Log in to search using one of your social media accounts:

 

A retrospective cohort study of the health of children prenatally exposed to methadone, buprenorphine or naltrexone compared with non-exposed control children.
CONCLUSIONS: The study provides evidence to suggest a disparity in the health of children exposed to opioid pharmacotherapies in utero compared with non-exposed control children. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Exposure to opioid pharmacotherapies in utero may influence the health of children beyond the neonatal period. (Am J Addict 2017;XX:1-7). PMID: 29143398 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - November 16, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Kelty E, Hulse G Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Buprenorphine-naloxone treatment responses differ between young adults with heroin and prescription opioid use disorders.
CONCLUSIONS: Treatment response to 16-4 mg/day of buprenorphine-naloxone was significantly diminished for heroin users relative to opioid prescription users in weekly opioid use. Heroin users also had persistent depressive symptoms suggesting the need for close monitoring. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: These data suggest that young heroin users might require higher doses of buprenorphine. (Am J Addict 2017;XX:1-7). PMID: 29143399 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - November 16, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Romero-Gonzalez M, Shahanaghi A, DiGirolamo GJ, Gonzalez G Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Assessment of risk behaviors in patients with opioid prescriptions: A study of indiana's inspect data.
CONCLUSIONS AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: About one-fourth of all patients consuming opioids engaged in one or more risk behaviors; higher number of opioid prescriptions and addition of even a small number of benzodiazepine prescriptions dramatically increased these odds. PDMPs can be helpful in identifying opioid users at high-risk for misuse. This information could be used to target efforts to reduce the prescription drug epidemic. (Am J Addict 2017;XX:1-8). PMID: 29143401 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - November 16, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Greene MS, Chambers RA, Yiannoutsos CT, Wright ER, Steele GK, Zollinger TW Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

The impact of mental health comorbidities on adherence to buprenorphine: A claims based analysis.
CONCLUSIONS AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: The presence of a psychiatric comorbidity can significantly affect adherence to buprenorphine. These trends illustrate the need for clinicians treating opioid use disorder with buprenorphine to screen for psychiatric disorders and monitor their medication adherence. There may also be opportunities to design interventions to help this vulnerable population adhere to buprenorphine and other forms of opioid pharmacotherapy. (Am J Addict 2017;XX:1-5). PMID: 29143483 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - November 16, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Litz M, Leslie D Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Either at left or right, both high and low frequency rTMS of dorsolateral prefrontal cortex decreases cue induced craving for methamphetamine.
CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, bilateral frontal hemispheres are effective in modulating the cue induced craving to methamphetamine with rTMS. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: TMS targeting prefrontal cortex is effective for craving modulation; however the mechanism is more than potentiation or depression of single brain region. (Am J Addict 2017;XX:1-4). PMID: 29134789 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - November 14, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Liu Q, Shen Y, Cao X, Li Y, Chen Y, Yang W, Yuan TF Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Marijuana use and associated motives in Colorado university students.
CONCLUSIONS AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Prevalence rates of marijuana use were high in this sample of college students in a state with legal recreational marijuana use. Particular students (eg, students who use marijuana to cope) may be at higher risk for problem marijuana use. Developing effective, tailored interventions for university students is warranted. (Am J Addict 2017;XX:1-8). PMID: 29125218 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - November 10, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Phillips KT, Lalonde TL, Phillips MM, Schneider MM Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Moderators of response to sertraline versus placebo among recently abstinent, cocaine dependent patients: A retrospective analysis of two clinical trials.
CONCLUSIONS: Women or those with more severe cocaine use or depressive symptoms may have fewer cocaine relapses regardless of medication treatment. SRT at 200 mg reduced cocaine relapse more than placebo, especially in older participants or in those with comorbid ADDx. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: SRT may be efficacious to support relapse prevention among cocaine-dependent patients in the context of brief residential followed by outpatient treatment, especially in older participants or those with comorbid alcohol/cocaine dependence. (Am J Addict 2017;XX:1-8). PMID: 29115703 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] ...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - November 8, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Bashiri M, Mancino MJ, Stanick VA, Thostenson J, Kosten TR, Oliveto AH Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Reports of adverse health effects related to synthetic cannabinoid use in New York State.
CONCLUSIONS: The 2015 outbreak was associated with more severe SC-related illnesses than in 2011-2012. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: New SC compounds may pose a different or more severe risk than those previously identified. (Am J Addict 2017;XX:1-4). PMID: 29105968 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - November 6, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Papadopoulos EA, Cummings KR, Marraffa JM, Aldous KM, Li L, Ahmad N Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Marijuana commercialization and adolescent substance treatment outcomes in Colorado.
CONCLUSIONS AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Based on these data, substance treatment outcomes from MI and CBT are mixed, but overall treatment appears to remain effective in a state with legalized marijuana. (Am J Addict 2017;XX:1-5). PMID: 29064160 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - October 24, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: LeNoue SR, Salomonsen-Sautel S, Min SJ, Thurstone C Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Issue Information - Editorial Board.
Authors: PMID: 28940678 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - September 24, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Issue Information - ToC.
Authors: PMID: 28940679 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - September 24, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Factors associated with attrition in substance using patients enrolled in an intensive outpatient program.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Data suggest individuals with substance use disorders (SUD) have high rates of attrition from treatment and exhibit impairments on measures of executive functioning (EF). The primary aim of this pilot study was to investigate if EF is associated with attrition from a 1 month intensive outpatient program (IOP) for SUD, and examine the feasibility of implementing the project. METHODS: Baseline neurocognitive functioning was assessed by the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) and the self-reported Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Functioning (BRI...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - September 18, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Mckowen J, Carrellas N, Zulauf C, Ward EN, Fried R, Wilens T Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Nabilone pharmacotherapy for cannabis dependence: A randomized, controlled pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: Nabilone pharmacotherapy was safe and well-tolerated in participants with cannabis dependence. Future studies might evaluate a higher dose of nabilone to determine its effects on cannabis use outcomes in participants with cannabis dependence. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: There remains a clear need for additional pharmacotherapy trials for cannabis dependence, and nabilone remains a candidate for such trials. (Am J Addict 2017;XX:1-7). PMID: 28921814 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - September 18, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Hill KP, Palastro MD, Gruber SA, Fitzmaurice GM, Greenfield SF, Lukas SE, Weiss RD Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Transcranial magnetic stimulation of the dorsal lateral prefrontal cortex inhibits medial orbitofrontal activity in smokers.
CONCLUSIONS: This preliminary data suggests that one session of rTMS applied to the DLPFC decreases brain activity in the NAc and mOFC in smokers. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: rTMS may exert its anti-craving effect by decreasing activity in the NAc and mOFC in smokers. Despite a small sample size, these findings warrant future rTMS/fMRI studies in addictions. (Am J Addict 2017;XX:1-7). PMID: 28898485 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - September 12, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Li X, Sahlem GL, Badran BW, McTeague LM, Hanlon CA, Hartwell KJ, Henderson S, George MS Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

N-acetylcysteine in the treatment of craving in substance use disorders: Systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: NAC was superior to placebo for craving reduction in SUDs. The relatively small number of trials and their heterogeneous methodology were possible limitations; however, these positive thrilling results stimulate further studies for clarifying the potential impact of NAC for craving symptoms in SUDs. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: The safety profile of NAC and favorable tolerability, in addition to being an over-the-counter medication, presents with an interesting potential clinical use for craving in SUDs. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: The safety profile of NAC and its favorable tolerability, in addition to bei...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - September 12, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Duailibi MS, Cordeiro Q, Brietzke E, Ribeiro M, LaRowe S, Berk M, Trevizol AP Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

The intergenerational transmission of at-risk/problem gambling: The moderating role of parenting practices.
CONCLUSIONS: Paternal problem gambling may be important in the development of adolescent at-risk/problem gambling behaviours and higher levels of parental involvement buffers the influence of maternal problem gambling in the development of offspring gambling problems. Further research is therefore required to identify factors that attenuate the seemingly greater risk of transmission associated with paternal gambling problems. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Parental involvement is a potential candidate for prevention and intervention efforts designed to reduce the intergenerational transmission of gambling problems. (Am J Ad...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - September 7, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Dowling NA, Shandley KA, Oldenhof E, Affleck JM, Youssef GJ, Frydenberg E, Thomas SA, Jackson AC Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Issue Information - Editorial Board.
Authors: PMID: 28846208 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - August 30, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Issue Information - ToC.
Authors: PMID: 28846209 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - August 30, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Delirium tremens and alcohol withdrawal nationally in the Veterans Health Administration.
CONCLUSIONS: Adults with WNDT and DT suffer from multiple chronic conditions and long-term service models are needed to coordinate the work of multiple specialists and to assure continuity of care. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: This national study identifies sociodemographic characteristics, comorbidities, and service utilization patterns associated with WNDT and DT.(Am J Addict 2017;XX:1-9). PMID: 28836711 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - August 24, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Moore DT, Fuehrlein BS, Rosenheck RA Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Religious coping in patients with severe substance use disorders receiving acute inpatient detoxification.
CONCLUSIONS: Consistent with hypotheses, greater positive religious coping was associated with greater mutual-help participation, lower severity of pre-admission drug use, and lower substance craving during detoxification. Use of positive religious coping may modify the course of SUD recovery by promoting engagement in mutual-help activities. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: The findings of this study suggest that positive and negative religious coping are linked with several key SUD recovery variables. Further research to replicate this finding and to assess mechanisms within this potential association is warranted. (Am J Ad...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - August 24, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Medlock MM, Rosmarin DH, Connery HS, Griffin ML, Weiss RD, Karakula SL, McHugh RK Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Pretreatment ethyl glucuronide levels predict response to a contingency management intervention for alcohol use disorders among adults with serious mental illness.
This study investigated if pretreatment ethyl glucuronide (EtG) levels corresponding to light (100 ng/mL), heavy (500 ng/mL), and very heavy (1,000 ng/mL) drinking predicted longest duration of alcohol abstinence (LDA) and proportion of EtG-negative urine tests in outpatients receiving a 12-week EtG-based contingency management (CM) intervention for alcohol dependence. METHODS: Participants were 40 adults diagnosed with alcohol use disorders and serious mental illness who submitted up to 12 urine samples for EtG analysis during a 4-week observation period and were then randomized to 12-weeks of CM...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - August 18, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: McDonell MG, Leickly E, McPherson S, Skalisky J, Hirchak K, Oluwoye O, Srebnik D, Roll JM, Ries RK Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Nonmedical versus medical marijuana use among three age groups of adults: Associations with mental and physical health status.
CONCLUSIONS AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Given the high rates of marijuana use disorder among medical users, physicians should exercise caution in recommending marijuana for medical purposes, especially for younger adults. More research is needed on medical marijuana's safety and efficacy for patients at risk of marijuana use disorder. (Am J Addict 2017;XX:1-10). PMID: 28834024 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - August 18, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Choi NG, DiNitto DM, Marti CN Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Text message reminders for improving patient appointment adherence in an office-based buprenorphine program: A feasibility study.
CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated the acceptability and feasibility of TM appointment reminders in OBOT. Older age and longer duration in buprenorphine treatment did not diminish interest in receiving the TM intervention. Although OBOT patients expressed concern regarding the privacy of TM content sent from their providers, privacy issues were uncommon among this cohort. Scientific Significance Findings from this study highlighted patient barriers to adherence to scheduled appointments. These barriers included transportation difficulties (34%), not being able to take time off from school or work (31%), long clinic lines...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - August 11, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Tofighi B, Grazioli F, Bereket S, Grossman E, Aphinyanaphongs Y, Lee JD Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Development and preliminary pilot evaluation of a brief tablet computer intervention to motivate tobacco quitline use among smokers in substance use treatment.
CONCLUSIONS AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Our results suggest that TIME-TQ activated these patients to quit smoking, but our referral method (standard fax referral) was unsuccessful in helping participants fully engage in quitline treatment or achieving a period of abstinence. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: We are now conducting an RCT to evaluate TIME-TQ with a revised referral procedure intended to increase treatment engagement and, ultimately, abstinence rates. (Am J Addict 2017;XX:1-8). PMID: 28800182 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - August 11, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Brown RA, Hecht J, Bloom EL, Minami H, Kahler CW, Abrantes AM, Dubreuil ME, Gordon A, Price LH, Ondersma SJ Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Use of non-pharmacological strategies for pain relief in addiction treatment patients with chronic pain.
CONCLUSIONS: Non-pharmacological treatments are less commonly used than opioids by addiction treatment patients. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Findings highlight the need to better understand pain treatment decision-making among addiction treatment patients. (Am J Addict 2017;XX:1-4). PMID: 28800184 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - August 11, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Lin LA, Bohnert ASB, Jannausch M, Goesling J, Ilgen MA Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Ameliorative response to detoxification, psychotherapy, and medical management in patients maintained on opioids for pain.
CONCLUSION: The difference in CPT between opioid maintained patients and controls, and the response to detoxification, psychotherapy and medical management suggest the possibility that the prevalence of OIH may be high. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: This study adds to the growing evidence that chronic opioid treatment contributes little to the management of chronic pain and in fact appears to frequently make it worse. (Am J Addict 2017;XX:1-6). PMID: 28800186 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - August 11, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Belkin M, Reinheimer HS, Levy J, Johnson B Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Correlates of methamphetamine use among young Iranians: Findings of a population-based survey in 2013.
CONCLUSIONS: The lifetime prevalence of methamphetamine use among young Iranian adults is concerning. Educational settings should be equipped with the required resources to take a proactive role in educating adolescents and young adults on substance use including methamphetamine. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: This study was done on a national level and identified the factors that can correlate with methamphetamine use. Its results can be very useful for policy decision makers. (Am J Addict 2017;XX:1-7). PMID: 28782900 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - August 7, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Bagheri N, Mirzaee M, Jahani Y, Karamouzian M, Sharifi H Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Gambling involvement among Native Americans, Blacks, and Whites in the United States.
CONCLUSIONS: There is a lack of research on gambling involvement among minority groups in the U.S. Blacks and Native Americans are at a higher risk for problem gambling as compared with the rest of the population. Furthermore, social factors and alcohol abuse may show a stronger co-occurrence with gambling involvement among minority groups than among whites. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: This study is a large representative U.S. sample with sizeable numbers of Native Americans and blacks. Thus, prevalence rates and risk factors can be assessed for these important population subgroups. This will allow for targeted intervent...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - August 7, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Barnes GM, Welte JW, Tidwell MO Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Role of olfactory reactions, nociception, and immunoendocrine shifts in addictive disorders.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings obtained verify potential involvement of nociception, olfaction, and cytokine production in addiction pathogenesis evidencing their various roles depending on the range of psychoactive substances (PAS) and pathology progression. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: The data obtained may provide background for unification of reward circuit and inhibitory control concepts in regulation of addictive behavior. (Am J Addict 2017;XX:1-9). PMID: 28782904 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - August 7, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Masterova E, Nevidimova T, Savochkina D, Nikitina V, Lobacheva O, Vetlugina T, Bokhan N Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Conclusion: Special issue on genetic and alcohol use disorder research with diverse racial/ethnic groups: Key findings and potential next steps.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This special issue brings together papers focusing on a wide range of topics relevant to the research and understanding of the role of race/ethnicity and genetic variation for the susceptibility of developing an alcohol use disorder (AUD). METHODS: The key findings from the issue's 10 articles are reviewed and organized here around three topics: I: addictive behaviors and potential environmental influences; II: a focus on four racial/ethnic groups; and III: special methodologies. RESULTS: Several potential next steps in improving effective research strategies are highl...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - July 28, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Chartier KG, Hesselbrock MN, Hesselbrock VM Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Commentary: Perspectives on alcohol-related gene and environment interplay in diverse populations.
CONCLUSIONS: The reviews presented underscore various gaps in our knowledge of the genetic influences on alcohol use disorders due to the failure to include racially and ethnically diverse populations in genetic and epigenetic study samples. New directions are suggested to overcome the resulting research challenges and ultimately to inform future personalized intervention approaches for racial/ethnic populations. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Inclusion of heterogeneous populations in genomic research will provide a better comprehension of possible unique genetic factors in the broader general population that may be missed ...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - July 28, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Scott MS Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Issue Information - ToC.
Authors: PMID: 28745448 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - July 28, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Special Issue on Diversity, Alcohol, and Genetics.
PMID: 28745449 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - July 28, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Kosten T, Domingo C Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Issue Information - Editorial Board.
Authors: PMID: 28745450 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - July 28, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

The utility of empirically assigning ancestry groups in cross-population genetic studies of addiction.
CONCLUSIONS: We were able to create more genetically homogenous groups and reduce sample and marker loss through cross-ancestry meta-analysis, potentially increasing power to detect etiologically relevant variation. Our approach provides a framework for empirically assigning genetic ancestry groups which can be applied to other ethnically diverse genetic studies. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Given the important public health impact and demonstrable gains in statistical power from studying diverse populations, empirically sound practices for genetic studies are needed. (Am J Addict 2017;XX:1-8). PMID: 28714599 [PubMed...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - July 17, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Peterson RE, Edwards AC, Bacanu SA, Dick DM, Kendler KS, Webb BT Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Testing the nicotine dependence measure mFTQ for adolescent smokers: A multinational investigation.
CONCLUSIONS: mFTQ is a single-factor measure of nicotine dependence that shows acceptable internal consistency and validity across countries. Further work can advance the scale and tailor it to different cultures. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: mFTQ can be a clinically practical international measure of nicotine dependence. This study provides initial support for the utility of the mFTQ among Thai, Spanish, American, and Russian adolescents. Further research is needed to test and advance mFTQ across cultures. (Am J Addict 2017;XX:1-8). PMID: 28708935 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - July 14, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Prokhorov AV, Khalil GE, Foster DW, Marani SK, Guindani M, Espada JP, Gonzálvez MT, Idrisov B, Galimov A, Arora M, Tewari A, Isralowitz R, Lapvongwatana P, Chansatitporn N, Chen X, Zheng H, Sussman S Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Factors associated with attrition rate in a supportive care service for substance using pregnant women in Brazil.
CONCLUSIONS: Attrition may be the outcome of socio-demographic, family, individual, and substance use issues not fully addressed in prenatal interventions. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Identification of who are at risk for dropping out affords services with an opportunity to prevent its occurrence. (Am J Addict 2017;XX:1-4). PMID: 28700118 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - July 12, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Avilla RM, Surjan J, de Fátima Ratto Padin M, Canfield M, Laranjeira RR, Mitsuhiro S Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Prevalence and predictors of substance use disorders among homeless women seeking primary care: An 11 site survey.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings indicate a significant need for SUD services, with an equally high need for mental health services. In addition, high rates of victimization and use of tobacco, and overall poor health status, indicate overall health disparities. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Addressing barriers to full integration of substance use and mental health services, such as improving screening, reimbursement, clinician training, and addressing biases about motivation of this population to engage in treatment, are necessary to improve the health of women seeking care in HCH settings. (Am J Addict 2017;XX:1-9). PMID: ...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - July 5, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Upshur CC, Jenkins D, Weinreb L, Gelberg L, Orvek EA Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Management of mood and anxiety disorders in patients receiving opioid agonist therapy: Review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: To date, psychotherapy has the most documented evidence for efficacy. TCAs appears effective but with more adverse effects than SSRIs. Further studies of OAT and adjunct antidepressant treatments for dual diagnosis patients are warranted. (Am J Addict 2017;XX:1-13). PMID: 28675762 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - July 4, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Hassan AN, Howe AS, Samokhvalov AV, Le Foll B, George TP Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Introduction to the special issue on genetic research of alcohol use disorderin diverse racial/ethnic populations.
Abstract This special issue of The American Journal on Addictions is an extension of a workshop held at the Research Society on Alcoholism (2015) highlighting several important issues related to studies of the genetic bases of alcohol use disorder among racially/ethnically diverse populations. While not exhaustive in their coverage, the papers in this special issue focus on three important topics: (1) the importance of considering the social and environmental context in genetic analyses; (2) social and cultural considerations for engaging diverse communities in genetic research; and (3) methodologies related to ph...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - July 3, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Chartier KG, Hesselbrock MN, Hesselbrock VM Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Comparing triggers to visual disturbances among individuals with positive vs negative experiences of hallucinogen-persisting perception disorder (HPPD) following LSD use.
CONCLUSIONS: HPPD I and II differ in terms of visual disturbances and triggers, possibly representing different phenomena existing on the same spectrum. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Our study indicating differences in triggers to HPPD I and II adds to existing literature on differences in visual disturbances between the two subtypes. Further research elucidating additional differences between the subtypes of HPPD is needed. (Am J Addict 2017;XX:1-4). PMID: 28654720 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - June 27, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Lev-Ran S, Feingold D, Goodman C, Lerner AG Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Can a rapid measure of self-exposure to drugs of abuse provide dimensional information on depression comorbidity?
CONCLUSIONS: This dimensional analysis of exposure to specific drugs provides insights on depression comorbidity with addictive diseases, and the impact of poly-drug exposure. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: A rapid analysis of exposure to drugs of abuse reveals how specific patterns of drug and poly-drug exposure are associated with increasing odds of depression. This approach detected quantitatively how different patterns of poly-drug exposure can result in increased odds of depression comorbidity, in cases diagnosed with opioid versus cocaine dependence. (Am J Addict 2017;XX:1-8). PMID: 28654734 [PubMed - as supplied...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - June 27, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Butelman ER, Bacciardi S, Maremmani AGI, Darst-Campbell M, Correa da Rosa J, Kreek MJ Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Genetic and psychosocial predictors of alcohol use trajectories among disaster-exposed adolescents.
CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents with greater severity of disaster exposure and high genetic risk comprise a high risk group, on which efforts to prevent alcohol use should be focused. Additionally, emotional support is essential in buffering the effects of PTSD symptoms on alcohol use outcomes among adolescents. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Toward the aim of reducing adolescent alcohol misuse following disaster exposure, there is utility in inserting immediate supports (e.g., basic resources) into communities/families that have experienced significant disaster-related severity, particularly among adolescents at high levels of ge...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - June 8, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Bountress K, Danielson CK, Williamson V, Vladmirov V, Gelernter J, Ruggiero K, Amstadter A Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Emotion dysregulation as a mechanism linking anxiety and hazardous drinking among Latinos in primary care.
CONCLUSIONS: Anxiety may contribute to alcohol use problems due to an overall tendency to engage in maladaptive attempts to regulate emotions. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Targeting emotion dysregulation in the context of anxiety and hazardous alcohol use among Latinos may be one therapeutic strategy to reduce severity of alcohol use (and hazardous drinking). (Am J Addict 2017;XX:1-8). PMID: 28594448 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - June 8, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Paulus DJ, Gallagher MW, Rogers AH, Viana AG, Garza M, Valdivieso J, Ochoa-Perez M, Lemaire C, Bakhshaie J, Zvolensky MJ Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Screening for adult attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder in high-dose benzodiazepine dependent patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Adult ADHD may be common in treatment-seeking high-dose BZD dependent patients according to ASRS-v1.1 Symptom Checklist Part A. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Screening for ADHD in this type of SUD with this questionnaire is quick and may offer useful information for prognosis and treatment. (Am J Addict 2017;XX:1-5). PMID: 28570753 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - June 1, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Tamburin S, Federico A, Morbioli L, Faccini M, Casari R, Zamboni L, Briguglio G, Lugoboni F Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Integrated care pathway for co-occurring major depressive and alcohol use disorders: Outcomes of the first two years.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) are highly prevalent, comorbid, and have significant impact on morbidity, mortality, and socioeconomic burden in Canada. Combined psycho- and pharmacotherapies for both conditions promise better outcomes than treatment as usual (TAU). At the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada, we developed and implemented an Integrated Care Pathway (ICP) specifically for treatment of concurrent MDD and AUD. The goal of the study is to assess the clinical effectiveness of the ICP approach in comparison to TAU. MATERIALS AND...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - June 1, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Samokhvalov AV, Awan S, George TP, Irving J, Le Foll B, Perrotta S, Probst C, Voore P, Rehm J Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Neuropsychological functioning in college students who misuse prescription stimulants.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Relatively little is known about the neuropsychological profiles of college students who misuse prescription stimulant medications. METHODS: Data presented are from college students aged 18-28 years who misused prescription stimulants prescribed for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and controls (no prescription stimulant misuse). Students were assessed neuropsychologically using the self-report Behavioral Rating Inventory of Executive Functioning (BRIEF-A), the Cambridge Automated Neuropsychological Test and Battery (CANTAB), and other tests of cognitive functioning...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - May 13, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Wilens TE, Carrellas NW, Martelon M, Yule AM, Fried R, Anselmo R, McCabe SE Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Issue Information - ToC.
Authors: PMID: 28494132 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - May 13, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Interaction between ADH1B*3 and alcohol-facilitating social environments in alcohol behaviors among college students of african descent.
CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that ADH1B*3 may protect college students of African descent against alcohol outcomes, although only in low alcohol-facilitating environments. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Findings add to the growing body of knowledge regarding genetic and social determinants of alcohol behaviors among college students of African descent. (Am J Addict 2017;26:349-356). PMID: 28494133 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - May 13, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Desalu JM, Zaso MJ, Kim J, Belote JM, Park A Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Issue Information - Editorial Board.
Authors: PMID: 28494134 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - May 13, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research