Prescription opioid medication misuse among university students.
CONCLUSIONS AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: This study identifies a number of risk factors for those misusing prescription opioids that can be used to develop and refine prescription opioid misuse screening tools for university health centers. It also identifies a number of concurring behaviors that can simultaneously be addressed when prescription opioid misusers are identified. (Am J Addict 2018;XX:1-7). PMID: 30328218 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - October 17, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Harries MD, Lust K, Christenson GA, Redden SA, Grant JE Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Commentary: The opioid overdose epidemic: Evidence-based interventions.
CONCLUSIONS: Sharp opioid dose restriction in outpatient treatment increases heroin and fentanyl use, explaining why recent years' decrease in United States opioid prescriptions has not reduced national mortality rates. Although Harm Reduction is the safest, most effective single approach, combining three interventions while improving pain and addiction prescribing practices is optimal. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Scientific research needs to inform choice of opioid overuse interventions. (Am J Addict 2018;XX:1-3). PMID: 30311993 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - October 12, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Barglow P Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Feasibility and validity of mobile cognitive testing in patients with substance use disorders and healthy controls.
Conclusions The use of mobile cognitive testing is feasible and valid in this population. Scientific Significance Mobile cognitive tests provide new opportunities for both research and clinical intervention. (Am J Addict 2018;27:553-556). PMID: 30260085 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - September 29, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Bouvard A, Dupuy M, Schweitzer P, Revranche M, Fatseas M, Serre F, Misdrahi D, Auriacombe M, Swendsen J Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Trends in DMT and other tryptamine use among young adults in the United States.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The popularity of tryptamines such as N,N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT) appears to be increasing in the United States (US), but epidemiologic literature on prevalence of use is scant. This paper aims to determine trends in prevalence and correlates of past-year tryptamine use among a nationally representative sample of young adults in the US. METHODS: Participants in the National Survey on Drug Use and Health survey were queried about past-year use of tryptamines-specifically DMT, α-methyltryptamine (AMT), and 5-MeO-DIPT ("Foxy"). Data were examined from young ad...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - September 29, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Palamar JJ, Le A Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Impulsivity and decision making in older and younger cocaine-dependent participants: A preliminary study.
CONCLUSION: Higher state impulsivity in older cocaine participants suggests that cocaine use may have accelerating effects on the aging brain. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: This preliminary study adds the limited research on how cocaine use affects normal aging. Current treatments are based on younger adults, therefore the needs of older adults should be taken into consideration and studied more. (Am J Addict 2018;27:557-559). PMID: 30260087 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - September 29, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Johns SE, Wang Q, Straub LK, Moeller FG Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Population-level patterns and mental health and substance use correlates of alcohol, marijuana, and tobacco use and co-use in US young adults and adults: Results from the population assessment for tobacco and health.
This study identified the most common patterns of current alcohol and marijuana use with the spectrum of tobacco products (cigarettes, hookah, e-cigarettes, cigars/little cigars, and other products), among US young adults and older adults and examined associations of mental health and substance use problems with each pattern. METHODS: Wave 1 adult dataset (2013-2014) of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study. Weighted analyses estimated the prevalence of the top 10 patterns of current alcohol, marijuana, and tobacco use and co-use separately by young adults aged 18-24 (n = 9,112) an...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - August 30, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Cohn AM, Johnson AL, Rose SW, Pearson JL, Villanti AC, Stanton C Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Substance use disorders and their effect on the psychiatric and justice systems.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A high proportion of persons in institutionalized settings such as the criminal justice system and psychiatric hospitals have substance use disorders (SUDs). We explored the association between substance use, demographics, and criminal justice involvement in a population of patients placed on involuntary 72-h holds in a psychiatric facility. METHODS: We retrospectively identified patients aged 18 through 57 years who had been placed on 72-h holds during an acute psychiatric hospitalization during a 1-year period. Data were analyzed with standard descriptive statistics, and ...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - August 28, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Schmidt KA, Lamoureux IC, Schak KM, Lachner C, Burton MC, Larrabee BR, Rummans TA Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Patterns of opioid use during initial buprenorphine/naloxone treatment in relation to changes in opioid management laws in Kentucky.
CONCLUSIONS: After the passage of HB1, there was a significant increase in patients reporting heroin use and opioid agonists compared to non-heroin opioids when presenting for treatment. SIGNIFICANT SIGNIFICANCE: There has been a notable shift in the opioid epidemic, which is evident in the outpatient treatment settings. (Am J Addict 2018;XX:1-7). PMID: 30152574 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - August 28, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Dhanda A, O'Connor SS, McGuire H, Knox E, Ruth E Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

FAAH variant Pro129Thr modulates subjective effects produced by cocaine administration.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The endogenous cannabinoid anandamide (AEA), an agonist at type-1 cannabinoid (CB1) receptors, is metabolized by fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). The common variant rs324420 C->A within the FAAH gene on chromosome 1 codes for a missense substitution (Pro129Thr), resulting in decreased FAAH activity and increased endocannabinoid potentiation. This FAAH variant has been linked to alterations in mood and stress reactivity, as well as being independently linked to increased risk for addiction. We hypothesized that cocaine use disordered (CUD) participants with the FAAH Pro129 T...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - August 20, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Patel MM, Nielsen DA, Kosten TR, De La Garza R, Newton TF, Verrico CD Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

What do we know about the pharmacotheraputic management of insomnia in cannabis withdrawal: A systematic review.
CONCLUSION: There is not sufficient evidence for any of the reviewed treatment options. Methodological limitations in a majority of the studies rendered their findings preliminary. Of the twelve investigated pharmacological agents, Gabapentin, Lofexidine, Mirtazapine, Quetiapine, and Zolpidem showed some primary benefits for treatment of sleep difficulties associated with cannabis withdrawal; however, future prospective studies are required to confirm such results. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: This review examines the current evidence for potential pharmacological options for treatment of cannabis withdrawal and associate...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - August 16, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Zhand N, Milin R Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Suicidality among gambling helpline callers: A consideration of the role of financial stress and conflict.
CONCLUSIONS: Family and social conflict may be one important way in which financial problems confer risk for suicidality among problem gamblers. These results align with findings from the substance use disorder (SUD) literature and highlight one potential factor that may merit further assessment and/or intervention. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Researchers and clinicians may want to consider the overall level of conflict a patient is experiencing when assessing suicide risk among individuals with gambling problems. Professionals may also want to consider the suitability of interventions to address conflict within the cont...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - August 16, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Carr MM, Ellis JD, Ledgerwood DM Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Adherence to extended release naltrexone: Patient and treatment characteristics.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite the promise of extended release naltrexone in the treatment of the opioid and alcohol use disorders, challenges with initiation and subsequent adherence have limited its potential. The purpose of this study is to identify the patient and treatment characteristics associated with adherence to extended release naltrexone. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of 155 veterans who initiated the medication in FY 2014 and FY2015. Medical records were abstracted for patient and treatment data including preferred drug and utilization of substance use treatment in the year bef...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - August 14, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Chang G, Crawford M, Pitts M, Schein AZ, Goodwin K, Enggasser JL Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Brief Report: Gender differences in demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with opioid use disorder entering a comparative effectiveness medication trial.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings underscore economic, psychiatric, and infection vulnerability among women with OUD. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Interventions targeting these disparities should be explored, as women may face complicated treatment initiation, retention, and recovery. (Am J Addict 2018;XX:1-6). PMID: 30106494 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - August 14, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Campbell ANC, Barbosa-Leiker C, Hatch-Maillette M, Mennenga SE, Pavlicova M, Scodes J, Saraiya T, Mitchell SG, Rotrosen J, Novo P, Nunes EV, Greenfield SF Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Cognitive functioning and treatment outcomes in a randomized controlled trial of internet-delivered drug and alcohol treatment.
CONCLUSIONS: The benefit of internet delivered treatment over standard care was unchanged across a range of cognitive functioning. Consistent with previous research, mild to moderate impairment in reasoning and cognitive flexibility were associated with lower retention across both treatment arms. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: An internet-delivered cognitive behavioral intervention for substance use disorders, TES, is equally effective across a spectrum of cognitive functioning among diverse patients. (Am J Addict 2018;XX:1-7). PMID: 30091814 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - August 9, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Shulman M, Campbell A, Pavlicova M, Hu MC, Aharonovich E, Nunes EV Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Predictors of initiation of nicotine, alcohol, cannabis, and cocaine use: Results of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC).
CONCLUSIONS: Although the age of substance use initiation varies by substance, in more than 50% of cases initiation of use occurs in the first two decades of life. Although most risk factors for substance use initiation are common across substances, some are substance-specific. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: This information may help in the development of empirically-based preventive interventions. (Am J Addict 2018;XX:1-8). PMID: 30088294 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - August 7, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Blanco C, Flórez-Salamanca L, Secades-Villa R, Wang S, Hasin DS Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

A longitudinal evaluation of the role of alcohol self-concept in alcohol use, motives, negative affect, and alcohol-related problems among emerging adults.
CONCLUSIONS: Results from this study underscore the importance of motivation for alcohol use and internalization of alcohol identity in predicting changes in behavior across emerging adulthood and suggest future avenues of research. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Alcohol self-concept may be a risk factor and intervention target. (Am J Addict 2018;XX:1-8). PMID: 30039892 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - July 24, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Blevins CE, Abrantes AM, Anderson BJ, Caviness CM, Herman DS, Stein MD Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Nonmedical benzodiazepine use in adults with alcohol use disorder: The role of anxiety sensitivity and polysubstance use.
CONCLUSIONS: These results replicate findings from research on opioid use disorder suggesting that anxiety sensitivity is associated with nonmedical benzodiazepine use in women and not men. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Targeted intervention to those with polysubstance use-including education on overdose risk when benzodiazepines are combined with other substances-is indicated in men and women with alcohol use disorder. Anxiety sensitivity may be a potential therapeutic target to reduce nonmedical benzodiazepine use among women with alcohol use disorder. (Am J Addict 2018;XX:1-6). PMID: 30028048 [PubMed - as supplied ...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - July 20, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: McHugh RK, Geyer R, Karakula S, Griffin ML, Weiss RD Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Withdrawal severity and early response to treatment in the outpatient transition from opioid use to extended release naltrexone.
CONCLUSIONS AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Early opioid withdrawal changes may be a useful indicator of treatment response, helping adjust the transition protocol to the individual patients' need and gather valuable information for a better understanding of the relationship between initiating and remaining in treatment. (Am J Addict 2018;XX:1-6). PMID: 30028058 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - July 20, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Mannelli P, Swartz M, Wu LT Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Comparison of three measurement models of discounting among individuals with methamphetamine use disorder.
CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, the current study is the first to report significantly greater discounting in a MA-M relative to M-M discounting task among individuals with MAUD, an outcome consistent with other psychomotor stimulants and drugs of abuse. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: The differential results observed across the three discounting models reaffirm potential issues with AUC noted in recent studies and highlight that researchers must be cautious when deciding on their final model of discounting. (Am J Addict 2018;XX:1-8). PMID: 30024076 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - July 19, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Yoon JH, Weaver MT, De La Garza R, Suchting R, Nerumalla CS, Omar Y, Brown GS, Haliwa I, Newton TF Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Pregnancy intention and opioid use disorder treatment retention in the MOTHER study.
CONCLUSIONS: Unintended pregnancies intersect with OUD and may modify one's treatment outcomes. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: OUD treatment may be a setting to help women implement informed family planning choices. (Am J Addict 2018;XX:1-3). PMID: 29995313 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - July 11, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Martin CE, Terplan M, O'Grady KE, Jones HE Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Lost in virtual gaming worlds: Grit and its prognostic value for online game addiction.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The personality construct grit is defined as the ability to be persistent in pursuit of long-term goals in spite of challenges or obstacles. Grit is an emerging concept in positive psychology and has gained much attention because of its relevance for success and well-being across different domains. The aim of the present study was to examine the prognostic value of grit for online game addiction. METHODS: We surveyed German speaking online gamers (N = 305: 193 males and 112 females, Mage  = 28.44 years, SDage  = 8.88) in an online c...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - July 11, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Borzikowsky C, Bernhardt F Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

A systematic review: Candidate gene and environment interaction on alcohol use and misuse among adolescents and young adults.
CONCLUSIONS AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: This review suggests that GxE findings may advance our knowledge regarding which developmentally specific conditions result in the expression of candidate genes that influence youth alcohol use and misuse. However, since a significant number of studies had small sample sizes and most studies had small effect sizes, findings need replication across independent studies with large samples. (Am J Addict 2018;XX:1-19). PMID: 29992684 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - July 10, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Kim J, Park A Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Choreoathetoid movements associated with methamphetamine: A case report and review of literature.
CONCLUSIONS: Evidence for treatment of methamphetamine induced choreoathetosis is limited. Expectant management of such symptoms is a viable option if there are no additional comorbidities that require therapy. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Clinicians should be alert to the possibility of movement disorders in methamphetamine users and familiar with treatment options. (Am J Addict 2018;XX:1-4). PMID: 29968954 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - July 3, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Das A, Price D, Clothier J Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Dual use of alcohol and marijuana and condomless sex in young adult men and women: A within-subject day-level analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Young persons who use alcohol and/or marijuana experience heightened likelihood of condomless sex. This increased likelihood is greater for women than for men on days with alcohol or marijuana use, each alone but especially when combined. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Young women may be especially susceptible to the influence of alcohol and/or marijuana use on sexual behavior. (Am J Addict 2018;XX:1-6). PMID: 29923270 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - June 20, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Hayaki J, Anderson BJ, Stein MD Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Positive and negative affect in cocaine use disorder treatment: Change across time and relevance to treatment outcome.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) for substance use disorder is empirically supported, and may be associated with change in affect over time. OBJECTIVES: Understanding the role of affect in cocaine use disorder could help to improve CBT outcomes. METHODS: This secondary analysis included 140 adults with cocaine use disorder, 57.9% female, drawn from two randomized controlled studies of web-based cognitive-behavior therapy who completed the Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS) before and during treatment. RESULTS: In mixed-effects regression models, baseline negative affect ...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - June 20, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Decker SE, Morie KP, Malin-Mayo B, Nich C, Carroll KM Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Positive expectancies mediate the association between sensation seeking and marijuana outcomes in at-risk young adults: A test of the acquired preparedness model.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings are consistent with the APM and suggest that higher sensation seeking is related to increased positive beliefs about marijuana outcomes, which is related to higher marijuana use and more MUD symptoms. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: These findings suggest that positive expectancies are an important risk factor for marijuana use and misuse, particularly for at-risk individuals with elevated rates of sensation seeking. Positive marijuana expectancies may be important to address in interventions for at-risk individuals. (Am J Addict 2018;XX:1-6). PMID: 29873863 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] ...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - June 6, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Curry I, Trim RS, Brown SA, Hopfer CJ, Stallings MC, Wall TL Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Problematic alcohol use as a risk factor for cyber aggression within romantic relationships.
CONCLUSIONS: Cyber aggression was prevalent among the current adult sample. Results suggest that problematic alcohol use is a risk factor for cyber privacy invasion but not cyber relational aggression. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Findings add to and clarify the nascent, conflicting results that have emerged from prior research on alcohol-related cyber aggression. (Am J Addict 2018;XX:1-7). PMID: 29873871 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - June 6, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Crane CA, Umehira N, Berbary C, Easton CJ Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Editorial: A new partnership with the AAAP newsletter.
PMID: 29873860 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - June 1, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Kosten TR, Domingo C Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Concomitant drug abuse of opioid dependent patients in maintenance treatment detected with a multi-target screening of oral fluid.
CONCLUSIONS: Concomitant substance abuse is a serious issue among OMT patients. Screening for a broader range of substances than usually analyzed, reveals additional relevant abuse among OMT patients, including pregabalin-an anticonvulsant. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Our study underscores the importance of monitoring a broad range of substances including others than usually screened in opioid-dependent patients in OMT. (Am J Addict 2018;XX:1-6). PMID: 29797622 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - May 24, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Wagner E, Raabe F, Martin G, Winter C, Plörer D, Krause DL, Adorjan K, Koller G, Pogarell O Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Effect of childhood adversities on alcohol problems is mainly mediated by depression.
CONCLUSIONS AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: All CAT domains associate extensively with APs. Generally, their effect on APs is mainly mediated via depressive symptoms. In females, PhyAb and SexAb also have a considerable direct effect on APs. In treating individuals with CAT experiences and alcohol problems, treatment of depression is also important. (Am J Addict 2018;XX:1-9). PMID: 29766600 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - May 15, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Salokangas RKR, From T, Luutonen S, Salokangas HRW, Hietala J Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

The effect of implementing a tobacco treatment service on adherence to evidence-based practice in an inpatient state-owned psychiatric hospital.
CONCLUSIONS AND SIGNIFICANCE: Our findings can provide guidance to enhance compliance with TT measures in psychiatric settings. (Am J Addict 2018;XX:1-4). PMID: 29741217 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - May 9, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Okoli CTC, Al-Mrayat YD, Stead B Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Trajectories of alcohol consumption in U.S. military veterans: Results from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study.
CONCLUSIONS AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Four predominant trajectories of alcohol consumption were identified. Targeting MDD and related interpersonal factors such as attachment style and social support in population-based prevention and treatment initiatives may help prevent, mitigate, and promote recovery from excessive alcohol consumption in veterans. (Am J Addict 2018;XX:1-8). PMID: 29667712 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - April 18, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Fuehrlein BS, Kachadourian LK, DeVylder EK, Trevisan LA, Potenza MN, Krystal JH, Southwick SM, Pietrzak RH Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Substance use comorbidity in bipolar disorder: A qualitative review of treatment strategies and outcomes.
CONCLUSIONS: At present, IGT is the most-well validated and efficacious approach if substance use is targeted in an initial treatment phase. For a subsequent phase, additional psychosocial BD treatments may be needed for mood and functioning benefits. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: This review synthesizes the psychosocial interventions that have been conducted in comorbid BD and SUDs while also providing a perspective on which intervention elements are helpful for addressing substance use versus mood symptoms in patients with these co-occurring conditions. (Am J Addict 2018;27:188-201). PMID: 29596721 [PubMed - in proc...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - March 30, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Gold AK, Otto MW, Deckersbach T, Sylvia LG, Nierenberg AA, Kinrys G Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Commentary: Elders, others and addiction: Do they care and want to understand.
PMID: 29596722 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - March 30, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Khantzian EJ Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Commentary.
PMID: 29596723 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - March 30, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Kosten T, Domingo C Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

A randomized controlled trial of a gender-focused addiction model versus 12-step facilitation for women veterans.
CONCLUSIONS: WPR provides a useful addition to women's SUD treatment options, with outcomes no different than an established evidence-based model, TSF. Both showed positive impact on substance use and related areas. Our lack of differences based on gender-focus may reflect women veterans being acculturated to a male military environment. Limitations include lack of an untreated control, a sample limited to veterans, and use of a large effect size for power assumptions. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: This is the first RCT of a gender-focused approach for women veterans with SUD. (Am J Addict 2018;27:210-216). PMID: 2959...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - March 30, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Najavits LM, Enggasser J, Brief D, Federman E Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Antagonists in the medical management of opioid use disorders: Historical and existing treatment strategies.
CONCLUSIONS AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Treatment strategies to manage opioid withdrawal have evolved, but many patients with OUD do not receive medication for the prevention of relapse. Clinical strategies for induction onto extended-release naltrexone are now available and can be safely and effectively implemented in specialty and select primary care settings. (© 2018 The Authors. The American Journal on Addictions Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of The American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry (AAAP);27:177-187). PMID: 29596725 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - March 30, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Bisaga A, Mannelli P, Sullivan MA, Vosburg SK, Compton P, Woody GE, Kosten TR Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Case series: Salvia divinorum as a potential addictive hallucinogen.
CONCLUSIONS: Evaluating patients for salvia use during clinical assessment is strongly encouraged, especially among young polysubstance users. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Clinicians should be mindful of the multifaceted psychiatric effects of salvia, including the potential for a use disorder. (Am J Addict 2018;27:163-165). PMID: 29596726 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - March 30, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: El-Khoury J, Baroud E Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Issue Information - Editorial Board.
Authors: PMID: 29596727 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - March 30, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

A meta-analysis of the association between substance use and emerging adult development using the IDEA scale.
CONCLUSIONS: The dimensions of emerging adulthood may be less effective in predicting substance use among non-college samples and those studies focusing on drug use. Further research should prioritize exploring variation in the transition to emerging adulthood among non-college samples and the longitudinal associations between IDEA and substance use. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Important contributions include the modest association between IDEA and substance use as well as specific participant characteristics that amplify or mitigate the association between IDEA and substance use. (Am J Addict 2018;27:166-176). PMID...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - March 30, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Davis JP, Dumas TM, Briley DA, Sussman S Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Issue Information - ToC.
Authors: PMID: 29596729 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - March 30, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Ecological momentary assessment of smoking behaviors in native and converted intermittent smokers.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: About 22% of adult smokers in the U.S. are intermittent cigarette smokers (ITS). ITS can be further classified as native ITS who never smoked daily and converted ITS who formerly smoked daily but reduced to intermittent smoking. Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) was conducted to determine the behaviors and experiences that are associated with the decision to smoke. METHODS: The study included 24 native ITS and 36 converted ITS (N = 60) from the Pennsylvania Adult Smoking Study. A baseline questionnaire, daily log, and an EMA smoking log that assessed emoti...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - March 1, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Stennett A, Krebs NM, Liao J, Richie JP, Muscat JE Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Issue Information - ToC.
Authors: PMID: 29489043 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - March 1, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Issue Information - Editorial Board.
Authors: PMID: 29489044 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - March 1, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Identifying women veterans with unhealthy alcohol use using gender-tailored screening.
CONCLUSIONS: Gender-tailored binge-drinking questions may improve detection of women's unhealthy alcohol use. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: These results can inform future efforts to improve alcohol screening for women. (Am J Addict 2018;27:97-100). PMID: 29489045 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - March 1, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Hoggatt KJ, Simpson T, Schweizer CA, Drexler K, Yano EM Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Suicidal ideation in military veterans with alcohol dependence and PTSD: The role of hostility.
CONCLUSION AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Findings highlight the importance of covert hostility as it relates to suicidal ideation among those with comorbid PTSD and AD and provides information which may help inform treatment approaches for high-risk military Veterans. (Am J Addict 2018;27:124-130). PMID: 29489046 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - March 1, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Kachadourian LK, Gandelman E, Ralevski E, Petrakis IL Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Treating women with opioid use disorder during pregnancy in Appalachia: Initial neonatal outcomes following buprenorphine  + naloxone exposure.
CONCLUSIONS: Use of buprenorphine + naloxone shows relative safety in pregnancy. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: These findings can help better guide prescribing practices for pregnant patients at risk for misuse or diversion of buprenorphine. (Am J Addict 2018;XX:1-5). PMID: 29473258 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - February 23, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Nguyen L, Lander LR, O'Grady KE, Marshalek PJ, Schmidt A, Kelly AK, Jones HE Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

The relationships between depression, neuroticism, and attitudes (NDA model) in heroin abusers in Taiwan.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings provide evidence that depression, neuroticism, and POE affect heroin use. We also found that POE mediates between depression and heroin use. Despite the emotional regulation strategies recommended to help heroin abusers with depression to reduce the likelihood of their heroin use, teaching them with negative attitudes using heroin should also be considered when developing treatments for heroin abusers with depression. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Our findings provide a comprehensive mechanism of addiction that is integrated with emotion, cognition, and personality. Drug-related beliefs and emotio...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - February 19, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Lee KH, Yen CF Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Abstinence and reduced frequency of use are associated with improvements in quality of life among treatment-seekers with cannabis use disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: Abstinence and lower frequency of use are associated with higher QoL, regardless of gender. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: This is the first time QoL has been demonstrated to change over the course of CUD medication treatment. QoL is an important outcome in CUD treatment. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT01020019. (Am J Addict 2017;XX:1-7). PMID: 29457671 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - February 19, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Brezing CA, Choi CJ, Pavlicova M, Brooks D, Mahony AL, Mariani JJ, Levin FR Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Gambling-related cognitive distortions predict level of function among US veterans seeking treatment for gambling disorders.
CONCLUSIONS AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: The findings from this study indicate that there is high comorbidity between GD and other psychiatric and addictive disorders, as well as social and occupational functioning. In addition, cognitive distortions related to gambling relate importantly to overall functioning and should be considered in the development of interventions for veterans with GD. (Am J Addict 2018;XX:1-8). PMID: 29457672 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - February 19, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Shirk SD, Kelly MM, Kraus SW, Potenza MN, Pugh K, Waltrous C, Federman E, Krebs C, Drebing CE Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research