Researcher, 26, left feeling so sick he 'wanted to die' after drinking shot of shigella
Jack Eberts, from Washington D.C., drunk a shot of the dysentery-causing bacteria for a vaccine trial. He became so ill that he faced stomach cramps, diarrhea, and even soiled himself. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - May 3, 2022 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

What Causes Rectal Prolapse?
Discussion Rectal prolapse is defined as a herniation of the rectum through the anal verge. In children it is also usually mucosal prolapse and not full thickness. Partial or mucosal prolapse usually is seen as radial folds occurring 1 – 2.5 cm from the anal verge. Full thickness will protrude more than 5 cm. It affects genders equally and occurs most commonly in children under age 4. This is due to vertical course and low position of the anus, looser supporting tissues and less muscular support. These children are more likely to have prolapse but are less likely to have it recur. After age 4 the rectum takes the adu...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - February 28, 2022 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Health officials issue warning over an 'extremely antibiotic-resistant' bug mainly affecting gay men
The UK Health Security Agency (UKHSA) said there has been an increase in cases of Shigella sonnei, a gut infection that causes diarrhoea, stomach cramps and a fever. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - January 27, 2022 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Legacy pharma firm which sold 'Swadeshi' dysentery drug to Afghans waits and watches after Taliban takeover
The company, which started out in a small garage on Hare Street, was set up as a 'Swadeshi enterprise' meant to take on the stranglehold of British drug manufacturers whose medicines were often unaffordable for the common man in the sub-continent. The idea was to patent and sell 'Swadeshi' western-style drugs for ailments common in India. (Source: The Economic Times Healthcare and Biotech News)
Source: The Economic Times Healthcare and Biotech News - September 5, 2021 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

New Case Linked to Illness Outbreak at Kansas Splash Park New Case Linked to Illness Outbreak at Kansas Splash Park
The Shigella bacteria is spread from person to person through exposure to contaminated feces, the public health agencies said.Associated Press (Source: Medscape Infectious Diseases Headlines)
Source: Medscape Infectious Diseases Headlines - July 16, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infectious Diseases News Source Type: news

How human cells and pathogenic shigella engage in battle
(UT Southwestern Medical Center) DALLAS - May 21, 2021 - One member of a large protein family that is known to stop the spread of bacterial infections by prompting infected human cells to self-destruct appears to kill the infectious bacteria instead, a new study led by UT Southwestern scientists shows. However, some bacteria have their own mechanism to thwart this attack, nullifying the deadly protein by tagging it for destruction. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - May 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

What Are Toxin-Mediated Diseases?
Discussion A poison is a generic term for “a substance with an inherent property that tends to destroy life or impair health.” A toxin is more specific and is “any poison produced by an organism, characterized by antigenicity in certain animals and high molecular weight, and including the bacterial toxins that are the causative agents of tetanus, diphtheria, etc., and such plant and animal toxins as ricin and snake venom.” A toxin does not include those substances that are made synthetically produced. Venom is also a toxin that is used by animals and insects for predation or defense which can cause ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - April 12, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Type III secretion system effectors form robust and flexible intracellular virulence networks
Infections with many Gram-negative pathogens, including Escherichia coli, Salmonella, Shigella, and Yersinia, rely on type III secretion system (T3SS) effectors. We hypothesized that while hijacking processes within mammalian cells, the effectors operate as a robust network that can tolerate substantial contractions. This was tested in vivo using the mouse pathogen Citrobacter rodentium (encoding 31 effectors). Sequential gene deletions showed that effector essentiality for infection was context dependent and that the network could tolerate 60% contraction while maintaining pathogenicity. Despite inducing very different co...
Source: ScienceNOW - March 11, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Ruano-Gallego, D., Sanchez-Garrido, J., Kozik, Z., Nunez-Berrueco, E., Cepeda-Molero, M., Mullineaux-Sanders, C., Naemi-Baghshomali Clark, J., Slater, S. L., Wagner, N., Glegola-Madejska, I., Roumeliotis, T. I., Pupko, T., Fernandez, L. A., Rodriguez-Pato Tags: Engineering, Microbiology, Online Only r-articles Source Type: news

What Is the Difference Between Diarrhea and Dysentery?
Title: What Is the Difference Between Diarrhea and Dysentery?Category: Diseases and ConditionsCreated: 3/2/2021 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 3/2/2021 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Digestion General)
Source: MedicineNet Digestion General - March 2, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: news

How is COVID-19 affecting Holocaust survivors?
(Bar-Ilan University) Bar-Ilan University researchers examined whether exposure to specific Holocaust adversities would be related to amplified psychological reactions to COVID-19. They found that PTSD and loneliness were more prevalent among survivors who contracted infectious diseases such as tuberculosis and dysentery during the Holocaust relative to older adults who did not experience the Holocaust. Moreover, worries related to COVID-19 were more frequent among survivors who contracted infectious diseases during the Holocaust relative to other survivors or those who were not exposed to the Holocaust. (Source: EurekAler...
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - September 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Preliminary Incidence and Trends of Infections with Pathogens Transmitted Commonly Through Food --- Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network, 10 U.S. Sites, 2016--2019
This report indicates that incidence of infections caused by Listeria, Salmonella, and Shigella remained unchanged, and those caused by all other pathogens reported to the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network increased during 2019. (Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report)
Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report - April 30, 2020 Category: American Health Tags: Foodborne Disease MMWR Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report Salmonella Shigellosis Source Type: news

Shigella Bacteremia, Georgia, USA, 2002-2012 Shigella Bacteremia, Georgia, USA, 2002-2012
Bacteremia is an uncommon complication associated with Shigella infections. What are the risk factors for this rare infection?Emerging Infectious Diseases (Source: Medscape Hiv-Aids Headlines)
Source: Medscape Hiv-Aids Headlines - January 20, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infectious Diseases Journal Article Source Type: news

‘Normal’ Human Body Temperature Has Changed in the Last Century
Whether you have a stomachache, a wrist sprain or a chronic disease, one of the first things doctors and nurses will do at an appointment is take your temperature. A normal temperature means your body is humming along the way it should. A higher temperature means you have a fever, and shows your body could be fighting an infection. And since 1871, “normal” has meant 98.6°F (37°C). That number was determined by a German physician, based on millions of readings from 25,000 German patients, taken by sticking thermometers under their arms. When doctors in the U.S. and Europe repeated the experiment in local...
Source: TIME: Health - January 14, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Alice Park Tags: Uncategorized fever health inflammation Research Source Type: news

Drug-Resistant Dysentery Emerging Among Gay Men
THURSDAY, Dec. 19, 2019 -- Australian researchers are sounding the alarm over cases of a highly infectious intestinal illness that appear to be resistant to all forms of standard oral antibiotic treatment. The disease is called shigellosis, a form... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - December 19, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Drug-Resistant Dysentery Emerging Among Gay Men
Title: Drug-Resistant Dysentery Emerging Among Gay MenCategory: Health NewsCreated: 12/19/2019 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 12/19/2019 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Digestion General)
Source: MedicineNet Digestion General - December 19, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: news