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What are Potential Health Problems Associated with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome?

DiscussionPolycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects 6-8% of reproductive-age women making it the most common endocrinopathy in this age group. There is no consensus on the specific diagnostic criteria for PCOS in adolescents as many of the characteristics overlap with normal adolescent physiology. However, patients should have evidence of hyperandrogenism, oligo- or amenorrhea, and potentially polycystic ovaries. PCOS has a genetic component although a specific gene has not been identified. Incidence of PCOS is 20-40% for a woman with a family history. Hyperandrogenism Androgen levels change during puberty therefore actual measurement and interpretation can make the diagnosis more difficult. Obesity increases androgens. Puberty is associated with a 25-50% decrease in insulin sensitivity. Therefore evidence of hyperandrogenism can be difficult to document. Acne and hirsutism are common presentations. Hirsutism is the presence of terminal hairs in androgen dependent areas (i.e.male pattern) and is evidence of hyperandrogenism. Hypertrichosis is increase in vellus hair in non-male patterned areas such as forearms and lower legs and needs to be distinguished from hirsutism. Hypertrichosis is not evidence of hyperandrogenism. Patients may also have an increase in muscle mass or voice deepening. Oligo- or amenorrhea Anovulatory cycles are normal in pubertal girls so oligomenorrhea ( 2 years or have amenorrhea past the normal menarche should be considered for evaluation. This is ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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The Pallimed community is invited to participate in the #hpm Tweet Chat this week which help inform and shape a comparative effectiveness research proposal being designed by the Brain Cancer Quality of Life Collaborative, an initiative led by a team of patients, care partners, advocates, neuro-oncologists, and palliative care professionals.The #hpm Tweet Chat is this Wednesday, April 25th, 6-7p PST/9-10p ET.Topics for the chatare available here, in the #hpm chat ’s blog post,How might we introduce palliative care to people with complex neurological conditions, by Liz Salmi and Bethany Kwan, P...
Source: Pallimed: A Hospice and Palliative Medicine Blog - Category: Palliative Care Tags: #hpm brain cancer btsm tweetchat twitter Source Type: blogs
This study included all patients with non-metastatic primary T1 UBC reported to the Swedish National Register of Urinary Bladder Cancer (SNRUBC) from 1997 to 2014, excluding those treated with primary cystectomy. Differences between groups were evaluated using chi-squared tests and logistic regression, and survival was investigated using Kaplan-Meier and log-rank tests and Cox proportional hazards analysis. RESULTS: In all, 7681 patients with T1 UBC (77% male, 23% female) were included. Females were older than males at the time of diagnosis (median age at presentation 76 and 74 years, respectively; p 
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Scand J Urol Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our results support the hypothesis of widespread impairment resulting from alcohol consumption. The recovery of cognitive functions is not homogeneous during prolonged abstinence. PMID: 29674602 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Psychiatry Investigation - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry Investig Source Type: research
It appears the prescribing of Subsys in non-cancer patients is now considered a crime by the federal government. Las Vegas pain physician arrested for illegal fentanyl distribution: 5 things to know Written by Brian Zimmerman | February 19, 2018 www.beckershospitalreview.com Police arrested a Las Vegas pain management physician Feb. 13 for charges related to the unlawful distribution of fentanyl and healthcare fraud. Here... Subsys Rx for Non-cancer Patients Is Considered a Criminal Act
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Source Type: forums
Authors: Gao Y, Xu Y, Wang J, Yang X, Wen L, Feng J Abstract Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been acknowledged as important regulators in various human cancers. LncRNA MNX1-AS1has been shown to be an oncogene in epithelial ovarian cancer. However, the function of MNX1-AS1 in glioblastoma (GBM) remains largely unknown. Here, we found that the expression of MNX1-AS1 was significantly upregulated in GBM tissues and cell lines. Knockdown of MNX1-AS1 significantly inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion of GBM cells. In terms of mechanism, we found that MNX1-AS1 could bind to miR-4443 in GBM cells. Overex...
Source: Oncology Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Res Source Type: research
This study also identified cordycepin derivatives with promising pharmacological and pharmacokinetic properties for further investigation in the development of new treatments for endometrial cancer. PMID: 29673423 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Oncology Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Res Source Type: research
Authors: Wang L, Li Q, Ye Z, Qiao B Abstract Renal carcinoma greatly threatens human health, but the involved molecular mechanisms are far from complete understanding. As a master oncogene driving the initiation of many other cancers, Pokemon has not been established to be associated with renal cancer. Our data revealed that Pokemon is highly expressed in renal carcinoma specimen and cell lines, compared with normal cells. The silencing of Pokemon suppressed the proliferation and invasion of renal cancer cells. Pokemon overexpression rendered normal cells with higher proliferation rates and invasiveness. Animal stu...
Source: Oncology Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Res Source Type: research
Conclusion Low dose of acacetin from 10^-3 μM to 1 μM promoted the proliferation of MCF-7 cells through the ERK/PI3K/AKT pathway and its downstream cyclin signaling, and this pathway is mainly mediated by the expression of ERα. PMID: 29676234 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Recent Patents on Anti-Cancer Drug Discovery - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Recent Pat Anticancer Drug Discov Source Type: research
Authors: Iqbal A, Novodvorsky P, Heller SR Abstract This corrects the article on p. 3 in vol. 42, PMID: 29504302. PMID: 29676550 [PubMed]
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes Metab J Source Type: research
Authors: Cho NH, Kim HS PMID: 29676549 [PubMed]
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes Metab J Source Type: research
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