Aging of the bony orbit in East Asians: a three-dimensional computed tomographic study
ConclusionsIn this study, there was no significant enlargement of the orbital rim with increasing age in Koreans. The measurement data in the present study differ from previous studies involving White subjects, which revealed a significant increase in orbital aperture area. (Source: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy)
Source: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy - January 20, 2020 Category: Anatomy Source Type: research

Tone Mapping High Dynamic Range Images by Hessian Multiset Canonical Correlations
AbstractTone mapping algorithms reproduce high dynamic range (HDR) images on low dynamic range images in the standard display devices such as LCD, CRT, projectors, and printers. In this paper, we propose a statistical clustering-based tone mapping technique that would be able to adapt the local content of an image as well as its color. At first, the HDR image is partitioned into many overlapped color patches and we disintegrate each color patch into three segments: patch mean, color variation and color structure. Then based on the color structure component, the extracted color patches are clustered into a number of cluster...
Source: Sensing and Imaging - January 20, 2020 Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research

Cognitive dysfunction and subjective symptoms in patients with arachnoid cyst before and after surgery
AbstractIntroductionArachnoid cysts are congenital, benign lesions in the brain and are often incidental radiological findings. Frequently, the arachnoid cysts are left untreated; however, recent studies have shown that arachnoid cysts can cause cognitive dysfunction that affect quality of life. Moreover, the function can improve after surgical decompression. Hence, there is controversy regarding symptomatology and treatment effects of arachnoid cysts. The aim of the study was to analyse if arachnoid cysts can cause cognitive impairment and subjective symptoms and if these impairments are reversible after surgical treatmen...
Source: Acta Neurochirurgica - January 20, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Some characteristics of the heave, pitch and roll vibrations within urban delivery routes
This paper analyses vibration data collected from a number of transport vehicles traveling along typical urban and suburban routes to establish the nature and level of the multi ‐axial vibrations. Results show that the relationships between the moving rms of heave, pitch and roll vibrations are not strongly correlated but can be characterized statistically as joint distributions to enable realistic simulation of multi‐axial random vibrations of road transport vehicles u nder controlled laboratory conditions. Until recently, laboratory testing of packaged systems has been undertaken by simulating vertical vibrations alo...
Source: Packaging Technology and Science - January 20, 2020 Category: Food Science Authors: Vincent Rouillard, Matthew Lamb Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Structural Equation Modeling of the Spirituality and Self-efficacy Among College Students
AbstractThe present research is a descriptive analytical study which is conducted on 540 students. Multistage random sampling method was used. Data gathered by questionnaire consist of demographic factors and spirituality assessment questionnaire and self-efficacy questionnaire. Data were analyzed using statistical tests includingt test, Chi-square, one-way ANOVA and correlation between variables through SPSS16 and EQS6.1 Software. Positive coefficients in regression equations showed positive relationship of spiritual capability (P  
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 20, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Sensors, Vol. 20, Pages 559: Improving Depth Resolution of Ultrasonic Phased Array Imaging to Inspect Aerospace Composite Structures
ourdos Iain Gray In this paper, we present challenges and achievements in development and use of a compact ultrasonic Phased Array (PA) module with signal processing and imaging technology for autonomous non-destructive evaluation of composite aerospace structures. We analyse two different sets of ultrasonic scan data, acquired from 5 MHz and 10 MHz PA transducers. Although higher frequency transducers promise higher axial (depth) resolution in PA imaging, we face several signal processing challenges to detect defects in composite specimens at 10 MHz. One of the challenges is the presence of multiple echoes at the bo...
Source: Sensors - January 20, 2020 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Reza Mohammadkhani Luca Zanotti Fragonara Janardhan Padiyar M. Ivan Petrunin Jo ão Raposo Antonios Tsourdos Iain Gray Tags: Article Source Type: research

Sensors, Vol. 20, Pages 567: Performance Analysis of Distributed Estimation for Data Fusion Using a Statistical Approach in Smart Grid Noisy Wireless Sensor Networks
Leung Internet of Things (IoT) can significantly enhance various aspects of today’s electric power grid infrastructures for making reliable, efficient, and safe next-generation Smart Grids (SGs). However, harsh and complex power grid infrastructures and environments reduce the accuracy of the information propagating through IoT platforms. In particularly, information is corrupted due to the measurement errors, quantization errors, and transmission errors. This leads to major system failures and instabilities in power grids. Redundant information measurements and retransmissions are traditionally used to e...
Source: Sensors - January 20, 2020 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Chatura Seneviratne Patikiri Arachchige Don Shehan Nilmantha Wijesekara Henry Leung Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 662: Spatiotemporal Epidemiology of Varicella in Chongqing, China, 2014 –2018
IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 662: Spatiotemporal Epidemiology of Varicella in Chongqing, China, 2014–2018 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph17020662 Authors: Hua Zhu Han Zhao Rong Ou Qing Zeng Ling Hu Hongfang Qiu Manoj Sharma Mengliang Ye Although immunization against varicella using vaccines has been proven to be significant and effective in the past decades, varicella remains a major public health concern for many developing countries. Varicella vaccination has not been introduced into routine immunization programs in China, and varicella outbreaks...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - January 20, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Hua Zhu Han Zhao Rong Ou Qing Zeng Ling Hu Hongfang Qiu Manoj Sharma Mengliang Ye Tags: Article Source Type: research

Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the Life Interference Questionnaire for Growth Hormone Deficiency (LIQ-GHD) to Assess Growth Hormone Injection Burden in Children and Adults
ConclusionsThe LIQ-GHD is a new COA for the measurement of r-hGH injection treatment burden. This research provides evidence supporting its content validity, hypothesized factor structure, score reliability, and construct validity in pediatric and adult populations. (Source: The Patient - Patient-Centered Outcomes Research)
Source: The Patient - Patient-Centered Outcomes Research - January 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 667: Comprehensive Evaluation System of Occupational Hazard Prevention and Control in Iron and Steel Enterprises Based on A Modified Delphi Technique
Xiujun Zhang The study designs a comprehensive evaluation system for the prevention and control of occupational hazards, calculates its weight coefficient, and provides a potential strategic and effective tool for the scientific evaluation of occupational hazards in the iron and steel enterprises. The system was established through induction and analysis of relevant literature, personal interview, theoretical analysis, Delphi expert consultation, and special group discussions. Using an improved analytical hierarchy process fuzzy comprehensive evaluation model and on the basis of the improved Delphi expert investigat...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - January 20, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yang Song Zhe Chen Shengkui Zhang Jiaojiao Wang Chao Li Xiaoming Li Juxiang Yuan Xiujun Zhang Tags: Article Source Type: research

Genes, Vol. 11, Pages 113: Expression Analysis of XTH in Stem Swelling of Stem Mustard and Selection of Reference Genes
In this study, we report analysis of eight candidate reference genes (ACTIN, UBQ, EF-1α, UBC, IF-4α, TUB, PP2A, and HIS), which were screened from the genome and transcriptome data in Brassica juncea. Four statistical analysis softwares geNorm, NormFinder, BestKeeper, and RefFinder were used to test the reliability and stability of gene expression of the reference genes. To further validate the stability of reference genes, the expression levels of two CYCD3 genes (BjuB045330 and BjuA003219) were studied. In addition, all genes in the xyloglucan endotransglucosylase/hydrolase (XTH) family were i...
Source: Genes - January 20, 2020 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Mengyao Li Fangjie Xie Qi He Jie Li Jiali Liu Bo Sun Ya Luo Yong Zhang Qing Chen Fen Zhang Ronggao Gong Yan Wang Xiaorong Wang Haoru Tang Tags: Article Source Type: research

Leydig-cell tumour of the testis: retrospective analysis of clinical and therapeutic features in 204 cases
ConclusionLCT is rare, with a relative frequency (relative to GCT) of 1:23. Malignancy is found in 2.5%. LCT and GCT share a number of clinical features, e.g. bilaterality, history of undescended testis, and presenting age. TSS is safe in benign LCT. Surgery is the treatment of choice in malignant LCT. (Source: World Journal of Urology)
Source: World Journal of Urology - January 20, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Are Effects of Violence on Life Satisfaction Gendered? A Case Study of Indigenous Australians
AbstractViolence related Australian statistics reveal a higher prevalence of violence among indigenous Australians than non-indigenous Australians. Using the latest National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey (2014/2015) available from the Australian Bureau of Statistics, this study investigates the socio-economic and demographic factors that influence the likelihood of physical violence among indigenous Australians and the effects of physical violence on life satisfaction, with a special focus on gender differences in such effects. The results indicate that while gender is an important determinant of viol...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - January 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Prediction of intra-articular pathology and arthroscopic outcomes for femoroacetabular impingement and labral tear based on the response to preoperative anaesthetic hip joint injections
This study investigated whether the preoperative response to intra-articular injections is associated with intra-articular pathological findings and arthroscopy outcomes.MethodsThis study included 49 patients who underwent arthroscopic hip surgery for femoroacetabular impingement and labral tear after receiving preoperative hip joint injections. The response to anaesthetic injections was categorized as poor (0 –50%) or good (51–100%). With respect to anatomical indices, we evaluated the lateral centre–edge angle (LCEA), acetabular roof obliquity (ARO), vertical-centre-anterior angle (VCA), and the alpha a...
Source: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology - January 20, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Pain level between clear aligners and fixed appliances: a systematic review
ConclusionsBased on a moderate level of certainty, orthodontic patients treated with Invisalign appear to feel lower levels of pain than those treated with fixed appliances during the first few days of treatment. Thereafter (up to 3  months), differences were not noted. Malocclusion complexity level among included studies was mild. Pain is one of many considerations and predictability and technical outcome are more important, mainly considering that the difference does not seem to occur after the first months of the orthodont ic treatment. (Source: Progress in Orthodontics)
Source: Progress in Orthodontics - January 20, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The link between mental health, crime and violence
This study examines the relationship between mental health, violence and crime in a more representative community-based sample. One hundred and twenty-one individuals with and without a mental health disorder reported their involvement in crime and completed an aggression questionnaire. The results revealed that there is no statistically significant difference in terms of violence and crime involvement between individuals with a mental health diagnosis and those without. Moreover, the study did not find any statistically significant associations between specific mental health disorders and specific crime offences. The find...
Source: New Ideas in Psychology - January 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Outcomes of vertebroplasty in osteoporotic vertebral fractures with limited indication
ConclusionsThe use of cement in OVF with relative indication led to the same clinical benefit in our sample as those with standard indication. A higher number of leakages occurred in the relative indication group with no clinical consequences or adjacent fractures.ResumenIntroducciónLa cementación vertebral ha demostrado eficacia en mejorar la calidad de vida y el dolor en fracturas vertebrales osteoporóticas (OVF) sin déficit neurológico no susceptibles de tratamiento conservador. Se aconseja emplearla en fracturas recientes, con aplastamiento 50% y>12 meses de evolución de la ...
Source: Revista Espanola de Cirugia Ortopedica y Traumatologia - January 19, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Dorsal wedge calcaneal osteotomy as surgical treatment for insertional Achilles tendinopathy
Publication date: January–February 2020Source: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología (English Edition), Volume 64, Issue 1Author(s): L. López-Capdevila, A. Santamaria Fumas, A. Dominguez Sevilla, J.M. Rios Ruh, E. Pich Aguilera, N. Boo Gustems, J. Roman Verdasco, J. Gordillo Uribe, M. Sales PerezAbstractObjectiveThe dorsal wedge calcaneal osteotomy aims to reduce the length of the calcaneus and elevate the insertion of the Achilles tendon, leading to a reduction of Achilles tension in its insertion. The purpose of this study is to assess the clinical and functional ...
Source: Revista Espanola de Cirugia Ortopedica y Traumatologia - January 19, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Prognostic factors of good functionality at 12 months of a hip fracture. Maluc Anoia study
The objective of the study is to describe the prognostic factors that would allow maintaining functionality at 12 months.MethodFrom June 1, 2010 to May 31, 2013, all patients older than 69 years with hip fracture due to bone fragility admitted to the Geriatric Acute Unit of our hospital were included. We define as functional maintenance those patients who have lost between 0 and 15 points in the Barthel Index with respect to the previous to the fracture. Prospective study of bivariate data analysis for related and multivariate prognostic factors for predictive predictors.Results271 patients were included, of them, 146 (54....
Source: Revista Espanola de Cirugia Ortopedica y Traumatologia - January 19, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Validation of Risk Prediction Models for Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease in a Prospective Korean Community-Based Cohort.
CONCLUSION: In the KOGES-Ansan and Ansung study, the PCE overestimated ASCVD risk for men and underestimated the risk for women. The PCE-WH and the FRS-CVD provided an accurate prediction of ASCVD in men and women, respectively. PMID: 31950769 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal - January 19, 2020 Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes Metab J Source Type: research

EEG-based classification of natural sounds reveals specialized responses to speech and music
Publication date: Available online 18 January 2020Source: NeuroImageAuthor(s): Nathaniel J. Zuk, Emily S. Teoh, Edmund C. LalorAbstractHumans can easily distinguish many sounds in the environment, but speech and music are uniquely important. Previous studies, mostly using fMRI, have identified separate regions of the brain that respond selectively for speech and music. Yet there is little evidence that brain responses are larger and more temporally precise for human-specific sounds like speech and music compared to other types of sounds, as has been found for responses to species-specific sounds in other animals. We record...
Source: NeuroImage - January 19, 2020 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Reduced hippocampus and amygdala volumes in antisocial personality disorder
Publication date: Available online 19 January 2020Source: Journal of Clinical NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Suheda Kaya, Hanefi Yildirim, Murad AtmacaAbstractIn the present paper, we aimed to investigate hippocampus and amygdala volumes in a group of patients with antisocial personality disorder and hypothesized that hippocampus and amygdala volume alterations would be observed. It was measured hippocampus and amygdala volumes of twenty patients with antisocial personality disorder and those of healthy control subjects. We found that both sides of hippocampus and amygdala volumes of patients with antisocial personality disorder w...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - January 19, 2020 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Occupational Injury and Its Correlated Factors among Small-Scale Industry Workers in Towns of Bale Zone, Southeast Ethiopia.
Conclusion: About one in three occupational injuries occurred among small-scale industry workers. Health and safety training should be provided for every worker in small-scale industries. Supportive supervision focusing awareness creation, economic stability, and health care from health office, social and labor affair office, and other concerned body is highly recommended. District or town health office should address the identified factors to promote the health of the workers. PMID: 31949445 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - January 19, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

A stochastic Fubini theorem for α-stable process
Publication date: Available online 18 January 2020Source: Statistics & Probability LettersAuthor(s): Huiyan Zhao, Siyan XuAbstractIn this paper, we give an elementary proof of a stochastic Fubini theorem, which says that one can interchange a Lebesgue integral and a stochastic integral with respect to an α-stable (1
Source: Statistics and Probability Letters - January 19, 2020 Category: Statistics Source Type: research

Family history and cord blood eosinophil count as predictors for atopic manifestations.
CONCLUSIONS: A positive medical history, especially of mothers and cEo, seem to be predictive in screening for the onset of allergic diseases. PMID: 31951684 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Occupational diseases in the automotive industry from medical and geographic viewpoints - comparison between the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic.
CONCLUSION: Given the results of the study, it can be recommended to focus on the ergonomics of assembly work in the automotive industry. Special attention should be given to the provision of occupational health services, especially in microenterprises. PMID: 31951689 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

In vivo assessment of genotoxicity in buccal cells of children undergoing tooth restoration.
This study was performed to evaluate possible DNA damage to buccal cells exposed to dental materials. METHODS: This prospective, longitudinal clinical study was conducted over a three months period. Class II restorations were placed in 60 young patients with no previous filling using one of three tested dental materials (two glass ionomers; Ketac Molar and Ionofil Molar and one compomer material; Twinky Star). DNA damage was analysed by micronucleus assays, in buccal exfoliated epithelial cells. RESULTS: In patients treated with Ketac Molar, a significant frequency of micronuclei (p = 0.027) and binucleated cells i...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

Body mass index and other risk factors for kidney cancer in men: a cohort study in Lithuania.
Authors: Everatt R, Virvičiūtė D, Tamošiūnas A Abstract OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have observed notable unexplained geographic differences in incidence of kidney cancer in Europe. Lithuania is among the countries with the highest incidence and mortality. Our objective was to investigate the effect of different lifestyle, anthropometric and biological factors on the risk of kidney cancer in Lithuanian men. METHODS: This population-based cohort study included 6,849 men initially free from cancer. During the follow-up (1978-2008), 79 incident cases of kidney cancer were identified. Cox proportional h...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

The effect of socioeconomic deprivation on 12 month Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) outcome.
Authors: Humphries TJ, Ingram S, Sinha S, Lecky F, Dawson J, Singh R Abstract Objectives: To assess the impact of social deprivation on Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) global outcome.Design: The study was a prospective observational study conducted using consecutive admissions with TBI.Subjects: 1322 consecutive adult patients with TBI were recruited into the study between 2010 and 2015.Methods: All patients were assessed by the TBI rehabilitation team at both six weeks and 12 months following TBI. Details of the injury and demographic data was collated at six weeks. This included age, gender and ZIP Code. Social...
Source: Brain Injury - January 19, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Development and evaluation of dapsone tablets coated for specific colon release.
Conclusions: The data indicate that the proportion of polysaccharide for ethyl cellulose in the film and the thickness of the coating are the key parameters in controlling the release of the drug from the system. PMID: 31951762 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy)
Source: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy - January 19, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Dev Ind Pharm Source Type: research

Digital workflow: In vitro accuracy of 3D printed casts generated from complete-arch digital implant scans
Publication date: Available online 17 January 2020Source: The Journal of Prosthetic DentistryAuthor(s): Panos Papaspyridakos, Yo-wei Chen, Bahaa Alshawaf, Kiho Kang, Matthew Finkelman, Vasilios Chronopoulos, Hans-Peter WeberAbstractStatement of problemData on the accuracy of printed casts from complete-arch digital implant scans are lacking.PurposeThe purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the 3D accuracy of printed casts from a complete-arch digital implant intraoral scan with stone casts from conventional impressions.Material and methodsAn edentulous mandibular cast with 4 multiunit abutments with adequate an...
Source: The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry - January 19, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Leadership diversity in prosthodontics: Recommendations for the representation of women speakers at scientific prosthodontic meetings
ConclusionsThe number of women speakers at the scientific meetings of the organizations analyzed was significantly low and has not changed significantly over the years from 2009 to 2018. There were significantly more women speakers at the scientific meetings of the Academy of Prosthodontics than in the 5 other major prosthodontic organizations over the years 2009 to 2018. A recommendation is made that prosthodontic organizations include more women speakers on scientific programs. Specifically, a minimum of 25% of speakers should be women (rolling 3-year average) or 25% of podium time should be for women speakers (rolling 3...
Source: The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry - January 19, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Computed Tomography to Cone Beam Computed Tomography Deformable Image Registration for Contour Propagation Using Head and Neck, Patient-Based Computational Phantoms: A Multicenter Study
ConclusionsThe performance of the systems proved to be image quality specific, depending on the DVF type and only partially on the platforms. All systems proved to be robust against image artifacts and noise, except the demon-based software. (Source: Practical Radiation Oncology)
Source: Practical Radiation Oncology - January 19, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Role of computed tomography in prediction of gastrointestinal fistula in patients with acute pancreatitis.
CONCLUSION: CT is helpful in predicting GIF in patients with AP. PMID: 31950804 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica)
Source: Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica - January 19, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Acta Gastroenterol Belg Source Type: research

Differentiation of fresh and thawed Atlantic salmon using NMR metabolomics
Publication date: Available online 17 January 2020Source: Food ChemistryAuthor(s): Elena Shumilina, Ida Aksland Møller, Alexander DikiyAbstractNMR metabolomics approach was used to distinguish fresh and thawed Atlantic salmon. Statistical analysis revealed significant differences in the concentration of some metabolites in reference and frozen-thawed fish during its storage. It was found that salmon freezing/thawing caused a significant increase in the concentration of fumarate and phenylalanine in stored salmon muscle. The concentration of fumarate increased until the 3rd – 5th day after thawing and then grad...
Source: Food Chemistry - January 19, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

The contribution of DNA databases for stored sexual crimes evidences in the Central of Brazil
Publication date: Available online 17 January 2020Source: Forensic Science International: GeneticsAuthor(s): Carvalho Nígela Rodrigues, Arão Grasielly de Oliveira Lázaro, Lima Yanna Andressa Ramos, Godinho Neide Maria de Oliveira, Mota Mariana Flavia, Gigonzag Thaís Cidália VieiraAbstractAccumulation of sexual assault evidences unsubmitted to forensic DNA testing raises concern and it favors low rates of sexual crimes resolution. However, with the advent of DNA databases, these evidences have provided valuable information for investigations. In Brazil, the use of DNA databases is recent a...
Source: Forensic Science International: Genetics - January 19, 2020 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Dysglycemia risk score in Saudi Arabia: A tool to identify people at high future risk of developing type 2 diabetes
ConclusionSADRISC is a simple tool which can effectively distinguish Saudis at high risk of dysglycemia. (Source: Journal of Diabetes Investigation)
Source: Journal of Diabetes Investigation - January 19, 2020 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Suhad Bahijri, Rajaa Al ‐ Raddadi, Ghada Ajabnoor, Hanan Jambi, Jawaher Al Ahmadi, Anwar Borai, Noël C Barengo, Jaakko Tuomilehto Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

"In-House" Data on the Outside - A Mobile Health Approach.
"In-House" Data on the Outside - A Mobile Health Approach. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2020 Jan 19;: Authors: Huang Q, Crumley T, Walters C, Cluckers L, Heirman I, Railkar R, Bhatia G, Cantor M, Benko C, Izmailova ES, Rottey S, Stoch SA Abstract Mobile health (mHealth) technologies have the potential to capture dense patient data on the background of real-life behavior. Merck & Co., Inc. (Kenilworth, NJ, USA), in collaboration with Koneksa Health, conducted a Phase I clinical trial to validate cardiovascular mHealth technologies for concordance with traditional approaches and to establish sensi...
Source: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics - January 19, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Huang Q, Crumley T, Walters C, Cluckers L, Heirman I, Railkar R, Bhatia G, Cantor M, Benko C, Izmailova ES, Rottey S, Stoch SA Tags: Clin Pharmacol Ther Source Type: research

Statistical Language Learning in Infancy
AbstractResearch suggests that infants use statistical regularities in linguistic input to identify and learn a range of linguistic structures, from the sounds of language (e.g., native ‐language speech sounds, word boundaries in continuous speech) to aspects of grammatical structure (e.g., lexical categories like nouns and verbs, basic aspects of syntax). In this article, I review the literature on statistical language learning in infants and raise questions about why infants ar e sensitive to statistical regularities. In doing so, I consider the relationship among statistical learning, prediction, and reducing uncertai...
Source: Child Development Perspectives - January 19, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Jenny R. Saffran Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 656: Risk Factors of Pneumonia Associated with Mechanical Ventilation
Conclusions: Patients with comorbidities such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, obesity, diabetes, and alcoholism are a high-risk group for VAP. Particular attention should be paid to patients admitted to the ICU with multi-organ trauma, fractures, and hemorrhage/hemorrhagic shock as patients predisposed to VAP. There is a need for further research into risk factors for non-modifiable VAP such as comorbidities and reasons for ICU admission in order to allow closer monitoring of these patients for VAP. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - January 19, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: K ózka Sega Wojnar-Gruszka Tarnawska Gniadek Tags: Article Source Type: research

Cancers, Vol. 12, Pages 246: Does the Site of Origin of the Microcarcinoma with Respect to the Thyroid Surface Matter? A Multicenter Pathologic and Clinical Study for Risk Stratification
The objectives of the study were to: (i) Accurately measure the mPTC distance from the thyroid surface; (ii) analyze whether this distance correlates with relevant clinicopathologic parameters; and (iii) investigate the impact of the site of origin of the mPTC on risk stratification. Clinicopathologic features and BRAF mutational status were analyzed and correlated with the site of origin of the mPTC in a multicenter cohort of 298 mPTCs from six Italian medical institutions. Tumors arise at a median distance of 3.5 mm below the surface of the thyroid gland. Statistical analysis identified four distinct clusters. Group A, m...
Source: Cancers - January 19, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tallini Leo Repaci Biase Reggiani Nanni Ambrosi Gioia Grani Rhoden Solaroli Monari Filetti Durante Tags: Article Source Type: research

Sensors, Vol. 20, Pages 551: Multibaseline Interferometric Phase Denoising Based On Kurtosis In the NSST Domain
Zhang Interferometric phase filtering is a crucial step in multibaseline interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR). Current multibaseline interferometric phase filtering methods mostly follow methods of single-baseline InSAR and do not bring its data superiority into full play. The joint filtering of multibaseline InSAR based on statistics is proposed in this paper. We study and analyze the fourth-order statistical quantity of interferometric phase: kurtosis. An empirical assumption that the kurtosis of interferograms with different baselines keeps constant is proposed and is named as the baseline-invariant prop...
Source: Sensors - January 19, 2020 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Yanfang Liu Shiqiang Li Heng Zhang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 638: Dietary Folate Intake and Folic Acid Supplements among Pregnant Women from Southern Italy: Evidence from the “Mamma & amp; Bambino ” Cohort
IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 638: Dietary Folate Intake and Folic Acid Supplements among Pregnant Women from Southern Italy: Evidence from the “Mamma & Bambino” Cohort International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph17020638 Authors: Martina Barchitta Andrea Maugeri Roberta Magnano San Lio Giuliana Favara Claudia La Mastra Maria Clara La Rosa Antonella Agodi Folate requirement among women who plan to become pregnant should be raised to 600 μg/day during the periconceptional period. To meet this need, several countries began to promote the use...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - January 19, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Martina Barchitta Andrea Maugeri Roberta Magnano San Lio Giuliana Favara Claudia La Mastra Maria Clara La Rosa Antonella Agodi Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 643: The Effect of the Economic Crisis on Adolescents ’ Perceived Health and Risk Behaviors: A Multilevel Analysis
Conclusion: The child’s social context—family, peers, school, and region—play an important role on the effects of the economic crisis on health and risk behaviors. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - January 19, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: N éboa Zozaya Laura Vallejo Tags: Article Source Type: research

Evaluation of Adherence to Antiemetic Treatment Guidelines in Patients With Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting in Teaching Hospitals in Tehran
AbstractThe present study evaluated adherence to antiemetic guidelines for prevention and treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) in four tertiary university teaching hospitals in Tehran. This prospective observational study enrolled 382 adult patients on chemotherapy at oncology centers affiliated to medical universities located in Tehran. Patients were followed up during their chemotherapy cycles. Risk factors related to CINV were evaluated, and information on antiemetic prescribing patterns was gathered using direct interview and patient medical records. Guideline adherence was found to be low; howe...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - January 19, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Efficacy and Safety of Fuzi Formulae on the Treatment of Heart Failure as Complementary Therapy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of High-Quality Randomized Controlled Trials.
Conclusion: The efficacy and additional benefits of FZF for CCEs were certain according to the high-quality evidence assessed through GRADE. However, the efficacy and additional benefits for the other outcomes were uncertain judging from current studies. In addition, the safety assessment has a great room for improvement. Thus, further research studies are needed to find more convincing proofs. PMID: 31949473 [PubMed] (Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine)
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - January 18, 2020 Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research

Detection of the Technical and Tactical Motion of the Scorable Movements in Taekwondo
The objective of the study is to discover and analyze the patterns of the technical and tactical moves that score in combat in taekwondo. We analyzed 209 moves that could be scored (male category,
Source: Physiology and Behavior - January 18, 2020 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Treatment and its side effects in ANCA-associated vasculitides – Study based on POLVAS registry data
ConclusionsPolish patients with AAV were predominantly treated according to appropriate guidelines. The most frequent adverse events were typical for usually administered immunosuppressive treatment. (Source: Advances in Medical Sciences)
Source: Advances in Medical Sciences - January 18, 2020 Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research

Standard Gibbs energy of metabolic reactions: V. enolase reaction
Publication date: Available online 18 January 2020Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Proteins and ProteomicsAuthor(s): Thorsten Greinert, Kristina Vogel, Astrid-Ina Seifert, Riko Siewert, Irina V. Andreeva, Sergey P. Verevkin, Thomas Maskow, Gabriele Sadowski, Christoph HeldAbstractThe glycolytic pathway is one of the most important pathways for living organisms, due to its role in energy production and as supplier of precursors for biosynthesis in living cells. This work focuses on determination of the standard Gibbs energy of reaction ΔRg′0 of the enolase reaction, the ninth reaction in the glycoly...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Proteins and Proteomics - January 18, 2020 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

Application of statistical analyses for Lapis Lazuli stone provenance determination by XRL and XRF
Publication date: Available online 18 January 2020Source: Microchemical JournalAuthor(s): Miriam Saleh, Letizia Bonizzoni, Jacopo Orsilli, Sabrina Samela, Marco Gargano, Salvatore Gallo, Anna GalliAbstractLapis Lazuli use stretches back more than 6,500 years; ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, China, Greece, and Rome treasured and prized it. Afghanistan has been the oldest source for this stone, while Chile, Canada, Russia and a few other countries have been reported as sources for raw material in more recent times; the rarity of historical mines surely represents a positive aspect for the provenance clue of arte...
Source: Microchemical Journal - January 18, 2020 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research