A randomized study to evaluate post-dural puncture headache after cesarean section: Comparison with median and paramedian approaches
Conclusions: Spinal anesthesia with a median or paramedian approach at cesarean section has no effect on the incidence of PDPH, but we believe that there has been a need for further studies with larger or different patient populations. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - November 13, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: MS Uluer M Sargin F Akin E Uluer O Sahin Source Type: research

Comparative evaluation of combined remineralization agents on demineralized tooth surface
Conclusions: Remineralization was provided in all treated groups, according to the data obtained from all tests. NovaMin was more effective in increasing acid resistance. It was also found that all three experimental groups were effective in increasing the surface hardness, but CPP-ACPF and NovaMin are more effective than Xylitol. However, there was no statistically significant difference between the experimental groups. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - November 13, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: A Aras S Celenk MS Dogan E Bardakci Source Type: research

Post-orthodontic cephalometric variations in bimaxillary protrusion cases managed by premolar extraction & #8211; A retrospective study
Conclusion: A statistically significant increase in the nasolabial angle and upper lip length was found in relation to upper and lower incisor retraction and retroclination. A significant reduction was also evident in the post treatment upper incisor exposure, facial convexity angle and mentolabial sulcus depth. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - November 13, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: ND Alqahtani R Alshammari K Almoammar N Almosa A Almahdy SF Albarakati Source Type: research

Evaluation of shear bond strength of zirconia-based monolithic CAD-CAM materials to resin cement after different surface treatments
Conclusions: Monolithic zirconia blocks showed higher bond strength values compared to Y-TZP zirconia block in sandblasting and CoJet groups. HF acid etching is more effective than sandblasting and CoJet for Vita Suprinity. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - November 13, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: B Altan S Cinar B Tuncelli Source Type: research

Effect of premature ejaculation on depression and sexual functions in female partners: A report from Eastern Turkey
Conclusions: PE can cause psychological problems in both males and females. However, reflection of this pathology can vary from one society to another. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - November 13, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: A Karakeci S Korkmaz O Karakoc AA U Karakoc F Firdolas N Pirincci Source Type: research

Comparison of two multifraction radiotherapy schedules in management of painful bone metastases: A single institution prospective study
Conclusion: A shorter treatment schedule (5 fractions) was equally efficacious as the standard schedule (10 fractions) in our setting. With the advantage of shorter overall treatment time and avoidance of re-irradiation, this schedule may be favourable for high volume centres. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - November 13, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: R Jamre H Ghori O Singh V Tiwari A Shrivastava Source Type: research

Novel associations between blood metabolites and kidney function among Bogalusa Heart Study and Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis participants
ConclusionThe 51 novel metabolites identified may serve as early, clinically relevant, kidney function biomarkers. (Source: Metabolomics)
Source: Metabolomics - November 13, 2019 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Molecules, Vol. 24, Pages 4091: Raman Spectroscopy and Chemometric Modeling to Predict Physical-Chemical Honey Properties from Campeche, Mexico
o O. May Tzuc A. Bassam In this work, 10 chemometric models based on Raman spectroscopy were constructed to predict the physicochemical properties of honey produced in the state of Campeche, Mexico. The properties of honey studied were pH, moisture, total soluble solids (TSS), free acidity, lactonic acidity, total acidity, electrical conductivity, Redox potential, hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), and ash content. These proprieties were obtained according to the methods described by the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Codex Alimentarius, and the International Honey Commission. For the construction of the ch...
Source: Molecules - November 13, 2019 Category: Chemistry Authors: F. Anguebes-Franseschi M. Abatal Lucio Pat A. Flores A. V. C órdova Quiroz M. A. Ram írez-Elias L. San Pedro O. May Tzuc A. Bassam Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4456: The Development of Glaucoma after Surgery-Indicated Chronic Rhinosinusitis: A Population-Based Cohort Study
In conclusion, the existence of surgery-indicated CRS is a significant risk factor for the development of glaucoma, which correlated with the disease interval. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - November 13, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Siu-Fung Chau Pei-Hsuan Wu Chi-Chin Sun Jing-Yang Huang Chan-Wei Nien Shun-Fa Yang Ming-Chih Chou Pei-Ting Lu Hung-Chi Chen Chia-Yi Lee Tags: Article Source Type: research

Predicting the Probability that a Chemical Causes Steatosis Using Adverse Outcome Pathway Bayesian Networks (AOPBNs)
AbstractAdverse outcome pathway Bayesian networks (AOPBNs) are a promising avenue for developing predictive toxicology and risk assessment tools based on adverse outcome pathways (AOPs). Here, we describe a process for developing AOPBNs. AOPBNs use causal networks and Bayesian statistics to integrate evidence across key events. In this article, we use our AOPBN to predict the occurrence of steatosis under different chemical exposures. Since it is an expert ‐driven model, we use external data (i.e., data not used for modeling) from the literature to validate predictions of the AOPBN model. The AOPBN accurately predicts st...
Source: Risk Analysis - November 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lyle D. Burgoon, Michelle Angrish, Natalia Garcia ‐Reyero, Nathan Pollesch, Anze Zupanic, Edward Perkins Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Epidemiology of gastric cancer in Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis protocol
DiscussionThis review will provide relevant data on the current burden of gastric cancer in Africa.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42019130348. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - November 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Habitat Loss Does Not Always Entail Negative Genetic Consequences
Although habitat loss has large, consistently negative effects on biodiversity, its genetic consequences are not yet fully understood. This is because measuring the genetic consequences of habitat loss requires accounting for major methodological limitations like the confounding effect of habitat fragmentation, historical processes underpinning genetic differentiation, time-lags between the onset of disturbances and genetic outcomes, and the need for large numbers of samples, genetic markers, and replicated landscapes to ensure sufficient statistical power. In this paper we overcame all these challenges to assess the genet...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - November 13, 2019 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

Interdigital Hyperplasia in Holstein Cattle Is Associated With a Missense Mutation in the Signal Peptide Region of the Tyrosine-Protein Kinase Transmembrane Receptor Gene
Bovine interdigital hyperplasia (IH) is a typical disease of the foot with varying prevalence depending on age, breed, and environmental factors resulting in different degrees of lameness. In studies based on assessments of claw health status at time of hoof trimming and applying genetic-statistical models to analyze this data, IH consistently exhibits high estimates of heritability in the range of 0.30–0.40. Although some studies have identified chromosomal regions that could possibly harbor causative genes, a clear identification of molecular causes for IH is lacking. While analyzing the large database of claw heal...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - November 13, 2019 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

Segment-specific progression of carotid artery atherosclerosis: a magnetic resonance vessel wall imaging study
ConclusionPlaques located above the bifurcation of carotid arteries had greater annual progression and correlated with more cardiovascular risk factors compared with those located below the bifurcation. (Source: Neuroradiology)
Source: Neuroradiology - November 13, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Clinical Characteristics and Risk Factors for the Recurrence of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) manifests itself as a paroxysm of vertigo and nystagmus lasting several seconds, which is self-limiting. The clinical characteristics and risk factors for the recurrence of BPPV in different ages have not yet been investigated.Materials and Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted in the Department of Neurology in Beijing Tiantan Hospital from July 2009 to June 2015. The study included 1,012 patients aged 18–93 years. All patients received the definitive diagnosis and canalith repositioning maneuvers treatment and finally accomplished follow-up. Demographi...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - November 13, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Association between gut microbiota composition and glycoalbumin level during pregnancy in Japanese women: Pilot study from Chiba Study of Mother and Child Health
ConclusionsWe concluded that Japanese women did not exhibit obvious differences in gut microbiota during pregnancy, except for TM7, and that the diversity of gut microbiota may affect maternal metabolism. As this study had limited statistical power, further large ‐scale studies are needed. (Source: Journal of Diabetes Investigation)
Source: Journal of Diabetes Investigation - November 13, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Kenichi Sakurai, Tamotsu Kato, Hiromi Tanabe, Naoko Taguchi ‐Atarashi, Yumi Sato, Akifumi Eguchi, Masahiro Watanabe, Hiroshi Ohno, Chisato Mori Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Beliefs about medicines in pregnancy: a survey using the beliefs about medicines questionnaire in Indonesia
Conclusion Medication beliefs of pregnant women regarding their concerns and the necessity of medication taken in different trimesters of pregnancy were varied. The results of this study highlight the difference in medication beliefs during trimesters in pregnancy. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - November 13, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

The utility of ground-glass attenuation score for anticancer treatment-related acute exacerbation of interstitial lung disease among lung cancer patients with interstitial lung disease
AbstractBackgroundAcute exacerbation (AE) of interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a fatal adverse event in the treatment of lung cancer patients with ILD. The value of pre-treatment radiological findings obtained by high-resolution computed tomography for the detection of anticancer treatment-related AE of ILD has not been established.MethodsTwo medical record-based retrospective studies were performed. The chemotherapy cohort included 105 lung cancer patients with ILD who received chemotherapy at Tokyo Medical and Dental University between October 2008 and December 2017. The immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) cohort included...
Source: International Journal of Clinical Oncology - November 13, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Are Relational Inferences from Crowdsourced and Opt-in Samples Generalizable? Comparing Criminal Justice Attitudes in the GSS and Five Online Samples
ConclusionsOnline non-probability samples appear useful for estimating the direction but not the magnitude of relationships between variables, at least absent effective model-based adjustments. However, adjusting only for demographics, either through weighting or statistical control, is insufficient. We recommend that researchers conduct both a provisional generalizability check and a model-specification test before using these samples to make relational inferences. (Source: Journal of Quantitative Criminology)
Source: Journal of Quantitative Criminology - November 13, 2019 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Disability in Daily Living Activities, Family Dysfunction, and Late-Life Suicide in Rural China: A Case –Control Psychological Autopsy Study
Conclusions: Disability in daily living activities and family dysfunction are associated with elevated risk of late-life suicide in rural China. It is warranted to design programs, including family interventions, peer-support groups, and community programs, to help the rural elderly improve activities of daily living and obtain the social support they need to prevent suicidal behaviors. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - November 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Moderate-Intensity Aerobic Exercise Restores Appetite and Prefrontal Brain Activity to Images of Food Among Persons Dependent on Methamphetamine: A Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Study
This study used functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to measure the effects of moderate- and high-intensity short-term aerobic exercise on prefrontal activity related to food images and recorded the subjective feelings of appetite in methamphetamine-dependent users. In total, 56 men who met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fifth Edition) criteria for methamphetamine dependence, with a mean (SD) body mass index of 24.7 (3.5) kg/m2 and age of 30.2 (5.1) years, were randomly assigned to one of two exercise groups: moderate intensity (n = 28; 65%–75% of maximum heart rate) and high inte...
Source: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience - November 13, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Sensors, Vol. 19, Pages 4935: SNAPS: Sensor Analytics Point Solutions for Detection and Decision Support Systems
Evangelyn C. Alocilja In this review, we discuss the role of sensor analytics point solutions (SNAPS), a reduced complexity machine-assisted decision support tool. We summarize the approaches used for mobile phone-based chemical/biological sensors, including general hardware and software requirements for signal transduction and acquisition. We introduce SNAPS, part of a platform approach to converge sensor data and analytics. The platform is designed to consist of a portfolio of modular tools which may lend itself to dynamic composability by enabling context-specific selection of relevant units, resulting in case-based...
Source: Sensors - November 13, 2019 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Eric S. McLamore Shoumen Palit Austin Datta Victoria Morgan Nicholas Cavallaro Greg Kiker Daniel M. Jenkins Yue Rong Carmen Gomes Jonathan Claussen Diana Vanegas Evangelyn C. Alocilja Tags: Review Source Type: research

Rezoning Free Muscle-Sparing Transverse Rectus Abdominis Myocutaneous Flaps Based on Perforasome Groupings and a New Understanding of the Vascular Architecture of the Deep Inferior Epigastric Artery–Based Flaps
Conclusions Two dominant perforators are preferable in DIEP flap breast reconstruction. Lateral perforators play a more important role in flap perfusion than do medial ones. Crossover anastomosis is an effective technology for increasing arterial perfusion areas. Our rezoning shows which areas are better for surgery and which have a high risk of complications—valuable information for a surgeon designing a flap for breast reconstruction. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - November 12, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

The Flower Petal Training System in Microsurgery: Validation of a Training Model Using a Randomized Controlled Trial
Conclusions The flower petal technique, despite being a low-fidelity model, shows superiority in developing fine tissue feeling and improved knot tying in microsurgery beginners and intermediate level practitioners adding this training model to their program. Further research needs to establish if the improvements also apply to already seasoned microsurgeons and whether the petal score has predictive value for future clinical application. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - November 12, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research

Combined General and Epidural Anesthesia is Associated With Decreased Opioid Consumption and Enhanced Pain Control After Penile Inversion Vaginoplasty in Transwomen
This study compares the postoperative pain and opioid use in patients managed for surgery with general anesthesia (GA) with patients who were given combined epidural and general anesthesia (E/GA) with continuing postoperative epidural analgesia. Methods All patients who underwent penile inversion vaginoplasty between May of 2016 and May of 2018 under the care of single surgeon were identified retrospectively, 18 patients of which met the inclusion criteria. A retrospective chart review was conducted. Outcome measures were postoperative pain using visual analog scale, type and dosage of postoperatively administered intra...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - November 12, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive Surgery Source Type: research

Unilateral Cleft Lip Repair: A Quantitative Scale Assessment of Postoperative Lip and Nose Scars Across 2 Operative Techniques
Conclusions Using 3 validated scar assessment scales, no significant difference was found between the extended Mohler and Millard techniques in terms of lip or nose scars. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - November 12, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Head and Neck Surgery Source Type: research

Significance of the Marginal Mandibular Branch in Relation to Facial Palsy Reconstruction: Assessment of Microanatomy and Macroanatomy Including Axonal Load in 96 Facial Halves
Background The marginal mandibular branch (MMB) of the facial nerve provides lower lip symmetry apparent during human smile or crying and is mandatory for vocal phonation. In treating facial palsy patients, so far, little attention is directed at the MMB in facial reanimation surgery. However, isolated paralysis may occur congenital, in Bell's palsy or iatrogenic during surgery, prone to its anatomical course. A variety of therapies address symmetry with either weakening of the functional side or reconstruction of the paralyzed side. To further clarify the histoanatomic basis of facial reanimation procedures using nerve ...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - November 12, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Peripheral Nerve Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Comparison of the effects of two different teaching methods in blood pressure measurement training: a randomized controlled study
Objective: To compare the effects of a high-fidelity simulator and conventional teaching model used during blood pressure measurement training on students’ self-confidence, self-efficacy and anxiety levels. Methods: A randomized controlled trial design was used. The study was conducted on 59 first-year nursing students of a university in Amasya, Turkey. ‘Self-Confidence Scale,’ ‘general Self-Efficacy Scale’ and ‘Beck Anxiety Scale’ were used to collect the data. A high-fidelity simulator used in blood pressure measurement training was applied to the experimental group, while t...
Source: Blood Pressure Monitoring - November 12, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Clinical Methods and Pathophysiology Source Type: research

Ballistic performance and statistical evaluation of multilayered armor with epoxy-fique fabric composites using the Weibull analysis
Publication date: Available online 11 November 2019Source: Journal of Materials Research and TechnologyAuthor(s): Michelle Souza Oliveira, Fabio da Costa Garcia Filho, Artur Camposo Pereira, Larissa Fernandes Nunes, Fernanda Santos da Luz, Fábio de Oliveira Braga, Henry Alonso Colorado, Sergio Neves MonteiroAbstractThe ballistic performance of multilayered armor system (MAS) with front ceramic tile, followed by a laminate of up to 50 vol.% of fique fabric-reinforced epoxy matrix and back by a 5062H34 aluminum alloy was evaluated. The backface signature (BFS) caused by the bullet in a block of clay witness behin...
Source: Journal of Materials Research and Technology - November 12, 2019 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

Context-dependent minimisation of prediction errors involves temporal-frontal activation
We presented participants with repetition of two non-predicted probes embedded in context of high and low precision, namely mispredicted and unpredicted probes. Non-parametric permutation statistics showed that the minimisation of precision-weighted prediction errors started to dissociate on early components of the auditory responses (including the P1m and N1m), indicating that the brain can differentiate between these scenarios at an early stage of the auditory processing stream. Permutation statistics conducted on the depth-weighted statistical parametric maps (dSPM) source solutions of the repetition difference waves be...
Source: NeuroImage - November 12, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

[Comparison of Tuberculin Skin Test (TST) and T-SPOT.TB Tests for Diagnosis of Latent Tuberculosis Infection (LTBI) in HIV-infected Patients].
In conclusion, T-SPOT.TB was found more reliable in the diagnosis of LTBI in HIV-infected individuals. In the light of these findings, especially in HIV-infected patients with low CD4+ T lymphocyte counts, T-SPOT.TB test can be considered for LTBI diagnosis. PMID: 31709936 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni)
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - November 12, 2019 Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research

[Evaluation of Enzyme Immunoassay (EIA), Immunoblot and HIV RNA Polymerase Chain Reaction Test Results in the Diagnosis of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection].
Authors: Sarınoğlu RC, Sağlık İ, Mutlu D, Öngüt G, İnan D, Çolak D Abstract Acquired Immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is an important global public health issue. Increasing HIV/AIDS cases reported each year has become a serious health problem for our country. The fourth generation enzyme immunoassay (EIA) test is the first step in the laboratory diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. When the EIA test is repeatedly reactive, antibody-based tests such as immuno blot (IB), line immunoassay (LIA), HIV 1-2 antibody differentiation immunoassay, and HIV RNA tests for the early p...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - November 12, 2019 Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research

Comprehensive Study of Surgical Treated Lung Adenocarcinoma with Ground Glass Nodule Component.
Authors: Xu Y, Zheng M, Wang N, Wang R Abstract BACKGROUND More and more patients with lung adenocarcinoma were detected with ground glass nodule (GGN) due to the popularity of low-dose spiral computed tomography (LDCT) recently. The clinicopathological characteristics and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation features were unclear. MATERIAL AND METHODS This retrospective study enrolled patients with surgical resected primary lung adenocarcinomas with GGN component. The clinicopathological data included age, gender, smoking history, tumor staging, lymph node staging, surgical methods, subtypes, thyroid t...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - November 12, 2019 Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research

Development of an intelligent surgical knife rapid evaporative ionization mass spectrometry based method for real-time differentiation of cod from oilfish
This study filled the application niche of REIMS in cod authenticity and paved the way for the administration of food security and quality for related functional departments and bureaus.Graphical Abstract (Source: Journal of Food Composition and Analysis)
Source: Journal of Food Composition and Analysis - November 12, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Analysis of drug resistance of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae in children with urinary tract infection.
CONCLUSION: In southern China, the proportion of ESBL-producing strains and the drug resistance rates of E. coli and K. pneumoniae in UTI in children was high, but their resistance rates to carbapenems and β-lactamase inhibitor complexes containing tazobactam were low. Carbapenems are the most effective antibacterial drugs for the treatment of ESBL-producing bacteria. PMID: 31707407 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Medical Journal)
Source: Saudi Medical Journal - November 12, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Saudi Med J Source Type: research

Study of low vitamin D among children with anorexia in Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan region, Iraq during summer months.
Conclusion: This study displayed a noteworthy relationship between vitamin D deficiency and anorexia with mild malnutrition in young children. PMID: 31707410 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Medical Journal)
Source: Saudi Medical Journal - November 12, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Saudi Med J Source Type: research

Are proton pump inhibitors among the risk factors for acute coronary syndrome? A multi-centric case-control study between patients attending governmental hospitals in western Saudi Arabia.
CONCLUSIONS: There was no association between PPIs and the occurrence of a first non-fatal ACS event. Smoking, increased weight, and dyslipidemia are considered predictors of ACS. Furthermore, ACS is associated with self-reported diabetes, hypertension, and physical activity. PMID: 31707405 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Medical Journal)
Source: Saudi Medical Journal - November 12, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Saudi Med J Source Type: research

On the rate of convergence in the central limit theorem for arrays of random vectors
Publication date: Available online 11 November 2019Source: Statistics & Probability LettersAuthor(s): Le Van Dung, Ta Cong SonAbstractLet {Xn,i;1≤i≤kn,n≥1} be an array of martingale difference random vectors and {kn;n≥1} a sequence of positive integers such that kn→∞ as n→∞. The aim of this paper is to establish the rate of convergence for the central limit theorem for the sum Sn=Xn,1+Xn,1+...+Xn,kn. We also show that for stationary sequences of martingale difference random vectors, under condition E(‖X1‖2+2δ)1. (Source: Statistics and Probability Letters)
Source: Statistics and Probability Letters - November 12, 2019 Category: Statistics Source Type: research

A decision support system for automatic sleep staging from HRV using wavelet packet decomposition and energy features
Publication date: February 2020Source: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control, Volume 56Author(s): Du-Yan Geng, Jie Zhao, Chen-Xu Wang, Qi NingAbstractHeart rate variability (HRV) can reflect the relationship between heart rhythm and sleep structure. In order to achieve long-term effective monitoring of sleep and to solve the generalization problem of sleep staging algorithms, HRV signals were used to identify the wake, non-rapid eye movement (NREM) and rapid eye movement (REM) stages of two databases with 11,597 epoches of 16 subjects (8 healthy subjects and 8 sleep disorder). Features were extracted from HRV using thre...
Source: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control - November 12, 2019 Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research

Assessing the progression of gastric cancer via profiling of histamine, histidine, and bile acids in gastric juice using LC-MS/MS
Publication date: Available online 12 November 2019Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyAuthor(s): Wonwoong Lee, Jinhee Um, Boram Hwang, Yong Chan Lee, Bong Chul Chung, Jongki HongAbstractBile acid (BA) imbalance may be directly associated with gastric cancer and indirectly influence stomach carcinogenesis via overexpression of histidine decarboxylase (HDC), which converts histidine (His) into histamine (HIST). Moreover, the progression of gastric cancer, could change the gut microbiome, including bacteria spp. that produce secondary BAs. Gastric juice has various metabolites that could indicate...
Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology - November 12, 2019 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

ADSORPTION OF A NON-STEROIDAL ANTI-INFLAMMATORY DRUG ONTO MgAl/LDH-ACTIVATED CARBON COMPOSITE - EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION AND STATISTICAL PHYSICS MODELING
Publication date: Available online 11 November 2019Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering AspectsAuthor(s): Pollyanna Vanessa Santos Lins, Daniely Carlos Henrique, Alessandra Honjo Ide, José Leandro da Silva Duarte, Guilherme Luiz Dotto, Amira Yazidi, Lotfi Sellaoui, Alessandro Erto, Carmem Lucia de Paiva e Silva Zanta, Lucas MeiliAbstractA Layered Double Hydroxides (LDH) with Mg and Al composite (MgAl/LDH-biochar) was synthesised by the co-precipitation method, using bovine bone activated carbon as support structure for the LDH particles. The adsorbent was applied for diclofenac sodium (DS...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects - November 12, 2019 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Randomized Trial of Near-infrared Incisionless Fluorescent Cholangiography
Conclusions: In a randomized controlled trial, NIFC was statistically superior to WL alone visualizing extrahepatic biliary structures during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Registration number: NCT02702843 (Source: Annals of Surgery)
Source: Annals of Surgery - November 12, 2019 Category: Surgery Tags: RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIALS Source Type: research

A Statistical Model-driven Surgical Case Scheduling System Improves Multiple Measures of Operative Suite Efficiency: Findings From a Single-center, Randomized Controlled Trial
Conclusions: Compared to the HM scheduling approach, the proposed data-driven RM scheduling methodology improves multiple measures of OS efficiency and OS personnel satisfaction without adversely affecting clinical outcomes. (Source: Annals of Surgery)
Source: Annals of Surgery - November 12, 2019 Category: Surgery Tags: RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIALS Source Type: research

Long-term Survival in Esophageal Cancer After Minimally Invasive Compared to Open Esophagectomy: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Conclusions: The long-term survival after MIE compares well with OE and may even be better. Thus, MIE can be recommended as a standard surgical approach for esophageal cancer. (Source: Annals of Surgery)
Source: Annals of Surgery - November 12, 2019 Category: Surgery Tags: META-ANALYSES Source Type: research

Texture parameters of R2* maps are correlated with iron concentration and red blood cells count in clot analogs: a 7T micro-MRI study
Publication date: Available online 11 November 2019Source: Journal of NeuroradiologyAuthor(s): Martin Bretzner, Renaud Lopes, Ray McCarthy, Delphine Corseaux, Florent Auger, Gillian Gunning, Nicolas Beauval, Antonino Bongiovanni, Meryem Tardivel, Charlotte Cordonnier, Jean-Pierre Pruvo, Sophie Susen, Xavier Leclerc, Grégory KuchcinskiAbstractBackground and purpose: Previous studies have suggested that mechanical revascularization in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients could be affected by clot histology. In this 7T micro-MRI study, we used R2* relaxometry of clot analogs to evaluate the relationship between texture...
Source: Journal of Neuroradiology - November 12, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Increasing Incidence of Pediatric Eosinophilic Esophagitis in the Southwest of Madrid, Spain.
ute;n Riechmann E Abstract OBJECTIVES: The incidence of eosinophilic esophagitis is unknown in our area. The aim of our study was to determine the incidence of eosinophilic esophagitis and its possible association with the most frequent absolute annual pollen counts. METHODS: A descriptive retrospective multicenter observational study was designed to calculate the incidence of eosinophilic esophagitis in children aged under 15 years in the southwest region of Madrid, Spain in 2002-2013 (data were provided by the Statistics Institute of Madrid). We collected data on age, sex, clinical presentation, and date of...
Source: Journal of Investigational Allergology and Clinical Immunology - November 12, 2019 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: La Orden Izquierdo E, Gutiérrez Junquera C, Mahillo-Fernández I, Subiza Garrido-Lestache J, Román Riechmann E Tags: J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol Source Type: research

Inflammatory Potential of Diet and the Risk of Prostate Cancer: A Casecontrol Study in the West of Iran
Conclusion: These findings suggest that a pro-inflammatory diet is a risk factor for prostate cancer and also can have the impact on body composition. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - November 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

New Derivatization Methodology of 4-aminobenzoic Acid from its Dietary Supplements: Kinetic Spectrophotometric Methods for Determination
Conclusion: For the first time, para-aminobenzoic acid was well determined by incorporating it as an organic solid compound, 4(4-Benzophenylazo)pyrogallol, through coupling pyrogallol with diazotized para-aminobenzoic acid in regulated pH medium, ranging between 5.0 to 6.0. The existence of common excipients in the dietary supplement did not produce any significant interference. F- and ttest data analysis were used for statistical comparison of the suggested techniques with that of reference method, demonstrating excellent agreement with no significant difference in the associated precision and accuracy. (Source: Current N...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - November 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Antifungal Activity of Essential Oil and Hydrosol Extract of Ballota nigra L. and their Protective Effects Against the Black Rot of Tomatoes
Conclusion: The essential oil and hydrosol extract can be used as a potential source of sustainable eco-friendly botanical fungicides to protect stored tomatoes from pathogens, saprophytic fungi causing bio-deterioration to a variety of food commodities. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - November 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Tocilizumab Effects on Coagulation Factor XIII in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis
AbstractIntroductionRheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic auto-immune disease associated with a prothrombotic state. Tocilizumab, an interleukin-6 receptor inhibitor, is highly effective in controlling disease activity and thrombotic risk. Factor XIII (FXIII), involved in thrombotic complications, has been reported to be reduced in RA patients during maintenance treatment with tocilizumab, but no data are available before and after the drug administration. Thus, we investigated the effects of tocilizumab on FXIII, thrombin generation and inflammation in patients with RA na ïve for the drug.MethodsWe studied ...
Source: Advances in Therapy - November 12, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research