Efficacy of Alcohol Interventions for Incarcerated People Efficacy of Alcohol Interventions for Incarcerated People
How effective are current alcohol interventions in the prison setting?Alcohol and Alcoholism (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - August 16, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychiatry Journal Article Source Type: news

Medical News Today: What long-term cannabis use can do to your brain
Cannabis and cannabis-based drugs are increasingly used for clinical purposes, but researchers warn they may also harm the brain. A new study explains how. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - August 15, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Alcohol / Addiction / Illegal Drugs Source Type: news

Women's evolving roles in drug trafficking in the United States: new conceptualizations needed for 21st-century markets - Anderson TL, Kavanaugh PR.
Drugs and crime research and theory in the United States originated after President Nixon declared the first War on Drugs in 1971. This research agenda promised to reveal the scope, dynamics, and impact of the drugs-crime relationship, thus promising solut... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Voices of the banned: emergent causality and the unforeseen consequences of patron banning policies - S øgaard TF.
In Western cities, public authorities are increasingly resorting to the use of patron banning orders as means of reducing alcohol and other drug-related harms in nightlife. While the use of banning orders is often hailed by authorities, due to their presum... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA): new directions - McCance-Katz EF.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Opioid use disorder documented at delivery hospitalization - United States, 1999-2014 - Haight SC, Ko JY, Tong VT, Bohm MK, Callaghan WM.
Opioid use by pregnant women represents a significant public health concern given the association of opioid exposure and adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes, including preterm labor, stillbirth, neonatal abstinence syndrome, and maternal mortality (1,2)... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Naloxone administration frequency during emergency medical service events - United States, 2012-2016 - Cash RE, Kinsman J, Crowe RP, Rivard MK, Faul M, Panchal AR.
As the opioid epidemic in the United States has continued since the early 2000s (1,2), most descriptions have focused on misuse and deaths. Increased cooperation with state and local partners has enabled more rapid and comprehensive surveillance of nonfata... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Medical marijuana laws and workplace fatalities in the United States - Anderson DM, Rees DI, Tekin E.
AIMS: The aim of this research was to determine the association between legalizing medical marijuana and workplace fatalities. DESIGN: Repeated cross-sectional data on workplace fatalities at the state-year level were analyzed using a multivariate ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Is culturally based prevention effective? Results from a 3-year tribal substance use prevention program - Kelley A, Fatupaito B, Witzel M.
American Indian youth substance use is a major public health concern. To date, there has been limited evaluation of American Indian youth substance use prevention programs. Evaluation of prevention programs is necessary to understand the aspects of program... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Frame analysis of drug narratives in network news coverage - Orsini MM.
Mass media sources influence numerous aspects of society including public perceptions of social problems and public policy. Illegal drugs have been stigmatized in the U.S. media for decades using particular frames, devices, and rhetorical practices, which ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Experience of domestic violence and psychological morbidity in spouses of alcohol-dependent males - Indu PV, Jinu CR, Pallikkal NR, Sampathkumar R, Joy J.
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of both domestic violence (DV) and alcohol use is reported to be high in Kerala. The prevalence of DV and psychological morbidity in spouses of alcohol-dependent males has not been studied objectively. METHODS: This cross-sec... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Design of an experimental protocol to examine medication non-adherence among young drivers diagnosed with ADHD: A driving simulator study - Lee YC, Ward McIntosh C, Winston F, Power T, Huang P, Onta ñón S, Gonzalez A.
The diagnosis of ADHD among teens and young adults has been associated with a higher likelihood of motor vehicle crashes. Some studies suggest a beneficial effect of ADHD medication but the exact efficacy is still being debated. Further, medication adheren... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Depression among military spouses: demographic, military, and service member psychological health risk factors - Donoho CJ, LeardMann C, O'Malley CA, Walter KH, Riviere LA, Curry JF, Adler AB.
This study uses data from the largest study of military families in the United States to examine the demogr... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Decomposing socioeconomic inequalities in alcohol use by men living in South African urban informal settlements - Lawana N, Booysen F.
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of alcohol consumption among males living in urban settlements in South Africa is high. This paper aims to measure socioeconomic inequalities in alcohol use among men residing  in informal settlements and also to examine the fact... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Constructing drug using victims: race and class in policy debates on ecstasy use in the U.S - Laguna S.
Sociologists and political scientists examining the social construction of public anxiety surrounding drug use in the United States have argued that racial minorities are the targets of the harshest drug laws while middle-class whites are shielded. In this... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Assembling the social and political dimensions of take-home naloxone - Farrugia A, Fraser S, Dwyer R.
This commentary explores the complex position that take-home naloxone holds as a harm reduction strategy in contemporary public health contexts. Providing the opioid antagonist naloxone to people who consume opioids and others likely to witness opioid over... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Area-level relative deprivation and alcohol use in Denmark: is there a relationship? - Bloomfield K, Berg-Beckhoff G, Seid AK, Stock C.
AIMS: Greater area-level relative deprivation has been related to poorer health behaviours, but studies specifically on alcohol use and abuse have been equivocal. The main purpose of the present study was to investigate how area-level relative deprivation ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

An ocfentanil-related death case: UHPLC-MS/MS analysis of the drug - Casati S, Minoli M, Angeli I, Ravelli A, Crudele GDL, Orioli M.
A drug-related fatality involving ocfentanil (OcF) is reported in this work. OcF is a potent synthetic opioid, structurally analogue of fentanyl, abused as a new psychoactive substance in the recreational drug scene. A 39-year-old man with a history of her... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Alcohol outlets, neighborhood retail environments, and pedestrian injury risk - Nesoff ED, Milam AJ, Branas CC, Martins SS, Knowlton AR, Furr-Holden DM.
BACKGROUND: Alcohol outlet density has been associated with increased pedestrian injury risk. It is unclear whether this is because alcohol outlets are located in dense retail areas with heavy pedestrian traffic or whether alcohol outlets contribute a uniq... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Alcohol abuse in subjects developing or not developing posttraumatic stress disorder after trauma exposure - Brunetti M, Martinotti G, Sepede G, Vellante F, Fiori F, Sarchione F, Giannantonio M.
Background and Objectives: The complex relation between trauma and alcohol abuse is still far to be recognized. Traumatic experiences can prompt and facilitate an excessive use of alcohol. On the other hand, alcohol use may increase the possibility ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

A survey of clinical approaches to suicide risk assessment for patients intoxicated on alcohol - Simpson SA.
This study aims to describe pract... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Effect of electronic screening and brief intervention on hazardous or harmful drinking among adults in the hospital outpatient setting: a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial - Johnson NA, Kypri K, Saunders JB, Saitz R, Attia J, Latter J, McElduff P, Dunlop A, Doran C, Wolfenden L, McCambridge J.
BACKGROUND: Most trials of electronic alcohol screening and brief intervention (e-SBI) have been conducted in young people. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of e-SBI in adults with hazardous or harmful drinking. METHODS: This indivi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Young Adults Source Type: news

Both Abstinence and High Alcohol Use Linked to Dementia
TUESDAY, Aug. 14, 2018 -- Abstinence in midlife and consumption of more than 14 units of alcohol per week are associated with increased risk of dementia, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in The BMJ. S éverine Sabia, Ph.D., from the... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - August 14, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Drinking vodka Red Bulls makes people more likely to get into a fight, scientists suggest
Researchers from the University of Portsmouth found that when zebrafish are exposed to alcohol and a chemical in energy drinks, they spend more time on their own and do not avoid predators. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - August 14, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Alcohol NI's 'biggest healthcare problem'
Alcohol misuse is the "greatest healthcare problem facing Northern Ireland", a coroner has said. (Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition)
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - August 14, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Mixing energy drinks with alcohol could enhance the negative effects of binge drinking
(University of Portsmouth) A key ingredient of energy drinks could be exacerbating some of the negative effects of binge drinking according to a new study. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Alcohol, Opioid Addiction Meds Reduce Crime, Suicidality Alcohol, Opioid Addiction Meds Reduce Crime, Suicidality
Medications used to treat alcohol and opioid use disorder reduce arrest rates, suicidal behavior, and accidental overdose.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - August 13, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

Parent-based interventions on adolescent alcohol use outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis - Bo A, Hai AH, Jaccard J.
This study examines the effects of parent-based interventions on adolescent alcohol use and whether the treat... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Exposure to drinking mediates the association between parental alcohol use and preteen alcohol use - Smit K, Otten R, Voogt C, Kleinjan M, Engels R, Kuntsche E.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to test the link between exposure to parental alcohol use (i.e., preteens seeing their parents drinking) and preteen's alcohol use. Specifically, this study aimed to (a) replicate the association between parental... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

GI Dynamics wins FDA nod for pivotal US EndoBarrier trial
GI Dynamics (ASX:GID) said today it won FDA investigational device exemption approval to launch a pivotal trial of its EndoBarrier device designed for treating patients with type 2 diabetes and obesity, pending Institutional Review Board approval. The EndoBarrier device is a plastic gut sleeve designed to prevent the absorption of nutrients from food as it exits the stomach and enters the intestinal tract to treat type 2 diabetes and obesity, the Lexington, Mass.-based company said. The approval is a boon for the company, which has faced a number of hurdles with its device over the past few years, inclu...
Source: Mass Device - August 13, 2018 Category: Medical Devices Authors: Fink Densford Tags: Clinical Trials Diabetes Food & Drug Administration (FDA) Regulatory/Compliance Weight loss GI Dynamics Source Type: news

How Discovering Your Core Values Could Prevent Discontent
In conclusion, I would like to add a value quote that I came across during my research. I feel this is something that we all could reflect on. Consider the following food for thought: “When the way you think, speak and behave match your values, life feels very good. You feel whole, content, in control. But when these do not align with your personal values, then things feel… wrong. Life feels uneasy. You feel out of sorts, disconnected, restless, and unhappy.” – Melli O’Brien (Source: Psych Central)
Source: Psych Central - August 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cerena Reid-Maynard, LICSW Tags: Depression Essays Ethics & Morality General Motivation and Inspiration Personal Stories core values discontent Happiness Resentment Source Type: news

All about me … the best books about self-obsession
Solipsistic novels, a study of narcissism, a biography of a Michelin starred chef ... here are some of the best, from Dostoevsky to Karl Ove KnausgaardA level of self-absorption is a necessity for most writers. Every novel is ultimately about its author, and I like my non-fiction self-obsessed, too. Then there are the works that combine the two.Norwegian authorKarl Ove Knausgaard specialises in semi-fictional self-obsession.A Death in the Family, translated by Don Bartlett, charts a period of his life centring around his alcoholic father ’s death. Knausgaard has a spectacular gift for finding profundity in the mundan...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - August 13, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Will Storr Tags: Books Culture Karl Ove Knausgaard Fyodor Dostoevsky Psychology Society Biography books Fiction Source Type: news

Brief interventions during routine care reduce alcohol use among men with HIV
(Brown University) Brown-led study finds that motivational interviewing with personalized feedback and booster sessions produced substantial reductions in alcohol use among heavy-drinking men who have sex with men who are living with HIV. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - August 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Screening and brief advice to reduce adolescents' risk of riding with substance-using drivers - Knight JR, Csemy L, Sherritt L, Starostova O, Van Hook S, Bacic J, Finlay C, Tauber J, Brooks T, Kossack R, Kulig JW, Shaw J, Harris SK.
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol- and drug-related car crashes are a leading cause of death for adolescents in the United States. This analysis tested the effects of a computer-facilitated Screening and Brief Advice (cSBA) system for primary care on adolescents' reports... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Men's coercive condom use resistance: the roles of sexual aggression history, alcohol intoxication, and partner condom negotiation - Davis KC, Gulati NK, Neilson EC, Stappenbeck CA.
Condom use resistance (CUR) through coercive tactics is a significant public health concern. The present study investigated CUR risk factors through an alcohol administration experiment using a sexual risk analog with a community sample of male nonproblem ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Latent profile analysis of alcohol consumption and sexual attitudes among college women: associations with sexual victimization risk - Yeater EA, Witkiewitz K, L ópez G, Ross RS, Vitek K, Bryan A.
This study used latent profile analysis (LPA) to identify at-risk profiles of college freshman women ( n = 481) using self-reports of alcohol consumption and sociosexuality. Analyses resulted in three profiles labeled low alcohol use-low sociosexuality, hi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Evaluating the effectiveness of a medical amnesty policy change on college students' alcohol consumption, physiological consequences, and helping behaviors - Haas AL, Wickham RE, McKenna K, Morimoto E, Brown LM.
This study summarizes the association between medical amnesty policy (MAP) implementation and drinking behaviors at a 4-year university. METHOD: First-year students (N = 1,246; 50.8% male) were assessed in the academic year pre- (2009-20... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Alcohol use, mental health disability, and violence victimization in college women: exploring connections - Bonomi A, Nichols E, Kammes R, Chugani CD, De Genna NM, Jones K, Miller E.
The present study is an analysis of in-depth interviews with college women reporting a mental health disability and at least one experience of intimate partner violence (IPV) or sexual violence (SV) to elucidate how alcohol use is associated with both viol... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Alcohol use and abuse: a cross-sectional study among Italian adolescents - Giustino A, Stefanizzi P, Ballini A, Renzetti D, De Salvia MA, Finelli C, Coscia MF, Tafuri S, De Vito D.
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol is recognized as one of four major risk factors for non-communicable diseases. Exposure to alcoholic beverages during the adolescence has been linked to increased heavier drinking habits: obviously, the age of alcohol initiation resul... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

TriHealth partners with local medical practice to battle opioid epidemic
TriHealth is partnering with BrightView, a local medical practice that treats people battling drug or alcohol addictions, to help the hospital system ’s doctors and other providers with questions regarding the care of patients with opioid-use disorders. BrightView is an outpatient practice that uses medical treatment in conjunction with psychological and social services. Based in Walnut Hills, BrightView has five locations and plans to open tw o more soon. TriHealth said the partnership will complement… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Physician Practices headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Physician Practices headlines - August 10, 2018 Category: American Health Authors: Barrett J. Brunsman Source Type: news

Medical News Today: Psychedelic drugs 'may improve depression, anxiety, and PTSD'
Psychedelic drugs have a bad reputation, but could they be used to enhance psychotherapy? Some researchers argue they may help with anxiety and depression. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - August 10, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Alcohol / Addiction / Illegal Drugs Source Type: news

Even Light Drinking May Make Fatty Liver Disease Worse Even Light Drinking May Make Fatty Liver Disease Worse
People non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) may still need to avoid alcohol if they want to prevent their liver damage from getting worse, a Korean study suggests. The researchers examined data on 58,927 Korean young and middle aged adults with NAFLD who had low levels of fibrosis. After following half of these patients for at least 8.3 years, 5,630 people had progressed from low to more ...Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - August 10, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Medscape Today News Source Type: news

Why drink is the secret to humanity’s success
Alcohol has been more valuable to our species’ survival than we might imagine (Source: FT.com - Drugs and Healthcare)
Source: FT.com - Drugs and Healthcare - August 10, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Medical News Today: Can you mix cephalexin and alcohol?
Cephalexin, also spelled cefalexin, is an antibiotic. It belongs to a class of antibiotics known as first-generation cephalosporins, which doctors use to treat a range of bacterial infections. While some antibiotics are not safe to take when consuming alcohol, cephalexin does not usually cause adverse reactions. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - August 9, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pharmacy / Pharmacist Source Type: news

GPs double the amount of alcohol units patients claim to consume
A survey by London-based Direct Line Life Insurance found that out of the 191 GPs surveyed the doctors believe just 40 per cent of patients are honest about their alcohol consumption, others fear being judged. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - August 9, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

'How much do you drink?' GPs double the amount of alcohol units patients claim to consume
A survey by London-based Direct Line Life Insurance found that out of the 191 GPs surveyed the doctors believe just 40 per cent of patients are honest about their alcohol consumption, others fear being judged. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - August 9, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

For Pennies a Drink, Higher Taxes Would Help Counter Alcohol's Toll: Study
THURSDAY, Aug. 9, 2018 -- As a tool to reduce the public health toll of drinking, higher taxes on alcohol get the most bang for the buck, a new study finds. Worldwide, more than 4 percent of diseases and 5 percent of deaths are directly linked with... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - August 9, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Higher alcohol taxes are cost-effective in reducing alcohol harms
(Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs) Increasing taxes on alcohol is one of the most cost-effective methods of reducing the harms caused by alcohol consumption, according to research in the new issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - August 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The figure disbelieving doctors put on the drink claims of fibbing patients
SCEPTICAL family doctors double the amount of alcohol they think patients drink when they ask them about how much they consume. (Source: Daily Express - Health)
Source: Daily Express - Health - August 9, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Deaths from hepatitis C drop 11% in past year
Advanced liver disease and related cancers diagnoses stable Related items fromOnMedica Electronic ‘pill’ may revolutionise gut diagnoses England aims to be first in the world to eliminate hepatitis C Public health doctors encourage hepatitis C testing Alcohol consumption in late teens can predict risk of liver problems later (Source: OnMedica Latest News)
Source: OnMedica Latest News - August 9, 2018 Category: UK Health Source Type: news