Addition of the Aldose Reductase Inhibitor Benzofuroxane Derivative BF-5m to Prolonged and Moderate Exercise Training Enhanced Protection of the Rat Heart From Type-1 Diabetes
Addition of the Aldose Reductase Inhibitor Benzofuroxane Derivative BF-5m to Prolonged and Moderate Exercise Training Enhanced Protection of the Rat Heart From Type-1 Diabetes Bartolo Ferraro1,2, Maria Donniacuo3, Loredana Sodano3, Franca Ferraraccio4, Rosa Maisto3, Eliana Gulotta5, Gorizio Pieretti6, Michele D’Amico3*, Maria Consiglia Trotta3 and Barbara Rinaldi3 1Institute for Cardiovascular Prevention (IPEK), Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Munich, Germany 2DZHK, Partner Site Munich Heart Alliance, Munich, Germany 3Department of Experimental Medicine, Pharmacology Division, University of Campania “L. Vanvitelli”, Naples, Italy 4Department of Clinical, Public and Preventive Medicine, University of Campania “L. Vanvitelli”, Naples, Italy 5Department of Surgical, Oncological and Stomatological Disciplines, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy 6Multidisciplinary Department of Surgical and Dental Specialities, University of Campania “L. Vanvitelli”, Naples, Italy Moderate exercise training may not be sufficient to exert beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system because of the long-term multifactorial etiology of diabetic complications. The addition of a proper pharmacological tool to the physical exercise should improve the outcomes of the diabetic damage. Here it is shown that 8 weeks exercise training of type 1 diabetic Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats resulted in a significantly increased heart rate, a 14% increa...
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In this study, we conducted a tube administration test for seven kinds of antiepileptic drugs and two kinds of potassium supplements using a neonatal feeding tube and investigated the drug loss using the collection rate. We also studied the differences in collection rates among different dosage forms and drugs to determine the more suitable dosage forms and drugs. We investigated three dosage forms: powder, fine granules or dry syrup (powdery form) drugs, powdery form drugs that have been pulverized (pulverized powdery forms), and pulverized tablets. Additionally, we investigated two potassium supplements to determine whic...
In this study, we investigated the potential effects of disocin on amyloid-β peptide (Aβ1-42) oligomers-treated HT22 cells. Aβ1-42 oligomers induced great neurotoxicity to HT22 cells as examined by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The results of terminal deoxynucleoitidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate biotin nich end labeling (TUNEL) staining and flow cytometry indicated that Aβ1-42 oligomers led to increased apoptosis and generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in HT22 cells. However, dioscin could remarkably inhibit the neurotoxicity induce...
Abstract With the aim of shedding some light on the still scarcely investigated mechanism of transformation of imines in metal complexes, this study describes the investigation of the hydrogen-deuterium (H/D) exchange reaction of a bis[2-(pyridylmethylidene)-1-(2-pyridylmethylamine]iron(II) complex ([Fe(PMAP)2]2+), following our previous work on a low-spin iron(II) complex bearing two molecules of S-2-pyridylmethylidene-1-(2-pyridyl)ethylamine. This complex has been proven to undergo successive transiminations in acetonitrile, yielding a bis[1-(2-pyridyl)ethylidene-2-pyridylmethylamine]iron(II) complex. In the ana...
Those suffering from cancer, heart conditions, strokes, diabetes and lung disease are among the worst affected by delays to their diagnosis and care, a survey of senior doctors reveals.
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