Influence of alcohol and marijuana on a manual tracking task - Reid LD, Ibrahim MKF, Miller RD, Hansteen RW.
Two projects have been carried out to determine the usefulness of employing human operator describing functions in the study of the influence of alcohol and marijuana on subjects performing a visual-manual control task. Significant alterations in the linea... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Benzodiazepines in the oral fluid of Spanish drivers - Herrera-G ómez F, García-Mingo M, Alvarez FJ.
BACKGROUND: Driving under the influence of alcohol, illicit drugs and certain medicines is not allowed worldwide. Roadside drug testing is considered an important tool for determining such behavior. In Spain, mandatory roadside oral fluid drug testing is c... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs regarding drug abuse and misuse among community pharmacists in Saudi Arabia - Mobrad AM, Alghadeer S, Syed W, Al-Arifi MN, Azher A, Almetawazi MS, Babelghaith SD.
Background and Objective: Several over-the-counter drugs have been documented as an essential issue in the community pharmacy setting owing to their liability to abuse. Pharmacists act as a critical monitor for these concerns and evaluate the seriou... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

No country for older men: ageing male suicide in New Zealand - Barak Y, Cheung G, Fortune S, Glue P.
OBJECTIVE: Suicide rates increase in late life. There is, however, a gap in understanding suicide in the very old. We aimed to underscore the evidence for high rates of death by suicide in the oldest-old men (age 85+) in New Zealand and to provide a conjec... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Alcohol, Smoking, and Familial Breast Cancer Risk Alcohol, Smoking, and Familial Breast Cancer Risk
How do alcohol consumption and smoking interact with familial risk for breast cancer?Breast Cancer Research (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - February 28, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Hematology-Oncology Journal Article Source Type: news

Electronic nicotine delivery system use is related to higher odds of alcohol and marijuana use in adolescents: meta-analytic evidence - Hershberger A, Argyriou E, Cyders M.
Research suggests that electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) use is associated with other substance use in adolescents; however, the magnitude of this association and whether this differs between adolescents and adults is not yet well understood. This... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The rise of suicides using a deadly dose of barbiturates in Amsterdam and Rotterdam, the Netherlands, between 2006 and 2017 - van den Hondel KE, Punt P, Dorn T, Ceelen M, Reijnders U.
INTRODUCTION: The three 'advised' suicide methods are helium asphyxiation, voluntarily stop eating and drinking and the use of a deadly dose of medication such as barbiturates. The aim of this study was to analyse the number of suicides resulting from barb... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

The normative underpinnings of population-level alcohol use: an individual-level simulation model - Probst C, Vu TM, Epstein JM, Nielsen AE, Buckley C, Brennan A, Rehm J, Purshouse RC.
Background. By defining what is "normal," appropriate, expected, and unacceptable, social norms shape human behavior. However, the individual-level mechanisms through which social norms impact population-level trends in health-relevant behaviors are... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

The criminogenic influence of family on substance use during reentry: a life-course perspective on between individual differences and within individual changes - Mowen TJ, Boman JH.
A large body of prior research has demonstrated a clear link between family support and desistance from substance use during reentry. Emerging research also suggests that family conflict may play an independent role in this process. Accordingly, this study... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Social support and the rehabilitation of alcohol-impaired drivers: drinking motives as moderators - Moon TJ, Mathias CW, Mullen J, Karns-Wright TE, Hill-Kapturczak N, Roache JD, Dougherty DM.
Alcohol-impaired driving is a common and costly public health problem associated with alcohol misuse. This investigation aims to understand the role of social support and drinking motives in motivating alcohol-impaired drivers to reduce alcohol use. One hu... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Public perceptions of risks associated with mixing opioid pain-relievers with alcohol and benzodiazepines - Ellis JD, Resko SM, Kollin R, Lister JJ, Agius E.
Objectives: Use of alcohol or benzodiazepines with opioid pain-relievers increases risk of overdose and overdose death. A substantial proportion of adults receives an opioid prescription each year, and a number of these adults also use benzodiazepin... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

History of suicidality and alcohol craving trajectories during inpatient treatment for alcohol use disorder - Janakiraman R, Gowin JL, Sloan ME, Schwandt ML, Diazgranados N, Ramchandani VA, Kwako LE.
We examined whether a history of suicidal ideation or attempts is associated wit... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Emergency department visits attributed to adverse events involving benzodiazepines, 2016-2017 - Moro RN, Geller AI, Weidle NJ, Lind JN, Lovegrove MC, Rose KO, Goring SK, McAninch JK, Dowell D, Budnitz DS.
This study describes U.S. emergency department visits attributed to adverse events involving... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Electronic cigarettes to vaporize cannabis: prevalence of use and associated factors among current electronic cigarette users in Germany (DEBRA Study) - Kastaun S, Hildebrandt J, Kotz D.
Background: In Germany, cannabis is the most widely used illicit drug, and inhalation together with tobacco is most popular. However, it has been described that electronic cigarettes (ECs) are being used to vaporize cannabis (extract). No current da... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Alcohol intoxication and suicide by hanging in Poland - Lasota D, Paw łowski W, Krajewski P, Staniszewska A, Goniewicz K, Czerski R, Goniewicz M.
This study aimed to present the demographic d... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Influence of hardiness, avoidance coping, and combat exposure on depression in returning war veterans: a moderated-mediation study - Bartone PT, Homish GG.
BACKGROUND: Depression is a serious problem among military personnel returning from combat deployments, and is related to a range of adverse outcomes including alcohol and drug abuse, family violence and suicide. The present study explores how psychologica... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Smoking and drinking link to recreational drug use by young people: UN-backed report
The use of alcohol and tobacco by young people and children is closely linked to the use of illicit drugs, a UN-backed narcotics control body warned on Thursday. (Source: UN News Centre - Health, Poverty, Food Security)
Source: UN News Centre - Health, Poverty, Food Security - February 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Raising a Glass to Chronic Disease
While relinquishing my teaching profession, physical vitality, hair and a sense of a secure future, had I anesthetized myself with increasing doses of vino? (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - February 27, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Susan Gubar Tags: Alcoholic Beverages Cancer Wines Clinical Trials Bananas Source Type: news

A patient kept getting kicked off liver transplant waiting lists for alcohol abuse. But she wasn't drinking, her bladder was making the alcohol
A woman insisted she needed a liver transplant. But doctors wouldn't allow it, removing her from waiting lists and recommending treatment for alcohol addiction instead. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - February 27, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

GP intervention increases detection of hepatitis C
An electronic algorithm was used to flag patients with HCV risk markers for testing Related items fromOnMedica Widespread hepatitis C screening may do more harm than good Earlier transplants for liver disease kids may cut brain damage risk Significant fall in Hepatitis C deaths Doctors urge government to act on rising alcohol impact Benefits of statins 'still outweigh risks' (Source: OnMedica Latest News)
Source: OnMedica Latest News - February 27, 2020 Category: UK Health Source Type: news

' Startling' Increase in Alcohol-Induced Deaths'Startling' Increase in Alcohol-Induced Deaths
Alcohol-induced deaths in the US have increased substantially over the years and have recently accelerated, prompting calls for urgent action.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines)
Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines - February 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

Intervention to decrease leaving without treatment among intoxicated emergency department patients - Milne LW, Williamson D, Kraus C, Wilcox SR.
OBJECTIVE: Approximately 15% of the>4000 patients presenting each year to our emergency department (ED) with a chief complaint or discharge diagnosis related to alcohol were leaving without treatment (LWT). If they are not clinically sober at the time of ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Effect of fear of victimization on hazardous alcohol drinking, tobacco, and marijuana use among university students: a tale of two sexes - Couture MC, Garcia D, Whaley R, Grinshteyn E.
We examined associations... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Cerebral Hemorrhage and Alcohol Exposure: A Review Cerebral Hemorrhage and Alcohol Exposure: A Review
This review examined the evidence for the association of alcohol intake with intracerebral hemorrhage. What are the possible mechanisms underlying the link between chronic alcohol abuse and ICH?Alcohol and Alcoholism (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - February 26, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychiatry Journal Article Source Type: news

Non-Invasive Evaluation of Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) and...
This expert-led webinar will review the most promising biomarkers for NASH fibrosis including their performance, advantages and limitations in both clinical development and in daily clinical practice.(PRWeb February 26, 2020)Read the full story at https://www.prweb.com/releases/non_invasive_evaluation_of_non_alcoholic_steatohepatitis_nash_and_advanced_fibrosis_present_and_future_upcoming_webinar_hosted_by_xtalks/prweb16936077.htm (Source: PRWeb: Medical Pharmaceuticals)
Source: PRWeb: Medical Pharmaceuticals - February 26, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

The role of social support on the effects of stress and depression on African American tobacco and alcohol use - Boateng-Poku A, Benca-Bachman CE, Najera DD, Whitfield KE, Taylor JL, Thorpe RJ, Palmer RHC.
OBJECTIVES: The current study explored whether social support (SS) from family and peers, influences the relationship between depressed mood (DM) and substance use (SU). We hypothesized that SS would have a protective effect on DM, and moderate the associa... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Substance use disorders and risk of suicide in a general US population: a case control study - Lynch FL, Peterson EL, Lu CY, Hu Y, Rossom RC, Waitzfelder BE, Owen-Smith AA, Hubley S, Prabhakar D, Keoki Williams L, Beck A, Simon GE, Ahmedani BK.
BACKGROUND: Prior research suggests that substance use disorders (SUDs) are associated with risk of suicide mortality, but most previous work has been conducted among Veterans Health Administration patients. Few studies have examined the relationship betwe... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Posttraumatic stress, alcohol use severity, and alcohol use motives among firefighters: the role of anxiety sensitivity - Lebeaut A, Tran JK, Vujanovic AA.
INTRODUCTION: Firefighters are vulnerable to developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD). Anxiety sensitivity (AS) is a cognitive-affective mechanism with clinical relevance to both PTSD and AUD. The current study examine... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Importance of a standard unit dose for cannabis research - Volkow ND, Weiss SRB.
Recognizing the increasing diversity of cannabis products and their expanded use, Freeman& Lorenzetti propose a standard unit dose of 5 mg 9 ‐tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) to be used for all cannabis products, regardless of method of administration 1. T... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Impacts of interactions between ADH1B and ALDH2 genotypes on alcohol flushing, alcohol reeking on the day after drinking, and age distribution in Japanese alcohol-dependent men - Yokoyama A, Yokoyama T, Matsui T, Mizukami T, Kimura M, Matsushita S, Higuchi S, Maruyama K.
This study sought to evaluate the impacts of interactions between the alcohol dehydrogenase-1B (rs1229984) genotype and the aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 (rs671) genotype on alcohol flushing, alcohol reeking on the day after drinking, and the age dis... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Engagement in a novel internet intervention for alcohol reduction: a qualitative study of user motivations and experiences - Black N, Loomes M, Juraskova I, Johnston I.
Internet interventions are effective in reducing alcohol consumption, but little is known regarding their acceptability. We aimed to inform recruitment and retention strategies by exploring users' motivations and experiences in using a novel, Internet inte... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Circumstances of overdose among street-involved, opioid-injecting women: drug, set, and setting - Ataiants J, Roth AM, Mazzella S, Lankenau SE.
INTRODUCTION: Current discourses about the causes of the overdose crisis largely focus on the harmful effects of drugs. Prior research, however, indicates that drug use experience is shaped by complex interactions of drugs with physiological and mental "se... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

A community-driven and evidence-based approach to developing mental wellness strategies in First Nations: a program protocol - Morton Ninomiya M, George NP, George J, Linklater R, Bull J, Plain S, Graham K, Bernards S, Peach L, Stergiopoulos V, Kurdyak P, McKinley G, Donnelly P, Wells S.
BACKGROUND: Mental health, substance use/addiction and violence (MSV) are important issues affecting the well-being of Indigenous People in Canada. This paper outlines the protocol for a research-to-action program called the Mental Wellness Program (MWP). ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Health and social care providers' perspectives of older people's drinking: a systematic review and thematic synthesis of qualitative studies - Bareham BK, Kaner E, Spencer L, Hanratty B.
BACKGROUND: alcohol may increase risks to late-life health, due to its impact on conditions or medication. Older adults must weigh up the potential risks of drinking against perceived benefits associated with positive roles of alcohol in their social lives... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

The relationship between exposure to alcohol marketing and underage drinking is causal - Sargent JD, Babor TF.
This article summarizes the findings of narrative and systematic literature reviews focused on the relationship between exposure to alcohol marketing and youth drinking, viewed in context of criteria for causality. We also consider the implicati... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Psychological processes underlying effects of alcohol marketing on youth drinking - Jackson KM, Bartholow BD.
This article presents a review of empirical studies and relevant theoretical models proposing plausible psychological mechanisms or... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Exposure to digital alcohol marketing and alcohol use: a systematic review - Noel JK, Sammartino CJ, Rosenthal SR.
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol marketing has proliferated on digital media, such as websites, social media, and apps. A systematic review was conducted to examine studies of associations between exposure to digital alcohol marketing and alcohol consumption. ME... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

A neurobiological model of alcohol marketing effects on underage drinking - Courtney AL, Casey BJ, Rapuano KM.
OBJECTIVE: Although an association between exposure to alcohol advertising and underage drinking is well documented, the underlying neurobiological contributions to this association remain largely unexplored. From an epidemiological perspective, identifyin... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Doctors Discover Booze Brewing In Sober Woman's Bladder
The 61-year-old patient was denied a liver transplant because doctors thought she was hiding an alcohol abuse problem. (Source: Science - The Huffington Post)
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - February 25, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: news

Woman's Body Actually 'Auto-Brewed' Alcohol
The doctors, at the University of Pittsburgh, say it's a previously unrecognized variant of so-called auto-brewery syndrome. ABS, which has been reported sporadically over the years, occurs when yeast builds up in the gut and converts sugar from food into alcohol. (Source: WebMD Health)
Source: WebMD Health - February 25, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

The association between recreational cannabis commercialization and cannabis exposures reported to the US National Poison Data System - Shi Y, Liang D.
This study examined the associations of cannabis exposures with recreation... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Associations between augmentee status, deployment stress preparedness and depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, and binge drinking in U.S. Servicewomen - Cucciare MA, Mengeling MA, Han X, Torner J, Sadler AG.
BACKGROUND: Being deployed without one's home unit (individual-augmentee) and low perceived deployment preparedness are risk factors for mental health symptoms and substance use in male service members. However, these relationships have not been examined s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Alcohol-induced deaths among American Indian and Alaska Native individuals-"drinking was what I and others just did" - Manson SM.
Alcohol was a way of life for me, my family, my friends, my community. I used to think being Indian was about drinking. That I couldn ’t stop because I was Indian… and if I did, I would no longer be Indian. The bad things about being a drunk were al... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Alcohol marketing and youth drinking: is there a causal relationship, and why does it matter? - Sargent JD, Cukier S, Babor TF.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The woman who urinates ALCOHOL: 61-year-old denied accusations she was an alcoholic
The unidentified woman, from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, was put on a waiting list for a liver transplant after suffering cirrhosis, a condition synonymous with alcohol abuse. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - February 25, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Weight-based bullying linked to increased adolescent alcohol, marijuana use
(American Psychological Association) Adolescents who are bullied about their weight or body shape may be more likely to use alcohol or marijuana than those who are not bullied, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Alcohol-related cognitive mechanisms underlying adolescent alcohol use and alcohol problems: outcome expectancy, self-schema, and self-efficacy - Lee CK, Corte C, Stein KF, Feng JY, Liao LL.
The objective of this study was to empirically test a theoretical model to determine the cognitive mechanisms that are associated with adolescent alcohol use and alcohol problems. We posited that alcohol outcome expectancies would affect alcohol-r... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Relations among religiosity, age of self-identification as gay, lesbian, or bisexual, and alcohol use among college students - Corbin WR, Ong TQ, Champion C, Fromme K.
Research indicates that lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youth are at increased risk for heavy drinking relative to their heterosexual peers. One possible contributing factor is that religiosity fails to provide the significant protection for LGB youth tha... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Smartphone-based secondary prevention intervention for university students with unhealthy alcohol use identified by screening: study protocol of a parallel group randomized controlled trial - Bertholet N, Schmutz E, Grazioli VS, Faouzi M, McNeely J, Gmel G, Daeppen JB, Cunningham JA.
BACKGROUND: Unhealthy alcohol use is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among young people, including university students. Delivering secondary prevention interventions against unhealthy alcohol use is challenging. Information technology has the po... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

A 'community enterprise' model for recreational cannabis: lessons from alcohol licensing trusts in New Zealand - Rychert M, Wilkins C.
The legalisation of cannabis on the American continent in recent years has reinvigorated calls for cannabis law reform in many countries. Yet researchers have described potentially negative public health and social impacts of profit driven commercial marke... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news