The women fighting infertility stigma in Nigeria
Three Nigerian women confront the prejudice they have faced on their fertility journeys. (Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition)
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - July 31, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Ghana: Adoption - Accepting the Alternative Family System to Break Infertility Stigma
[Ghanaian Times] Being married for a decade without biological children is one of the most painful emotional and psychological experiences any woman or a man could go through. (Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth)
Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth - July 29, 2021 Category: OBGYN Source Type: news

Genetic engineering test with mosquitoes ‘may be game changer’ in eliminating malaria
UK scientist says gene-drive study rendering female insects infertile may lead to ‘self destruct mosquito’ field tests within 10 yearsScientists have successfully wiped out a population of malaria-transmitting mosquitoes by using a radical form of genetic engineering to render the females infertile – in the most advanced and largest ever test of use of the technology to fight the disease.As well as bringing fresh hope in the fight against one of the world ’s biggest killers, the study lays the foundations for further trials of gene-drive technology which could mean self-destroying mosquitoes being r...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - July 28, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Linda Geddes Tags: Malaria Genetics Gene editing Insects Imperial College London Microbiology Africa Burkina Faso World news Science Medical research Wildlife UK news Source Type: news

GOT PLAYED: 124 million Democrats have taken Trump vaccines... what happens if they start dying?
(Natural News) In what might be one of the most devastating tactical maneuvers in the history of America, President Trump has managed to corral as many as 124 million Democrats to take “Trump vaccines” that are linked to infertility, autoimmune disorders and increasing deaths. We will discuss the ethical implications below. That aside, if these... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - July 26, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Nigeria: Expert Urges Collaboration to Tackle Infertility, Other Health Challenges
[Daily Trust] A consultant gynaecologist and fertility specialist, Dr Kenneth Egwuda, has called for more collaboration among players in the health sector to ensure quality service delivery. (Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth)
Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth - July 20, 2021 Category: OBGYN Source Type: news

Ultrasound misses endometrial cancer in Black women
Using transvaginal ultrasound to measure endometrial thickness to determin...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Radiologists can help reduce disparities around COVID-19 6 ways to address healthcare inequality in radiology Hysterosalpingo contrast ultrasound shows promise in infertility exams Ultrasound steps up in COVID-19 pandemic Model predicts metastases in endometrial cancer patients (Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines)
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - July 15, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: news

Google trends, the COVID-19 vaccine and infertility misinformation
(American Osteopathic Association) In an era of rampant misinformation, researchers review how misinformation regarding infertility and the COVID-19 vaccine spread. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - July 13, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Mediating effects of emotional self-disclosure on the relationship between depression and quality of life for women undergoing in-vitro fertilization - Kim M, Hong JE, Ban M.
This study aimed to identify the moderating and mediating effect of emotional self-disclosure between depression and quality of life for women under infertility treatment. The subjects included 169 infertile women under in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatme... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

What Problems are Ciliopathies Associated With?
Discussion Nephronophthisis (NPHP) one cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) usually occurring before age 30 years. NPHP is a non-motile ciliopathy affecting cellular sensing in the renal tubular epithelium. See To Learn More below. The incidence varies according to location with 1:1 million in the US but 1:50,000 in Finland. There are 3 subtypes: Infantile Occurs usually within 1 year of life Enlarged kidneys and severe hypertension In utero can have oligohydramnios problems such as pulmonary hypoplasia, facial dysmorphisms, limb contractures Extra-renal problems include congenital heart disease, liver fibrosis, recur...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - July 5, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Ovarian Stimulation Drugs Not Tied to Higher Breast Cancer Risk
THURSDAY, July 1, 2021 -- Women treated with ovarian stimulation drugs for infertility do not have a significantly increased risk of breast cancer, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis published in the July issue of Fertility and... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - July 1, 2021 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Exposure to common chemicals wreaks havoc on your hormones: Endocrine disruptors linked to multiple health problems
(Natural News) Endocrine disruptors are toxic chemicals that interfere with your endocrine system, which is the network of glands that produce, store and secrete hormones. Also known as endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDC), these toxins are linked to multiple health problems, including infertility, diabetes, cancer and stunted brain development. Endocrine disruptors are found in a long list of common, everyday products, such... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - June 29, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Newly discovered sperm movement could help diagnose, treat male infertility
(University of Toledo) The research finds that the atypical centriole in the sperm neck acts as a transmission system that controls twitching in the head of the sperm, mechanically synchronizing the sperm tail movement to the new head movement. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - June 28, 2021 Category: Biology Source Type: news

What Types of New Therapies are Available for Cystic Fibrosis?
Discussion Cystic fibrosis (CF) was identified in 1938 by Dr. Dorothy Andersen who described 49 patients with pancreatic insufficiency. Since that time significant achievements in the knowledge about the disease and treatments for patients have changed the mortality from a few months to patients living into middle adulthood or even later. Quality of life for patients and their families and friends has also markedly improved. CF is the classic Mendelian autosomal recessive genetic disorder which is a worldwide disorder but affects people of north European ancestry more often where the main mutation is more common. There are...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - June 28, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Fertility Drugs Won't Raise Breast Cancer Risk
WEDNESDAY, June 23, 2021 -- Women battling infertility are often given medications to help them conceive, and potential side effects are always a concern. Now, research suggests use of the drugs won't raise a woman's odds for breast... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - June 23, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Researchers hope a protein blueprint might aid infertility treatments
(University of Cincinnati) University of Cincinnati researchers have developed a blueprint of the protein anti-M ü llerian hormone hormone helps form male reproductive organs and in females regulates follicle development and ovulation in the ovaries. That knowledge could help researchers treating female infertility. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Former Supplement Company Owner Pleads Guilty to Unlawful Distribution of Anabolic Steroids and Steroid-Like Drugs
FDA OCI, James Chadwick Brooks, Norcross GA, CCB Nutrition, guilty plea, unapproved new drug, defraud, mislead, consumers, androsterone, trestolone, epiandrosterone, methylstenbolone, bodybuilding, fitness, Arimistane, bone maturation, bone growth, sperm production, infertility, consumer protection, (Source: Office of Criminal Investigations (OCI) Press Releases)
Source: Office of Criminal Investigations (OCI) Press Releases - June 21, 2021 Category: Medical Law Authors: DOJ Source Type: news

Fertility drugs used in IVF do NOT increase the risk of women developing breast cancer, study finds
There was no significant increase in the risk of breast cancer among women treated with any ovarian stimulation drug for infertility, say King's College London scientists. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - June 21, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Glyphosate pesticides persist for years in wild plants and cause flower infertility
(Frontiers) Glyphosate is an herbicide commonly used in forestry operations throughout British Columbia, Canada. Researchers investigated how the chemical may affect the reproductive health of prickly wild rose, a perennial plant found beneath the forest canopy. The new study, by the open access publisher Frontiers, found that pollen viability decreased by an average of 66 percent compared to untreated plants a year after the herbicide was initially applied, with traces of glyphosate persisting for at least two years. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - June 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Covid vaccines causing men to become infertile, develop prostate cancer
(Natural News) A Florida urologist says that Wuhan coronavirus (Covid-19) vaccines appear to be triggering a massive uptick in prostate cancer and infertility among his male patients. Dr. Diego Rubinowicz spoke with local media recently, revealing that men’s prostate-specific antigen (PSA) values are mysteriously spiking after they receive an experimental injection for the Chinese Virus,... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - June 15, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Hope for infertile men; mice could hold the secret
(The Company of Biologists) Male infertility affects around 8-12% of men globally, with over 20 million cases known. Now, researchers at Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, China, led by Na Li and Ling Sun, may be able to offer infertile men a glimpse of hope, after discovering a new protein that controls male fertility in mice. These findings, published in the journal Development, pinpoint a new potential target to treat the underlying causes of male infertility in humans. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 14, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The COVID Fertility Issue We'Should' Be Worried About The COVID Fertility Issue We'Should' Be Worried About
Are your patients concerned about the COVID vaccine causing infertility? Dr F. Perry Wilson argues that there is more reason to worry about infertility arising from the SARS-CoV-2 virus itself.Medscape (Source: Medscape Infectious Diseases Headlines)
Source: Medscape Infectious Diseases Headlines - June 10, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infectious Diseases Commentary Source Type: news

Nigeria: Common Misconceptions and Myths About Infertility and in Vitro Fertilization (IVF) (I)
[This Day] Louise Brown, the first baby ever conceived with the use of IVF, was born on the 25th of July 1978. Since that time, which is over four decades ago, Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) has played a large role in successfully treating Millions of infertile couples globally. In 2020, the estimated number of children conceived and given birth to by ART was estimated to be over Eight Million. Despite this huge number, there are still numerous myths and misconceptions surrounding these Reproductive Technique (Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth)
Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth - June 10, 2021 Category: OBGYN Source Type: news

Falling sperm counts aren't as alarming as they sound | Marion Boulicault and Meredith Reiches
Apocalyptic predictions about male infertility seem to be everywhere, but the science doesn ’t support themWhat ’s too small to see with the naked eye, made by half the population in batches of millions, and in alarmingly short supply? The answer, according to some scientists, is sperm. Specifically,researchersare concerned that men in the west have been producing fewer and fewer sperm since the 1970s, a decline that they say shows no sign of stopping. At the current rate, they say, these men could beinfertile by 2045. But these figures should give us pause. The idea that the sperm of men in western countries i...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - June 7, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Marion Boulicault and Meredith Reiches Tags: Human biology Fertility problems Health Society Reproduction Men Science Source Type: news

The Sperm-Count ‘Crisis’ Doesn’t Add Up
Reports of a decline in male fertility rely on flawed assumptions, a new study contends. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - June 4, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Rachel E. Gross Tags: your-feed-science your-feed-health In Vitro Fertilization Infertility Reproduction (Biological) Testosterone Women and Girls Men and Boys Swan, Shanna H Research Human Fertility Source Type: news

FDA Warns of Bogus Fertility Claims for Some Supplements
MONDAY, May 31, 2021 -- Women who are struggling to get pregnant, beware of false dietary supplements that claim to help cure infertility and other reproductive health issues. Such supplements are not approved by the U.S. Food and Drug... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - May 31, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

FDA Warns of Bogus Dietary Supplements That Claim to Help Cure Infertility and Other Reproductive Health Issues
MONDAY, May 31, 2021 -- Women who are struggling to get pregnant, beware of false dietary supplements that claim to help cure infertility and other reproductive health issues. Such supplements are not approved by the U.S. Food and Drug... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - May 31, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Resilient Oregon: Ceek Women's Health founder on launching products, raising capital (video)
Fahti Khosrow founded her company, Ceek Women's Health, after three years of infertility treatments. Once she was beyond the treatments, and happily raising two daughters, she began reflecting on ways her journey through treatments could have been more caring and comfortable. Her answer: an update to the vaginal speculum. It turns out, Khosrow said, the medical device used in millions of gyneco logical exams each year hadn't been updated in a century. Khosrow, who has a master's degree in chemistry… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care News Headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care News Headlines - May 27, 2021 Category: Health Management Authors: Suzanne Stevens Source Type: news

Resilient Oregon: Ceek Women's Health founder on launching products, raising capital (video)
Fahti Khosrow founded her company, Ceek Women's Health, after three years of infertility treatments. Once she was beyond the treatments, and happily raising two daughters, she began reflecting on ways her journey through treatments could have been more caring and comfortable. Her answer: an update to the vaginal speculum. It turns out, Khosrow said, the medical device used in millions of gyneco logical exams each year hadn't been updated in a century. Khosrow, who has a master's degree in chemistry… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - May 27, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Suzanne Stevens Source Type: news

Watch Out for False Promises on Some Dietary Supplements
Dietary supplements claiming to cure, treat, mitigate, or prevent infertility and other reproductive health conditions may be scams. Learn more in this Consumer Update. (Source: FDA Consumer Health Information Updates)
Source: FDA Consumer Health Information Updates - May 26, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: FDA Source Type: news

Former Nurse Sentenced for Tampering with Fentanyl Vials Intended for Patients at Fertility Clinic
FDA OCI, Donna Monticone, Oxford CT, nurse, sentence, tampering, opioids, fentanyl, vial, patients, fertility clinic, Yale Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, secure storage, syringe, surgical procedures, anesthetic, absence, adulterated, sterile saline, consumer protection, (Source: Office of Criminal Investigations (OCI) Press Releases)
Source: Office of Criminal Investigations (OCI) Press Releases - May 25, 2021 Category: Medical Law Authors: DOJ Source Type: news

To Vaccinate Younger Teens, States and Cities Look to Schools, Camps, Even Beaches
The F.D.A. ’s authorization of Pfizer’s Covid shot for 12- to 15-year-olds is a milestone in battling the coronavirus, but actually getting them vaccinated involves new challenges. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - May 11, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: your-feed-science Vaccination and Immunization Children and Childhood Youth Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Parenting States (US) Food and Drug Administration Pfizer Inc your-feed-healthcare Motivation and Incentive Programs Infertility Me Source Type: news

Most in US who remain unvaccinated need convincing: Poll
No, COVID-19 vaccines won’t cause infertility. (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - May 11, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: Clinic Helps Couples Overcome Infertility, Stigma
[VOA] In much of Africa, including Zimbabwe, women struggling to have children often face stigma and ridicule. To help overcome the problem, two Zimbabwean doctors in 2017 re-opened the country's only in vitro fertilization clinic. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - May 11, 2021 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Consumer Health: Treating polycystic ovary syndrome
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a hormonal disorder common among women of reproductive age. Complications can include infertility, gestational diabetes or pregnancy-induced high blood pressure, miscarriage or premature birth, and endometrial cancer. Signs and symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome vary. A diagnosis is made when women experience at least two of these signs: Irregular periods.Elevated levels of male [...] (Source: News from Mayo Clinic)
Source: News from Mayo Clinic - May 11, 2021 Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news

Male infertility scoring using AI-assisted image classification requiring no programming
The objective of Dr. Kobayashi, a urologist, was to create an easy-to-use method of pathological examination for the daily clinical practice setting. With it, testis images could be classified at 82.6% accuracy. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Consumer Health: Endometriosis, ovarian cancer and infertility -- what are the connections?
If you've been diagnosed with endometriosis, you may have questions about whether that raises your risk for other conditions, including ovarian cancer and infertility. With endometriosis, tissue similar to the tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus grows outside your uterus. Endometriosis most commonly involves your ovaries, fallopian tubes and the tissue lining [...] (Source: News from Mayo Clinic)
Source: News from Mayo Clinic - May 10, 2021 Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news

UK now pushing pregnant women to take covid vaccines despite miscarriage, infertility risks
(Natural News) Following a recent back-pedal in the risk assessment of experimental mRNA COVID-19 vaccines, pregnant women in the U.K. are now being instructed by the publicly funded BBC that they “should be offered the COVID vaccine.” (Article by David McLoone republished from LifeSiteNews.com) At the end of April, the Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI) updated... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - May 9, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

BOMBSHELL: Gates Foundation, DARPA funding self-replicating, weaponized vaccine technology that began under Apartheid, to exterminate Blacks... and now it's powering the covid vax
(Natural News) Bombshell story synopsis: Research on race-specific, self-replicating (self-spreading), weaponized vaccines was being conducted by doctors and scientists under the Apartheid regime in the 1990s, with the goal of causing self-spreading infertility and deaths among Blacks. This same research continues today, predominantly in the United States, funded by DARPA and the Gates Foundation. The... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - May 5, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Kenya: Kenyan Women Struggle to Overcome Infertility Stigma
[VOA] Fifty-seven-year-old Kenyan Joyce Kago's three marriages ended when she couldn't have children, leaving her alone and struggling to make ends meet. Joyce is one of many childless women in a society where having children is key for acceptance. (Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth)
Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth - May 5, 2021 Category: OBGYN Source Type: news

Nigeria: Experts Task Media On Ending Infertility Stigma
[Daily Trust] The Merck Foundation and fertility experts have enjoined the media to give wider coverage to fertility issues in other to end the stigma associated with them. (Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth)
Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth - May 4, 2021 Category: OBGYN Source Type: news

Africa: Continent Joins Hands to Erase Infertility Stigma
[Zimbabwe Standard] Fertility is prized in African societies and couples without children are made to feel personally inadequate in the context where it is the norm to refer to adults as "mother or father of so-and-so". (Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth)
Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth - May 3, 2021 Category: OBGYN Source Type: news

Nigeria: '18 Years After, Nordica Completes Families With 3,500 Babies'
[This Day] Since 2003 till date, Nordica Fertility Centre has successfully treated infertility in couples, hence producing over 3500 babies, the Managing Director of the organisation, Dr. Abayomi Ajayi has said. (Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth)
Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth - April 29, 2021 Category: OBGYN Source Type: news

Iodine and Fertility: Do We Know Enough? Iodine and Fertility: Do We Know Enough?
This study investigated the impact of iodine deficiency as well as excess on normal reproductive function.Human Reproduction (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - April 28, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Ob/Gyn & Women ' s Health Journal Article Source Type: news

Hysterosalpingo contrast ultrasound shows promise in infertility exams
Hysterosalpingo contrast sonography (HyCoSy) is potentially safer and more efficien...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Fetal cardiovascular MRI helps diagnose congenital heart defects Ultrasound contrast for tubal patency debuts in U.S. Micro-CT visualizes early fetal development Contrast MRI helps radiologists identify ectopic pregnancy 4D ultrasound contrast HSG assesses fallopian tubes (Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines)
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - April 19, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: news

Women and the Covid-19 Vaccine: What You Need to Know
Can it affect mammograms or the timing of fertility treatments? What side effects should you look out for? Experts weigh in. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - April 14, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Christina Caron Tags: Content Type: Service Vaccination and Immunization Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Infertility Mammography Women and Girls Menstruation Source Type: news

Fit-for-Fertility Program Boosts Births, Is Cost-Effective Fit-for-Fertility Program Boosts Births, Is Cost-Effective
A low-intensity lifestyle intervention program improved the livebirth rate at a similar cost to that of in vitro fertilization treatment for women with obesity and infertility.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - April 8, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Ob/Gyn & Women ' s Health News Source Type: news

Namibia: Endometriosis and Infertility
[Namibian] INFERTILITY activist Helena Mootseng wanted to conceive in her mid 20s. (Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth)
Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth - April 7, 2021 Category: OBGYN Source Type: news

Why I Gave My Mosaic Embryo a Chance
‘It was like rolling the dice, except for someone you’ve never met.’ (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - April 6, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jacquelynn Kerubo Tags: In Vitro Fertilization Genetics and Heredity Embryos (Human) Tests (Medical) Disabilities Pregnancy and Childbirth Miscarriages Infertility Reproduction (Biological) Source Type: news

New Treatment May Help Infertility in Menopause
Title: New Treatment May Help Infertility in MenopauseCategory: Health NewsCreated: 4/5/2021 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 4/6/2021 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Menopause General)
Source: MedicineNet Menopause General - April 6, 2021 Category: Primary Care Source Type: news

The Latest Issue in Divorces: Who Gets the Embryos?
Amid the pandemic, I.V.F. rates are on the rise, and so are disputes about what to do with remaining frozen embryos when couples split up. For some, it has gotten messy. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - April 3, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jenny Gross and Maria Cramer Tags: Egg Donation and Freezing In Vitro Fertilization Embryos (Human) Infertility Reproduction (Biological) Artificial Insemination Genetics and Heredity Pregnancy and Childbirth Marriages Source Type: news