Natural antioxidants in cheese can protect your blood vessels from damage caused by high-salt diets
(Natural News) A study published in the Journal of Nutrition found that incorporating dairy cheese into a high-sodium diet helps preserve blood vessel function. Researchers from Pennsylvania State University and Ohio State University found that the natural antioxidants in cheese play a protective role against oxidative stress, which can damage the blood vessels. While small doses of sodium are essential to the body, eating too much... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - September 4, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Drug Combo Slows Functional Decline in ALS Drug Combo Slows Functional Decline in ALS
A fixed-dose combination of sodium phenylbutyrate and taurursodiol slowed the rate of decline in physical function in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in the pivotal CENTAUR trial.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - September 3, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Sodium Phenylbutyrate-Taurursodiol Promising for ALS
THURSDAY, Sept. 3, 2020 -- For patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), function declines more slowly through 24 weeks in those receiving sodium phenylbutyrate-taurursodiol versus placebo, according to a study published in the Sept. 3... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - September 3, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Efficacy of silver diamine fluoride and sodium fluoride in inhibiting enamel erosion: an ex vivo study with primary teeth
ConclusionConsidering phosphorus loss values, 10% SDF seems to be effective in inhibiting enamel erosion after 1% and 10% citric acid challenges, whereas 2% NaF only after 1% citric acid challenge. Regarding calcium loss values, both fluoride agents seem to have no impact on inhibiting enamel erosion after 1% and 10% citric acid challenges.  (Source: Dental Technology Blog)
Source: Dental Technology Blog - September 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: news

Post-It Pearls: Sodium Bicarbonate for TCA Toxicity
No abstract available (Source: Emergency Medicine News)
Source: Emergency Medicine News - September 1, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Post-It Pearls Source Type: news

Char application restores soil carbon and productivity
(American Society of Agronomy) After two years of char application, researchers find increased soil Carbon, magnesium, and sodium concentrations. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - August 27, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Update: Wockhardt UK Ltd - Amoxicillin Sodium 1g, 250mg and 500mg Powder for Solution for Injection
Based on MHRA’s review of available data, the Commission on Human Medicines’ Paediatric Medicine Expert Advisory Group (PMEAG) has advised that Wockhardt UK’s Amoxicillin Sodium Powd (Source: Royal Pharmaceutical Society News)
Source: Royal Pharmaceutical Society News - August 26, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

SCA Pharmaceuticals (SCA) Is Issuing a Voluntary Nationwide Recall of Heparin Sodium Compounded Products Due to Incorrect Preservative (Benzyl Alcohol)
Windsor, CT, SCA Pharmaceuticals (SCA) is voluntarily recalling 10 lots of Heparin Sodium to the hospital/user level. The compounded Heparin Sodium bag contains the undeclared preservative benzyl alcohol. The labelling listed methylparaben and propylparaben as preservatives; however, are not presen (Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New)
Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New - August 19, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: FDA Source Type: news

Top Food Category Contributors to Sodium and Potassium Intake - United States, 2015-2016
This report describes the main sources of sodium and potassium in U.S. residents'diets. (Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report)
Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report - August 13, 2020 Category: American Health Tags: Food Attitudes and Behaviors Health and Wellness MMWR Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report Sodium Salt Consumption Source Type: news

Normal Saline (Sodium Chloride Injection) - updated on RxList
(Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs)
Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs - August 12, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

Lannett Announces Launch Of FDA Approved Levothyroxine Tablets
PHILADELPHIA, Aug. 3, 2020 -- (Healthcare Sales & Marketing Network) -- Lannett Company, Inc. (NYSE: LCI) today announced the launch of Cediprof, Inc.'s FDA approved Levothyroxine Sodium Tablets USP, under the companies recently announced interim exclusiv... Biopharmaceuticals, Endocrinology, Product Launch Lannett, Levothyroxine (Source: HSMN NewsFeed)
Source: HSMN NewsFeed - August 3, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Xywav (Calcium, Magnesium, Potassium, and Sodium Oxybates Oral Solution) - updated on RxList
(Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs)
Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs - August 3, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

CDC's Sodium Reduction in Communities Program: Evaluating Differential Effects in Food Service Settings, 2013-2016
(Source: CDC Preventing Chronic Disease)
Source: CDC Preventing Chronic Disease - July 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Source Type: news

SGLT-2 Inhibitors May Raise Risk for Diabetic Ketoacidosis
WEDNESDAY, July 29, 2020 -- In patients with type 2 diabetes, sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors are associated with an increased risk for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), according to a study published online July 28 in the Annals of... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - July 29, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Xywav (Calcium, Magnesium, Potassium, and Sodium Oxybates Oral Solution) - new on RxList
(Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs)
Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs - July 29, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

FDA Okays Low-Sodium Treatment Option for Narcolepsy FDA Okays Low-Sodium Treatment Option for Narcolepsy
The novel drug Xywav is an oxybate product with a unique composition that results in 92% less sodium than sodium oxybate (Zyrem).FDA Approvals (Source: Medscape Pharmacist Headlines)
Source: Medscape Pharmacist Headlines - July 22, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Alert Source Type: news

Fresenius Kabi Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of Two Lots of Dexmedetomidine Hydrochloride Injection Due to Cross-Contamination of Lidocaine
Fresenius Kabi USA is voluntarily recalling two lots of Dexmedetomidine HCl in 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, 200 mcg/50 mL (4 mcg / mL), 50 mL fill in a 50 mL vial. Fresenius Kabi initiated this recall due to the possibility of a trace amount of lidocaine present in these two lots and our investig (Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New)
Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New - July 22, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: FDA Source Type: news

Jazz Pharmaceuticals Announces U.S. FDA Approval of Xywav(TM) (calcium, magnesium, potassium, and sodium oxybates) Oral Solution for Cataplexy or Excessive Daytime Sleepiness Associated with Narcolepsy
Xywav is the first FDA approved new treatment option indicated for both cataplexy and excessive daytime sleepiness in people living with narcolepsy in more than 15 years Xywav contains 92 percent less sodium per nightly dose than sodium oxybate, a curre... Biopharmaceuticals, Neurology, FDA Jazz Pharmaceuticals, Xywav, Cataplexy, Narcolepsy (Source: HSMN NewsFeed)
Source: HSMN NewsFeed - July 22, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

FDA Approves Xywav (calcium, magnesium, potassium, and sodium oxybates) Oral Solution for Cataplexy or Excessive Daytime Sleepiness Associated with Narcolepsy
DUBLIN, July 22, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- Jazz Pharmaceuticals plc (Nasdaq: JAZZ) today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Xywav™ (calcium, magnesium, potassium, and sodium oxybates)... (Source: Drugs.com - New Drug Approvals)
Source: Drugs.com - New Drug Approvals - July 22, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

What Are Some Pediatric Oncological Emergencies?
Discussion Pediatric cancers in the US number about 12,000 per year. After injury, it is the second leading cause of death in children and adolescents. Cancer presentations vary widely, but often begin with non-specific symptoms that continue or progress depending on the location and tumor type. Patients can present with oncological emergencies especially if there are mechanical obstruction such as superior vena cava syndrome or cerebral herniation. More commonly are infections due to immunosuppression. Cancer treatment also causes its own myriad of problems that clinicians need to be aware of to diagnosis and treat, but a...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - July 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

A fatal case by a suicide kit containing sodium nitrite ordered on the internet - Dur ão C, Pedrosa F, Dinis-Oliveira RJ.
Fatal sodium nitrite poisonings are rare in the forensic context. The present work describes a first fatal case of sodium nitrite contained in a suicide kit that the victim acquired over the internet. The results of the autopsy showed general signs of asph... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Home and Consumer Product Safety Source Type: news

Giant piezoelectricity in oxide thin films with nanopillar structure
High-performance piezoelectric materials are critical components for electromechanical sensors and actuators. For more than 60 years, the main strategy for obtaining large piezoelectric response has been to construct multiphase boundaries, where nanoscale domains with local structural and polar heterogeneity are formed, by tuning complex chemical compositions. We used a different strategy to emulate such local heterogeneity by forming nanopillar regions in perovskite oxide thin films. We obtained a giant effective piezoelectric coefficient of ~1098 picometers per volt with a high Curie temperature of ~450°C. Our lead-f...
Source: ScienceNOW - July 16, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Liu, H., Wu, H., Ong, K. P., Yang, T., Yang, P., Das, P. K., Chi, X., Zhang, Y., Diao, C., Wong, W. K. A., Chew, E. P., Chen, Y. F., Tan, C. K. I., Rusydi, A., Breese, M. B. H., Singh, D. J., Chen, L.-Q., Pennycook, S. J., Yao, K. Tags: Physics, Applied, Materials Science reports Source Type: news

First Do No Harm: The report of the Independent Medicines and Medical Devices Safety Review
Report looking at Primodos (hormone based pregnancy test), sodium valproate and pelvic mesh found the healthcare system (NHS, private providers, regulators, professional bodies, pharmaceutical& device manufacturers, policymakers) is disjointed, siloed, unresponsive and defensive. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - July 10, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Father and Sons Charged in Miami Federal Court with Selling Toxic Bleach as Fake “Miracle” Cure for Covid-19 and Violating Court Orders
FDA OCI, Miracle Mineral Solution, toxic bleach, COVID-19, cure, conspiracy, defraud, FDCA, criminal contempt, Mark Grenon, Jonathan Grenon, Jordan Grenon, Joseph Grenon, Bradenton FL, so ingest, orally, chlorine dioxide, powerful bleach, sodium chlorite, not FDA approved, Genesis II Church, (Source: Office of Criminal Investigations (OCI) Press Releases)
Source: Office of Criminal Investigations (OCI) Press Releases - July 9, 2020 Category: Medical Law Authors: DOJ Source Type: news

Effect of temperature and prewetting for ice penetration with sodium formate - Trzaskos MP, Klein-Paste A.
Granular sodium formate (NaCOOH) is a popular deicer used at airports. It is mainly used to weaken compacted snow/ice and thereby facilitate mechanical ice removal. Earlier research has developed a set of methods quantifying deicer performance, but linking... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 8, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Environmental Issues, Climate, Geophysics Source Type: news

Matt Hancock apologises to thousands of women harmed by vaginal mesh, primodos and sodium valproate
The Health Secretary issued an apology 'on behalf of the NHS and the entire health service' after a damning report into the three avoidable health scandals was published. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - July 8, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Effects of desensitizing products on the reduction of pain sensitivity caused by in-office tooth bleaching: a 24-week follow-up
Journal of Applied Oral SciencePrint version ISSN1678-7757On-line version ISSN1678-7765J. Appl. Oral Sci. vol.28  Bauru  2020 Epub June 24, 2020https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-7757-2019-0755 AbstractObjective To clinically assess the effect of desensitizing gels and dentifrices on the reduction in pain sensitivity and color variation during tooth bleaching.Methodology A total of 108 volunteers were randomly separated into the following groups of n=12: GT/S-glycerine and thickener/sucralose; NF/S-potassium nitrate and sodium fluoride/sucralose; NA/S-potassium nit...
Source: Dental Technology Blog - July 2, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: news

Nigeria: Non-Medical Use of Prescription Drugs Among Skilled Workers - a Pilot Study
[The Conversation Africa] More than ever, the world is facing a challenge of non-medical use of prescription drugs among people of all ages, genders and occupations. Evidence shows that pharmaceutical opioids (tramadol, codeine, or morphine), barbiturates such as pentobarbital sodium, benzodiazepines (diazepam and alprazolam), and amphetamines are the most common types of prescription medication used in a non-medical context. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - June 25, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Depacon (Valproate Sodium Injection) - updated on RxList
(Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs)
Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs - June 8, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

Paralytic shellfish toxins (PST)-transforming enzymes: a review - Raposo MIC, Gomes MTSR, Botelho MJ, Rudnitskaya A.
Paralytic shellfish toxins (PSTs) are a group of toxins that cause paralytic shellfish poisoning through blockage of voltage-gated sodium channels. PSTs are produced by prokaryotic freshwater cyanobacteria and eukaryotic marine dinoflagellates. Proliferati... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Home and Consumer Product Safety Source Type: news

SARS-CoV-2 Spike Protein Shares Sequence with a Human Protein
Eight amino acids are identical to part of the human epithelial sodium channel, leading researchers to suspect the virus might interfere with the channel's function. (Source: The Scientist)
Source: The Scientist - June 1, 2020 Category: Science Tags: News & Opinion Source Type: news

Dexlido (Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate for Injection) - new on RxList
(Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs)
Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs - June 1, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

Type 2 Diabetes Update: Semaglutide and Linagliptin as Basal Insulin Alternatives
Cardiovascular comorbidities and risk reduction play a major new role in pharmacologic therapy for type 2 diabetes, with sodium-glucose transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists now recommended as part of the glucose-lowering regimen for patients who have established atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) or indicators of high-risk, chronic kidney disease (CKD) or heart failure (HF). (Source: Caring for the Ages)
Source: Caring for the Ages - June 1, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Christine Kilgore Source Type: news

Glofil-125 (Sodium Iothalamate i-125 Injection Solution) - new on RxList
(Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs)
Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs - May 28, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

Nacellate (Sodium Chloride Injection) - new on RxList
(Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs)
Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs - May 21, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

International Laboratories, LLC Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of One (1) Lot of Pravastatin Sodium Tablets USP, 40mg Packaged in Bottles of 30 Tablets Due to Mislabeling NDC # 54458-925-16; Lot # 115698A
International Laboratories, LLC is voluntarily recalling one (1) Lot of Pravastatin Sodium Tablets USP 40 mg packaged in bottles of 30 tablets, to the consumer level due to mislabeling. The product is labeled as Pravastatin Sodium Tablets USP 40 mg but contained Bupropion Hydrochloride XL 300 mg tablets. (Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New)
Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New - May 21, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: FDA Source Type: news

AuroMedics Pharma LLC Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of Pantoprazole Sodium for Injection 40 Mg Per Vial, Due to Presence of Glass Particles in the Vial
East Windsor, New Jersey, AuroMedics Pharma LLC is voluntarily recalling one lot of Pantoprazole Sodium for Injection 40 mg per vial, to the hospital level. The product was found to contain glass particles in the vial. This problem was discovered as a result of a product complaint in which the contents of one vial from one batch was found to contain a piece of glass. (Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New)
Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New - May 19, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: FDA Source Type: news

Roche launches new blood gas digital solution designed to improve patient care
Basel, 15 May 2020 - Roche (SIX: RO, ROG; OTCQX: RHHBY) today announced the CE mark availability of Roche v-TAC, a new digital diagnostic solution that allows clinicians to obtain results for arterial blood gas values from patients with respiratory or metabolic abnormalities via a simpler, less invasive venous puncture through the use of a digital algorithm. Blood gas analysis is typically used in hospital point of care (POC) settings, where quick and accurate results are needed. This includes emergency rooms, intensive care units and operating rooms. The analysis provides clinicians with information about a patient &rsquo...
Source: Roche Media News - May 15, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Roche launches new blood gas digital solution designed to improve patient care
Basel, 15 May 2020 - Roche (SIX: RO, ROG; OTCQX: RHHBY) today announced the CE mark availability of Roche v-TAC, a new digital diagnostic solution that allows clinicians to obtain results for arterial blood gas values from patients with respiratory or metabolic abnormalities via a simpler, less invasive venous puncture through the use of a digital algorithm. Blood gas analysis is typically used in hospital point of care (POC) settings, where quick and accurate results are needed. This includes emergency rooms, intensive care units and operating rooms. The analysis provides clinicians with information about a patient &rsquo...
Source: Roche Investor Update - May 15, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Lokelma (Sodium Zirconium Cyclosilicate) - updated on RxList
(Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs)
Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs - May 12, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

Suicide attempt using potassium tablets for congenital chloride diarrhea: a case report - Iijima S.
BACKGROUND: Congenital chloride diarrhea (CCD) is a rare inherited disorder of intestinal electrolyte transport that results in a large wastage of electrolytes and water. Advances in substitution therapy using sodium chloride (NaCl) and potassium chloride ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Venom Peptides: Rethinking Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel Inhibition,...
In this free webinar, the featured speaker will discuss engineering peptides to achieve subtype specificity and complete inhibition of specific sodium channels to unlock the potential of potent venom...(PRWeb May 07, 2020)Read the full story at https://www.prweb.com/releases/venom_peptides_rethinking_voltage_gated_sodium_channel_inhibition_upcoming_webinar_hosted_by_xtalks/prweb17104849.htm (Source: PRWeb: Medical Pharmaceuticals)
Source: PRWeb: Medical Pharmaceuticals - May 7, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

What the History of Polio Can Teach Us About COVID-19
Think all this stuff about injecting disinfectant or introducing ultraviolet light into the body to battle coronavirus is a lot of crazy talk? What about preventing the disease by hanging mothballs around your neck? How about blaming it on flies or bed bugs or street dust or even cornflakes? Think hyping a malaria drug like hydroxychloroquine to battle a disease it was not meant to battle seems ill-thought-through? What about promoting a paste made of wintergreen, Russian thyme, and the oils of rosemary, cajeput and wood, which you rub on your skin? And you think sheltering in place in your climate-controlled, wifi-streami...
Source: TIME: Health - May 5, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jeffrey Kluger Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news

Comparison of Fluoride Release in Conventional Glass-Ionomer Cements with a New Mechanical Mixing Cement
Conclusions: A mechanical mixing was the material with the more constant fluoride release and after recharge showed the highest fluoride release which make it an important benefit for clinicians. (Source: Dental Technology Blog)
Source: Dental Technology Blog - May 5, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: news

SGLT2 Inhibitors Linked to Reduced Risk for Serious Renal Events
FRIDAY, May 1, 2020 -- Use of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors is associated with a reduced risk for serious renal events compared with dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors, according to a study published online April 29 in The... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - May 1, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Sodium bicarbonate not cost effective for CKD with acidosis
(Source: PharmacoEconomics and Outcomes News)
Source: PharmacoEconomics and Outcomes News - May 1, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

Our Diets Are Changing Because of the Coronavirus Pandemic. Is It for the Better?
The coronavirus pandemic has changed a lot about modern American life: how we work, socialize, and even how we eat. Dining out is a distant memory. But nutritionally, people weren’t exactly thriving in pre-pandemic America. “Before COVID-19 came along, it was increasingly clear that the diet quality and nutritional status of Americans was terrible,” says Dr. Walter Willett, professor of epidemiology and nutrition at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. More than 40% of U.S. adults are obese. After years of declines, heart disease death rates are on the rise again. So are rates of obesity-linked canc...
Source: TIME: Health - April 28, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Mandy Oaklander Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news

Fresenius Kabi's Recall of Ketorolac Results In QuVa Pharma ® Recall of Compounded Sterile Product (R.E.C.K.)
QuVa Pharma, Inc. confirms that is working with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, and voluntarily recalling all lots of R.E.C.K. (Ropivacaine, Epinephrine, Clonidine, Ketorolac) 50 ml in Sodium Chloride-60 ml BD syringe that were prepared using sterile Ketorolac being recalled by Fresenius Kabi (Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New)
Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New - April 27, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: FDA Source Type: news

Levothyroxine Sodium Tablets - In Vivo Pharmacokinetic and Bioavailability Studies and In Vitro Dissolution Testing
Clinical/Medical (Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New)
Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New - April 24, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: FDA Source Type: news