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Gay man, 40, develops arthritis after catching a STI
Doctors at Leeds General Infirmary, who treated the unidentified patient and reported the strange case in a medical journal, said the shigella flexneri bacteria caused his reactive arthritis. (stock) (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - December 12, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Boosting the antibiotic arsenal
(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) MIT researchers have discovered a way to make bacteria more vulnerable to a class of antibiotics known as quinolones, which include ciprofloxacin and are often used to treat infections such as Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - December 8, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Rohingya Refugees: The Woes of Women – Part One
Rohingya women of Balukhali camp embarking on the trek to the toilets. Credit: Umer Aiman Khan/IPSBy Sohara Mehroze ShachiCOX'S BAZAR, Bangladesh, Dec 7 2017 (IPS)Afia* lines up her bucket every morning in the refugee camp for water delivery from humanitarian relief workers. On one particularly sweltering day, she kept four water pitchers in a row with gaps between them, hoping to insert another empty container in the space when the water arrived.When another refugee saw this, she kicked away Afia’s pitchers, and a raging quarrel broke out. That night, the woman’s local boyfriend attacked Afia in her house, kic...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - December 7, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sohara Mehroze Shachi Tags: Aid Asia-Pacific Development & Aid Featured Gender Violence Headlines Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Migration & Refugees Poverty & SDGs Projects Women's Health Bangladesh Internati Source Type: news

Warning over flour in cake mix after it led to E.coli  
Food Standards Agency has warned that licking the cake mixing bowl may not be safe after an outbreak of E.coli was traced back to a mill, leading to the recall of 10million pounds of flour. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - December 7, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Plant RuBisCo assembly in E. coli with five chloroplast chaperones including BSD2
Plant RuBisCo, a complex of eight large and eight small subunits, catalyzes the fixation of CO2 in photosynthesis. The low catalytic efficiency of RuBisCo provides strong motivation to reengineer the enzyme with the goal of increasing crop yields. However, genetic manipulation has been hampered by the failure to express plant RuBisCo in a bacterial host. We achieved the functional expression of Arabidopsis thaliana RuBisCo in Escherichia coli by coexpressing multiple chloroplast chaperones. These include the chaperonins Cpn60/Cpn20, RuBisCo accumulation factors 1 and 2, RbcX, and bundle-sheath defective-2 (BSD2). Our struc...
Source: ScienceNOW - December 7, 2017 Category: Science Authors: Aigner, H., Wilson, R. H., Bracher, A., Calisse, L., Bhat, J. Y., Hartl, F. U., Hayer-Hartl, M. Tags: Biochemistry r-articles Source Type: news

Shigella: guidance, data and analysis
This guidance was updated in November 2017. A new sub-group added for non-travel associated infection reports The diagnosis, management and epidemiology of shigella (bacillary dysentery). (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - December 6, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Warning over eating raw dough due to E. coli risk in flour
The US FDA has updated guidelines after investigating an E. coli outbreak that was caused by flour. (Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition)
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - December 6, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Action Needed to Avoid the End of Modern Medicine
This study influenced the development of the WHO’s new  guidelines, which are aimed at influencing policy makers in the agriculture and health sectors.   According to a WHO press release, the guidelines include:An overall reduction in the use of all classes of medically important antibiotics in food-producing animals.Complete restriction of these antibiotics for growth promotion and for disease prevention without diagnosis.Healthy animals should only receive antibiotics to prevent disease if it has been diagnosed in other animals in the same flock or herd or fish population.Antibiotics used in animals ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - December 5, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Martin Khor Tags: Development & Aid Global Governance Headlines Health Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

How relapses from illness happen: Researchers discover that some bacteria hide until the immune system calms, then attack again
(Natural News) According to a study published in 2016, scientists have discovered a bacteria “alarm clock” that can wake dormant Salmonella in the body which enables the bug to trigger a relapse. The researchers from Imperial College London say that the “alarm clock” is common among various types of bacteria, such as Salmonella and E. coli.... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - December 4, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

When Medicines Don ’t Work Anymore
Credit: BigstockBy Martin KhorPENANG, Malaysia, Dec 4 2017 (IPS)The growing crisis of antibiotic resistance is catching the attention of policy makers, but not at a rate enough to tackle it.More diseases are affected by resistance, meaning the bacteria cannot be killed even if different drugs are used on some patients, who then succumb.We are staring at a future in which antibiotics don’t work, and many of us or our children will not be saved from TB, cholera, deadly forms of dysentery, and germs contracted during surgery.Martin Khor, Executive Director of the South Centre, a think tank for developing countries, base...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - December 4, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Martin Khor Tags: Development & Aid Global Global Governance Headlines Health Poverty & SDGs Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

Your NEJM Group Today: Grading GME / Uncooked Flour & E. coli / Boston-Area FM Opportunity
Here's what we chose for you from NEJM Group today: NEJM Audio Interview: Grading Graduate Medical Education: Dr. Debra Weinstein discusses the need for consistent... (Source: Physician's First Watch current issue)
Source: Physician's First Watch current issue - November 27, 2017 Category: Primary Care Source Type: news

Can I Give Cholera Vaccine?
Discussion Cholera is caused by more than 200 serogroups of Vibrio cholerae, a Gram-negative rod that is waterborne. Only two (serogroup O1 which causes about 99% of the cases, and O139) cause disease. There are biotypes of each of these serotypes. The only known hosts are humans. The organism colonizes the epithelial lining of the gut. Cholera toxin is produced by some species and if produced binds to specific receptors on host cells, activating a series of steps which cases massive loss of sodium, potassium, chloride, hydrogen carbonate, and fluids in vomitus and feces. A review of causes of diarrhea can be found here. ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - November 27, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Uncooked flour may have E. coli
Think twice before licking that spoon as you prepare cake batter or cookie dough for holiday treats. Salmonella from raw eggs is no longer the only concern in baking. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - November 24, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

World's smallest tape recorder is built from microbes
Through a few clever molecular hacks, researchers at Columbia University Medical Center have converted a natural bacterial immune system into a microscopic data recorder, laying the groundwork for a new class of technologies that use bacterial cells for everything from disease diagnosis to environmental monitoring. The researchers modified an ordinary laboratory strain of the ubiquitous human gut microbe Escherichia coli, enabling the bacteria to not only record their interactions with the environment but also time-stamp the events. (Source: World Pharma News)
Source: World Pharma News - November 24, 2017 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Featured Research Research and Development Source Type: news

Skip The Cookie Dough: E. Coli Shiga Toxin-Producing Bacteria Linked To Raw Flour
While raw eggs in cookie dough or cake batter have traditionally been a concern for their ability to transmit salmonella, the new concern is another key ingredient: raw flour. Raw flour may harbor E.Coli Shiga toxin-producing bacteria (STEC). (Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News)
Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News - November 23, 2017 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Robert Glatter, MD, Contributor Source Type: news

CDC warns cookie dough is still a threat
Researchers at the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention warn that, due to the way flour is manufactured in the US, there is always a risk of E. coli lying dormant in packets. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - November 23, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Thanks a Lot! New Reasons Not to Eat Cookie Dough
A new study confirms that uncooked flour can make people dangerously ill. Turns out E. coli bacteria can thrive in the dry, powdery host. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - November 22, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: JAN HOFFMAN Tags: Food Contamination and Poisoning Flour Source Type: news

Town under orders to boil water after E. coli detected
Officials are advising customers to not drink the water without boiling it first to kill off any contaminants (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - November 16, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Structural basis of bacterial transcription activation
In bacteria, the activation of gene transcription at many promoters is simple and only involves a single activator. The cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate receptor protein (CAP), a classic activator, is able to activate transcription independently through two different mechanisms. Understanding the class I mechanism requires an intact transcription activation complex (TAC) structure at a high resolution. Here we report a high-resolution cryo–electron microscopy structure of an intact Escherichia coli class I TAC containing a CAP dimer, a 70–RNA polymerase (RNAP) holoenzyme, a complete class I CAP-dependent pr...
Source: ScienceNOW - November 16, 2017 Category: Science Authors: Liu, B., Hong, C., Huang, R. K., Yu, Z., Steitz, T. A. Tags: Biochemistry reports Source Type: news

Combined resistance to multiple antibiotics: A growing problem in the EU
(European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)) On the occasion of the 10th European Antibiotic Awareness Day, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) is releasing its latest EU-wide data on antibiotic resistance, as well as its guidance on prevention and control of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE). In 2016, combined resistance to several antibiotic groups continued to increase for Escherichia coli and Acinetobacter species. This situation is of great concern as patients infected with these multidrug-resistant bacteria have very limited treatment options. (Source: EurekAlert! ...
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - November 15, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Viral gastroenteritis (stomach flu)
(Source: MayoClinic.com Full Feed)
Source: MayoClinic.com Full Feed - November 10, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Deadly bacterial infections could be coming from your kitchen sink PLUGHOLE
DEADLY bacterial infections, including from salmonella and E.coli, in your bathroom and kitchen plugholes could become airborne and spread into the home, the public has been warned. (Source: Daily Express - Health)
Source: Daily Express - Health - November 9, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Mayo Clinic Minute: Fruit and veggie food safety
Too lazy to wash your fruits and veggies? Here are a few statistics that may inspire you. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says about 48 million people are stricken with foodborne illness each year.?One hundred twenty-eight thousand?are hospitalized. Approximately 3,000 people die. "I have been seeing a lot of stomach viruses, gastroenteritis, a [...] (Source: News from Mayo Clinic)
Source: News from Mayo Clinic - November 8, 2017 Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news

New model reveals possibility of pumping antibiotics into bacteria
(University of Wisconsin-Madison) Researchers in the University of Wisconsin-Madison Department of Biochemistry have discovered that a cellular pump known to move drugs like antibiotics out of E. coli bacteria has the potential to bring them in as well, opening new lines of research into combating the bacteria. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - November 7, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Asymptomatic infection helps norovirus to spread in Indonesia
(Kobe University) Norovirus, also referred to as the 'winter vomiting bug', is the most common cause of acute gastroenteritis in humans. A Japanese research team has shown that norovirus is significantly present in the stools of healthy volunteers in Indonesia who are asymptomatically infected with the virus. This suggests that asymptomatic infection is a source of norovirus outbreaks, and sheds light on the transmission mode of the virus. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - November 6, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Medical News Today: Common causes of belly button pain
In this article, learn about the reasons for belly button pain. Included is detail on causes, such as surgery, gastroenteritis, and pregnancy. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - November 5, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pain / Anesthetics Source Type: news

69 Marines hospitalized in California E. Coli outbreak
Military officials say more than 300 recruits at the Marines' boot camp in San Diego have fallen ill from a bacterial outbreak (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - November 4, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Hundreds of Marine recruits sickened by E. coli
More than 200 recruits are undergoing treatment for virulent stomach bug (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - November 2, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Haig ’s Delicacies LLC Recalls Lot of Taboule Salad Because of Possible Health Risk
Haig ’s Delicacies of Hayward, CA is recalling 342 cases of Taboule Salad because it may be contaminated with Escherichia coli O157:H7 bacteria (E. Coli O157:H7). E. coli O157:H7 causes a diarrheal illness often with bloody stools. Although most healthy adults can recover completely within a week, some people can develop a form of kidney failure called Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS). (Source: Food and Drug Administration)
Source: Food and Drug Administration - October 31, 2017 Category: Food Science Source Type: news

Haig ’ s Delicacies LLC Recalls Lot of Taboule Salad Because of Possible Health Risk
Haig ’ s Delicacies of Hayward, CA is recalling 342 cases of Taboule Salad because it may be contaminated with Escherichia coli O157:H7 bacteria (E. Coli O157:H7). E. coli O157:H7 causes a diarrheal illness often with bloody stools. Although most healthy adults can recover completely within a week, some people can develop a form of kidney failure called Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS). (Source: Food and Drug Administration)
Source: Food and Drug Administration - October 31, 2017 Category: Food Science Source Type: news

Puppy Poop Infection Tally Rises to 67 People in 15 States
TUESDAY, Oct. 31, 2017 -- An outbreak of a potentially deadly bacteria linked to contaminated puppy poop has spread to 15 states, a new federal report shows. These multidrug-resistant Campylobacter infections have now sickened 67 people. In the... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - October 31, 2017 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Is < i > E. coli < /i > Contagious? (Symptoms and Cure)
Title: IsE. coli Contagious? (Symptoms and Cure)Category: Diseases and ConditionsCreated: 6/29/2015 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 10/31/2017 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Digestion General)
Source: MedicineNet Digestion General - October 31, 2017 Category: Nutrition Source Type: news

Quantitative single-molecule imaging of TLR4 reveals ligand-specific receptor dimerization
In humans, invading pathogens are recognized by Toll-like receptors (TLRs). Upon recognition of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) derived from the cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria, TLR4 dimerizes and can stimulate two different signaling pathways, the proinflammatory, MyD88-dependent pathway and the antiviral, MyD88-independent pathway. The balance between these two pathways is ligand-dependent, and ligand composition determines whether the invading pathogen activates or evades the host immune response. We investigated the dimerization behavior of TLR4 in intact cells in response to different LPS chemotypes through quantitative ...
Source: Signal Transduction Knowledge Environment - October 31, 2017 Category: Science Authors: Krüger, C. L., Zeuner, M.-T., Cottrell, G. S., Widera, D., Heilemann, M. Tags: STKE Research Resources Source Type: news

Kissing your puppy could send you to the hospital; CDC says virus is spreading
(Natural News) The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently reported that 16 more Americans have been diagnosed with Campylobacter, an infection commonly found in puppies. The bacteria strain can be transmitted through close contact such as cuddling and kissing. According to the CDC, the latest report further marks a sweeping outbreak across the country, which... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - October 27, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Contaminated chicken: Government looks at farmers, rather than processing plants, for the blame
(Natural News) Butchers and small-scale farm shops are currently being scrutinized by the Food Standard Agency (FSA) amidst allegations that they are selling chicken contaminated with the food poisoning bacterium Campylobacter, according to a report by The Daily Mail. The FSA has determined 54 percent of chicken sold on High Street (a primary business street market... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - October 25, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Colon cancer: APC protein affects immunity by preventing pre-cancerous inflammation
(Institut Pasteur) Adenomatous polyposis coli is a gene whose mutations are associated with a rare, hereditary form of colorectal cancer known as familial adenomatous polyposis. Research led by scientists at the Institut Pasteur and Inserm have recently demonstrated that mutations to this gene do not only lead to the emergence of colon polyps; they also harm the immune system, leaving it unable to tackle inflammation of the colonic mucosa. This dual impact supports the development of cancer. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - October 24, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

2015 NARMS Integrated Report (2017)
Report presents information and trends on Salmonella, Campylobacter, E.coli and Enterococcus in the food animal supply. (Source: PHPartners.org)
Source: PHPartners.org - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Public Health England issues antibiotic resistance warning
Four in 10 patients with an E.coli blood infection in England cannot be treated with the most commonly used antibiotics, according to a report from Public Health England. Experts warn of an 'apocalypse'. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - October 23, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

BrightFarms Announces Voluntary Regional Recall of Produce Due to Potential Presence of E. coli
BrightFarms is initiating a voluntary recall of packaged produce sold in Roundy's Supermarkets due to the potential presence of E. coli at its Rochelle, Illinois (Ogle County) greenhouse farm. (Source: Food and Drug Administration)
Source: Food and Drug Administration - October 21, 2017 Category: Food Science Source Type: news

IDSA Updates Guidelines on Acute Gastroenteritis IDSA Updates Guidelines on Acute Gastroenteritis
New tests for infectious diarrhea are highly sensitive and may show unfamiliar organisms. Experts can help clarify best treatments. Rehydration is also crucial, especially in vulnerable groups.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - October 19, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases News Source Type: news

Destruction and reformation of an iron-sulfur cluster during catalysis by lipoyl synthase
Lipoyl synthase (LipA) catalyzes the last step in the biosynthesis of the lipoyl cofactor, which is the attachment of two sulfhydryl groups to C6 and C8 of a pendant octanoyl chain. The appended sulfur atoms derive from an auxiliary [4Fe-4S] cluster on the protein that is degraded during turnover, limiting LipA to one turnover in vitro. We found that the Escherichia coli iron-sulfur (Fe-S) cluster carrier protein NfuA efficiently reconstitutes the auxiliary cluster during LipA catalysis in a step that is not rate-limiting. We also found evidence for a second pathway for cluster regeneration involving the E. coli protein Is...
Source: ScienceNOW - October 19, 2017 Category: Science Authors: McCarthy, E. L., Booker, S. J. Tags: Biochemistry reports Source Type: news

Chicken food poisoning levels falling
The bug campylobacter, present in some chickens, is the leading cause of food poisoning in the UK. (Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition)
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - October 18, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Model predicts how E. coli bacteria adapt under stress
(University of California - San Diego) Researchers at the University of California San Diego have developed a genome-scale model that can accurately predict how E. coli bacteria respond to temperature changes and genetic mutations. The work sheds light on how cells adapt under environmental stress and has applications in precision medicine, where adaptive cell modeling could provide patient-specific treatments for bacterial infections. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - October 13, 2017 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Eating undercooked poultry could give you a UTI
A University of California study found 25% of poultry samples had the same bacteria found in UTI patient's urine samples. This could be caused by E. coli, which is found in the gut of animals. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - October 11, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Superbugs now taking out pets as antibiotic resistance continues to spread
(Natural News) Veterinary experts have recently cautioned that infections associated with antibiotic-resistant superbugs have shown a significant increase among pets across the U.S. According to experts, veterinary clinics across the country have seen a significant increase in infections such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius as well as persistent strains of E.coli and salmonella. Reports have shown that clinics are now... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - October 7, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

IFSAC Webinar: Foodborne illness source attribution estimates for 2013 for Salmonella, E. coli, Listeria, and Campylobacter
October 20, 2017 2:00-3:00pm ET. (Source: PHPartners.org)
Source: PHPartners.org - October 6, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Multidrug-Resistant Campylobacter Outbreak Linked to Pet Store Puppies Reaches 12 States (FREE)
By Amy Orciari Herman Edited by Andr é Sofair, MD, MPH, and William E. Chavey, MD, MS A Campylobacter outbreak linked to pet store puppies has affected 55 people in 12 states, the CDC said in an advisory. … (Source: Physician's First Watch current issue)
Source: Physician's First Watch current issue - October 6, 2017 Category: Primary Care Source Type: news

Germs in the kitchen: Salmonella better known than Campylobacter
(BfR Federal Institute for Risk Assessment) What health risks are consumers aware of? What are they concerned about? The answers to these questions are provided by the BfR Consumer Monitor, a representative population survey conducted regularly by the German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR). On the one hand it reflects the public perception in Germany with regard to consumer health protection topics, while on the other hand it is an essential indicator for recognizing possible false estimations on the part of the general public early on. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 5, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Puppies linked to outbreak of bacterial illness
The CDC has traced 55 of cases of illness to a Campylobacter infection spread by puppies, including some from Petland pet stores. David Highfield of CBS Pittsburgh station KDKA reports. (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - October 4, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Puppy Poop Infections Now Affecting 55 People in 12 States
CDC says Campylobacter bacteria can be transmitted by handling dogs Source: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: Bacterial Infections, Pet Health (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)
Source: MedlinePlus Health News - October 4, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news