Core Gut Bacteria Analysis of Healthy Mice
In this study, we identified 37 genus-level core bacteria from feces of 101 healthy mice with different ages, sexes, and mouse strains in three previous studies. They collectively represented nearly half of the total sequences, and predominantly included carbohydrate- and amino acids-metabolizing bacteria and immunomodulatory bacteria. Among them, Anaerostipes indwelt the gut of all healthy mice. Co-abundance analysis showed that these core genera were clustered into five groups (Group C1–C5), which were ecologically related. For example, the abundances of Group C2 including probiotics Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus slightly positively correlated with those of Group C1. Principal component analysis (PCA) and multivariate analysis of variance test revealed that these core gut genera were distinguished with age and sex, and also associated with their health/disease state. Linear discriminant analysis effect size (LEfSe) method showed that bacteria in Group C1 and C2/C3 increased with the age in infancy and early adulthood, and were more abundant in female mice than in male ones. The metabolic syndrome (MS) induced by high fat diet (HFD) and accelerated postnatal growth would decrease Group C2 genera, whereas probiotics intervention would reverse HFD-induced reduction of Group C2. Spearman correlation analysis indicated that the principal components based on the abundance of the 37 core genera were significantly correlated with host characteristic parameters of MS. Thes...
CONCLUSION: With the increased use of immunotherapeutic agents, increased awareness and early recognition are required for effective management of irAEs. Our experience as a single institution might be of use for health care providers in oncology. PMID: 32935638 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Zhang XY, Zhang PY Abstract [This retracts the article DOI: 10.3892/ol.2016.5107.]. PMID: 32934752 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Zhang XY, Zhang PY Abstract [This retracts the article DOI: 10.3892/ol.2016.5093.]. PMID: 32934751 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Wan S, Zhao H Abstract The present study aimed to explore the diagnostic and prognostic value of lncRNA maternally expressed 3 (MEG3) in cervical cancer. Eighty-four patients with cervical cancer from February 2013 to March 2014 were enrolled in the observation group (OG), and another 58 female subjects who underwent physical examination at Huangshi Central Hospital were enrolled as the control group (CG). The serum MEG3 expression of patients in the two groups was detected by RT-qPCR, and the ability of MEG3 to aid in the diagnosis of cervical cancer, lymph node metastasis and FIGO staging, as well as to ...
In conclusion, SLC17A9 can be used as a new molecular marker to predict the poor prognosis of patients with HCC. PMID: 32934749 [PubMed]
In conclusion, the present study revealed that linalool inhibits T-ALL cell survival with involvement of the MAPK signaling pathway. JNK activation and ERK inhibition may play a functional role in apoptosis induction of T-ALL cells. Linalool may be developed as a novel anti T-ALL agent. PMID: 32934748 [PubMed]
In conclusion, psychological stress was more prominent in younger patients with stage IV breast cancer treated with hormonal therapy compared with elderly patients. Importantly, improving QOL within the 3 months after treatment initiation could lead to longer PFS rate. PMID: 32934747 [PubMed]
Authors: Verma A, Najahi-Missaoui W, Cummings BS, Somanath PR Abstract Metastatic prostate cancer (PCa) has a very high mortality rate in men, in Western countries and lacks reliable treatment. The advanced-stage PCa cells overexpress P21 (RAC1) activated kinase-1 (PAK1) and secreted phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) suggesting the potential utility of pharmacologically targeting these molecules to treat metastatic PCa. The small molecule, inhibitor targeting PAK1 activation-3 (IPA3) is a highly specific allosteric inhibitor of PAK1; however, it is metabolically unstable once in the plasma thus, limiting its utility as a ch...
In conclusion, high expression levels of eIF4A2 are associated with a poor prognosis and may be used as a potential prognostic indicator in patients with ESCC. PMID: 32934744 [PubMed]
Authors: Li DK, Wang W Abstract Cluster of differentiation 40 (CD40) mediates many immune activities. Preclinical studies have shown that activation of CD40 can evoke massive antineoplastic effects in several tumour models in vivo, providing a rationale for using CD40 agonists in cancer immunotherapy. To date, several potential agonistic antibodies that target CD40 have been investigated in clinical trials. Early clinical trials have shown that the adverse events associated with agonists of CD40 thus far have been largely transient and clinically controllable, including storms of cytokine release, hepatotoxicity an...
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