Closer to human -- Mouse model more accurately reproduces fatty liver disease
(Baylor College of Medicine) Researchers have developed a novel mouse model that reproduces many key features of human non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a little-understood condition that significantly increases the risk of inflammation, fibrosis and liver cancer and ultimately requires liver transplant. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - April 13, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Kansas City Chiefs' Britt Reid was allegedly intoxicated, traveling 84 mph before car crash that injured girl
Britt Reid had a blood alcohol concentration of .113 percent after the crash, prosecutors said Monday. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - April 12, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Evaluation of a local ordinance to prevent any underage purchases in liquor stores: the need for enforcement - Milam AJ, Furr-Holden CDM, Nesoff ED, Trangenstein PJ.
OBJECTIVE: In June 2012, Baltimore City, MD, enacted legislation (commonly referred to as the Mosby Bill) prohibiting all liquor stores (outlets that primarily sell alcoholic beverages) from selling "any food, goods, wares, supplies, or other merchandise t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 12, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Harmful consequences of heavy episodic drinking in young people in Denmark - Tolstrup J, M øller SP, Grønbæk M, Hviid SS, Askgaard G.
Danish young people have a high alcohol intake as summarised in this review. Heavy drinking is associated with risk of adverse events such as accidents, violence, taking drugs or sex that is later regretted. Also, school performance may be affected negativ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 12, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Limited evidence of associations between executive functioning and alcohol involvement in UK adolescents - Burton S, Puddephatt JA, Baines L, Sheen F, Warren JG, Jones A.
AIMS: Deficits in motor inhibitory control and working memory have been hypothesized to be both a cause and consequence of heavy alcohol use. Adolescence is a critical developmental stage for inhibitory control and working memory, and it is also a stage wh... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 12, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Excessive Drinking Rose During the Pandemic. Here Are Ways to Cut Back.
Many Americans increased their alcohol intake during the pandemic, with women and parents of young children disproportionately affected. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - April 12, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Anahad O ’Connor Tags: Alcohol Abuse Quarantine (Life and Culture) Content Type: Service Anxiety and Stress Parenting Psychology and Psychologists Mental Health and Disorders Source Type: news

Alcoholic fatty liver disease symptoms: What to expect when the damage is mild or severe
ALCOHOLIC fatty liver disease can lead to detrimental scarring in this vital organ; consequently, liver failure is a real life-threatening risk you take if you continue to drink alcohol. (Source: Daily Express - Health)
Source: Daily Express - Health - April 11, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Pandemic drinking puts more than 100 people in hospital
Official Government data shows the NHS dealt with more than three-quarters of a million alcohol-related admissions between April and December last year. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - April 11, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Alcoholic fatty liver disease symptoms: Bruising on the skin may mean the liver is damaged
ALCOHOLIC fatty liver disease can lead to detrimental scarring in this vital organ; consequently, liver failure is a real life-threatening risk you take if you continue to drink alcohol. (Source: Daily Express - Health)
Source: Daily Express - Health - April 10, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Usability and acceptability of a mobile app for the self-management of alcohol misuse among veterans (Step Away): pilot cohort study - Malte CA, Dulin PL, Baer JS, Fortney JC, Danner AN, Lott AMK, Hawkins EJ.
BACKGROUND: Alcohol misuse is common among Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans, yet barriers limit treatment participation. Mobile apps hold promise as means to deliver alcohol interventions to veterans who prefer to remain anon... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Alcohol industry arguments for liberalizing alcohol policy in Finland: analysis of Twitter data - Sama TB, Konttinen I, Hiilamo H.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the arguments used by the alcohol industry and actors aligning with it as a lobbying strategy on Twitter to influence the reform of the Finnish alcohol law during its preparation phase between 2014 and 20... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Ghana: AAF & B Optimistic About Prospects of Beverage Industry Despite Covid-19
[Ghanaian Times] Despite the serious setbacks caused to businesses by COVID-19, alcoholic drinks producers, AA Food and Beverages (AAF&B) believes that there are still bright prospects for the industry. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 10, 2021 Category: African Health Source Type: news

My Spouse Is Depressed: Tips on How to Help and Cope
Is your spouse depressed? If your loved one withdraws from activities or sex, spends more time alone, or drinks more alcohol than they once did, they may have depression. Find out what to do if your partner refuses to get therapy and get tips to protect your own mental health. (Source: WebMD Health)
Source: WebMD Health - April 9, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Ketamine use in operation Enduring Freedom - Leslie E, Pittman E, Drew B, Walrath B.
INTRODUCTION: Ketamine is a dissociative anesthetic increasingly used in the prehospital and battlefield environment. As an analgesic, it has been shown to have comparable effects to opioids. In 2012, the Defense Health Board advised the Joint Trauma Syste... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Can you drink alcohol after getting the COVID-19 vaccine?
You may be ready to pop the champagne or crack open a beer and celebrate, but hold on for a moment. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - April 9, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Biden announces executive actions to curb gun violence "epidemic"
The president nominated David Chipman, a former special agent with the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, to lead the agency. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - April 8, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

An examination of retailers' compliance with the minimum legal drinking (purchasing) age law in Slovenia: a quasi-experimental intervention study - Kamin T, Čož S, Atanasova S.
This study examines (1) retai... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Effects of low-dose alcohol exposure in adolescence on subsequent alcohol drinking in adulthood in a rat model of depression - Siska F, Amchova P, Kuruczova D, Tizabi Y, Ruda-Kucerova J.
OBJECTIVE: Adolescence drinking and subsequent development of alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a worldwide health concern. In particular, mood dysregulation or early alcohol exposure can be the cause of heavy drinking in some individuals or a consequence of h... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Alcohol hangover across the lifespan: impact of sex and age - Verster JC, Severeijns NR, Sips ASM, Saeed HM, Benson S, Scholey A, Bruce G.
AIM: To investigate the relationship between age and hangover frequency and severity. METHOD: An online survey, generated through Facebook, collected self-report data relating to alcohol consumption from 761 Dutch alcohol consumers aged 18-94  year... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Perspectives re-legalizing cannabis for medical use in the USA - Victor B, Hager K, Stacy S.
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this paper is to discuss the history of cannabis, its benefits, risks and the federal re-legalization of cannabis for medical use in the USA. METHODS: Thirty-six states have legalized cannabis as a medicinal substance. Ca... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Opioids: A 'crisis' of too much or not enough - or simply how rich you are and where you live? - Miyachi T, Ozaki A, Saito H, Sawano T, Tanimoto T, Crump A.
The 'Opioid Crisis', which originated in Western countries, has been misrepresented and is misinforming the global public. For 20  years, since the advent of the synthetic opioids, 25,000 Americans, on average, have died annually from opioid-related overdo... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Examining the alcohol-related consequences of adult drinkers who self-report medicating low mood with alcohol: an analysis of the 2001-2002 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions survey data - Mc Hugh R, Mc Bride O.
The aim of this paper is to examine the alcohol-related consequences experienced by adults who experienced a two-week period of low mood and identify as a 'self-mediator' compared to those who do not. Our focus is on assessing whether the conceptualization... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Evidence for the transfer of methadone and EDDP by sweat to children's hair - Feld K, Dahm P, Kieliba T, Klee A, Rothschild MA, Andresen-Streichert H, Beike J.
In cases where there is a question as to whether children have come into contact with drugs, examinations of their scalp hair are frequently carried out. Positive test results are often discussed in the forensic community due to the various possible modes ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Cognitive processing therapy for substance-involved sexual assault: does an account help or hinder recovery? - Jaffe AE, Kaysen D, Smith BN, Galovski T, Resick PA.
Sexual assault (SA) often occurs in the context of substances, which can impair the trauma memory and contribute to negative cognitions like self-blame. Although these factors may affect posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatment, outcomes for substanc... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Fatty liver disease symptoms: Three symptoms that are so subtle you might miss them
FATTY liver disease is an umbrella term for conditions characterised by a build-up of fat in the liver. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is largely symptomless until the condition progresses - when this happens, a number of subtle symptoms may surface. (Source: Daily Express - Health)
Source: Daily Express - Health - April 8, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Billboard and storefront ads for cannabis linked to problematic use in teens
(Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs) Adolescents who frequently see billboard or storefront advertisements for recreational cannabis are more likely to use the drug weekly and to have symptoms of a cannabis use disorder, according to a new study in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

COVID-19: guidance for commissioners and providers of services for people who use drugs or alcohol, DHSC and PHE (updated 7th April 2021)
Guidance for commissioners and service providers for those dependent on drugs or alcohol. 7 April 2021Updated guidance to reflect current practice in services. 31 March 2021Removed links to withdrawn national lockdown guidance (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - April 7, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Migration intentions and alcohol use among adolescents in West-Central Mexico - Marsiglia FF, Wu S, Han SY, Nu ño-Gutiérrez BL, Garcia-Perez H, Yabiku ST, Glick JE.
This study explores the association between migration intentions and alcohol use among west-central Mexico adolescents living in high migration communities. This study used the baseline data from the Family Migration and Early Life Outcomes (FAMELO) projec... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Opioids and injury deaths: a population-based analysis of the United States from 2006 to 2017 - Truong EI, Kishawi SK, Ho VP, Tadi RS, Warner DF, Claridge JA, Tseng ES.
INTRODUCTION: In the United States, the opioid epidemic claims over 130 lives per day due to overdoses. While the use of opioids in trauma patients has been well-described in the literature, it is unknown whether prescription opioid use is associated with ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Postmortem screening of opioids, benzodiazepines, and alcohol among rural and urban suicide decedents - Bensley KMK, Kerr WC, Barnett SB, Mulia N.
PURPOSE: Fatal suicides involving opioids are increasingly common, particularly in rural areas. As co-use of opioids with other substances contributes significantly to mortality risk, we examined whether positive screens for opioids with other substances i... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Ghost guns: spookier than you think they are - Wintemute GJ.
Off-the-books, untraceable "ghost guns" can now be manufactured at home, easily, and in large numbers; they contribute ever more frequently to firearm violence, including hate violence and domestic terrorism. The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Ex... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

Doctors Have Reported an Extremely Rare Case of a Person Who Urinates Alcohol
A woman in Pittsburgh has become the first documented case in a living person of an unusual medical condition where alcohol naturally... (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - April 6, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Co-use of alcohol and cannabis: longitudinal associations with mental health outcomes in young adulthood - Thompson K, Holley M, Sturgess C, Leadbeater B.
We examined the longitudinal association between concurrent and simultaneous (SAM) co-use of alcohol and cannab... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Addressing long overdue social and structural determinants of the opioid epidemic - El-Bassel N, Shoptaw S, Goodman-Meza D, Ono H.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Association between exposure to alcohol's harm to others and health-related quality of life in Korean adults: a nationwide population-based study - Eum MJ, Choi MJ.
This study aimed to investigate the association between exposure to alcohol's harm to others (AHTO) and health-related quality of life HRQoL using a nationally representative sample. Data from 2016-2018 of 17,346 South Korean individuals aged ≥19 years w... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Anabolic steroids and extreme violence: a case of murder after chronic intake and under acute influence of metandienone and trenbolone - Aknouche F, Gheddar L, Kernall éguen A, Maruejouls C, Kintz P.
A 32-year-old male went to the police to claim he just killed his girlfriend by inflicting several stabs with a kitchen knife. He was very nervous and particularly aggressive. About 90  min after the assault, a blood specimen was collected with natrium flu... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Alcohol consumption among freshman college students in Spain: individual and pooled analyses of three cross-sectional surveys (2005, 2012 and 2016) - Busto Miramontes A, Moure-Rodr íguez L, Mallah N, Díaz-Geada A, Corral M, Cadaveira F, Caamaño-Isorna F.
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate changes in the prevalence of Heavy Episodic Drinking (HED) and Risky Consumption (RC) in freshman college students between 2005, 2012 and 2016; and to identify the explanatory variables of these patterns of consumption using... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

To the Editor: Our response to "Substance use improvement depends on Race/Ethnicity: Outpatient treatment disparities observed in a large US national sample" - Jordan A, Nich C, Babuscio T, Quainoo S, Carroll K.
[The publisher has not provided an abstract for this article.] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

The effects of alcohol hangover on response inhibition and attentional bias towards alcohol-related stimuli - Gunn C, Fairchild G, Verster JC, Adams S.
Alcohol hangover is associated with the development of alcohol use disorders, yet few studies have examined the influence of hangover on cognitive processes that may contribute towards future alcohol consumption such as response inhibition and attentional ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Computer-delivered personalized feedback intervention for hazardous drinkers with elevated anxiety sensitivity: a pilot randomized controlled trial - Paulus DJ, Gallagher MW, Neighbors C, Zvolensky MJ.
This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and initial efficacy of a single session remotely-delivered personalized feedba... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Classifying alcohol control policies with respect to expected changes in consumption and alcohol-attributable harm: the example of Lithuania, 2000-2019 - Rehm J, Štelemėkas M, Ferreira-Borges C, Jiang H, Lange S, Neufeld M, Room R, Casswell S, Tran A, Manthey J.
Due to the high levels of alcohol use, alcohol-attributable mortality and burden of disease, and detrimental drinking patterns, Lithuania implemented a series of alcohol control policies within a relatively short period of time, between 2008 and 2019. Base... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Alcohol's effects on bystander intervention strategies to prevent sexual assault - Bridges AJ, Mobley AM, Augur IF, Marcantonio TL, Wiersma-Mosley JD, Jozkowski KN, Ham LS.
Alcohol's effects on bystander responses to potential sexual assault situations are understudied. In this mixed-methods study, we examined quality of bystander responses in intoxicated versus sober people. Participants were 121 young adults (ages 21-29, 50... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Extending the "Worst of Both Worlds" hypothesis to the developmental antecedents of crime and substance use: school bullying and alcohol experimentation - Walters GD.
The "Worst of Both Worlds" (WBW) hypothesis holds that individuals who both commit crime and misuse drugs are at significantly greater risk for future crime and drug problems than individuals who only commit crime or only misuse drugs. In the current inves... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Gender differences in the prediction of alcohol intoxication among adolescents - Jovi čić Burić D, Muslić L, Krašić S, Markelić M, Pejnović Franelić I, Musić Milanović S.
This study aimed to examine social determinants related to family, peers and school achievement as risk factors for alcohol in... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The influence of alcohol consumption on fighting, shoplifting and vandalism in young adults - Evans I, Heron J, Murray J, Hickman M, Hammerton G.
Experimental studies support the conventional belief that people behave more aggressively whilst under the influence of alcohol. To examine how these experimental findings manifest in real life situations, this study uses a method for estimating evidence f... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Parents' initiation of alcohol drinking among elementary and kindergarten students - Eto K, Sugimoto M.
This study identified the association between parental alcohol-related knowledge ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Can educational videos reduce opioid consumption in trauma inpatients? A cluster-randomized pilot study - Tseng ES, Zolin SJ, Young BT, Claridge JA, Conrad-Schnetz KJ, Curfman ET, Wise NL, Lemaitre VC, Ho VP.
BACKGROUND: Opioids are often used to treat pain after traumatic injury, but patient education on safe use of opioids is not standard. To address this gap, we created a video-based opioid education program for patients. We hypothesized that video viewing w... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Drinking to cope as a mechanism between sleep problems and heavy episodic drinking among trauma survivors - Brockdorf AN, Haws JK, Brock RL, Gratz KL, Messman TL, DiLillo D.
OBJECTIVE: Women who have experienced trauma report high rates of heavy episodic drinking (HED) and sleep problems. Prior work suggests that poor sleep exacerbates heavy alcohol use; however, potential mechanisms for this association are unclear. Consisten... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Clinical effects of intravenous bupropion misuse reported to a regional poison center - McCabe DJ, McGillis E, Willenbring BA.
Bupropion is an antidepressant medication with expanding indications including smoking cessation, weight loss, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, seasonal affective disorder, and amphetamine dependence. Despite its increasing popularity among provid... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Predictors of safe prescription opioid storage and participation in drug take-back events: results from a statewide survey - Broman MJ, Ellis JD, Victor GA, Kollin R, Pasman E, Lister JJ, Resko SM.
Improper storage and disposal of prescribed opioids can lead to diversion or accidental poisonings. Studies of emergency department and cancer patients suggest prescription opioids are rarely stored securely or disposed of when unneeded. Safe storage and d... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news