Medical News Today: This 'caterpillar fungus' may help treat osteoarthritis
A compound derived from a parasitic fungus could lead to the development of new, better treatments for osteoarthritis, according to recent research. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - March 21, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Osteoarthritis Source Type: news

Cryptosporidium parasite detected in Minnesota groundwater
(American Chemical Society) When consumed in contaminated water, the microscopic parasite Cryptosporidium can cause symptoms of stomach cramps, diarrhea and fever. Now, researchers reporting in the ACS journal Environmental Science& Technology have detected evidence of the parasite in about 40 percent of surveyed wells in public water systems in Minnesota -- even wells not influenced by surface water. The team emphasizes that they don't know whether the parasite levels are high enough to actually cause health concerns. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - March 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The USDA Forced Kittens to Become Cannibals for Research, Watchdog Report Says
A shocking watchdog report alleges that the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) spent $22.5 million conducting “unnecessary and unjustifiable” research that involved killing cats and forcing “kitten cannibalism,” among other unsavory practices. The report — from the non-profit White Coat Waste Project, which opposes animal testing by the government, and former USDA scientist Jim Keen — says a large chunk of this research relates to toxoplasmosis, an illness spread by exposure to the Toxoplasma gondii parasite. As recently as 2015, the report says, the USDA purchased and killed cats and...
Source: TIME: Science - March 20, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Jamie Ducharme Tags: Uncategorized onetime Research Source Type: news

The USDA Forced Kittens to Become Cannibals for Research, Watchdog Report Says
A shocking watchdog report alleges that the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) spent $22.5 million conducting “unnecessary and unjustifiable” research that involved killing cats and forcing “kitten cannibalism,” among other unsavory practices. The report — from the non-profit White Coat Waste Project, which opposes animal testing by the government, and former USDA scientist Jim Keen — says a large chunk of this research relates to toxoplasmosis, an illness spread by exposure to the Toxoplasma gondii parasite. As recently as 2015, the report says, the USDA purchased and killed cats and...
Source: TIME: Health - March 20, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jamie Ducharme Tags: Uncategorized onetime Research Source Type: news

Mobile DNA element found in mosquito parasite has potential for infectious disease control
(Marine Biological Laboratory) An interdisciplinary team of scientists has identified a new mobile DNA element in the Wolbachia parasite, which may contribute to improved control strategies for mosquito vectors of diseases such as Dengue and West Nile virus. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 20, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Nigeria: Over 2 Million Nigerian Children Receive Treatment Against Parasitic Worms
[WHO] "My son had blood in his urine for almost a year and I didn't know what to do," says Rahab Haruna, a 45-year-old mother from Adamawa State. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - March 15, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Honey bee gut microbiome research -- NSF grant
(Virginia Tech) 'Using the honey bee gut microbiome as a model to study host defense against parasites could have implications for understanding the human microbiome and host defense, as well.' (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - March 15, 2019 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Gut bacteria neutralizes disease-carrying tsetse flies
YSPH ’s Brian Weiss has identified a bacterium that can colonize the gut of tsetse flies and help stop the spread of the deadly African trypanosomes parasite. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - March 14, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Common treatment effective in childhood malaria
New trial shows mosquito killing invermectin cuts cases by one-fifth Related items fromOnMedica Common anti-parasitic could be new tool for malaria control Texting can improve flu jab uptake New insecticide-coated bed net battles malaria A child under 15 dies every five seconds around the world Parents still following folklore methods for cold prevention (Source: OnMedica Latest News)
Source: OnMedica Latest News - March 14, 2019 Category: UK Health Source Type: news

A cure for malaria? One-dose experimental drug cured 7 volunteers of malaria parasite
A new study from the University of Basel in Switzerland found one dose of a drug called DSM265 can clear the asexual stage parasites, called merozoites, which cause disease. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - March 11, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Access to Water Is a Daily Battle in Poor Neighborhoods in Buenos Aires
Julio Esquivel and two children in the La Casita de La Virgen soup kitchen in Villa La Cava stand next to the filter that removes 99.9 percent of bacteria, viruses and parasites, with a capacity of up to 12 liters per hour. The purifier became the starting point for raising awareness in this shantytown on the outskirts of the Argentine capital about access to water as a human right. Credit: Daniel Gutman/IPSBy Daniel GutmanBUENOS AIRES, Mar 11 2019 (IPS) “Look at this water. Would you drink it?” asks José Pablo Zubieta, as he shows a glass he has just filled from a faucet, where yellow and brown sediment...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - March 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Daniel Gutman Tags: Civil Society Development & Aid Editors' Choice Environment Featured Headlines Health Integration and Development Brazilian-style Latin America & the Caribbean Population Poverty & SDGs Projects Regional Categories TerraViva Unit Source Type: news

To slow malaria, cure mosquitoes with drug-treated bed nets
(Virginia Tech) Researchers found that they could use the same drug -- atovaquone -- used to treat the malaria parasite when a person gets sick, coat mosquito bed nets with it, and let mosquitoes ingest the anti-malarial drug. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 11, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Medical News Today: What do skin infections look like?
A skin infection occurs when parasites, fungi, or germs such as bacteria break into the skin. Some examples of these invaders include scabies, the herpes virus, and lice. Here, learn more about skin infections and what they look like. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - March 8, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Dermatology Source Type: news

Medical News Today: What does scabies on the penis look like?
Scabies is an infestation of the skin by tiny parasitic mites. On the penis, scabies can cause crusty, blister-like sores and intense itching that may get worse at night. Scabies mites spread through close, prolonged contact between people, such as during sex. Learn more about scabies on the penis here. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - March 8, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Sexual Health / STDs Source Type: news

Could CRISPR Diagnostics Provide a Valuable Weapon in the Fight against Pandemic Flu?
The flu season is up and running in the Northern Hemisphere, and early signs in both the United States and Europe are that the effects might not be quite as severe as the brutal 2017/18 season. The United States is predominantly seeing H1N1 circulating, while monitoring in Europe has identified co-circulation of H1N1 and H3N2—both varieties of Influenza A that should be covered by the seasonable vaccine. What if they weren’t though? Influenza A can be found in both human and animal populations, and it evolves rapidly through genetic mutation. Each year many humans rely on their country&a...
Source: MDDI - March 8, 2019 Category: Medical Devices Authors: Paul Wilkins Tags: IVD Source Type: news

How does the body respond to diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis?
(PLOS) In diffuse cutaneous leishmanisis (DCL), a rare form of leishmaniasis, parasites grow uncontrolled in skin lesions across the body. For the first time, researchers reporting in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases have now profiled how the human immune system responds to a DCL infection and, in turn, how Leishmania amazonensis adapts to the human host. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 7, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

University of Utah biologists experimentally trigger adaptive radiation
(University of Utah) Using host-specific parasites isolated on individual pigeon 'islands,' the scientists showed that descendants of a single population of feather lice adapted rapidly in response to preening. They found that preening drives rapid and divergent camouflage in feather lice transferred to different colored rock pigeons. Over four years and 60 generations, the lice evolved heritable color differences that spanned the full color range of the lice genus found on 300 bird species worldwide. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - March 5, 2019 Category: Biology Source Type: news

A quick path to antimalarial resistance
(Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal)) Resistance to antimalarial drugs is thought to result mainly from changes in the parasite's genome. However, P. falciparum can also develop resistance to some antimalarial compounds by epigenetic changes, according to a new study led by ISGlobal, an institution supported by 'la Caixa,' and the Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp. This is of concern because resistance acquired at the epigenetic level can arise quickly, even during the course of a single infection. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 4, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Scientists expose hidden risks of diarrhoeal disease
(University of East Anglia) New research identifies a rapidly evolving new subspecies of the cryptosporidium parasite -- a leading cause of diarrhoeal disease in children worldwide.The study sheds new light on how this parasite has evolved the ability to spread more easily between people. Researchers sequenced and compared whole genomes from over 20 different cryptosporidium cases to find out more about the parasite and how it infects people.Their work will help public health interventions aimed at preventing the spread of the disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 4, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Scientists expose hidden risks of diarrheal disease
(University of East Anglia) New research identifies a rapidly evolving new subspecies of the cryptosporidium parasite -- a leading cause of diarrheal disease in children worldwide.The study sheds new light on how this parasite has evolved the ability to spread more easily between people. Researchers sequenced and compared whole genomes from over 20 different cryptosporidium cases to find out more about the parasite and how it infects people.Their work will help public health interventions aimed at preventing the spread of the disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 4, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Emily Derbyshire Looks for Malaria ’s Vulnerabilities
The Duke University professor studies the parasite to find a way to thwart infection before it takes hold. (Source: The Scientist)
Source: The Scientist - March 1, 2019 Category: Science Tags: Scientist to Watch Magazine Issue Source Type: news

Infographic: Fighting Malaria Drug Resistance
The parasite that causes malaria has evolved to evade many of the drugs that researchers have developed to fight the tropical disease. (Source: The Scientist)
Source: The Scientist - March 1, 2019 Category: Science Tags: Infographics Magazine Issue Source Type: news

Infographic: How General Anesthesia Works
The parasite that causes malaria has evolved to evade many of the drugs that researchers have developed to fight the tropical disease. (Source: The Scientist)
Source: The Scientist - March 1, 2019 Category: Science Tags: Infographics Magazine Issue Source Type: news

Should you make room for mushrooms in your coffee, chocolate or energy bar?
Reishi, boletus, cordyceps and lion ’s mane may sound like something you would take to clear up a patch of eczema – but now the fungi are appearing in snacksMy barista hands over a cup filled with grey-tinged milk and a few tiny pieces of fungus bobbing around in it. “Enjoy,” he says with a beaming smile. Enjoy might not be the first thing that springs to mind, but it might be time to get onboard as, over the past year or so, adding a handful of mushrooms to your hot drink, chocolate or energy bar has become an increasingly normal thing for people to do.Reishi, boletus, cordyceps and lion ’s m...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - February 28, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Tim Jonze Tags: Food Fungi Biology Science Snacks Chocolate Coffee Source Type: news

Ant societies' arms race: Gene activity in defenders depends on invading slavemaking ants
(Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet Mainz) Temnothorax americanus is a slavemaking ant found in northeastern America. In a new study, biologists from Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) examined the special relationship between the parasites and their host and made an exciting discovery: The ability of the host ants to defend themselves depends crucially on whether the raiding slavemakers come from an area with a successful or less successful parasite population. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - February 28, 2019 Category: Biology Source Type: news

ESA tipsheet for March 4,5, 2019
(Ecological Society of America) Get a sneak peek into these new scientific papers, publishing on March 4,5, 2019 in the Ecological Society of America's journal Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.Digging for ancient parasites in museum archives; Species origin is linked to extinction risk; Pollinator-friendly cities need to be human community-friendly, too; and Is North America's " old growth " forest concept less important than we think? (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - February 28, 2019 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Namibia: The Burden of HIV On Health Budget
[New Era] Windhoek -Infectious and parasitic diseases including HIV/AIDS received the highest allocation of funds taking up 23 percent of the total health expenditure in the 2015/2016 financial year. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - February 27, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Launch of Frontline flagship store on Tmall
Boehringer Ingelheim launches Frontline Flagship Store on TmallBoehringer Ingelheim launches its flagship store on an e-commerce platform TmallThe store specialises on the company ’s full range of pet parasiticidesBoehringer Ingelheim recognises e-commerce as paramount for its growth in China (Source: Boehringer Ingelheim Corporate News)
Source: Boehringer Ingelheim Corporate News - February 27, 2019 Category: Research Source Type: news

Medicating mosquitoes to fight malaria
(Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health) Mosquitoes that landed on surfaces coated with the anti-malarial compound atovaquone were completely blocked from developing Plasmodium falciparum, the parasite that causes malaria, according to new research led by Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - February 27, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

UTA biology researcher looks for new ways to eliminate parasitic disease
(University of Texas at Arlington) A biologist at the University of Texas at Arlington is using a new grant to look for ways to finish off a disease that has stubbornly resisted all attempts to eradicate it. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Preventing parasites with new vaccines
Preventing parasites in poultry, cattle and other livestock is a major concern for Europe's farmers. As current treatments prove less effective or desirable, EU-funded scientists are working on new vaccines to keep animals healthy and safeguard our food supply. (Source: EUROPA - Research Information Centre)
Source: EUROPA - Research Information Centre - February 21, 2019 Category: Research Source Type: news

Extracellular vesicles in parasite survival
(Source: ScienceNOW)
Source: ScienceNOW - February 21, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Ofir-Birin, Y., Regev-Rudzki, N. Tags: Microbiology perspective Source Type: news

Tiny modulators of parasite infection
(Source: ScienceNOW)
Source: ScienceNOW - February 21, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Alderton, G. Tags: twis Source Type: news

What Psychotic Episodes Really Look and Feel Like
When we hear someone is psychotic, we automatically think of psychopaths and cold-blooded criminals. We automatically think “Oh wow, they’re really crazy!” And we automatically think of plenty of other myths and misconceptions that only further the stigma surrounding psychosis. In other words, the reality is that we get psychosis very wrong. For starters, psychosis consists of hallucinations and/or delusions. “You can have one or both at the same time,” said Devon MacDermott, Ph.D, a psychologist who previously worked in psychiatric hospitals and outpatient centers, treating individuals experi...
Source: Psych Central - February 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Margarita Tartakovsky, M.S. Tags: Disorders General Schizophrenia Stigma Hallucinations Hearing Voices Psychosis Psychotic Episode serious mental illness Source Type: news

‘Shared responsibility’ to stop 420,000 needless deaths from tainted food each year, UN, world leaders warn
Each year, food contaminated with bacteria, viruses, parasites, toxins or chemicals cause more than 600 million people to fall ill, and 420,000 to die worldwide, prompting a call from world leaders on Tuesday for greater international cooperation to make the food chain safer. (Source: UN News Centre - Health, Poverty, Food Security)
Source: UN News Centre - Health, Poverty, Food Security - February 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Therapy derived from parasitic worms downregulates proinflammatory pathways
(Children's National Health System) A therapy derived from the eggs of parasitic worms helps to protect against one of chemotherapy's debilitating side effects by significantly downregulating major proinflammatory pathways, reducing inflammation. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Viral communications hacking boosts Leishmania infections
(McGill University) New research from McGill University has found that a virus infecting the Leishmania parasite spreads by exploiting a mechanism used for cell-to-cell communication, a discovery that could pave the way to new vaccines against infections that cause severe disfiguration. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - February 7, 2019 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Wellcome commits £ 10 million to DNDi to develop new generation of oral leishmaniasis drugs
(Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative) Wellcome has committed over £ 10 million to the Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative (DNDi), a not-for-profit research and development organization, to develop new treatments for leishmaniasis, one of the world's most devastating parasitic diseases. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

What is a cross infection?
  There’s a good reason why doctors are obsessed with washing their hands and hospitals are such sterile environments: A clean and thoroughly sanitized area is vital for preventing patient complications, namely infections. A cross infection occurs when harmful microorganisms like bacteria and viruses transfer to a patient by way of another person or medical tools and equipment. It can also spread within the body. Such an infection can drastically delay wound healing and lead to more serious complications. Here’s a quick overview of what you should know about cross infections: The types and causes Heal...
Source: Advanced Tissue - February 4, 2019 Category: Dermatology Authors: AdvancedTissue Tags: Wound Infection Source Type: news

Genome structure of malaria parasites linked to virulence
(University of California - Riverside) An international research team led by scientists at the University of California, Riverside, and the La Jolla Institute for Immunology has found that malaria parasite genomes are shaped by parasite-specific gene families, and that this genome organization strongly correlates with the parasite's virulence. The findings highlight the importance of spatial genome organization in gene regulation and the control of virulence in malaria parasites. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - February 4, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Mind the Vines
Watch UC Davis researcher and February Profilee Neelima Sinha discuss her studies of parasitic vines and their interactions with plant hosts. (Source: The Scientist)
Source: The Scientist - February 1, 2019 Category: Science Tags: Videos Source Type: news

Clues to How Ancient Plants Handled Fungal Pests
In plants ranging from liverworts to wheat, parasitic water molds build intracellular structures analogous to the nutrient-exchanging structures of symbiotic fungi. (Source: The Scientist)
Source: The Scientist - February 1, 2019 Category: Science Tags: Notebook Magazine Issue Source Type: news

Flower Preservation, 1916
 James Kirkham Ramsbottom saved Britain’s daffodil industry from a devastating parasite, only to be forgotten. (Source: The Scientist)
Source: The Scientist - February 1, 2019 Category: Science Tags: Foundations Magazine Issue Source Type: news

Pakistani man's legs swelled to 110lbs following a parasitic worm infection five years ago
Shahid Hussain, 38 - from the Naushahro Feroze district in the Sindh province of Pakistan - suffers from elephantiasis. He is virtually bedridden and unable to work his previous job in a garage. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - January 31, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Male birth control for the malaria parasite
(Penn State) Disrupting two genes involved in the preservation of RNA molecules inhibits the ability of the male form of the malaria parasite to mature and be transmitted from human blood into mosquitoes, interrupting a key stage in the parasite's life-cycle and cutting off an important step in the spread of the disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - January 31, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Immune master regulator orchestrates responses to parasite infection
(Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute) A new study has identified the master regulator that maintains a healthy gut and limits damage by parasitic whipworms. Researchers from the Wellcome Sanger Institute and collaborators revealed the interleukin 10 receptor (IL-10R) is critical to prevent uncontrolled whipworm infection in mice and a damaging immune response in the gut.The study, published today in PLOS Pathogens, helps understand the signalling mechanism that maintains a balance between the host, whipworms and gut bacteria. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Mind-altering parasite spread by CATS 'may lead to schizophrenia'
People with the infection were 50 per cent more likely to have schizophrenia, Danish researchers found. Findings add to previous research showing a link to mind-altering behaviours. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - January 30, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

New action plan to fight antimicrobial resistance
Fight against AMR is not just down to GPs, say leaders Related items fromOnMedica 'Keep Antibiotics Working' campaign resurfaces RCGP backs O ’Neill’s call for investment in new antimicrobials Antibiotic scrip rates lower in CAM-trained practices Call for NHS England to ‘think again’ on limiting treatment Single-dose malaria drug eliminates parasite from liver (Source: OnMedica Latest News)
Source: OnMedica Latest News - January 24, 2019 Category: UK Health Source Type: news

New vaccine offers fresh take on malaria fight
(Oregon Health& Science University) Early research on a new approach to protecting against malaria is offering promising, potentially long-lasting results against the persistent parasite that sickens hundreds of millions people each year. The approach uses a cytomegalovirus-based platform that's already being used in vaccines being developed to battle HIV and tuberculosis. This new vaccine reduced the malaria-causing parasite's release from the liver and into the blood of infected rhesus macaques by 75 to 80 percent, reports a paper published in the journal PLOS ONE. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - January 23, 2019 Category: Biology Source Type: news