Parent-Child Reminiscing Affects Children's Pain Memories Parent-Child Reminiscing Affects Children's Pain Memories
How parents and children reminisce about the child's recent surgery affects the child's pain memory, researchers from Canada report.Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape General Surgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape General Surgery Headlines - April 19, 2019 Category: Surgery Tags: Anesthesiology News Source Type: news

Cardiac Risk of Noncardiac Surgery After PCI With DES Cardiac Risk of Noncardiac Surgery After PCI With DES
How prevalent are major adverse cardiac events and bleeding complications in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery after placement of second-generation drug-eluting stents?Anesthesia & Analgesia (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - April 19, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Anesthesiology Journal Article Source Type: news

New parents slapped with surprise $4K bill for out-of-network anesthesiologist
Adam and Laura Parkinsons were charged $3,700 after Laura gave birth to their son last year. The couple had chose an in-network hospital, but got an uncovered anesthesiologist. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - April 19, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

New UCLA center focusing on disorders of the esophagus to be named for Robert G. Kardashian
TheDavid Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA has established a center for holistic, patient-centered treatment, research and education related to disorders of the esophagus.The new center is named in memory of Robert G. Kardashian, a prominent Los Angeles attorney who died of esophageal cancer in 2003. Kardashian ’s family will launch fundraising efforts to provide resources for the center’s key initiatives and activities.TheRobert G. Kardashian Center for Esophageal Health, which is based in the UCLA Vatche and Tamar Manoukian Division of Digestive Diseases, combines UCLA Health ’s collective expertise in ...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - April 18, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Family hit with $3,700 bill for out-of-network anesthesiologist
A growing number of states are passing laws to protect patients from surprise medical bills. Many come from doctors outside of their insurance networks. Jim Axelrod has one family's story. (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - April 18, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

General anesthesia hijacks sleep circuitry to knock you out
(Duke University) In a study published online April 18 in Neuron, researchers found that general anesthesia induces unconsciousness by hijacking the neural circuitry that makes us fall sleep. They traced this neural circuitry back to a cluster of cells at the base of the brain responsible for churning out hormones to regulate bodily functions, mood, and sleep. The finding could lead to better drugs capable of putting people to sleep with fewer side effects. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - April 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Family hit with $3,700 bill for out-of-network anesthesiologist
When Adam and Laura Parkinson chose their hospital and obstetrician for the birth of their son, they didn't think they would get hit with a surprise bill for the epidural (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - April 18, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Scientists Restore Some Brain Activity in Recently Slaughtered Pigs
(NEW YORK) — Scientists restored some activity within the brains of pigs that had been slaughtered hours before, raising hopes for some medical advances and questions about the definition of death. The brains could not think or sense anything, researchers stressed. By medical standards “this is not a living brain,” said Nenad Sestan of the Yale School of Medicine, one of the researchers reporting the results Wednesday in the journal Nature. But the work revealed a surprising degree of resilience among cells within a brain that has lost its supply of blood and oxygen, he said. “Cell death in the brai...
Source: TIME: Health - April 17, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Uncategorized Brain Activity onetime Source Type: news

Scientists Restore Some Brain Activity in Recently Slaughtered Pigs
(NEW YORK) — Scientists restored some activity within the brains of pigs that had been slaughtered hours before, raising hopes for some medical advances and questions about the definition of death. The brains could not think or sense anything, researchers stressed. By medical standards “this is not a living brain,” said Nenad Sestan of the Yale School of Medicine, one of the researchers reporting the results Wednesday in the journal Nature. But the work revealed a surprising degree of resilience among cells within a brain that has lost its supply of blood and oxygen, he said. “Cell death in the brai...
Source: TIME: Science - April 17, 2019 Category: Science Authors: MALCOLM RITTER / AP Tags: Uncategorized Brain Activity onetime Source Type: news

New UCLA center focusing on disorders of the esophagus to be named for Robert Kardashian
TheDavid Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA has established a center for holistic, patient-centered treatment, research and education related to disorders of the esophagus.The new center is named in memory of Robert G. Kardashian, a prominent Los Angeles attorney who died of esophageal cancer in 2003. Kardashian ’s family will launch fundraising efforts to provide resources for the center’s key initiatives and activities.TheRobert G. Kardashian Center for Esophageal Health, which is based in the UCLA Vatche and Tamar Manoukian Division of Digestive Diseases, combines UCLA Health ’s collective expertise in ...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - April 17, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Early Tracheostomy and Complications in Head and Neck Surgery Early Tracheostomy and Complications in Head and Neck Surgery
Might early elective tracheostomy reduce the incidence of postoperative pneumonia and delirium in patients undergoing head and neck surgery?BMC Anesthesiology (Source: Medscape Critical Care Headlines)
Source: Medscape Critical Care Headlines - April 17, 2019 Category: Intensive Care Tags: Anesthesiology Journal Article Source Type: news

Cannabis Users May Need More Anesthesia for Surgery Cannabis Users May Need More Anesthesia for Surgery
People who regularly use cannabis may need more than twice the usual dose of anesthesia for surgery, a U.S. study suggests.Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - April 16, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Anesthesiology News Source Type: news

Marijuana Users May Need More Sedation For Medical Procedures
(CNN) — People who regularly use cannabis may need two times the level of sedation required by nonusers when undergoing medical procedures, a small-scale study finds. Fentanyl, midazolam and propofol, three sedation drugs commonly used during endoscopic procedures, were compared in the research. With “continued increase in legalization and use of cannabis, the field of anesthesia and sedation needs further studies with greater depth,” wrote the authors of the study, published Monday in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association. Wider use follows legalization Marijuana has gained popularity aroun...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - April 16, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News CNN Marijuana Source Type: news

Another Cost of the Opioid Epidemic: Billions of Dollars in Lost Taxes
Title: Another Cost of the Opioid Epidemic: Billions of Dollars in Lost TaxesCategory: Health NewsCreated: 4/16/2019 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 4/16/2019 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Chronic Pain General)
Source: MedicineNet Chronic Pain General - April 16, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: news

New Anesthetic Proven to Reduce Pain in Pediatric Dentistry
This article is vital research in the arena of pediatric dentistry as it eliminates the need of very painful palatal injections, thus reducing the number of pricks to one. Elimination of painful palatal injections reduces children’s anxiety, thus instilling a positive dental attitude in th em. This research also will lay a cornerstone for further research to explore newer drugs and techniques for better patient compliance.”By reducing the number of injections to one, articaine is setting the groundwork for a more positive pediatric dental experience. As the researchers notes, this study opens the door for addit...
Source: Dental Technology Blog - April 16, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: news

Cannabis users may need more anesthesia for surgery
(Reuters Health) - People who regularly use cannabis may need more than twice the usual dose of anesthesia for surgery, a U.S. study suggests. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - April 15, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Cannabis users need 220% more anesthesia to undergo surgery, study finds 
The report comes from a small study of 250 surgery patients in Colorado, where marijuana has been legal medically and recreationally since 2012. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - April 15, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

South Africa: This Is What It's Like Waking Up During Surgery
[Bhekisisa] General anaesthetic is supposed to make surgery painless. Now there's evidence that one person in 20 may be awake when doctors think they're under. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 15, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

NuVasive launches X360 lateral single-position surgery device
NuVasive Inc. (NSDQ:NUVA) said yesterday that it launched its X360 system intended for lateral single-position surgery in the U.S. The newly launched X360 system features improvements intended to accommodate advanced techniques and technologies for enhanced operating room workflow and efficiency, the San Diego-based company said. The system also features integration with NuVasive’s Pulse surgical automation platform to allow surgeons to perform multiple procedures from the lateral position. “X360 has transformed my approach to treating patients, allowing me to customize my surgical workflow, reduce patient...
Source: Mass Device - April 12, 2019 Category: Medical Devices Authors: Fink Densford Tags: Business/Financial News Surgical Nuvasive Source Type: news

CDC Clarifies Guideline on Opioid Prescribing for Chronic Pain
Clarification pertains to opioid prescribing for cancer patients, cancer survivors, sickle cell disease (Source: The Doctors Lounge - Oncology)
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Oncology - April 12, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncology, Pharmacy, Anesthesiology & amp; Pain, Institutional, Source Type: news

In Pregnancy, Buprenorphine Use Up, Methadone Use Down
And the 4Ps Plus and SURP - P scale are sensitive for identifying illicit drug use in pregnancy (Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry)
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry - April 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Family Medicine, Gynecology, Nursing, Pharmacy, Psychiatry, Anesthesiology & amp; Pain, Journal, Source Type: news

Americans Are Dying From Kratom Overdoses: CDC
Title: Americans Are Dying From Kratom Overdoses: CDCCategory: Health NewsCreated: 4/11/2019 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 4/12/2019 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Chronic Pain General)
Source: MedicineNet Chronic Pain General - April 12, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: news

How family practice anesthetists could help Nova Scotia's health system
Family practice anesthetists are common in hospitals across Ontario and in western provinces. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - April 11, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada/Nova Scotia Source Type: news

Don't Suddenly Stop Taking a Prescribed Opioid, FDA Warns
Title: Don't Suddenly Stop Taking a Prescribed Opioid, FDA WarnsCategory: Health NewsCreated: 4/10/2019 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 4/11/2019 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Chronic Pain General)
Source: MedicineNet Chronic Pain General - April 11, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: news

Anesthesia sends neurons down the wrong path in unborn rat babies
(Rush University Medical Center) A study in Cerebral Cortex provides new insight into why -- and when -- anesthesia during pregnancy harms unborn brains. Most research into prenatal exposure to anesthesia has focused killing brain cells, this rat study showed how anesthesia disrupts the 'precisely choreographed' migration neurons make in utero, and how not 'arriving at their proper and predetermined' locations can have profound impact on brain development. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - April 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Conformal Medical launches LAA seal study
Conformal Medical said yesterday that it launched an investigational device exemption trial for a device designed to seal off the heart’s left atrial appendage to help prevent stroke in atrial fibrillation patients. Nashua, N.H.-based Conformal’s device is designed to adapt to the each patient’s individual physiology, to be easier to implant with less imaging and without general anesthesia. The 45-patient, single-arm study is designed to evaluate the device’s performance, with an estimated primary completion date of April 2020 and a final completion date of June 2025, according to ClinicalTrials.gov...
Source: Mass Device - April 10, 2019 Category: Medical Devices Authors: Brad Perriello Tags: Cardiac Implants Clinical Trials Featured Conformal Medical Source Type: news

Peripheral Nerve Block May Cut Opioid Use After Amputation
WEDNESDAY, April 10, 2019 -- Peripheral nerve blockade with regular local anesthetic and liposomal bupivacaine is associated with lower oral morphine equivalent (OME) use at 72 hours after major lower extremity amputation (MLEA), according to a... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - April 10, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Blood Pressure Perturbations after Abdominal Surgery Blood Pressure Perturbations after Abdominal Surgery
This study found that potentially serious postoperative hypotension or hypertension is common after abdominal surgery, and often goes undetected.Anesthesiology (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - April 10, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Anesthesiology Journal Article Source Type: news

Nurse Practitioners Often Restricted From Prescribing Opioid Treatments
Title: Nurse Practitioners Often Restricted From Prescribing Opioid TreatmentsCategory: Health NewsCreated: 4/9/2019 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 4/10/2019 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Chronic Pain General)
Source: MedicineNet Chronic Pain General - April 10, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: news

Insurers' Denials of Opioid Coverage Spurs CDC to Clarify Guidelines
Title: Insurers' Denials of Opioid Coverage Spurs CDC to Clarify GuidelinesCategory: Health NewsCreated: 4/9/2019 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 4/10/2019 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Chronic Pain General)
Source: MedicineNet Chronic Pain General - April 10, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: news

Association between household workload, career dissatisfaction for physician moms
This study used data from an online survey of about 1,700 physician mothers to examine how responsibilities at home are associated with career dissatisfaction and whether that differs by specialty. Nearly all of the physician mothers were partnered or married and 27 percent were in procedural specialties (defined as all surgical specialties, anesthesiologists, gastroenterologists and obstetricians-gynecologists). (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

New Anesthetic Proven to Reduce Pain in Pediatric Dentistry
In an effort to find a new method of pain management, researchers from the Sharad Pawar Dental College in Maharashtra, India, published a study in the current issue of Anesthesia Progress that...(PRWeb April 10, 2019)Read the full story at https://www.prweb.com/releases/new_anesthetic_proven_to_reduce_pain_in_pediatric_dentistry/prweb16232572.htm (Source: PRWeb: Medical Pharmaceuticals)
Source: PRWeb: Medical Pharmaceuticals - April 10, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Chloroprocaine Offers Adequate Anesthesia for Knee Arthroscopy
TUESDAY, April 9, 2019 -- Chloroprocaine results in adequate anesthesia with quick recovery of sensory/motor functions for knee arthroscopy in the ambulatory setting, according to a study presented at the Annual Regional Anesthesiology and Acute... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - April 9, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Gabapentin and Pregabalin for Pain in Children, Adolescents Gabapentin and Pregabalin for Pain in Children, Adolescents
What is the current evidence for the safety and efficacy of gabapentin and pregabalin for neuropathic and postoperative pain in children and adolescents?Anesthesia & Analgesia (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - April 5, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Anesthesiology Journal Article Source Type: news

Ethiopia: U.S. Investments Improve Skills of Nearly 50,000 Ethiopian Health Workers
[U.S. Embassy Addis Ababa] The United States marked the completion of its seven-year Strengthening Human Resources for Health project that improved skills training for nearly 50,000 health workers to enhance the quality of care and services in Ethiopia. Under this program, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) invested in more than 90 public and private higher education institutions to improve the quality of curriculum and practical training for various health disciplines, including physicians, midwives, anesthetists (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 4, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Boys trapped in Thai cave were drugged for risky rescue dives
The drugketamine has enjoyed a long career as a workhorse anesthetic. It had a brief career as a party drug known as “Special K.” And just last month, it won recognition from the Food and Drug Administration asa fast-acting antidote for treatment-resistant depression.But if you thought ketamine... (Source: Los Angeles Times - Science)
Source: Los Angeles Times - Science - April 3, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Melissa Healy Source Type: news

Channel Medsystems wins PMA for Cerene cryoablation device
Channel Medsystems last week won pre-market approval from the FDA for its Cerene endometrial cryoablation device, starting the clock on a mandatory three-year post-approval study. Cerene, which is designed to treat heavy but benign bleeding in premenopausal women for whom child bearing is complete, won CE Mark approval in the European Union in June 2017. The PMA granted March 28 is based on 12-month data from the 242-patient Clarity pivotal trial, which must now be extended for another 36 months, according to the FDA. Emeryville, Calif.-based Channel Medsystems must follow at least 85% of Clarity patients out to ...
Source: Mass Device - April 2, 2019 Category: Medical Devices Authors: Brad Perriello Tags: Featured Food & Drug Administration (FDA) Regulatory/Compliance Women's Health Boston Scientific Channel Medsystems Source Type: news

Decreasing Barbiturates in Pediatric Patients Sedated for MRI Decreasing Barbiturates in Pediatric Patients Sedated for MRI
Can premedication with intranasal dexmedetomidine reduce the thiopental dosage needed for efficient procedural sedation for pediatric MRI?BMC Anesthesiology (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - April 2, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Anesthesiology Journal Article Source Type: news

Awake Endoscopic Spinal Fusion Appears to Be Safe, Effective
MONDAY, April 1, 2019 -- Awake endoscopic minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) performed without general anesthesia is safe and seems effective for lumbar fusion, according to a study published online April 1 in... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - April 1, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Medical News Today: Causes and treatment of finger pain
Finger pain can result from a minor injury and will usually get better with self-care. However, severe, worsening, or recurring pain may indicate a more serious injury or underlying condition. Learn more about the causes and treatment of finger pain here. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - April 1, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pain / Anesthetics Source Type: news

Parenteral-Opioid Shortage Linked to Worse Pain Control in Palliative-Care Patients Parenteral-Opioid Shortage Linked to Worse Pain Control in Palliative-Care Patients
Patterns of opioid prescribing in palliative care changed significantly after the parenteral-opioid shortage was announced, and patients were less likely to achieve clinically improved pain, according to new findings.Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - April 1, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Anesthesiology News Source Type: news

Cannabis Products Used Differ for Cancer, Noncancer Patients
Cancer patients more likely to use sublingual tincture form; noncancer patients often use vaporization form (Source: The Doctors Lounge - Oncology)
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Oncology - April 1, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Neurology, Oncology, Pharmacy, Anesthesiology & amp; Pain, Journal, Source Type: news

Medical News Today: Music may enhance the effect of pain relievers
Can music soothe pain? A new study in mice finds that listening to Mozart alongside taking standard pain medication works better than drugs alone. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - March 30, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pain / Anesthetics Source Type: news

Medical News Today: What can cause stomach pain when breathing?
Stomach pain when breathing is often due to a problem with the diaphragm or the tissues in the chest cavity. Possible causes include injuries, hiatal hernia, pregnancy, pleurisy, and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Learn more here. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - March 29, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pain / Anesthetics Source Type: news

Woman Feels No Pain, Thanks to Her Genes
Title: Woman Feels No Pain, Thanks to Her GenesCategory: Health NewsCreated: 3/28/2019 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 3/29/2019 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Chronic Pain General)
Source: MedicineNet Chronic Pain General - March 29, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: news

At 71, She ’ s Never Felt Pain or Anxiety. Now Scientists Know Why.
Scientists discovered a previously unidentified genetic mutation in a Scottish woman. They hope it could lead to the development of new pain treatment. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - March 28, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: HEATHER MURPHY Tags: Genetics and Heredity Opioids and Opiates Pain-Relieving Drugs Anxiety and Stress University College London Scotland Jo Cameron The British Journal of Anaesthesia Source Type: news

At Age 71, She Has Never Felt Pain or Anxiety
Scientists discovered a previously unidentified genetic mutation in a Scottish woman. They hope it could lead to the development of new pain treatment. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - March 28, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: HEATHER MURPHY Tags: Genetics and Heredity Opioids and Opiates Pain-Relieving Drugs Anxiety and Stress University College London Scotland Jo Cameron The British Journal of Anaesthesia Source Type: news

How a Scottish Woman Endured Burns, Broken Bones, Childbirth and Surgeries Without Ever Feeling Pain
A newly discovered genetic mutation caused a Scottish woman to endure cuts, burns, broken bones, childbirth and surgery without feeling any pain, according to a case study published in the British Journal of Anaesthesia. About five years ago, Joanne Cameron, now 71, had what should have been a painful hand surgery at Scotland’s Raigmore Hospital, says Dr. Devjit Srivastava, a consultant in anesthesia and pain medicine at the hospital. “She mentioned that she does not feel pain and she did not need any anesthesia, which was not a usual day in the office for me,” Srivastava tells TIME. “I disregarded ...
Source: TIME: Health - March 28, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jamie Ducharme Tags: Uncategorized medicine onetime Source Type: news

David Attenborough Isn ’t Sure We Can Save the Natural World. But at 92, He’s Not Giving Up Trying
It’s the voice you notice first. In person, David Attenborough speaks in the same awestruck hush he has used in dozens of nature documentaries, a crisp half whisper that is often mimicked but seldom matched. Ninety-two years of use may have softened its edges, but still it carries the command of authority. Sitting in his home in the Richmond neighborhood of west London for one in a series of conversations, I feel compelled to drink a second cup of tea when he offers. It somehow seems wrong to say no. In his native U.K., Attenborough is held in the kind of esteem usually reserved for royalty. Over decades–first ...
Source: TIME: Science - March 28, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Dan Stewart Tags: Uncategorized Environment Source Type: news

CPR, Defibrillation, Epinephrine Delays in Cardiac Arrest CPR, Defibrillation, Epinephrine Delays in Cardiac Arrest
Timely initiation of CPR, defibrillation or epinephrine treatment is critical to improving survival among in-hospital cardiac arrest patients.Anesthesiology (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - March 27, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Anesthesiology Journal Article Source Type: news