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Parasites, infections in N. Korean soldier who defected reveal country's conditions
The soldier defected earlier this month and was hospitalized with infections. (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - November 22, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Liver Fluke Parasite May Threaten Lives of Hundreds of Vietnam War Veterans
A tropical parasite may be slowly killing hundreds of U.S. veterans of the Vietnam War. Early this year, the Department of Veterans Affairs commissioned a small pilot study to investigate the link between liver flukes ingested through raw or... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - November 22, 2017 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

What parasitic worms in defector reveal about conditions in North Korea
Parasitic worms and a chronic liver infection identified in a North Korean soldier who dramatically defected are providing clues into health conditions inside the secretive rogue state, experts said Wednesday. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - November 22, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Sudan:Health Ministry - Malaria Parasite Rife Across Sudan - Central Darfur Hardest Hit
[Radio Dabanga] Khartoum -The Federal Ministry of Health has confirmed the high prevalence in all states of Sudan of the Plasmodium vivax parasite which causes malaria, and estimates that that 15 per cent of the population are infected with the parasite - more than 20 per cent in Central Darfur. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - November 22, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Health Highlights: Nov. 22, 2017
Here are some of the latest health and medical news developments, compiled by the editors of HealthDay: Parasite May Threaten Lives of Hundreds of Vietnam War Veterans A tropical parasite may be slowly killing hundreds of U.S. veterans of the... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - November 22, 2017 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

The genome of Leishmania reveals how this parasite adapts to environmental changes
(Center for Genomic Regulation) Scientists demonstrate that Leishmania adaptation results from frequent and reversible chromosomal amplifications. This novel insight into Leishmania genomic instability should pave the way for the identification of parasite drug resistance mechanisms and help discover biomarkers. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - November 22, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Strong hosts help parasites spread farther
(Hokkaido University) Large, physically strong Masu salmon disperse farther when infected with parasites, potentially escaping from further infections at the contaminated site but ironically resulting in the greater expansion of the parasite, according to Hokkaido University researchers. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - November 22, 2017 Category: Biology Source Type: news

VA study shows parasite from Vietnam may be killing veterans
Hundreds of U.S. veterans who fought in Vietnam have reason to believe they may be dying from a silent bullet _ test results show some may have been infected by a slow-killing parasite in Southeast Asia (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - November 22, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Parasite from Vietnam may be killing vets, VA study says
Test results show some men may have been infected while fighting in the jungles of Southeast Asia (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - November 21, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

VA study shows parasite from Vietnam may be killing vets
A half century after serving in Vietnam, hundreds of veterans have a reason to believe they may be dying from a silent bullet _ test results show some men may have been infected by a slow-killing parasite while fighting in the jungles of Southeast Asia (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - November 21, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Penn study identifies new malaria parasites in wild bonobos
(University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine) Malaria parasites, although widespread among wild chimpanzees and gorillas, have not been detected in bonobos, a chimp cousin. Although the researchers saw evidence of a new malaria species in bonobos, it was limited to one small area of their range. This work helps the hunt for biological loopholes to potentially exploit the life history of ape pathogens to better understand how they cross over to humans. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - November 21, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Parasite May Threaten Lives of Vietnam Veterans
A tropical parasite may be slowly killing hundreds of U.S. veterans of the Vietnam War. (Source: WebMD Health)
Source: WebMD Health - November 20, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

North Korean defector had "enormous number" of parasites
The largest worm that was removed from the patient's small intestine was 11 inches long (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - November 17, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Are you anemic? It may be bedbugs
(Natural News) Let’s get this out of the way: Bedbugs are disgusting. But while they don’t transmit diseases, these parasitic insects can cause severe anemia. Aside from causing annoying and itchy bites on your skin, people who have a bedbug infestation might suffer from emotional distress and sleep deprivation. Within the last couple of years,... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - November 17, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Injured defector's parasites and diet hint at hard life in North Korea
SEOUL (Reuters) - Parasitic worms found in a North Korean soldier, critically injured during a desperate defection, highlight nutrition and hygiene problems that experts say have plagued the isolated country for decades. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - November 17, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Medical News Today: Existing parasite drug may fight prostate, colon cancer
Researchers are testing the potential of a known antiparasite drug in the treatment of colon and prostate cancer. The drug can inhibit cancer cell growth. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - November 17, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Prostate / Prostate Cancer Source Type: news

Video shows a baby's parasitic twin being removed
Hemlata Singh, from Jodphur, India, gave birth to a healthy baby named Sonni, but attached to his stomach was his partially formed, parasitic twin, putting the infant's life at risk. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - November 16, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Tapeworm drug fights prostate cancer
(The University of Bergen) Medicine against parasites contains a substance that kills Prostate- and colon cancer. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - November 15, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Immune system intelligence: Your biochemistry "morphs" to defend against new parasites
(Natural News) Researchers discovered how the immune systems of certain species evolve to better adapt to new parasitic threats, all the while maintaining critical immune function that remained virtually unchanged for over millions of years, in a study published in the journal Nature Communications. Scientists from the University of East Anglia, U.K. and Dalhousie University, Canada... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - November 11, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Parasites suck it up
(Harvard Medical School) Depletion of a fatty molecule in human blood propels malaria parasites to stop replicating and causing illness in people and instead to jump ship to mosquitoes to continue the transmission cycle, according to a new study by an international research team. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - November 9, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Mosquito bite caused man's leg to swell 4 times the size
Chetan Pithadia, 53, from India, noticed his left leg was getting bigger 4 years ago. It continued to bulge and now weighs 25kg. He has elephantitis which is caused by parasitic worms carried by mosquitoes. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - November 8, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Cell phone-based microscope leads to possible strategy for treating river blindness
(NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) River blindness, or onchocerciasis, is a disease caused by a parasitic worm (Onchocerca volvulus) found primarily in Africa. Ivermectin is used to treat onchocerciasis. This treatment can be fatal when a person has high blood levels of another worm, Loa loa. In a paper published in NEJM, scientists describe how a cell phone-based videomicroscope can provide fast, effective testing for L. loa parasites, allowing these individuals to be protected from the adverse effects of ivermectin. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - November 8, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

'Zombie ant' brains left intact by fungal parasite
(Penn State) A fungal parasite that infects ants and manipulates their behavior to benefit the fungus' reproduction accomplishes this feat without infecting the ants' brains, according to a study led by Penn State researchers. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - November 7, 2017 Category: Biology Source Type: news

World Antibiotics Awareness Week 2017
November 2017 – World Antibiotics Awareness Week will be observed from 13 to 19 November 2017, with the year of this year’s campaign “Seek advice from a qualified health care professional before taking antibiotics”. The aim is to advocate for the proper and responsible use of antibiotics to prevent their misuse. It is important to seek the correct medical advice before taking antibiotics, not only to ensure that you receive the appropriate treatment, but because responsible use of antibiotics will also help reduce the growing threat of antimicrobial resistance. Antimicrobial resistance is the abili...
Source: WHO EMRO News - November 6, 2017 Category: Middle East Health Source Type: news

Could this be malaria's Achilles heel?
(Instituto de Medicina Molecular) Portuguese researchers at Instituto de Medicina Molecular (iMM) Lisboa have identified a defence mechanism by which the malaria parasite can survive inside its host's liver cells. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - November 6, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Fish provide insight into the evolution of the immune system
(University of East Anglia) New research reveals how immune systems can evolve resistance to parasites.The study published in Nature Communications, solves the enigma of how species can adapt and change their immune system to cope with new parasitic threats -- whilst at the same time showing little or no evolutionary change in critical immune function over millions of years. It help to explain why we humans have some immune genes that are almost identical to those of chimpanzees. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - November 6, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Biological clock found in fungal parasite sheds more light on 'zombie ants' phenomenon
(University of Central Florida) A working biological clock has been found in a fungal parasite that infects ants to control their behavior and lead them away from their nests in an effort to spread their fungal spores more effectively. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - November 6, 2017 Category: Biology Source Type: news

What Causes White Nails?
Discussion The nail matrix covers the area of the nail plate, and extends proximally in a crescent moon shape with the edges of the crescent extending proximally and inferiorly toward the underlying bone. The nail matrix is a multilayered epithelium that physiologically produces keratinization and gives rise to the nail plate. The distal matrix forms the lower 2/3s of the nail plate and the proximal matrix forms the upper 1/3 of the nail plate. the thickness of the nail plate is proportion to the matrix’s thickness. The nail plate’s free edge contour follows the shape of the nail’s lunula. Melanocytes occ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - November 6, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Preventing a genetic uprising in early life
(Babraham Institute) Around half of the human genome is made up of genetic parasites called transposons that can damage our genes, leading to a wide range of genetic illnesses. Normally they are controlled by chemical marks that shut down transposon activity, but there is a time early in life when this isn't possible. Research published in Cell Stem Cell from scientists at the Babraham Institute reveals how molecules called endosiRNAs keep transposons in check. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - November 2, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Endogenous defense against helminths
Secreted phospholipase A2 protects against helminth infection by damaging parasite larvae. (Source: Signal Transduction Knowledge Environment)
Source: Signal Transduction Knowledge Environment - October 31, 2017 Category: Science Authors: VanHook, A. M. Tags: STKE Editors ' Choice Source Type: news

Papers of note in Science 358 (6362)
This week’s articles describe how bacteria sense surfaces; the lysine acylation of host proteins mediated by a Vibrio cholerae toxin; and druggable proteases of malaria parasites. (Source: Signal Transduction Knowledge Environment)
Source: Signal Transduction Knowledge Environment - October 31, 2017 Category: Science Authors: VanHook, A. M. Tags: STKE Editors ' Choice Source Type: news

WATCH: What Life Is Like When A Parasite Destroys Your Sight
HuffPost traveled to Nigeria and Congo to document the fight against this preventable disease. (Source: Science - The Huffington Post)
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - October 30, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Malaria parasite in the Americas is more genetically diverse than previously thought
(Funda ç ã o de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de S ã o Paulo) Researchers discover that populations of Plasmodium vivax on the continent are as genetically diverse as in Southeast Asia, where malaria transmission is more frequent. Vivax's greater genetic diversity in the Americas in comparison with Falciparum species might be explained by a wider range of migratory routes. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - October 27, 2017 Category: Biology Source Type: news

NIH study identifies new targets for anti-malaria drugs
The deadliest malaria parasite needs two proteins to infect red blood cells. (Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases)
Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases - October 26, 2017 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Discovery of a potential therapeutic target to combat trypanosomes
(CNRS) Using cryo-electron microscopy, French researchers at the Institut de Biologie Mol é culaire et Cellulaire (CNRS/Universit é de Strasbourg) have analyzed the structure of trypanosomes parasites in details and revealed one of their potential weak points, which has remained undetected until now. This discovery opens the path to the development of new safer therapies that are less toxic and more specific against trypanosomes, the parasites causing the Chagas disease and the African sleeping sickness. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - October 26, 2017 Category: Biology Source Type: news

NIH study identifies new targets for anti-malaria drugs
(NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development) The deadliest malaria parasite needs two proteins to infect red blood cells and exit the cells after it multiplies, a finding that may provide researchers with potential new targets for drug development, according to researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health. Their study appears in the latest issue of Science. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - October 26, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Plasmodium parasite entrance and exit
(Source: ScienceNOW)
Source: ScienceNOW - October 26, 2017 Category: Science Authors: Ash, C. Tags: Cell Biology, Microbiology twis Source Type: news

Plasmepsins IX and X are essential and druggable mediators of malaria parasite egress and invasion
Proteases of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum have long been investigated as drug targets. The P. falciparum genome encodes 10 aspartic proteases called plasmepsins, which are involved in diverse cellular processes. Most have been studied extensively but the functions of plasmepsins IX and X (PMIX and PMX) were unknown. Here we show that PMIX is essential for erythrocyte invasion, acting on rhoptry secretory organelle biogenesis. In contrast, PMX is essential for both egress and invasion, controlling maturation of the subtilisin-like serine protease SUB1 in exoneme secretory vesicles. We have identified compounds...
Source: ScienceNOW - October 26, 2017 Category: Science Authors: Nasamu, A. S., Glushakova, S., Russo, I., Vaupel, B., Oksman, A., Kim, A. S., Fremont, D. H., Tolia, N., Beck, J. R., Meyers, M. J., Niles, J. C., Zimmerberg, J., Goldberg, D. E. Tags: Microbiology reports Source Type: news

A multistage antimalarial targets the plasmepsins IX and X essential for invasion and egress
Regulated exocytosis by secretory organelles is important for malaria parasite invasion and egress. Many parasite effector proteins, including perforins, adhesins, and proteases, are extensively proteolytically processed both pre- and postexocytosis. Here we report the multistage antiplasmodial activity of the aspartic protease inhibitor hydroxyl-ethyl-amine–based scaffold compound 49c. This scaffold inhibits the preexocytosis processing of several secreted rhoptry and microneme proteins by targeting the corresponding maturases plasmepsins IX (PMIX) and X (PMX), respectively. Conditional excision of PMIX revealed its...
Source: ScienceNOW - October 26, 2017 Category: Science Authors: Pino, P., Caldelari, R., Mukherjee, B., Vahokoski, J., Klages, N., Maco, B., Collins, C. R., Blackman, M. J., Kursula, I., Heussler, V., Brochet, M., Soldati-Favre, D. Tags: Cell Biology, Microbiology reports Source Type: news

Carly Goff contracts parasite from uncooked fish in Fiji
A teenage girl has broken her silence on the excruciating pain she lived with after contracting a flesh-eating parasite in Fiji that fed off her insides for six years. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - October 24, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Clear-cutting of old-growth forests found to accelerate spread of deadly viral diseases
(Natural News) A new study conducted by researchers from the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) showed that preserving old-growth tropical rainforests can be the key to avoiding the influx of parasitic and viral mosquito-born diseases. “We found that fewer mosquito species known to carry disease-causing pathogens live in forested areas compared to disturbed ones. Mosquito... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - October 24, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

New combination therapy of registered drugs shortens anti-Wolbachia therapy
(Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine) Researchers from LSTM's Research Centre for Drugs and Diagnostics have found a way of significantly reducing the treatment required for lymphatic filariasis and onchocerciasis from several weeks to seven days. By targeting Wolbachia, a bacterial symbiont that the filarial parasites need to live, the team has discovered a drug synergy that enables effective treatment over a shorter time. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - October 24, 2017 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Engineering malaria resistance in mosquitoes
Mosquitoes genetically modified to resist the parasite that causes malaria mated with wild mosquitoes and transferred the resistance to offspring in laboratory experiments. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - October 24, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Five new malaria targets that could lead to an effective vaccine
(Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute) In the largest study of its kind, five new malaria vaccine targets have been discovered by scientists at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute and their collaborators. Researchers studied the malaria parasite at its most vulnerable stage -- when invading human red blood cells -- and identified five targets that lead to a reduction in the parasite's ability to enter red blood cells. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - October 23, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Asthma UK claim 'parasitic WORMS could cure asthma' - is it time to ditch the inhaler?
ASTHMA attacks could be a thing of the past. Asthma UK claim parasitic worms that live in stomachs could cure the condition for 5.4 million UK sufferers. (Source: Daily Express - Health)
Source: Daily Express - Health - October 18, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Blood-sucking parasitic WORMS could cure asthma within 10 years
PARASITIC worms that live in stomachs could cure asthma in the 5.4 million UK sufferers, according to Asthma UK. (Source: Daily Express - Health)
Source: Daily Express - Health - October 18, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Ethiopia:Ministry Eyes At Strengthening Onchocerciasis Elimination Efforts
[Ethiopian Herald] Ministry of Health and development partners disclosed that the program to eliminate Onchocerciasis - disease caused by parasitic worm - is progressing in most affected areas of the country. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - October 16, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Portable 3-D scanner assesses patients with elephantiasis
(Washington University in St. Louis) An estimated 120 million people worldwide are infected with lymphatic filariasis, a parasitic, mosquito-borne disease that can cause major swelling and deformity of the legs, a condition known as elephantiasis. Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have shown that a portable scanning device can measure limb enlargement and disfigurement faster and more easily in patients with elephantiasis. The research tool makes it easy to obtain accurate measurements and determine whether treatments to reduce swelling are effective. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - October 16, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Increasing Acai Sales Demands Vigilance for Chagas Disease Increasing Acai Sales Demands Vigilance for Chagas Disease
Every year, Brazil registers between 110 and 150 new cases of the disease. Confirmation of oral transmission involves a parasitologic examination and epidemiologic evidence.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - October 13, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases News Source Type: news

Medical News Today: Household microbes: Friend or foe?
Our homes are host to a diverse collection of bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. Should we eliminate them, or do they have health benefits? (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - October 13, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Allergy Source Type: news