Gender-Specific Associations Between Saliva Microbiota and Body Size

Conclusion: Saliva microbiota diversity and composition were significantly associated with body size and gender in Finnish children. Body size–specific saliva microbiota profiles open new avenues for studying the potential roles of microbiota in weight development and management. Introduction The composition and diversity of the human microbiota may be an important factor in health and disease (Cho and Blaser, 2012). Several studies have proposed that changes in the human gut microbiota may alter pathogenic mechanisms, which are associated with the development of obesity and insulin resistance (Musso et al., 2010). Studies have shown associations between the gut microbiota and body size (Turnbaugh et al., 2006), however, little is known about the saliva microbiota and body size. While most of the microbiota studies have focused on the intestinal microbiota, it is known that the oral cavity possesses the second most diverse microbial community in the body (Kilian et al., 2016). The oral cavity is the major gateway for microorganisms into the human body. Microorganisms enter the body along with food and air through the mouth and are then either mixed with saliva on the way to the intestinal tract, transported to the trachea and lungs or left behind to colonize the oral cavity (Dewhirst et al., 2010). Microorganisms in the oral cavity have a substantial possibility of transmission to contiguous epithelial surfaces nearby and throughout the body (Dewhirst et al., 20...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

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ConclusionsHypothalamic EPO plays a role in the central regulation of muscle and metabolic physiology while its decline contributes to aging and obesity physiology in a manner which is independent of peripheral EPO.
Source: Molecular Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
This study investigated the protein expression profile of STC1 in PCa and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) samples and STC1 signalling during cell proliferation and cell death in vitro using cell lines. We found higher levels of STC1 in PCa when compared to BPH tissue and that STC1 inhibited forskolin stimulation of cAMP in PC-3 cells. A monoclonal antibody against STC1 was effective in reducing cell proliferation, in promoting cell cycle arrest, and in increasing apoptosis in the same cells. Since STC1 acts as a regulator of prostatic tissue signalling, we suggest that this protein is a novel candidate biomarker for p...
Source: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Canadian Journal of DiabetesAuthor(s): Tomoyuki Kawada
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: November–December 2019Source: Diabetes &Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &Reviews, Volume 13, Issue 6Author(s):
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the role of the anesthetist should be to supervise endoscopy activities at every level. PMID: 31808663 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Anestesiologica - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Minerva Anestesiol Source Type: research
Our weekly DiabetesMine advice column answers a question about BPA exposure and its effect on diabetes.
Source: Diabetes Mine - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Trends in Pharmacological SciencesAuthor(s): Lorenzo GalluzziAlthough somatic KRAS mutations are common in human tumors, no inhibitor of mutant KRAS was clinically available until recently. Canon and colleagues describe the ability of a clinically available KRASG12C inhibitor to drive immunogenic cancer cell death, thus constituting a promising combinatorial partner for immune checkpoint blockers.
Source: Trends in Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study is focused on comparison of the dissolution behavior of matrix tablets (based on hypromellose and/or glyceryl behenate as retarding agent) of the same composition containing different type of drug – ionizing tramadol hydrochloride (TH) and non-ionizing pentoxifylline (PTX). The dissolution tests were performed in acidic medium (pH 1.2) and in alcoholic medim (20%, 40% of ethanol) and the changes of tablets were observed also photographically.It was found that the alcohol resistence of the hydrophilic-lipophilic formulations with TH and the hydrophilic-lipophilic formulations with PTX containing a higher am...
Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the results suggest that, because of its bioactivity including the antioxidant, antimicrobial, and enzyme inhibition properties, the D. macrolepis can be accepted as a promising and natural source for the industrial applications. The present study is the first study, in which the bioactive components and the antioxidant, antimicrobial, and enzyme inhibition properties of endemic D. macrolepis plant were determined.
Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study investigating a multiphenotypic approach, based on the comparative study of a wild type strain of P. aeruginosa, its isogenic OprF mutant. Both P. aeruginosa PAO1 and OprF mutant strains were grown in same condition and cultures were subjected to further analysis by SDS PAGE, pyocyanin production and biofilm formation that was analyse using scanning electron microscopy. Based on biofilm formation essay and pyocyanin production, the study showed that OprF plays a dynamic role in P. aeruginosa virulence. The absence of OprF results in slow growth rate corresponded to elongated lag phase and reduced biofilm product...
Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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