The Cerebrospinal Fluid in Multiple Sclerosis

Conclusions OCB are important biomarkers that can support MRI diagnostics and help to avoid false-positive MS diagnoses. Therefore, the revised McDonalds criteria have increased the importance of the OCB. New biomarkers such as AQP4 have now established themselves in clinical practice, and others such as Anti-MOG and NfL are about to enter clinical routine. An important focus in the search for new biomarkers is the monitoring of therapy efficacy and the prediction of severe side effects. Many other CSF molecules such as CHI3L1, IL-6, or CXCL13 show potential as markers for clinical practice, but further research is needed to prove their importance. Author Contributions All authors listed have made a substantial, direct and intellectual contribution to the work, and approved it for publication. Conflict of Interest Statement The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Abbreviations AQP4, aquaporin 4; C1inh, Complement component 1-inhibitor; CAM, cell adhesion molecule; CDMS, clinical definite MS; CSF, cerebrospinal fluid; CHI3L, protein chitinase 3-like; CIS, clinically isolated syndrome; CXCL, chemokine (c-x-c motif) ligand; GFAP, glial fibrillary acidic protein; HC, healthy control; IL, interleukin; JCV, John Cunningham virus; MOG, myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein; MS, multiple sclerosis; Nf, neurofilament; NfH, Nf heavy; NfL, Nf light...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

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We present a surgical technique that diminishes tension of the repair with MCPJ flexion. Twenty-two EDC tendon stabilization procedures were performed between 2006 and 2017 using a tendon flap method. The selection criteria for this group of patients included completely dislocating extensor tendons with persistent complaints of pain and decrease in finger extension despite at least a 6-week conservative treatment attempt. All subjects underwent surgical treatment for tendon centralization using a distally based tendinous flap from the EDC sutured to the adjacent finger volar plate. A mathematical model was developed to ana...
Source: Techniques in Hand and Upper Extremity Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Technique Source Type: research
Radiocapitellar arthrosis represents a serious sequela of pediatric elbow injuries. Although persistent pain and disability are not uncommon in such cases, treatment remains controversial. The present study aimed to review the clinical outcomes after a new surgical treatment with partial radial head resection and corium interposition arthroplasty. To date, 3 adolescent cases underwent the surgical procedure and postoperative care. Thorough clinical and radiographic follow-up was performed. The mean age at the time of surgery was 14.4 years (range, 13 to 16 y) and mean duration of follow-up was 19 months (range, 12 t...
Source: Techniques in Hand and Upper Extremity Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Technique Source Type: research
We report a novel technique of modified dorsal intercarpal ligament (DICL) capsulodesis for the treatment of SL dissociation. The surgical indication for this procedure is complete SL ligament tear with a reducible carpal malalignment and no secondary osteoarthritis. This procedure is indicated when the remnant of torn ligament in the dorsal SL interosseous space is available for repair. First, carpal malalignment is corrected and the scaphoid and the lunate are temporarily fixed with a transosseous screw or Kirschner wires. Using a dorsal approach, the DICL is then exposed, which originates from the triquetrum and attache...
Source: Techniques in Hand and Upper Extremity Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Technique Source Type: research
Apply It! • How to create a concrete plan for disability inclusion at your fitness facility. • Learn specific examples of inclusive practices. • Understand common barriers and solutions to become accessible to all participants.
Source: ACSMs Health and Fitness Journal - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Features Source Type: research
We present a case report of an adult woman with AKL-positive ALCL, diagnosed by endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspirate (EBUS-TBNA).A 59-year-old women with no history of breast implants, was admitted for a four-month low back pain. Initially, the patient was treated for a spondyloarthropathy, but due to persistence of the symptoms, a lumbosacral MRI was performed, showing changes in morphology and signal intensity in the vertebral body of L3, along with edema and a paravertebral collection that affected the left psoas muscle, suggesting granulomatous spondylodiscitis. Chest CT-scan showed mild left ...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis large observational study based on claims data reliably identified subjects with COPD treated with open TT and their burden on the NHS. Moreover, it could describe the real clinical management of the open TT, before the marketing of the fixed one. These findings are useful for health policymakers in order to promote the appropriate utilization of both currently marketed and future therapies.
Source: Pulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractA series of novel benzotriazole derivatives containing iodine atom(s) were synthesized. The binding of these compounds to the catalytic subunit of human protein kinase CK2 was evaluated using differential scanning fluorimetry. The obtained thermodynamic data were compared with those determined previously for the brominated and chlorinated benzotriazole analogues to get a deeper insight into the thermodynamic contribution of iodine substitution to the free energy of ligand binding. We have shown that iodine atom(s) attached to the benzene ring of benzotriazole enhance(s) its binding by the target protein. This effec...
Source: IUBMB Life - Category: Research Authors: Tags: RESEARCH COMMUNICATION Source Type: research
Authors: Wong MCS, Huang J, Xu W, Chen P, Wang S, Zhang L, Zheng Z PMID: 32077859 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Hong Kong Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Hong Kong Med J Source Type: research
Conclusions: The evidence suggests differential effects of extended postclosure antibiotic duration on SSI odds contingent on the degree of contamination in open fracture wounds. Although extended antibiotic duration resulted in lower odds of SSI among patients with severely contaminated wounds, we observed a trend toward higher odds of SSI in mildly contaminated wounds. Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSION About one third of the injuries previously classified as grade III will be upgraded to grade IV using the 2018 AAST, which adds to the heterogeneity of grade IV injuries. Although the 2018 AAST grading provides more anatomic details on injury patterns and includes important radiologic findings, it did not outperform the 1989 AAST grading in predicting bleeding interventions. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE Prognostic and Epidemiological Study, level III.
Source: The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: AAST 2019 PODIUM PAPER Source Type: research
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