How inflammation affects the brain in depression: a review of functional and structural MRI studies - Han KM, Ham BJ.
This narrative review discusses how peripheral and central inflammation processes affect brain function and structure in depression, and reports on recent peripheral inflammatory marker-based functional and structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Model Shows Periodic MRIs Cost - Effective for Breast Cancer Screening
Screening with magnetic resonance imaging alone every four years cost - effective in women with extremely dense breasts (Source: The Doctors Lounge - Oncology)
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Oncology - October 5, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Family Medicine, Gynecology, Internal Medicine, Oncology, Radiology, Journal, Source Type: news

Cervical spine injuries in older patients with falls found on magnetic resonance imaging after computed tomography - Cushing CH, Holmes JF, Tyler KR.
In this study we aimed to determine the rate of traumatic abnormalities on cervical spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after a normal cervical spine computed tomography (CT) in older patients with ground-level falls. We hypothesized that ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Imaging associations of self-injurious behaviours amongst patients with borderline personality disorder: a mini-review - Dusi N, Bracco L, Bressi C, Delvecchio G, Brambilla P.
BACKGROUND: Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a severe and disabling psychiatric syndrome, frequently associated with self-injurious behaviours (SIB). In recent years, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) investigations have tried to identif... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 15, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Low-Field Portable MRI Detects Intracerebral Hemorrhage
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 1, 2021 -- Low-field portable magnetic resonance imaging (pMRI) has a sensitivity of 80.4 percent for detecting intracerebral hemorrhages (ICHs), according to a study published online Aug. 25 in Nature Communications. Mercy H.... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - September 1, 2021 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Stockholm3 Test May Aid Risk Prediction in Prostate Cancer Screening
TUESDAY, Aug. 31, 2021 -- The Stockholm3 test combined with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-targeted biopsy could detect clinically significant prostate cancer while decreasing overdetection, according to a study published online Aug. 12 in The... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - August 31, 2021 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Prospective study on resting state functional connectivity in adolescents with major depressive disorder after antidepressant treatment - Chi S, Song M, Lee JH, Ko M, Suh SI, Lee MS.
Recent advances in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have resulted in many studies on resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) in depressed patients. Previous studies have shown alterations between multiple brain areas, such as the prefronta... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Model Predicts False-Positives in Breast Cancer MRI Screen
TUESDAY, Aug. 17, 2021 -- For women with extremely dense breasts, prediction models based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings can reduce the false-positive first-round screening MRI rate, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - August 17, 2021 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

The relationship between driving behavior and the health condition of elderly drivers - Nishiuchi H, Park K, Hamada S.
This study analyzed the impact of the health condition of elderly drivers on their driving behavior. We obtained drive recorder data and health check data including cognitive function and magnetic resonance imaging data from drivers older than 70  years of... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

MRI-Enhanced Screening Strategy Noninferior for Prostate Cancer ​
MONDAY, July 12, 2021 -- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with targeted and standard biopsy for men with MRI results indicative of prostate cancer is noninferior to standard biopsy for identifying clinically significant prostate cancer, according to... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - July 12, 2021 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

'Tuning' for brain scanners
(DZNE - German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases) Experts in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at the DZNE are optimizing the operation of MRI scanners as part of an international research effort to enable visualization of finer details of the human brain. The project, called SCAIFIELD, is scheduled for three years and is funded under the aegis of the " EU Joint Programme - Neurodegenerative Disease Research (JPND) " . (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - July 12, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Prostate cancer screening using MRI may reduce overdiagnosis of the disease, study finds
Screening for prostate cancer using magnetic resonance imaging and targeted biopsies may reduce misdiagnoses of the disease by up to 50%, a study published Friday by the New England Journal of Medicine found. (Source: Health News - UPI.com)
Source: Health News - UPI.com - July 9, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

MRI can cut overdiagnoses in prostate-cancer screening by half
(Karolinska Institutet) Most countries have not introduced nationwide prostate-cancer screening, as current methods result in overdiagnoses and excessive and unnecessary biopsies. A new study by researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden, which is published in The New England Journal of Medicine, indicates that screening by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and targeted biopsies could potentially cut overdiagnoses by half. The results are presented today at the European Association of Urology Congress. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - July 9, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Retained metal fragments following esophageal button battery impaction - Yogev D, Lev-Tzion R, Ledder O, Orlanski-Meyer E, Zharkov E, Cytter-Kuint R.
Button battery (BB) impaction in the esophagus requires immediate endoscopic removal and meticulous follow-up, including serial cross-sectional imaging, preferably with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, BBs quickly degrade in the esophagus, and me... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Director of CU Cancer Center's Animal Imaging honored for contributions to the field
(University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus) Overseeing an array of state-of-the-art equipment dedicated to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), optical imaging, CT and PET, metabolomics, irradiation, and more, Serkova has, over the past 19 years, turned the CU resource into one of the most advanced animal imaging centers in the Rocky Mountain region. In May, she received a 2021 Senior Fellow Award of the International Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - July 8, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

What Problems are Ciliopathies Associated With?
Discussion Nephronophthisis (NPHP) one cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) usually occurring before age 30 years. NPHP is a non-motile ciliopathy affecting cellular sensing in the renal tubular epithelium. See To Learn More below. The incidence varies according to location with 1:1 million in the US but 1:50,000 in Finland. There are 3 subtypes: Infantile Occurs usually within 1 year of life Enlarged kidneys and severe hypertension In utero can have oligohydramnios problems such as pulmonary hypoplasia, facial dysmorphisms, limb contractures Extra-renal problems include congenital heart disease, liver fibrosis, recur...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - July 5, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

NIST-led study finds variations in quantitative MRI scanners' measurements
(National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)) Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is widely used in medicine to detect, diagnose and treat diseases such as cancer, while relying on experts' interpretation of images. Quantitative MRI, which obtains numerical measurements during the scans, can now potentially offer greater accuracy, repeatability and speed -- but rigorous quality control is needed for it to reach its full potential, according to a new study. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - June 30, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Functional connectivity in antipsychotic-treated and antipsychotic-naive patients with first-episode psychosis and low risk of self-harm or aggression: a secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial - Chopra S, Francey SM, O'Donoghue B, Sabaroedin K, Arnatkeviciute A, Cropley V, Nelson B, Graham J, Baldwin L, Tahtalian S, Yuen HP, Allott K, Alvarez-Jimenez M, Harrigan S, Pantelis C, Wood SJ, McGorry P, Fornito A.
IMPORTANCE: Altered functional connectivity (FC) is a common finding in resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) studies of people with psychosis, yet how FC disturbances evolve in the early stages of illness, and how antipsychotic tre... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 28, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

DUI: the drug use insights web server - Prince Z, Jha D, Singh R.
[SafetyLit note: Another initialism to confuse issues concerning the topic of ethanol impaired driving is used in this article. DWI (diffusion-weighted imaging is a type of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Here DUI doesn't refer tp "driving under the infl... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 28, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Mouse brain imaged from the microscopic to the macroscopic level
(University of Chicago Medical Center) Researchers at the University of Chicago and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory have leveraged existing advanced X-ray microscopy techniques to bridge the gap between MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) and electron microscopy imaging, providing a viable pipeline for multiscale whole brain imaging within the same brain. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - June 28, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Flavored e-cigarettes may affect the brain differently than non-flavored
(Penn State) Flavoring can change how the brain responds to e-cigarette aerosols that contain nicotine, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers. Andrea Hobkirk and her team used functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to understand how the brain's reward areas react to e-cigarette aerosol with and without flavor. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - June 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Magnetic resonance imaging findings following button battery ingestion - Grey NEO, Malone LDJ, Miller AL, Carroll HF, Khalaf RT, Kramer RE, Browne LP.
BACKGROUND: Lithium button battery ingestions have been increasing in frequency since the early 2000s and can develop severe and sometimes fatal complications from caustic injury even after rapid battery removal. To aid in clinical decision-making, we bega... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Effective connectivity analysis of brain activated regions during distracted driving - Choi MH, Jung JJ, Lee JH, Kim YJ, Kim KB, Kim HS, Yi JH, Chung SC.
This study aims to use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to assess the effective connectivity between the regions of the brain activated when driving and performing a secondary task (addition task). The subjects used an MR-compatible driving sim... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Association between injury mechanisms and magnetic resonance imaging findings in rectus femoris injuries in 105 professional football players - Geiss Santos RC, Van Hellemnondt F, Yamashiro E, Holtzhausen L, Serner A, Farooq A, Whiteley R, Tol JL.
OBJECTIVE: To describe the injury mechanism and its association with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) injury findings in acute rectus femoris injuries. DESIGN: Combined retrospective and prospective descriptive injury study. Retrospective cohort fr... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 1, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Fall with acute traumatic central cord syndrome in an older patient - Gana W, Acko U, Simionca D, Acko-Ohui E, Debacq C, Aidoud A, Foug ère B.
During hospitalization following a fall, an 85-year-old woman suffered upper limb motor impairments up to grade 4 according to the Medical Research Council scale. Cervical spine Magnetic Resonance Imaging revealed an intramedullary hypersignal on the sagit... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 28, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Magnetic resonance imaging of optic nerve and optic sheath hemorrhages in child abuse - Zuccoli G.
In abusive head trauma victims, optic nerves and optic sheath hemorrhages are commonly associated with retinal hemorrhages. Until now, optic nerve and optic nerve sheath hemorrhages related to abusive head trauma have been identified by exenteration and so... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 20, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Traumatic brain injury: a comparison of diffusion and volumetric magnetic resonance imaging measures - Bourke NJ, Yanez Lopez M, Jenkins PO, de Simoni S, Cole JH, Lally P, Mallas EJ, Zhang H, Sharp DJ.
Cognitive impairment after traumatic brain injury remains hard to predict. This is partly because axonal injury, which is of fundamental importance, is difficult to measure clinically. Advances in MRI allow axonal injury to be detected after traumatic brai... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: TBI Source Type: news

AI Model Detects Normal, Abnormal Findings on Brain MRI
THURSDAY, May 6, 2021 -- A deep learning model is feasible for differentiating normal or likely abnormal brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), according to a study published online April 21 in Radiology: Artificial Intelligence. Romane Gauriau,... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - May 6, 2021 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

New imaging technique captures how brain moves in stunning detail, holds diagnostic potential
(Stevens Institute of Technology) Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) images are usually meant to be static. But now, researchers from Mātai Medical Research Institute (Mātai), Stevens Institute of Technology, Stanford University, the University of Auckland and other institutions, report on an imaging technique that captures the brain in motion in real time, in 3D and in stunning detail, providing a potential diagnostic tool for detecting difficult-to-spot conditions such as obstructive brain disorders and aneurysms - before they become life threatening. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - May 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Whole-body MR imaging in suspected physical child abuse: comparison with skeletal survey and bone scintigraphy findings from the PEDIMA prospective multicentre study - Proisy M, Vivier PH, Morel B, Bruneau B, Sembely-Taveau C, Vacheresse S, Devillers A, Lecloirec J, Bodet-Milin C, Dubois M, Hamonic S, Bajeux E, Ganivet A, Adamsbaum C, Treguier C.
OBJECTIVES: To assess the contribution of whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (WBMRI) and bone scintigraphy (BS) in addition to skeletal survey (SS) in detecting traumatic bone lesions and soft-tissue injuries in suspected child abuse. METHODS: I... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

With new treatments, PET imaging adds valuable information to brain metastasis monitoring
(Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging) For patients with brain metastases, amino acid positron emission tomography (PET) can provide valuable information about the effectiveness of state-of-the-art treatments. When treatment monitoring with contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is unclear, adding 18F-FET PET can help to accurately diagnose recurring brain metastases and reliably assess patient response. This research was published in The Journal of Nuclear Medicine. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - May 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Metabolite fumarate can reveal cell damage: New method to generate fumarate for MRI
(Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet Mainz) A promising new concept presented by an interdisciplinary research team paves the way for major advances in the field of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Their new technique could significantly simplify hyperpolarized MRI. The proposal involves the hyperpolarization of the metabolic product fumarate using parahydrogen and the subsequent purification of the metabolite. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - April 27, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

First clinical trials set for MRI cancer detection
(Case Western Reserve University) The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved human clinical trials to test the safety of cancer-detection technology developed at Case Western Reserve University: a tumor-targeting contrast agent that accurately detects aggressive prostate cancer in a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - April 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

AI Algorithm Uses Brain MRI to ID Multiple Sclerosis Subtypes
TUESDAY, April 20, 2021 -- A machine learning algorithm can use data from brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to identify subtypes of multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a study published online April 6 in Nature Communications. Arman Eshaghi,... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - April 20, 2021 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

How Are Iliac Fractures Treated?
Discussion Avulsion fractures of the pelvis are more commonly seen in adults and teenage athletes. Currently they are more common in male athletes but with the increased number of females in sports, more are also being seen in females. Soccer and track and field are common sports where these injuries occur. The injuries are felt to be caused by a repetitive traction on the apophysis or more commonly due to a ‘sudden, forceful, or unbalanced contraction of an attached musculotendinous unit while engaged in a sporting event…. Skeletal maturity has a direct effect on the incidence of the injury.” They can o...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - April 19, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

No evidence of a difference in SWI lesion burden or functional network connectivity between children with typical and delayed recovery two weeks post-concussion - Shapiro JS, Takagi M, Silk TJ, Anderson N, Clarke C, Davis G, Hearps SJC, Ignjatovic V, Rausa VC, Seal M, Babl F, Anderson V.
Susceptibility weighted imaging and resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging have been highlighted as two novel neuroimaging modalities that have been underutilised when attempting to predict whether a child with concussion will recover normally... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Magnetic resonance imaging findings are associated with long-term global neurological function or death following traumatic brain injury in critically ill children - McInnis C, Solana Garcia MJ, Widjaja E, Frndova H, Van Huyse J, Guerguerian AM, Oyefiade A, Laughlin S, Raybaud C, Miller E, Tay K, Bigler EDPD, Dennis M, Fraser D, Campbell C, Choong K, Danani S, Lacroix J, Farrell C, Beauchamp MH, Schachar R, Hutchison JS, Wheeler A.
The identification of children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) who are at risk of death or poor global neurological functional outcome remains a challenge. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can detect several brain pathologies that are a result of TBI, ho... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Incidental Findings on Brain MRI Common in Children
WEDNESDAY, March 31, 2021 -- More than 20 percent of children have incidental findings (IFs) on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) conducted at age 9 to 10 years, according to a study published online March 22 in JAMA Neurology. Yi Li, M.D.,... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - March 31, 2021 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Janssen Announces U.S. FDA Approval of PONVORY ™ (ponesimod), an Oral Treatment for Adults with Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis Proven Superior to Aubagio® (teriflunomide) in Reducing Annual Relapses and Brain Lesions
TITUSVILLE, N.J. – (March 19, 2021) – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved PONVORY™ (ponesimod), a once-daily oral selective sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1 (S1P1) modulator, to treat adults with relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (MS), to include clinically isolated syndrome, relapsing-remitting disease and active secondary progressive disease.1,2,3 PONVORY™ offers MS patients superior efficacy in reducing annualized relapse rates compared to an established oral therapy and a proven safety profi...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - March 19, 2021 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news

Babies pay attention with down payment from immature brain region
(Yale University) Using an approach pioneered at Yale that uses fMRI (or functional magnetic resonance imaging) to scan the brains of awake babies, a team of university psychologists show that when focusing their attention infants under a year of age recruit areas of their frontal cortex, a section of the brain involved in more advanced functions that was previously thought to be immature in babies. The findings were published March 16 in theProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - March 18, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Characteristics of COVID-19-Related Encephalopathy Detailed
TUESDAY, March 16, 2021 -- Clinical, biological, electroencephalographic (EEG), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) patterns could identify COVID-19-related encephalopathy (CORE) among patients hospitalized with COVID-19, according to a study... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - March 16, 2021 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Patient wait times reduced thanks to new study by Dartmouth engineers
(Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth) The first known study to explore optimal outpatient exam scheduling given the flexibility of inpatient exams has resulted in shorter wait times for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) patients at Lahey Hospital& Medical Center in Burlington, Mass. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - March 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Emerging utility of applied magnetic resonance imaging in the management of traumatic brain injury - Nadel J, McNally JS, DiGiorgio A, Grandhi R.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a widespread and expensive problem globally. The standard diagnostic workup for new TBI includes obtaining a noncontrast computed tomography image of the head, which provides quick information on operative pathologies. Howev... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 12, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

John Mallard obituary
Medical physicist who pioneered body scanning as a way to diagnose diseaseFrom the earliest X-rays to the latest body scanners, the ability to visualise the inside of the living body has revolutionised medical diagnosis. With a profound understanding of physics, great technical ingenuity and a mission to put these skills to use in the service of medicine, John Mallard, who has died aged 94, was one of the first to establish routine scanning services that revealed tumours in organs such as the brain and the liver. His team at theUniversity of Aberdeen built the first whole-body MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scannerand pr...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - March 12, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Georgina Ferry Tags: Medical research Science Source Type: news

Hyperpolarized proton MRI used to observe metabolic processes in real time
(Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet Mainz) Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is already widely used in medicine for diagnostic purposes. Hyperpolarized MRI is a more recent development and its research and application potential has yet to be fully explored. Researchers have now unveiled a new technique for observing metabolic processes in the body. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - March 11, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Cognitive behavioral therapy for patients with mild to moderate depression: treatment effects and neural mechanisms - Meng Y, Li H, Wang J, Xu Y, Wang B.
In this study, we combined clinical assessment and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques to investigate the brain mechanisms in mild to moderate depression (MMD) patients following cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Data were collected from 30 MMD p... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

When peaking at your brain may help with mental illness
(University of Rochester) In recent years, researchers have begun using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) not just to better understand the neural bases of psychiatric illness, but also for experimental treatment of depression, ADHD, anxiety, PTSD, substance use disorder, and schizophrenia with real-time fMRI neurofeedback. But how well does it work? (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - March 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Breast cancer screening recalls: simple MRI measurement could avoid 30% of biopsies
(Medical University of Vienna) Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is an accurate technique for detecting and classifying tumours in breast tissue. However, it sometimes causes " false alarms " , thus requiring further investigation (biopsy) and in some cases even resulting in so-called overtreatment, that is to say unnecessary surgery. For the first time, a research team from MedUni Vienna has now confirmed a threshold value for a non-invasive imaging biomarker. This can be incorporated into short standard MRI scans and could reduce the biopsy rate following MRI scans by 30%. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - March 1, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Who Gets Pott ’ s Puffy Tumor?
Discussion Pott’s puffy tumor (PPT) was first described by Sir Percivall Pott in 1775 and who also described other orthopaedic and oncological diseases subsequently named for him. “It is a subperiosteal abscess of the anterior wall of the frontal sinus associated with underlying frontal osteomyelitis.” The tender edema and swelling of the forehead is the sign of PPT. Associated fever, headache, and rhinorrhea along with similar problems such as postnasal drip or nasal congestion are common. Associated ophthalmological problems include peri-orbital or eyelid edema and/or preseptal cellulitis. Ptosis and di...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - March 1, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Politics and the brain: Attention perks up when politicians break with party lines
(University of Nebraska-Lincoln) Building upon previous work studying the brain and politics, Ingrid Haas, associate professor of political science affiliated with Nebraska's Center for Brain, Biology and Behavior, examined the insula and anterior cingular cortex in 58 individuals using functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging and learned that the human brain processes politically incongruent statements differently. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news