MDPV-induced aggression in humans not established - O'Malley KY, Medina-Kirchner C.
We read with interest the article by De-Giogio et al. [1] investigating the acute and repeated administration of 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) on aggressive responding in mice. This is an important issue because MDPV is one of the synthetic cath... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

How much time is needed between serial "return to play" assessments to achieve clinically important strength gains in patients recovering from anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction? - Bodkin SG, Rutherford MH, Diduch DR, Brockmeier SF, Hart JM.
BACKGROUND: Pass rates for return-to-play evaluations are alarmingly low for patients after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Since timing of return to play is a complicated decision, it is important that patients be given optimal time to r... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Fall determinants in the adult Portuguese: do chronic conditions change the risk of falling? - Marques AJ, Rodrigues A, Dias S, Canh ão H, Branco J, Vaz C.
This study aimed to (1) characterize fallers in the adult Portuguese population as well as (2) identify if some chronic conditions are fall determinants. MATERIAL AN... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Evaluating rider steering responses to an unexpected collision hazard using a motorcycle riding simulator - Nugent M, Savino G, Mulvihill C, Lenn é M, Fitzharris M.
Motorcycle rider steer responses to unexpected collision emergencies have not been studied experimentally. We used a motorcycle simulator with elastic steer mechanism and modified car driving model to simulate the input-output counter steering response of ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Could affect regulation via vagal nerve self- stimulation be a maintaining factor in non-suicidal self-harm? - van Hoorn AC.
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a serious and common phenomenon which has been linked with emotion or affect regulation. The capacity for top-down emotion regulation has also been linked to vagal tone. Vagal tone is known to be low in groups... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A review of the prevalence of psychosis in sexual homicide - Lam AA, Penney SR, Simpson AIF.
The objective of this review was to estimate the prevalence of psychosis ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of blue wavelength light exposure on sleep and recovery of brain structure, function, and cognition following mild traumatic brain injury - Killgore WDS, Vanuk JR, Shane BR, Weber M, Bajaj S.
Sleep and circadian rhythms are among the most powerful but least understood contributors to cognitive performance and brain health. Here we capitalize on the circadian resetting effect of blue-wavelength light to phase shift the sleep patterns of adult pa... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Cervical spine motion during vehicle extrication of healthy volunteers - Gabrieli A, Nardello F, Geronazzo M, Marchetti P, Liberto A, Arcozzi D, Polati E, Cesari P, Zamparo P.
Objective: Prehospital spinal motion restriction as a prevention technique for secondary neurological injury is a key principle in emergency medicine. Our aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of different cervical spinal cord motion restriction tec... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Biomechanical effects of shoe gear on the lower extremity - Spencer S.
The information gleaned from kinetic and kinematic studies on foot function and gait in relation to shoes can be applied clinically after considering the key findings of the research discussed in this article. These studies demonstrate the events of the ga... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Is it safe to drive after oral surgery? - Laimer J, Bruckmoser E, Leitner B, G öbel G, Neururer SB, Frech A, Schnabl D, Steiner R, Haid C, Moroder L, Liebensteiner M.
OBJECTIVES: Driving ability largely depends on the total brake response time (TBRT) corresponding to the time a subject needs to react to a stimulus and apply a well-defined force on the brake pedal. As yet, the English literature completely lacks clinical... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Throws of death: traumatic coronary artery dissection resulting from jiu jitsu training - Haywood ST, Patel K, Gallo D, Silver K, Jouriles N.
BACKGROUND: The risk of cardiac injury in blunt thoracic trauma is quite rare, occurring in only 0.1% of patients. The least common cardiac injury is coronary artery dissection. Most cardiac injuries result from high-energy mechanisms such as motor vehicle... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

A 57-year-old woman with progressive left hand clumsiness and falls - Paramanandam V, Olszewska DA, Shakya B, Chalissery AJ, O'Connell M, Farrell M, Lynch T.
CLINICAL HISTORY: A 57-year old woman presented with left hand pain, periodic leg movement during sleep, gradual onset of stiffness, clumsiness, and falls. Neurological examination showed: generalized rigidity and bradykinesia. There was left hand dystonic... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Test-retest reliability of stability outcome measures during treadmill walking in patients with balance problems and healthy controls - de Jong LAF, van Dijsseldonk RB, Keijsers NLW, Groen BE.
BACKGROUND: Improvement of balance control is an important rehabilitation goal for patients with motor and sensory impairments. To quantify balance control during walking, various stability outcome measures have described differences between healthy contro... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Sensory cortical control of movement - Karadimas SK, Satkunendrarajah K, Laliberte AM, Ringuette D, Weisspapir I, Li L, Gosgnach S, Fehlings MG.
Walking in our complex environment requires continual higher order integrated spatiotemporal information. This information is processed in the somatosensory cortex, and it has long been presumed that it influences movement via descending tracts originating... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Pelvic movements during walking throughout gestation - the relationship between morphology and kinematic parameters - Forczek W, Ivanenko Y, Salamaga M, Sylos-Labini F, Fr ączek B, Masłoń A, Curyło M, Suder A.
BACKGROUND: Many researchers emphasize adaptations following pregnancy. Our purpose was to get more insight into how morphology interacts with the pelvic walking pattern - the segment most prone to the adaptation following altered body demands. MET... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Instrumental assessment of balance and gait in depression: a systematic review - Belvederi Murri M, Triolo F, Coni A, Tacconi C, Nerozzi E, Escelsior A, Respino M, Neviani F, Bertolotti M, Bertakis K, Chiari L, Zanetidou S, Amore M.
Psychomotor symptoms of depression are understudied despite having a severe impact on patient outcomes. This review aims to summarize the evidence on motor features of depression assessed with instrumental procedures, and examine age-related differences. ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Effect of perampanel on aggression in patients with refractory focal epilepsy: a 6-month longitudinal study - Lee SA, Jeon JY, Kim HW.
PURPOSE: Clinical trials have demonstrated the efficacy of perampanel for the treatment of epilepsy. However, patients treated with this and other antiepileptic drugs often exhibit aggressive behaviors. We investigated the clinical factors contributing to ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Geffen School of Medicine honors doctor for his groundbreaking research on immune response
In recognition of his groundbreaking work on the mechanisms underlying the cellular response to infection, Dr. Zhijian “James” Chen of the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas has received the 2019 Switzer Prize awarded by the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA.At the prize ceremony on the UCLA campus, during which Chen delivered a lecture about his research focused on the role of DNA in triggering immune defense and autoimmune diseases, the scientist said he was honored to receive the award and then joked that “to this day, I still don’t know who nominated me.”C...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - November 21, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Prefrontal cortex alterations in glia gene expression in schizophrenia with and without suicide - Zhang L, Verwer RWH, Lucassen PJ, Huitinga I, Swaab DF.
BACKGROUND: Patients with schizophrenia (SCZ) run a lifelong risk of suicide. Alterations in glia activities in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) have been reported in relation to suicide in patients with SCZ. While immune processes in the CNS have been related ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Increasing access to transit: localized mobile information - Steinfeld A, Bloomfield L, Amick S, Huang Y, Odom W, Yang Q, Zimmerman J.
While several studies note the challenges that people with disabilities face when using public transit, little work has investigated how mobile transit information apps affect accessibility. To address this gap, we recruited transit riders who are blind, w... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Vestibular exercises as a fall prevention strategy in patients with cognitive impairment - Varriano B, Sulway S, Wetmore C, Dillon W, Misquitta K, Multani N, Anor C, Mart ínez M, Cacchione E, Rutka J, Tartaglia MC.
Vestibular impairment (VI) and cognitive impairment (CI) are risk factors for senior falls. We tested the feasibility of a self-directed 12-week vestibular rehabilitation (VR) program in Memory Clinic patients (65 years+) with a fall, CI and VI. We assesse... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The Veterans Affairs Neuropathy Scale: a reliable, remote polyneuropathy exam - Wilson AM, Ong MK, Saliba D, Jamal NI.
Introduction: Polyneuropathy (PN) complaints are common, prompting many referrals for neurologic evaluation. To improve access of PN care in distant community clinics, we developed a telemedicine service (patient-clinician interactions using real-ti... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Balance, risk of falls, risk factors and fall-related costs in individuals with diabetes - Rinkel WD, van Nieuwkasteele S, Castro Cabezas M, van Neck JW, Birnie E, Henk Coert J.
AIMS: Sensory loss and impaired balance are considered risk factors of incident falls. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between degree of foot sensation and balance, risk of falls, incidence of fall-related injuries and costs in a cohor... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Relationship between bullet diameter and bullet defect diameter in human calvariums - Kerkhoff W, Mattijssen EJAT, Zwanenburg EA, Oostra RJ.
Existing literature on the relationship between bullet diameter and bullet defect diameter in the human calvarium is summarized and discussed. The hypothesis, derived from the literature, that bullet deformation influences bullet defect diameter was studie... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Lifespan data on postural balance in multiple standing positions - Riis J, Eika F, Blomkvist AW, Rahbek MT, Eikhof KD, Hansen MD, S øndergaard M, Ryg J, Andersen S, Jorgensen MG.
BACKGROUND: Maintaining balance is important throughout life. The Nintendo Wii Balance Board (WBB) can give reliable quantitative measures of postural balance, but reference data are lacking. Furthermore, one-leg standing balance across the adult lifespan ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Visual event-related potentials in external emotional conditions in bipolar disorders I and II - Zhang B, Jia Y, Wang C, Shao X, Wang W.
This study aimed to explore the eff... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Towards the objective assessment of suicidal states: some neurocognitive deficits may be temporally related to suicide attempt - Interian A, Myers CE, Chesin MS, Kline A, Hill LS, King AR, Miller R, Latorre M, Gara MA, Stanley BH, Keilp JG.
Neurocognitive detection of suicidal states has the potential to significantly advance objective risk assessment. This goal requires establishing that neurocognitive deficits fluctuate around the time of a suicide attempt. The current study therefore evalu... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Risk-taking behavior, the second-to-fourth digit ratio and psychological features in a sample of cavers - Rinella S, Buscemi A, Massimino S, Perciavalle V, Tortorici MM, Tomaselli DG, Perciavalle V, Di Corrado D, Coco M.
BACKGROUND: The risk-taking behavior is largely modulated by the subject's history, its lifestyles, by the characteristics of the situations with which it is compared, and also by the effects of prenatal androgens. Thus, the personality of the single perso... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Risk factors for depression in adults: NR3C1 DNA methylation and lifestyle association - Bor çoi AR, Mendes SO, Gasparini Dos Santos J, Mota de Oliveira M, Moreno IAA, Freitas FV, Pinheiro JA, Arpini JK, Cunha ER, Archanjo AB, Evangelista Monteiro de Assis AL, Sorroche BP, Rebolho Batista Arantes LM, Borloti E, Álvares-da-Silva AM.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to verify determinant factors for depression and analyze the relationship between possible changes in HPA axis and depression, in this case NR3C1 DNA methylation and serum cortisol levels. METHODS: 349 adult vol... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Elevated expression of unfolded protein response genes in the prefrontal cortex of depressed subjects: effect of suicide - Yoshino Y, Dwivedi Y.
BACKGROUND: Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a leading cause of mental disability worldwide. Despite many studies, the pathophysiology associated with MDD brain is not very clear. It is reported that cellular stress is related to depressive symptoms. Und... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Effects of visual feedback training using transient Fresnel prism glasses on balance ability in stroke patients without hemispatial neglect - Ha SY, Kim SY, Sung YH.
The center of mass of the body in patients with stroke was oriented toward the nonparetic side. Abnormal weight shift increases the risk of falls. Therefore, many therapists make an effort to help their functional recovery through balance training. Our aim... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Effect of a pedometer-based, 24-week walking intervention on depression and acculturative stress among migrant women workers - Kim Y, Lee YM, Cho M, Lee H.
Little research has examined exercise-based interventions meant to alleviate depressive symptoms among Korean-Chinese migrant women workers living in Korea. Thus, this study evaluated the effectiveness of a 24-week walking program on reducing depressive sy... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Clearing damaged cells out of the body helps heal diabetics' blood vessels
(The Physiological Society) Research published today in Experimental Physiology shows that ramping up one of the body's waste disposal system, called autophagy, helps heal the blood vessels of diabetics. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - November 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Towards a wearable system for predicting the freezing of gait in people affected by Parkinson's disease - Demrozi F, Bacchin R, Tamburin S, Cristani M, Pravadelli G.
Some wearable solutions exploiting on-body acceleration sensors have been proposed to recognize Freezing of Gait (FoG) in people affected by Parkinson Disease (PD). Once a FoG event is detected, these systems generate a sequence of rhythmic stimuli to allo... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The visual search patterns of drivers with autism spectrum disorders in complex driving scenarios - Ting Chee DY, Yeung Lee HC, Patomella AH, Falkmer T.
Background Driving is a highly demanding task which presents itself with various unpredictable and potentially hazardous situations. The failure to visually scan the driving environment and strategically search for potential road hazards, can be considere... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The epidemiology of injuries in adult amateur rowers: a cross-sectional study - Finlay C, Dobbin N, Jones G.
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence, nature and factors associated with injury among adult amateur rowers. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. SETTING: UK-based amateur rowing clubs. PARTICIPANTS: 160 amateur rowers. MAIN OUTCOME MEA... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The effects of nutrients and neurotoxicants on aggressive behavior - Zaalberg A.
In theories on crime, the importance of historical, economical, so- ciological and psychosocial determinants is often emphasized. Some scholars (Eisner, 2001; Pinker, 2011) place the declining rates in violent offences over the last half millennium in t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The effect of personal protective equipment on firefighter occupational performance - Lesniak AY, Bergstrom HC, Clasey JL, Stromberg AJ, Abel MG.
Lesniak, AY, Bergstrom, HC, Clasey, JL, Stromberg, AJ, and Abel, MG. The effect of personal protective equipment on firefighter occupational performance. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of load... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Spatial and temporal pattern of ischemia and abnormal vascular function following traumatic brain injury - Launey Y, Fryer TD, Hong YT, Steiner LA, Nortje J, Veenith TV, Hutchinson PJ, Ercole A, Gupta AK, Aigbirhio FI, Pickard JD, Coles JP, Menon DK.
IMPORTANCE: Ischemia is an important pathophysiological mechanism after traumatic brain injury (TBI), but its incidence and spatiotemporal patterns are poorly characterized. OBJECTIVE: To comprehensively characterize the spatiotemporal changes in c... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Kinematic analysis of postural stability during ballet turns (
Turning is an important but difficult movement, often performed in ballet choreography. Understanding the postural sway during ballet turns is beneficial to both dancers and dance teachers alike. Accordingly, this study evaluated the postural sway angle du... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Hippocampal volume and cell number in depression, schizophrenia, and suicide subjects - Chen F, Bertelsen AB, Holm IE, Nyengaard JR, Rosenberg R, Dorph-Petersen KA.
Many studies suggest that the hippocampus is involved in the pathophysiology of psychiatric disorders, especially major depressive disorder (MDD) and schizophrenia. Especially, in vivo imaging studies indicate that the volume of hippocampus may be reduced ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Finger and shoulder injuries in rock climbing - Sch öffl V, Simon M, Lutter C.
BACKGROUND: Sport climbing is rapidly becoming a popular trend sport, which has resulted in a  surge of climbing-specific injuries. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this paper is to delineate the incidence of climbing-specific injuries focusing on finger an... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Elevated serum levels of inflammation-related cytokines in mild traumatic brain injury are associated with cognitive performance - Sun Y, Bai L, Niu X, Wang Z, Yin B, Bai G, Zhang D, Gan S, Sun C, Wang S, Zhu F, Zhang M.
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is the most common neurological insult and leads to long-lasting cognitive impairments. The immune system modulates brain functions and plays a key role in cognitive deficits, however, the relationship between TBI-induced... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Effectiveness of a bicycle skills training intervention on increasing bicycling and confidence: a longitudinal quasi-experimental study - Sersli S, Scott N, Winters M.
Background Bicycling shows potential for addressing both health and transportation challenges. One strategy to encourage more people to bicycle is skills training courses; however, there is limited evidence for their effectiveness, especially longer-term.... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Arrow entrance wounds with blackened margins simulating bullet wipe - Giorgetti A, Perdekamp MG, Mierdel K, Thoma V, Pollak S, Geisenberger D.
Crossbows are ancient distance weapons, which in modern times have been largely replaced by guns. Nowadays, they are used for target shooting and in some countries also for hunting. Bolts/arrows fired from a crossbow have a rather low initial velocity but ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

An early warning system for diabetic automobile drivers with peripheral neuropathy - Esparza J, Gudimetla P, De Silva S, Unsworth CA.
Purpose: People with Type 2 diabetes exhibit peripheral neuropathy that results in the progressive loss of sensation in their feet. This may adversely affect their ability to drive as there is the potential for their foot to slip off the accelerator... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Accelerated extrinsic epigenetic aging and increased natural killer cells in blood of suicide completers - Okazaki S, Otsuka I, Horai T, Hirata T, Takahashi M, Ueno Y, Boku S, Sora I, Hishimoto A.
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest aberrant DNA methylation in victims of suicide. Recently, DNA methylation profiles have been developed for determining "epigenetic age," which is the most accurate estimate of biological age. Subsequently, two refined measures o... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Could synthetic molecules provide a general treatment for Cystic Fibrosis?
A new treatment for lung disease in cystic fibrosis (CF) for which there remains no cure could potentially benefit all patients, according to a University of Bristol study published in Chemical Science. The findings are an important step towards a new therapy addressing the fundamental cause of cystic fibrosis. (Source: University of Bristol news)
Source: University of Bristol news - November 14, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Health, Research; Faculty of Life Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences, School of Physiology, Pharmacology and Neuroscience, Faculty of Science, Faculty of Science, School of Chemistry; Press Release Source Type: news

Tuna carbon ratios reveal shift in food web
(Duke University) The ratio of carbon isotopes in three common species of tuna has changed substantially since 2000, suggesting major shifts are also taking place in the phytoplankton populations that form the basis of the ocean's food web, according to a new international study involving Duke University researchers. Much of the change occurring in phytoplankton physiology and species composition may be driven by increased ocean stratification, an impact of climate change, the study suggests. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - November 13, 2019 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Bionic pacemaker slows progression of heart failure
This study published in The Journal of Physiology today [Wednesday 13 November] holds great potential for designing more effective pacemakers in the future. (Source: University of Bristol news)
Source: University of Bristol news - November 13, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Health, International, Research; Faculty of Life Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences, School of Physiology, Pharmacology and Neuroscience, Institutes, Institutes, Bristol Heart Institute; Press Release Source Type: news