St. Louis Encephalitis Virus Reported in a Wisconsin Resident
The Wisconsin Department of Health Services (DHS) announced today thata confirmed human case of St. Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV) disease in a resident of Dane County, the first reported case in the state since 1981. SLEV isrelated to West Nile virus (WNV) and, like WNV, is spread to people through the bite of an infected mosquito. SLEV is not transmitted person-to-person. SLEV is rare in Wisconsin...(see release) (Source: Wisconsin DHFS Press Releases)
Source: Wisconsin DHFS Press Releases - November 1, 2018 Category: Hospital Management Authors: millejcodn Source Type: news

Consider Neuroinvasive Arboviruses in Differential Dx, CDC Says Consider Neuroinvasive Arboviruses in Differential Dx, CDC Says
Arboviral diseases, such as West Nile virus infections, are a growing concern in the US; physicians should include them in the differential diagnosis of aseptic meningitis and encephalitis, the CDC says.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - October 26, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases News Source Type: news

Autoimmune Dementia Autoimmune Dementia
This review summarizes the available evidence concerning the diagnosis and care of autoimmune and paraneoplastic encephalitis patients with associated cognitive impairment.Seminars in Neurology (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - October 12, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery Journal Article Source Type: news

Bride-to-be, 25, loses her memory because of a rare brain infection
Fran Geall, 25, from Falmouth in Cornwall, developed encephalitis for no apparent reason in March this year and spent a week in a coma before having to rebuild her life with her fiancée. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - October 11, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus In Michigan, Georgia: What You Should Know
About a third of people who develop Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) die. Others can be left with permanent brain damage. (Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News)
Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News - September 20, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Bruce Y. Lee, Contributor Source Type: news

Michigan resident infected with rare, deadly mosquito-borne virus
The mosquito-borne virus, Eastern equine encephalitis, has a 33 percent fatality rate (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - September 19, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Global Warming Threatens Europe ’ s Public Health
Parched olive groves in northern Croatia, where West Nile Virus has already claimed one victim this year. West Nile Virus infections have sharply increased in Europe this year, the World Health Organisation says, largely due to a longer transmission season in the region which this year saw high temperatures and extended rainy spells followed by dry weather, helping mosquito breeding and propagation. Credit: Ed Holt/IPSBy Ed HoltVIENNA, Sep 13 2018 (IPS)Climate change and health experts are warning of the growing threat to public health in Europe from global warming as rising temperatures help potentially lethal diseases sp...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ed Holt Tags: Climate Change Development & Aid Editors' Choice Environment Europe Featured Headlines Health Population Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) Health and Environment Source Type: news

George Mason researcher part of team awarded $2.5 million grant to fight deadly virus
(George Mason University) Kylene Kehn-Hall, an associate professor in George Mason University's School of Systems Biology within the National Center for Biodefense and Infectious Diseases, is collaborating with scientists from the University of Maryland and QIAGEN, a worldwide provider of molecular technologies and genomics analysis solutions, on a five-year, $2.5 million grant from the Defense Threat Reduction Agency in the hopes of developing remedies to the Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV). (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - September 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Europe facing growing threat of killer tropical diseases such as Zika, dengue fever and  encephalitis
Researchers predict a potential boom in the numbers of Zika, encephalitis, dengue fever and Chikungunya cases as high temperatures and global travel create the perfect storm. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - August 24, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Japanese encephalitis also affects urban areas
(Cirad) Several research results have recently disproved the theory that Japanese encephalitis is limited to rural areas. The work in question, led by CIRAD, has provided new information on the mechanisms involved in the transmission, persistence and spread of this emerging disease. Half the world's population is now under threat from Japanese encephalitis. Although vaccination remains the best way of protecting humans, according to researchers, various control methods, from targeted vaccination of farmed pigs to vector control, could restrict virus circulation effectively. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 23, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

JE is transmitted to pigs as rapidly in Cambodian peri-urban areas as rural areas
(PLOS) Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus, which causes acute encephalitis in Eastern and Southern Asia, is traditionally considered a rural disease. Now, researchers reporting in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases have shown that pigs in a peri-urban and a rural farm were infected by the virus at the same rate. This finding suggests vaccination efforts should be widened to encourage travelers to receive JE virus immunization. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 23, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

How to make cheap, but very effective, DIY mosquito traps
(Natural News) Summer usually means going camping or hiking, but pesky mosquitoes can take the fun out of these activities. (h/t to TheSurvivalistBlog.net) Aside from feeding on your blood and causing itchy bites, mosquitoes also spread diseases like encephalitis, malaria, and West Nile fever. Only female mosquitoes require blood and they are attracted to body heat,... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - August 18, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Boy, 6, is left with seizures and brain swelling after a contracting a virus from a mosquito bite
Noah Surrett, six, from Waynesville, North Carolina, experienced seizures and brain swelling after a mosquito bite left him with a virus known as LaCrosse encephalitis. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - August 14, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

CU School of Medicine's Kenneth Tyler article in New England Journal of Medicine
(University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus) Kenneth Tyler, M.D., the Louise Baum Endowed Chair in Neurology at the University of Colorado School of Medicine, is author of a review article about acute viral encephalitis in the current issue of The New England Journal of Medicine. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - August 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Avoiding the Headache: Laboratory Considerations for Implementation, Utilization, and Interpretation of Multiplex Molecular Panels for the Diagnosis of Meningitis and Encephalitis, Part II
Meningitis and encephalitis are infections of the central nervous system (CNS) that can range in severity from mild and self-limiting to severe and life threatening. These infections can be caued by a number of bacterial, viral, and fungal pathogens. Appropriate management of these infections is dependent upon an accurate and rapid identification of the infecting organism. Despite diagnostic advances with improved detection and turnaround time, currently, the etiological pathogen in central nervous system infections is identified in only 30 to 50% of symptomatic patients. (Source: Clinical Microbiology Newsletter)
Source: Clinical Microbiology Newsletter - July 21, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Blake W. Buchan Source Type: news

Avoiding the Headache: Laboratory Considerations for Implementation, Utilization, and Interpretation of Multiplex Molecular Panels for the Diagnosis of Meningitis and Encephalitis, Part I
Meningitis and encephalitis are infections of the central nervous system (CNS) that can range in severity from mild and self-limiting to severe and life threatening. These infections can be caused by a number of bacterial, viral, and fungal pathogens. Appropriate management of these infections is dependent upon an accurate and rapid identification of the infecting organism. Despite diagnostic advances with improved detection and turnaround time, currently, the etiological pathogen in central nervous system infections is identified in only 30 to 50% of symptomatic patients. (Source: Clinical Microbiology Newsletter)
Source: Clinical Microbiology Newsletter - July 11, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Blake W. Buchan Source Type: news

Rotary Convention
Mr Ian Riseley, President of Rotary International, My fellow Rotarians, (Source: WHO Director-General speeches)
Source: WHO Director-General speeches - June 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: director-general [subject], director-general [subject], director-general [subject], poliomyelitis [subject], polio, poliovirus, polio encephalitis Source Type: news

Receptor antibodies are found in a small subgroup of patients with first-episode psychosis, but their clinical relevance is unknown
Antineuronal antibody-mediated encephalitis frequently presents with prominent psychiatric features. It has been hypothesised that antineuronal antibodies may play a pathophysiological role in subgroups of patients with psychotic disorders. Whereas a few large studies find a similar prevalence of antineuronal antibodies in patients with psychotic disorders, other psychiatric disorders and healthy controls,1 2 there is some evidence of an increased prevalence of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) antibodies in patients with first-episode psychosis.3 4 In their present study, the authors aimed to (1) investigate the preva...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

What You Should Know About the Nipah Virus Outbreak
Ten people in the South Indian state of Kerala have died after being infected by the Nipah virus, an emerging disease thought to be spread by fruit bats and other animals. Here’s what you should know about the outbreak. What is the Nipah virus? The Nipah virus is a highly contagious and deadly virus that was first identified in 1999 when pig farmers in Malaysia and Singapore became very sick. During that outbreak, nearly 300 people were infected, and more than 100 people died. To stop the outbreak, authorities had to euthanize over one million pigs. Since then, the virus has been identified in outbreaks in Bangladesh...
Source: TIME: Health - May 22, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Alexandra Sifferlin Tags: Uncategorized healthytime public health Source Type: news

It's not just their hooligans you need to worry about!
The Encephalitis Society claimed the ticks can be found in  Kaliningrad, Volgograd and Nizhny Novgorod - where England are to play their three group games. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - May 3, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

What Causes Hyponatremia?
Discussion Normal kidneys regulate water balance to maintain a plasma osmolality of 275-290 mOsm/kg normally. Thirst and arginine vasopressin or antidiuretic hormone (ADH) are the primary regulators of plasma osmolality. ADH is made in the hypothalamus and released by the posterior pituitary gland. ADH acts on the kidney’s distal collecting duct to increase water reabsorption. ADH is appropriately released in hypovolemic states, such as dehydration caused by gastroenteritis. ADH has an ~10 minute half-life and therefore can respond to rapid changes in volume status. Sodium balance is regulated by aldosterone (as part...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - April 23, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Treatment for male anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis patients
(Bentham Science Publishers) Treatments for the anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis usually include steroids, intravenous immunoglobulin, plasma exchange, plasmapheresis, rituximab, cyclophosphamide and tumor resection. The researchers aimed to compare the efficacy of the treatments including intravenous immunoglobulin, plasma exchange, plasmapheresis, rituximab or cyclophosphamide for male anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis patients without tumor and to discuss potential biomarkers for this disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - March 14, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

A diagnosis you can ’t afford to miss
4 out of 5 stars Antibody-Mediated Encephalitis. Dalmau J, Graus F. N Engl J Med 2018 Mar 1;378:840-851. Reference TPR has posted before about anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis, a must-know, can’t-miss, humbling diagnosis that is distressingly easy to overlook. Although it is not a toxicologic condition, all toxicologists and emergency physicians should be thoroughly familiar with its presentation and clinical course. Let me explain why. NMDAR encephalitis often begins with behavioral changes, mood swings, and memory deficits in relatively young patients. According to this somewhat technical but excellent review, ...
Source: The Poison Review - March 2, 2018 Category: Toxicology Authors: Leon Gussow Tags: Medical anbitody-mediated encephalitis anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis brain on fire diagnosis Source Type: news

MS Drug Daclizumab Pulled from Worldwide Market
(MedPage Today) -- Inflammatory encephalitis, meningoencephalitis reported in Europe (Source: MedPage Today Neurology)
Source: MedPage Today Neurology - March 2, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: news

Mother who thought she had flu had a rare brain condition
Hannah Joels, 35, from Leicestershire, was left critically ill in hospital after suffering encephalitis. Her condition was so severe that she couldn ’t even recognise her two-year-old daughter, India (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - February 19, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

What is the Besinger Score?
Discussion Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a rare disease in the pediatric population. The incidence depends on the population studied but is estimated at 1-9/1 million/year. It was first described by William Heinrich Erb in 1879. The cause is autoantibodies against components of the post-synaptic membrane of the neuromuscular junction, usually against the acetylcholine binding receptor (AChR). It can occur at any age but is more common in the adult population. Juvenile patients (0-19 years) are divided into prepubertal (12 years) who have disease presentations similar to the adult population. In adults there are 5 grades: ocula...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - February 19, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Statement of the Sixteenth IHR Emergency Committee Regarding the International Spread of Poliovirus
14 February 2017 – The sixteenth meeting of the Emergency Committee under the International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR) regarding the international spread of poliovirus was convened by the Director General on 7 February 2018 at WHO headquarters with members, advisers and invited member states attending via tel econference. (Source: WHO news)
Source: WHO news - February 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: poliomyelitis [subject], polio, poliovirus, polio encephalitis, poliomyelitis [subject], polio, poliovirus, polio encephalitis Source Type: news

When the body attacks the brain: Immune system often to blame for encephalitis, study finds
(Mayo Clinic) Encephalitis caused by the immune system attacking the brain is similar in frequency to encephalitis from infections, Mayo Clinic researchers report in Annals of Neurology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Ixiaro (Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine) - updated on RxList
(Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs)
Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs - December 21, 2017 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

Qool Therapeutics raises $8m to support temp management device
Early stage med device developer Qool Therapeutics said today it raised $8 million in a Series A-1 round to support development and trials of its Qool device designed for targeted temperature management and exercise recovery. Joining the funding round was Zhongji Holdings and Join Medical Technology, Tampcap LLC, BrilliMedical International, BioPacific Investors, Western Technology Investment and FundRx, the Silicon Valley-based company said. Qool Therapeutics said that in addition to the funding, it has also received an award from the US Department of Defense’s Defense Innovation unit Experimental organization. The ...
Source: Mass Device - November 28, 2017 Category: Medical Devices Authors: Fink Densford Tags: Business/Financial News Research & Development Respiratory qooltherapeutics Source Type: news

Statement of the 15th IHR Emergency Committee regarding the international spread of poliovirus
IHR Emergency Committee statement on polio, 14 November 2017 (Source: WHO news)
Source: WHO news - November 14, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: poliomyelitis [subject], polio, poliovirus, polio encephalitis, Afghanistan [country], Eastern Mediterranean Region [region], Statement [doctype] Source Type: news

Early Immunotherapy Prevents Disability With Limbic Encephalitis Early Immunotherapy Prevents Disability With Limbic Encephalitis
Early immunotherapy for faciobrachial dystonic seizures that precede onset of limbic encephalitis is highly effective in preventing cognitive impairment and long-term disability, a new study shows.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - October 18, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Suicidality is a common and serious feature of anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis - Zhang L, Sander JW, Zhang L, Jiang XY, Wang W, Shuang K, Abdulaziz ATA, Wu MQ, Chi XS, Li JM, Zhou D.
We aimed to assess suicidality risk amongst people who had had anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis. All people with a definitive diagnosis of anti-NMDAR encephalitis in West China Hospital between June 2012 and February 2017 were identi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 14, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

What Causes Microcephaly?
Patient Presentation A 5-month-old male came to clinic for his health supervision visit and followup from his neonatal intensive care stay. He was born prematurely at 28 weeks gestation and his stay was complicated by a right sided Grade III intraventricular hemorrhage, a left-sided Grade IV intraventricular hemorrhage, neonatal seizures, respiratory distress and bronchopulmonary dysplasia, retinopathy of prematurity, acute kidney injury that had resolved, possible necrotizing enterocolitis incidents x 2, and herpes simplex encephalitis. He was on home oxygen, a nasogastric feeding tube because of aspiration risk and mult...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - September 25, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Girl became convinced she was a dinosaur
Lucy Evans, from Aberystwyth, was eventually diagnosed with anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis - which affects just one in 75,000 people, figures suggest. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - September 13, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Girl, 18, became convinced she was a dinosaur
Lucy Evans, from Aberystwyth, was eventually diagnosed with anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis - which affects just one in 75,000 people, figures suggest. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - September 12, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Troubled Indian hospital says 217 children died in August
A government hospital in northern India where dozens of babies died within two days earlier this month says at least 217 children have died during the month of August for a variety of reasons including an encephalitis outbreak (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - August 30, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Amid India oxygen scandal, docs want focus on encephalitis
A national outcry over an Indian hospital's oxygen shortage highlights encephalitis outbreaks that kill and disable thousands of children, spiking each year with the monsoon rains (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - August 18, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

The Night the Oxygen Ran Out in an Indian Hospital
The Modi government has been sharply criticized after children died when a vendor cut off oxygen supplies for lack of payment. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - August 17, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: JEFFREY GETTLEMAN and HARI KUMAR Tags: India Hospitals Modi, Narendra Deaths (Fatalities) Adityanath, Yogi Corruption (Institutional) Oxygen Politics and Government Uttar Pradesh State (India) Encephalitis Source Type: news

CU Anschutz and UC San Diego researchers find creosote bush could treat deadly infections
(University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus) Researchers at the Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus and UC San Diego have found that compounds produced by the creosote bush, a desert shrub common to American Southwest, exhibit potent anti-parasitic activity against two deadly parasites responsible for Giardia infections (Giardia lamblia) and the amoeba that causes an often-lethal form of encephalitis (Naegleria fowleri). Standard treatment for both infections involve antibiotics and anti-parasitic drugs. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - August 16, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Compounds in desert creosote bush could treat giardia and 'brain-eating' amoeba infections
(University of California - San Diego) Researchers at Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences at University of California San Diego and the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus have found that compounds produced by the creosote bush, a desert plant common to the Southwestern United States, exhibit potent anti-parasitic activity against the protozoa responsible for giardia infections and an amoeba that causes an often-lethal form of encephalitis. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 15, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Statement of the 14th IHR Emergency Committee regarding the international spread of poliovirus
The fourteenth meeting of the Emergency Committee under the International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR) regarding the international spread of poliovirus was convened by the Director General on 3 August 2017 at WHO headquarters with members, advisers and invited member states attending via teleconference. The Emergency Committee reviewed the data on wild poliovirus (WPV1) and circulating vaccine derived polioviruses (cVDPV). The Secretariat presented a report of progress for affected IHR States Parties subject to Temporary Recommendations. The following IHR States Parties presented an update on the current situation and t...
Source: WHO news - August 3, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: poliomyelitis [subject], polio, poliovirus, polio encephalitis, poliomyelitis [subject], polio, poliovirus, polio encephalitis, Statement [doctype] Source Type: news

Disease sleuths unmask deadly encephalitis culprit
(Source: ScienceNOW)
Source: ScienceNOW - July 27, 2017 Category: Science Authors: Pulla, P. Tags: Asia/Pacific News, Epidemiology, Medicine, Diseases, Virology In Depth Source Type: news

Can head trauma trigger adult-onset Rasmussen's encephalitis? - Soh D, Cordato DJ, Bleasel AF, Brimage P, Beran RG.
We describe a patient with a unique presentation, wher... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 25, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Mosquito Season Could Be Worse Than Usual In Northeast
PORTLAND, Maine (AP) — A wetter-than-normal spring in the Northeast is producing a bumper crop of mosquitoes, leading to worries of a corresponding spike in mosquito-borne illnesses this summer. The heavy rain that erased last summer’s drought has put public health officials on alert as summer begins to unfold. “Anecdotally, everybody is telling me that they’re being eaten alive by mosquitoes,” said Sara Robinson, an epidemiologist for the Maine Center for Disease Control. Mosquitoes (WBZ-TV) But, she hastened to add, it’s too early to say whether there will be an increase in West Nile v...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - July 3, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Local News Mosquitoes Source Type: news

FDA Grants Profounda Inc. Orphan Drug Designation for treatment of Granulomatous Amebic Encephalitis (GAE) with Miltefosine
GAE is a serious infection of the brain and spinal cord that typically occurs in persons with a compromised immune system. Few patients are known to have survived because of successful drug treatment. Early diagnosis and treatment might increase the cha... Biopharmaceuticals, FDA Profounda, miltefosine, Granulomatous Amebic Encephalitis (Source: HSMN NewsFeed)
Source: HSMN NewsFeed - June 28, 2017 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Regional 'hot spot' of Borna disease discovered in upper Austria
(University of Veterinary Medicine -- Vienna) Bornaviruses cause a lethal form of encephalitis, Borna disease, among horses and sheep. To date only a few cases were reported in Austria. Recently, four horses were afflicted in the same area of Upper Austria within just two years. Tests on local shrews, the reservoir host, confirmed the suspicion of a local viral reservoir. The study in Emerging Microbes& Infections documents a rare outbreak of Borna disease in a new endemic area in Austria. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - June 21, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Mosquito-borne Diseases in New Hampshire 2017 Mosquito-borne Diseases in New Hampshire 2017
Mosquito-borne diseases transmitted in New Hampshire include West Nile virus and Eastern equine encephalitis virus, both transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected mosquito.State Health Alerts (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - June 19, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: None News Source Type: news

WHO Director-General elect welcomes new funding for polio eradication
WHO Director-General elect, Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus welcomes contributions and pledges of US$1.2 billion for the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. (Source: WHO news)
Source: WHO news - June 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: poliomyelitis [subject], polio, poliovirus, polio encephalitis, Afghanistan [country], Eastern Mediterranean Region [region], Press release [doctype] Source Type: news