Can a common heart condition cause sudden death?
(Gladstone Institutes) About one person out of 500 has a heart condition known as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). This condition causes thickening of the heart muscle and results in defects in the heart's electrical system. Under conditions of environmental stress such as exercise, HCM can result in sudden death. In other cases, patients may go undiagnosed, with their heart function declining gradually over decades. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - September 20, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Tafamidis Treats Transthyretin Amyloid Cardiomyopathy
TUESDAY, Sept. 18, 2018 -- In patients with transthyretin amyloid cardiomyopathy, treatment with tafamidis reduces all-cause mortality and cardiovascular-related hospitalizations versus placebo, according to a study published in the Sept. 13 issue... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - September 18, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

AHA: Update on Diagnosis, Tx for Chagas Cardiomyopathy
TUESDAY, Sept. 11, 2018 -- Health care providers need to be equipped to recognize, diagnose, and treat Chagas disease, which is growing in prevalence in the United States, according to an American Heart Association (AHA) scientific statement... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - September 11, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Changes in mitochondrial DNA control how nuclear DNA mutations are expressed in cardiomyopathy
(Children's Hospital of Philadelphia) Differences in the DNA within the mitochondria, the energy-producing structures within cells, can determine the severity and progression of heart disease caused by a nuclear DNA mutation. When combined with a mutation in nuclear DNA in animals, one mitochondrial DNA variant greatly worsened heart disease, while a different variant had a protective effect. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - September 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Health Care Heroes award winner: Craig Smith, Second Chance Fundraising
Craig Smith  is a 2018 Health Care Heroes award winner in the volunteer category. Here's his story: Dressing up as a giant heart wasn’t what Craig Smith first envisioned when he decided he wanted to give back to the community that supported him after he had a heart transplant. In his early 20s, Smith was d iagnosed with viral cardiomyopathy, a degenerative heart disorder. In 2015, he underwent a successful heart transplant procedure at Allegheny General Hospital. While living in Johnstown, Smith… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines - September 7, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Richard Cerilli Source Type: news

Health Care Heroes award winner: Craig Smith, Second Chance Fundraising
Craig Smith  is a 2018 Health Care Heroes award winner in the volunteer category. Here's his story: Dressing up as a giant heart wasn’t what Craig Smith first envisioned when he decided he wanted to give back to the community that supported him after he had a heart transplant. In his early 20s, Smith was d iagnosed with viral cardiomyopathy, a degenerative heart disorder. In 2015, he underwent a successful heart transplant procedure at Allegheny General Hospital. While living in Johnstown, Smith… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - September 7, 2018 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Richard Cerilli Source Type: news

Woman, 38, is left with a 'broken heart' after taking part in Zumba
Cardiologists in Michigan diagnosed the unnamed woman with takotsubo cardiomyopathy, also known as broken heart syndrome. The condition is usually triggered by a horrible shock. (stock) (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - September 5, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Inhibiting NF- & #954;B improves heart function in a mouse model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy
(Medical University of South Carolina) In an August 24, 2018 article in Nature Communications, investigators at the Medical University of South Carolina and Ohio State University report that nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) down-regulates calcium genes, contributing to cardiomyopathy in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Murine data show cardiomyocyte ablation of NF-κB rescues cardiac function. NF-κB promotes global chromatin landscape changes that repress calcium mobilization in DMD. This mechanism also contributes to skeletal muscle dysfunction. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - August 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

ATTR-ACT: Tafamidis Reduces Mortality in Amyloid Cardiomyopathy ATTR-ACT: Tafamidis Reduces Mortality in Amyloid Cardiomyopathy
A drug that binds transthyretin reduced all-cause mortality and cardiovascular hospitalizations and slowed decline in functional capacity in patients with transthyretin amyloid cardiomyopathy.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - August 27, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Cardiology News Source Type: news

Drug reduces deaths and hospitalizations from underdiagnosed form of heart failure
(Columbia University Irving Medical Center) A study led by Columbia University cardiologist Mathew Maurer showed that tafamidis reduced deaths from a type of heart failure called transthyretin amyloid cardiomyopathy. The drug could be one of the first effective treatments for the disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - August 27, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Epigenetic reprogramming of human hearts found in congestive heart failure
(University of Alabama at Birmingham) Congestive heart failure is a terminal disease that affects nearly 6 million Americans. Yet its management is limited to symptomatic treatments because the causal mechanisms of congestive heart failure are not known. Researchers have now described an underlying mechanism that reprograms the hearts of patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy, a process that differs from patients with other forms of heart failure. This points the way toward future personalized care. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - August 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Guns and Death; Diabetes Typing: It's PodMed Double T! (with audio)
(MedPage Today) -- This week's topics include caliber of bullets and handgun deaths, a novel agent for dilated cardiomyopathy, getting genomic screening into clinical practice, and new diabetes subtypes based on continuous glucose monitoring. (Source: MedPage Today Nephrology)
Source: MedPage Today Nephrology - August 4, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: news

A protein could be key to preserving heart function in Duchenne muscular dystrophy
(American Heart Association) The brain-derived neurotrophic factor protein, known to be vital for brain function, might hold the key for preserving heart function in children and young adults with Duchenne muscular dystrophy.Heart failure often kills Duchenne patients early in life and there is no effective treatment.Developing therapies designed to activate or supplement brain-derived neurotrophic factor could give new hope to patients at risk for Duchenne cardiomyopathy. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - August 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Rapid Improvement of Dilated Cardiomyopathy With Anakinra
TUESDAY, July 31, 2018 -- In a report published online July 31 in the Annals of Internal Medicine, doctors describe the case of a patient with dilated cardiomyopathy who experienced rapid clinical improvements with use of anakinra, the recombinant... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - July 31, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Inflammatory Hypothesis Reaches Dilated Cardiomyopathy
(MedPage Today) -- Case report shows'unprecedented clinical improvement'with an IL-1 blocker (Source: MedPage Today Rheumatology)
Source: MedPage Today Rheumatology - July 30, 2018 Category: Rheumatology Source Type: news

Steroid Abuse Put 60-Year-Old Bodybuilder in the Hospital
THURSDAY, July 26, 2018 -- In a report published online July 23 in BMJ Case Reports, doctors present the case of an amateur weight-lifter who developed non-ischemic cardiomyopathy after using anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS). The 60-year-old... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - July 26, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

This engineered heart ventricle helps with studying arrhythmia and cardiomyopathy
[Luke MacQueen and Michael Rosnach/Harvard University]While engineered heart tissues can replicate muscle contraction and electrical activity in a dish, many aspects of heart disease can only adequately be captured in 3D. In a report published online yesterday by Nature Biomedical Engineering, researchers describe a scale model of a heart ventricle, built to replicate the chamber’s architecture, physiology and contractions. Cardiac researchers at Boston Children’s Hospital think it could help them find treatments for congenital heart diseases. Building a 3D engineered heart ventricle Collaborators from the Harv...
Source: Mass Device - July 26, 2018 Category: Medical Devices Authors: Danielle Kirsh Tags: Blog Vector Blog Source Type: news

Popular Grain-Free Dog Foods May Be Linked to Heart Disease
A small but concerning number of dogs on diets heavy in lentils, chickpeas and other legumes have developed enlarged hearts. Researchers are investigating. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - July 24, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: JAN HOFFMAN Tags: Dogs Heart Diet and Nutrition Pet Foods Food and Drug Administration Veterinary Medicine cardiomyopathy Source Type: news

Possible Link Between Grain-Free Dog Food and Heart Disease, F.D.A. Says
The number of dogs on the popular diets who have developed enlarged hearts is small but concerning. Researchers are beginning to investigate causes. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - July 24, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: JAN HOFFMAN Tags: Dogs Diet and Nutrition Pet Foods Food and Drug Administration Veterinary Medicine cardiomyopathy Source Type: news

Grain-free food linked to heart disease in dogs
Dogs that eat grain-free diets may be more prone to develop a canine cardiovascular disease that has historically been seen in just a few breeds. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Center for Veterinary Medicine and a group of veterinary diagnostic laboratories are investigating the potential link between canine dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and pet foods containing seeds or potatoes as main ingredients.  Breeds genetically predispose d to DCM, which often results in congestive heart failure,… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Physician Practices headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Physician Practices headlines - July 16, 2018 Category: American Health Authors: Anne Stych Source Type: news

Dog Heart Disease May Be Linked to Potato-Based Pet Food, FDA Says
Potato-based pet foods may be causing heart disease in dogs, the U.S. Food & Drug Administration warned this week. The government agency is investigating a potential link between pet foods with peas, lentils, potatoes and other legume seeds and instances of canine dilated cardiomyopathy in dogs not typically vulnerable to the disease. “Highly unusual” reports of these dogs contracting the disease prompted the FDA to investigate their food sources, which, the agency notes, largely contained those certain ingredients. .@FDAanimalhealth is investigating the potential association between reports of canine di...
Source: TIME: Health - July 13, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jennifer Calfas Tags: Uncategorized onetime Pets Source Type: news

A heartfelt gift: KU Health System gets $2M from former MGP chairman
Cloud "Bud" Cray Jr., the longtime head and chairman emeritus of Atchison-based distiller MGP Ingredients Inc. (Nasdaq: MGPI), will donate $2 million to The University of Kansas Health System. Cray announced the gift on Tuesday, dedicated to the health system's heart programs in honor of the care his family received there. The donation, in both Cray and his late wife, Sally Cray's name, will support KU Health System's cardio-oncology program, as well as its cardiomyopathy and heart failure program. "I… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care News Headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care News Headlines - July 3, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Elise Reuter Source Type: news

A heartfelt gift: KU Health System gets $2M from former MGP chairman
Cloud "Bud" Cray Jr., the longtime head and chairman emeritus of Atchison-based distiller MGP Ingredients Inc. (Nasdaq: MGPI), will donate $2 million to The University of Kansas Health System. Cray announced the gift on Tuesday, dedicated to the health system's heart programs in honor of the care his family received there. The donation, in both Cray and his late wife, Sally Cray's name, will support KU Health System's cardio-oncology program, as well as its cardiomyopathy and heart failure program. "I… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - July 3, 2018 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Elise Reuter Source Type: news

Performance-enhancing drugs abuse caused cardiomyopathy and acute hepatic injury in a young bodybuilder - Li C, Adhikari BK, Gao L, Zhang S, Liu Q, Wang Y, Sun J.
A number of performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs) are used illicitly to improve muscle strength by the bodybuilders. The misuse of these drugs is associated with serious adverse effects to different organs. A previously healthy 22-year-old male bodybuilder af... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 27, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Women have stronger hearts: Men are 64% more likely to die from a common cardiovascular condition
Researchers from Imperial College London found dilated cardiomyopathy causes fewer fatalities in women despite them being 10 per cent more at risk of heart failure and symptoms like fatigue. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - June 12, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Synthetic Cannabis May Increase Ischemic Cardiomyopathy Risk
FRIDAY, June 8, 2018 -- A case of severe ischemic cardiomyopathy in the absence of traditional risk factors and attributed to synthetic cannabinoid use is described in a report published online June 7 in BMJ Case Reports. Sumera Khan, from the... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - June 8, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Researchers Find That Whole-Genome Sequencing Does Not Significantly Increase Downstream Care Costs in 200-Person Brigham and Women ’s Hospital Study
In what could be a major boon to clinical laboratories and healthcare providers, researchers found that fears of rampant testing and ballooning spending due to results of whole-genome sequencing may be less of a concern than opponents claim Clinical laboratory testing and personalized medicine (AKA, precision medicine) continue to reshape how the healthcare industry approaches […] (Source: Dark Daily)
Source: Dark Daily - June 6, 2018 Category: Laboratory Medicine Authors: Jude Tags: Digital Pathology Instruments & Equipment Laboratory Management and Operations Laboratory News Laboratory Operations Laboratory Pathology Laboratory Testing anatomic pathology Brigham and Women’s Hospital cardiomyopathy clinical labo Source Type: news

Images show what alcohol does to the heart
Researchers from  Imperial College London found that out of 141 alcoholic cardiomyopathy patients, 13.5 per cent carry a mutation in the gene that is critical to maintaining heart muscle flexibility. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

What alcohol does to the heart: Images show the difference between a healthy organ and a drinker's
Researchers from  Imperial College London found that out of 141 alcoholic cardiomyopathy patients, 13.5 per cent carry a mutation in the gene that is critical to maintaining heart muscle flexibility. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

The causality nexus between the tako-tsubo syndrome and an assault: a forensic case report - Zribi M, Manoubi SA, Karray N, Charfeddine S, Benamar W, Hammami Z, Kammoun S, Maatoug S.
"Tako-tsubo" cardiomyopathy, also known as "broken heart syndrome," is one of the rarest types of stress-induced cardiomyopathy. It frequently mimics acute coronary syndrome, characterized by transient left ventricular dysfunction, electrocardiographic cha... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

More Variants in DCM-Tied Genes in Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy
THURSDAY, May 17, 2018 -- Patients with alcoholic cardiomyopathy (ACM) have more variants in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM)-associated genes than those without ACM, according to a study published in the May 22 issue of the Journal of the American... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - May 17, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Genetics Identified for Alcohol-Related Heart Damage
(MedPage Today) -- Variant in titin-coding gene contributes to cardiomyopathy susceptibility (Source: MedPage Today Cardiovascular)
Source: MedPage Today Cardiovascular - May 15, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Maddy Orford died of cardiomyopathy after two heart transplants
Talented 17 year-old Maddy Orford from Bourne, Lincolnshire, died in hospital after two heart transplants failed to treat her cardiomyopathy, a condition which weakens the heart. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - May 14, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Grieving mother warns of silent killer heart disease that took her 17 year old daughter ’s life
Talented 17 year-old Maddy Orford from Bourne, Lincolnshire, died in hospital after two heart transplants failed to treat her cardiomyopathy, a condition which weakens the heart. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - May 14, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Health Tip: Living With Cardiomyopathy
-- Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle that causes the heart to become enlarged, rigid or thicker. As the condition worsens, the heart becomes weaker and is less effective at pumping blood, the U.S. National Heart, Lung and Blood... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - April 19, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Health Tip: Living With Cardiomyopathy
Title: Health Tip: Living With CardiomyopathyCategory: Health NewsCreated: 4/19/2018 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 4/19/2018 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Heart General)
Source: MedicineNet Heart General - April 19, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Arrhythmic Events Drive Adverse Outomes in Kids with HCM (CME/CE)
(MedPage Today) -- Troponin I or T gene mutations predict worse cardiomyopathy outcomes (Source: MedPage Today Cardiovascular)
Source: MedPage Today Cardiovascular - April 18, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Could statins ease deadly heart condition in rare neuromuscular disease?
(University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine) Decreased HDL and ApoA-l levels in the general population are associated with an increased risk of death from cardiomyopathy and heart failure. Researchers found the FA patients had serum ApoA-I levels lower than healthy control subjects. In preclinical studies using cell models that mimicked liver cells of patients with the rare disease Friedreich's ataxia (FA), a widely used cholesterol-lowering drug increased a precursor of HDL (high-density lipoprotein), the " good cholesterol. " (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - April 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

High-Intensity Exercise Harmful in Arrhythmogenic Cardiomyopathy
FRIDAY, April 6, 2018 -- High-intensity exercise in an independent marker for ventricular arrhythmia (VA) in arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (AC), according to a study published online March 28 in JACC: Clinical Electrophysiology. Øyvind H. Lie,... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - April 6, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Thrombolysis Deniers; Stroke Visor; Genetic Cardiomyopathy Drug
(MedPage Today) -- Recent developments of interest in cardiovascular medicine (Source: MedPage Today Cardiovascular)
Source: MedPage Today Cardiovascular - April 2, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Methamphetamine Abuse Exacts Heavy Toll on the Heart Methamphetamine Abuse Exacts Heavy Toll on the Heart
A large case series sheds light on pulmonary arterial hypertension and dilated cardiomyopathy associated with methamphetamine abuse.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Pathology Headlines)
Source: Medscape Pathology Headlines - March 27, 2018 Category: Pathology Tags: Cardiology News Source Type: news

A Diagnostic Dilemma: Sometimes You ’ ll Never Know
Patient Presentation A 9-year-old male came to clinic with a 1 month history of painful joint swelling. One month ago he started having right ankle pain that was intermittent but consistent. One day ago his right wrist, right ankle and bilateral knees had some swelling but no erythema or warmth. He says that he has pain in them when he moves but not when he is resting and he denies any joint stiffness or gelling. He also had 1-2 days of multiple red skin lesions on his extremities and trunk, not overlying the affected joints. The skin lesions do not come and go and do not itch. They are mainly discrete circular lesions wi...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - March 19, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Chinese Medicine prescription found to improve heart function in those with dilated cardiomyopathy
(Natural News) The efficacy of Chinese versus western medicine has been a subject of debate for years. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) banks on plant roots, fruits and herbs to cure illnesses. Western medicine, on other hand, consists of lab-synthesized chemical drugs. A recent study focused on the effect of TCM, using Yiqi Yangyin (a mixture of  various... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - March 10, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Genetic Testing for Cardiomyopathy Less Useful for Minorities
(MedPage Today) -- Dearth of data from non-white groups may reduce conclusive testing (Source: MedPage Today Cardiovascular)
Source: MedPage Today Cardiovascular - February 28, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Gender, Other Factors Tip Meth Users Toward PAH or Cardiomyopathy
(MedPage Today) -- Mechanism by which methamphetamine affects heart still poorly understood (Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry)
Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry - February 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: news

FDA Expands Impella Pump Indications in High-Risk PCI, Shock FDA Expands Impella Pump Indications in High-Risk PCI, Shock
The catheter-delivered temporary ventricular support pumps are now indicated for high-risk PCI regardless of LV function, and for shock secondary to cardiomyopathy, Abiomed announced.FDA Approvals (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - February 14, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Cardiology News Alert Source Type: news

Abiomed wins expanded Impella FDA nod for elective, urgent high-risk PCI
Abiomed (NSDQ:ABMD) said today it won expanded FDA premarket approval for its Impella 2.5 and Impella CP heart pumps, now cleared for use during elective and urgent high risk percutaneous coronary intervention procedures. With the expansion, the Impella heart pump is cleared for use with patients with severe coronary artery disease, complex anatomy and a number of co-morbidities with or without depressed ejection fractions, the Danvers, Mass.-based company said. “This expanded FDA approval with moderately reduced ejection fraction validates our real-world experience using hemodynamic support in patients turned d...
Source: Mass Device - February 14, 2018 Category: Medical Devices Authors: Fink Densford Tags: Cardiac Assist Devices Cardiovascular Catheters Food & Drug Administration (FDA) Regulatory/Compliance Abiomed Source Type: news

FDA OKs Impella Heart Pump for Cardiomyopathy with Shock
(MedPage Today) -- Percutaneous devices expand beyond post-MI or procedural shock (Source: MedPage Today Nephrology)
Source: MedPage Today Nephrology - February 13, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: news

Abiomed Receives Approval for Expanded FDA Indication for Cardiomyopathy with Cardiogenic Shock
DANVERS, Mass., Feb. 13, 2018 -- (Healthcare Sales & Marketing Network) -- Abiomed, Inc. (NASDAQ:ABMD), a leading provider of breakthrough heart support and recovery technologies, announced today that it has received an expanded U.S. Food and Drug Administ... Devices, Cardiology, FDA Abiomed, Impella, ventricular support, Cardiomyopathy, Cardiogenic Shock (Source: HSMN NewsFeed)
Source: HSMN NewsFeed - February 13, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news