Global Health: Rapid Cure Approved for Sleeping Sickness, a Horrific Illness
Parasites transmitted by tsetse flies travel to the brain, causing paranoia, fury and death. Until now, killing them required hospitalization and harsh drugs. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - November 16, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: DONALD G. McNEIL Jr. Tags: Sleeping Sickness Parasites Drugs (Pharmaceuticals) Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative Doctors Without Borders Gates, Bill and Melinda, Foundation Sanofi SA Africa Congo, Democratic Republic of (Congo-Kinshasa) Fexinidazole Source Type: news

Tiny fish louse shows promise as a sensitive early indicator of metal pollution in freshwater
(Natural News) A common aquatic parasite might one day inform us about the presence of dangerous metals in drinking water. The fish louse (Argulus japonicus) is being tested as a biological early warning system for water quality, an article in Science Daily stated. Agricultural, industrial, and urban activities produce harmful chemicals and substances that can... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - November 15, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Disrupting parasites' family planning could aid malaria fight
(University of Edinburgh) Malaria parasites know good times from bad and plan their offspring accordingly, scientists have found, in a development that could inform new treatments. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - November 15, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Protection against Malaria: A matter of balance
(Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal)) A balanced production of pro and anti-inflammatory cytokines at two years of age protects against clinical malaria in early childhood, according to a study led by ISGlobal, an institution supported by " la Caixa " Foundation. The results also indicated that early exposure to the parasite does not affect the risk of developing the disease, although it could affect the parasite-specific immune response later in life. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - November 14, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Advanced computer technology & software turn species identification interactive
(Pensoft Publishers) Representing a group of successful biocontrol agents for various pest fruit flies, a parasitic wasp genus remains overlooked, with its most recent identification key dating back to 1969, even though many new species have been added since then. Through a recent study, published in the open access Biodiversity Data Journal, which also describes one new to science species, Swiss scientists demonstrate the advantages of new-age interactive identification keys, produced with specialised, free-to-use software. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

TGen North partners with NARBHA Institute to promote human health
(The Translational Genomics Research Institute) Microbial pathogens -- the bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites that can make you sick and even kill you -- often know no particular biological boundaries. TGen North, the Pathogen and Microbiome Division of the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen), has partnered with the non-profit NARBHA Institute to advance human health through the new TGen One Health Collaborative, an initiative that recognizes the interdependence of people, animals and plants in both the human-built and natural environments. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - November 14, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Treatment for canine leishmaniasis exists in Brazilian vaccine
(Morris Animal Foundation) A vaccine used to prevent dogs from contracting the deadly, parasitic disease canine leishmaniasis also can be used to treat currently infected dogs, found Morris Animal Foundation-funded researchers at the University of Iowa, providing a new avenue of treatment for millions of infected dogs globally. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Scientists divided over new research method to combat malaria
Work on engineered gene used to modify DNA of mosquitoes ‘could be stifled’ by perceived risk to environmentResearch on a radical new way to combat malaria and other devastating diseases could be knocked off track if a UN biodiversity conference imposes a moratorium on the work, a group of scientists have said.Some scientists believe the different approach has the potential to transform the battle against malaria. It involves engineered gene drives which are used to modify the DNA of wild organisms on a mass scale. In the case of mosquitoes the method would have the potential to wipe out populations of certain ...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - November 14, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Ian Sample Science editor Tags: Malaria Biodiversity Science Health World news United Nations Insects Wildlife Conservation Environment Source Type: news

Identification of mechanisms of pesticide resistance in cattle ticks
(Funda ç ã o de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de S ã o Paulo) Losses to herds due to parasites correspond to more than double the value of Brazil's annual beef exports, according to a study by Brazilian researchers published in Scientific Reports. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - November 13, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

WS267 release of WormBase
Please note that the WS267 release of WormBase is now live. Trichuris muris update Trinity assembled RNASeq reads from publicly available short read data at SRA have been added to Trichuris muris as additional track and alignments. In addition IsoSeq data from long-range PacBio data (provided by the Berriman lab), corrected by genome alignment has been used as additional source to build transcript models. In addition the Trichuris muris ncRNA gene set has increased from 26 to 759 following the integration of data produced by the WormBase Parasite ncRNA prediction pipeline. These transcripts have been fully integrated with ...
Source: WormBase - November 12, 2018 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Michael Paulini Tags: news release notes WS267 Source Type: news

CWRU-Led study triggers change in WHO treatment guidelines for lymphatic filariasis
(Case Western Reserve University) Researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have shown that a single 'cocktail' of three pill-based anti-parasite medications is significantly more effective at killing microscopic larval worms in people diagnosed with lymphatic filariasis, commonly known as elephantiasis, than other standard two-drug combinations previously used in the global effort to eliminate this infectious disease. A combination of all three drugs given simultaneously had never been tested until now. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - November 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

One of nature's best medicine, garlic is better at removing parasites in your body than conventional drugs
(Natural News) People have used garlic for thousands of years, whether it’s to add spice to a dish or treat various diseases. If a study in BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine is to be believed, the well-known herb can also treat a parasitic infection called schistosomiasis. The chronic condition, which also goes by snail fever, is caused by... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - November 6, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Global Health: Dogs Can Detect Malaria. How Useful Is That?
Canine can sniff out the socks worn by children carrying the mosquito-borne parasites, a study finds. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - November 5, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: DONALD G. McNEIL Jr. Tags: Dogs Malaria Smells and Odors American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene Durham University Africa Gambia Source Type: news

Gene study reveals secrets of parasitic worms, possible treatments
The largest study to date of the genetic makeup of parasitic worms has found hundreds of new clues about how they invade the human body, evade its immune system and cause disease. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - November 5, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Researchers Analyze Genomes of 81 Parasitic Worm Species
The new data could help identify treatments for diseases ranging from river blindness to schistosomiasis. (Source: The Scientist)
Source: The Scientist - November 5, 2018 Category: Science Tags: News & Opinion Source Type: news

New NYU Abu Dhabi research suggests corals produce molecules that can help resist disease
(New York University) In a new study published in Communications Biology, NYU Abu Dhabi Assistant Professor of Biology Shady Amin, along with Philippe Schmitt-Kopplin from the Helmholtz Center Munich, report that corals, though they are stationary organisms, can alter their surroundings by producing unique molecules that can help recruit healthy microbiomes and fight parasitic microbes. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - November 5, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Pretty Parasites With Dr. Pritt, part 5: Bad-news bugs
Parasites can be pretty: pretty cute, pretty awesome and sometimes pretty creepy.?This is the final article in a five-part series?featuring some of Dr. Bobbi Pritt's "freaky favorites", ranked from 1 (not too scary) to 5 (bad-news bugs). Freaky factor 5/5: A no good, terrible, rotten, very bad disease. There?s no getting around it:?Malaria is super [...] (Source: News from Mayo Clinic)
Source: News from Mayo Clinic - November 2, 2018 Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news

Tropical Disease Linked to Heart Trouble Turning Up in Border Security Dogs
THURSDAY, Nov. 1, 2018 -- More than 100 dogs used by U.S. agencies for border patrols, search and rescue, drugs and explosives detection and guarding federal buildings are infected with a parasite that could cause potentially deadly heart problems,... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - November 1, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Long-term prognosis of Chagas patients improved with anti-parasite drug
(PLOS) Researchers have found that the anti-parasite drug benznidazole may improve the long-term prognoses of patients with chronic Chagas disease, according to a study published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, by Clareci Silva Cardoso at the Federal University of S ã o Jo ã o del-Rei, Divin ó polis, Brazil, and colleagues from the SaMi-Trop study, a project funded by NIAID/NIH. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - November 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Pretty Parasites With Dr. Pritt, part 4: Love bugs
This article is part 4 of a five-part series?featuring some of?Dr. Bobbi Pritt's?"freaky favorites," ranked from 1 (not too scary) to 5 (bad-news bugs). Freaky factor 4/5: These worms have a cute love story. But they get into the body through the skin (yikes) [...] (Source: News from Mayo Clinic)
Source: News from Mayo Clinic - November 1, 2018 Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news

Generous funding to malaria-parasite researcher promises new therapeutic strategies
(University of California - Riverside) Karine Le Roch, a scientist at the University of California, Riverside, who researches the malaria-causing parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, is the principal investigator on two grants from the National Institutes of Health totaling nearly $6.6 million. Funding from each grant is for five years. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - October 31, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

New report finds tropical disease causing heart problems in dogs assisting with homeland security duties
(Burness) More than 100 working dogs employed by the federal government across the United States have been infected with the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, the cause of Chagas disease, which may lead to heart problems, according to a new study presented today at the American Society for Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (ASTMH) Annual Meeting. Chagas disease is a tropical infection spread by a blood-sucking triatomine or 'kissing bug' that may pose a growing threat in the United States. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - October 31, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Pretty Parasites With Dr. Pritt, part 3: 'Beaver fever' creature feature
This article is part three of a five-part series?featuring some of?Dr. Bobbi Pritt's?"freaky favorites," ranked from 1 (not too scary) to 5 (bad-news bugs).?? Freaky factor 3/5: Comes from poop and can last a few weeks. But it?s easy to prevent with hand washing [...] (Source: News from Mayo Clinic)
Source: News from Mayo Clinic - October 31, 2018 Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news

A study identifies new markers associated with protection by the RTS,S malaria vaccine
(Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal)) Protection conferred by the RTS,S malaria vaccine depends greatly on the amount and subclass of antibodies generated upon vaccination, and on previous exposure levels to the parasite, according to a study led by ISGlobal, an institution supported by 'la Caixa' Foundation. The results, published in BMC Medicine, shed new light on the mechanisms by which RTS,S confers protection and provide the basis for developing more efficacious vaccines. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - October 30, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Pretty Parasites With Dr. Pritt, part 2: Scalp explorers
This article is part two of a five-part series?featuring some of Dr. Bobbi Pritt's "freaky favorites," ranked from 1 (not too scary) to 5 (bad-news bugs). Freaky factor 2/5: Sure, they crawl around on your head sucking your blood, but they?re somewhat easy to [...] (Source: News from Mayo Clinic)
Source: News from Mayo Clinic - October 30, 2018 Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news

Dogs can sniff out malaria parasites on your clothes
Dogs could someday be a powerful tool in diagnosing malaria, a new study shows. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - October 29, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Pretty Parasites With Dr. Pritt, part 1: The skinny on Ascaris worms
This article is part one of a five-part series?featuring some of Dr. Bobbi Pritt's "freaky favorites," ranked from 1 (not too scary) to 5 (bad-news bugs). Freaky factor 1/5: Easy to treat with medicine and maybe, possibly helpful to humans. Yep. These are worms.?Ascaris [...] (Source: News from Mayo Clinic)
Source: News from Mayo Clinic - October 29, 2018 Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news

Drink more black tea to prevent this common sexually transmitted disease
(Natural News) A study conducted by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (DA) found that drinking more black tea will protect against trichomoniasis, one of the world’s most prevalent sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). This is due to protective compounds in the tea that can inhibit the parasite’s growth. Trichomoniasis is caused by the protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis. It renders people... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - October 27, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Evolutionary shift toward protein-based architecture in trypanosomal mitochondrial ribosomes
Ribosomal RNA (rRNA) plays key functional and architectural roles in ribosomes. Using electron microscopy, we determined the atomic structure of a highly divergent ribosome found in mitochondria of Trypanosoma brucei, a unicellular parasite that causes sleeping sickness in humans. The trypanosomal mitoribosome features the smallest rRNAs and contains more proteins than all known ribosomes. The structure shows how the proteins have taken over the role of architectural scaffold from the rRNA: They form an autonomous outer shell that surrounds the entire particle and stabilizes and positions the functionally important regions...
Source: ScienceNOW - October 25, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Ramrath, D. J. F., Niemann, M., Leibundgut, M., Bieri, P., Prange, C., Horn, E. K., Leitner, A., Boehringer, D., Schneider, A., Ban, N. Tags: Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Online Only r-articles Source Type: news

Brain-eating amoebae halted by silver nanoparticles
(American Chemical Society) Halloween is just around the corner, and some people will celebrate by watching scary movies about brain-eating zombies. But even more frightening are real-life parasites that feed on the human brain, and they can be harder to kill than their horror-movie counterparts. Now, researchers have developed silver nanoparticles coated with anti-seizure drugs that can kill brain-eating amoebae while sparing human cells. The researchers report their results inACS Chemical Neuroscience. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - October 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Scientists capture images of antibodies working together against malaria
(Scripps Research Institute) Scientists investigating how the human immune system defends against malaria have uncovered a rare phenomenon: antibodies working together to bind to a vulnerable spot on the parasite. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - October 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Specimens, Collections, and Tools for Future Biodiversity-Related Research
Natural-history collections are a part of the foundation of the global biological-sciences research and education infrastructure. It is important to recognize that these collections are more than shelves stacked with preserved specimens; they also include tissue and gene samples, parasites associated with a specimen, environmental data captured when the specimen was collected, audio and video recordings, and field notes, among other information. Click here to read more.       (Source: AIBS BioScience Editorials)
Source: AIBS BioScience Editorials - October 23, 2018 Category: Biology Authors: AIBS Source Type: news

Canine Virus, Parasites Kill 24 Endangered Lions in India
Diseases threaten the pride's existence and wildlife experts recommend relocating some lions to a sanctuary, but Gujarat state has refused. (Source: The Scientist)
Source: The Scientist - October 19, 2018 Category: Science Tags: News & Opinion Source Type: news

Child has 11 live worms plucked from their eyeball
The child, called Dong Dong, was treated in China's Shaanxi provence, after the parasitic worms became visible on the surface of their eyeball as well as inside the eyelid. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - October 19, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Review shows link between herpes and dementia
Authors advocate use of antiherpes antivirals Related items fromOnMedica Anticholinergic drugs may be linked to increased risk of dementia New evidence on benzodiazepine link to Alzheimer ’s Stroke rate higher in HIV patients Single-dose malaria drug eliminates parasite from liver Alzheimer ’s drugs work for more severe forms of disease (Source: OnMedica Latest News)
Source: OnMedica Latest News - October 19, 2018 Category: UK Health Source Type: news

Bug guts shed light on Central America Chagas disease
(PLOS) In Central America, Chagas disease, or American trypanosomiasis, is spread by the 'kissing bug' Triatoma dimidiata. By collecting DNA from the guts of these bugs, researchers reporting in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases have described patterns in the behavior of the bugs, the strain of parasite, and the communities of microbes that interact with the parasite. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - October 18, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

15cm-long parasitic worm is removed from an eye
The patient sought help at New Medical Centre in Kundapur in India. It is unknown how the worm got into his eye. Doctors warned the worm had potential to permanently damage his eyesight. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - October 15, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Parasites from medieval latrines unlock secrets of human history
(University of Oxford) A radical new approach combining archaeology, genetics and microscopy can reveal long-forgotten secrets of human diet, sanitation and movement from studying parasites in ancient poo, according to new Oxford University research. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - October 15, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Human and cattle decoys trap malaria mosquitoes outdoors
(BioMed Central) Host decoy traps which mimic humans or cattle by combining odor, heat and a conspicuous visual stimulus could be effective at measuring and controlling outdoor-biting mosquitoes in malaria endemic regions, according to a study published in the open access journal Parasites& Vectors. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - October 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

15cm-long parasitic worm is removed from an eye
The patient sought help at New Medical Centre in Kundapur in India. It is unknown how the worm got into his eye. Doctors warned the worm had potential to permanently damage his eyesight. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - October 11, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Africa:Why Drugs Alone Won't Stop the Spread of Parasitic Worms in Africa
[The Conversation Africa] Deworming has become a common practise across the world. It has proved very successful reducing the burden of parasitic worms among children by more than 50%. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - October 10, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Eye parasite can be avoided with good contact lens hygiene
(Reuters Health) - UK researchers have confirmed an uptick in cases of Acanthamoeba keratitis, an eye infection that most often affects contact lens wearers. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - October 8, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Yale researchers study link between glucose metabolism and malaria
A glucose inhibitor called 2DG may prevent blood clotting and mini-strokes long enough to clear the parasites that cause cerebral malaria through antibiotics. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - October 5, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Study finds standard treatment for common STD doesn't eliminate parasite in some women
(Tulane University) A new study led by an infectious disease epidemiologist at Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine could change the way doctors treat a common sexually transmitted disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Malaria parasites adapt to mosquito feeding times, study shows
(University of Edinburgh) Malaria parasites have evolved to be most infectious at the time of day when mosquitoes feed, to maximise their chances of being spread. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - October 4, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Managing sheep scab in UK flocks: there may be trouble ahead
Parasites, including sheep mites, remain one of the most important limitations to animal health, welfare and productivity. A University of Bristol research paper about managing scab mites in UK sheep flocks has been presented with an Impact Award by the Vet Record, the official journal of the British Veterinary Association (BVA). (Source: University of Bristol news)
Source: University of Bristol news - September 25, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Grants and Awards, Research; Faculty of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Bristol Veterinary School; Press Release Source Type: news

Understanding internal parasites, and how to get rid of them naturally
(Natural News) According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), hundreds of thousands of Americans have parasitic infections in their bodies. Emergency rooms in the U.S. say they receive 1,000 cases of tapeworm annually, and that more than 60 million Americans suffer from the effects of having been infected with the “cat poop” parasite, with symptoms... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - September 23, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

New Compounds Might Help Stop Spread of Malaria
FRIDAY, Sept. 21, 2018 -- Malaria is transmitted by mosquitoes carrying malaria parasites, but scientists report they have discovered compounds that might keep mosquitoes from spreading the sometimes deadly disease. " Current anti-malarial drugs can... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - September 21, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Co-evolution between a 'parasite gene' and its host
(Aarhus University) A Danish research team has delineated a complex symbiosis between a 'parasitic' noncoding RNA gene and its protein coding 'host' gene in human cells. The study reveals how co-evolution of the host gene and parasite gene has shaped a feedback mechanism in which the parasite gene plays a completely new and surprising part as regulator of the host gene protein production. The breakthrough finding opens an entirely new avenue of research in gene expression. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - September 19, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Drugs that stop mosquitoes catching malaria could help eradicate the disease
(Imperial College London) Researchers have identified compounds that could prevent malaria parasites from being able to infect mosquitoes, halting the spread of disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - September 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news