 feet (ft) fall is traditionally cited as an example of a high-risk mechanism, triggering trauma team activations and costly work-ups... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Obesity alters airway muscle function, increases Asthma risk
(American Physiological Society) New research suggests that obesity changes how airway muscles function, increasing the risk of developing asthma. The study is published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology--Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - September 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The Placebo Effect Is Real, and Scientists May Be Able To Predict Who Responds
It’s well-established that placebo treatments, such as sugar pills, can prompt real reductions in symptoms for patients. But scientists have long struggled to understand exactly how the placebo effect works, and for whom. A small new study published in Nature Communications found that when some people with chronic back pain took a placebo sugar pill, their pain was reduced about as effectively as it would have been with pain medication. But the more novel finding, researchers say, is that people with certain traits reliably responded better to placebos than others — which could someday have significant implicat...
Source: TIME: Health - September 12, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jamie Ducharme Tags: Uncategorized healthytime Innovation Health Research Source Type: news

Walking balance on a treadmill changes during pregnancy - Flores D, Connolly CP, Campbell N, Catena RD.
BACKGROUND: Altered standing balance during pregnancy has been previously reported. To date, body center of mass (bCOM) motion has not been used to track balance changes in this population. We recently compared three methods to determine the torso center o... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Treadmill-based gait-slip training with reduced training volume could still prevent slip-related falls - Yang F, Cereceres P, Qiao M.
BACKGROUND: Treadmill-based gait-slip training shows to be effective in reducing the risk of slip-related falls. In previous relevant studies, the number of repeated slip perturbations ranged from 12 to 30. RESEARCH QUESTION: It is unclear if a reduced num... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Analysis of water polo injuries during 8904 player matches at FINA World Championships and Olympic games to make the sport safer - Mountjoy M, Miller J, Junge A.
OBJECTIVE: To analyse injuries of water polo players reported during four Summer Olympic Games (2004, 2008, 2012, 2016) and four Federation Internationale de Natation World Championships (2009, 2013, 2015, 2017). METHODS: Injuries during training a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Low fitness may indicate poor arterial health in adolescents
(University of Jyv ä skyl ä - Jyv ä skyl ä n yliopisto) A recent Finnish study conducted at the University of Jyv ä skyl ä showed that adolescents with better aerobic fitness have more compliant arteries than their lower fit peers do. The study also suggests that a higher anaerobic threshold is linked to better arterial health. The results were published in the European Journal of Applied Physiology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - September 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Relative risk and clinical severity assessment in patients with non-oral route organophosphate poisoning compared with oral route poisoning - Jung WJ, Yu MH, Lee Y, Kim H, Cha YS, Park KH.
PURPOSE: Organophosphates, commonly used in agricultural pesticides, pose high risks and incidences of poisoning. In the present study, we investigated the relative risk and clinical severity, including laboratory results, of non-oral route poisoning (NORP... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Impact of vascular disease, amputation level, and the mismatch between balance ability and balance confidence in a cross sectional study of the likelihood of falls among people with limb loss: perception versus reality - Wong CK, Chihuri ST.
OBJECTIVE: Investigate impact of balance ability, Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC), and other self-reported and clinical factors on incidence of falls among people with lower-limb loss. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study (N=305) with multiva... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Effect of toe joint stiffness and toe shape on walking biomechanics - Honert EC, Bastas G, Zelik KE.
During typical human walking, the metatarsophalangeal joints undergo flexion/extension, which we term toe joint articulation. This toe joint articulation impacts locomotor performance, as evidenced by prior studies on prostheses, footwear, sports and human... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Effect of personality traits on driving style: Psychometric adaption of the multidimensional driving style inventory in a Chinese sample - Wang Y, Qu W, Ge Y, Sun X, Zhang K.
This study aims to develop... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Balance changes in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis: a pilot study comparing the dynamics of the relapse and remitting phases - Findling O, Rust H, Yaldizli O, Timmermans DPH, Scheltinga A, Allum JHJ.
Aims: To compare balance changes over time during the relapse phase of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) with balance control during the remitting phase. Methods: Balance control during stance and gait tasks of 24 remitting-phase ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Association between resting-state brain functional connectivity and cortisol levels in unmedicated major depressive disorder - Wang Y, Chen G, Zhong S, Jia Y, Xia L, Lai S, Zhao L, Huang L, Liu T.
Disturbed hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis function, which leads to excessive and prolonged hypercortisolemia, is a core feature of major depressive disorder (MDD). However, the relationships between depression, brain structure and function, and cortiso... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Anxiety independently contributes to severity of freezing of gait in people with Parkinson's disease - Pimenta M, Moreira D, Nogueira T, Silva C, Pinto EB, Valen ça GT, Almeida LRS.
Freezing of gait is a disabling feature of Parkinson's disease, and it has been shown that nonmotor symptoms, such as anxiety and cognitive impairment, may be involved in the pathophysiology of the phenomenon. However, the association between freezing of g... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The neural mechanisms of sexually dimorphic aggressive behaviors - Hashikawa K, Hashikawa Y, Lischinsky J, Lin D.
Aggression is a fundamental social behavior that is essential for competing for resources and protecting oneself and families in both males and females. As a result of natural selection, aggression is often displayed differentially between the sexes, typic... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Sex differences in the neural correlates of aggression - Repple J, Habel U, Wagels L, Pawliczek CM, Schneider F, Kohn N.
Although sex differences in aggression have been investigated for decades, little is known about the underlying neurobiology of this phenomenon. To address this gap, the present study implemented a social reactive aggression paradigm in 20 women and 22 men... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Probiotics reduce risk-taking behavior in the Elevated Plus Maze in the Flinders Sensitive Line rat model of depression - Tillmann S, Wegener G.
Several studies have reported beneficial effects of probiotics on behavior and stress in humans and animals. The multi-strain probiotic product Ecologic ® Barrier has shown antidepressant-like effects in rats when given in combination with high-fat diet. T... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Gain control explains the effect of distraction in human perceptual, cognitive, and economic decision making - Li V, Michael E, Balaguer J, Herce Casta ñón S, Summerfield C.
When making decisions, humans are often distracted by irrelevant information. Distraction has a different impact on perceptual, cognitive, and value-guided choices, giving rise to well-described behavioral phenomena such as the tilt illusion, conflict adap... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A sequential trial effect based on the motor interference effect from dangerous objects: an ERP study - Liu P, Wang X, Cao G, Li J, Zhang J, Cao R.
This study aims to investigate whether processing a prepared response toward a dangerous object in a previous trial influences subsequent trial processing. METHODS: The design manipulated the Go/NoGo factor of the current trial, the t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Brain ’s support cells may play a central role in repetitive behaviors related to OCD
Repetitive behavior disorders are relatively common. One of the best known in this family is obsessive compulsive disorder, or OCD, which affects more than2 percent of the U.S. population. Existing treatments, often medications, may not bring adequate relief for about half of those with the disorder.UCLA researchers have uncovered some of the basic brain mechanisms behind repetitive behavior, which may ultimately lead to new ways to treat psychiatric disorders, including OCD, at their root.The study, published in the journal  Neuron, was led by Baljit Khakh, professor of physiology and neurobiology at UCLA.Khakh and h...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - September 7, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Timing matters: traffic noise accelerates telomere loss rate differently across developmental stages - Dorado-Correa AM, Zollinger SA, Heidinger B, Brumm H.
BACKGROUND: Noise pollution is one of the leading environmental health risks for humans, linked to a myriad of stress-related health problems. Yet little is known about the long-term effects of noise on the health and fitness of wildlife. We experimentally... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The fragile yellow jersey: bone health in cyclists - van de Wiel A, Verstappen P.
Although cycling has positive health effects, including improvement of cardiovascular fitness, it does not have a favourable effect on bone health. In professional cyclists, the bone mineral density (BMD) will actually have decreased at the end of an inten... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Lower-limb muscle strength, static and dynamic postural stabilities, risk of falling and fear of falling in polio survivors and healthy subjects - Galv ão TS, Magalhães Júnior ES, Orsini Neves MA, de Sá Ferreira A.
This study investigated the association between preserved lower-limb muscle strength, dynamic and static postural stability, risk of falling, and fear of falling in polio survivors. We also investigated whether these clinical features differ ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Changes in cerebral oxyhaemoglobin levels during and after a single 20-minute bout of moderate-intensity cycling - Tsubaki A, Morishita S, Tokunaga Y, Sato D, Tamaki H, Yamazaki Y, Qin W, Onishi H.
Aerobic exercise produces changes in cerebral oxyhaemoglobin (O2Hb) concentration; however, the effects of exercise on O2Hb during the post-exercise period remain to be established. The aim of the present study was to evaluate O2... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Losing just six hours of sleep could increase diabetes risk, study finds
(American Physiological Society) Losing a single night's sleep may affect the liver's ability to produce glucose and process insulin, increasing the risk of metabolic diseases such as hepatic steatosis (fatty liver) and type 2 diabetes. The findings of the mouse study are published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology--Endocrinology and Metabolism. The research was chosen as an APSselect article for September. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - September 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Webb receives top honor from AHA Council on Hypertension
(Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University) Dr. R. Clinton Webb, Herbert S. Kupperman Chair in Cardiovascular Disease in the Department of Physiology at the Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University, has been selected for the top award from the American Heart Association's Council on Hypertension. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - September 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

NAS/NAM Member and NAS Foreign Associate Share 2018 Nobel Prize in Medicine
NAS/NAM member James P. Allison and NAS foreign associate Tasuku Honjo together have won the 2018 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine"for their discovery of cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation." (Source: News from the National Academies)
Source: News from the National Academies - September 3, 2018 Category: Science Source Type: news

More than a habit: The formerly obese have increased hunger hormones for two years after dramatic weight loss
(Natural News) Severely obese individuals have more hunger hormones for two years after dramatic weight loss, a study published in the American Journal of Physiology-Endocrinology and Metabolism discovered. The study was carried out by a team of researchers from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology who looked at the impact, both short- and long-term,... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - September 3, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

The unfolding action model of initiation times, movement times, and movement paths - Calderon CB, Gevers W, Verguts T.
Converging evidence has led to a consensus in favor of computational models of behavior implementing continuous information flow and parallel processing between cognitive processing stages. Yet, such models still typically implement a discrete step between... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Muscle Master: Angela Dulhunty
Having pioneered the study of muscle physiology in mammals, she uncovered how ion channels enable muscle movement. (Source: The Scientist)
Source: The Scientist - September 1, 2018 Category: Science Tags: Profile Magazine Issue Source Type: news

Sports related repetitive head trauma: a novel cause of pituitary dysfunction - Sezgin Caglar A, Tanriverdi F, Karaca Z, Unluhizarci K, Kelestimur F.
Traumatic brain injury is one of the major causes of disability and death particularly in young population. Recent clinical studies have demonstrated that traumatic brain injury induced pituitary dysfunction occurs more frequently than previously estimated... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news